German History (Part 12)

Historical Events

Events 1101 - 1,200 of 2,176

Battle of Interest

1940-08-13 Battle of Britain: Hermann Goering's "Adlertag" (Eagle Day) offensive happens, intending to destroy the Royal Air Force; 47-48 German aircraft shot down, the RAF loses 25 planes

  • 1940-08-15 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • 1940-08-16 45 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-08-23 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
  • 1940-08-25 First British night bombing of Germany (Berlin)
  • 1940-08-31 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

1940-09-07 Beginning of the Blitz as the German Luftwaffe bomb London for the 1st of 57 consecutive nights losing 41 bombers as the Nazis prepare to invade Britain

  • 1940-09-09 28 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940-09-10 Buckingham Palace hit by German bomb in London
  • 1940-09-11 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940-09-13 Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940-09-14 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die

Historic Event

1940-09-17 Adolf Hitler indefinitely postpones Operation Sealion, the planned German invasion of Great Britain

  • 1940-09-18 19 German aircraft shot down above England

Historic Event

1940-09-25 German High Commissioner in Norway sets up Vidkun Quisling government

  • 1940-09-27 55 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940-09-27 Nazi Germany, Italy & Japan sign 10 year formal alliance (Axis)
  • 1940-09-28 Nazi occupiers present "New Dutch Culture" in German
  • 1940-09-30 47 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940-10-02 17 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-10-04 12 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940-10-08 German troops occupies Romania
  • 1940-10-15 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • 1940-10-15 London's Waterloo Station bombed by German luftwaffe
  • 1940-10-17 German occupiers issue identity cards
  • 1940-11-14 During WW II, German planes destroy most of Coventry, England
  • 1940-11-16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1940-11-19 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450
  • 1940-11-26 Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw
  • 1940-12-06 Gestapo arrest German resistance fighter/poster artist Helen Ernst

Historic Event

1940-12-11 Russian general Georgy Zhukov warns of German assault

  • 1941-01-02 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1941-01-31 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • 1941-02-11 Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
  • 1941-02-14 German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1941-02-22 German assault on El Agheila Libya
  • 1941-03-01 German troops invade Bulgaria
  • 1941-03-02 World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1941-03-12 German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
  • 1941-03-20 Nazi-German Yugoslav pact drawn
  • 1941-03-24 German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
  • 1941-03-27 Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
  • 1941-03-30 German counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1941-04-01 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • 1941-04-01 The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
  • 1941-04-02 German occupier disallows Dutch scouting association

Historic Event

1941-04-03 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill warns Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that a German invasion is imminent

  • 1941-04-03 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941-04-04 German troops conquer Benghazi, Libya
  • 1941-04-06 Beginning of operation Bestrafung - German bombers attack Belgrade (17,000 die)
  • 1941-04-06 German bombardment of Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
  • 1941-04-10 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica
  • 1941-04-11 Germany blitzes Coventry, England
  • 1941-04-13 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941-04-14 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • 1941-04-17 World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.
  • 1941-04-20 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • 1941-04-21 WWII: Greece surrenders to Nazi Germany
  • 1941-04-23 Greek Army surrenders to Germany; British RAF evacuates the Greek King George II to Egypt
  • 1941-04-27 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • 1941-05-01 German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941-05-03 -4] German air raid on Liverpool
  • 1941-05-08 German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean

Historic Event

1941-05-09 British intelligence at Bletchley Park breaks German spy codes after capturing Enigma machines aboard the weather ship Muenchen

Appointment of Interest

1941-05-13 Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Chancellery in Germany

  • 1941-05-16 Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
  • 1941-05-19 Germany occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis
  • 1941-05-20 Germany begins airborne invasion of Crete
  • 1941-05-21 German airforce occupies airport at Maleme, Crete
  • 1941-05-24 German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive
  • 1941-05-26 Aircraft from HMS Ark Royal sights German battleship Bismarck
  • 1941-05-26 German occupiers begin youth labor

