Nuremberg in History

Bavaria: Munich

Historical Events

  • 1349-12-05 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacred during Black Death riots
  • 1493-12-23 Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1532-07-23 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1632-09-03 Battle of Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beats Sweden
  • 1690-01-14 Clarinet invented, in Nurnberg, Germany
  • 1828-05-26 Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg
  • 1914-08-02 German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg
  • 1920-11-15 Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen" premieres in Nuremberg
  • 1922-09-24 Nuremberg fusion congress USDP-SPD; picks Karl Kautsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923-05-01 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933-07-20 Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets
  • 1935-09-15 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany
  • 1938-11-17 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • 1943-03-08 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • 1944-03-30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1945-01-02 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • 1945-04-14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945-04-16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945-04-20 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1945-04-21 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • 1945-08-08 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • 1945-10-20 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials
  • 1945-11-20 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1946-09-30 22 Nazi leaders found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-09-30 Joachim von Ribbentrop & Hermann Goering sentenced to death by Nuremberg trial

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1946-10-01 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
  • 1946-10-16 10 Nazi leaders hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg trials
  • 1946-10-25 1st trial against nazi war criminals in Nuremberg
  • 1949-04-14 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • 1967-05-31 Bayern Munchen of West Germany wins 7th European Cup Winner's Cup against Rangers of Scotland 1-0 in Nuremberg

Famous Birthdays

  • 1459-10-06 Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1507)
  • 1534-12-15 Lucas Osiander, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1604)
  • 1569-11-16 Paul Sartorius, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1609)
  • 1569-12-18 Jakob Hassler, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1622)
  • 1574-01-09 Christoph Buel, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1631)
  • 1581-07-02 Johann Staden, German baroque composer, probably born in Nuremberg (d. 1634) baptismal date
  • 1626-04-12 Paul Hainlein, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1686)
  • 1652-01-01 Johann Krieger, German composer and organist, born in Nuremberg (d. 1735)

Person of interestJohann Pachelbel

1653-09-01 Johann Pachelbel, German composer (Canon in D), born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1706)

  • 1684-03-26 Johann Graf, German composer, born in N├╝rnberg (d. 1750)
  • 1756-03-18 Johann Christoph Vogel, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1890-10-29 Claire Goll, German-French writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1977)
  • 1914-12-26 Richard Widmark, American actor (Madigan, Murder on the Orient Express, Judgement at Nuremberg), born in Sunrise Township, Minnesota (d. 2008)
  • 1916-01-23 Airey Neave, British Major, politician and indictment server at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1979)
  • 1918-11-08 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer ( Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)
  • 1937-05-02 Gisela Elsner, German writer (Die Riesenzwerge, Rowohlt), born in Nuremberg, Middle Franconia (d. 1992)
  • 1946-06-20 Andre Watts, Nuremberg Germany, concert pianist (Oberon)

Famous Deaths

  • 1945-10-06 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician, dies by hanging himself while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg at 45

Person of interestWilhelm Keitel

1946-10-16 Wilhelm Keitel, Nazi military leader (head of the German High Command), is hanged at Nuremberg at 64

German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • 2003-07-10 Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)

Person of interestMaximilian Schell

2014-02-01 Maximilian Schell, Swiss-Austrian actor (Judgment at Nuremberg, The Pedestrian), dies at 83