Hamburg in History

Historical Events


Music releaseMusic Premiere

1705-01-08 George Frideric Handel's 1st opera "Almira" premieres in Hamburg

  • 1762-05-22 Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg, reaffirming the status quo that existed before the Seven Years War

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1776-02-08 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's play "Stella" premieres in Hamburg

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1842-05-05 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1844-12-30 Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)
  • 1858-09-13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1876-07-07 Hamburg massacre: white farmers attack a black militia in Hamburg, South Carolina with 7 killed
  • 1919-03-16 Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg
  • 1919-06-25 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • 1919-07-21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam
  • 1921-04-14 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • 1923-05-26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • 1927-05-14 Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg
  • 1939-05-13 SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jewish fugitives
  • 1940-11-16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1943-07-24 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people

  • 1943-07-27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 1943-07-28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • 1943-07-29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • 1944-08-27 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • 1960-08-18 The Beatles give their 1st public performance at the Indra Club in Hamburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960-12-01 Paul McCartney and Pete Best arrested then deported from Hamburg, Germany for accusation of attempted arson.

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
Original Drummer of the Beatles Pete Best
Original Drummer of the Beatles
Pete Best
  • 1960-12-13 Ballon d'Or: Barcelona midfielder Luis Suárez is named best football player in Europe ahead of Real Madrid's Hungarian forward Ferenc Puskás and Hamburg striker Uwe Seeler
  • 1961-06-22 Beatles record Aint She Sweet, Cry for a Shadow, When the Saints Go Marching In, Why, Nobody's Child & My Bonnie, in Hamburg
  • 1962-02-17 Storm in Hamburg kills 265
  • 1973-03-07 Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek discovered at Hamburg Observatory
  • 1977-04-06 Judge rules Beatles 1962 Hamburg album can be released
  • 1977-05-25 "Beatles Live! At Star-Club in Hamburg Germany" released
  • 1977-12-27 Ballon d'Or: Borussia Mönchengladbach's Danish forward Allan Simonsen is named Europe's best football player ahead of Hamburg forward Kevin Keegan and Nancy midfielder Michel Platini
  • 1978-12-27 Ballon d'Or: Hamburg's English forward Kevin Keegan wins his 1st of 2 consecutive trophies as best football player in Europe; beats Barcelona striker Hans Krankl and Anderlecht winger Rob Rensenbrink
  • 1979-12-25 Ballon d'Or: Hamburg's English forward Kevin Keegan wins his 2nd consecutive trophy as best football player in Europe; beats Bayern Munich forward Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Ajax sweeper Ruud Krol
  • 1980-05-28 24th European Cup: Nottingham Forest beats Hamburg 1-0 at Madrid
  • 1983-05-25 27th European Cup: Hamburg beats Juventus 1-0 at Athens
  • 2017-07-07 G-20 summit of world leaders begins in Hamburg, Germany amid violent protests
  • 2018-05-23 Hamburg, Germany, becomes the first city to ban diesel cars on some roads

Famous Birthdays

  • 1590-10-05 Johann Schop, German composer and violinist, born in Niedersachsen, Germany (d. 1667) (dates disputed)
  • 1611-09-08 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1671)
  • 1632-07-06 Albert Schop, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1667)
  • 1667-02-17 Georg Bronner, German composer and organist, born in Hamburg (d. 1720) baptismal date
  • 1681-09-28 Johann Mattheson, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1764)
  • 1693-08-30 Jacobus Nozeman, Dutch composer and organist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1745)
  • 1694-12-22 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)
  • 1706-09-21 Jacob Wilhelm Lustig, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1796)
  • 1708-04-23 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1754)
  • 1720-08-12 Konrad Ekhof [Hans Konrad Dieterich Eckhof], German actor and director, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1778)
  • 1723-09-11 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1790)
  • 1780-01-10 Heinrich Lichtenstein, German physician & explorer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1857)
  • 1792-04-30 Johann Friedrich Schwencke, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1793-04-15 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, born in Altona, Hamburg (d. 1864)
  • 1795-02-08 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (Chinoline), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1867)
  • 1796-12-29 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1877)
  • 1805-11-14 Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel, German composer, born in Hamburg, (d. 1847)
  • 1806-07-23 Eduard Marxsen, German pianist and composer, born in Nienstädten, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1808-06-20 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German Orthodox rabbi and intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism, born in Hamburg, French Empire (d. 1888)

Person of interestFelix Mendelssohn

1809-02-03 Felix Mendelssohn [Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy], German composer and pianist (Great Scherzos), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1847)

