German History (Part 11)

Historical Events

Events 1001 - 1,100 of 2,188

  • 1939-06-01 Retired German Colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
  • 1939-07-06 German Nazis close last Jewish enterprises
  • 1939-08-22 Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939-08-23 Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree the Molotov-Ribbentrop non-aggression pact and secretly divide Poland between themselves, setting the stage for World War II

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1939-08-24 Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • 1939-08-27 Nazi Germany demands Danzig & Polish corridor
  • 1939-08-27 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands receives German ambassador Grave Zech
  • 1939-08-28 Journalist Care Hollingworth observes the “large numbers of troops, literally hundreds of tanks, armored cars and field guns” Germany had aligned along the Polish border. Three days later, Hitler invades Poland and WWII begins.
  • 1939-09-01 World War II starts when Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig
  • 1939-09-01 Last day of 1st-class cricket in England before the declaration of war against Germany; great slow left-armer Hedley Verity finishes with amazing figures of 7 for 9 v Sussex to give Yorkshire the County Championship
  • 1939-09-03 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans
  • 1939-09-03 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • 1939-09-03 Mitford sister and Nazi sympathizer Unity Mitford attempts suicide after Britain declares war on Germany, bullet lodged in her brain eventually kills her in 1948
  • 1939-09-04 German troops move into Danzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-09-05 New Zealand Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage declares New Zealand's support for Britain in the war with Germany; Savage famously told the nation 'where she goes, we go. Where she stands, we stand'

New Zealand Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage
New Zealand Prime Minister
Michael Joseph Savage
  • 1939-09-06 1st German air attack on Great Britain in WW II

  • 1939-09-06 South Africa declares war on Nazi-Germany

BattleDeclaration of War

1939-09-10 Canada, under the leadership of Mackenzie King, declares war on Germany

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • 1939-09-11 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939-09-11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1939-09-14 British fleet attacks German U-39 boat
  • 1939-09-17 German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • 1939-09-17 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland allowing Germans to advance West, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner, without a formal declaration of war
  • 1939-09-19 Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland
  • 1939-09-20 British navy captures German U-27 boat
  • 1939-09-25 German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • 1939-09-25 Andorra and Germany sign a treaty ending WW I, as Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra
  • 1939-09-26 German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed)
  • 1939-09-27 Warsaw surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939-09-28 German-Soviet Frontier Treaty is signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov; redraws German and Soviet spheres of influence in central Europe and transfers most of Lithuania to the USSR

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • 1939-09-30 Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland
  • 1939-10-08 Germany annexes Western Poland
  • 1939-10-14 German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed
  • 1939-10-28 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-10-28 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1939-10-30 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Adolf Hitler deports Jews

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1939-10-30 German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1939-11-01 First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry
  • 1939-11-09 Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 British agents
  • 1939-11-15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-16 German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland
  • 1939-11-17 German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship
  • 1939-11-18 Dutch KNSM passenger ship Simón Bolívar hits German mine, 86 die
  • 1939-12-13 Battle of the River Plate - 3 British cruisers vs German pocket battleship Graf Spee
  • 1939-12-17 German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
  • 1939-12-22 125 die in train wreck at Magdeburg Germany
  • 1939-12-22 99 die in 2nd wreck at Friedrichshafen Germany
  • 1940-01-06 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau.
  • 1940-01-09 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
  • 1940-01-15 German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch merchant ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)
  • 1940-02-16 British search plane finds German supply ship Altmark, used to accommodate aliied sailors from vessles sunk by the Graf Spee, off Norway
  • 1940-02-17 Altmark Incident: Crew of the British destroyer "Cossack" board German "Altmark" in Jøssingfjord, Norway, releasing 299 British prisoners after hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets and the last recorded Royal Naval action with cutlass
  • 1940-02-22 German air force sinks 2 German destroyers, killing 578

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-03-15 Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1940-03-16 German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1940-03-18 Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler meet at Brenner Pass where the Italian dictator agrees he will, in due course, join Germany's impending war effort in the west

