Munich in History

Bavaria: Nuremberg

Historical Events

  • 1285-10-12 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany and are set on fire

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1781-01-29 Mozart's opera "Idomeneo" premieres in Munich

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1852-03-25 Friedrich Hebbel's "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich
  • 1865-06-10 Wagner's "Tristan und Isolde" 1st performance Munich, Germany
  • 1868-06-21 Wagner's opera "Meistersinger von Nuernberg" premieres in Munich

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1869-09-22 Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • 1870-06-25 Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich)
  • 1870-06-26 Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877-09-22 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he speaks against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1903-11-27 Opera "Die Heugierigen Frauen" is produced (Munich)
  • 1905-02-18 Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben" premieres in Munich
  • 1906-03-19 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich
  • 1909-01-22 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • 1909-11-04 Opera "Il Segreto di Susanna" is produced (Munich)
  • 1910-09-12 Gustav Mahler's 8th Symphony premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians
  • 1911-11-20 Gustav Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" (Song of the Earth) premieres in Munich
  • 1911-12-23 Frank Wedekind's "Oaha, die Satire der Satire" premieres in Munich
  • 1919-09-01 Frank Wedekind's "Herakles" premieres in Munich
  • 1920-02-24 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • 1922-06-12 German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-11-30 Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1923-10-21 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
  • 1923-11-08 Hitler stages unsuccessful "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich
  • 1923-11-09 Beer Hall Putsch, Munich; Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die, Hitler flees
  • 1924-02-26 Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
  • 1925-02-27 Hitler resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich
  • 1929-08-04 60,000 SA'ers/SS'ers march by Munich
  • 1937-07-19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • 1937-11-08 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-17 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1938-09-23 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich
  • 1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany
  • 1938-10-01 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • 1939-11-08 Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich
  • 1940-11-08 RAF bombs Munich, Hitler promises "an attack on the capital of the Nazi movement would not go unpunished."
  • 1942-08-05 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • 1942-09-29 French Government in exile of De Gaulle cancels agreement of Munich
  • 1942-11-08 Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall
  • 1943-02-16 Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
  • 1943-02-18 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • 1944-07-19 500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
  • 1952-03-26 F Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich
  • 1957-08-11 Paul Hindemith's opera "Harmonie der Welt" premieres in Munich
  • 1958-02-06 21 dead in air crash in Munich; 7 of those are from the Manchester United football team
  • 1961-11-28 Martin Walser's "Der Abstecher" premieres in Munich
  • 1969-07-07 German newspaper Der Spiegel reveals Bishop Defregger of Munich is a war criminal
  • 1972-06-24 Danie Malan, South African athlete, sets a new world record in the 1000m event in Munich
  • 1972-08-26 20th Olympic games open at Munich German FR
  • 1972-09-05 11 Israeli athletes taken hostage and later killed by Palestinian Black September group at the Munich Olympics
  • 1972-09-06 Summer Olympics resume in Munich Germany after massacre
  • 1972-09-10 20th Olympic games close at Munich, German FR

  • 1974-05-17 18th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Atletico Madrid 4-0 at Brussels
  • 1974-07-07 FIFA World Cup: West Germany beats the Netherlands 2-1 for football's 10th World Cup in Munich
  • 1975-05-28 19th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Leeds United 2-0 at Paris
  • 1975-06-08 2 passenger trains collided near Munich, Germany killing 35
  • 1976-05-12 20th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Saint-Etienne 1-0 at Glasgow

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1976-05-24 Muhammad Ali TKOs Richard Dunn in 5 for heavyweight boxing title in Munich

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1977-01-11 France releases Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in massacre of Israeli athletes at 1972 Munich Olympics
  • 1977-01-12 Anti-French demonstrations takes place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes
  • 1979-05-30 23rd European Cup: Nottingham Forest beats Malmo FF 1-0 at Munich
  • 1980-09-26 Bomb attack on Octoberfest in Munich, 12 killed
  • 1982-05-26 26th European Cup: Aston Villa beats Bayern Munich 1-0 at Rotterdam
  • 1983-04-23 28th Eurovision Song Contest: Corinne Hermes for Luxembourg wins singing "Si la vie est cadeau" in Munich
  • 1985-12-22 74th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Germany in Munich (3-2)
  • 1987-05-27 31st European Cup: Porto beats Bayern Munich 2-1 at Vienna
  • 1988-06-25 UEFA European Championship: Netherlands defeat Soviet Union 2-0 in Munich
  • 1991-03-14 Ice Dance Championship at Munich won by Isabel & Phil Duchesnay (FRA)
  • 1991-03-14 Ice Pairs Championship at Munich won by N Mishkutenok & A Dmitriev
  • 1991-03-14 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
  • 1991-03-16 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Munich won by Kristi Yamaguchi
  • 1993-05-26 1st UEFA Champions League Final: Marseille beats Milan 1-0 at Munich
  • 1997-05-28 5th UEFA Champions League Final: Borussia Dortmund beats Juventus 3-1 at Munich
  • 1999-05-26 7th UEFA Champions League Final: Manchester United beats Bayern Munich 2-1 at Barcelona
  • 2001-05-23 9th UEFA Champions League Final: Bayern Munich beats Valencia (1-1, 5-4 on penalties) at Milan
  • 2010-05-22 18th UEFA Champions League Final: Internazionale beats Bayern Munich 2-0 at Madrid
  • 2012-05-19 20th UEFA Champions League Final: Chelsea beats Bayern Munich (1-1, 4-3 on penalties) at Munich
  • 2013-04-06 Bayern Munich win their 23rd German Bundesliga title with 6 games to spare
  • 2013-05-11 Bayern Munich set a new  Bundesliga points record of 91
  • 2013-05-25 21st UEFA Champions League Final: Bayern Munich beats Borussia Dortmund 2-1 at London
  • 2013-06-01 Bayern Munich defeat VfB Stuttgart 3-2 to win the DFB-Pokal to become the first German treble-winning team
  • 2014-05-17 Bayern Munich defeats Borussia Dortmund to win the 2013–14 DFB-Pokal
  • 2015-04-26 FC Bayern Munich wins the 2014–15 Bundesliga for a 25th time

