German History (Part 11)

Historical Events

Events 1001 - 1,100 of 2,176

  • 1939-09-01 Last day of 1st-class cricket in England before the declaration of war against Germany; great slow left-armer Hedley Verity finishes with amazing figures of 7 for 9 v Sussex to give Yorkshire the County Championship
  • 1939-09-01 World War II starts when Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig
  • 1939-09-03 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans
  • 1939-09-03 Mitford sister and Nazi sympathizer Unity Mitford attempts suicide after Britain declares war on Germany, bullet lodged in her brain eventually kills her in 1948
  • 1939-09-03 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • 1939-09-04 German troops move into Danzig

Historic Event

1939-09-05 New Zealand Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage declares New Zealand's support for Britain in the war with Germany; Savage famously told the nation 'where she goes, we go. Where she stands, we stand'

  • 1939-09-06 1st German air attack on Great Britain in WW II
  • 1939-09-06 South Africa declares war on Nazi-Germany

Declaration of War

1939-09-10 Canada, under the leadership of Mackenzie King, declares war on Germany

  • 1939-09-11 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939-09-11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1939-09-14 British fleet attacks German U-39 boat
  • 1939-09-17 German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • 1939-09-17 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland allowing Germans to advance West, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner, without a formal declaration of war
  • 1939-09-19 Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland
  • 1939-09-20 British navy captures German U-27 boat
  • 1939-09-25 Andorra and Germany sign a treaty ending World War I, as Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra
  • 1939-09-25 German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • 1939-09-26 German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed)
  • 1939-09-27 Warsaw surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance

Treaty of Interest

1939-09-28 German-Soviet Frontier Treaty is signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov; redraws German and Soviet spheres of influence in central Europe and transfers most of Lithuania to the USSR

  • 1939-09-30 Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland
  • 1939-10-08 Germany annexes Western Poland
  • 1939-10-14 German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed
  • 1939-10-28 Anti-German demonstrations and strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-10-28 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland

Victory in Battle

1939-10-30 German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard

Agreement of Interest

1939-10-30 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Adolf Hitler deports Jews

  • 1939-11-01 First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry
  • 1939-11-09 Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 British agents
  • 1939-11-15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-16 German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland
  • 1939-11-17 German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship
  • 1939-11-18 Dutch KNSM passenger ship Simón Bolívar hits German mine, 86 die
  • 1939-12-13 Battle of the River Plate - 3 British cruisers vs German pocket battleship Graf Spee
  • 1939-12-17 German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
  • 1939-12-22 Freight train and passenger train head-on collision kills 101 at Markdorf, Germany
  • 1939-12-22 Genthin, Germany rail disaster - 186 die in train wreck as an express has a rear-end collision with a train stopped at the station
  • 1940-01-06 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau.
  • 1940-01-09 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
  • 1940-01-15 German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch merchant ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)
  • 1940-02-16 British search plane finds German supply ship Altmark, used to accommodate allied sailors from vessels sunk by the Graf Spee off Norway
  • 1940-02-17 Altmark Incident: Crew of the British destroyer "Cossack" board German "Altmark" in Jøssingfjord, Norway, releasing 299 British prisoners after hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets and the last recorded Royal Naval action with cutlass
  • 1940-02-22 German air force sinks 2 German destroyers, killing 578

Historic Event

1940-03-15 Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest

  • 1940-03-16 German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow

Agreement of Interest

1940-03-18 Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler meet at Brenner Pass where the Italian dictator agrees he will, in due course, join Germany's impending war effort in the west

