Hamburg in History

Historical Events

Music Premiere

1705-01-08 George Frideric Handel's 1st opera "Almira" premieres in Hamburg, Germany

  • 1762-05-22 Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg, reaffirming the status quo that existed before the Seven Years' War

Theater Premiere

1776-02-08 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's play "Stella" premieres in Hamburg

  • 1842-05-05 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1844-12-30 Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)
  • 1858-09-13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1876-07-07 Hamburg massacre: white farmers attack a black militia in Hamburg, South Carolina with 7 killed

Theater Premiere

1919-03-16 Frank Wedekind's play "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg

  • 1919-06-25 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • 1919-07-21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam
  • 1921-04-14 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • 1923-05-26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • 1927-05-14 Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg
  • 1939-05-13 SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jewish fugitives
  • 1940-11-16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1943-07-24 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
  • 1943-07-27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 1943-07-28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • 1943-07-29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • 1944-08-27 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • 1960-08-18 The Beatles give their 1st public performance at the Indra Club in Hamburg

Music History

1960-12-01 British rocker Paul McCartney and drummer Pete Best arrested and then deported from Hamburg, Germany accused of attempted arson

Football Awards

1960-12-13 Ballon d'Or: Barcelona midfielder Luis Suárez is named best football player in Europe ahead of Real Madrid's Hungarian forward Ferenc Puskás and Hamburg striker Uwe Seeler

  • 1961-06-22 Beatles record "Ain't She Sweet", "Cry for a Shadow", "When the Saints Go Marching In", "Why", "Nobody's Child" & "My Bonnie", in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1962-02-17 Storm in Hamburg kills 265
  • 1973-03-07 Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek discovered at Hamburg Observatory
  • 1977-04-06 Judge rules Beatles 1962 Hamburg album can be released
  • 1977-05-25 "Beatles Live! At Star-Club in Hamburg Germany" released

Football Awards

1977-12-27 Ballon d'Or: Borussia Mönchengladbach's Danish forward Allan Simonsen is named Europe's best football player ahead of Hamburg forward Kevin Keegan and Nancy midfielder Michel Platini

  • 1978-12-27 Ballon d'Or: Hamburg's English forward Kevin Keegan wins his 1st of 2 consecutive trophies as best football player in Europe; beats Barcelona striker Hans Krankl and Anderlecht winger Rob Rensenbrink
  • 1979-12-25 Ballon d'Or: Hamburg's English forward Kevin Keegan wins his 2nd consecutive trophy as best football player in Europe; beats Bayern Munich forward Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Ajax sweeper Ruud Krol
  • 1980-05-28 24th European Cup: Nottingham Forest beats Hamburg 1-0 at Madrid
  • 1983-05-25 27th European Cup: Hamburg beats Juventus 1-0 at Athens
  • 2017-07-07 G-20 summit of world leaders begins in Hamburg, Germany amid violent protests
  • 2018-05-23 Hamburg, Germany, becomes the first city to ban diesel cars on some roads

Famous Birthdays

  • 1590-10-05 Johann Schop, German composer and violinist, born in Niedersachsen, Germany (d. 1667) (dates disputed)
  • 1611-09-08 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1671)
  • 1632-07-06 Albert Schop, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1667)
  • 1667-02-17 Georg Bronner, German composer and organist, born in Hamburg (d. 1720) baptismal date
  • 1681-09-28 Johann Mattheson, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1764)
  • 1693-08-30 Jacobus Nozeman, Dutch composer and organist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1745)
  • 1694-12-22 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)
  • 1706-09-21 Jacob Wilhelm Lustig, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1796)
  • 1708-04-23 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1754)
  • 1720-08-12 Konrad Ekhof [Hans Konrad Dieterich Eckhof], German actor and director, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1778)
  • 1723-09-11 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1790)
  • 1780-01-10 Heinrich Lichtenstein, German physician & explorer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1857)
  • 1792-04-30 Johann Friedrich Schwencke, German organist and composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1793-04-15 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, born in Altona, Hamburg (d. 1864)
  • 1795-02-08 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (Chinoline), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1867)
  • 1796-12-29 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1877)
  • 1805-11-14 Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel, German composer, born in Hamburg, (d. 1847)
  • 1806-07-23 Eduard Marxsen, German pianist and composer, born in Nienstädten, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1808-06-20 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German Orthodox rabbi and intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism, born in Hamburg, French Empire (d. 1888)

