German History (Part 15)

Historical Events

Events 1401 - 1,500 of 2,188

  • 1943-05-01 German plane sinks the British ship SS Erinpura in the Mediterranean with the loss of 799 lives
  • 1943-05-02 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia
  • 1943-05-09 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia
  • 1943-05-12 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
  • 1943-05-13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • 1943-05-13 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-05-16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1943-05-17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams
  • 1943-05-26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • 1943-06-01 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
  • 1943-06-02 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins
  • 1943-06-05 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • 1943-06-20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1943-06-29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe
  • 1943-07-06 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 Germans killed
  • 1943-07-07 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova

  • 1943-07-07 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • 1943-07-09 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • 1943-07-12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
  • 1943-07-12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1943-07-13 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
  • 1943-07-17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • 1943-07-28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • 1943-07-31 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1943-08-04 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina
  • 1943-08-19 US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
  • 1943-08-25 German occupiers impose 72-hour work week
  • 1943-08-29 Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany
  • 1943-09-09 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
  • 1943-09-10 German troops occupy Rome and take took over the protection of Vatican City
  • 1943-09-11 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island
  • 1943-09-13 German counter attack at Salerno
  • 1943-09-29 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel
  • 1943-09-29 German riots at Amsterdam Jews
  • 1943-10-01 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • 1943-10-04 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)

  • 1943-10-13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • 1943-10-28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • 1943-11-16 World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • 1943-11-21 7 Belgian ministers in London criticise King Leopold III for surrendering to Germany
  • 1943-12-17 Transport 63 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943-12-26 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
  • 1943-12-27 German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea
  • 1944-01-15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
  • 1944-01-21 447 German bombers attack London
  • 1944-01-29 285 German bombers attack London
  • 1944-02-07 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy
  • 1944-02-11 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • 1944-02-20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
  • 1944-03-04 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • 1944-03-18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • 1944-03-24 RAF rear gunner Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, suffers only a sprained leg
  • 1944-03-25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • 1944-04-02 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • 1944-04-05 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • 1944-04-13 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944-04-28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-05-07 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1944-05-12 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him
  • 1944-05-14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • 1944-05-18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • 1944-05-19 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • 1944-05-25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • 1944-05-30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1944-06-02 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • 1944-06-04 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944-06-05 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies
Learn More >>

"Into the Jaws of Death" by Robert F. Sargent
  • 1944-06-06 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • 1944-06-10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • 1944-06-13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • 1944-06-13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • 1944-06-18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • 1944-06-29 German counter attack at Caen
  • 1944-07-01 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs
  • 1944-07-02 German Field Marshal Günther von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • 1944-07-04 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
  • 1944-07-04 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
  • 1944-07-10 German submarine U-821 sunk by RAF
  • 1944-07-18 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • 1944-07-19 1,200+ 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
  • 1944-07-20 Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen

MurderAssassination Attempt

1944-07-20 Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944-07-24 300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied/German positions
  • 1944-07-26 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").
  • 1944-07-29 Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours
  • 1944-07-31 Transport #77 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1944-08-02 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with nazi-Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-08-04 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944-08-05 German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising
  • 1944-08-06 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
  • 1944-08-07 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • 1944-08-15 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • 1944-08-17 German field marshal Walter Model replaces Günther von Kluge in Normandy
  • 1944-08-20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • 1944-08-21 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • 1944-08-22 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944-08-26 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed
  • 1944-08-28 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • 1944-08-29 Anti-German rebellion in Slovakia
  • 1944-09-04 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1401 - 1,500 of 3,455

  • 1865-04-09 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Person of interestErich Ludendorff

1865-04-09 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia (d. 1937)

