German History (Part 14)

Historical Events

Events 1301 - 1,400 of 2,176

  • 1942-07-24 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time
  • 1942-07-25 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • 1942-07-30 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • 1942-07-30 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942-07-31 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942-08-01 Nazi German occupiers demand listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • 1942-08-04 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • 1942-08-05 German troops cross Kuban River
  • 1942-08-07 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Historic Siege

1942-08-09 Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony, dedicated to city of Leningrad, performed in Leningrad by starving musicians and broadcast to German forces over loudspeakers during siege by Nazi forces

  • 1942-08-12 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
  • 1942-08-17 Transport #20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Historic Event

1942-08-19 World War II: General Friedrich Paulus orders the German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad

  • 1942-08-21 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-08-21 World War II: German soldiers plant the Nazi flag on Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus
  • 1942-08-22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • 1942-08-24 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-08-26 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-08-27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • 1942-08-28 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-08-30 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • 1942-08-31 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • 1942-09-01 German troops land on Taman peninsula
  • 1942-09-02 German troops enter Stalingrad
  • 1942-09-04 Transport #28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-09-07 German occupiers take silver anniversary coins in battle
  • 1942-09-07 Transport #29 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-09-11 Transport #31 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1942-09-13 German forces attack Stalingrad
  • 1942-09-14 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1
  • 1942-09-21 Transport #35 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-09-23 Transport #36 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-09-27 Heavy German assault in Stalingrad
  • 1942-10-04 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • 1942-10-07 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing (Netherlands)
  • 1942-10-14 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
  • 1942-10-15 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die
  • 1942-10-23 German units go through Red October factory in Stalingrad
  • 1942-11-09 German occupiers install Erik Scavenius as Danish premier
  • 1942-11-09 Transport number 44 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942-11-11 -12] last German offensive in Stalingrad
  • 1942-11-11 Germany completes its WWII occupation of France
  • 1942-11-11 Transport #45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany

Victory in Battle

1942-11-11 WWII: British led Allied forces defeat Erwin Rommel's German and Italian Army Panzers in Second Battle of El-Alamein, North Africa, helping to secure the Suez Canal

Historic Event

1942-11-19 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Netherlands"

  • 1942-11-19 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • 1942-11-19 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

1942-11-23 Chinese steward Poon Lim begins 133 days adrift after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat and he is the sole survivor

  • 1942-11-23 German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
  • 1942-11-30 German supply vessel Uckermark (formerly called the Altmark) explodes & sinks off Yokohama
  • 1942-12-05 Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to work
  • 1942-12-10 North Africa: 5th German panzer army forms under col-gen von Arnim
  • 1942-12-12 German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
  • 1942-12-17 Allies in London sentence German war criminals
  • 1942-12-24 First powered flight of V-1 'buzz bomb', Peenemunde, Germany
  • 1942-12-24 Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk
  • 1942-12-25 Soviet artillery and tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • 1942-12-31 Battle of the Barents Sea between British Navy and German Kriegsmarine off North Cape, Norway
  • 1943-01-10 Soviet offensive against German 6th and 4th Armies near Stalingrad
  • 1943-01-16 German 2nd SS-Panzer division evacuates Charkow

Siege of Leningrad

1943-01-18 Soviets announce they have broken the long siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany by opening a narrow land corridor, though the siege would not be fully lifted until a year later

Historic Event

1943-01-20 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans

Historic Event

1943-01-24 Adolf Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death

  • 1943-01-27 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
  • 1943-01-30 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • 1943-01-30 German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • 1943-01-31 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
  • 1943-02-02 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad in a major turning point in Europe during World War II
  • 1943-02-05 Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission
  • 1943-02-11 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Historic Event

1943-02-13 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower visits front