Historic Event

1941-05-27 FDR declares state of emergency after a German U-boat sinks the American flagged SS Robin Moor

  • 1941-05-27 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
  • 1941-05-30 British Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
  • 1941-05-31 German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach & swimming pools
  • 1941-06-01 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • 1941-06-01 Germany occupies Crete after Allied evacuation
  • 1941-06-03 German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports
  • 1941-06-08 British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria
  • 1941-06-18 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • 1941-06-20 German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on US battleship Texas

Germany Invades the Soviet Union

1941-06-22 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union during WWII, the largest military operation in history

  • 1941-06-23 Germany occupies Telz, Lithuania
  • 1941-06-24 Germans advance into Russia and take Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas
  • 1941-06-25 Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
  • 1941-06-27 Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
  • 1941-06-28 German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • 1941-06-28 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • 1941-06-30 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
  • 1941-07-05 German occupiers disband political parties
  • 1941-07-11 German troops attack Dnjepr
  • 1941-07-27 German army enters Ukraine
  • 1941-07-30 German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU & SGP in Netherlands
  • 1941-08-01 Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
  • 1941-08-02 German 11st Army surrounds 20 Soviet divisions at Oeman
  • 1941-08-03 German troops conquer Roslavl USSR

Historic Event

1941-08-12 French Marshal Philippe Pétain gives full support to Nazi Germany

  • 1941-08-17 German raider attacks Dutch SS Kota Nopan

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1101 - 1,200 of 3,440

  • 1833-08-03 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher and feminist, born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1833-11-14 Antonius von der Linde, Neth/German librarian/chess player
  • 1833-11-19 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), born in Wiesbaden-Biebrich, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1833-12-12 Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica), born in Trossingen, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1834-01-07 Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (Reis telephone.), born in Gelnhausen, (d. 1874)
  • 1834-01-17 August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)
  • 1834-02-06 Edwin Klebs, German physician & bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)
  • 1834-02-09 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • 1834-02-16 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1919)
  • 1834-02-23 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis

Gottlieb Daimler

1834-03-17 Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and inventor, designed 1st motorcycle, born in Schorndorf, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1900)

  • 1834-09-15 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian and political writer, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1896)
  • 1834-11-19 Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke), born in Frankfurt-on-Oder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1924)
  • 1835-02-26 Richard Andree, German geography, etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
  • 1835-03-01 Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade)
  • 1835-10-31 Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), born in Berlin (d. 1917)
  • 1835-11-01 Godfrey Weitzel, German-American Major General (Union Army), born in Pirmasens, Germany (d. 1884)
  • 1835-12-06 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1835-12-11 Adolf Stoecker, German conservative politician, and reformer who founded the German Christian Social Party, born in Halberstadt, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1836-03-28 Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer (Pabst Brewing Company), born in Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1836-03-30 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German industrialist/politician
  • 1836-05-28 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist and son of Eilhard Mitscherlich, born in Berlin (d. 1918)
  • 1836-09-07 August Toepler, German physicist, born in Brühl bei Bonn, Germany (d. 1912)
  • 1836-09-10 Karl Merz, German-American composer (Brainard's Musical World), born in Bernsheim, Germany (d. 1890)
  • 1836-12-13 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, born in Schrobenhausen, Bavaria (d. 1904)
  • 1837-04-24 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), born in Schwedt, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1837-05-09 Adam Opel, German automobile manufacturer (Adam Opel AG), born in Rüsselsheim, Hesse, Prussia (d. 1895)
  • 1837-06-08 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), born in Weissenfels, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1837-07-20 Hans Sommer, German theatre composer, born in Brunswick (d. 1922)
  • 1837-08-27 Heinrich Urban, German violinist and composer, born in Berlin (d. 1901)
  • 1837-10-18 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German-Dutch sculptor and architect of church interiors, born in Cologne (d. 1919)
  • 1838-01-06 Max Bruch, German composer (Kol Nidre), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1838-01-16 Franz Brentano, German philosopher & psychologist, born in Rhine Province, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1838-04-11 Joseph Leopold Röckel, German composer, born in London (d. 1908)
  • 1838-05-24 Paul Laband, German lawyer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1838-06-24 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism), born in Heilbronn, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1838-06-27 Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1914)