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1865-04-30 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, born in Neuwaldegg, Austria (d. 1944)
  • 1865-06-19 Alfred Hugenberg, German politician and businessman, born in Hanover (d. 1951)
  • 1865-06-28 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), born in Grünberg, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1910)
  • 1865-07-21 Robert Kahn, German composer, born in Mannheim (d. 1951)
  • 1865-07-23 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, born in Horn, Hamburg (d. 1942)
  • 1865-07-26 Philipp Scheidemann, German politcian (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1865-08-24 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), born in Sigmaringen, German Confederation (d. 1927)
  • 1865-09-03 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1865-10-04 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), born in Güttland, Gdańsk (d. 1944)
  • 1865-10-15 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • 1865-12-13 Gustav Luders, German-American composer, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1866-01-31 Emil Strauss, German writer (Naked Man)
  • 1866-02-06 Karl Sapper, German traveller & natural historian (d. 1945)
  • 1866-03-07 Paul Ernst, German writer, born in Elbingerode, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1933)
  • 1866-04-20 Victor Hollaender, German composer, born in Leobschutz, Silesia (d. 1940)
  • 1866-04-22 Hans von Seeckt, German general and advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, born in Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig, German Confederation (d. 1936)
  • 1866-05-23 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • 1866-06-26 Josef Swickard, German actor (The Wizard of Oz, Lost City, Tale of 2 Cities), born in Coblenz, Germany (d. 1940)
  • 1866-08-05 Carl Harries, German chemist (d. 1923)
  • 1866-10-25 Georg Alfred Schumann, German composer, born in Königstein, Saxony, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1866-11-07 Paul Lincke, German composer and theater conductor considered the "father" of the Berlin operetta (Frau Luna, Lysistrata), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1867-01-17 Carl Laemmle, German-born film executive (d. 1939)
  • 1867-01-21 Ludwig Thoma, German writer (d. 1921)
  • 1867-02-11 August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist
  • 1867-02-12 Hedwig Courths-Mahler, German author (Warbride) [or Febr 18]
  • 1867-02-26 Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon/So Afr/America)
  • 1867-04-02 Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1867-05-14 Kurt Eisner, German premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)
  • 1867-07-08 Kathe Kollwitz, German print maker/sculptor (Bauernkrieg)
  • 1867-07-10 Maximilian, Prince of Baden, German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918), born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1867-07-25 Max Dauthendey, German painter and author (Ewige Hochzeit), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1867-08-07 Emil Nolde [Hansen], German painter and graphic artist, born in Nolde, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1956)
  • 1867-08-13 Rudolf Georg Binding, German songwriter and writer (Legenden Der Zeit), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1938)
  • 1867-09-07 Albert Bassermann, German actor (Foreign Correspondent, Madame Curie), born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1867-11-03 Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg, German composer, born in Bad Schachen (d. 1944)
  • 1867-12-22 Joseph Maria Olbrich, Austrian architect (Wiener Sezession), born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1908)
  • 1867-12-22 Wilhelm Groener, German soldier & politician, born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1867-12-25 Alfred Kerr [Kempner], German-British writer, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1948)
  • 1868-01-07 Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski, Polish/German orientalist
  • 1868-02-16 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1868-03-31 Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist
  • 1868-04-14 Peter Behrens, German architect, born in Hamburg, North German Confederation (d. 1940)
  • 1868-04-19 Max Von Schillings, German composer and conductor (Der Pfeifertag), born in Düren, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1868-07-12 Stefan George, German lyric poet (Algabal), born in Büdesheim, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1868-07-30 Alfred Weber, German economist and sociologist, born in Erfurt, Prussian Saxony (d. 1958)

Person of interestHugo Eckener

1868-08-10 Hugo Eckener, German inventor and commander of the famous Graf Zeppelin during its record-setting flights, born in Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1954)

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • 1868-10-08 Max Slevogt, German painter, born in Landshut, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1868-10-16 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German general (China)
  • 1868-11-08 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942)
  • 1868-12-05 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1951)
  • 1868-12-09 Fritz Haber, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1918), born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1934)
  • 1868-12-24 Emanuel Lasker, German world chess champion (1894-21), born in Barlinek, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1869-02-11 Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
  • 1869-04-30 Hans Poelzig, German architect (Grosses Schauspielhaus), born in Berlin (d. 1936)
  • 1869-06-06 Siegfried Wagner, German opera composer and conductor, born in Tribschen, Lucerne, Switzerland (d. 1930)
  • 1869-06-27 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1869-08-27 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1946)
  • 1869-10-03 Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1896), born in Danzig, Prussia (d. 1942)
  • 1869-11-13 Helene Stöcker, German feminist, pacifist and publicist, born in Elberfeld, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1869-12-02 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Theory of the Dialects), born in Görlitz, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1869-12-19 Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)
  • 1870-01-02 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, born in Wedel (d. 1938)
  • 1870-01-06 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany, born in Ozyorsk, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1870-01-16 Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • 1870-02-10 Fritz Klimsch, German sculptor/painter
  • 1870-04-07 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • 1870-06-21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1870-07-12 Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1870-09-04 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)
  • 1870-09-08 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1871-01-12 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer
  • 1871-01-22 Leon Jessel, German composer (The Parade of the Tin Soldiers), born in Stettin (d. 1942)
  • 1871-02-04 Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
  • 1871-03-05 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • 1871-03-27 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • 1871-04-21 Leo Blech, German composer and conductor, born in Aachen, Rhenish Prussia (d. 1958)
  • 1871-04-29 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1871-07-17 Lyonel Feininger, German-American cartoonist and painter, born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • 1871-08-01 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • 1871-08-13 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1871-09-19 Fritz Schaudinn, German zoologist (examined syphilis), born in Röseningken, East Prussia (d. 1906)
  • 1871-10-26 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, born in Pforzheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1871-10-29 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), born in Ermershausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1872-03-13 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist and editor of the New York Evening Post, born in Wiesbaden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1872-06-06 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1872-08-13 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1942)
  • 1872-09-10 Josephina "Frieda" Herberich, German actress (Salontiroler, Verdoold Sheep), born (d. 1958)
  • 1872-09-20 Maurice Gamelin, French Army general (unable to stop the German assault on France (May 1940)), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • 1872-11-03 Paul Panzer, German-American silent film actor (The Perils of Pauline, Mildred Pierce, Hotel Berlin), born in Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1872-12-10 Johann Babtist Thaller, German composer, born in Röhrmoos, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1872-12-10 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1873-01-06 Karl Straube, German organist & conductor, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1950)
  • 1873-01-19 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), born in Leutkirch im Allgäu (d. 1945)
  • 1873-02-02 Freiherr Konstantin von Neurath, German secretary of State (1932-38)
  • 1873-02-15 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)
  • 1873-03-10 Jakob Wassermann, German novelist (My Life as German & Jew)
  • 1873-03-19 Max Reger, German composer, pianist and professor (Leipzig Univ), born in Brand, Bavarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1873-03-25 Rudolf Rocker, German/US anarchist

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1401 - 1,500 of 2,540

  • 1939-05-22 Ernst Toller, German playwright, commits suicide at 45
  • 1939-11-09 Dirk Klop, Dutch intelligence lt, shot by German Abwehr
  • 1939-11-29 Philipp Scheidemann, German politician (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, dies at 74
  • 1939-12-01 Max Fiedler, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1939-12-19 Karl Wagenfeld, Low German writer (Lucifer, Death & Devil), dies at 70
  • 1939-12-20 Hans Langsdorff, German capt (Graaf Spee), commits suicide
  • 1940-01-04 Conrad Weiss, German writer and poet (Heart of Words), dies at 59
  • 1940-01-12 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetiek), dies at 56
  • 1940-01-31 René "Sascha" Schickele, German writer (Erbe am Rhein), dies at 56
  • 1940-02-27 Peter Behrens, German architect, dies at 71
  • 1940-03-01 Josef Swickard, German actor (The Wizard of Oz, Lost City, Tale of 2 Cities), dies at 73
  • 1940-03-20 Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (b. 1860)
  • 1940-04-26 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65
  • 1940-06-22 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who developed the Köppen climate classification system for the regions of the world, dies at 93
  • 1940-06-22 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer commits suicide at 49
  • 1940-06-29 Paul Klee, Swiss/German painter/tutor (Modern Art), dies at 60
  • 1940-08-24 Paul G. Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow disk), dies at 80
  • 1940-09-27 Walter Benjamin, German/French literature critic/writer, dies at 48
  • 1940-10-24 Victor Hollaender, German composer, dies at 74
  • 1940-11-30 Fritz Volbach, German musicologist/conductor/composer, dies at 78
  • 1941-01-06 Franz Hessel, German writer, dies at 60
  • 1941-01-10 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, murdered at 67
  • 1941-01-11 Emanuel Lasker, German chess player (b. 1868)
  • 1941-02-02 Johannes Schlaf, German writer and translator, dies at 78
  • 1941-02-11 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/Min of Finance (SPD), suicide at 63
  • 1941-02-24 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926), dies at 56
  • 1941-03-05 Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel 1927), dies at 82
  • 1941-03-07 Arnold Schering, German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik), dies at 63
  • 1941-03-07 Gunther Prien, German commandant (U-47), dies in battle
  • 1941-03-17 Joachim Schepke, German commandant (U-100), dies in battle
  • 1941-03-21 Robert Liefmann, German economist (Kartelle und Trusts), dies at 67
  • 1941-04-14 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, dies at 69
  • 1941-05-08 Heinrich Zöllner, German composer, dies at 86