  • 1943-02-14 German offensive against US troops through de Faid-pass, Tunisia begins, starting the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid
  • 1943-02-14 The Soviet Union recaptures the city of Rostov-on-Don, liberating Russia from the German 17th Army during WWII
  • 1943-02-18 German Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbells demands "total war" from German citizens in speech at Berlin Sportpalast
  • 1943-02-19 German tanks under Major General Karl Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass, Tunisia
  • 1943-02-22 Members of White Rose student resistance group are executed in Nazi Germany
  • 1943-02-23 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • 1943-02-26 German assault moves to Beja, North Tunisia
  • 1943-03-05 RAF bombs Essen Germany
  • 1943-03-08 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • 1943-03-16 Ships Elin K (Norway) and Zaanland (Netherlands) torpedoed by German U-boats and sink
  • 1943-03-20 German U-384 bombed & sinks
  • 1943-03-21 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • 1943-03-23 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • 1943-04-05 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman family after being adrift 133 days, after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat
  • 1943-04-22 German counter attack in North Tunisia
  • 1943-04-22 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1943-04-25 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket instituted
  • 1943-04-28 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1943-04-30 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • 1943-05-01 German plane sinks the British ship SS Erinpura in the Mediterranean with the loss of 799 lives
  • 1943-05-01 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • 1943-05-02 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia
  • 1943-05-09 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia
  • 1943-05-12 German troops in Tunisia, North Africa, surrender
  • 1943-05-13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • 1943-05-13 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands

Historic Event

1943-05-16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300

  • 1943-05-17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1301 - 1,400 of 3,440

  • 1856-12-25 Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)
  • 1857-01-18 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI - Battle of Caporetto), born in Danzig, Prussia (d. 1944)
  • 1857-02-18 Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor
  • 1857-07-05 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1857-08-14 Max Wagenknecht, German composer, born in Woldisch Tychow, Pomerania, Free State of Prussia (now Tychowo, Poland) (d. 1922)
  • 1857-08-15 Albert Ballin, German inventor and shipping tycoon, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1857-09-08 Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of German Empire, born in Haynau, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1857-09-30 Hermann Sudermann, German writer (Honor, That Ehre, Frau Sorge), born in Matziken, East Prussia (d. 1928)
  • 1857-10-29 Konrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1857-11-29 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)
  • 1858-01-10 Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer, born in Radeburg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1858-03-01 Georg Simmel, German philosopher/sociologist

Rudolf DieselRudolf Diesel (1858-1913)

1858-03-18 French-born German engineer who invented the diesel engine, born in Paris

  • 1858-03-23 Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel prize 1927)
  • 1858-03-30 Siegfried Alkan, German composer, born in Dillingen, Saarland (d. 1941)
  • 1858-04-23 Max Planck, German physicist, father of Quantum Physics (Planck Constant, Nobel 1918), born in Kiel, Duchy of Holstein (d. 1947)

Franz BoasFranz Boas (1858-1942)

1858-07-09 German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), born in Minden, Westphalia, Prussia

  • 1858-07-21 Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)
  • 1858-07-24 Wolfgang Kapp, German politician (Kapp Putsch 1920), born in NYC, New York (d. 1922)
  • 1858-08-01 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Oleśnica, Poland (d. 1922)
  • 1858-08-02 Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen consort of William and Regent of the Netherlands, born in Arolsen Castle, Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont, German Confederation (d. 1934)
  • 1858-08-16 Arthur Achleitner, German writer, born in Straubing, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1858-10-05 Henry von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Queen Victoria, born in Milan, Lombardy–Venetia (d. 1896)'
  • 1859-01-13 Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)

Wilhelm IIWilhelm II (1859-1941)

1859-01-27 German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), born in Berlin