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940-03-19 Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
  • 1940-04-08 German battle cruisers sink British aircraft carrier Glorious
  • 1940-04-09 German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
  • 1940-04-09 Nazi Germany invades Denmark and Norway, and Denmark surrenders after a six-hour battle
  • 1940-04-13 Second battle of Narvik; 3 German destroyers and one U-boat sunk by the Royal Navy, 5 more German destroyers scuttled.
  • 1940-05-01 140 Palestinian Jews die as German planes bomb their ship
  • 1940-05-10 World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent
  • 1940-05-12 German tanks conquer Moerdijkbrug
  • 1940-05-13 German breakthrough at Grebbelinie
  • 1940-05-14 German breakthrough at Sedan
  • 1940-05-14 Nazis bomb Rotterdam (600-900 dead), Netherlands surrenders to Germany
  • 1940-05-15 German armoured division moves into Northern France
  • 1940-05-15 German troops occupy Amsterdam, General Winkelman surrenders
  • 1940-05-17 Germany occupies Brussels, Belgium and begins invasion of France
  • 1940-05-18 German troops conquer Brussels
  • 1940-05-20 German General Guderian's tanks reach the English Channel (British expeditionary army)
  • 1940-05-24 German tanks reach Atrecht, France
  • 1940-05-25 German troops conquer Boulogne
  • 1940-05-27 World War II: In the Le Paradis massacre, 97 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops
  • 1940-05-28 Belgium surrenders to Germany, King Leopold III gives himself up
  • 1940-05-29 In WWII, Germans capture Ostend & Ypres in Belgium and Lille in France
  • 1940-05-31 Winston Churchill flies to Paris to meet with French Marshal Philippe Pétain who announces he is willing to make a separate peace with Germany
  • 1940-06-02 Heavy German bombing on Dunkirk beach
  • 1940-06-05 General Von Bock starts a German offensive in the Somme
  • 1940-06-10 German "Dutch" Q-ship Atlantis sinks Norwegian tanker
  • 1940-06-10 German 5th Armoured division occupies Rouen
  • 1940-06-10 Italy declares war on France and Great Britain as part of its Axis alliance with Nazi Germany
  • 1940-06-10 Norway surrenders to Nazi Germany after 62 days of fighting
  • 1940-06-13 Paris evacuates before German advance
  • 1940-06-14 German forces enter Paris during WWII
  • 1940-06-14 German U-47 sinks airship Balmoral
  • 1940-06-15 World War II: France surrenders to NAZI Germany, German troops occupy Paris
  • 1940-06-17 France asks Germany for terms of surrender in WW II
  • 1940-06-17 Germany occupiers ration bread in Holland
  • 1940-06-18 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs and chickens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-06-19 German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1940-06-21 German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State
  • 1940-06-22 France surrenders to Nazi Germany, with the northern half of the country occupied and the south established as the Nazi client state Vichy France
  • 1940-06-22 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • 1940-06-30 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands
  • 1940-07-02 Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)
  • 1940-07-03 ARP-leader/ex-premier Colijn argues cooperation with Germany
  • 1940-07-03 British Royal Navy damages the French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it
  • 1940-07-03 German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1001 - 1,100 of 3,455

  • 1823-04-04 Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German engineer and inventor (laid undersea cables), born in Gehrden, Hanover, Germany (d. 1883)
  • 1823-04-16 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • 1823-10-13 Immanuel Faisst, German composer, born in Esslingen am Neckar, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1823-10-26 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), born in Dzierżoniów, Poland (d. 1901)
  • 1823-12-06 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, born in Dessau, German Federation (d. 1900)
  • 1823-12-07 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker), born in Liegnitz, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1891)
  • 1823-12-10 Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner, German composer, born in Neukirchen, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1823-12-10 Wilhelm Kuhe, German composer, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1912)
  • 1824-03-12 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1887)
  • 1824-03-29 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1824-06-26 Moritz Fürstenau, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1889)
  • 1824-07-10 Rudolf von Bennigsen, German lawyer and politician, born in Lüneburg, Hanover (d. 1902)
  • 1824-11-18 Franz Sigel, German teacher, newspaperman, politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Sinsheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1824-11-21 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1898)
  • 1825-03-05 Joseph Albert, German photographer (albertotype)
  • 1825-06-28 Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenmeyer flask), born in Wehen, Duchy of Nassau (d. 1909)
  • 1825-07-09 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1825-08-26 Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian
  • 1825-09-11 Eduard Hanslick, German music critic, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1904)
  • 1826-01-06 Herman Grimm, German writer & novelist (Ralph Waldo Emerson), born in Kassel, Hesse (d. 1901)
  • 1826-02-16 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Gaudeamus)
  • 1826-03-09 Jean Joseph Bott, German violinist and composer, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1826-03-17 Oskar Peschel, German journalist/geography (Volkerkunder)
  • 1826-03-29 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), born in Giessen, Germany (d. 1900)
  • 1826-04-28 Alexander Stadtfeld, German composer, born in Wiesbaden, Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1853)
  • 1826-06-01 Carl Bechstein, German piano inventor
  • 1826-08-21 Karl Gegenbaur, German anatomist, born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1826-08-27 Hermann Kipper, German music teacher and composer, born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1826-09-17 Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), born in Breselenz, Hanover (d. 1866)
  • 1826-12-08 Friedrich Siemens, German industrialist, born in Menzendorf, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1827-02-02 Oswald Aschenbach, German painter
  • 1827-03-08 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), born in Berlin (d. 1875)
  • 1827-04-23 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, born in Winterberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1827-06-13 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1882)
  • 1827-09-08 Emil Naumann, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1888)
  • 1827-10-06 Cark Reidel, German composer and conductor, born in Cronenberg, Wuppertal (d. 1888)
  • 1827-11-12 Gustav Merkel, German organist and composer (d. 1885)
  • 1828-01-05 August Valentine Kautz, German-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baden, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1828-01-10 Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate, born in Ostbevern, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1828-01-24 Ferdinand Cohn, German biologist, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1898)
  • 1828-02-19 Johannes von Miquel, German politician
  • 1828-04-23 Albert, King of Saxony (1873-1902), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1828-07-04 Wilhelm Ahlwardt, German orientalist, born in Greifswald, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1828-09-28 Friedrich Albert Lange, German philosopher and socialist (Neo-Kantianism), born in Wald, Solingen, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1828-10-03 Woldemar Bargiel, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1897)
  • 1828-11-07 Ludwig Deppe, German composer, born in Barntrup, Germany (d. 1890)
  • 1828-12-23 Mathilde Wesendonk, German writer/poet (Tagebuchblatter)
  • 1828-12-28 Karl L Kahlbaum, German psychiatrist (katatonie)
  • 1829-01-03 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
  • 1829-01-09 Adolf von Schlagintweit, German explorer (Tarimbekken)
  • 1829-02-02 Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)

Person of interestLevi Strauss

1829-02-26 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer, born in Buttenheim, Bavaria (d. 1902)

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1829-03-02 Carl Schurz, German-American journalist and Major General (Union Army), born in Erftstadt, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1829-05-30 Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1897)
  • 1829-07-04 Hermann Kotzschmar, German-American composer, born in Finsterwalde, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1829-08-21 Otto Goldschmidt, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1907)
  • 1829-08-23 Moritz B. Cantor, German historian of mathematics, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1829-08-28 Albert Dietrich, German composer and conductor, born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1908)
  • 1829-09-06 Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1829-09-07 August Kekule von Stradonitz, German chemist who discovered structure of benzene ring, born in Darmstadt, Hesse (d. 1896)
  • 1829-09-12 Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, born in Speyer, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1830-01-07 Albert Bierstadt, German painter (US landscapes)
  • 1830-01-08 Hans von Bülow, German pianist & composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1830-03-15 Paul von Heyse, German writer (Nobel 1910)
  • 1830-03-30 Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • 1830-04-19 Karl Josef Rudolph Cornely, German Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Breyell, Germany (d. 1908)
  • 1830-04-29 Adolph Sutro, German American engineer and politician, mayor of San Francisco, built Cliff House, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1898)
  • 1830-08-19 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev, born in Varel Oldenburg (d. 1895)
  • 1830-09-25 Karl Klindworth, German pianist and conductor, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1830-11-23 Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor
  • 1831-02-24 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor/premier of Prussia
  • 1831-03-06 Friedrich C K von Bodelschwingh, German theologist (Home Mission)
  • 1831-03-23 Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • 1831-04-14 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer and ambassador in Abyssinia, born in Vegesack, Bremen, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1831-06-26 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace), born in Rodenberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1831-06-28 Joseph Joachim, German violinist (Hungarian Concerto), born in Köpcsény, Moson County, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1907)
  • 1831-08-13 Salomon Jadassohn, German pianist and composer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1902)
  • 1831-09-08 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), born in Eschershausen, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1831-10-06 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1831-10-18 Frederik III NK of Hohenzollern, German Kaiser/king of Prussia
  • 1831-12-10 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1832-02-26 John George Nicolay, German-American author (Abe Lincoln's biographer), born in Essingen, Rhenish Bavaria (d. 1901)
  • 1832-03-01 Friedrich Grutzmacher, German cellist and composer, born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1832-03-11 Franz Melde, German phyicist (Melde test)
  • 1832-04-15 Wilhelm Busch, German poet, born in Wiedensahl, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1908)
  • 1832-05-07 Carl Neumann, German mathematician and physicist (Neumann-functions), born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1925)
  • 1832-05-14 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1832-06-10 Nikolaus Otto, German engineer (gas motor, otto motor), born in Holzhausen an der Haide, Nassau (d. 1891)
  • 1832-07-24 Johann Christoph Lauterbach, German violinist and concert master, born in Kulmbach, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1832-07-25 Simon Hassler, German-American composer, born in Germany (d. 1901)
  • 1832-08-16 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist, psychologist and philosopher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1832-09-20 Johann Joseph Abert, German composer, born in Gastorf, Bohemia (d. 1915)
  • 1832-09-21 Friedrich Wilhelm Langhans, German musician and composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1832-10-02 Julius von Sachs, German botanist and naturalist, born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1897)
  • 1832-10-20 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (d. 1894)
  • 1832-11-26 Rudolph Koenig, German physicist, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1901)

