Frankfurt in History

Historical Events

Historic Event

0794-06-01 Charles the Great (aka Charlemagne) opens general synod in Frankfurt

  • 1241-05-25 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 1486-02-16 Maximilian I is elected King of the Romans at Frankfurt

Treaty of Interest

1489-07-22 Treaty of Frankfurt signed between Maximilian of Austria and King Charles VIII of France

  • 1597-02-24 Flemish painter Frederick of Valckenborch becomes porter of Frankfurt-on-Main
  • 1614-08-22 Trades people under Vincent Fettmilch chase & plunder Jews out of ghetto in Frankfurt
  • 1614-09-01 Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
  • 1775-09-13 Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main

Music History

1830-04-11 Robert Schumann hears the violinist Paganini play in Frankfurt

  • 1848-05-18 Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1871-05-10 Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war

Music History

1896-11-27 "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) by Richard Strauss, inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical novel, debuts in Frankfurt

Historic Event

1912-01-06 Geophysicist and meteorologist Alfred Wegener presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt

  • 1920-04-06 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau

Music Premiere

1930-02-01 Arnold Schoenberg's opera "Von heute auf morgen" ("From Today to Tomorrow") premieres at the Oper Frankfurt in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1935-07-20 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen
  • 1952-03-22 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Frankfurt, killing 44
  • 1953-10-14 Belgian Convair crashes at Frankfurt, 44 die
  • 1957-03-03 2nd Eurovision Song Contest: Corry Brokken for Netherlands wins singing "Net als toen" in Frankfurt

Sports History

1960-05-18 European Cup Final, Glasgow: Ferenc Puskás scores 4, Alfredo Di Stéfano 3 as Real Madrid routs Eintracht Frankfurt, 7-3; 5th consecutive title for Los Blancos

Historic Event

1963-06-25 JFK speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt

Historic Event

1974-02-13 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

  • 1988-12-19 Unexploded WW II bomb found in Frankfurt, Germany-5,000 evacuated

Sports History

1990-11-18 Andre Agassi claims his first and only season-ending ATP Tour World Championship tennis title with a 5–7, 7–6, 7–5, 6–2 win over defending champion Stefan Edberg in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1991-03-23 1st World League of American Football games, London beats Frankfurt 24-11, Sacramento beats Raleigh-Dur 9-3 & Mont beats Birmingham 20-5
  • 1991-04-06 NY-NJ Knights 1st home game (Giants Stadium) lose to Frankfurt 27-17

Sports History

1991-11-17 In an all-American final Pete Sampras wins his first of 5 ATP Tour World Championship tennis titles with a 3–6, 7–6, 6–3, 6–4 victory over Jim Courier in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1992-07-19 30th Tennis Fed Cup: Germany beats Spain in Frankfurt Germany (2-1)

Federation Cup

1992-07-19 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Frankfurt, Germany: Germany wins 2nd title with 2-1 win over Spain; Steffi Graf clinches final 6-4, 6-2 against Arantxa Sánchez Vicario

Sports History

1992-11-20 Home crowd favorite Boris Becker claims his 2nd ATP Tour World Championship tennis title beating American Jim Courier 6–4, 6–3, 7–5 in the final in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1993-07-25 31st Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats Australia in Frankfurt Germany (3-0)
  • 1993-07-25 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Frankfurt, Germany: Spain wins 2nd title with 3-0 win over Australia; Arantxa Sánchez Vicario clinches victory with 6-2, 6-3 win against Nicole Provis
  • 1993-11-21 German tennis star Michael Stich scores a 7–6, 2–6, 7–6, 6–2 win over American Pete Sampras to win his first and only ATP Tour World Championship title in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1994-07-24 32nd Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats USA in Frankfurt Germany (3-0)
  • 1994-07-24 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Frankfurt, Germany: Spain retains title with 3-0 win over US; Arantxa Sánchez Vicario clinches victory with 6-2, 6-1 win over Lindsay Davenport
  • 1994-11-20 American tennis star Pete Sampras beats Boris Becker 4–6, 6–3, 7–5, 6–4 to win his second ATP Tour World Championship title in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1995-11-19 Home crowd favorite Boris Becker wins his 3rd and final ATP Tour World Championship tennis title with a 7–6, 6–0, 7–6 win over American Michael Chang in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 2007-09-05 Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda are arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.

