Berlin in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 266

  • 1510-07-19 38 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin, Prussia
  • 1732-12-13 Prussia joins Austria and Russia in signing the Treaty of Berlin, a secret treaty regarding succession to the Polish throne

Historic Event

1741-06-19 Russian mathematician Leonhard Euler leaves St. Petersburg for a position at the Berlin Academy, offered to him by Frederick the Great of Prussia

  • 1757-10-16 Austrian troops occupy Berlin
  • 1760-09-28 Russian & Austrian armies occupy Berlin
  • 1760-10-02 Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin [NS=10/13]
  • 1760-10-09 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1760-10-13 Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin
  • 1806-10-27 The French Army enters in Berlin

Historic Event

1806-11-21 Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with Britain

  • 1817-03-02 1st Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin, Pennsylvania

Music Concert

1818-10-24 Felix Mendelssohn, aged 9, performs his first public concert in Berlin

Music Premiere

1821-06-18 Carl Maria von Weber's opera "Der Freischutz" ("The Marksman") premieres at Schauspielhaus, Berlin, Germany

  • 1829-03-11 Johann Sebastian Bach's "St Matthew Passion" is revived by Felix Mendelssohn, aged 20, conducting in Berlin
  • 1833-01-10 Felix Mendelssohn's cantata "Die erste Walpurgisnacht" premieres in Berlin
  • 1840-07-06 Christian Hebbel's "Judith" premieres in Berlin
  • 1876-01-01 The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
  • 1878-06-13 Congress of Berlin begins, determines the territories of the states in the Balkan peninsula following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78
  • 1878-07-13 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • 1879-05-31 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
  • 1881-05-16 World's 1st electric tram enters service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)
  • 1882-01-15 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)

Historic Event

1882-04-29 The "Elektromote" - forerunner of the trolleybus - is tested by Werner von Siemens in Berlin

  • 1884-11-15 European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin Conference, formalizing European powers "Scramble for Africa"
  • 1885-02-26 Berlin Conference gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to Great Britain
  • 1886-04-06 Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga

Theater Premiere

1889-10-20 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Vor Sonnenaufgang" (Before Dawn) premieres in Berlin to a scandalous reception

  • 1889-11-27 Hermann Sudermann's "Ehre" premieres in Berlin
  • 1893-01-07 Hermann Sudermanns' play "Heimat" premieres in Berlin

Theater Premiere

1893-01-19 Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin

  • 1893-06-01 Opera "Falstaff" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1893-11-14 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Hanneles Himmelfahrt" premieres in Berlin
  • 1895-03-04 Gustav Mahler conducts the premiere of his incomplete 2nd Symphony ("Resurrection") in Berlin, Germany, with the Berlin Philharmonic; complete version debuts in December
  • 1896-12-02 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin
  • 1897-03-09 Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony, in Berlin, Germany

Historic Event

1897-05-15 The Scientific-Humanitarian Committee is founded in Berlin by Magnus Hirschfeld, the first-ever LGBT rights organization

Theater Premiere

1899-12-10 Frank Wedekind's play "Der Kammersänger" premieres in Berlin

  • 1900-01-03 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin
  • 1900-12-07 Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body radiation.
  • 1900-12-21 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Michael Kramer" premieres in Berlin
  • 1901-11-27 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der rote Hahn" premieres in Berlin
  • 1902-02-01 Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben" premieres in Berlin
  • 1902-02-15 Berlin U-Bahn (Underground railway) opened
  • 1902-03-18 Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • 1902-12-17 Frank Wedekind's play "Der Erdgeist" premieres in Berlin
  • 1905-03-04 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Elga" premieres in Berlin
  • 1906-01-19 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin
  • 1906-03-31 GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin
  • 1906-11-03 International Radiotelegraph Conference in Berlin selects "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal as the worldwide standard for help
  • 1907-02-21 SS Berlin sinks off the Hook of Holland (142 dead)
  • 1909-03-21 Moran & MacFarland (US) wins Europe's 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)
  • 1911-01-13 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die Ratten" (The Rats) premieres in Berlin
  • 1911-12-23 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's opera "I Gioielli Della Madonna" premieres at the Kurfürstenoper in Berlin, Germany, sung in German as "Der Schmuck der Madonna"
  • 1912-02-08 British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength
  • 1912-04-29 Frank Wedekind's play "Tod und Teufel" premieres in Berlin

Music History

1912-10-16 Arnold Schoenberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres at the Berlin Choralion-Saal sung by Albertine Zehme

