Frankfurt in History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

0794-06-01 Charles the Great (aka Charlemagne) opens general synod in Frankfurt

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 1241-05-25 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 1486-02-16 Maximilian I is elected King of the Romans at Frankfurt
  • 1489-07-22 Treaty of Frankfurt signed between Maximilian of Austria and King Charles VIII of France
  • 1597-02-24 Flemish painter Frederick of Valckenborch becomes porter of Frankfurt-on-Main
  • 1614-08-22 Trades people under Vincent Fettmilch chase & plunder Jews out of ghetto in Frankfurt
  • 1614-09-01 Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
  • 1775-09-13 Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main
  • 1830-04-11 Robert Schumann hears the violinist Paganini play in Frankfurt
  • 1848-05-18 Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1871-05-10 Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896-11-27 "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) by Richard Strauss, inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical novel, debuts in Frankfurt

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912-01-06 Alfred Wegener, geophysicist and meteorologist, presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at a the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt.

Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist Alfred Wegener
Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist
Alfred Wegener
  • 1920-04-06 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • 1930-02-01 Arnold Schönbergs opera, Von heute auf Morgen premieres in Frankfurt
  • 1935-07-20 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen

  • 1952-03-22 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Frankfurt, killing 44
  • 1953-10-14 Belgian Convair crashes at Frankfurt, 44 die
  • 1957-03-03 2nd Eurovision Song Contest: Corry Brokken for Netherlands wins singing "Net als toen" in Frankfurt
  • 1960-05-18 European Cup Final, Glasgow: Ferenc Puskás scores 4, Alfredo Di Stéfano 3 as Real Madrid routs Eintracht Frankfurt, 7-3; 5th consecutive title for Los Blancos
  • 1963-06-25 JFK speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974-02-13 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • 1988-12-19 Unexploded WW II bomb found in Frankfurt, Germany-5,000 evacuated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-11-18 Andre Agassi claims his first and only season-ending ATP Tour World Championship tennis title with a 5–7, 7–6, 7–5, 6–2 win over defending champion Stefan Edberg in Frankfurt, Germany

Tennis Legend Andre Agassi
Tennis Legend
Andre Agassi
  • 1991-03-23 1st World League of American Football games, London beats Frankfurt 24-11, Sacramento beats Raleigh-Dur 9-3 & Mont beats Birmingham 20-5
  • 1991-04-06 NY-NJ Knights 1st home game (Giants Stadium) lose to Frankfurt 27-17

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991-11-17 In an all-American final Pete Sampras wins his first of 5 ATP Tour World Championship tennis titles with a 3–6, 7–6, 6–3, 6–4 victory over Jim Courier in Frankfurt, Germany

Tennis Player Pete Sampras
Tennis Player
Pete Sampras
  • 1992-07-19 30th Tennis Fed Cup: Germany beats Spain in Frankfurt Germany (2-1)

Sport awardFederation Cup

1992-07-19 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Frankfurt, Germany: Germany wins 2nd title with 2-1 win over Spain; Steffi Graf clinches final 6-4, 6-2 against Arantxa Sánchez Vicario

Tennis Player Steffi Graf
Tennis Player
Steffi Graf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992-11-20 Home crowd favourite Boris Becker claims his 2nd ATP Tour World Championship tennis title beating American Jim Courier 6–4, 6–3, 7–5 in the final in Frankfurt, Germany

Tennis Legend Boris Becker
Tennis Legend
Boris Becker
  • 1993-07-25 31st Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats Australia in Frankfurt Germany (3-0)
  • 1993-07-25 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Frankfurt, Germany: Spain wins 2nd title with 3-0 win over Australia; Arantxa Sánchez Vicario clinches victory with 6-2, 6-3 win against Nicole Provis
  • 1993-11-21 German tennis star Michael Stich scores a 7–6, 2–6, 7–6, 6–2 win over American Pete Sampras to win his first and only ATP Tour World Championship title in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1994-07-24 32nd Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats USA in Frankfurt Germany (3-0)
  • 1994-07-24 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Frankfurt, Germany: Spain retains title with 3-0 win over US; Arantxa Sánchez Vicario clinches victory with 6-2, 6-1 win over Lindsay Davenport
  • 1994-11-20 American tennis star Pete Sampras beats Boris Becker 4–6, 6–3, 7–5, 6–4 to win his second ATP Tour World Championship title in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1995-11-19 Home crowd favourite Boris Becker wins his 3rd and final ATP Tour World Championship tennis title with a 7–6, 6–0, 7–6 win over American Michael Chang in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 2007-09-05 Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda are arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.
  • 2011-07-17 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt, Germany: Japan beats US, 3-1 on penalties; 2-2 after extra time

Sport awardFootball Awards

2014-01-13 FIFA Ballon d'Or: Real Madrid & Portugal forward Cristiano Ronaldo ends Lionel Messi's domination of award; FFC Frankfurt goalkeeper Nadine Angerer takes women's award

Football Star Cristiano Ronaldo
Football Star
Cristiano Ronaldo
Football Star Lionel Messi
Football Star
Lionel Messi
  • 2017-09-03 1.4 ton WWII bomb defused in Frankfurt, Germany with 60,000 people evacuated, the largest postwar

Famous Birthdays

  • 0823-06-13 Charles II the Bald, King of France (843-77) and Holy Roman mperor (875-77), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 877)
  • 1640-06-21 Abraham Mignon, Dutch still life painter, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1679)
  • 1744-02-23 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)

Person of interestJohann Wolfgang von Goethe

1749-08-28 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt am Main, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1832)

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1785-04-04 Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1786-05-06 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • 1787-09-18 Johann David Passavant, German historian, painter and graphic artist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1861)
  • 1788-04-05 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1794-07-03 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • 1797-02-06 Joseph Maria von Radowitz, German diplomat, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1912)
  • 1805-12-31 Marie d'Agoult (Daniel Stern), French author (Knife), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1810-05-24 Abraham Geiger, German theologian and leader of Reform Judaism, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1874)
  • 1811-10-24 Ferdinand Hiller, German pianist, composer and conductor, born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1885)

Person of interestHenri Nestlé

1814-08-10 Henri Nestlé, German-Swiss industrialist (founder of Nestlé), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1890)

Founder of Nestlé Henri Nestlé
Founder of Nestlé
Henri Nestlé
  • 1837-01-12 Carlos Troyer, American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1853-09-04 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1858-04-19 Siegfried Ochs, German composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1870-09-08 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1873-06-03 Otto Loewi, German physician (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 1936), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1873-10-09 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1878-04-12 Richard B Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1879-03-08 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1881-08-18 Hermann Zilcher, German pianist and composer (Dr Eisenbart, Die Liebesmesse), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1948)
  • 1886-07-27 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1970)
  • 1889-02-06 Siegfried Kracauer, German writer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1896-04-26 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, born in Frankfurt am Main, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1898-06-26 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer, born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1900-03-23 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • 1902-06-15 Erik Erikson, Frankfurt Germany, American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst who coined the phrase "identity crisis"
  • 1903-04-25 Camilla Horn, German actress (Rebus, Vertigine, Polterabend, Matinee Idol), born in Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1903-09-11 Theodor W. Adorno, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Frankfurt (d. 1969)
  • 1906-07-23 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1980)
  • 1910-08-24 Bernhard Heiden, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1914-06-20 Friedrich Zipp, German composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1920-08-22 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1989)
  • 1923-04-05 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1927-08-27 Liselott Linsenhoff, German equestrian rider (Olympic gold 1968, 72), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1928-06-04 Ruth Westheimer, German-American sex therapist and media personality (Dr Ruth), born in Wiesenfeld, Germany

Person of interestAnne Frank

1929-06-12 Anne Frank, Dutch Diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1945)

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1930-06-08 Robert Aumann, German-Israeli mathematician (The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1930-09-25 Herbert Heckmann, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1999)
  • 1934-09-07 Mary Bauermeister, German artist, born in Frankfurt
  • 1937-05-13 Judith Somogi, American conductor (Frankfurt Opera-1982), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943-02-27 Klaus Köste, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1972- vault), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1947-07-17 Wolfgang Flür, German musician (Kraftwerk), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1947-07-20 Gerd Binnig, Frankfurt, physicist (tunneling microscope-Nobel 1986)
  • 1948-09-07 Susan Blakely, American actress (Rich Man Poor Man), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1950-07-17 P.J. Soles, German-born American actress, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1951-10-24 Todd Crespi, German actor (Magician), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1953-02-11 Stephen Thorne, American naval officer, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1956-05-04 Ulrike Meyfarth, German high jumper (Olympic gold 1972), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1957-09-12 Hans Zimmer, German film score composer (The Lion King), born in Frankfurt
  • 1958-02-14 Perry Stephens, German actor (Loving, All My Children), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1959-05-19 Nicole Brown Simpson, German-American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson who was later murdered, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1959-12-11 Tina Gayle, American cowboy cheerleader and actress (Kathy-Chips), born in Frankfurt
  • 1961-04-10 Olivia Brown, American actress (Det Trudy Joplin-Miami Vice), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1964-06-17 Michael Gross, German swimmer (3 Olympic gold 1984, 88), born in Frankfurt, Germany

Person of interestMartin Lawrence

1965-04-16 Martin Lawrence, American comedian (Martin), born in Frankfurt, Germany

Comedian Martin Lawrence
Comedian
Martin Lawrence
  • 1965-06-23 Barbara Lufthansa Herzog, born during Lufthansa Frankfurt-NY flight
  • 1966-02-22 Thorsten Kaye, German-British soap actor (Patrick-One Life to Live, Silencers), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1967-10-11 Peter Thiel, German-American entrepreneur, co-founder of PayPal, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1973-01-04 Ray Mickens, American football cornerback (NY Jets), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1974-10-09 Kavika Pittman, American defensive end (Dallas Cowboys), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1977-08-29 Jo Weil, German actor, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1978-09-12 Ruben Studdard, American singer (American Idol, I Need An Angel), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1979-12-28 Senna Guemmour, German singer-songwriter (Monrose), born in Frankfurt, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 1872-10-02 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A/M), dies at 78
  • 1970-09-11 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), dies at 84