Felix Mendelssohn

1809-02-03 (Jacob Ludwig) Felix Mendelssohn [Bartholdy], German composer and pianist (Italian Symphony; Songs Without Words), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1847)

  • 1810-06-19 Ferdinand David, German violinist and composer (Hohe Schule des Violinspiels), born in Hamburg (d. 1873)
  • 1821-02-16 Heinrich Barth, German geographer and explorer (Central Africa), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1865)
  • 1821-05-25 Diederich Krug, German pianist and composer (Le petit Chevalier), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1825-07-09 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1829-08-21 Otto Goldschmidt, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1907)
  • 1832-09-21 Friedrich Wilhelm Langhans, German musician and composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1892)

Johannes Brahms

1833-05-07 Johannes Brahms, German composer and conductor (Hungarian Dances: A German Requiem), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1897)

  • 1834-02-09 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • 1835-12-06 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1842-02-22 Carl Rosa, founder (Rosa opera company), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1844-06-10 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1849-10-16 Arnold Krug, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1904)
  • 1851-04-09 C. E. A. Wichmann, German-Dutch geologist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1855-05-02 Theodore Moses Tobani, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1857-08-15 Albert Ballin, German inventor and shipping tycoon, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1859-03-08 Otto Taubmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1865-07-23 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, born in Horn, Hamburg (d. 1942)
  • 1868-04-14 Peter Behrens, German architect, born in Hamburg, North German Confederation (d. 1940)
  • 1874-10-14 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1966)
  • 1876-10-10 Walter Niemann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1953)
  • 1877-10-08 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1878-10-19 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram), born in Langenfelde near Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • 1878-11-13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1879-02-11 Jean Gilbert [Max Winterfeld], German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1880-08-22 Gorch Fock [Johann Wilhelm Kinau], German author and poet, born in Finkenwerder, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1884-10-11 Robert Müller-Hartmann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1950)
  • 1884-10-11 Sig Ruman [Siegfried Albon Rumann], German-American actor (Schultz-Life With Luigi), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1967)
  • 1886-04-16 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1888-03-27 Agnes Windeck, German actress (A Time to Love and a Time to Die), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1889-10-03 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1892-09-22 Hans Albers, German actor (Blue Angel), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1894-12-19 Paul Dessau, German composer and conductor (Adventures of Casanova; Never Trust a Woman), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1895-12-27 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1897-04-26 Douglas Sirk, German American film director (All That Heaven Allows), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1897-07-25 Hermann Ambrosius, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1983)
  • 1898-09-16 H. A. Rey, American children's author and creator of "Curious George", born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1899-08-24 Ruth Schaumann, German painter, writer and sculptor (Rose, Black King), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1900-08-29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), born in Altona, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1901-01-30 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • 1901-04-25 Ernst Gernot Klussmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1901-05-02 Willi Bredel, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1964)
  • 1902-03-21 Carl Jaffe, German actor (1st Man in Space, Escapement), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1902-11-01 Eugen Jochum, German conductor (Hamburg Orchestra, 1934-49; Bavarian Radio Symphony, 1949-61), born in Babenhausen, Augsburg, Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1905-03-16 Elisabeth Flickenschildt, German actress, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1905-04-14 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator, born in Hamburg, Arkansas (d. 1999)
  • 1907-06-25 J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist (atomic nucleus-Nobel 1963), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1911-10-15 James H. Schmitz, American sci-fi author (Lion Game), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1912-03-19 Russ Case, America orchestra leader (Julius La Rosa Show), born in Hamburg, Iowa
  • 1912-05-02 Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate (Bild Zeitung), born in Altona, Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1985)
  • 1912-06-09 Ingolf Dahl [Marcus], German-American pianist and composer (Allegro and Arioso), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1913-10-02 Karl Miller, German soccer defender (12 caps; Dresdner SC), born in Hamburg (d. 1967)
  • 1914-01-18 Arno Schmidt, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1979)
  • 1916-06-27 Hallvard Olav Johnsen, Norwegian composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1918-10-09 E. Howard Hunt, American intelligence officer involved in Watergate break-in, born in Hamburg, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1918-12-23 Helmut Schmidt, German politician, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), born in Hamburg (d. 2015)
  • 1921-05-20 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1947)
  • 1923-10-16 Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter, born in Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • 1924-05-15 Ursula Thiess [Schmidt], German actress (Monsoon, Bengal Brigade, Americano), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2010)
  • 1924-06-28 Henk van Stipriaan, Dutch journalist and VARA radio host, born in Hamburg (d. 1989)
  • 1924-07-11 Claus Bremer, German dramatist, born in Hamburg (d. 1996)
  • 1925-01-08 Helmuth Hubener, German activist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1926-06-14 Hermann Kant, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 2016)
  • 1932-04-09 Abdul Mati [Matias Klarwein], French artist known for his works used on music album covers (Santana's Abraxus; Miles Davis' Bitches Brew; Osibisa's Heads; Jon Hassel's Dream Theory), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1933-09-10 Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer (Fendi, Chanel), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2019) birth date disputed
  • 1936-01-11 Eve Hesse, German born Jewish-American sculptor., born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1936-11-15 Wolf Biermann, German singer-songwriter and East German dissident, born in Hamburg
  • 1940-12-05 Peter Pohl, Swedish writer, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1943-09-28 Nick St Nicholas [Klaus Kassbaum], German-Canadian rock bassist and songwriter (Steppenwolf, 1968-70 - "The Pusher"), born in Plön, Germany
  • 1948-06-11 Anthony Nelson, British Labour politician, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1948-10-06 Dan Hamburg, American politician (US Rep-D-California, 1993-95), and environmentalist, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1950-06-04 Dagmar Krause, German singer (Slapp Happy; Henry Cow; Art Bears), born in Hamburg, Germany