Music Concert

1912-11-07 The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven's Fidelio

  • 1914-01-17 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der Bogen des Odysseus" premieres in Berlin
  • 1915-03-19 VI Summer (Modern) Olympic Games: IOC President Pierre de Coubertin writes to Associated Press indicating 1916 Berlin Games won't take place because of WWI

Music Premiere

1915-10-28 Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin

Music Premiere

1915-12-25 Irving Berlin & Harry B Smith's musical revue "Stop! Look! Listen!" premieres at the Globe Theater, NYC; runs for 105 performances

  • 1916-01-27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • 1916-08-23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • 1916-11-16 I. Berlin, V. Herbert, H. Blossoms musical premieres in NYC
  • 1918-01-28 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • 1918-03-03 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • 1918-12-17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • 1919-01-05 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • 1919-07-06 Institute for Sexual Science opened in Berlin by physician Magnus Hirschfeld to establish study of sexual science
  • 1919-08-30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • 1921-08-05 Treaty of Berlin: US and Germany sign separate peace treaty

Film Premiere

1922-03-04 1st vampire film "Nosferatu", an un-authorized adaptation of Bram Stoker's Dracula, premieres at the Berlin Zoological Garden, Germany

  • 1922-04-27 Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
  • 1923-02-25 Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 marks

Historic Event

1923-04-10 Adolf Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin, Germany

Historic Event

1923-07-29 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

  • 1923-10-24 General Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship

1st Winter Olympics

1924-02-04 Jacob Tullin Thams of Norway wins ski jumping gold at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; in 1936 he earns a silver medal in sailing at Berlin Summer Games

  • 1925-01-14 Alban Berg's atonale opera "Wozzeck" premieres in Berlin
  • 1925-02-01 1st national conference of KPD's Rotfrontkämpferbund in Berlin
  • 1927-01-10 Fritz Lang's silent film "Metropolis" premieres in Berlin
  • 1927-03-19 Bloody battles between communists & Nazis in Berlin

Music Premiere

1927-05-05 Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st Symphony premieres in Berlin

  • 1927-05-13 "Black Friday" on Berlin Stock Exchange

Historic Event

1928-01-23 A stage version of the Czech novel "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" produced and directed by Erwin Piscator with the help of Bertolt Brecht premieres in Berlin

  • 1928-03-05 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick" premieres in Berlin

World Record

1928-10-01 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs 15k world record 46:49.6 and 10 miles 50:15.0 in Berlin, Germany

  • 1929-01-31 Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin
  • 1929-05-01 Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin
  • 1930-11-08 Friedrich Wolf's "Die Matrosen von Cattaro" premieres in Berlin
  • 1931-03-20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • 1931-05-11 "M" Fritz Lang's first sound film starring Peter Lorre premieres in Berlin
  • 1933-02-02 Ucicky's "Rotten Morning" premieres in Berlin
  • 1933-02-03 Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
  • 1933-02-07 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead
  • 1933-02-15 Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin
  • 1933-02-24 Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin

Reichstag Fire

1933-02-28 On Adolf Hitler's advice, German President Paul von Hindenburg signs the Reichstag Fire Decree after the building is destroyed by fire in Berlin; this eliminates many civil liberties in Germany

  • 1933-03-09 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 297

  • 1487-08-27 Anna of Brandenburg, Queen of Denmark, born in Berlin (d. 1514)
  • 1606-12-20 Christoph Schultze, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1683)
  • 1632-05-08 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin, born in Mierzęcin, Poland (d. 1706)
  • 1688-08-14 Frederik Willem I, King of Prussia (bodyguard of giants), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1740)

Frederick the Great

1712-01-24 Frederick the Great, King of Prussia (1740-86), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1786)