Famous Birthdays

  • 1621-10-08 Maximilian Henry of Bayern, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Bishop of Hildesheim and Bishop of Liège, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1688)
  • 1808-08-30 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • 1839-03-17 Josef Rheinberger, Vaduz Liechtenstein, opera composer (Munich Conser)
  • 1845-08-25 Ludwig II, Mad king of Bavaria (1864-86), born in Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany (d. 1886)
  • 1856-02-15 Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist who developed a classification system for mental illness, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1860-05-31 Walter Richard Sickert Munich, Danish/English painter (The Miner)
  • 1864-06-11 Richard Georg Strauss, composer (Don Quixote), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1869-03-05 Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal/archbishop of Munich
  • 1873-12-18 Adolf Vogl, German composer, born in Munich (d. 1961)
  • 1874-08-22 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1875-02-02 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • 1875-12-02 Frank Reicher, German-American actor (King Kong, Son of Kong), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1965)

Person of interestHans Fischer

1881-07-27 Hans Fischer, German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), born in Hoechst, Germany (d. 1945)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1891-05-22 Johannes R. Becher, German writer and politician, born in Munich (d. 1958)
  • 1895-01-24 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • 1895-07-10 Carl Orff, composer (Antigonae; Mozart prize 1969), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1897-07-05 Paul Ben-Haim, [Frankenburger], Israeli composer, born in Munich. Germany
  • 1906-11-10 Josef Kramer, German concentration camp Commandant dubbed "The Beast of Belsen", born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1912-02-06 Eva Braun, mistress and wife of Adolf Hitler, born Munich Germany
  • 1915-08-25 Walter Trampler, American violist (Beaux Arts Trio), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1915-09-06 Franz Josef Strauss, German politician, Minister of Defense (1956-62), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1988)
  • 1920-10-08 Maxi Herber, German figure skater pairs (Olympic gold 1936), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2006)
  • 1922-04-09 Carl Amery [Christian Anton Mayer], German writer, born in Munich (d. 2005)
  • 1923-08-26 Wolfgang Sawallisch, conductor (Vienna Symph 1960-70), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1925-01-13 Rosemary Murphy, American actress (Margaret-Lucas Tanner), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2014)
  • 1928-11-14 Leonie Rysanek, dramatic soprano (Vienna Munich State Opera 1952-54)
  • 1937-02-20 Robert Huber, biochemist (Nobel 1988), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1938-11-23 Herbert Achternbusch, actor (Hedes, Mix Wix, Wohin), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1942-01-23 Willy Bogner Jr, Munich, director (On Her Majesty's Secret Service)
  • 1942-09-05 Werner Herzog, German director (Burden of Dreams, Stroszek, Woyzeck), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1947-10-31 Frank Shorter, American marathoner (Olympic gold/silver-72, 76), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1949-01-11 Tom Netherton, singer (Lawrence Welk Show), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1952-10-21 Brent Mydland, American rock keyboardist and vocalist (Grateful Dead), born in Munich,Germany

Person of interestSylvia Hanika

1959-11-30 Sylvia Hanika, German tennis player (Avon-1982), born in Munich, West Germany

Tennis Player Sylvia Hanika
Tennis Player
Sylvia Hanika
  • 1960-07-17 Jan Wouters, Dutch soccer star (Ajax, Bayern Munich, PSV)
  • 1961-06-08 Ursula Buchfellner, German model, playmate (Oct, 1979) and actress (Bloodline), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1962-05-20 Sylvie Rauch, Munich German FR, nude model/actress
  • 1963-05-29 Tracey E Bregman, actress (Lauren-Bold & Beautiful, Days of Our Life), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1963-09-18 Rich Weiss, US slalom single kayaker (Olympic 6th 1996), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1965-12-25 Kathleen Luciano, WPVA volleyballer (Nationals-17th-1993), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1971-09-15 Wayne Ferreira, tennis star (Munich 1995), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1983-06-15 Julia Fischer, German violinist and pianist, born in Munich, Germany
  • 1986-03-27 Manuel Neuer, German football player (Bayern Munich, German national team), born in Gelsenkirchen, West Germany
  • 1988-08-21 Robert Lewandowski, Polish football player (Bayern Munich, Polish national team), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1989-09-13 Thomas Müller, German football player (Bayern Munich, German national team), born in Weilheim in Oberbayern, West Germany
  • 1991-07-12 James Rodríguez, Colombian footballer (Bayern Munich, Real Madrid, Colombia national team), born in Cúcuta, Colombia

Famous Weddings

  • 1810-10-12 First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.

HeartWedding of Interest

1905-02-11 Novelist Thomas Mann (29) weds Katia Pringsheim (21) in Munich, Germany

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • 2005-10-22 German film and television actress Uschi Glas (61) weds Dieter Hermann in Munich Palace
  • 2007-09-08 Duchess Maria-Anna Henriette Gabrielle Julie in Bavaria (32) weds investment banker Klaus Runow near Munich, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 1952-06-12 Michael von Faulhaber, Cardinal/archbishop of Munich, dies at 83
  • 1979-01-22 Ali Hassan Salameh, [Abu Hassan], killed by car bomb; believed to have helped mastermind massacre of 1972 Munich Olympics athletes