German History (Part 12)

Historical Events

Events 1101 - 1,200 of 2,188

  • 1940-07-09 German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
  • 1940-07-11 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay
  • 1940-07-20 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • 1940-08-03 German occupiers forbid ritual slaughters & English & French movies
  • 1940-08-07 Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich (Germany) during World War II
  • 1940-08-08 31 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-08-11 38 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-08-11 German air raid on British ports Portland and Weymouth

BattleBattle of Interest

1940-08-13 Battle of Britain: Hermann Goering's "Adlertag" (Eagle Day) offensive happens, intending to destroy the Royal Air Force; 47-48 German aircraft shot down, the RAF loses 25 planes

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1940-08-15 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • 1940-08-16 45 German aircrafts shot down over England
  • 1940-08-23 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
  • 1940-08-25 First British night bombing of Germany (Berlin)
  • 1940-08-31 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War''Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

1940-09-07 Beginning of the Blitz: the German Luftwaffe bomb London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights as the Nazis prepare to invade Britain
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Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
  • 1940-09-09 28 German aircraft shot down above England

  • 1940-09-10 Buckingham Palace hit by German bomb
  • 1940-09-11 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940-09-13 Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940-09-14 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-09-17 Adolf Hitler indefinitely postpones Operation Sealion, the planned German invasion of Great Britain

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940-09-18 19 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940-09-25 German High Commissioner in Norway sets up Vidkun Quisling government
  • 1940-09-27 55 German aircrafts shot down above England
  • 1940-09-27 Nazi Germany, Italy & Japan sign 10 year formal alliance (Axis)
  • 1940-09-28 Nazi occupiers present "New Dutch Culture" in German
  • 1940-09-30 47 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940-10-02 17 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-10-04 12 German aircrafts shot down above England
  • 1940-10-08 German troops occupies Romania
  • 1940-10-15 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • 1940-10-15 London's Waterloo Station bombed by German luftwaffe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-10-16 Warsaw Ghetto is formed by German Governor-General Hans Frank

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1940-10-17 German occupiers issue identity cards
  • 1940-11-14 During WW II, German planes destroy most of Coventry, England
  • 1940-11-16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.

  • 1940-11-19 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450
  • 1940-11-26 Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw
  • 1940-12-06 Gestapo arrest German resistance fighter/poster artist Helen Ernst

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-12-11 Russian general Georgy Zhukov warns of German assault

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1941-01-02 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1941-01-31 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • 1941-02-11 Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
  • 1941-02-14 German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1941-02-22 German assault on El Agheila Libya
  • 1941-03-01 German troops invade Bulgaria
  • 1941-03-02 World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1941-03-12 German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
  • 1941-03-20 Nazi-German Yugoslav pact drawn
  • 1941-03-24 German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
  • 1941-03-27 Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
  • 1941-03-30 German counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1941-04-01 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • 1941-04-01 The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
  • 1941-04-02 German occupier disallows Dutch scouting association

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-04-03 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill warns Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that a German invasion is imminent

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1941-04-03 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941-04-04 German troops conquer Benghazi, Libya
  • 1941-04-06 Beginning of operation Bestrafung - German bombers attack Belgrade (17,000 die)
  • 1941-04-06 German bombardment of Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
  • 1941-04-10 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica
  • 1941-04-11 Germany blitzes Coventry, England
  • 1941-04-13 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941-04-14 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • 1941-04-17 World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.
  • 1941-04-20 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • 1941-04-21 Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
  • 1941-04-23 Greek Army surrenders to Germany; British RAF evacuates the Greek King George II to Egypt
  • 1941-04-27 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • 1941-05-01 German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941-05-03 -4] German air raid on Liverpool
  • 1941-05-08 German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-05-09 British intelligence at Bletchley Park breaks German spy codes after capturing Enigma machines aboard the weather ship Muenchen

Computer Scientist Alan Turing
Computer Scientist
Alan Turing

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1941-05-13 Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Chancellery in Germany