  • 1720-07-24 Louise Ulrike, Queen of Sweden and wife of Adolf Frederik, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1782)
  • 1722-08-09 Augustus William, Prince of Prussia, born in Stadtschloss, Berlin, Prussia (d. 1758)
  • 1744-09-25 Frederick Willem II, King of Prussia (1786-97), born in Berlin Palace, Berlin (d. 1797)
  • 1751-02-18 Karl Haack, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1819)
  • 1751-08-07 Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange (1767-1806), born in Berlin (d. 1820)
  • 1753-04-28 Franz K. Achard, German physicist and chemist, born in Berlin (d. 1821)
  • 1758-12-11 Carl Friedrich Zelter, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1761-04-20 Johann Gottlieb Karl Spazier, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1805)
  • 1763-10-24 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (Florentin), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1839)
  • 1765-10-22 Daniel Steibelt, German pianist and composer, born in Berlin (d. 1823)
  • 1771-05-19 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German literary hostess, born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1833)
  • 1773-05-31 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1853)
  • 1773-07-13 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies about Art), born in Berlin (d. 1798)
  • 1774-01-24 Karl Moser, German composer and violinist, born in Berlin (1851)
  • 1779-04-11 Louise Reichardt, German composer, born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1826)
  • 1781-11-03 Johann Ernst Friedrich Wollank, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1831)
  • 1787-02-23 Emma Willard, American women's rights activist and educator who founded the 1st school for women's higher education in the US, born in Berlin, Connecticut (d. 1870)
  • 1788-09-06 Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), born in Berlin (d. 1862)
  • 1791-09-05 Giacomo Meyerbeer, German opera composer (Gott und die Natur - God and Nature), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1864)
  • 1794-05-29 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. with Wilhelm Beer), born in Berlin (d. 1874)
  • 1795-10-15 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) and Germany (1849-61), born in Berlin (d. 1861)
  • 1797-02-22 William I, King of Prussia (1861-88) and the 1st German Emperor (1871-88), born in Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1797-02-28 Frederick, prince of Netherlands, general and admiral (10 day campaign), born in Berlin (d. 1881)
  • 1799-04-13 Ludwig Rellstab, German music theorist, born in Berlin (d. 1860)
  • 1800-11-06 Eduard Grell, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1886)
  • 1802-05-06 Wilhelm Schirmer, German landscape artist, born in Berlin (d. 1866)
  • 1805-06-21 Karl Friedrich Curschmann, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1841)
  • 1810-03-27 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, born in Berlin (d. 1876)
  • 1810-05-09 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau and daughter of King Willem I, born in Berlin (d. 1883)
  • 1818-11-07 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1819-06-27 Carl Albert Löschhorn, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1819-07-06 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German physician and physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1821-06-27 August Conradi, German organist and composer, born in Berlin (d. 1873)
  • 1823-04-16 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • 1825-10-15 Marie of Prussia, Queen consort of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Berlin City Palace, Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1827-03-08 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), born in Berlin (d. 1875)
  • 1827-06-13 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1882)
  • 1827-09-08 Emil Naumann, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1888)
  • 1828-10-03 Woldemar Bargiel, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1897)
  • 1829-09-06 Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1835-10-31 Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), born in Berlin (d. 1917)
  • 1836-05-28 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist and son of Eilhard Mitscherlich, born in Berlin (d. 1918)
  • 1837-08-27 Heinrich Urban, German violinist and composer, born in Berlin (d. 1901)
  • 1838-12-11 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), born in Berlin (d. 1915)
  • 1840-03-26 Carli Zoeller, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1889)
  • 1841-05-11 Ernst von Possart, German actor and theatre director (Bayerische Hoftheater), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1921)
  • 1843-01-08 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843-09-25 Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin, American geologist and educator, born in Mattoon, Illinois (d. 1928)
  • 1849-10-26 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), born in Charlotteburg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1854-10-31 Adolf Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), born in Berlin (d. 1937)
  • 1855-09-06 Ferdinand Hummel, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1928)
  • 1855-10-12 Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), born in Mosonszentmiklós, Hungary (d. 1922)

Wilhelm II

1859-01-27 Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), born in Berlin (d. 1941)

  • 1862-07-03 Friedrich Ernst Koch, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1927)
  • 1863-03-21 Hugo Kaun, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1932)
  • 1863-10-05 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • 1866-11-07 Paul Lincke, German composer and theater conductor considered the "father" of the Berlin operetta (Frau Luna, Lysistrata), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1869-04-30 Hans Poelzig, German architect (Grosses Schauspielhaus), born in Berlin (d. 1936)
  • 1871-04-29 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1871-08-01 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • 1872-11-03 Paul Panzer, German-American silent film actor (The Perils of Pauline, Mildred Pierce, Hotel Berlin), born in Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1873-01-06 Karl Straube, German organist & conductor, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1950)
  • 1873-06-29 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1874-11-13 Henry Kolker, German-American actor and director (Holiday, Baby Face, Mad Love), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1876-09-15 Bruno Walter, German-French opera and symphony conductor (Vienna Philharmonic; NY Philharmonic), born in Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1878-04-08 Rudolf Nelson, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1960)

Gustav Stresemann

1878-05-10 Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (1923) who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1929)

  • 1879-02-06 Carl Ramsauer, German physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1879)
  • 1879-09-06 Max Schreck, German actor (Count Orlok-Nosferatu), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1936)

Alfred Wegener

1880-11-01 Alfred Wegener, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist (continental drift), born in Berlin (d. 1930)

