Nuremberg in History

Bavaria: Munich

Historical Events


Historic DiscoveryBlack Death

1349-12-05 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacred during Black Death riots
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Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
  • 1493-12-23 Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1532-07-23 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1632-09-03 Battle of Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beats Sweden
  • 1690-01-14 The musical instrument, the clarinet is invented in Nürnberg, Germany
  • 1828-05-26 Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg
  • 1914-08-02 German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg
  • 1920-11-15 Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen" premieres in Nuremberg
  • 1922-09-24 Nuremberg fusion congress USDP-SPD; picks Karl Kautsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923-05-01 Adolf Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933-07-20 Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets

Film release premierFilm Release

1935-03-28 Influential Nazi Propaganda film "Triumph of the Will" released showing Nuremberg rallies, commissioned by Adolf Hitler and directed by Leni Riefenstahl

Film director Leni Riefenstahl
Film director
Leni Riefenstahl
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935-09-15 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany
  • 1938-11-17 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • 1943-03-08 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • 1944-03-30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1945-01-02 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • 1945-04-14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945-04-16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945-04-20 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1945-04-21 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

1945-08-08 US, USSR, Britain and France sign Treaty of London which sets down procedures for the Nuremberg war trials of Nazi leaders
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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-11-20 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers

Nazi Minister of Armaments and War Production Albert Speer
Nazi Minister of Armaments and War Production
Albert Speer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-09-30 22 Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
Nazi Minister of Armaments and War Production Albert Speer
Nazi Minister of Armaments and War Production
Albert Speer
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1946-10-01 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg

BattleExecution

1946-10-16 10 Nazi leaders are hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg war trials, including Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Alfred Jodl

Nazi Leader Alfred Jodl
Nazi Leader
Alfred Jodl
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • 1949-04-14 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • 1967-05-31 Bayern Munchen of West Germany wins 7th European Cup Winner's Cup against Rangers of Scotland 1-0 in Nuremberg
  • 1974-02-02 Playmobil toys debut at the Nuremberg Toy Fair, designed by Hans Beck and produced by the Brandstätter Group

Famous Birthdays

  • 1368-02-15 Sigismund, Holy Roman emperor (1410-37), born in Nuremberg, Kingdom of Germany (d. 1437)
  • 1372-09-21 Frederick I van Hohenzollern, Monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40), born in Free Imperial City of Nuremberg (d. 1440)
  • 1440-02-13 Hartmann Schedel, German physician, humanist and historian, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1514)
  • 1459-10-06 Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1507)
  • 1468-02-14 Johann Werner, German mathematician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1522)
  • 1494-11-05 Hans Sachs, German composer, playwright, and shoemaker, born in Nürnberg (d. 1576)
  • 1502-04-25 Georg Major, German Protestant theologian, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1574)
  • 1534-11-05 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog) and physician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1598)
  • 1534-12-15 Lucas Osiander, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1604)
  • 1562-08-27 Hans Leo Hassler, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1612)
  • 1569-11-16 Paul Sartorius, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1609)
  • 1569-12-18 Jakob Hassler, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1622)
  • 1574-01-09 Christoph Buel, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1631)
  • 1578-05-30 Valentin Dretzel, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1658)
  • 1581-07-02 Johann Staden, German baroque composer, probably born in Nuremberg (d. 1634) baptismal date
  • 1607-11-01 Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, German poet and translator, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1658)
  • 1616-03-29 Johann Erasmus Kindermann, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1655)
  • 1626-04-12 Paul Hainlein, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1686)
  • 1645-11-21 Johann Löhner, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1705)
  • 1652-01-01 Johann Krieger, German composer and organist, born in Nuremberg (d. 1735)

Person of interestJohann Pachelbel

1653-09-01 Johann Pachelbel, German composer (Canon in D), born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1706)

  • 1653-09-20 Benedict Schultheiss, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1693)
  • 1661-01-05 Jacob Balthasar Schutz, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1700)
  • 1670-02-14 Georg Gabriel Schutz, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1716)
  • 1684-03-26 Johann Graf, German composer, born in Nürnberg (d. 1750)
  • 1684-10-05 Johann Jacob de Neufville, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1712)
  • 1705-02-06 Johann Matthias Leffloth, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1731)
  • 1705-04-20 Balthasar Schmid, German composer and printer, born in Nuremberg, Bavaria (d. 1749)
  • 1756-03-18 Johann Christoph Vogel, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1802-10-07 Wilhelm Bernhard Molique, German violinist and composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1884-12-01 Torben Myer, Danish actor (Girl Who Came Back, Judgment at Nuremberg, Sullivan's Travels), born in Århus, Denmark (d. 1975)
  • 1890-10-29 Claire Goll, German-French writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1977)
  • 1899-08-19 Kenneth MacKenna, American actor and director (Judgment at Nuremberg, Those We Love), born in Canterbury, New Hampshire (d. 1962)

Person of interestHans Frank

1900-05-23 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire (d. 1946)

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
  • 1902-01-12 Ray Teal, American actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, Bonanza), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1976)
  • 1911-06-07 Franz Reizenstein, German-British composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1914-12-26 Richard Widmark, American actor (Madigan, Murder on the Orient Express, Judgement at Nuremberg), born in Sunrise Township, Minnesota (d. 2008)
  • 1916-01-23 Airey Neave, British soldier & politician, born in Knightsbridge, London (d. 1979)
  • 1918-11-08 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer ( Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)
  • 1920-03-22 Werner Klemperer, German-American actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, Hogan's Heroes), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1923-12-22 Heinz Bernhard [Löwenstein], German-born British actor and director (Oliver!, Fiddler on the Roof), born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1928-04-12 Uwe Kitzinger, President (Templeton College, Oxford), born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1937-05-02 Gisela Elsner, German writer (Die Riesenzwerge, Rowohlt), born in Nuremberg, Middle Franconia (d. 1992)
  • 1946-06-20 Andre Watts, Nuremberg Germany, concert pianist (Oberon)
  • 1967-08-18 Julie Kristen Smith, American actress (Showgirls), born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1982-01-07 Hannah Stockbauer, German swimmer, born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1986-05-13 Giuliana Marino, German model, Playboy Playmate (Apr 2005, Playmate of the Year 2006), born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1989-04-23 Nicole Vaidišová, Czech tennis player, born in Nuremberg, West Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 1945-10-06 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician, dies by hanging himself while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg at 45

BattleHans Frank

1946-10-16 Hans Frank, German Nazi Governor General of Occupied Poland, hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg war trials at 46

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank

BattleWilhelm Keitel

1946-10-16 Wilhelm Keitel, Nazi Military Leader (head of the German High Command), is hanged at Nuremberg at 64

German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • 1962-01-15 Kenneth MacKenna, American actor and director (Judgment at Nuremberg, Those We Love), dies of cancer at 62
  • 1975-05-22 Torben Myer, Danish actor (Girl Who Came Back, Judgment at Nuremberg, Sullivan's Travels), dies at 90
  • 1976-04-02 Ray Teal, American actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, Bonanza), dies at 74
  • 2000-12-06 Werner Klemperer, German-American actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, Hogan's Heroes), dies of cancer at 80
  • 2003-07-10 Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)
  • 2008-03-24 Richard Widmark, American actor (Madigan, Murder on the Orient Express, Judgement at Nuremberg), dies complications following a fall at 93

Person of interestMaximilian Schell

2014-02-01 Maximilian Schell, Swiss-Austrian actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, The Pedestrian), dies at 83