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • 1941-05-16 Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
  • 1941-05-19 Germany occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis
  • 1941-05-20 Germany begins airbourne invasion of Crete
  • 1941-05-21 German airforce occupies airport at Maleme, Crete
  • 1941-05-24 German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive
  • 1941-05-26 Aircraft from HMS Ark Royal sights German battleship Bismarck
  • 1941-05-26 German occupiers begin youth labor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-05-27 FDR declares state of emergency due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941-05-27 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
  • 1941-05-30 British Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
  • 1941-05-31 German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach & swimming pools
  • 1941-06-01 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • 1941-06-01 Germany occupies Crete after Allied evacuation
  • 1941-06-03 German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports
  • 1941-06-08 British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria
  • 1941-06-18 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • 1941-06-20 German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on US battleship Texas

Soviet UnionGermany Invades the Soviet Union

1941-06-22 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union during WWII, the largest military operation in history
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German troops cross the border point between Nazi Germany and the Sovet Union on June 22, 1941
German troops cross the border point between Nazi Germany and the Sovet Union on June 22, 1941
  • 1941-06-23 Germany occupies Telz, Lithuana
  • 1941-06-24 Germans advance into Russia and take Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas
  • 1941-06-25 Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
  • 1941-06-27 Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
  • 1941-06-28 German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • 1941-06-28 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • 1941-06-30 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
  • 1941-07-05 German occupiers disband political parties

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1101 - 1,200 of 3,455

  • 1833-06-07 Alexander Ritter, German composer, born in Narva, Estonia (d. 1896)
  • 1833-08-03 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher and feminist, born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1833-11-14 Antonius von der Linde, Neth/German librarian/chess player
  • 1833-11-19 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), born in Wiesbaden-Biebrich, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1833-12-12 Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica), born in Trossingen, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1834-01-07 Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)
  • 1834-01-17 August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)
  • 1834-02-06 Edwin Klebs, German physician & bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)
  • 1834-02-09 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • 1834-02-16 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1919)
  • 1834-02-23 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis

Person of interestGottlieb Daimler

1834-03-17 Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and inventor, designed 1st motorcycle, born in Schorndorf, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1900)

Engineer and inventor Gottlieb Daimler
Engineer and inventor
Gottlieb Daimler
  • 1834-09-15 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian and political writer, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1896)
  • 1834-11-19 Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke), born in Frankfurt-on-Oder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1924)
  • 1835-02-26 Richard Andree, German geography, etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
  • 1835-03-01 Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade)
  • 1835-10-31 Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), born in Berlin (d. 1917)
  • 1835-11-01 Godfrey Weitzel, German-American Major General (Union Army), born in Pirmasens, Germany (d. 1884)
  • 1835-12-06 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1835-12-11 Adolf Stoecker, German conservative politician, and reformer who founded the German Christian Social Party, born in Halberstadt, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1836-03-28 Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer (Pabst Brewing Company), born in Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1836-03-30 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German industrialist/politician
  • 1836-05-28 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist and son of Eilhard Mitscherlich, born in Berlin (d. 1918)
  • 1836-09-07 August Toepler, German physicist, born in Brühl bei Bonn, Germany (d. 1912)
  • 1836-09-10 Karl Merz, German-American composer (Brainard's Musical World), born in Bernsheim, Germany (d. 1890)
  • 1836-12-13 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, born in Schrobenhausen, Bavaria (d. 1904)
  • 1837-04-24 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), born in Schwedt, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1837-05-09 Adam Opel, German automobile manufacturer (Adam Opel AG), born in Rüsselsheim, Hesse, Prussia (d. 1895)
  • 1837-06-08 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), born in Weissenfels, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1837-07-20 Hans Sommer, German theatre composer, born in Brunswick (d. 1922)
  • 1837-08-27 Heinrich Urban, German violinist and composer, born in Berlin (d. 1901)
  • 1837-10-18 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German sculptor, born in Colonge (d. 1919)
  • 1838-01-06 Max Bruch, German composer (Kol Nidre), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1838-01-16 Franz Brentano, German philosopher & psychologist, born in Rhine Province, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1838-04-11 Joseph Leopold Röckel, German composer, born in London (d. 1908)
  • 1838-05-24 Paul Laband, German lawyer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1838-06-24 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism), born in Heilbronn, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1838-06-27 Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1914)

