Hamburg in History

Historical Events

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1705-01-08 George Frideric Handel's 1st opera "Almira" premieres in Hamburg

  • 1762-05-22 Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg, reaffirming the status quo that existed before the Seven Years War
  • 1776-02-08 Wolfgang von Goethe's "Stella" premieres in Hamburg
  • 1842-05-05 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1844-12-30 Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)
  • 1858-09-13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1876-07-08 White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg South Carolina, killing 5
  • 1876-07-09 Black landowner murdered in Hamburg South Carolina
  • 1919-03-16 Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg
  • 1919-06-25 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • 1919-07-21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam
  • 1921-04-14 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • 1923-05-26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • 1927-05-14 Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg
  • 1939-05-13 SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jewish fugitives
  • 1940-11-16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1943-06-24 Allies begin 10-day bombing on Hamburg
  • 1943-07-24 Operation Gomorrah begins - RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating firestorm and killing 42,600
  • 1943-07-27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 1943-07-28 World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians
  • 1943-07-29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • 1944-08-27 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • 1960-08-18 The Beatles give their 1st public performance at the Kaiserkeller in Hamburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960-12-01 Paul McCartney and Pete Best arrested then deported from Hamburg, Germany for accusation of attempted arson.

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • 1961-06-22 Beatles record Aint She Sweet, Cry for a Shadow, When the Saints Go Marching In, Why, Nobody's Child & My Bonnie, in Hamburg
  • 1962-02-17 Storm in Hamburg kills 265
  • 1973-03-07 Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek discovered at Hamburg Observatory
  • 1977-04-06 Judge rules Beatles 1962 Hamburg album can be released
  • 1977-05-25 "Beatles Live! At Star-Club in Hamburg Germany" released
  • 1980-05-28 24th European Cup: Nottingham Forest beats Hamburg 1-0 at Madrid
  • 1983-05-25 27th European Cup: Hamburg beats Juventus 1-0 at Athens
  • 2017-07-07 G-20 summit of world leaders begins in Hamburg, Germany amid violent protests

Famous Birthdays

  • 1590-10-05 Johann Schop, German composer and violinist, born in Niedersachsen, Germany (d. 1667) (dates disputed)
  • 1632-07-06 Albert Schop, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1667)
  • 1667-02-17 Georg Bronner, German composer and organist, born in Hamburg (d. 1720) baptismal date
  • 1681-09-28 Johann Mattheson, composer, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1693-08-30 Jacobus Nozeman, Dutch composer and organist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1745)
  • 1694-12-22 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)
  • 1708-04-23 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1754)
  • 1720-08-12 Konrad Ekhof [Hans Konrad Dieterich Eckhof], German actor and director, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1778)
  • 1723-09-11 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1790)
  • 1796-12-29 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1877)
  • 1805-11-14 Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel, German composer, born in Hamburg, (d. 1847)

Person of interestFelix Mendelssohn

1809-02-03 Felix Mendelssohn [Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy], German composer and pianist (Great Scherzos), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1847)