  • 1859-02-03 Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
  • 1859-03-08 Otto Taubmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1859-03-26 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1859-04-08 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), born in Proßnitz, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1859-07-14 Willy Hess, German violinist, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1859-09-24 Julius Klengel, German cellist and composer, born in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1859-11-13 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), born in Ruda bei Neumark, West Prussia (d. 1911)
  • 1859-12-31 Max Fiedler, German conductor and composer, born in Zittau, Saxony, (d. 1939)
  • 1860-02-14 Eugen Schiffer, German lawyer & liberal politician, born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1954)
  • 1860-03-22 Alfred Ploetz, German physician (d. 1940)
  • 1860-03-31 Isidor Traube, Hildesheim Hanover, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids)
  • 1860-05-20 Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1860-07-20 Johannes Walter, German geologist (Denudation of the Wilderness)
  • 1860-08-22 Paul G. Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award), born in Lebork, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1860-09-10 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, born in Tula, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1860-10-08 Felix Woyrsch, German composer, born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • 1860-11-29 Hans Haym, German conductor, born in Halle (d. 1921)
  • 1861-01-13 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • 1861-01-14 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf), born in Cunewalde, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1861-01-18 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist (alumino-thermic process), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1923)
  • 1861-01-30 Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler [Martin Karl Löffler], German-American violinist and composer, born in Schöneberg, Germany (d. 1935)
  • 1861-02-12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • 1861-06-22 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (Commander of the East Asia Squadron during WWI), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • 1861-08-09 Wilhelm Berger, German composer, pianist and conductor, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • 1861-09-23 Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • 1861-12-17 Fritz Volbach, German conductor, musicologist and composer (Raffael), born in Wipperfürth, Germany (d. 1940)
  • 1861-12-22 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology), born in Clausthal, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1861-12-26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)
  • 1862-01-23 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry), born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1943)
  • 1862-01-30 Walter Damrosch, German-American conductor (New York Symphony, 1885-1928; commissioned Gershwin's Piano Concerto), and composer (The Man Without A Country), born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1950) [1]
  • 1862-02-17 Edward German (Jones), English composer (Merrie England), born in Whitchurch, Shropshire (d. 1936)
  • 1862-03-05 Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (d. 1934)
  • 1862-05-18 Albert von Schrenk-Notzing, German psychologist who studied the paranormal (d. 1929)
  • 1862-06-21 Johannes Schlaf, German writer and translator, born in Querfurt, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1862-07-03 Friedrich Ernst Koch, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1927)
  • 1862-11-15 Adolf Bartels, German journalist and poet, born in Wesselburen, Holstein, Germany (d. 1945)

Gerhart HauptmannGerhart Hauptmann (1862-1946)

1862-11-15 German author (Before Dawn - Nobel 1912), born in Obersalzbrunn, Silesia, Prussia

  • 1863-01-15 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1863-01-19 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • 1863-02-23 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
  • 1863-03-21 Hugo Kaun, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1932)
  • 1863-04-26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1863-05-28 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1908)
  • 1863-06-02 Paul Felix Weingartner, German conductor (Zara; Dalmatia)
  • 1863-06-11 Eduard David, German politician (constitution of Weimar), born in Ediger-Eller, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1863-06-21 Max Wolf, German astronomer, pioneer in the field of astrophotography, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1863-07-12 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1863-09-06 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • 1863-09-29 Franz Zorell, German lexicographer and exegete (Hebrew Latin Dictionary), born in Ravensburg (d. 1947)
  • 1863-09-29 Hugo Haase, German socialist politician (SPD, USPD) and co-chair of the Council of the People's Deputies (1918-19), born in Allenstein, East Prussia (d. 1919)

Reinhard ScheerReinhard Scheer (1863-1928)

1863-09-30 German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Obernkirchen, Electorate of Hesse

  • 1863-10-05 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • 1863-12-13 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1864-01-13 Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)
  • 1864-02-05 Carl Teike, German military composer, born in Stettin-Altdamm, Pomerania (d. 1922)
  • 1864-02-06 John Henry Mackay, Scottish-born German writer (Anarchists), born in Greenock, United Kingdom (d. 1933)
  • 1864-03-30 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist/politician
  • 1864-04-10 Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert, German pianist and composer (Golem), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1932)
  • 1864-04-21 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), born in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia (d. 1920)

Richard StraussRichard Strauss (1864-1949)

1864-06-11 German composer (Also sprach Zarathustra, Don Quixote), born in Munich, Germany

  • 1864-06-14 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist and neuropathologist (Alzheimer Disease), born in Marktbreit, Bavaria (d. 1915)
  • 1864-06-22 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician
  • 1864-06-29 Anton Beer-Walbrun, German composer, born in Kohlberg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1864-07-18 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)

Frank WedekindFrank Wedekind (1864-1918)

1864-07-24 German actor and playwright (The "Lulu" plays), born in Hanover, German Confederation