Ferdinand von Zeppelin

1838-07-08 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1917)

  • 1838-07-30 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1838-10-22 Carl Fuchs, German composer and musician, born in Potsdam (d. 1922)
  • 1838-12-11 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), born in Berlin (d. 1915)
  • 1839-01-04 Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1839-04-20 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914), born in Sigmaringen, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1839-04-22 August W. Eichler, German botanist (developed a new system of classification of plants to reflect the concept of evolution), born in Neukirchen, Hesse (d. 1887)
  • 1839-06-03 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Der Herr im Hause)
  • 1839-07-09 Carl Baermann, German composer, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1839-07-10 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), born in Mainz, Hesse, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1839-07-17 Friedrich Gernsheim, German composer, born in Worms, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1839-08-19 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist and founder of modern mycology, born in Telgte, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1839-09-25 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), born in Bahlingen, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1839-10-02 Hans Thoma, German painter, born in Bernau, Black Forest (d. 1924)
  • 1839-11-18 August Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1839-11-20 Christian Wilberg, German painter, born in Havelberg, Germany (d. 1882)
  • 1840-01-23 Ernst Abbe, German physicist & optical scientist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), born in Eisenach, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1840-02-22 F August Bebel, German social-democrat
  • 1840-02-25 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
  • 1840-03-26 Carli Zoeller, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1889)
  • 1840-03-28 Emin Pasha, German explorer and governor (Equatoria), born in Oppeln, Silesia (d. 1892)
  • 1840-04-12 Franz Xaver Haberl, German priest and musicologist (Magister choralis), born in Mallersdorf-Pfaffenberg, Bavaria (d. 1910)
  • 1840-06-16 Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)
  • 1840-06-22 Ernest Debes, German cartographer (Baedeker)

Thomas Nast

1840-09-27 Thomas Nast, German-American caricaturist and political cartoonist of late 1800s America, born in Landau, Germany (d. 1902)

  • 1840-09-28 Rudolf Baumbach, German writer of student drinking songs, born in Kranichfeld, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1840-10-31 Franz Müller, German tailor and first train murderer (killing Thomas Briggs) (d. 1864)
  • 1840-11-21 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1901)
  • 1840-12-07 Hermann Goetz, German composer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1876)
  • 1841-04-06 Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • 1841-04-26 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, born in Schönborn, Austrian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1841-05-11 Ernst von Possart, German actor and theatre director (Bayerische Hoftheater), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1921)
  • 1841-11-25 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1842-02-22 Carl Rosa, founder (Rosa opera company), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1842-02-23 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1842-02-25 Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
  • 1842-03-22 Carl Rosa, German violinist and composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1889)
  • 1842-06-11 Carl von Linde, German engineer and chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, born in Berndorf, Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1842-08-16 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), born in Brody, Ukraine (d. 1922)
  • 1842-08-26 Heinrich Quincke, German internist and surgeon (introduced lumbar puncture), born in Frankfurt an der Oder (d. 1922)
  • 1842-09-07 Johannes Zukertort, German chess player, born in Lublin, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1842-11-02 Otto Reubke, German organist, conductor, and composer, born in Hausneindorf, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)
  • 1842-12-07 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1916)
  • 1843-04-01 Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
  • 1843-05-10 Kaufmann Kohler, German-born American reform rabbi and theologian, born in Fürth (d. 1926)
  • 1843-07-29 Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)
  • 1843-08-31 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (1917-18), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1843-11-19 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (founded the epistemological theory of knowledge known as empirical criticism), born in Paris (d. 1896)

Robert Koch

1843-12-11 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), born in Clausthal, Hanover (d. 1910)

