Saxony in History

Saxony: Dresden - Leipzig

Historical Events

  • 0919-05-12 Duke Henry of Saxony becomes King Henry I of Oostfrankischreich
  • 1180-04-13 Diet of Gelnhausen; Henry the Lion deprived of the Duchy of Saxony
  • 1526-02-27 Saxony and Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)

Historic Event

1635-05-30 The Peace of Prague signed between the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and the Electorate of Saxony (representing Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire). It effectively ended the civil war aspect of the Thirty Years' War

  • 1664-04-06 France & Saxony sign alliance
  • 1697-06-02 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic
  • 1697-06-27 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king
  • 1700-02-12 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • 1719-01-05 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • 1745-01-08 Britain, Austria, Netherlands & Saxony sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
  • 1760-11-03 Battle at Torgau, Saxony: Prussia beats Austria
  • 1763-02-15 Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign the Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years' War
  • 1923-10-10 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government

Famous Birthdays

  • 0975-07-25 Thietmar, German chronicler and Bishop of Merseburg, born in Hildesheim, Saxony (d. 1018)
  • 1370-04-11 Frederick I the Warlike, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1428)
  • 1443-01-27 Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)
  • 1461-12-25 Christina of Saxony, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1521)
  • 1463-01-17 Frederick III [Frederick the Wise], Elector of Saxony (1486-25) who protected his subject Martin Luther, born in Torgau, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1525)
  • 1468-06-30 Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony (1525-32), born in Meissen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1532)
  • 1471-08-27 George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony (1500-39), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1473-03-16 Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony (d. 1541)
  • 1473-10-26 Duke Friedrich of Saxony, 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (1498-1510), born in Torgau, Germany (d. 1510)

Martin Luther

1483-11-10 Martin Luther, German theologian and key figure in the Protestant Reformation, born in Eisleben, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1546)

  • 1483-12-03 Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reformation theologist, born in Torgau, Saxony (d. 1565)
  • 1494-03-24 Georgius Agricola, German mineralogist (De Re Metallica), born in Glauchau, Saxony (d. 1555)
  • 1495-04-16 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, born in Leisnig, Saxony (d. 1552)
  • 1501-04-19 Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer, born in Annaberg, Saxony (d. 1559)
  • 1503-06-30 John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1532-47), born in Torgau, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1554)
  • 1511-10-22 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician (calculated planetary table), born in Saalfeld, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1553)
  • 1521-03-21 Maurice, Duke and later Elector of Saxony (1547-53), (d. 1553)
  • 1563-11-05 Anna van Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and his second wife, Anna of Saxony and wife of William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1588)
  • 1609-10-05 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)
  • 1613-06-10 Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (1656-80), born in Dresden (d. 1680)
  • 1630-10-14 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1714)
  • 1647-06-20 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1691)
  • 1651-04-10 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (Tschirnhaus transformation), born in Kieslingswalde, Margraviate Upper Lusatia, Saxony (d. 1708)
  • 1654-11-05 Christian Liebe, German composer, born in Freiberg, Saxony (d. 1708)
  • 1668-10-18 Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94)
  • 1670-05-12 Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)
  • 1682-07-10 Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India, born in Pulsnitz, Saxony (d. 1719)
  • 1682-09-13 Theodor Christlieb Reinhold, German composer, born in Eppendorf, Saxony (now Germany) (d. 1755)
  • 1698-04-05 Georg Gottfried Wagner, German composer, born in Mühlberg, Saxony, Germany (d. 1756)
  • 1700-05-26 Nicolaus Ludwig, Imperial Count von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, German religious and social reformer, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1760)
  • 1715-07-04 Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and novelist (Fables & Tales), born in Hainchen, Germany (d. 1769)
  • 1719-09-27 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, born in Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1800)
  • 1722-09-05 Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1724-11-24 Maria Amalia of Saxony, queen of Spain (d. 1760)
  • 1728-08-29 Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1728-12-25 Johann Adam Hiller, German composer, born in Wendisch-Ossig, Saxony (d. 1804)
  • 1736-11-18 Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, German composer, born in Zerbst, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1800)
  • 1738-07-11 Albert Casimir, Duke of Teschen and Governor of the Austrian Netherlands, born in Moritzburg, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1822)
  • 1748-02-05 Christian Gottlob Neefe, German composer, conductor and tutor of Beethoven, born in Shimnitz, Saxony (d. 1798)
  • 1750-08-10 Daniel Gottlob Türk, German organist and composer, born in Claußnitz, Saxony (d. 1813)
  • 1750-12-23 Frederik Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27) last Elector of Saxony, (d. 1827)
  • 1753-11-03 August Gottlieb Meißner, German Enlightenment author who helped develop the detective story genre in German literature, born in Bautzen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1807)
  • 1756-08-29 Heinrich Graf von Bellegarde, Austrian field marshal and statesman, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1845)
  • 1756-11-30 Ernst Chladni, German physicist and musician (Estimating the speed of sound Chladni's law), born in Wittenberg, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1827)
  • 1760-10-27 August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal, born in Schildau, Saxony (d. 1831)
  • 1763-01-29 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), born in Poserna, Saxony-Anhalt, (d. 1810)
  • 1772-05-02 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), born in Oberwiederstedt, Saxony (d. 1801)
  • 1777-09-07 Heinrich David Stölzel, German horn player who developed the first valve for brass instruments, born in Schneeberg, Saxony (d. 1844)
  • 1778-03-08 Friedrich August Kanne, Austrian-German composer, born in Delitzsch, Saxony (d. 1833)
  • 1780-07-25 Christian Theodor Weinlig, German composer, teacher and choir master, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1842)
  • 1781-06-05 Christian August Lobeck, German classical scholar, born in Naumburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1794-03-26 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, born in Leipzig, Saxony (d. 1872)
  • 1795-06-24 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (one of the founders of experimental psychology), born in Wittenberg, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1795-08-16 Heinrich August Marschner, German opera composer, born in Zittau, Saxony (d. 1861)
  • 1795-09-20 Charles Zeuner, German-American composer and organist, born in Eisleben, Saxony (d. 1857)