  • 1864-08-16 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • 1864-11-11 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1864-12-13 Emil Seidel, German-American politician (36th Mayor of Milwaukee), born in Ashland, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)
  • 1865-01-22 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist
  • 1865-02-09 Erich von Drygalski, German geographer/glaciologist/Antarctic expl
  • 1865-02-22 Otto Modersohn, German painter
  • 1865-03-30 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist
  • 1865-04-01 Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 1865-04-09 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Erich LudendorffErich Ludendorff (1865-1937)

1865-04-09 German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia


Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1301 - 1,400 of 2,526

  • 1929-12-29 Wilhelm Maybach, German automobile designer (b. 1846)
  • 1930-02-23 Horst Wessel, German nazi lyricist (Fahne Hoch), dies at 22
  • 1930-05-13 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), dies at 82
  • 1930-06-10 Adolf Harnack, German theologian (b. 1851)
  • 1930-06-22 Karl von Amira, German historian, dies at 82
  • 1930-08-04 Siegfried Wagner, German opera composer and conductor, dies at 61
  • 1930-10-10 Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844)

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener (1880-1930)

1930-11-03 German polar researcher and meteorologist (continental drift), dies while on an expedition to Greenland at 50 (date is approximate)

  • 1930-12-11 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German general and military historian (Germany & the Next War), dies at 80
  • 1930-12-24 Eduard David, German politician (constitution of Weimar), dies at 67
  • 1931-02-26 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
  • 1931-03-11 F.W. Murnau, German film director (b. 1888)
  • 1931-03-20 Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • 1931-07-18 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • 1931-09-09 Lujo Brentano, German economist and social reformer, dies at 86
  • 1931-10-10 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, dies at 84
  • 1931-10-17 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, dies at 47
  • 1932-01-15 Georg Kerschensteiner, German educationalist, dies at 77
  • 1932-03-03 Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert, German pianist and composer (Golem), dies at 67
  • 1932-04-02 Hugo Kaun, German composer, dies at 69
  • 1932-08-20 Paul Keller, German writer (Vergrabenes Gut), dies at 59
  • 1932-09-20 Max Slevogt, German painter, dies at 63
  • 1932-12-18 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist and revisionist, dies at 82
  • 1933-01-03 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, dies at 56
  • 1933-01-06 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, dies at 84
  • 1933-02-19 Arnold Mendelssohn, German composer, dies at 77
  • 1933-03-17 Ferdinand Von Alten, German-Russian actor (Champagne), dies at 48
  • 1933-04-09 Sigfrid Karg-Elert, German composer, dies at 55
  • 1933-04-24 Felix Adler, German-American educator of political and social ethics, dies at 81
  • 1933-05-13 Paul Ernst, German writer, dies at 67
  • 1933-05-21 John Henry Mackay, Scottish German author (Der Schwimmer), dies at 69
  • 1933-06-20 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, dies at 75
  • 1933-07-23 Max Schillings, German composer and conductor (Mona Lisa), dies at 65
  • 1933-10-27 Julius Klengel, German cellist and composer, dies at 74
  • 1933-12-04 Stefan George, German poet (Das neue Reich), dies at 65
  • 1933-12-12 Theodore Moses Tobani, German composer, dies at 78
  • 1933-12-17 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Side-Studies), dies at 81
  • 1934-01-29 Fritz Haber, German physicist and chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1918 for process to synthesize ammonia), dies at 65
  • 1934-02-17 Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (b. 1862)
  • 1934-03-29 Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)
  • 1934-03-31 Franz Ehrle, German Jesuit, head of Vatican library, dies at 88
  • 1934-06-30 Ernst Röhm, German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler’s Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts), executed at 46
  • 1934-06-30 Gregor Strasser, German political activist and NSDAP-Reich organization leader, murdered during the Night of the Long Knives at 42
  • 1934-06-30 Karl Ernst, German SA-leader, murdered during the Night of the Long Knives at 29
  • 1934-06-30 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (1932-33), murdered during the Night of the Long Knives at 52

Paul von HindenburgPaul von Hindenburg (1847-1934)

1934-08-02 German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), dies of lung cancer at 86