Person of interestFerdinand von Zeppelin

1838-07-08 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1917)

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1838-07-30 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1838-10-22 Carl Fuchs, German composer and musician, born in Potsdam (d. 1922)
  • 1838-12-11 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), born in Berlin (d. 1915)
  • 1839-01-04 Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1839-04-20 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914), born in Sigmaringen, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1839-04-22 August W. Eichler, German botanist (developed a new system of classification of plants to reflect the concept of evolution), born in Neukirchen, Hesse (d. 1997)
  • 1839-06-03 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Der Herr im Hause)
  • 1839-07-09 Carl Baermann, German composer, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1839-07-10 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), born in Mainz, Hesse, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1839-07-17 Friedrich Gernsheim, German composer, born in Worms, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1839-08-19 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist and founder of modern mycology, born in Telgte, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1839-09-25 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), born in Bahlingen, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1839-10-02 Hans Thoma, German painter, born in Bernau, Black Forest (d. 1924)
  • 1839-11-18 August Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1839-11-20 Christian Wilberg, German painter, born in Havelberg, Germany (d. 1882)
  • 1840-01-23 Ernst Abbe, German physicist & optical scientist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), born in Eisenach, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1840-02-22 F August Bebel, German social-democrat
  • 1840-02-25 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
  • 1840-03-26 Carli Zoeller, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1889)
  • 1840-03-28 Emin Pasha, German explorer and governor (Equatoria), born in Oppeln, Silesia (d. 1892)
  • 1840-04-12 Franz Xaver Haberl, German priest and musicologist (Magister choralis), born in Mallersdorf-Pfaffenberg, Bavaria (d. 1910)
  • 1840-06-16 Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)
  • 1840-06-22 Ernest Debes, German cartographer (Baedeker)

Person of interestThomas Nast

1840-09-27 Thomas Nast, German-American caricaturist and political cartoonist of late 1800s America, born in Landau, Germany (d. 1902)

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • 1840-09-28 Rudolf Baumbach, German writer of student drinking songs, born in Kranichfeld, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1840-10-31 Franz Müller, German tailor and first train murderer (killing Thomas Briggs) (d. 1864)
  • 1840-11-21 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1901)
  • 1840-12-07 Hermann Goetz, German composer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1876)
  • 1841-04-06 Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • 1841-04-26 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, born in Schönborn, Austrian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1841-05-11 Ernst von Possart, German actor and theatre director (Bayerische Hoftheater), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1921)
  • 1841-11-25 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1842-02-22 Carl Rosa, founder (Rosa opera company), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1842-02-23 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1842-02-25 Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
  • 1842-03-22 Carl A N Rosa, German violinist/composer
  • 1842-06-11 Carl von Linde, German engineer and chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, born in Berndorf, Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1842-08-16 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), born in Brody, Ukraine (d. 1922)
  • 1842-08-26 Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
  • 1842-09-07 Johannes Zukertort, German chess player, born in Lublin, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1842-11-02 Otto Reubke, German composer, brother of Julius Reubke (d. 1913)
  • 1842-12-07 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1916)
  • 1843-04-01 Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
  • 1843-05-10 Kaufmann Kohler, German-born American reform rabbi and theologian, born in Fürth (d. 1926)
  • 1843-07-29 Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)
  • 1843-08-31 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (1917-18), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1843-11-19 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (founded the epistemological theory of knowledge known as empirical criticism), born in Paris (d. 1896)

Person of interestRobert Koch

1843-12-11 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), born in Clausthal, Hanover (d. 1910)