Angela Merkel

1954-07-17 Angela Merkel, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (2005-2021), born in Hamburg, West Germany

  • 1955-04-13 Ole von Beust, German politician and Mayor of Hamburg, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1957-11-13 Ronald Shusett, author (Project Mankind), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1962-12-19 Bettina Huebers, claims to be the illegitimate daughter of Paul McCartney, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1963-11-13 Thilo Timothy Newman, writer (Freejack, Alien), born in Hamburg, Germany

Scottie Pippen

1965-09-25 Scottie Pippen, American Basketball Hall of Fame forward (6 x NBA champion Chicago Bulls; 7 x NBA All Star; NBA All Star Game MVP 1994; Olympic gold 1992, 96), born in Hamburg, Arkansas

  • 1966-03-24 Tatjana Patitz, model/actress (Rising Sun), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1968-08-02 Stefan Effenberg, German footballer, born in Niendorf, Hamburg
  • 1972-08-22 Max Wilson, Brazilian racing driver, born in Hamburg, Germany

Famous Weddings

Sigmund Freud

1886-09-14 Neurologist Sigmund Freud (30) weds Martha Bernays (25) in Hamburg, Germany

  • 2006-05-06 "Scooter" techno rocker lead singer H.P. Baxxter (40) weds model Simone Mustert at Tremsbuttel Castle near Hamburg

Robert Redford

2009-07-11 Actor and film director Robert Redford (71) weds artist Sibylle Szaggars (51) at the luxurious Louis C. Jacob Hotel in Hamburg, Germany


Famous Deaths

  • 0865-02-03 Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop and Saint, dies at 63
  • 1072-03-16 Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg, dies
  • 1914-08-23 George Ambrose Pogson, British consul in Hamburg (1880-1914), dies
  • 1975-08-17 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), dies at 80