Prussia in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 163 of 163

  • 1813-08-23 Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 1813-08-30 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813-10-16 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814-01-29 War of the Sixth Coalition: Russia and Prussia are defeated by France in the Battle of Brienne
  • 1814-09-05 -15] Battle of Masurische Meren: Germans chase Russians out of East Prussia
  • 1815-01-03 France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • 1815-06-16 Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • 1815-06-18 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
  • 1815-09-26 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign the Holy Alliance
  • 1815-11-20 Russia, Prussia, Austria and England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • 1818-09-30 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • 1830-12-20 Great Britain, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium
  • 1834-05-08 Prussia, Austria and Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
  • 1839-03-09 Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • 1840-07-15 Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1848-02-29 The Principality of Neuchâtel declares itself independent of Prussia

  • 1848-04-06 Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • 1848-05-07 Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
  • 1849-05-28 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands and Albrecht of Prussia separate
  • 1849-06-21 Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
  • 1850-11-29 The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1858-01-25 Felix Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" first played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia

Composer and Pianist Felix Mendelssohn
Composer and Pianist
Felix Mendelssohn
Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862-09-30 Prussia Minister President Otto von Bismarck's delivers his "Blood & Iron" speech

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1864-02-01 Austrian and Prussian troops occupy Schleswig-Holstein
  • 1866-04-08 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1866-06-15 Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1866-08-23 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • 1870-07-13 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck
  • 1870-07-19 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • 1870-08-06 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • 1870-08-18 Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • 1870-09-02 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies at the Battle of Sedan
  • 1870-09-04 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
  • 1870-09-19 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
  • 1871-01-28 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 1871-05-10 Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
  • 1882-04-13 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 1902-06-13 Prussian Upper house gives 350 million marks to Poland
  • 1906-12-01 German Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 years for forgery after posing as Prussian officer
  • 1910-05-27 Reform of Prussian three-class voting system fails
  • 1914-01-13 IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia

  • 1914-08-02 Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia
  • 1914-08-07 Russia invades East Prussia
  • 1914-08-12 Russian troops take East-Prussia & occupy Marggrabowa
  • 1914-08-20 Battle at Gumbinnen, East-Prussia: Russians beat Germans
  • 1914-08-22 General Martos' troops occupy Soldau/Neidenburg, East Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-08-22 WW1: Von Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg move into East Prussia enroute to Russia

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1914-08-31 German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918-11-28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1920-07-11 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928-09-28 Prussia forbids speech from Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-04-11 Hermann Goering becomes Premier of Prussia

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934-04-20 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1944-08-17 Soviet troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • 1945-04-09 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1946-04-07 Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR
  • 1947-02-20 State of Prussia ceases to exist.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 166 of 166


Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1846-05-08 Oscar Hammerstein, German opera and playwright (Kohinoor), born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1919)

Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

1847-10-02 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), born in Posen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia (d. 1934)

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1848-04-09 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1848-07-27 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, born in Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland) (d. 1916)
  • 1850-04-27 Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German Colonel General, born in Greifswald, Prussia (d. 1921)
  • 1850-11-09 Lewis Lewin, German toxicologist (father of psychopharmacologist), born in Tuchel, West Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1852-12-19 A[lbert] A Michelson, Strelno Prussia, US physicist (Nobel 1907)
  • 1854-03-14 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), Strehlen, Lower Silesia, German Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1854-08-23 Moritz Moszkowski, Polish-German composer, born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1925)
  • 1855-01-22 Albert Neisser [Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser], Schweidnitz Prussia, German physician who discovered the bacterias that cause gonorrhea and leprosy
  • 1856-11-29 Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, Chancellor of the German Empire (1909-17), born in Hohenfinow, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1921)
  • 1858-07-09 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), born in Minden, Westphalia, Prussia (d. 1942)

Person of interestWilhelm II

1859-01-27 Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), born in Berlin (d. 1941)

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1859-11-13 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), born in Ruda bei Neumark, West Prussia (d. 1911)
  • 1860-02-14 Eugen Schiffer, German lawyer and liberal politician, born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1954)
  • 1860-07-25 Princess Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1917)
  • 1862-01-23 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry), born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1943)
  • 1862-01-30 Walter Johannes Damrosch, German-American composer, born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1950)

Person of interestGerhart Hauptmann

1862-11-15 Gerhart Hauptmann, German author (Before Dawn - Nobel 1912), born in Obersalzbrunn, Silesia, Prussia (d. 1946)