Leopold von Ranke

1795-12-21 Leopold von Ranke, German historian who founded the modern concept of source-based history, born in Wiehe, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1886)

  • 1797-05-18 Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony (1836-54)
  • 1801-11-13 Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony, born in Munich (d. 1877)
  • 1801-12-12 John, King of Saxony (1854-73) and translated Divina Commedia, born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1801-12-15 August Freyer, Polish musician and composer, born in Saxony (d. 1883)
  • 1803-12-07 Maria Josepha of Saxony, Queen consort of Spain, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Saxony (d. 1829)
  • 1805-01-27 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • 1808-08-29 Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch, German politician and reformer, born in Delitzsch, Saxony (d. 1883)
  • 1808-10-24 Ernst Richter, German musical theorist and composer, born in Großschönau, Saxony, Germany (d. 1879)
  • 1809-07-10 Friedrich August Quenstedt, German geologist and paleontologist, born in Eisleben, Saxony (d. 1889)

Robert Schumann

1810-06-08 Robert Schumann, German pianist, composer (Humoresque), and music critic (Neue Zeitschrift für Musik - New Journal for Music), born in Zwickau, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1856)

Richard Wagner

1813-05-22 Richard Wagner, German composer (The Ring of the Nibelung; Flying Dutchman), born in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany (d. 1883)

  • 1815-04-06 Friedrich Robert Volkmann, German composer, born in Lommatzsch, Saxony (d. 1883)
  • 1824-11-21 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1898)
  • 1828-04-23 Albert, King of Saxony (1873-1902), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1828-08-11 Edward Saloman, American politician, Governor of Wisconsin (1862-64), born in Ströbeck, Prussian Saxony (d. 1909)
  • 1833-08-05 Carola of Vasa, Queen consort of Saxony, born in Vienna (d. 1907)
  • 1834-09-15 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian and political writer, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1896)