  • 1843-12-29 Elisabeth of Wied [pseudonym Carmen Sylva], Queen consort of Romania and poet, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1844-01-30 Moritz von Bissing, German gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17), born in Ober Bellmannsdorf, Prussia (d. 1917)
  • 1844-02-01 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
  • 1844-05-08 Hermann Gradener, German composer, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1844-05-17 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (analysis of the structure and dating of the Pentateuch), born in Hamelin, Hanover, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1844-06-03 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet
  • 1844-06-10 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1844-08-30 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1904)

Friedrich Nietzsche

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Karl Benz

1844-11-25 Karl Benz, German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1929)

  • 1844-12-04 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus, born in Rottweil, Württemberg (d. 1914)
  • 1844-12-18 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist
  • 1845-01-07 Paul Deussen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), born in Oberdreis, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1845-02-03 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1101 - 1,200 of 2,528

  • 1910-11-19 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), dies at 74
  • 1911-01-15 Wilhelm Berger, German composer, pianist and conductor, dies at 49
  • 1911-02-15 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (b. 1859)
  • 1911-04-15 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), dies at 51
  • 1911-08-01 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
  • 1911-10-01 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
  • 1912-01-03 Felix Dahn, German historian, jurist and poet, dies at 77
  • 1912-01-14 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1912-01-16 Georg Heym, German writer, dies in an ice skating accident at 24
  • 1912-02-22 Richard Andree, German geographer (Andree's Handatlas), dies at 76
  • 1912-03-06 August Toepler, German physicist, dies at 75
  • 1912-03-30 Karl May, German writer (Winnetou/Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70
  • 1912-05-19 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiosperms), dies at 68
  • 1912-10-08 Wilhelm Kuhe, German composer, dies at 88
  • 1912-12-23 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, dies at 62
  • 1912-12-30 Alfred von Kiderlen-Wächter, German foreign minister, dies at 60
  • 1913-01-17 Carl Baermann, German composer, dies at 73
  • 1913-01-24 Gustav Luders, German-American composer, dies at 47
  • 1913-03-09 Eberhard Nestle, German biblical scholar, dies at 61
  • 1913-04-14 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), dies at 68
  • 1913-05-18 Otto Reubke, German organist, conductor, and composer, dies at 70
  • 1913-06-05 Chris von der Ahe, German entrepreneur and owner of St. Louis Brown Stockings, dies at 61
  • 1913-08-13 August Bebel, German politician, leading social-democrat, dies at 73

Rudolf Diesel

1913-09-29 Rudolf Diesel, German engineer (invented the diesel engine), disappears aboard the ship Dresden in the English Channel at 55

  • 1913-10-05 Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • 1913-10-10 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), dies at 74
  • 1913-10-23 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
  • 1914-01-20 Emil Liebling, German-American composer, dies at 62
  • 1914-04-02 Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1830)
  • 1914-04-14 Paul Ehrenreich, German ethnologist and mythologist, dies at 58
  • 1914-05-29 Paul von Mauser, German weapon designer, dies at 75
  • 1914-07-02 Joseph Chamberlain, British statesman, minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1914-07-11 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau), dies at 83
  • 1914-07-19 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1914-08-19 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus, dies at 69
  • 1914-08-23 Felix Fivet, Belgian baby, executed by German troops at 3 weeks
  • 1914-08-24 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, dies at 50
  • 1914-09-25 Alfred Lichtenstein, German writer, dies at 25
  • 1914-10-30 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), dies fighting in WWI at 31
  • 1914-12-08 Maximilian von Spee, German naval officer (b. 1861)
  • 1914-12-19 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, dies at 87
  • 1915-04-01 Johann Joseph Abert, German composer, dies at 82
  • 1915-05-02 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, dies at 44
  • 1915-05-10 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist, dies in battle at 37
  • 1915-06-20 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), dies ay 76
  • 1915-08-04 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), dies at 68
  • 1915-08-20 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), dies in 61
  • 1915-09-02 August Stramm, German poet and playwright dies in battle during WWI at 41
  • 1915-09-27 Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • 1915-09-29 Rudi Stephan, German composer (Die ersten Menschen), dies fighting in World War I at 28
  • 1915-10-12 Edith Louisa Cavell, British nurse, executed by German firing squad in Belgium during World War I at 49
  • 1915-12-19 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
  • 1916-01-14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), dies at 73
  • 1916-01-22 Iwan Knorr, German composer, dies at 63
  • 1916-02-12 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), dies at 84
  • 1916-03-04 Franz Marc, German painter/co-founder (Blaue Reiter), killed at 36
  • 1916-05-11 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), dies on the Eastern front at 42, mere months after working out a solution to Einstein's Theory of Relativity
  • 1916-05-11 Max Reger, German composer, pianist and professor (Leipzig Univ), dies at 43
  • 1916-06-18 Helmuth von Moltke, German chief general of staff, dies at 67
  • 1916-06-18 Max Immelmann, German pilot (1st flying ace of WWI), shot down over Northern France at 25
  • 1916-07-27 Charles Fryatt, British capt of SS Brussels, executed by Germans, dies
  • 1916-07-30 Albert Neisser, German physician who discovered the bacteria that cause gonorrhea and leprosy, dies of septicemia at 61
  • 1916-09-10 Friedrich Gernsheim, German composer, dies at 77
  • 1916-10-28 Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1916-12-16 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, dies at 68

Ferdinand von Zeppelin

1917-03-08 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, dies at 78

  • 1917-04-18 Moritz von Bissing, Prussian general, dies at 73
  • 1917-06-27 Gustav von Schmolle, German economist (Historical School), dies at 79
  • 1917-06-27 Karl Allmenröder, German World War I flying Ace, dies at 21
  • 1917-07-16 (Ludwig) Philipp Scharwenka, German pianist, composer (Sakuntala; Album polonaise), and educator, dies at 70
  • 1917-08-03 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), dies at 67
  • 1917-08-20 JFW Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), dies
  • 1917-09-23 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, dies at 20

ExecutionMata Hari

1917-10-15 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, executed by firing squad at 41

  • 1917-11-22 Teoberto Maler, German-born explorer (b. 1842)
  • 1918-01-06 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
  • 1918-03-28 Johann Christoph Lauterbach, German violinist and concert master, dies at 87
  • 1918-04-20 Karl Ferdinand Braun, German inventor, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909), dies at 67

The Red Baron

1918-04-21 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, dies at 25 after his plane is shot down

  • 1918-07-06 Count von Mirbach, German ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • 1918-08-10 Erich Lowenhardt, Germany flying ace of World War I (b. 1897)
  • 1918-08-15 Heinrich Köselitz [Peter Gast], German composer, dies at 64
  • 1918-08-22 Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist (b. 1868)
  • 1918-08-29 Max Dauthendey, German painter and author (Raubmenschen), dies at 51)
  • 1918-09-28 Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1918-10-13 Gerrit Engelke, German writer (Briefer der Liebe), dies fighting in WWI at 27
  • 1919-01-04 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (1917-18), dies at 75
  • 1919-01-15 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), murdered at 47
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • 1919-01-31 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Estimate), dies at 79
  • 1919-02-06 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German-Dutch sculptor and architect of church interiors, dies at 81
  • 1919-05-02 Gustav Landauer, German socialist, dies

Henry John Heinz

1919-05-14 Henry John Heinz, German-American entrepreneur who founded prepared-foods company (H.J. Heinz Company-57 varieties), dies at 74

  • 1919-05-17 Guido von List, Austrian-German occultist and novelist (Jung Diethers Heimkehr), dies at 70
  • 1919-07-07 Paul Deusen, German philosopher/CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), dies

Emil Fischer

1919-07-15 [Hermann] Emil Fischer, German chemist, discovered Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), commits suicide at 66

  • 1919-08-09 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85
  • 1919-10-14 Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrial/son of Werner, dies
  • 1919-11-07 Hugo Haase, German socialist politician (SPD, USPD) and co-chair of the Council of the People's Deputies (1918-19), shot and killed in the Reichstag at 56