Composer and Pianist Felix Mendelssohn
Composer and Pianist
Felix Mendelssohn
  • 1821-02-16 Heinrich Barth, geographer/explorer (Central Africa), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1833-05-07 Johannes Brahms, German composer and conductor, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1897)
  • 1834-02-09 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • 1835-12-06 Wilhelm Rudolf Fittig, Hamburg, German Chemist (synthesizing organic compounds)
  • 1842-02-22 Carl Rosa, founder (Rosa opera company), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1849-10-16 Arnold Krug, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1904)
  • 1851-04-09 C. E. A. Wichmann, German-Dutch geologist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1855-05-02 Theodore Moses Tobani, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1857-08-15 Albert Ballin, German inventor and shipping tycoon, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1859-03-08 Otto Taubmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1877-10-08 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1878-11-13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1879-02-11 Jean Gilbert [Max Winterfeld], German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1884-10-11 Sig Ruman [Siegfried Albon Rumann], German-American actor (Schultz-Life With Luigi), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1967)
  • 1886-04-16 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1888-03-27 Agnes Windeck, German actress (A Time to Love and a Time to Die), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1889-10-03 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1892-09-22 Hans Albers, German actor (Blue Angel), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1894-12-19 Paul Dessau, German composer and conductor (Adventures of Casanova, Never Trust a Woman), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1895-12-27 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1897-04-26 Douglas Sirk, German American film director (All That Heaven Allows), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1899-08-24 Ruth Schaumann, German painter, writer and sculptor (Rose, Black King), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1900-08-29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), born in Altona, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1901-01-30 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • 1901-04-25 Ernst Gernot Klussmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1901-05-02 Willi Bredel, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1964)
  • 1902-03-21 Carl Jaffe, German actor (1st Man in Space, Escapement), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1902-11-01 Eugen Jochum, Babenhausen Bavaria, German conductor (Hamburg Orchestra)
  • 1905-03-16 Elisabeth Flickenschildt, German actress, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1912-03-19 Russ Case, Hamburg Iowa, orchestra leader (Julius La Rosa Show)
  • 1912-05-02 Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate (Bild Zeitung), born in Altona, Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1985)
  • 1912-06-09 Ingolf Dahl, composer (Andante & Arioso), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1914-01-18 Arno Schmidt, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1979)
  • 1918-10-09 E Howard Hunt, Hamburg NY, involved in Watergate break-in
  • 1918-12-23 Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), born in Hamburg (d. 2015)
  • 1921-05-20 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1947)
  • 1923-10-16 Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter, born in Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • 1924-05-15 Ursula Thiess [Schmidt], German actress (Monsoon, Bengal Brigade, Americano), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2010)
  • 1924-07-11 Claus Bremer, German dramatist, born in Hamburg (d. 1996)
  • 1926-06-14 Hermann Kant, German writer, born in Hamburg
  • 1932-04-09 Abdul Mati [Matias Klarwein], French artist best known for his works used on music album covers (Annunciation, Grain of Sand, Bitches Brew, Aleph Sanctuary), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1933-09-10 Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer (Chanel), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1936-01-11 Eve Hesse, German born Jewish-American sculptor. , born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1936-11-15 Wolf Biermann, German singer-songwriter and East German dissident, born in Hamburg
  • 1943-09-28 Nick St Nicholas, rock bassist (Steppenwolf), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1948-10-06 Dan Hamburg, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1950-06-04 Dagmar Krause, German singer (Slapp Happy, Henry Cow, Art Bears), born in Hamburg, Germany

Person of interestAngela Merkel

1954-07-17 Angela Merkel, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (2005-), born in Hamburg, West Germany

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • 1955-04-13 Ole von Beust, Mayor of Hamburg
  • 1957-11-13 Ronald Shusett, author (Project Mankind), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1962-12-19 Bettina Huebers, claims to be the illegitimate daughter of Paul McCartney, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1963-11-13 Thilo Timothy Newman, writer (Freejack, Alien), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1965-09-25 Scottie Pippen, Hamburg, Arkansas, American NBA forward (Bulls, Olympic 2 gold-92, 96)
  • 1966-03-24 Tatjana Patitz, model/actress (Rising Sun), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1972-08-22 Max Wilson, Brazilian racing driver, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1973-03-15 Franca Fehlauer, golfer (Belgian Intl Jr champ 1991), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1974-02-19 Yevgeny Kafelnikov, Sochi Russia, tennis star (1995 doubles-Hamburg)
  • 1978-04-03 Tommy Haas, German tennis player, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1980-04-20 Blümchen [Jasmin Wagner], German singer (Boomerang), born in Hamburg, Germany

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1886-09-14 Neurologist Sigmund Freud (30) weds Martha Bernays (25) in Hamburg, Germany

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 2006-05-06 "Scooter" techno rocker lead singer H.P. Baxxter (40) weds model Simone Mustert at Tremsbuttel Castle near Hamburg

HeartWedding of Interest

2009-07-11 Actor and film director Robert Redford (71) weds artist Sibylle Szaggars (51) at the luxurious Louis C. Jacob Hotel in Hamburg, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 0865-02-03 Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies
  • 1072-03-16 Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg, dies
  • 1914-08-23 George Ambrose Pogson, British consul in Hamburg (1880-1914), dies
  • 1975-08-17 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), dies at 80