Person of interestLouisa May Alcott

1832-11-29 Louisa May Alcott, American author (Little Women), born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 1888)

  • 1833-03-09 Frederick A. Schroeder, American tobacco industrialist and mayor of Brooklyn, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1833-05-05 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, born in Carlsruhe, Prussian Silesia (d. 1905)
  • 1833-05-07 Johannes Brahms, German composer and conductor, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1897)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1001 - 1,100 of 2,540

  • 1896-01-20 Henry von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Queen Victoria, dies at 37
  • 1896-02-13 Carl Martin Reinthaler, German composer, dies at 73
  • 1896-04-12 Alexander Ritter, German composer, dies at 62
  • 1896-04-28 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian & political writer, dies at 61
  • 1896-05-20 Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer of the Romantic era, dies of a stroke at 76
  • 1896-06-02 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer and ambassador in Abyssinia, dies at 65
  • 1896-07-11 Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist/historian (Olympia), dies at 81
  • 1896-07-13 August Kekule von Stradonitz, German chemist who discovered structure of benzene ring, dies at 66
  • 1896-08-10 Otto Lilienthal, German aircraft pioneer, dies
  • 1896-12-08 Ernst Engel, German statistician and economist (Law of Engel), dies at 75
  • 1896-12-26 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, dies at 78
  • 1897-02-19 Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician (theory of functions), dies at 81
  • 1897-02-23 Woldemar Bargiel, German composer, dies at 68
  • 1897-04-03 Johannes Brahms, German composer and conductor (Hung Dances), dies at 63
  • 1897-05-29 Julius von Sachs, German botanist and naturalist, dies at 64
  • 1897-07-16 Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, dies at 1897
  • 1897-08-13 Antonius von der Linde, Neth/German librarian, dies at 63
  • 1897-09-21 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)
  • 1898-04-21 Louis Théodore Gouvy, French-German composer, dies at 78
  • 1898-06-25 Ferdinand J Cohn, German botanist/publicist, dies at 70

Person of interestOtto von Bismarck

1898-07-30 Otto von Bismarck, German "Iron" chancellor, dies at 83

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1898-09-20 Theodor Fontane, German author (Der Stechlin), dies at 78
  • 1898-09-25 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, dies at 73
  • 1899-02-06 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor, dies at 67
  • 1899-02-25 Paul Julius von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news agency, dies at 82
  • 1899-04-20 Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
  • 1899-04-21 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer, dies at 80
  • 1899-05-01 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, dies at 75

Person of interestRobert Bunsen

1899-08-16 Robert Bunsen, German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, dies at 88

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Chemist
Robert Bunsen
  • 1899-10-28 Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)
  • 1900-08-06 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), dies at 74

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1900-08-25 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies at 55

