Leipzig in History

Saxony: Dresden

Historical Events

  • 1409-12-02 The University of Leipzig opens
  • 1642-11-02 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1724-04-07 Johann Sebastian Bach's "St John Passion" premieres in Leipzig

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813-10-16 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813-11-02 Treaty of Fulda signed in Germany after Battle of Leipzig
  • 1843-12-04 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1861-06-28 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863-01-01 Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Composer Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
  • 1879-01-01 John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
  • 1884-12-30 Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig
  • 1896-12-05 Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1906-11-11 Ethel Smyth's "Standrecht" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1923-09-19 Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
  • 1944-07-20 Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau
  • 1968-05-30 University church in Leipzig, German DR, blown up
  • 1987-05-13 Ajax of the Netherlands win 27th European Cup Winner's Cup against Lokomotive Leipzig 1-0 of East Germany in Athens
  • 2016-02-17 Oldest known case of human-Neanderthal sex (100,000 yrs ago) revealed by Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig), 50,000 yr old Neanderthal woman's remains from Altai mountains show traces of Homo Sapiens DNA

Famous Birthdays

  • 1579-07-25 Valerius Otto, German composer, born in Leipzig (d. after 1612)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1646-07-01 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (differential and integral calculus), born in Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1716)

Philosopher and Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Philosopher and Mathematician
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  • 1708-05-03 Johann Adolph Scheibe, German music theorist and composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1776)
  • 1735-09-05 Johann Christian Bach (English Bach), German composer, 11th son of Johann Sebastian Bach, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1782)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1813-05-22 Richard Wagner, German composer (Ring, Flying Dutchman), born in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany (d. 1883)

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • 1819-09-13 Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer of the Romantic era, born in Leipzig (d. 1896)
  • 1867-01-09 Jacques Urlus, Dutch tenor (Opera of Leipzig, Song of the Earth)
  • 1873-03-19 Max Reger, Brand Bavaria, composer/pianist/prof (Leipzig Univ)
  • 1884-03-26 Wilhelm Backhaus, Leipzig Germany, pianist (Rubinstein 1905)
  • 1884-07-31 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)
  • 1887-07-31 Hans Freyer, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1897-06-25 Hans Barth, German-born American composer, born in Leipzig (d. 1956)
  • 1897-08-31 Marianne Bruns, German writer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1900-04-28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • 1907-10-12 Wolfgang Fortner, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1908-04-09 Fred Lohse, German composer, born in Leipzig (d. 1987)
  • 1927-03-18 Lillian Vernon, founder and CEO of the Lillian Vernon Corporation (first company listed on US stock exchange started by a woman), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 2015)

Famous Deaths

  • 1935-06-06 Jacques Urlus, tenor (Opera of Leipzig, Song of the Earth), dies at 68
  • 1945-02-02 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60