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1863-01-15 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)
  • 1863-04-26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1864-06-25 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist and chemist (Nobel 1920), born in Briesen, West Prussia (d. 1941)
  • 1865-04-09 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Person of interestErich Ludendorff

1865-04-09 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia (d. 1937)

German General Erich Ludendorff
German General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1865-06-28 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), born in Grünberg, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1910)
  • 1865-07-02 Lili Braun, Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
  • 1865-12-19 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • 1868-07-30 Alfred Weber, German economist and sociologist, born in Erfurt, Prussian Saxony (d. 1958)

Person of interestAlbert Kahn

1869-03-21 Albert Kahn, American architect (architect of Detroit), born in Rhaunen, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • 1870-03-20 Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general and politician (East Africa)
  • 1870-06-14 Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (d. 1932)
  • 1870-06-21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1871-04-21 Leo Blech, German composer and conductor, born in Aachen, Rhenish Prussia (d. 1958)
  • 1872-04-22 Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • 1874-07-28 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), born in Silesia, Prussia (d. 1945)
  • 1874-12-11 Paul Wegener, German actor and director (The Golem, The Student of Prague), born in Arnoldsdorf, West Prussia, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1879-04-28 Franz Arnold, German writer, born in Znin, Prussia (d. 1960)
  • 1879-10-09 Max von Laue, German physicist who discovered the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, born in Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1960)
  • 1880-09-14 Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes), born in Elbing, West Prussia (d. 1958)
  • 1881-02-19 Paul Zech, German writer, born in Briesen, Western Prussia (d. 1946)
  • 1882-10-03 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, born in Posen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1887-08-08 Ullrich Haupt, Prussian actor (Morocco, Du Barry-Woman of Passion), born in Falkenburg, Pomerania, Germany (d. 1931)
  • 1890-08-18 Walther Funk, German economist and Nazi politician, born in Danzkehmen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1892-03-02 Felix Bressart, German actor (Ninotchka, Escape, Crossroads), born in Eydtkuhnen, East Prussia, Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1895-05-03 Ernst Kantorowicz, German-American historian (Laudes regiae), born in Posen, Prussia (d. 1963)
  • 1896-03-07 Erwin Bodky, German-American composer, born in Ragnit, East Prussia (d. 1958)
  • 1899-07-23 Gustav Heinemann, President of West Germany (1969-74), born in Schwelm, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1976)
  • 1902-05-10 Joachim Prinz, German-American Zionist leader, author and Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), born in Bierdzany, Prussia (d. 1988)
  • 1906-06-06 Max August Zorn, German mathematician (lemma of Zorn), born in Krefeld, Rhenish Prussia, Germany (d. 1993)
  • 1907-07-19 Günter Bialas, German composer, born in Bielschowitz, Prussian Silesia (d. 1995)
  • 1907-10-15 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1980)
  • 1907-11-09 Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia, born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1908-08-26 W. B. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist (d. 1967)
  • 1909-04-24 Bernhard Grzimek, German zoologist (West Germany), born in Neisse, Prussian Silesia, German Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1914-05-24 Lilli Palmer [Peiser], German actress (Cloak and Dagger, Anastasia: The Czar's Last Daughter), born in Posen, Prussia (d. 1986)
  • 1915-09-03 Abel Ehrlich, Israeli composer, born in Cranz, East Prussia (d. 2003)
  • 1917-04-09 Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and writer, born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 1965)
  • 1922-08-17 Paul Wiens, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1982)
  • 1923-07-05 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics," born in Fischhausen, East Prussia, Weimar Germany (d. 2018)
  • 1924-03-15 Walter Gotell, German actor (James Bond, From Russia With Love), born in Bonn, Rhenish Prussia, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1930-12-17 Armin Mueller-Stahl, German painter, author and actor (Kafka, Music Box), born in Tilsit, Germany
  • 1931-01-09 Algi[rda]s [Jonas] Budrys, Prussia, sci-fi author (Man of Earth)
  • 1944-01-12 Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate
  • 1944-04-12 John Kay [Joachim Krauledat], German-born Canadian rock singer (Steppenwolf), born in Tilsit, East Prussia, Germany
  • 1944-06-06 Edgar Froese, German musician (Tangerine Dream), born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 2015)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths