Dresden in History

Saxony: Leipzig

Historical Events

  • 1745-12-25 Prussia and Austria sign Treaty of Dresden giving much of Silesia to the Prussians
  • 1759-09-14 Austrian troops occupy Dresden

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813-08-27 Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1843-01-02 Richard Wagner's opera "The Flying Dutchman" premieres in Dresden

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • 1845-10-19 Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser" premieres in Dresden
  • 1849-05-03 The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848
  • 1882-09-10 1st international conference to promote anti-semitism meets Dresden Germany (Congress for Safeguarding of Non-Jewish Interests)

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1901-05-29 Ignacy Jan Paderewski's opera "Manru" has its world premiere in Dresden

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1901-11-21 Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot" premieres in Dresden
  • 1905-12-09 Richard Strauss' opera "Salome" premieres in Dresden
  • 1909-01-25 Richard Strauss' premier of "Elektra" in Dresden
  • 1911-01-26 Richard Strauss's opera "Die Rosenkavalier" premieres, Dresden
  • 1915-03-14 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal
  • 1933-07-01 Strauss & von Hofmannsthal's opera "Arabella," premieres in Dresden
  • 1945-02-13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • 1945-02-14 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allied air forces
  • 1945-02-14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • 1945-03-02 US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • 1945-04-17 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • 1959-06-23 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career)
  • 1977-07-01 East German sprinter Marlies Göhr sets world record for 100m (10.88) in Dresden, Germany
  • 2005-10-30 The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1370-04-11 Frederick I the Warlike, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1428)
  • 1592-06-13 Tobias Michael, German composer, born in Dresden (d. 1657)
  • 1666-03-15 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden) (d. 1738)
  • 1700-05-26 Nicolaus Ludwig, Imperial Count von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, German religious and social reformer, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1760)
  • 1722-09-05 Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1723-06-11 Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer, 1st saw Halley's comet on return, born in Prohlis, Dresden, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1728-08-29 Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1741-04-17 Johann Gottlieb Naumann, German composer, born in Blasewitz, Dresden, Germany (d. 1801)
  • 1748-10-08 Franz Seydelmann, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1755-04-10 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, born in Meissen, Dresden (d. 1843)
  • 1756-08-29 Heinrich Graf von Bellegarde, Austrian field marshal and statesman, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1845)
  • 1772-07-25 Gottlob Benedikt Bierey, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1840)
  • 1780-07-25 Christian Theodor Weinlig, German composer, teacher and choir master, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1842)
  • 1783-06-29 August Alexander Klengel, German pianist and composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1821-03-26 Ernst Engel, German statistician and economist (Law of Engel), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1824-06-26 Moritz Fürstenau, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1889)
  • 1824-11-21 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, Dresden, German Mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium
  • 1828-04-23 Albert, King of Saxony (1873-1902), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1876-01-29 [William] Havergal Brian, British composer ("Gothic" symphony), born in Dresden, Staffordshire (d. 1972)
  • 1889-04-22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • 1902-05-20 Hans Sahl, German American anti-Nazi Jewish writer, born in Dresden (d. 1993)
  • 1906-04-09 Antal Dorati, Hungarian-American conductor (Minneapolis Symphony 1949-1960), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1988)
  • 1906-09-22 Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (commonly known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald"), born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1913-07-02 Edith Heerdegen, German actress (Serpent's Egg, Monpti), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1930-07-18 Siegfried Kurz, German conductor and composer, born in Dresden
  • 1935-01-26 Peter Ronnefeld, German composer and conductor (Die Nachtausgabe), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1935-07-29 Peter Schreier, Meissen Germany, tenor (Dresden State Opera 1961)
  • 1935-08-12 Karl Mickel, German writer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1939-05-07 Volker Braun, German writer (Provocation for me), born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1943-07-29 Ingrid Krämer, German diver (Olympic gold medalist), born in Dresden Germany
  • 1947-07-19 Hans-Jürgen Kreische, East German footballer, born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1961-06-20 Karin Enke, Dresden German DR, speed skater (Olympic gold 1980, 84)
  • 1970-06-17 Ron "Popeye" Jones, American NBA forward (Dallas Mavericks, Toronto Raptors), born in Dresden, Tennessee
  • 1976-04-30 Amanda Palmer, American musician (The Dresden Dolls)

Famous Deaths

  • 1738-03-16 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72
  • 1988-11-13 Antal Dorati, Hungarian-American conductor (Dresden Opera 1928-29), dies at 82