Composer and Pianist Felix Mendelssohn
Composer and Pianist
Felix Mendelssohn
  • 1810-06-19 Ferdinand David, German violinist and compser (Hohe Schule des Violinspiels), born in Hamburg (d. 1873)
  • 1821-02-16 Heinrich Barth, geographer/explorer (Central Africa), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1821-05-25 Diederich Krug, German pianist and composer (Le petit Chevalier), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1821)
  • 1825-07-09 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1829-08-21 Otto Goldschmidt, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1907)
  • 1832-09-21 Friedrich Wilhelm Langhans, German musician and composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1833-05-07 Johannes Brahms, German composer and conductor, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1897)
  • 1834-02-09 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • 1835-12-06 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1842-02-22 Carl Rosa, founder (Rosa opera company), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1844-06-10 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1849-10-16 Arnold Krug, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1904)
  • 1851-04-09 C. E. A. Wichmann, German-Dutch geologist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1855-05-02 Theodore Moses Tobani, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1857-08-15 Albert Ballin, German inventor and shipping tycoon, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1859-03-08 Otto Taubmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1865-07-23 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, born in Horn, Hamburg (d. 1942)
  • 1868-04-14 Peter Behrens, German architect, born in Hamburg, North German Confederation (d. 1940)
  • 1874-10-14 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1966)
  • 1876-10-10 Walter Niemann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1953)
  • 1877-10-08 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1878-10-19 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram), born in Langenfelde near Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • 1878-11-13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1879-02-11 Jean Gilbert [Max Winterfeld], German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1880-08-22 Gorch Fock [Johann Wilhelm Kinau], German author and poet, born in Finkenwerder, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1884-10-11 Robert Müller-Hartmann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1950)
  • 1884-10-11 Sig Ruman [Siegfried Albon Rumann], German-American actor (Schultz-Life With Luigi), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1967)
  • 1886-04-16 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1888-03-27 Agnes Windeck, German actress (A Time to Love and a Time to Die), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1889-10-03 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1892-09-22 Hans Albers, German actor (Blue Angel), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1894-12-19 Paul Dessau, German composer and conductor (Adventures of Casanova, Never Trust a Woman), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1895-12-27 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1897-04-26 Douglas Sirk, German American film director (All That Heaven Allows), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1897-07-25 Hermann Ambrosius, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1983)
  • 1898-09-16 H. A. Rey, American children's author and creator of "Curious George", born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1899-08-24 Ruth Schaumann, German painter, writer and sculptor (Rose, Black King), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1900-08-29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), born in Altona, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1901-01-30 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • 1901-04-25 Ernst Gernot Klussmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1901-05-02 Willi Bredel, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1964)
  • 1902-03-21 Carl Jaffe, German actor (1st Man in Space, Escapement), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1902-11-01 Eugen Jochum, German conductor (Hamburg Orchestra), born in Babenhausen, Augsburg, Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1905-03-16 Elisabeth Flickenschildt, German actress, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1905-04-14 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator, born in Hamburg, Arkansas (d. 1999)
  • 1907-06-25 J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist (atomic nucleus-Nobel 1963), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1911-10-15 James H. Schmitz, American sci-fi author (Lion Game), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1912-03-19 Russ Case, Hamburg Iowa, orchestra leader (Julius La Rosa Show)
  • 1912-05-02 Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate (Bild Zeitung), born in Altona, Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1985)
  • 1912-06-09 Ingolf Dahl [Marcus], German-American pianist and composer (Allegro and Arioso), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1913-10-02 Karl Miller, German soccer defender (12 caps; Dresdner SC), born in Hamburg (d. 1967)
  • 1914-01-18 Arno Schmidt, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1979)
  • 1916-06-27 Hallvard Olav Johnsen, Norwegian composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1918-10-09 E. Howard Hunt, American intelligence officer involved in Watergate break-in, born in Hamburg, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1918-12-23 Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), born in Hamburg (d. 2015)
  • 1921-05-20 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1947)
  • 1923-10-16 Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter, born in Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • 1924-05-15 Ursula Thiess [Schmidt], German actress (Monsoon, Bengal Brigade, Americano), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2010)
  • 1924-06-28 Henk van Stipriaan, Dutch journalist and VARA radio host, born in Hamburg (d. 1989)
  • 1924-07-11 Claus Bremer, German dramatist, born in Hamburg (d. 1996)
  • 1925-01-08 Helmuth Hubener, German activist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1926-06-14 Hermann Kant, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 2016)
  • 1932-04-09 Abdul Mati [Matias Klarwein], French artist best known for his works used on music album covers (Annunciation, Grain of Sand, Bitches Brew, Aleph Sanctuary), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1933-09-10 Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer (Fendi, Chanel), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2019) birth date disputed
  • 1936-01-11 Eve Hesse, German born Jewish-American sculptor. , born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1936-11-15 Wolf Biermann, German singer-songwriter and East German dissident, born in Hamburg
  • 1940-12-05 Peter Pohl, Swedish writer, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1943-09-28 Nick St Nicholas, rock bassist (Steppenwolf), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1948-06-11 Anthony Nelson, British Labour politician, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1948-10-06 Dan Hamburg, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1950-06-04 Dagmar Krause, German singer (Slapp Happy, Henry Cow, Art Bears), born in Hamburg, Germany

Person of interestAngela Merkel

1954-07-17 Angela Merkel, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (2005-), born in Hamburg, West Germany

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • 1955-04-13 Ole von Beust, German politician and Mayor of Hamburg, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1957-11-13 Ronald Shusett, author (Project Mankind), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1962-12-19 Bettina Huebers, claims to be the illegitimate daughter of Paul McCartney, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1963-11-13 Thilo Timothy Newman, writer (Freejack, Alien), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1965-09-25 Scottie Pippen, American Basketball Hall of Fame forward (6-time NBA champion, 2 Olympic gold 1992, 96), born in Hamburg, Arkansas
  • 1966-03-24 Tatjana Patitz, model/actress (Rising Sun), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1968-08-02 Stefan Effenberg, German footballer, born in Niendorf, Hamburg
  • 1972-08-22 Max Wilson, Brazilian racing driver, born in Hamburg, Germany

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1886-09-14 Neurologist Sigmund Freud (30) weds Martha Bernays (25) in Hamburg, Germany

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 2006-05-06 "Scooter" techno rocker lead singer H.P. Baxxter (40) weds model Simone Mustert at Tremsbuttel Castle near Hamburg

LoveWedding of Interest

2009-07-11 Actor and film director Robert Redford (71) weds artist Sibylle Szaggars (51) at the luxurious Louis C. Jacob Hotel in Hamburg, Germany


Famous Deaths

  • 0865-02-03 Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop and Saint, dies at 63
  • 1072-03-16 Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg, dies
  • 1914-08-23 George Ambrose Pogson, British consul in Hamburg (1880-1914), dies
  • 1975-08-17 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), dies at 80