Nuremberg in History

Bavaria: Munich

Historical Events

  • 1493-12-23 Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.

Historic Event

1532-07-23 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg

  • 1632-09-03 Battle of Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beats Sweden
  • 1690-01-14 The musical instrument, the clarinet is invented in Nürnberg, Germany
  • 1828-05-26 Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg
  • 1914-08-02 German press falsely reports that French have bombed Nuremberg
  • 1920-11-15 Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen" premieres in Nuremberg
  • 1922-09-24 Nuremberg fusion congress USDP-SPD; picks Karl Kautsky

Historic Event

1923-05-01 Adolf Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

  • 1933-07-20 Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets

Film Release

1935-03-28 Influential Nazi Propaganda film "Triumph of the Will" released showing Nuremberg rallies, commissioned by Adolf Hitler and directed by Leni Riefenstahl

  • 1935-09-15 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany
  • 1938-11-17 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • 1943-03-08 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • 1944-03-30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1945-01-02 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • 1945-04-14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945-04-16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945-04-20 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1945-04-21 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg

Nuremberg Trials

1945-08-08 US, USSR, Britain and France sign Treaty of London which sets down procedures for the Nuremberg war trials of Nazi leaders

Historic Event

1946-09-30 Twenty-two Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

  • 1946-10-01 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
  • 1949-04-14 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • 1967-05-31 Bayern Munchen of West Germany wins 7th European Cup Winner's Cup against Rangers of Scotland 1-0 in Nuremberg
  • 1974-02-02 Playmobil toys debut at the Nuremberg Toy Fair, designed by Hans Beck and produced by the Brandstätter Group

Famous Birthdays

  • 1368-02-15 Sigismund, Holy Roman emperor (1410-37), born in Nuremberg, Kingdom of Germany (d. 1437)
  • 1372-09-21 Frederick I van Hohenzollern, Monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40), born in Free Imperial City of Nuremberg (d. 1440)
  • 1440-02-13 Hartmann Schedel, German physician, humanist and historian, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1514)
  • 1459-10-06 Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1507)
  • 1468-02-14 Johann Werner, German mathematician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1522)
  • 1494-11-05 Hans Sachs, German composer, playwright, and shoemaker, born in Nürnberg (d. 1576)
  • 1502-04-25 Georg Major, German Protestant theologian, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1574)
  • 1534-11-05 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog) and physician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1598)
  • 1534-12-15 Lucas Osiander, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1604)
  • 1562-08-27 Hans Leo Hassler, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1612)
  • 1569-11-16 Paul Sartorius, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1609)
  • 1569-12-18 Jakob Hassler, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1622)
  • 1574-01-09 Christoph Buel, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1631)
  • 1578-05-30 Valentin Dretzel, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1658)
  • 1581-07-02 Johann Staden, German baroque composer, probably born in Nuremberg (d. 1634) baptismal date
  • 1607-11-01 Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, German poet and translator, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1658)
  • 1616-03-29 Johann Erasmus Kindermann, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1655)
  • 1626-04-12 Paul Hainlein, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1686)
  • 1645-11-21 Johann Löhner, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1705)
  • 1652-01-01 Johann Krieger, German composer and organist, born in Nuremberg (d. 1735)

Johann PachelbelJohann Pachelbel (1653-1706)

1653-09-01 German composer and organist (Canon in D), born in Nuremberg, Germany

  • 1653-09-20 Benedict Schultheiss, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1693)
  • 1661-01-05 Jacob Balthasar Schutz, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1700)
  • 1670-02-14 Georg Gabriel Schutz, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1716)
  • 1684-03-26 Johann Graf, German composer, born in Nürnberg (d. 1750)
  • 1684-10-05 Johann Jacob de Neufville, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1712)
  • 1705-02-06 Johann Matthias Leffloth, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1731)
  • 1705-04-20 Balthasar Schmid, German composer and printer, born in Nuremberg, Bavaria (d. 1749)
  • 1756-03-18 Johann Christoph Vogel, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1802-10-07 Wilhelm Bernhard Molique, German violinist and composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1884-12-01 Torben Myer, Danish actor (Girl Who Came Back, Judgment at Nuremberg, Sullivan's Travels), born in Århus, Denmark (d. 1975)
  • 1890-10-29 Claire Goll, German-French writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1977)
  • 1899-08-19 Kenneth MacKenna, American actor and director (Judgment at Nuremberg, Those We Love), born in Canterbury, New Hampshire (d. 1962)

Hans FrankHans Frank (1900-1946)

1900-05-23 German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire

  • 1902-01-12 Ray Teal, American actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, Bonanza), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1976)
  • 1911-06-07 Franz Reizenstein, German-British pianist, composer (Concerto Popolare), and educator, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1914-12-26 Richard Widmark, American actor (Madigan, Murder on the Orient Express, Judgement at Nuremberg), born in Sunrise Township, Minnesota (d. 2008)
  • 1916-01-23 Airey Neave, British soldier & politician, born in Knightsbridge, London (d. 1979)
  • 1918-11-08 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer (Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)
  • 1920-03-22 Werner Klemperer, German-American Emmy Award-winning stage and screen actor (Judgment at Nuremberg; Hogan's Heroes - "Col. Klink"), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1923-12-22 Heinz Bernhard [Löwenstein], German-born British actor and director (Oliver!, Fiddler on the Roof), born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1928-04-12 Uwe Kitzinger, President (Templeton College, Oxford), born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1937-05-02 Gisela Elsner, German writer (Die Riesenzwerge, Rowohlt), born in Nuremberg, Middle Franconia (d. 1992)
  • 1946-06-20 André Watts, American-Hungarian concert pianist, and educator, born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1967-08-18 Julie Kristen Smith, American actress (Showgirls), born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1982-01-07 Hannah Stockbauer, German swimmer, born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1986-05-13 Giuliana Marino, German model, Playboy Playmate (Apr 2005, Playmate of the Year 2006), born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1989-04-23 Nicole Vaidišová, Czech tennis player, born in Nuremberg, West Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 1945-10-06 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician, dies by hanging himself while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg at 45

Hans FrankHans Frank (1900-1946)

1946-10-16 German Nazi Governor General of Occupied Poland, hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg war trials at 46

Wilhelm KeitelWilhelm Keitel (1882-1946)

1946-10-16 Nazi military leader (head of the German High Command), is hanged at Nuremberg at 64

  • 1962-01-15 Kenneth MacKenna, American actor and director (Judgment at Nuremberg, Those We Love), dies of cancer at 62
  • 1975-05-22 Torben Myer, Danish actor (Girl Who Came Back, Judgment at Nuremberg, Sullivan's Travels), dies at 90
  • 1976-04-02 Ray Teal, American actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, Bonanza), dies at 74
  • 2000-12-06 Werner Klemperer, German-American Emmy Award-winning stage and screen actor (Judgment at Nuremberg; Hogan's Heroes - "Col. Klink"), dies of cancer at 80
  • 2003-07-10 Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)
  • 2008-03-24 Richard Widmark, American actor (Madigan, Murder on the Orient Express, Judgement at Nuremberg), dies complications following a fall at 93

Maximilian SchellMaximilian Schell (1930-2014)

2014-02-01 Swiss-Austrian actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, The Pedestrian), dies at 83