Sports History

2011-07-17 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt, Germany: Japan beats US, 3-1 on penalties; 2-2 after extra time

Ballon d'Or

2014-01-13 FIFA Ballon d'Or: Real Madrid & Portugal forward Cristiano Ronaldo ends Lionel Messi's domination of award; FFC Frankfurt goalkeeper Nadine Angerer takes women's award

  • 2017-09-03 1.4 ton WWII bomb defused in Frankfurt, Germany with 60,000 people evacuated, the largest postwar

Famous Birthdays

  • 0823-06-13 Charles II the Bald, King of France (843-77) and Holy Roman emperor (875-77), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 877)
  • 1640-06-21 Abraham Mignon, Dutch still life painter, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1679)
  • 1744-02-23 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)

1749-08-28 German writer and social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt am Main, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1785-04-04 Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1786-05-06 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • 1787-09-18 Johann David Passavant, German historian, painter and graphic artist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1861)
  • 1788-04-05 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1794-07-03 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • 1797-02-06 Joseph Maria von Radowitz, German diplomat, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1912)
  • 1805-12-31 Marie d'Agoult (Daniel Stern), French author (Knife), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1810-05-24 Abraham Geiger, German theologian and leader of Reform Judaism, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1874)
  • 1811-10-24 Ferdinand Hiller, German pianist, composer and conductor, born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1885)

Henri NestléHenri Nestlé (1814-1890)

1814-08-10 German-Swiss industrialist (founder of Nestlé), born in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1837-01-12 Carlos Troyer, American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1853-09-04 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1858-04-19 Siegfried Ochs, German composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1870-09-08 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1873-06-03 Otto Loewi, German physician (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 1936), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1873-10-09 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1878-04-12 Richard B Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1879-03-08 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1881-08-18 Hermann Zilcher, German pianist and composer (Dr Eisenbart; Die Liebesmesse), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1948)
  • 1886-07-27 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1970)
  • 1889-02-06 Siegfried Kracauer, German writer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1896-04-26 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, born in Frankfurt am Main, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1898-06-26 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer, born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1900-03-23 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • 1902-06-15 Erik Erikson, Frankfurt Germany, American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst who coined the phrase "identity crisis"
  • 1903-04-25 Camilla Horn, German actress (Rebus, Vertigine, Polterabend, Matinee Idol), born in Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1903-09-11 Theodor W. Adorno, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Frankfurt (d. 1969)
  • 1906-07-23 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1980)
  • 1910-08-24 Bernhard Heiden [Levi], German-American composer (Dreamers on a Slack Wire; Euphorion), and music teacher (University of Indiana, 1945-74), born in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1914-06-20 Friedrich Zipp, German composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1920-08-22 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1989)
  • 1923-04-05 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1927-08-27 Liselott Linsenhoff, German equestrian rider (Olympic gold 1968, 72), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1928-06-04 Ruth Westheimer, German-American sex therapist and media personality (Dr Ruth), born in Wiesenfeld, Germany

Anne FrankAnne Frank (1929-1945)

1929-06-12 Dutch Diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), born in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1930-06-08 Robert Aumann, German-Israeli mathematician (The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1930-09-25 Herbert Heckmann, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1999)
  • 1934-09-07 Mary Bauermeister, German artist, born in Frankfurt
  • 1937-05-13 Judith Somogi, American conductor (Frankfurt Opera-1982), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943-02-27 Klaus Köste, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1972- vault), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1947-07-17 Wolfgang Flür, German percusionist (Kraftwerk, 1973-87), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1947-07-20 Gerd Binnig, Frankfurt, physicist (tunneling microscope-Nobel 1986)
  • 1948-09-07 Susan Blakely, American actress (Rich Man Poor Man), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1950-07-17 P.J. Soles, German-born American actress, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1951-10-24 Todd Crespi, German actor (Magician), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1953-02-11 Stephen Thorne, American naval officer, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1956-05-04 Ulrike Meyfarth, German high jumper (Olympic gold 1972), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1957-09-12 Hans Zimmer, German film score composer (The Lion King), born in Frankfurt
  • 1958-02-14 Perry Stephens, German actor (Loving, All My Children), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1959-05-19 Nicole Brown Simpson, German-American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson who was later murdered, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1959-12-11 Tina Gayle, American cowboy cheerleader and actress (Kathy-Chips), born in Frankfurt
  • 1961-04-10 Olivia Brown, American actress (Det Trudy Joplin-Miami Vice), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1964-06-17 Michael Gross, German swimmer (3 Olympic gold 1984, 88), born in Frankfurt, Germany

Martin LawrenceMartin Lawrence (57 years old)

1965-04-16 American comedian (Martin), born in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1965-06-23 Barbara Lufthansa Herzog, born during Lufthansa Frankfurt-NY flight
  • 1966-02-22 Thorsten Kaye, German-British soap actor (Patrick-One Life to Live, Silencers), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1967-10-11 Peter Thiel, German-American entrepreneur, co-founder of PayPal, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1973-01-04 Ray Mickens, American football cornerback (NY Jets), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1974-10-09 Kavika Pittman, American defensive end (Dallas Cowboys), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1977-08-29 Jo Weil, German actor, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1978-09-12 Ruben Studdard, American singer (American Idol, I Need An Angel), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1979-12-28 Senna Guemmour, German singer-songwriter (Monrose), born in Frankfurt, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 1872-10-02 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A/M), dies at 78
  • 1970-09-11 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), dies at 84