  • 1940-03-19 Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
  • 1940-04-08 German battle cruisers sink British aircraft carrier Glorious
  • 1940-04-09 German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
  • 1940-04-09 Nazi Germany invades Denmark and Norway, and Denmark surrenders after a six-hour battle
  • 1940-04-13 Second battle of Narvik; 3 German destroyers and one U-boat sunk by the Royal Navy, 5 more German destroyers scuttled
  • 1940-05-01 140 Palestinian Jews die as German planes bomb their ship
  • 1940-05-10 World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent
  • 1940-05-12 German tanks conquer Moerdijk bridges, Netherlands
  • 1940-05-13 German breakthrough at Grebbelinie
  • 1940-05-14 German breakthrough at Sedan
  • 1940-05-14 Nazis bomb Rotterdam (600-900 dead), Netherlands surrenders to Germany
  • 1940-05-15 German armoured division moves into Northern France
  • 1940-05-15 German troops occupy Amsterdam, General Winkelman surrenders
  • 1940-05-17 Germany occupies Brussels, Belgium and begins invasion of France
  • 1940-05-18 WWII: German troops conquer Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1940-05-20 German General Guderian's tanks reach the English Channel (British expeditionary army)
  • 1940-05-24 German tanks reach Atrecht, France
  • 1940-05-25 German troops conquer Boulogne
  • 1940-05-27 World War II: In the Le Paradis massacre, 97 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops
  • 1940-05-28 Belgium surrenders to Germany, King Leopold III gives himself up
  • 1940-05-29 In WWII, Germans capture Ostend & Ypres in Belgium and Lille in France
  • 1940-05-31 Winston Churchill flies to Paris to meet with French Marshal Philippe Pétain who announces he is willing to make a separate peace with Germany
  • 1940-06-05 General Von Bock starts a German offensive in the Somme
  • 1940-06-10 German "Dutch" Q-ship Atlantis sinks Norwegian tanker
  • 1940-06-10 German 5th Armoured division occupies Rouen
  • 1940-06-10 Italy declares war on France and Great Britain as part of its Axis alliance with Nazi Germany
  • 1940-06-10 Norway surrenders to Nazi Germany after 62 days of fighting
  • 1940-06-13 Paris evacuates before German advance
  • 1940-06-14 German forces enter Paris during WWII
  • 1940-06-14 German U-47 sinks airship Balmoral
  • 1940-06-15 World War II: France surrenders to NAZI Germany, German troops occupy Paris
  • 1940-06-17 France asks Germany for terms of surrender in WW II
  • 1940-06-17 Germany occupiers ration bread in Holland
  • 1940-06-18 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs and chickens

Historic Event

1940-06-19 German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

  • 1940-06-21 German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State
  • 1940-06-22 France surrenders to Nazi Germany, with the northern half of the country occupied and the south established as the Nazi client state Vichy France
  • 1940-06-22 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • 1940-06-30 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands
  • 1940-07-02 Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)
  • 1940-07-03 ARP-leader and Dutch ex-premier Colijn argues cooperation with Germany
  • 1940-07-03 British Royal Navy damages the French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it
  • 1940-07-03 German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names
  • 1940-07-09 German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
  • 1940-07-11 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay
  • 1940-07-20 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • 1940-08-03 German occupiers in France impose censorship rules on film, requiring approval prior to exhibition, and forbidding depiction of German losses in WWI
  • 1940-08-07 Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich (Germany) during World War II
  • 1940-08-08 31 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-08-11 38 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-08-11 German air raid on British ports Portland and Weymouth