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch
  • 1843-12-29 Elisabeth of Wied [pseudonym Carmen Sylva], Queen consort of Romania and poet, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1844-01-30 Moritz von Bissing, German gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17), born in Ober Bellmannsdorf, Prussia (d. 1917)
  • 1844-02-01 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
  • 1844-05-08 Hermann Gradener, German composer, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1844-05-17 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (analysis of the structure and dating of the Pentateuch), born in Hamelin, Hanover, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1844-06-03 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet
  • 1844-06-10 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1844-08-30 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1904)

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche

Person of interestKarl Benz

1844-11-25 Karl Benz, German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1929)

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1844-12-04 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus, born in Rottweil, Württemberg (d. 1914)
  • 1844-12-18 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist
  • 1845-01-07 Paul Deussen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), born in Oberdreis, Germany (d. 1919)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1101 - 1,200 of 2,540


Person of interestRobert Koch

1910-05-27 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), dies at 66

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch
  • 1910-07-10 Johann G Galle, German discoverer of Neptune by telescope, dies
  • 1910-09-05 Franz Xaver Haberl, German priest and musicologist (Magister choralis), dies at 70
  • 1910-10-25 Hermann Kipper, German music teacher and composer, dies at 84
  • 1910-11-15 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), dies at 79
  • 1910-11-19 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), dies at 74
  • 1911-01-15 Wilhelm Berger, German composer, pianist and conductor, dies at 49
  • 1911-02-15 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (b. 1859)
  • 1911-04-15 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), dies at 51
  • 1911-08-01 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
  • 1911-10-01 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
  • 1912-01-03 Felix Dahn, German historian, jurist and poet, dies at 77
  • 1912-01-14 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1912-01-16 Georg Heym, German writer, dies in an ice skating accident at 24
  • 1912-02-22 Richard Andree, German geographer (Andree's Handatlas), dies at 76
  • 1912-03-06 August Toepler, German physicist, dies at 75
  • 1912-03-30 Karl May, German writer (Winnetou/Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70
  • 1912-05-19 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiosperms), dies at 68
  • 1912-10-08 Wilhelm Kuhe, German composer, dies at 88
  • 1912-12-23 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, dies at 62
  • 1912-12-30 Alfred von Kiderlen-Wächter, German foreign minister, dies at 60
  • 1913-01-17 Carl Baermann, German composer, dies at 73
  • 1913-01-24 Gustav Luders, German-American composer, dies at 47
  • 1913-03-09 Eberhard Nestle, German biblical scholar, dies at 61
  • 1913-04-14 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), dies at 68
  • 1913-05-18 Otto Reubke, German composer & brother of Julius Reubke, dies at 70
  • 1913-06-05 Chris von der Ahe, German entrepreneur and owner of St. Louis Brown Stockings, dies at 61
  • 1913-08-13 F August Bebel, German social-democrat, dies

Person of interestRudolf Diesel

1913-09-29 Rudolf Diesel, German engineer (invented the diesel engine), disappears aboard the ship Dresden in the English Channel at 55