  • 1934-08-03 Carl F baron von Langen-Parow, German equestrian (Olympic gold 1928)
  • 1934-08-30 Earnest L. Wolzogen, German writer (That tolle Komtess), dies at 79
  • 1934-11-15 Anton Dreesmann, German-Dutch manufacturer (Vroom & Dreesman), dies at 80
  • 1934-11-16 Carl von Linde, German engineer and chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, dies at 92
  • 1934-11-17 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, dies at 51
  • 1935-02-03 Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)
  • 1935-02-08 Max Liebermann, German impressionist painter and graphic artist, dies at 87
  • 1935-04-14 Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
  • 1935-08-12 Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (Schottky's theorem), dies at 84
  • 1935-09-19 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), dies at 90
  • 1935-10-04 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German operatic soprano (Vienna State Opera, 1920-26), and pedagogue, dies at 61
  • 1935-11-08 Hans Windisch, German New Testament scholar, dies at 54
  • 1935-12-21 Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist/writer (Panter, Tiger & Co), dies at 45
  • 1936-02-04 Wilhelm Gustloff, German leader of the Swiss Nazi party (b. 1895)
  • 1936-02-17 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theozentrische), dies at 74
  • 1936-02-20 Max Schreck, German actor (Nosferatu - "Count Orlok"), dies of a heart attack at 56
  • 1936-04-03 Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, executed at 36
  • 1936-04-09 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, dies at 80
  • 1936-05-08 Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies at 55
  • 1936-07-24 Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of German Empire, dies at 78
  • 1936-09-12 Hermann Hirt, German linguist (Indo-European Grammar), dies at 70
  • 1936-11-11 Edward German, English Welsh composer (Merrie England), dies at 74
  • 1936-12-27 Hans von Seeckt, German general and advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, dies at 70
  • 1937-02-05 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Eroticism), dies at 75
  • 1937-06-26 Adolf Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), dies at 82
  • 1937-07-26 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26

Erich LudendorffErich Ludendorff (1865-1937)

1937-12-20 German general during World War I, dies of liver cancer at 72

  • 1938-01-28 Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver, dies at 28
  • 1938-02-05 Hans Litten, German jurist (b. 1903)
  • 1938-02-06 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, dies at 77
  • 1938-02-16 Otto zur Linde, German author (Lieder of the Leids), dies at 64
  • 1938-03-27 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), dies at 66
  • 1938-04-26 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), dies at 79
  • 1938-05-04 Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist and writer (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), dies at 48
  • 1938-06-15 Ernst L Kirchner, German painter, dies at 58
  • 1938-08-04 Rudolf Georg Binding, German songwriter and writer (Legenden Der Zeit), dies at 70
  • 1938-08-09 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), dies at 65
  • 1938-08-12 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, dies at 74
  • 1938-10-24 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, dies at 68
  • 1938-11-07 Ernst vom Rath, German diplomat, assassinated at 29, providing the pretext for Kristallnacht
  • 1938-12-08 Friedrich Glauser, German-language Swiss writer (b. 1896)
  • 1938-12-24 Bruno Taut, German architect (b. 1880)
  • 1939-02-17 Willy Hess, German violinist, dies at 79
  • 1939-03-06 Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (Proving π is a transcendental number), dies at 86
  • 1939-05-03 [Karl Eduard] Wilhelm Groener, German general, dies at 71
  • 1939-05-22 Ernst Toller, German playwright, commits suicide at 45
  • 1939-11-09 Dirk Klop, Dutch intelligence lt, shot by German Abwehr
  • 1939-11-29 Philipp Scheidemann, German politician (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, dies at 74
  • 1939-12-01 Max Fiedler, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1939-12-19 Karl Wagenfeld, Low German writer (Lucifer, Death & Devil), dies at 70
  • 1939-12-20 Hans Langsdorff, German Kriegsmarine (navy) captain commits suicide after scuttling his ship, the Admiral Graf Spee, due to dmaage from the Battle of the River Plat (near Argentina)plate
  • 1940-01-04 Conrad Weiss, German writer and poet (Heart of Words), dies at 59
  • 1940-01-12 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetiek), dies at 56
  • 1940-01-31 René "Sascha" Schickele, German writer (Erbe am Rhein), dies at 56