German History (Part 15)

Historical Events

Events 1401 - 1,500 of 2,176

  • 1943-05-26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • 1943-06-01 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, 13 passengers, included actor Leslie Howard, and 4 crew die
  • 1943-06-02 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins
  • 1943-06-05 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • 1943-06-20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1943-06-29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe
  • 1943-07-06 2nd day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: 25,000 Germans killed
  • 1943-07-07 3rd day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: Germans occupy Dubrova Luftwaffe fighter ace shoots down 7 Russian aircraft
  • 1943-07-07 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • 1943-07-09 5th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel - Germans occupy Verchopenje

Historic Event

1943-07-12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker

  • 1943-07-12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1943-07-17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • 1943-07-28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • 1943-07-31 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1943-08-04 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina
  • 1943-08-19 US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
  • 1943-08-23 50th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Largest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany; over 10,000 tanks take part, nearly 250,000 combatants killed
  • 1943-08-25 German occupiers impose 72-hour work week
  • 1943-08-29 Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany
  • 1943-09-09 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
  • 1943-09-10 German troops occupy Rome and take took over the protection of Vatican City
  • 1943-09-11 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island / Rapa Nui
  • 1943-09-13 German counter attack at Salerno
  • 1943-09-29 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel
  • 1943-10-01 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • 1943-10-04 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • 1943-10-13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • 1943-10-28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • 1943-11-16 World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • 1943-11-21 7 Belgian ministers in London criticise King Leopold III for surrendering to Germany
  • 1943-12-17 Transport 63 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943-12-26 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
  • 1943-12-27 German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea
  • 1944-01-15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
  • 1944-01-21 447 German bombers attack London
  • 1944-01-29 285 German bombers attack London
  • 1944-02-07 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy
  • 1944-02-11 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • 1944-02-20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
  • 1944-03-04 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • 1944-03-18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • 1944-03-24 RAF rear gunner Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, suffers only a sprained leg
  • 1944-03-25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • 1944-04-02 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • 1944-04-05 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans

Historic Event

1944-04-13 Transport #71 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,500 French Jews to Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; an estimated 91 survived

  • 1944-04-28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.

Historic Event

1944-05-07 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

  • 1944-05-12 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him
  • 1944-05-14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • 1944-05-18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • 1944-05-19 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • 1944-05-25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • 1944-05-30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1944-06-02 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • 1944-06-04 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas

D-Day

1944-06-05 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

  • 1944-06-06 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • 1944-06-10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • 1944-06-13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • 1944-06-13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • 1944-06-18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • 1944-06-29 German counter attack at Caen
  • 1944-07-01 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs

Historic Event

1944-07-02 German Field Marshal Günther von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt

  • 1944-07-04 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
  • 1944-07-04 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
  • 1944-07-10 German submarine U-821 sunk by RAF
  • 1944-07-18 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • 1944-07-19 1,200+ 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany

Assassination Attempt

1944-07-20 Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg

  • 1944-07-20 Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
  • 1944-07-24 300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied/German positions at Saint-Lô, France
  • 1944-07-26 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").
  • 1944-07-29 Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours
  • 1944-07-31 Transport #77 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1944-08-02 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with Nazi Germany

Historic Event

1944-08-04 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified

  • 1944-08-05 German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising
  • 1944-08-06 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
  • 1944-08-07 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • 1944-08-15 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • 1944-08-17 German field marshal Walter Model replaces Günther von Kluge in Normandy
  • 1944-08-20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • 1944-08-21 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • 1944-08-22 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944-08-26 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed
  • 1944-08-28 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • 1944-08-29 Anti-German rebellion in Slovakia
  • 1944-09-04 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • 1944-09-05 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • 1944-09-08 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • 1944-09-11 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany
  • 1944-09-12 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • 1944-09-17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • 1944-09-20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • 1944-09-30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten, Netherlands
  • 1944-10-06 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • 1944-10-09 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1401 - 1,500 of 3,440

  • 1865-04-30 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, born in Neuwaldegg, Austria (d. 1944)
  • 1865-06-19 Alfred Hugenberg, German politician and businessman, born in Hanover (d. 1951)
  • 1865-06-28 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), born in Grünberg, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1910)
  • 1865-07-21 Robert Kahn, German composer, born in Mannheim (d. 1951)
  • 1865-07-23 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, born in Horn, Hamburg (d. 1942)
  • 1865-07-26 Philipp Scheidemann, German politcian (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1865-08-24 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), born in Sigmaringen, German Confederation (d. 1927)
  • 1865-09-03 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1865-10-04 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), born in Güttland, Gdańsk (d. 1944)
  • 1865-10-15 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • 1865-12-13 Gustav Luders, German-American composer, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1866-01-31 Emil Strauss, German writer (Naked Man)
  • 1866-02-06 Karl Sapper, German traveller & natural historian (d. 1945)
  • 1866-03-07 Paul Ernst, German writer, born in Elbingerode, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1933)
  • 1866-04-20 Victor Hollaender, German composer, born in Leobschutz, Silesia (d. 1940)
  • 1866-04-22 Hans von Seeckt, German general and advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, born in Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig, German Confederation (d. 1936)
  • 1866-05-23 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • 1866-06-26 Josef Swickard, German actor (The Wizard of Oz; Lost City; A Tale of Two Cities), born in Coblenz, Germany (d. 1940)
  • 1866-08-05 Carl Dietrich Harries, German chemist (developed synthetic rubber), born in Luckenwalde, Germany (d. 1923)
  • 1866-10-25 Georg Alfred Schumann, German composer, born in Königstein, Saxony, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1866-11-07 Paul Lincke, German composer and theater conductor considered the "father" of the Berlin operetta (Frau Luna, Lysistrata), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1867-01-17 Carl Laemmle, German-born film executive (d. 1939)
  • 1867-01-21 Ludwig Thoma, German writer (d. 1921)
  • 1867-02-11 August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist, born in Mainz (d. 1937)
  • 1867-02-12 Hedwig Courths-Mahler, German author (Warbride) [or Febr 18]
  • 1867-02-26 Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon, South Africa, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1958) alternative birth date Nov 28 1866
  • 1867-04-02 Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1867-05-14 Kurt Eisner, German premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)
  • 1867-07-08 Kathe Kollwitz, German print maker and sculptor (Bauernkrieg)
  • 1867-07-10 Maximilian, Prince of Baden, German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918), born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1867-07-25 Max Dauthendey, German painter and author (Ewige Hochzeit), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1867-08-07 Emil Nolde [Hansen], German painter and graphic artist, born in Nolde, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1956)
  • 1867-08-13 Rudolf Georg Binding, German songwriter and writer (Legenden Der Zeit), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1938)
  • 1867-09-07 Albert Bassermann, German actor (Foreign Correspondent, Madame Curie), born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1867-11-03 Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg, German composer, born in Bad Schachen (d. 1944)
  • 1867-12-22 Joseph Maria Olbrich, Austrian architect (Wiener Sezession), born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1908)
  • 1867-12-22 Wilhelm Groener, German soldier & politician, born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1867-12-25 Alfred Kerr [Kempner], German-British writer, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1948)
  • 1868-01-07 Abraham M. "Mark" Lidzbarski, Polish German orientalist
  • 1868-02-16 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist and linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1868-03-31 Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist
  • 1868-04-14 Peter Behrens, German architect, born in Hamburg, North German Confederation (d. 1940)
  • 1868-04-19 Max Von Schillings, German composer and conductor (Der Pfeifertag), born in Düren, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1868-07-12 Stefan George, German lyric poet (Algabal), born in Büdesheim, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1868-07-30 Alfred Weber, German economist and sociologist, born in Erfurt, Prussian Saxony (d. 1958)

Hugo EckenerHugo Eckener (1868-1954)

1868-08-10 German inventor and commander of the famous Graf Zeppelin during its record-setting flights, born in Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein

  • 1868-10-08 Max Slevogt, German painter, born in Landshut, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1868-10-16 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German general (China)
  • 1868-11-08 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942)
  • 1868-12-05 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1951)
  • 1868-12-09 Fritz Haber, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1918), born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1934)
  • 1868-12-24 Emanuel Lasker, German World Chess Champion (1894-21), born in Barlinek, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1869-02-11 Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
  • 1869-04-30 Hans Poelzig, German architect (Grosses Schauspielhaus), born in Berlin (d. 1936)
  • 1869-06-06 Siegfried Wagner, German opera composer and conductor, born in Tribschen, Lucerne, Switzerland (d. 1930)
  • 1869-06-27 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1869-08-27 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1946)
  • 1869-10-03 Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1896), born in Danzig, Prussia (d. 1942)
  • 1869-11-13 Helene Stöcker, German feminist, pacifist and publicist, born in Elberfeld, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1869-12-02 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Theory of the Dialects), born in Görlitz, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1869-12-19 Eduard Hermann, German linguist (Homer) Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (d. 1950)
  • 1870-01-02 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, born in Wedel (d. 1938)
  • 1870-01-06 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany, born in Ozyorsk, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1870-01-16 Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • 1870-02-10 Fritz Klimsch, German sculptor/painter
  • 1870-04-07 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • 1870-06-21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1870-07-12 Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1870-09-04 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)
  • 1870-09-08 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1871-01-12 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer
  • 1871-01-22 Léon Jessel, German light classical and operetta composer (The Parade of the Tin Soldiers; Schwarzwaldmädel (The Black Forest Girl)), born in Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland) (d. 1942)
  • 1871-02-04 Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
  • 1871-03-05 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • 1871-03-27 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • 1871-04-21 Leo Blech, German composer and conductor, born in Aachen, Rhenish Prussia (d. 1958)
  • 1871-04-29 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1871-07-17 Lyonel Feininger, German-American cartoonist and painter, born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • 1871-08-01 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • 1871-08-13 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1871-09-19 Fritz Schaudinn, German zoologist (examined syphilis), born in Röseningken, East Prussia (d. 1906)
  • 1871-10-26 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, born in Pforzheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1871-10-29 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), born in Ermershausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1872-03-13 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist and editor of the New York Evening Post, born in Wiesbaden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1872-06-06 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian Tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1872-08-13 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1942)
  • 1872-09-10 Josephina "Frieda" Herberich, German actress (Salontiroler, Verdoold Sheep), born (d. 1958)
  • 1872-09-20 Maurice Gamelin, French Army general (unable to stop the German assault on France (May 1940)), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • 1872-11-03 Paul Panzer, German-American silent film actor (The Perils of Pauline, Mildred Pierce, Hotel Berlin), born in Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1872-12-10 Johann Babtist Thaller, German composer, born in Röhrmoos, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1872-12-10 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1873-01-06 Karl Straube, German organist & conductor, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1950)
  • 1873-01-19 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), born in Leutkirch im Allgäu (d. 1945)
  • 1873-02-02 Freiherr Konstantin von Neurath, German secretary of State (1932-38)
  • 1873-02-15 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)
  • 1873-03-10 Jakob Wassermann, German novelist (My Life as German & Jew)
  • 1873-03-19 Max Reger, German concert pianist, organist, composer (Hebbel Requiem), and professor (Royal Conservatory - Leipzig, 1907-16), born in Brand, Bavarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1873-03-25 Rudolf Rocker, German American anarchist, born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1873-04-26 Otto zur Linde, German author (Charon), born in Essen, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1873-05-03 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general, born in Wiesbaden, Germany (d. 1945)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1401 - 1,500 of 2,526

  • 1940-02-27 Peter Behrens, German architect, dies at 71
  • 1940-03-01 Josef Swickard, German actor (The Wizard of Oz; Lost City; A Tale of Two Cities), dies at 73
  • 1940-03-20 Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (b. 1860)
  • 1940-04-26 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65
  • 1940-06-22 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer commits suicide at 49
  • 1940-06-22 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who developed the Köppen climate classification system for the regions of the world, dies at 93
  • 1940-06-29 Paul Klee, Swiss-German painter and educator at the Bauhaus, dies at 60
  • 1940-08-24 Paul G. Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow disk), dies at 80
  • 1940-09-27 Walter Benjamin, German/French literature critic/writer, dies at 48
  • 1940-10-24 Victor Hollaender, German composer, dies at 74
  • 1940-11-30 Fritz Volbach, German conductor, musicologist and composer (Raffael), dies at 78
  • 1941-01-06 Franz Hessel, German writer, dies at 60
  • 1941-01-10 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, murdered at 67
  • 1941-01-11 Emanuel Lasker, German chess player (b. 1868)
  • 1941-02-02 Johannes Schlaf, German writer and translator, dies at 78
  • 1941-02-11 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/Min of Finance (SPD), suicide at 63
  • 1941-02-24 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926), dies at 56
  • 1941-03-05 Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel 1927), dies at 82
  • 1941-03-07 Arnold Schering, German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik), dies at 63
  • 1941-03-07 Gunther Prien, German commandant (U-47), dies in battle
  • 1941-03-17 Joachim Schepke, German commandant (U-100), dies in battle
  • 1941-03-21 Robert Liefmann, German economist (Kartelle und Trusts), dies at 67
  • 1941-04-14 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, dies at 69
  • 1941-05-08 Heinrich Zöllner, German composer, dies at 86

Wilhelm IIWilhelm II (1859-1941)

1941-06-04 German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), dies of a pulmonary embolus at 82

  • 1941-06-15 Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist, dies at 67
  • 1941-07-05 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, dies at 69
  • 1941-07-17 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), dies at 62
  • 1941-08-14 Josef Jakobs, German spy, executed in Tower of London
  • 1941-09-09 Gustav Ehrismann, German author and expert on the German language, dies at 85
  • 1941-09-09 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), dies at 72
  • 1941-09-29 Friedrich Angel, German mathematician (group theory), dies at 79
  • 1941-11-17 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, commits suicide at 45
  • 1941-11-22 Werner Mölders, German ace fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1941-12-24 Siegfried Alkan, German composer, dies at 83
  • 1942-01-04 Léon Jessel, German light classical and operetta composer (The Parade of the Tin Soldiers; Schwarzwaldmädel (The Black Forest Girl)), dies of injuries sustained during Gestapo interrogation at 70
  • 1942-01-17 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal, dies at 57
  • 1942-01-31 Rolf Wenkhaus, German actor (Spoiling the Game, S.A.-Mann Brand), dies when his plane is shot down during WWII at 24
  • 1942-02-08 Fritz Todt, German construction engineer, Reich Minister for Armaments and Munitions Reichs minister and Head of the Organization Todt, dies in a plane crash at 50
  • 1942-03-12 Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • 1942-04-30 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)

Reinhard HeydrichReinhard Heydrich (1904-1942)

1942-06-04 German Nazi leader (head of Bohemia and Moravia and the Reich Main Security Office), dies a week after an assassination attempt at 38

  • 1942-06-25 Hans Lietzman, German theologist and church historian, dies at 67
  • 1942-08-02 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, dies at 77
  • 1942-08-03 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), dies at 69
  • 1942-08-09 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), dies at 50 [1]
  • 1942-08-31 Georg Von Bismarck, German major general, (Africa Corps), dies in Battle of Alam el Halfa at 51
  • 1942-10-06 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), dies at 55
  • 1942-10-23 Georg Stumme, German general, commandant of African corps, dies at 56
  • 1942-11-03 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Trousers, Snob), dies at 64
  • 1942-11-19 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), shot and killed by German Nazi at 50
  • 1942-12-20 Jean Gilbert [Max Winterfeld], German composer, dies at 63

Franz BoasFranz Boas (1858-1942)

1942-12-22 German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), dies at 84

  • 1942-12-28 Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1896), dies at 73
  • 1943-02-14 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry, dies at 81
  • 1943-02-14 Dora Gerson, German-Jewish actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (Caravan of Death), dies in Auschwitz concentration camp at 43
  • 1943-02-22 Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (That Weisse Rose), dies
  • 1943-02-22 Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (White Rose), beheaded for treason at 24
  • 1943-02-22 Sophie Scholl, German anti-Nazi political activist, active in the non-violent resistance group, the White Rose (Die Weisse Rose), beheaded by guillotine at 21
  • 1943-04-03 Conrad Veidt, German actor (Casablanca, Cabinet of Dr Calgary), dies from a heart attack at 50
  • 1943-04-04 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor and choreographer (Triadisches Ballett), dies at 54
  • 1943-04-19 Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1943-04-19 Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1943-05-16 Alfred Hoche, German psychiatrist (b. 1865)
  • 1943-05-29 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, dies at 72
  • 1943-07-13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50
  • 1943-08-01 Ismar Elbogen, German/US learned/rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
  • 1943-08-05 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter, is executed during WWII at 55
  • 1943-08-07 Gustav Schmidt, German lt-general, dies in battle
  • 1943-08-18 Hans Jeschonnek, German air force general/chief-staff, commits suicide
  • 1943-08-23 Johann Zilcher, German composer, dies at 88
  • 1943-08-27 Otto Selz, German psychologist, dies at 62
  • 1943-09-30 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)
  • 1943-10-10 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • 1943-10-27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • 1943-11-09 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman and theologian, dies at 67
  • 1943-11-24 Martin Raschke, German author and publisher dies at 38
  • 1943-12-04 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician and anti-fascist, dies at 46
  • 1944-01-05 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • 1944-01-21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major and pilot, shot down
  • 1944-02-19 Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg, German composer, dies at 76
  • 1944-03-15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • 1944-03-20 Felix Woyrsch, German composer, dies at 83
  • 1944-04-05 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • 1944-06-24 Rio Gebhardt, German composer, dies at 36
  • 1944-07-07 Erich Salomon, German photographer, dies at 58
  • 1944-07-11 Wolfgang Redlich, German major/pilot, dies in battle
  • 1944-07-20 Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
  • 1944-07-20 Claus von Stauffenberg, German antifascist colonel (attempted to assassinate Hitler), dies by firing squad at 36
  • 1944-07-20 Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1944-07-20 Heinz Burns, German (Olympic gold 1936), dies in bombing
  • 1944-07-20 Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
  • 1944-07-20 Ludwig Beck, German general (July 20th plot), dies at 64
  • 1944-07-20 Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1944-07-20 Rudolf Schmundt, German general /Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds in attempt to assassinate Hitler at 48
  • 1944-07-20 Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1944-07-23 Helmuth James von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed by the Nazis for treason at 37
  • 1944-08-03 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • 1944-08-08 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot), hanged at 62
  • 1944-08-10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, German aristocrat, attempted to assassinate Hitler, executed by Nazi regime at 39