Frankfurt in History

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

0794-06-01 Charles the Great (aka Charlemagne) opens general synod in Frankfurt

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1241-05-25 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 1486-02-16 Maximilian I is elected King of the Romans at Frankfurt
  • 1489-07-22 Treaty of Frankfurt signed between Maximilian of Austria and King Charles VIII of France
  • 1597-02-24 Flemish painter Frederick of Valckenborch becomes porter of Frankfurt-on-Main
  • 1614-08-22 Trades people under Vincent Fettmilch chase & plunder Jews out of ghetto in Frankfurt
  • 1614-09-01 Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
  • 1775-09-13 Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main
  • 1830-04-11 Robert Schumann hears the violinist Paganini play in Frankfurt
  • 1848-05-18 Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1871-05-10 Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896-11-27 "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) by Richard Strauss, inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical novel, debuts in Frankfurt

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912-01-06 Alfred Wegener, geophysicist and meteorologist, presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at a the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt.

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • 1920-04-06 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • 1930-02-01 Arnold Schönbergs opera, Von heute auf Morgen premieres in Frankfurt
  • 1935-07-20 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen
  • 1952-03-22 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Frankfurt, killing 44
  • 1953-10-14 Belgian Convair crashes at Frankfurt, 44 die
  • 1957-03-03 2nd Eurovision Song Contest: Corry Brokken for Netherlands wins singing "Net als toen" in Frankfurt
  • 1960-05-18 5th European Cup: Real Madrid beats Frankfurt 7-3 at Glasgow
  • 1963-06-25 JFK speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974-02-13 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • 1988-12-19 Unexploded WW II bomb found in Frankfurt, Germany-5,000 evacuated
  • 1991-03-23 1st World League of American Football games, London beats Frankfurt 24-11, Sacramento beats Raleigh-Dur 9-3 & Mont beats Birmingham 20-5
  • 1991-04-06 NY-NJ Knights 1st home game (Giants Stadium) lose to Frankfurt 27-17
  • 1992-07-19 30th Tennis Fed Cup: Germany beats Spain in Frankfurt Germany (2-1)
  • 1993-07-25 31st Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats Australia in Frankfurt Germany (3-0)
  • 1994-07-24 32nd Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats USA in Frankfurt Germany (3-0)
  • 2007-09-05 Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda are arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.
  • 2017-09-03 1.4 ton WWII bomb defused in Frankfurt, Germany with 60,000 people evacuated, the largest postwar

Famous Birthdays

  • 1744-02-23 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)

Person of interestJohann Wolfgang von Goethe

1749-08-28 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt am Main, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1832)

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1785-04-04 Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1786-05-06 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • 1788-04-05 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1794-07-03 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)

Person of interestHenri Nestlé

1814-08-10 Henri Nestlé, German-Swiss industrialist (founder of Nestlé), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1890)

Founder of Nestlé Henri Nestlé
Founder of Nestlé
Henri Nestlé
  • 1853-09-04 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1873-06-03 Otto Loewi, Frankfurt am Main Germany, physician (Nobel-1936)
  • 1873-10-09 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1878-04-12 Richard B Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1879-03-08 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1896-04-26 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, born in Frankfurt am Main, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1900-03-23 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • 1902-06-15 Erik Erikson, Frankfurt Germany, American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst who coined the phrase "identity crisis"
  • 1903-04-25 Camilla Horn, German actress (Rebus, Vertigine, Polterabend, Matinee Idol), born in Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1910-08-24 Bernhard Heiden, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1920-08-22 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1989)
  • 1923-04-05 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1928-06-04 Ruth Westerheimer, German-American sex therapist and media personality (Dr Ruth), born in Wiesenfeld, Germany

Person of interestAnne Frank

1929-06-12 Anne Frank, Dutch Diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1945)

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1930-09-25 Herbert Heckmann, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1999)
  • 1937-05-13 Judith Somogi, American conductor (Frankfurt Opera-1982), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943-02-27 Klaus Köste, gymnast (Olympic gold 1972- vault), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1947-07-20 Gerd Binnig, Frankfurt, physicist (tunneling microscope-Nobel 1986)
  • 1948-09-07 Susan Blakely, Frankfurt Germany, actress (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • 1951-10-24 Todd Crespi, Frankfurt Germany, actor (Magician)
  • 1953-02-11 Stephen D Thorne, Frankfurt-on-Main, German FR, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut
  • 1956-05-04 Ulrike Meyfarth, German high jumper (Olympic gold 1972), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1958-02-14 Perry Stephens, Frankfurt Germany, actor (Loving, All My Children)
  • 1959-05-19 Nicole Brown Simpson, German-American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson who was later murdered, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1959-12-11 Tina Gayle, Frankfurt GFR, Cowboy cheerleader/actress (Kathy-Chips)
  • 1961-04-10 Olivia Brown, American actress (Det Trudy Joplin-Miami Vice), born in Frankfurt, Germany

Person of interestMartin Lawrence

1965-04-16 Martin Lawrence, American comedian (Martin), born in Frankfurt, Germany

Comedian Martin Lawrence
Martin Lawrence
  • 1965-06-23 Barbara Lufthansa Herzog, born during Lufthansa Frankfurt-NY flight
  • 1967-10-11 Peter Thiel, German-American entrepreneur, co-founder of PayPal, born in Frankfurt, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 1872-10-02 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A/M), dies at 78