Friedrich Nietzsche

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

  • 1850-07-12 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, born in Stendal, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1912)
  • 1857-07-05 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1859-09-24 Julius Klengel, German cellist and composer, born in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1859-12-31 Max Fiedler, German conductor and composer, born in Zittau, Saxony, (d. 1939)
  • 1862-04-14 Pyotr Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1863-09-06 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • 1864-04-21 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), born in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • 1865-05-25 Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxony (1904-18), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1865-07-02 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), born in Halberstadt, Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1916)
  • 1866-10-25 Georg Alfred Schumann, German composer, born in Königstein, Saxony, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1868-07-30 Alfred Weber, German economist and sociologist, born in Erfurt, Prussian Saxony (d. 1958)
  • 1874-04-18 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), born in Bischofswerda, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1883-08-07 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1934)
  • 1889-04-19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), born in Wurzen, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1893-06-30 Walter Ulbricht, German politician (Head Of State, German Democratic Republic), born in Leipzig, Saxony, German Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1897-11-22 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer, born in Chemnitz, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1989)
  • 1899-11-26 Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, born in Kamenz, Saxony, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1905-09-27 Ernst Baier, German figure skater (Olympic gold 1936), born in Zittau, Saxony, Germany (d. 2001)
  • 1912-10-14 Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex), born in Chemnitz, Saxony (d. 1984)
  • 1913-02-25 Gert Fröbe [Karl Gerhart Fröbe], German actor (Goldfinger, Lover's Wood, Upper Hand), born in Saxony, German Empire (d. 1988)
  • 1914-09-04 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive and 3rd postwar chairman of Volkswagen, born in Altmark, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1921-09-16 Fritz Geissler, German composer, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1984)
  • 1923-10-29 Dietrich Manicke, German composer, born in Wurzen, Saxony, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1926-07-01 Carl Hahn, German automotive executive (Volkswagen Group), born in Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany
  • 1927-12-31 Dieter Noll, German writer (Die Abenteuer des Werner Holt), born in Riesa, Saxony (d. 2008)
  • 1930-10-11 Harry Glaß, German ski jumper (Olympic bronze 1956), born in Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany (d. 1997)

Famous Weddings

  • 1853-05-19 Dutch prince Henry marries princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar

Famous Deaths

  • 0885-11-17 Liutgard of Saxony, Queen of the Franks (876-882)
  • 0973-03-27 Herman, Duke of Saxony
  • 0984-05-05 Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1011-02-09 Bernard I, Duke of Saxony
  • 1059-06-29 Bernard II, Duke of Saxony
  • 1072-03-28 Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (1059-1072)
  • 1106-08-23 Magnus, Duke of Saxony
  • 1113-08-04 Gertrude of Saxony (b. 1030)
  • 1428-01-04 Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 'The Warlike' (b. 1370)
  • 1510-12-14 Duke Friedrich of Saxony, 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (1498-1510), dies at 37
  • 1525-05-05 Frederick III [Frederick the Wise], Elector of Saxony (1486-25) who protected his subject Martin Luther, dies at 62
  • 1532-08-16 Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony (1525-32), dies at 64
  • 1539-04-17 George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony (1500-39), dies at 67
  • 1553-07-09 Maurice, Elector of Saxony (1547-53), dies of his wounds from the Battle of Sievershausen at 32 [some sources place death as July 11th]
  • 1554-03-03 Johann Friedrich, the Generous, Elector of Saxony (1532-47) and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), dies at 50
  • 1588-06-18 Anna van Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and his second wife, Anna of Saxony and wife of William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies at 24
  • 1680-08-22 Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (1656-80), dies at 67
  • 1691-09-12 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), dies at 44
  • 1694-04-27 Johan Georg IV, Elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
  • 1714-06-08 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony, dies at 83
  • 1827-05-05 Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27), dies at 76
  • 1829-05-18 Maria Josepha of Saxony, Queen consort of Spain, dies at 35
  • 1893-08-22 Ernst II, Duke of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha (1844-93) and composer, dies at 75
  • 1902-07-10 Albert, King of Saxony (1873-1902), dies at 74
  • 1932-02-18 Frederick Augustus III, last King of Saxony (1904-18), dies at 66
  • 1948-09-16 Ferdinand I MKLM, prince of Saxony-Coburg/tsar of Bulgaria, dies
  • 1974-03-12 George D. Sax, Drive-in bank and instant loan innovator. Owner of the Saxony Hotel. (b. 1904)