Person of interestWilhelm II

1941-06-04 Wilhelm II von Hohenzollern, German Emperor (1888-1918), dies of a pulmonary embolus at 82

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1941-06-15 Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist, dies at 67
  • 1941-07-05 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, dies at 69
  • 1941-07-17 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), dies at 62
  • 1941-08-14 Josef Jakobs, German spy, executed in Tower of London
  • 1941-09-09 Gustav Ehrismann, German author and expert on the German language, dies at 85
  • 1941-09-09 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), dies at 72
  • 1941-09-29 Friedrich Angel, German mathematician (group theory), dies at 79
  • 1941-11-17 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, commits suicide at 45
  • 1941-11-18 Walter H Nernst, German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77
  • 1941-11-22 Werner Mölders, German ace fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1941-12-24 Siegfried Alkan, German composer (b. 1858)
  • 1942-01-04 Leon Jessel, German composer (The Parade of the Tin Soldiers), dies at 70
  • 1942-01-17 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal, dies at 57
  • 1942-01-31 Rolf Wenkhaus, German actor (Spoiling the Game, S.A.-Mann Brand), dies when his plane is shot down during WWII at 24
  • 1942-02-08 Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt), dies in a plane crash at 50
  • 1942-03-12 Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • 1942-04-30 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)

Person of interestReinhard Heydrich

1942-06-04 Reinhard Heydrich, German Nazi leader (head of Bohemia and Moravia and the Reich Main Security Office), dies a week after an assassination attempt at 38

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • 1942-06-25 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian, dies at 67
  • 1942-08-02 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, dies at 77
  • 1942-08-03 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), dies at 69
  • 1942-08-09 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), dies at 50
  • 1942-08-31 Von Bismarck, German major general, (Africa Corps), dies in battle
  • 1942-10-06 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), dies at 55
  • 1942-10-23 Georg Stumme, German general/commandant of African corps, dies
  • 1942-11-03 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Trousers, Snob), dies at 64
  • 1942-11-19 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), shot and killed by German Nazi at 50
  • 1942-12-20 Jean Gilbert [Max Winterfeld], German composer, dies at 63
  • 1942-12-22 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), dies 84
  • 1942-12-28 Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1896), dies at 73
  • 1943-02-14 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry, dies at 81
  • 1943-02-14 Dora Gerson, German-Jewish actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (Caravan of Death), dies in Auschwitz concentration camp at 43
  • 1943-02-22 Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (That Weisse Rose), dies
  • 1943-02-22 Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (White Rose), beheaded at 24
  • 1943-02-22 Sophie Scholl, German anti-Nazi political activist, active in the non-violent resistance group, the White Rose (Die Weisse Rose), beheaded by guillotine at 21
  • 1943-04-03 Conrad Veidt, German actor (Casablanca, Cabinet of Dr Calgary), dies from a heart attack at 50
  • 1943-04-04 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor and choreographer (Triadisches Ballett), dies at 54
  • 1943-04-19 Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1943-04-19 Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1943-05-16 Alfred Hoche, German psychiatrist (b. 1865)
  • 1943-05-29 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, dies at 72
  • 1943-07-13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50
  • 1943-08-01 Ismar Elbogen, German/US learned/rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
  • 1943-08-05 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter, is executed during WWII at 55
  • 1943-08-07 Gustav Schmidt, German lt-general, dies in battle
  • 1943-08-18 Hans Jeschonnek, German air force general/chief-staff, commits suicide
  • 1943-08-23 Johann Zilcher, German composer, dies at 88
  • 1943-08-27 Otto Selz, German psychologist, dies at 62
  • 1943-09-30 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)
  • 1943-10-10 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • 1943-10-27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • 1943-11-09 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman and theologian, dies at 67
  • 1943-11-24 Martin Raschke, German author and publisher dies at 38
  • 1943-12-04 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician and anti-fascist, dies at 46
  • 1944-01-05 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • 1944-01-21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major and pilot, shot down
  • 1944-02-19 Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg, German composer, dies at 76
  • 1944-03-15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • 1944-03-20 Felix Woyrsch, German composer, dies at 83
  • 1944-04-05 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • 1944-06-24 Rio Gebhardt, German composer, dies at 36
  • 1944-07-07 Erich Salomon, German photographer, dies at 58
  • 1944-07-11 Wolfgang Redlich, German major/pilot, dies in battle
  • 1944-07-20 Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
  • 1944-07-20 Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, count/German antifascist colonel, dies
  • 1944-07-20 Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed