Cologne in History

Northrhine-Westfalia: Dortmund - Düsseldorf - Essen - Köln

Historical Events

  • 1147-03-26 Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
  • 1205-06-19 Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne
  • 1248-05-15 Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden lays cornerstone for Cologne Cathedral
  • 1248-08-15 Construction of the new Cologne Cathedral in the Gothic style begins with the laying of the foundation stone by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden (completed 1880)
  • 1349-08-24 Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
  • 1367-11-19 League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV
  • 1579-05-07 Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands

Victory in Battle

1633-06-02 Prince Frederick Henry conquers fort Rhine at Cologne

  • 1647-03-14 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm
  • 1674-05-11 Netherlands & Cologne sign peace treaty
  • 1701-03-09 France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1702-09-16 Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
  • 1703-05-18 Dutch & English troops occupy Cologne
  • 1706-04-29 Emperor Jozef I becomes monarch of Cologne and Bavaria
  • 1842-09-04 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after a 284-year hiatus
  • 1880-08-14 Ceremony to mark the completion of Cologne Cathedral attended by Emperor William I. First begun in 1248, now the largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe.

Music Premiere

1904-10-18 Gustav Mahler's 5th symphony premieres in Cologne, Germany

  • 1925-01-10 Allies refuse to evacuate the Cologne area of Germany as agreed
  • 1926-01-01 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
  • 1942-05-30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II
  • 1944-07-18 RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne and Berlin
  • 1945-03-05 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • 1945-03-07 Cologne taken by allied armies

Music History

1954-01-29 Arnold Schoenberg's "De Profundis" premieres in Cologne, Germany

  • 1959-12-25 A synagogue in Cologne Germany desecrated with swatstikas
  • 1992-08-16 Moses Kiptanui of Kenya runs world 3,000m record 7:28.96 in Cologne, Germany
  • 2009-03-03 The building of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (Historical Archives) in Cologne, Germany, collapses.
  • 2018-08-02 Oldest library in Germany confirmed unearthed in Cologne dating to 2AD, possibly held 20,000 scrolls

Famous Birthdays

Agrippina the YoungerAgrippina the Younger (15-59 AD)

0015-11-06 Roman Empress (sister of Caligula, wife of Claudius, mother of Nero), born in Oppidum Ubiorum (Cologne)

  • 1486-09-14 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, German royal astrologer, physician and theologian, born in Cologne, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1535)
  • 1554-12-17 Ernest of Bavaria, Prince-elector-archbishop of the Archbishopric of Cologne, born in Munich (d. 1612)
  • 1569-04-10 Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1629)
  • 1587-11-16 Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet and dramatist (Jephtha), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1679)
  • 1592-05-01 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1666)
  • 1621-10-08 Maximilian Henry of Bayern, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Bishop of Hildesheim and Bishop of Liège, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1688)
  • 1641-06-30 Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1719)
  • 1694-08-24 Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer and King of Corsica [or 8/25], born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1756)
  • 1730-01-15 John Malchair, German-born English artist, violinist and composer, born in Cologne (d. 1812)

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)

1770-12-16 German composer (5th Symphony, Ode to Joy), born in Bonn, Electorate of Cologne

  • 1813-01-23 Franz Commer, German composer & musicologist, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1819-06-20 Jacques Offenbach, German-French composer (Tales of Hoffmann), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1838-01-06 Max Bruch, German composer (Kol Nidre), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1847-07-05 Agnes Zimmermann, German composer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1854-09-17 Hans Müller, German music historian and writer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1897)
  • 1874-08-27 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931), born in Cologne, German Empire (d. 1940)

Konrad AdenauerKonrad Adenauer (1876-1967)

1876-01-05 Chancellor of West Germany (CDU: 1949-63), born in Cologne, Germany

  • 1887-02-06 Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne, born in Neuss, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1888-11-24 Rudolf Klein-Rogge, German actor and prototype for silent films master criminal (Metropolis, Spies), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1955)
  • 1895-01-13 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • 1899-08-01 William Steinberg, German-American conductor (Boston Symphony 1969-71), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1908-04-23 Marcel Hillaire, German actor (Take the Money and Run, Seven Thieves), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1988)
  • 1909-01-04 Cilly Aussem, German tennis player (French C'ships, Wimbledon 1931), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1909-01-08 Willy Millowitsch, German actor (National Lampoon's European Vacation), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1909-01-15 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1910-04-14 Werner Wolf Glaser, German-Swedish composer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 2006)
  • 1912-07-27 Hilde Domin [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, born in Cologne (d. 2006)
  • 1920-03-22 Werner Klemperer, German-American Emmy Award-winning stage and screen actor (Judgment at Nuremberg; Hogan's Heroes - "Col. Klink"), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1927-05-07 Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, German-American novelist and screenwriter, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1928-05-04 Wolfgang von Trips, German racing driver, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1932-07-10 Jürgen Becker, German writer, born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1933-09-18 Manfred Niehaus, German composer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1936-08-12 Hans Haacke, artist (Right to Life, Dripper Boxes), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1944-10-14 Udo Kier, German actress (Warhol Dracula, Warhol Frankenstein), born in Lindenthal, Cologne, Germany
  • 1965-06-24 Uwe Krupp, NHL defenceman (Colo Avalanche, Germany 98), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1971-03-13 Ralf Kleinmann, American football player from Germany, born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1973-05-02 Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, German film director and screenwriter (The Lives of Others), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1974-11-05 Angela Gossow, German vocalist (Arch Enemy), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1986-09-19 Gerald Ciolek, German professional road racing cyclist, born in Cologne, Germany

Famous Weddings

Konrad Adenauer

1919-09-26 German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (43) weds Auguste Zinsser in Cologne, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 0965-10-11 Bruno I, archbishop of Cologne/duke of Lutheran, dies at about 40
  • 1021-03-16 Heribert of Cologne, Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III
  • 1075-12-04 Archbishop Anno II of Cologne
  • 1101-10-06 Bruno of Cologne, German founder of the Carthusian order
  • 1167-08-14 Raynald van Dassel, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1191-08-13 Philips van Heinsberg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1220-04-15 Adolf I, Archbishop of Cologne, dies at ~63
  • 1225-11-07 Engelbert I, the Saint, archbishop of Cologne, murdered at 40
  • 1261-09-18 Conrad van Hochstaden, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1274-10-20 Engelbert II of Falkenburg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1612-02-17 Ernest of Bavaria, Prince-elector-archbishop of the Archbishopric of Cologne, dies at 57
  • 1688-06-03 Maximilian Henry of Bayern, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Bishop of Hildesheim and Bishop of Liège, dies at 66
  • 1901-09-09 Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller, minister of Cologne dies