  • 1881-06-29 Curt Sachs, German musicologist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1959)
  • 1881-07-12 Ludwig Rubiner, German poet and essayist, born in Berlin (d. 1920)
  • 1881-10-04 Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1882-04-14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1882-06-27 Eduard Spranger, German psychologist and educator, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1883-05-18 Walter Gropius, German architect (founder of the Bauhaus school), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1885-03-10 Hans Luther, German politician and German Chancellor (1925-6), born in Berlin (d. 1962)
  • 1885-08-17 Kurt Hiller, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1972)
  • 1885-11-08 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1886-01-25 Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (Berlin Philharmonic, 1922-45, 1952-54), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1954)
  • 1886-04-28 Erich Salomon, German photographer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1887-05-27 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), born in Berlin (d. 1942)
  • 1887-10-05 Max Ackermann, German "entartet" painter, born in Berlin (d. 1975)
  • 1887-11-01 Max Trapp, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1971)
  • 1888-01-23 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • 1888-04-15 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet, born in Berlin (d. 1904)
  • 1888-10-06 Max Butting, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1976)
  • 1889-08-23 Alfred Lichtenstein, German writer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1890-09-06 Manfred Gurlitt, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1891-06-21 Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (Nature of Music), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1966)

Nelly Sachs

1891-12-10 leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German Swedish poet and Playwright (O the Chimneys - Nobel Prize for Literature 1966), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1970)

  • 1892-01-29 Ernst Lubitsch, German actor, producer and film director (To Be or Not to Be, Love Parade), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1893-03-31 Clemens Krauss, conductor (Berlin State Orch-1937), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1893-07-26 George Grosz, German cartoonist and painter (Gott mit uns), born in Berlin (d. 1959)

Famous Weddings

Marlene Dietrich

1923-05-17 Actress and singer Marlene Dietrich (21) weds assistant director Rudolf Sieber (26) in Berlin, Germany

Vladimir Nabokov

1925-04-15 Russian writer ("Lolita") Vladimir Nabokov (26) marries fellow Russian writer Vera Evseevna Slonim (23) in Berlin

Hermann Goering

1935-04-10 Nazi politician Hermann Goering (42) weds Emmy Sonnemann (42) in Berlin

Adolf Hitler

1945-04-29 Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the Führerbunker, Berlin


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Famous Deaths

  • 1706-03-01 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin, dies at 73
  • 1922-01-23 Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), dies at 66
  • 1933-03-25 Eric Jan Hanussen [Hermann Steinschneider], Austrian astrologist, clairvoyant, illusionist, and speaking tutor to Hitler, murdered at 43
  • 1934-01-10 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
  • 1946-09-03 Paul Lincke, German composer and theater conductor considered the "father" of the Berlin operetta (Frau Luna, Lysistrata), dies at 79
  • 1958-08-16 Paul Panzer, German-American silent film actor (The Perils of Pauline, Mildred Pierce, Hotel Berlin), dies at 85
  • 1960-12-26 Eduard Ludwig, German architect (Hansa quarter, Berlin), dies at 54
  • 1962-01-03 Hermann Lux, German soccer defender (3 caps; manager Tennis Borussia Berlin), dies at 68
  • 1962-08-17 Peter Fechter, East German bricklayer who was shot trying to cross the Berlin Wall at 18
  • 1966-05-24 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), dies at 80
  • 1972-11-25 Hans Scharoun, German architect (Berlin Philharmonic), dies at 79

Georgy Zhukov

1974-06-18 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, dies at 77

  • 1979-06-28 Paul Dessau, German composer and conductor (Adventures of Casanova; Never Trust a Woman), dies at 84
  • 1988-07-29 Ellin Berlin (née MacKay), American writer (Lace Curtain), and second wife of songwriter Irving Berlin, dies at 86
  • 1988-09-30 Joachim Prinz, German-American Zionist leader, author and Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), dies at 86
  • 1989-07-16 Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (Berlin Philharmonic, 1955-89), dies of a heart attack at 81
  • 1991-03-23 Mona Maris, actress (Camila, Berlin Correspondent), dies at 88
  • 1993-05-18 Heinrich Albertz, German theologist & mayor of Berlin (1966-67), dies at 78
  • 1997-11-05 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-British philosopher, dies at 88
  • 2002-04-30 Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b. 1928)
  • 2011-09-18 Kurt Sanderling, German conductor (East Berlin Symphony 1960-77), dies at 98
  • 2020-05-23 Saturn, American-born alligator that escaped Berlin Zoo during WWII, dies at about 84 in Moscow Zoo (Moscow, Russia)