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • 1913-10-05 Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • 1913-10-10 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), dies at 74
  • 1913-10-23 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
  • 1914-01-20 Emil Liebling, German-American composer, dies at 62
  • 1914-04-02 Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1830)
  • 1914-04-14 Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist, dies at 58
  • 1914-05-29 Paul von Mauser, German weapon designer, dies at 75
  • 1914-07-02 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1914-07-11 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau), dies at 83
  • 1914-07-19 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1914-08-19 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus, dies at 69
  • 1914-08-23 Felix Fivet, Belgian baby, executed by German troops at 3 weeks
  • 1914-08-24 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, dies at 50
  • 1914-09-25 Alfred Lichtenstein, German writer, dies at 25
  • 1914-10-30 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), dies fighting in WWI at 31
  • 1914-12-08 Maximilian von Spee, German naval officer (b. 1861)
  • 1914-12-19 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, dies at 87
  • 1915-04-01 Johann Joseph Abert, German composer, dies at 82
  • 1915-05-02 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, dies at 44
  • 1915-05-10 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist, dies in battle at 37
  • 1915-06-20 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), dies ay 76
  • 1915-08-04 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), dies at 68
  • 1915-08-20 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), dies in 61
  • 1915-09-02 August Stramm, German poet and playwright dies in battle during WWI at 41
  • 1915-09-27 Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • 1915-09-29 Rudi Stephan, German composer (Die ersten Menschen), dies fighting in World War I at 28
  • 1915-10-12 Edith Louisa Cavell, British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium during World War I at 49
  • 1915-12-19 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
  • 1916-01-14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), dies at 73
  • 1916-01-22 Iwan Knorr, German composer, dies at 63
  • 1916-02-12 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), dies at 84
  • 1916-03-04 Franz Marc, German painter/co-founder (Blaue Reiter), killed at 36
  • 1916-05-11 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), dies at 42
  • 1916-05-11 Max Reger, German composer, pianist and professor (Leipzig Univ), dies at 43
  • 1916-06-18 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German chief general of staff, dies at 67
  • 1916-06-18 Max Immelmann, German pilot (1st flying ace of WWI), shot down over Northern France at 25
  • 1916-07-16 Ludwig P Scharwenka, German composer (Album Polonaise), dies at 70
  • 1916-07-27 Charles Fryatt, British capt of SS Brussels, executed by Germans, dies
  • 1916-07-30 Albert Neisser, German physician who discovered the bacterias that cause gonorrhea and leprosy, dies of septicemia at 61
  • 1916-09-10 Friedrich Gernsheim, German composer, dies at 77
  • 1916-10-28 Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1916-12-16 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, dies at 68

Person of interestFerdinand von Zeppelin

1917-03-08 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, dies at 78

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1917-04-18 Moritz von Bissing, Prussian general, dies at 73
  • 1917-06-27 Gustav von Schmolle, German economist (Historical School), dies at 79
  • 1917-06-27 Karl Allmenröder, German World War I flying Ace, dies at 21
  • 1917-07-16 Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album Polonaise), dies at 70
  • 1917-08-03 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), dies at 67
  • 1917-08-20 JFW Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), dies
  • 1917-09-23 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, dies at 20

BattleMata Hari

1917-10-15 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, executed by firing squad at 41

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • 1917-11-22 Teoberto Maler, German-born explorer (b. 1842)
  • 1918-01-06 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
  • 1918-03-09 [Benjamin] Franc[lin] Wedekind, German writer/press secretary, dies at 53
  • 1918-03-28 Johann Christoph Lauterbach, German violinist and concert master, dies at 87
  • 1918-04-20 Karl Ferdinand Braun, German inventor, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909), dies at 67

Person of interestThe Red Baron

1918-04-21 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, dies at 25 after his plane is shot down

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1918-07-06 Count von Mirbach, German ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • 1918-08-10 Erich Lowenhardt, Germany flying ace of World War I (b. 1897)
  • 1918-08-15 Heinrich Köselitz [Peter Gast], German composer, dies at 64
  • 1918-08-22 Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist (b. 1868)
  • 1918-08-29 Max Dauthendey, German painter and author (Raubmenschen), dies at 51)
  • 1918-09-28 Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1918-10-13 Gerrit Engelke, German writer (Briefer der Liebe), dies
  • 1919-01-04 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (1917-18), dies at 75
  • 1919-01-15 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), murdered at 47
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • 1919-01-31 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Estimate), dies at 79
  • 1919-02-06 Friedrich Wulhelm Mengelberg, German sculptor, dies at 81
  • 1919-05-02 Gustav Landauer, German socialist, dies

Person of interestHenry John Heinz

1919-05-14 Henry John Heinz, German-American entrepreneur who founded prepared-foods company (H.J. Heinz Company-57 varieties), dies at 74

Founder of Heinz Henry John Heinz
Founder of Heinz
Henry John Heinz