Dresden in History

Saxony: Leipzig

Historical Events

  • 1745-12-25 Prussia and Austria sign Treaty of Dresden giving much of Silesia to the Prussians
  • 1759-09-14 Austrian troops occupy Dresden

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813-08-27 Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1843-01-02 Richard Wagner's opera "The Flying Dutchman" premieres in Dresden

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • 1845-10-19 Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser" premieres in Dresden
  • 1849-05-03 The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848
  • 1882-09-10 1st international conference to promote anti-semitism meets Dresden Germany (Congress for Safeguarding of Non-Jewish Interests)

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1901-05-29 Ignacy Jan Paderewski's opera "Manru" has its world premiere in Dresden

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1901-11-21 Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot" premieres in Dresden

Composer and Conductor Richard Strauss
Composer and Conductor
Richard Strauss
  • 1905-12-09 Richard Strauss' opera "Salome" premieres in Dresden
  • 1909-01-25 Richard Strauss' premier of "Elektra" in Dresden
  • 1911-01-26 Richard Strauss's opera "Die Rosenkavalier" premieres, Dresden
  • 1915-03-14 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal
  • 1933-07-01 Strauss & von Hofmannsthal's opera "Arabella," premieres in Dresden

Battle of InterestBombing of Dresden

1945-02-13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die

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Dresden after the Allied firebombing campaign in 1945
Dresden after the Allied firebombing campaign in 1945
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  • 1945-02-14 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allied air forces
  • 1945-02-14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • 1945-03-02 US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • 1945-04-17 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • 1959-06-23 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific careerhistory of ultrasounds
  • 1977-07-01 East German sprinter Marlies Göhr sets world record for 100m (10.88) in Dresden, Germany
  • 2005-10-30 The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
  • 2019-11-25 Priceless royal jewelry stolen from Dresden Green Vault, in Germany, from one of Europe's greatest treasure collections

Famous Birthdays

  • 1370-04-11 Frederick I the Warlike, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1428)
  • 1592-06-13 Tobias Michael, German composer, born in Dresden (d. 1657)
  • 1613-06-10 Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (1656-80), born in Dresden (d. 1680)
  • 1642-07-22 Johann Quirsfeld, German composer, born in Dresden (d. 1686)
  • 1647-06-20 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1691)
  • 1652-10-13 Johann Heinrich Kittel, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1682)
  • 1666-03-15 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden) (d. 1738)
  • 1700-05-26 Nicolaus Ludwig, Imperial Count von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, German religious and social reformer, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1760)
  • 1700-07-15 Johann Christoph Richter, German composer Pantaleon Player and Organist, born in Dresden (d. 1785)
  • 1704-11-01 Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (editor of Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1779)
  • 1722-09-05 Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1723-06-11 Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer, 1st saw Halley's comet on return, born in Prohlis, Dresden, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1728-08-29 Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1741-04-17 Johann Gottlieb Naumann, German composer, born in Blasewitz, Dresden, Germany (d. 1801)
  • 1748-10-08 Franz Seydelmann, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1755-04-10 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, born in Meissen, Dresden (d. 1843)
  • 1756-08-29 Heinrich Graf von Bellegarde, Austrian field marshal and statesman, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1845)
  • 1772-07-25 Gottlob Benedikt Bierey, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1840)
  • 1780-07-25 Christian Theodor Weinlig, German composer, teacher and choir master, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1842)
  • 1783-06-29 August Alexander Klengel, German pianist and composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1792-10-13 Moritz Hauptmann, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1868)
  • 1799-04-13 Joseph Rastrelli, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1800-11-04 Eduard Brendler, Swedish composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1831)
  • 1801-12-12 John, King of Saxony (1854-73) and translated Divina Commedia, born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1803-12-07 Maria Josepha of Saxony, Queen consort of Spain, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Saxony (d. 1829)
  • 1813-09-28 Anton Wallerstein, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1821-03-26 Ernst Engel, German statistician and economist (Law of Engel), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1824-06-26 Moritz Fürstenau, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1889)
  • 1824-11-21 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1898)
  • 1828-04-23 Albert, King of Saxony (1873-1902), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1834-09-15 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian and political writer, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1896)
  • 1857-10-29 Konrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1862-04-14 Pyotr Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1865-05-25 Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxony (1904-18), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1876-01-29 [William] Havergal Brian, British composer ("Gothic" symphony), born in Dresden, Staffordshire (d. 1972)
  • 1883-09-14 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1888-08-09 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th" plotter, born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1889-04-22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • 1895-10-02 Fritz Eberhard, West German lawyer and resistor (Law), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1902-05-20 Hans Sahl, German American anti-Nazi Jewish writer, born in Dresden (d. 1993)
  • 1905-11-04 Martin Raschke, German author and publisher, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1906-04-09 Antal Doráti, Hungarian-American conductor (Minneapolis Symphony, 1949-1960; National Symphony, 1970-77), and composer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1988)
  • 1906-09-22 Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (commonly known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald"), born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1908-05-05 Kurt Böhme, German bass, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1989)
  • 1910-06-14 Rudolf Kempe, German conductor (Tonhalle Orch 1965-72), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1913-07-02 Edith Heerdegen, German actress (Serpent's Egg, Monpti), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1930-07-18 Siegfried Kurz, German conductor and composer, born in Dresden
  • 1935-01-26 Peter Ronnefeld, German composer and conductor (Die Nachtausgabe), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1935-07-29 Peter Schreier, German tenor and conductor (Dresden State Opera, 1962-2000), born in Meissen, Saxony, Germany (d. 2019)
  • 1935-08-12 Karl Mickel, German writer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1938-05-26 Jaki Liebesit, German rocker (Can), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 2017)
  • 1939-05-07 Volker Braun, German writer (Provocation for me), born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1941-04-30 Wilfried Jentzsh, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1943-07-29 Ingrid Krämer, German diver (Olympic gold medalist), born in Dresden Germany
  • 1947-07-19 Hans-Jürgen Kreische, East German footballer, born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1961-06-20 Karin Enke, German speed skater (3 Olympic gold 1980, 84), born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1964-09-04 René Pape, German opera singer (bass), born in Dresden, East Germany
  • 1970-06-17 Ron "Popeye" Jones, American NBA forward (Dallas Mavericks, Toronto Raptors), born in Dresden, Tennessee
  • 1976-04-30 Amanda Palmer, American performance artist, pianist, singer, and lyricist (The Dresden Dolls), born in New York City

Famous Deaths

  • 1738-03-16 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72
  • 1988-11-13 Antal Doráti, Hungarian-American conductor (Minneapolis Symphony, 1949-1960), dies at 82