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1900-10-28 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, dies at 76 (b. 1823)
  • 1901-01-24 Simon Hassler, German-American composer, dies at 68
  • 1901-03-08 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German politician, dies at 64
  • 1901-03-17 Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69
  • 1901-06-16 Herman Grimm, German writer, poet and historian, dies at 75
  • 1901-07-06 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1819)
  • 1901-08-05 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, dies at 60
  • 1901-08-15 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), dies at 77
  • 1901-10-02 Rudolph Koenig, German physicist, dies at 68
  • 1901-11-25 Josef Gabriel Rheinberger, German composer/music theorist, dies at 62
  • 1902-02-01 Salomon Jadassohn, German pianist and composer, dies at 70
  • 1902-02-10 J N Krieger, German Selenographer, dies
  • 1902-03-12 John Peter Altgeld, German/US governor of Illinois, dies at 54
  • 1902-06-10 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher and feminist, dies at 68
  • 1902-06-16 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), dies at 60
  • 1902-08-07 Rudolf von Bennigsen, German lawyer and politician, dies at 78
  • 1902-08-31 Mathilde Wesendonk, German author/poetess, dies at 73

Person of interestRudolf Virchow

1902-09-05 Rudolf Virchow, German pathologist and politician (cell pathology), dies at 80

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Anthropologist/Pathologist
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1902-12-11 Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica), dies at 68
  • 1903-09-04 Hermann Zumpe, German composer, dies at 53
  • 1903-09-18 Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1903-10-07 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)

Person of interestTheodor Mommsen

1903-11-01 Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Nobel Prize in Literature 1902), dies at 85

Historian Theodor Mommsen
Historian
Theodor Mommsen
  • 1903-11-13 Wilhelm von Polenz, German author (Country of Zukunft), dies
  • 1904-01-05 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • 1904-04-16 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet, dies at 16
  • 1904-04-24 Friedrich Siemens, German industrialist, dies at 77
  • 1904-05-06 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, dies at 67
  • 1904-08-04 Arnold Krug, German composer, dies at 54
  • 1904-08-06 Eduard Hanslick, German music critic, dies at 78
  • 1904-08-09 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • 1904-09-18 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto, dies
  • 1905-01-14 Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • 1905-02-01 Oswald Aschenbach, German painter, dies at 77
  • 1905-06-04 Carl Albert Löschhorn, German composer, dies at 85
  • 1905-06-15 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa,, dies at 51
  • 1905-08-21 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), dies at 80
  • 1905-09-21 Rudolf Baumbach, German writer of student drinking songs, dies at 64
  • 1905-10-06 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, dies at 72
  • 1906-03-01 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), dies at 68
  • 1906-03-10 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), dies at 67
  • 1906-05-14 Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)
  • 1906-05-31 Hermann Schell, German theologist (Gott und Geist), dies at 56
  • 1906-06-05 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • 1906-06-11 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Das Lied der Menschheit), dies at 50
  • 1906-06-22 Fritz Schaudinn, German zoologist (examined syphilis), dies at 34
  • 1906-07-05 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), committed suicide at 42
  • 1907-02-24 Otto Goldschmidt, German composer, dies at 77
  • 1907-03-05 Friedrich Blass, German classical scholar (b. 1843)
  • 1907-07-06 August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German Linguist, Theologian (b. 1826)
  • 1907-08-15 Joseph Joachim, German violinist (Hungarian Concerto), dies at 76
  • 1907-12-21 Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (public baths), dies at 58
  • 1908-02-23 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1908-06-11 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, dies at 45
  • 1908-11-19 Albert Dietrich, German composer and conductor, dies at 79
  • 1909-01-12 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)
  • 1909-01-15 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63
  • 1909-01-22 Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenmeyer flask), dies at 83
  • 1909-02-02 Adolf Stoecker, German conservative politician, and reformer who founded the German Christian Social Party, dies at 73
  • 1909-04-12 Hermann Kotzschmar, German-American composer, dies at 79
  • 1909-05-05 Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
  • 1909-05-08 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), dies at 72
  • 1909-06-22 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet, dies at 65
  • 1909-11-02 Wilhelm Ahlwardt, German orientalist, dies at 81
  • 1910-01-17 Wilhelm F Kohlrausch, German physicist (Additiviteitsregel), dies at 69
  • 1910-02-01 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), dies at 44
  • 1910-04-01 Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver, dies at 94
  • 1910-04-02 Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, German theologist, dies at 79