Munich in History

Bavaria: Nuremberg

Historical Events

  • 1285-10-12 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany and are set on fire

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1781-01-29 Mozart's opera "Idomeneo" premieres in Munich

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1852-03-25 Friedrich Hebbel's "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich
  • 1865-06-10 Wagner's "Tristan und Isolde" 1st performance Munich, Germany
  • 1868-06-21 Wagner's opera "Meistersinger von Nuernberg" premieres in Munich

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1869-09-22 Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • 1870-06-25 Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich)
  • 1870-06-26 Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877-09-22 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he speaks against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1903-11-27 Opera "Die Heugierigen Frauen" is produced (Munich)
  • 1905-02-18 Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben" premieres in Munich
  • 1906-03-19 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich
  • 1909-01-22 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • 1909-11-04 Opera "Il Segreto di Susanna" is produced (Munich)
  • 1910-09-12 Gustav Mahler's 8th Symphony premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians
  • 1911-11-20 Gustav Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" (Song of the Earth) premieres in Munich
  • 1911-12-23 Frank Wedekind's "Oaha, die Satire der Satire" premieres in Munich
  • 1919-09-01 Frank Wedekind's "Herakles" premieres in Munich
  • 1920-02-24 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • 1922-06-12 German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-11-30 Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1923-10-21 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
  • 1923-11-08 Hitler stages unsuccessful "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich
  • 1923-11-09 Beer Hall Putsch, Munich; Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die, Hitler flees
  • 1924-02-26 Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
  • 1925-02-27 Hitler resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich
  • 1929-08-04 60,000 SA'ers/SS'ers march by Munich
  • 1937-07-19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • 1937-11-08 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-17 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1938-09-23 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich
  • 1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany
  • 1938-10-01 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • 1939-03-15 Reneging on his pledge in the Munich Agreement, Hitler occupies and annexes Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-08 Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich
  • 1940-11-08 RAF bombs Munich, Hitler promises "an attack on the capital of the Nazi movement would not go unpunished."
  • 1942-08-05 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • 1942-09-29 French Government in exile of De Gaulle cancels agreement of Munich
  • 1942-11-08 Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall
  • 1943-02-16 Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
  • 1943-02-18 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • 1944-07-19 500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
  • 1952-03-26 F Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich
  • 1957-08-11 Paul Hindemith's opera "Harmonie der Welt" premieres in Munich
  • 1958-02-06 21 dead in air crash in Munich; 7 of those are from the Manchester United football team
  • 1961-11-28 Martin Walser's "Der Abstecher" premieres in Munich
  • 1969-07-07 German newspaper Der Spiegel reveals Bishop Defregger of Munich is a war criminal
  • 1972-06-24 Danie Malan, South African athlete, sets a new world record in the 1000m event in Munich
  • 1972-08-26 20th Olympic games open at Munich German FR
  • 1972-09-05 11 Israeli athletes taken hostage and later killed by Palestinian Black September group at the Munich Olympics
  • 1972-09-06 Summer Olympics resume in Munich Germany after massacre

  • 1972-09-10 20th Olympic games close at Munich, German FR
  • 1974-05-17 18th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Atletico Madrid 4-0 at Brussels
  • 1974-07-07 FIFA World Cup Final: Striker Gerd Müller scores 43rd minute winner as West Germany beat the Netherlands 2-1 in Munich, West Germany
  • 1975-05-28 19th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Leeds United 2-0 at Paris
  • 1975-06-08 2 passenger trains collided near Munich, Germany killing 35
  • 1976-05-12 20th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Saint-Etienne 1-0 at Glasgow

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1976-05-24 Muhammad Ali TKOs Richard Dunn in 5 for heavyweight boxing title in Munich

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1977-01-11 France releases Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in massacre of Israeli athletes at 1972 Munich Olympics
  • 1977-01-12 Anti-French demonstrations takes place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes
  • 1979-05-30 23rd European Cup: Nottingham Forest beats Malmo FF 1-0 at Munich
  • 1980-09-26 Bomb attack on Octoberfest in Munich, 12 killed
  • 1982-05-26 26th European Cup: Aston Villa beats Bayern Munich 1-0 at Rotterdam
  • 1983-04-23 28th Eurovision Song Contest: Corinne Hermes for Luxembourg wins singing "Si la vie est cadeau" in Munich
  • 1985-12-22 74th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Germany in Munich (3-2)
  • 1987-05-27 31st European Cup: Porto beats Bayern Munich 2-1 at Vienna
  • 1988-06-25 UEFA European Championship Final: Ruud Gullet & Marco van Basten score as the Netherlands beats Soviet Union 2-0 in Munich
  • 1991-03-14 Ice Dance Championship at Munich won by Isabel & Phil Duchesnay (FRA)
  • 1991-03-14 Ice Pairs Championship at Munich won by N Mishkutenok & A Dmitriev
  • 1991-03-14 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
  • 1991-03-16 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Munich won by Kristi Yamaguchi
  • 1993-05-26 1st UEFA Champions League Final: Marseille beats Milan 1-0 at Munich
  • 1997-05-28 5th UEFA Champions League Final: Borussia Dortmund beats Juventus 3-1 at Munich
  • 1999-05-26 7th UEFA Champions League Final: Manchester United beats Bayern Munich 2-1 at Barcelona
  • 2001-05-23 9th UEFA Champions League Final: Bayern Munich beats Valencia (1-1, 5-4 on penalties) at Milan
  • 2010-05-22 18th UEFA Champions League Final: Internazionale beats Bayern Munich 2-0 at Madrid
  • 2012-05-19 20th UEFA Champions League Final: Chelsea beats Bayern Munich (1-1, 4-3 on penalties) at Munich
  • 2013-04-06 Bayern Munich win their 23rd German Bundesliga title with 6 games to spare
  • 2013-05-11 Bayern Munich set a new  Bundesliga points record of 91
  • 2013-05-25 21st UEFA Champions League Final: Bayern Munich beats Borussia Dortmund 2-1 at London
  • 2013-06-01 Bayern Munich defeat VfB Stuttgart 3-2 to win the DFB-Pokal to become the first German treble-winning team
  • 2014-05-17 Bayern Munich defeats Borussia Dortmund to win the 2013–14 DFB-Pokal
  • 2015-04-26 FC Bayern Munich wins the 2014–15 Bundesliga for a 25th time

Famous Birthdays

  • 1573-04-17 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1651)
  • 1621-10-08 Maximilian Henry of Bayern, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Bishop of Hildesheim and Bishop of Liège, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1688)
  • 1727-03-28 Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bayern (1745-77), born in Munich (d. 1777)
  • 1765-03-27 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, born in Munich (d. 1841)
  • 1794-04-09 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1801-11-13 Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, Queen consort of Prussia (1840-61), born in Munich (d. 1873)
  • 1801-11-13 Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony, born in Munich (d. 1877)
  • 1808-08-30 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • 1815-03-14 Josephine Lang, German composer, born in Munich (d. 1880)
  • 1839-03-17 Josef Rheinberger, Vaduz Liechtenstein, opera composer (Munich Conser)
  • 1845-08-25 Ludwig II, Mad king of Bavaria (1864-86), born in Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany (d. 1886)
  • 1848-04-27 Otto I of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1886-1913), born in The Residence, Munich (d. 1916)
  • 1856-02-15 Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist who developed a classification system for mental illness, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1860-05-31 Walter Richard Sickert Munich, Danish/English painter (The Miner)
  • 1864-06-11 Richard Strauss, German composer (Don Quixote), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1869-03-05 Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal/archbishop of Munich
  • 1873-12-18 Adolf Vogl, German composer, born in Munich (d. 1961)
  • 1874-08-22 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1875-02-02 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • 1875-12-02 Frank Reicher, German-American actor (King Kong, Son of Kong), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1881-02-14 Otto Selz, German psychologist, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1943)

Person of interestHans Fischer

1881-07-27 Hans Fischer, German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), born in Hoechst, Germany (d. 1945)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1891-05-22 Johannes R. Becher, German writer and politician, born in Munich (d. 1958)
  • 1894-11-02 Alexander Lippisch, German scientist and pioneer of aerodynamics, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1895-01-24 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • 1895-07-10 Carl Orff, German composer (Antigonae; Mozart prize 1969), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1897-07-05 Paul Ben-Haim [Frankenburger], Israeli composer, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1984)

Person of interestHeinrich Himmler

1900-10-07 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi and head of the Gestapo, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1905-05-03 Albrecht Luitpold Ferdinand Michael, duke of Bavaria, born in Munich, German Empire (d. 1996)
  • 1905-11-09 Erika Mann, German-American author (Other Germany) and daughter of Thomas Mann, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1906-11-10 Josef Kramer, German concentration camp Commandant dubbed "The Beast of Belsen", born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1909-03-27 Golo Mann, German-American historian (Antisemitism), born in Munich (d. 1994)
  • 1912-02-06 Eva Braun, mistress and wife of Adolf Hitler, born Munich Germany
  • 1915-08-25 Walter Trampler, American violist (Beaux Arts Trio), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1915-09-06 Franz Josef Strauss, German politician, Minister of Defense (1956-62), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1988)
  • 1915-12-13 Curd Jürgens [Curt Jurgens], German-born Austrian actor (Enemy Below, Longest Day), born in Solln, Munich, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1918-11-10 Ernst Fischer, German chemist (Nobel 1973), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2007)
  • 1920-10-08 Maxi Herber, German figure skater pairs (Olympic gold 1936), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2006)
  • 1922-04-09 Carl Amery [Christian Anton Mayer], German writer, born in Munich (d. 2005)
  • 1923-08-26 Wolfgang Sawallisch, conductor (Vienna Symph 1960-70), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1925-01-13 Rosemary Murphy, American actress (Margaret-Lucas Tanner), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2014)
  • 1928-11-14 Leonie Rysanek, dramatic soprano (Vienna Munich State Opera 1952-54)
  • 1937-02-20 Robert Huber, biochemist (Nobel 1988), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1938-11-23 Herbert Achternbusch, actor (Hedes, Mix Wix, Wohin), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1940-12-31 Mani Neumeier, German musician (Guru Guru), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1942-01-23 Willy Bogner Jr, Munich, director (On Her Majesty's Secret Service)
  • 1942-09-05 Werner Herzog, German director (Burden of Dreams, Stroszek, Woyzeck), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1947-10-31 Frank Shorter, American marathoner (Olympic gold/silver-72, 76), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1949-01-11 Tom Netherton, singer (Lawrence Welk Show), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1952-10-21 Brent Mydland, American rock keyboardist and vocalist (Grateful Dead), born in Munich,Germany

Person of interestSylvia Hanika

1959-11-30 Sylvia Hanika, German tennis player (Avon-1982), born in Munich, West Germany

Tennis Player Sylvia Hanika
Tennis Player
Sylvia Hanika
  • 1960-07-17 Jan Wouters, Dutch soccer star (Ajax, Bayern Munich, PSV)
  • 1961-02-12 Chris Heyne, WLAF General Manager (Frankfurt Galaxy), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1961-06-08 Ursula Buchfellner, German model, playmate (Oct, 1979) and actress (Bloodline), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1962-05-20 Sylvie Rauch, Munich German FR, nude model/actress
  • 1963-05-29 Tracey E Bregman, actress (Lauren-Bold & Beautiful, Days of Our Life), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1963-09-18 Rich Weiss, US slalom single kayaker (Olympic 6th 1996), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1965-12-25 Kathleen Luciano, WPVA volleyballer (Nationals-17th-1993), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1968-04-03 Bernd Karbacher, German tennis player, born in Munich, Germany
  • 1971-09-15 Wayne Ferreira, tennis star (Munich 1995), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1974-10-10 Naike Rivelli, German model and daughter of Ornella Muti, born in Munich, Germany
  • 1983-06-15 Julia Fischer, German violinist and pianist, born in Munich, Germany
  • 1984-11-02 Julia Stegner, German supermodel, born in Munich, Germany
  • 1986-03-27 Manuel Neuer, German football player (Bayern Munich, German national team), born in Gelsenkirchen, West Germany
  • 1988-08-21 Robert Lewandowski, Polish football player (Bayern Munich, Polish national team), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1989-09-13 Thomas Müller, German football player (Bayern Munich, German national team), born in Weilheim in Oberbayern, West Germany
  • 1991-07-12 James Rodríguez, Colombian footballer (Bayern Munich, Real Madrid, Colombia national team), born in Cúcuta, Colombia

Famous Weddings

  • 1810-10-12 First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.

HeartWedding of Interest

1905-02-11 Novelist Thomas Mann (29) weds Katia Pringsheim (21) in Munich, Germany

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann

HeartWedding of Interest

1925-04-02 Lawyer Hans Frank (24) weds secretary Brigitte Herbst (29) in Munich, Germany

Lawyer Hans Frank
Hans Frank
  • 2005-10-22 German film and television actress Uschi Glas (61) weds Dieter Hermann in Munich Palace
  • 2007-09-08 Duchess Maria-Anna Henriette Gabrielle Julie in Bavaria (32) weds investment banker Klaus Runow near Munich, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 1886-06-13 King Ludwig II of Bavaria, Builder of palace of Neuschwanstein, patron of Wagner, found dead in Lake Starnberg, near Munich at 11:30 PM at 40
  • 1952-06-12 Michael von Faulhaber, Cardinal/archbishop of Munich, dies at 83
  • 1979-01-22 Ali Hassan Salameh, [Abu Hassan], killed by car bomb; believed to have helped mastermind massacre of 1972 Munich Olympics athletes