Leipzig in History

Saxony: Dresden

Historical Events

  • 1409-12-02 The University of Leipzig opens
  • 1642-11-02 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria

Music Premiere

1724-04-07 Johann Sebastian Bach's "St John Passion" premieres in Leipzig

Victory in Battle

1813-10-16 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia

  • 1813-11-02 Treaty of Fulda signed in Germany after Battle of Leipzig

Music History

1843-12-04 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri" premieres in Leipzig

  • 1861-06-28 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest

Music History

1863-01-01 Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Music Premiere

1879-01-01 Johannes Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig

Music Premiere

1884-12-30 Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig

Theater Premiere

1896-12-05 Henrik Ibsen's play "Kejsor og Galileer" (Emperor and Galilean) premieres in Leipzig

  • 1906-11-11 Ethel Smyth's "Standrecht" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1923-09-19 Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
  • 1944-07-20 Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau
  • 1968-05-30 University church in Leipzig, German DR, blown up
  • 1987-05-13 Ajax of the Netherlands win 27th European Cup Winner's Cup against Lokomotive Leipzig 1-0 of East Germany in Athens

Sports History

1991-10-02 Steffi Graf beats Magdalena Maleeva of Bulgaria 6-2, 6-2 in the Volkswagen Cup in Leipzig to become the youngest woman to win 500 professional tennis matches

  • 2016-02-17 Oldest known case of human-Neanderthal sex (100,000 yrs ago) revealed by Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig), 50,000 yr old Neanderthal woman's remains from Altai mountains show traces of Homo Sapiens DNA

Famous Birthdays

  • 1579-07-25 Valerius Otto, German composer, born in Leipzig (d. after 1612)

Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716)

1646-07-01 German mathematician and philosopher (differential and integral calculus), born in Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1652-12-09 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1723)
  • 1655-08-13 Johann Christoph Denner, German musician and inventor (clarinet), baptized in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1707)
  • 1663-11-14 Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow, German musician and composer (Georg Frideric Handel's master), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1712) baptism date
  • 1688-05-25 Christian August Jacobi, German composer, born in Grimma, Leipzig (d. 1725)
  • 1708-05-03 Johann Adolph Scheibe, German music theorist and composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1776)
  • 1719-09-27 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, born in Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1800)
  • 1732-06-21 Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, composer and 5th son of Johann Sebastian Bach, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1795)
  • 1735-09-05 Johann Christian Bach (English Bach), German composer, 11th son of Johann Sebastian Bach, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1782)
  • 1756-07-02 Christian Gottfried Körner, German lawyer, born in Leipzig (d. 1831)
  • 1764-09-15 Friedrich Heine, German composer, born in Leipzig (d. 1821)
  • 1771-09-17 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1816)
  • 1794-03-26 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, born in Leipzig, Saxony (d. 1872)
  • 1799-10-15 August Ferdinand Haeser, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1844)

Richard WagnerRichard Wagner (1813-1883)

1813-05-22 German composer (The Ring of the Nibelung, The Flying Dutchman), born in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany

  • 1819-09-13 Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer of the Romantic era, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1820-10-01 Gustav Adolf Heinze, Dutch composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1854-07-04 Heinrich Zöllner, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1855-05-09 Julius Röntgen, German-Dutch composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1859-09-24 Julius Klengel, German cellist and composer, born in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1867-01-09 Jacques Urlus, Dutch dramatic tenor (Opera of Leipzig, 1900-14; Tristan und Isolde; Song of the Earth), born in Hergenrath, Rhine Province (now part of Kelmis, Belgium) (d. 1935)
  • 1871-08-13 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1873-03-19 Max Reger, German concert pianist, organist, composer (Hebbel Requiem), and professor (Royal Conservatory - Leipzig, 1907-16), born in Brand, Bavarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1881-04-25 Hans Windisch, German New Testament scholar, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1935)
  • 1884-03-26 Wilhelm Backhaus, German pianist (Rubinstein Competition winner, 1905), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1884-07-31 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)
  • 1887-07-31 Hans Freyer, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1892-07-03 Wilhelm Rettich, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1988)
  • 1893-06-30 Walter Ulbricht, German politician (Head Of State, German Democratic Republic), born in Leipzig, Saxony, German Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1897-06-25 Hans Barth, German-born American composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1897-08-31 Marianne Bruns, German writer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1898-07-06 Hanns Eisler, Austrian composer (East German National Anthem), born in Leipzig, German Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1900-04-28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • 1902-04-02 Jan Tschichold, German typographer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1904-09-21 Hans Hartung, German-French painter, born in Leipzig, German Empire (d. 1989)
  • 1907-10-12 Wolfgang Fortner, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1907-10-27 Helmut Walcha, a blind German organist (church music), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1908-04-09 Fred Lohse, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1987)
  • 1911-03-26 Bernard Katz, German-born Australian biophysicist (Nobel Prize 1970), born in Leipzig, German Empire
  • 1911-07-12 Johanna Moosdorf, German writer (Next Door), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1914-07-18 Herbert Collum, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1919-04-25 Heinz Wunderlich, German organist and composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1927-03-18 Lillian Vernon, founder and CEO of the Lillian Vernon Corporation (first company listed on US stock exchange started by a woman), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 2015)

Uta PippigUta Pippig (57 years old)

1965-09-07 German long distance runner, born in Leipzig, Germany

  • 1965-09-12 Silke Hörner, German breaststroke swimmer (2 Olympic gold 1988), born in Leipzig, Germany
  • 1966-02-07 Kristin Otto, German swimmer (6 Olympic gold 1988), born in Leipzig, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 1916-05-11 Max Reger, German composer, pianist and professor (Leipzig Univ), dies at 43
  • 1935-06-06 Jacques Urlus, Dutch dramatic tenor (Opera of Leipzig, 1900-14; Tristan und Isolde; Song of the Earth), dies at 68
  • 1945-02-02 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60