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1001 - 1,100 of 3,440

  • 1823-04-04 Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German engineer and inventor (laid undersea cables), born in Gehrden, Hanover, Germany (d. 1883)
  • 1823-04-16 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • 1823-10-13 Immanuel Faisst, German composer, born in Esslingen am Neckar, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1823-10-26 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), born in Dzierżoniów, Poland (d. 1901)
  • 1823-12-06 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, born in Dessau, German Federation (d. 1900)
  • 1823-12-07 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker), born in Liegnitz, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1891)
  • 1823-12-10 Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner, German composer, born in Neukirchen, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1823-12-10 Wilhelm Kuhe, German composer, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1912)
  • 1824-03-12 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1887)
  • 1824-03-29 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1824-06-26 Moritz Fürstenau, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1889)
  • 1824-07-10 Rudolf von Bennigsen, German lawyer and politician, born in Lüneburg, Hanover (d. 1902)
  • 1824-11-18 Franz Sigel, German teacher, newspaperman, politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Sinsheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1824-11-21 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1898)
  • 1825-03-05 Joseph Albert, German photographer (albertotype)
  • 1825-06-28 Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenmeyer flask), born in Wehen, Duchy of Nassau (d. 1909)
  • 1825-07-09 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1825-09-11 Eduard Hanslick, German music critic, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1904)
  • 1826-01-06 Herman Grimm, German writer & novelist (Ralph Waldo Emerson), born in Kassel, Hesse (d. 1901)
  • 1826-02-16 Joseph V. von Scheffel, German writer (Gaudeamus)
  • 1826-03-09 Jean Joseph Bott, German violinist and composer, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1826-03-17 Oskar Peschel, German journalist/geography (Volkerkunder)
  • 1826-03-29 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), born in Giessen, Germany (d. 1900)
  • 1826-04-28 Alexander Stadtfeld, German composer, born in Wiesbaden, Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1853)
  • 1826-06-01 Carl Bechstein, German piano inventor
  • 1826-08-21 Karl Gegenbaur, German anatomist, born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1826-08-27 Hermann Kipper, German music teacher and composer, born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1826-09-17 Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), born in Breselenz, Hanover (d. 1866)
  • 1826-12-08 Friedrich Siemens, German industrialist, born in Menzendorf, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1827-02-02 Oswald Aschenbach, German painter
  • 1827-03-08 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), born in Berlin (d. 1875)
  • 1827-04-23 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, born in Winterberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1827-06-13 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1882)
  • 1827-09-08 Emil Naumann, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1888)
  • 1827-10-06 Cark Reidel, German composer and conductor, born in Cronenberg, Wuppertal (d. 1888)
  • 1827-11-12 Gustav Merkel, German organist (Dresden Cathedral, 1864-85), composer, and pedagogue (Dresden Conservatory), born in Oberoderwitz, Kingdom of Saxony (now Germany) (d. 1885)
  • 1828-01-05 August Valentine Kautz, German-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baden, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1828-01-10 Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate, born in Ostbevern, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1828-01-24 Ferdinand Cohn, German biologist, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1898)
  • 1828-02-19 Johannes von Miquel, German politician
  • 1828-04-23 Albert, King of Saxony (1873-1902), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1828-07-04 Wilhelm Ahlwardt, German orientalist, born in Greifswald, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1828-09-28 Friedrich Albert Lange, German philosopher and socialist (Neo-Kantianism), born in Wald, Solingen, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1828-10-03 Woldemar Bargiel, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1897)
  • 1828-11-07 Ludwig Deppe, German composer, born in Barntrup, Germany (d. 1890)
  • 1828-12-23 Mathilde Wesendonk, German writer and poet (Tagebuchblatter) whom composer Richard Wagner was infatuated with, born in Elberfeld (d. 1902)
  • 1828-12-28 Karl L Kahlbaum, German psychiatrist (katatonie)
  • 1829-01-03 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
  • 1829-01-09 Adolf von Schlagintweit, German explorer (Tarimbekken)
  • 1829-02-02 Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)

Levi StraussLevi Strauss (1829-1902)

1829-02-26 German-born American clothing designer who founded the 1st company to manufacture blue jeans (Levi Strauss & Co.), born in Buttenheim, Bavaria

  • 1829-03-02 Carl Schurz, German-American journalist and Major General (Union Army), born in Erftstadt, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1829-05-30 Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1897)
  • 1829-07-04 Hermann Kotzschmar, German-American composer, born in Finsterwalde, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1829-08-21 Otto Goldschmidt, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1907)
  • 1829-08-23 Moritz B. Cantor, German historian of mathematics, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1829-08-28 Albert Dietrich, German composer and conductor, born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1908)
  • 1829-09-06 Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1829-09-07 August Kekule von Stradonitz, German chemist who discovered structure of benzene ring, born in Darmstadt, Hesse (d. 1896)
  • 1829-09-12 Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, born in Speyer, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1830-01-07 Albert Bierstadt, German painter (US landscapes)
  • 1830-01-08 Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1830-03-15 Paul von Heyse, German writer (Nobel 1910)
  • 1830-03-30 Julius Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • 1830-04-19 Karl Josef Rudolph Cornely, German Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Breyell, Germany (d. 1908)
  • 1830-04-29 Adolph Sutro, German American engineer and politician, mayor of San Francisco, built Cliff House, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1898)
  • 1830-08-19 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev, born in Varel Oldenburg (d. 1895)
  • 1830-09-25 Karl Klindworth, German pianist and conductor, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1830-11-23 Kaspar von Zumbusch, German-Austria sculptor of public statues in Vienna, born in Herzebrock, Westphalia (d. 1915)
  • 1831-02-24 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor/premier of Prussia
  • 1831-03-06 Friedrich C K von Bodelschwingh, German theologist (Home Mission)
  • 1831-03-23 Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • 1831-04-14 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer and ambassador in Abyssinia, born in Vegesack, Bremen, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1831-06-26 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace), born in Rodenberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1831-06-28 Joseph Joachim, German violinist (Hungarian Concerto), born in Köpcsény, Moson County, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1907)
  • 1831-08-13 Salomon Jadassohn, German pianist and composer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1902)
  • 1831-09-08 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), born in Eschershausen, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1831-10-06 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1831-10-18 Frederick III, German Emperor (1888), born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1888)
  • 1831-12-10 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1832-02-26 John George Nicolay, German-American author (Abe Lincoln's biographer), born in Essingen, Rhenish Bavaria (d. 1901)
  • 1832-03-01 Friedrich Grutzmacher, German cellist and composer, born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1832-03-11 Franz Melde, German phyicist (Melde test)
  • 1832-04-15 Wilhelm Busch, German poet, born in Wiedensahl, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1908)
  • 1832-05-07 Carl Neumann, German mathematician and physicist (Neumann-functions), born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1925)
  • 1832-05-14 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1832-06-10 Nikolaus Otto, German engineer (gas motor, otto motor), born in Holzhausen an der Haide, Nassau (d. 1891)
  • 1832-07-24 Johann Christoph Lauterbach, German violinist and concert master, born in Kulmbach, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1832-07-25 Simon Hassler, German-American composer, born in Germany (d. 1901)
  • 1832-08-16 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist, psychologist and philosopher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1832-09-20 Johann Joseph Abert, German composer, born in Gastorf, Bohemia (d. 1915)
  • 1832-09-21 Friedrich Wilhelm Langhans, German musician and composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1832-10-02 Julius von Sachs, German botanist and naturalist, born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1897)
  • 1832-10-20 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (Lipsius-Bau), born in Leipzig (d. 1894)
  • 1832-11-26 Rudolph Koenig, German physicist, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1901)

Louisa May AlcottLouisa May Alcott (1832-1888)

1832-11-29 American author (Little Women), born in Germantown, Pennsylvania

  • 1833-03-09 Frederick A. Schroeder, American tobacco industrialist and mayor of Brooklyn, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1833-05-05 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, born in Carlsruhe, Prussian Silesia (d. 1905)

Johannes BrahmsJohannes Brahms (1833-1897)

1833-05-07 German composer and conductor (Hungarian Dances: A German Requiem), born in Hamburg, Germany

  • 1833-06-07 Alexander Ritter, German composer, born in Narva, Estonia (d. 1896)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1001 - 1,100 of 2,526

  • 1896-07-11 Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist/historian (Olympia), dies at 81
  • 1896-07-13 August Kekule von Stradonitz, German chemist who discovered structure of benzene ring, dies at 66
  • 1896-08-10 Otto Lilienthal, German aircraft pioneer, dies
  • 1896-12-08 Ernst Engel, German statistician and economist (Law of Engel), dies at 75
  • 1896-12-26 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, dies at 78
  • 1897-02-19 Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician (theory of functions), dies at 81
  • 1897-02-23 Woldemar Bargiel, German composer, dies at 68

Johannes BrahmsJohannes Brahms (1833-1897)

1897-04-03 German composer and conductor (Hungarian Dances; A German Requiem), dies at 63

  • 1897-05-29 Julius von Sachs, German botanist and naturalist, dies at 64
  • 1897-07-16 Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, dies at 1897
  • 1897-08-13 Antonius von der Linde, Dutch-German librarian and historian (history of chess), dies at 63
  • 1897-09-21 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)
  • 1898-04-21 Louis Théodore Gouvy, French-German composer, dies at 78
  • 1898-06-25 Ferdinand J. Cohn, German botanist and publicist, dies at 70

Otto von BismarckOtto von Bismarck (1815-1898)

1898-07-30 German chancellor (1866-90) who helped unify Germany, dies at 83

  • 1898-09-20 Theodor Fontane, German author (Der Stechlin), dies at 78
  • 1898-09-25 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, dies at 73
  • 1899-02-06 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor, dies at 67
  • 1899-02-25 Paul Julius von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news agency, dies at 82
  • 1899-04-20 Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
  • 1899-04-21 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer, dies at 80
  • 1899-05-01 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, dies at 75

Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen (1811-1899)

1899-08-16 German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, dies at 88

  • 1899-10-28 Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-American inventor who invented the linotype machine that revolutionized printing, dies of tuberculosis at 45
  • 1900-08-06 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), dies at 74

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

1900-08-25 German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies of a stroke due to syphilis at 55

  • 1900-10-28 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, dies at 76 (b. 1823)
  • 1901-01-24 Simon Hassler, German-American composer, dies at 68
  • 1901-03-08 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German politician, dies at 64
  • 1901-03-17 Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69
  • 1901-06-16 Herman Grimm, German writer, poet and historian, dies at 75
  • 1901-07-06 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1819)
  • 1901-08-05 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, dies at 60
  • 1901-08-15 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), dies at 77
  • 1901-10-02 Rudolph Koenig, German physicist, dies at 68
  • 1901-11-25 Josef Gabriel Rheinberger, German composer/music theorist, dies at 62
  • 1902-02-01 Salomon Jadassohn, German pianist & composer, dies at 70
  • 1902-02-10 J N Krieger, German Selenographer, dies
  • 1902-03-12 John Peter Altgeld, German-American politician (Governor of Illinois, 1893-97), known for pardoning of Haymarket anarchists, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage, while delivering a speech, at 54
  • 1902-06-10 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher and feminist, dies at 68
  • 1902-06-16 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), dies at 60
  • 1902-08-07 Rudolf von Bennigsen, German lawyer and politician, dies at 78
  • 1902-08-31 Mathilde Wesendonk, German author/poetess, dies at 73

Rudolf VirchowRudolf Virchow (1821-1902)

1902-09-05 German pathologist and politician (cell pathology), dies at 80

  • 1902-12-11 Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica), dies at 68
  • 1903-09-04 Hermann Zumpe, German composer, dies at 53
  • 1903-09-18 Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1903-10-07 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)

Theodor MommsenTheodor Mommsen (1817-1903)

1903-11-01 German historian and scholar (Nobel Prize in Literature 1902), dies at 85

  • 1903-11-13 Wilhelm von Polenz, German author (Country of Zukunft), dies
  • 1904-01-05 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • 1904-04-16 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet, dies at 16
  • 1904-04-24 Friedrich Siemens, German industrialist, dies at 77
  • 1904-05-06 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, dies at 67
  • 1904-08-04 Arnold Krug, German composer, dies at 54
  • 1904-08-06 Eduard Hanslick, German music critic, dies at 78
  • 1904-08-09 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • 1904-09-18 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto, dies
  • 1905-01-14 Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • 1905-02-01 Oswald Aschenbach, German painter, dies at 77
  • 1905-06-04 Carl Albert Löschhorn, German composer, dies at 85
  • 1905-06-15 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa,, dies at 51
  • 1905-08-21 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), dies at 80
  • 1905-09-21 Rudolf Baumbach, German writer of student drinking songs, dies at 64
  • 1905-10-06 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, dies at 72
  • 1906-03-01 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), dies at 68
  • 1906-03-10 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), dies at 67
  • 1906-05-14 Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)
  • 1906-05-31 Hermann Schell, German theologist (Gott und Geist), dies at 56
  • 1906-06-05 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • 1906-06-11 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Das Lied der Menschheit), dies at 50
  • 1906-06-22 Fritz Schaudinn, German zoologist (examined syphilis), dies at 34
  • 1906-07-05 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), committed suicide at 42
  • 1907-02-24 Otto Goldschmidt, German composer, dies at 77
  • 1907-03-05 Friedrich Blass, German classical scholar (b. 1843)
  • 1907-07-06 August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German Linguist, Theologian (b. 1826)
  • 1907-08-15 Joseph Joachim, German violinist (Hungarian Concerto), dies at 76
  • 1907-12-21 Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (public baths), dies at 58
  • 1908-02-23 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1908-06-11 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, dies at 45
  • 1908-11-19 Albert Dietrich, German composer and conductor, dies at 79
  • 1909-01-12 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)
  • 1909-01-15 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63
  • 1909-01-22 Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenmeyer flask), dies at 83
  • 1909-02-02 Adolf Stoecker, German conservative politician, and reformer who founded the German Christian Social Party, dies at 73
  • 1909-04-12 Hermann Kotzschmar, German-American composer, dies at 79
  • 1909-05-05 Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
  • 1909-05-08 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), dies at 72
  • 1909-06-22 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet, dies at 65
  • 1909-11-02 Wilhelm Ahlwardt, German orientalist, dies at 81
  • 1910-01-17 Wilhelm F Kohlrausch, German physicist (Additiviteitsregel), dies at 69
  • 1910-02-01 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), dies at 44
  • 1910-04-01 Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver, dies at 94
  • 1910-04-02 Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, German theologist, dies at 79

Robert KochRobert Koch (1843-1910)

1910-05-27 German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), dies at 66

  • 1910-07-10 Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer, discoverer of Neptune by telescope, dies at 98
  • 1910-09-05 Franz Xaver Haberl, German priest and musicologist (Magister choralis), dies at 70
  • 1910-10-25 Hermann Kipper, German music teacher and composer, dies at 84
  • 1910-11-15 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), dies at 79
  • 1910-11-19 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), dies at 74