German History (Part 16)

Historical Events

Events 1501 - 1,600 of 2,181

  • 1944-09-30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • 1944-10-06 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • 1944-10-09 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • 1944-10-12 German army retreats from Athens
  • 1944-10-13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • 1944-10-21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • 1944-11-03 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • 1944-11-03 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • 1944-11-04 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • 1944-11-05 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die
  • 1944-11-08 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • 1944-11-10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • 1944-11-12 RAF sinks German battleship Tirpitz at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • 1944-11-25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1944-12-02 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
  • 1944-12-04 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded

  • 1944-12-05 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • 1944-12-10 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • 1944-12-14 Beginning of Liese-Aktion: Germany tries to recruit Dutch men for the Germany labor force
  • 1944-12-14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • 1944-12-16 Nazi Germany launches a counteroffensive against the Allies in the Ardennes region of Belgium, beginning the 'Battle of the Bulge'
  • 1944-12-16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • 1944-12-22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1944-12-26 Battle of Bastogne: US General Patton's 3rd Army repulses Germans

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944-12-31 World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany.
  • 1945-01-01 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • 1945-01-04 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-01-07 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • 1945-01-12 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • 1945-01-17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears German resistance
  • 1945-01-18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland and push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1945-01-20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • 1945-02-09 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen

Battle of InterestBombing of Dresden

1945-02-13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die

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Dresden after the Allied firebombing campaign in 1945
Dresden after the Allied firebombing campaign in 1945
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  • 1945-02-13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Nazi Germany in which 159,000 die
  • 1945-02-16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany

  • 1945-02-21 Operation Veritable: British Army captures Goch from Germany, forcing German retreat away from the Rhineland
  • 1945-02-24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • 1945-02-25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1945-03-04 Finland declares war on Nazi Germany
  • 1945-03-07 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-03-10 Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring
German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • 1945-03-10 Germany blows up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • 1945-03-16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-03-19 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945-03-21 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-03-24 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Bernard Montgomery and Omar Bradley discuss advance in Germany

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1945-03-24 Operation Varsity: In the largest one-day airborne operation of all time, British, US & Canadian paratroopers land east of the Rhine in Northern Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-03-27 General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945-03-28 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • 1945-03-30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans
  • 1945-04-04 The Holocaust: US forces liberate the Ohrdruf concentration camp in Germany, the first such camp to be liberated by the US Army
  • 1945-04-07 Sonderkommando Elbe, special Luftwaffe units designed to destroy Allied planes by ramming them mid-air, are sent on their first and only mission of World War II
  • 1945-04-10 German troops attack Ijsselbrug
  • 1945-04-14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945-04-16 German troops in Groningen surrender

  • 1945-04-16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945-04-16 Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops
  • 1945-04-17 German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands
  • 1945-04-18 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propaganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • 1945-04-20 German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
  • 1945-04-20 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1945-04-21 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • 1945-04-25 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
  • 1945-04-25 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany

Victory in BattleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945-04-25 Soviet forces complete their encirclement of Berlin, cutting off all access points west of the German capital

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Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
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  • 1945-04-25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
  • 1945-04-26 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • 1945-04-29 German armies in Italy sign an unconditional surrender to the Western Allies to be carried out on 2 May
  • 1945-04-29 US Army liberates 31,601 people from the Dachau Nazi concentration camp in Germany
  • 1945-04-30 Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
  • 1945-05-01 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • 1945-05-01 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
  • 1945-05-02 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany
  • 1945-05-02 More than 1,000,000 German soldiers officially surrender to the Western Allies in Italy and Austria
  • 1945-05-03 1st Polish Armoured Division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West occupies Wilhelmshafen in Germany

  • 1945-05-03 Allies arrest German physicist Werner Heisenberg
  • 1945-05-03 World War II: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-04 German forces in Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands surrender unconditionally to British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery at Luneburg Heath

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1945-05-04 German forces in Bavaria surrender unconditionally to American commander Jacob L. Devers

BattleBattle of Interest

1945-05-05 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1945-05-06 General Johannes Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-07 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

Nazi Leader and WWII General Alfred Jodl
Nazi Leader and WWII General
Alfred Jodl

Victory in BattleNazi Germany Surrenders

1945-05-08 German General Wilhelm Keitel formally surrenders to the Allies represented by the United States, the UK, France and the Soviet Union in Berlin

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German commander Wilhelm Keitel signs the final unconditional surrender of Germany in the ruins of Berlin
German commander Wilhelm Keitel signs the final unconditional surrender of Germany in the ruins of Berlin
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  • 1945-05-08 V-E Day: World War II ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • 1945-05-23 The Allies arrest the members of the Nazi Flensburg government, including Admiral Karl Donitz, formally dissolving Nazi Germany
  • 1945-05-23 German island of Helgoland in the North Sea surrenders to British
  • 1945-06-04 US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany
  • 1945-06-05 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • 1945-06-17 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)
  • 1945-09-20 German rocket engineers begin work in US

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

1945-11-20 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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  • 1946-04-03 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • 1946-04-21 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1946-08-23 Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1946-10-28 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR
  • 1946-11-01 West German state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) created

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1946-12-10 German/Swiss novelist Hermann Hesse wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1948-06-20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • 1948-07-28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1501 - 1,600 of 3,447

  • 1873-05-03 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general, born in Wiesbaden, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1873-05-21 Hans Berger, German neuroscientist, psychiatrist, and inventor of electroencephalography (EEG), born in in Neuses, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1873-06-03 Otto Loewi, German physician (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 1936), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1873-06-06 Paul Keller, German writer (Ferien vom Ich), born in Arnsdorf, Lower Silesia, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1873-06-29 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1873-10-09 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1873-11-09 Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1873-12-18 Adolf Vogl, German composer, born in Munich (d. 1961)
  • 1874-01-01 Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
  • 1874-02-16 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)
  • 1874-03-20 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)
  • 1874-04-15 Johannes Stark, German physicist (Stark effect, Nobel 1919), born in Schickenhof, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1874-04-18 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), born in Bischofswerda, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1874-06-29 Georg Göhler, German composer (Rückert), born in Zwickau, Germany (d. 1954)
  • 1874-07-05 Gerhard von Keussler, German composer, born in Gulbene, Latvia (d. 1949)

Person of interestEugen Fischer

1874-07-05 Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1967)

Nazi Physician Eugen Fischer
Nazi Physician
Eugen Fischer
  • 1874-07-07 Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • 1874-07-28 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), born in Silesia, Prussia (d. 1945)
  • 1874-07-29 August Stramm, German poet and playwright, born in Cathedrals (d. 1915)
  • 1874-08-22 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1874-08-27 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931), born in Cologne, German Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1874-09-01 Ismar Elbogen, German/US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)
  • 1874-09-11 Heinrich Kaspar Schmid, German composer, born in Landau, Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1874-10-14 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1966)
  • 1874-11-13 Henry Kolker, German-American actor and director (Holiday, Baby Face, Mad Love), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1874-12-11 Paul Wegener, German actor and director (The Golem, The Student of Prague), born in Arnoldsdorf, West Prussia, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1874-12-13 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1954)
  • 1874-12-27 Max Ettinger, Jewish-German composer (Jiddische Requiem), born in Lwow, Poland (d. 1951)
  • 1875-01-07 Gustav Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1945)
  • 1875-01-16 Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • 1875-01-21 John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
  • 1875-01-21 Paul E Kahle, German professor of oriental studies
  • 1875-02-02 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • 1875-02-04 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • 1875-02-18 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • 1875-03-02 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian

Person of interestThomas Mann

1875-06-06 Thomas Mann, German novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1955)

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • 1875-07-03 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1875-09-03 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1875-12-02 Frank Reicher, German-American actor (King Kong, Son of Kong), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1875-12-03 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman and theologian, born in Ohlau, Prussian Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1943)

Person of interestGerd von Rundstedt

1875-12-12 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), born in Aschersleben, German Empire (d. 1953)

German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • 1876-01-03 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)

Person of interestKonrad Adenauer

1876-01-05 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1967)

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1876-01-09 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • 1876-02-06 Wilhelm August Schmidtbonn, German writer (Der Sprechende Eros), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1876-02-08 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • 1876-02-13 Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1876-03-26 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1876-03-29 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • 1876-04-23 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (The Third Reich), born in Solingen, Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1876-04-24 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (1928–43), born in Wandsbek, Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1876-07-02 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, born in Suhl, German Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1876-07-20 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)

Person of interestMata Hari

1876-08-07 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1917)

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • 1876-09-05 Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal, born in Landsberg am Lech, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1876-09-15 Bruno Walter, German symphony conductor (NY Philharmonic), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1962)
  • 1876-10-10 Walter Niemann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1953)
  • 1876-10-11 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • 1876-10-22 Karl Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother), born in Freudenberg, Bavaria (d. 1966)
  • 1876-10-23 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1876-12-06 Fred Duesenberg, German-American automobile pioneer, born in Lippe, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1876-12-07 Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv), born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1877-01-22 Hjalmar Schacht, president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics
  • 1877-01-31 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1877-02-07 Julius Curtius, German minister of Foreign affairs (1929-..)
  • 1877-02-19 Else Berg, German born Dutch painter (Bergense School), born in Ratibor, German Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1877-02-19 Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
  • 1877-03-04 Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • 1877-03-12 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • 1877-04-02 Arnold Schering, German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1877-05-03 Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1877-06-04 Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927), born in Pforzheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1957)

Person of interestHermann Hesse

1877-07-02 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1877-07-13 Karl Erb, German tenor
  • 1877-08-10 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/SPD-minister of Finance
  • 1877-09-13 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer who led the German Antarctic expedition of 1911–12, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1877-10-08 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1878-01-16 Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
  • 1878-01-28 Walter Kollo, German composer of operettas, Singspiele, and popular songs (Der Juxbaron), born in Neidenburg, Kingdom of Prussia. (d. 1940)
  • 1878-04-01 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • 1878-04-06 Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • 1878-04-12 Richard B Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1878-04-21 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist, born in Sankt Ingbert, Germany (d. 1915)

Person of interestGustav Stresemann

1878-05-10 Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (1923) who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1929)

German Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
German Chancellor
Gustav Stresemann
  • 1878-07-25 Heinrich Gebhard, German-born American composer, born in Sobernheim, Rhineland-Palatinate (d. 1963)
  • 1878-08-10 Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)
  • 1878-09-02 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr
  • 1878-09-16 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes), born in Ühlingen-Birkendorf, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1878-10-19 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram), born in Langenfelde near Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • 1878-10-29 Alex von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II), born in Gut Blumenthal, Province of Silesia, German Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1878-11-13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1878-11-21 Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer and jurist, born in Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia (d. 1949)
  • 1878-11-25 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), born in Magdeburg (d. 1945)
  • 1878-12-15 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • 1879-02-06 Carl Ramsauer, German physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1879)
  • 1879-02-11 Jean Gilbert [Max Winterfeld], German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1879-03-08 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • 1879-03-08 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)

Person of interestAlbert Einstein

1879-03-14 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity), born in Ulm, German Empire (d. 1955)

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1501 - 1,600 of 2,534

  • 1944-07-20 Rudolf Schmundt, German general /Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds in attempt to assassinate Hitler at 48
  • 1944-07-20 Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1944-07-23 Helmuth J von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1944-08-03 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • 1944-08-08 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot), hanged at 62
  • 1944-08-10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, German aristocrat, attempted to assassinate Hitler, executed by Nazi regime at 39
  • 1944-08-18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • 1944-08-19 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, commits suicide, dies at 62
  • 1944-08-26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, dies at 35
  • 1944-08-27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • 1944-08-28 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, dies at 58
  • 1944-09-02 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • 1944-09-16 Gustav Bauer, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1919-1920), dies at 74
  • 1944-09-17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • 1944-10-02 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • 1944-10-12 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42

Person of interestErwin Rommel

1944-10-14 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), commits suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1944-10-21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • 1944-11-07 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, hanged in Tokyo at 49
  • 1944-11-08 Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
  • 1944-11-30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79
  • 1944-12-19 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • 1945-01-22 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • 1945-01-22 Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • 1945-01-23 Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • 1945-01-30 Gottlieb Haberlandt, Austrian botanist, dies at 90
  • 1945-02-02 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • 1945-02-03 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case) and politician, dies at 51
  • 1945-03-07 Adolf Bartels, German journalist and poet, dies at 82
  • 1945-03-16 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • 1945-03-19 Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • 1945-03-21 Arthur Nebe, German SS officer, dies at 50
  • 1945-03-29 Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79

Person of interestHans Fischer

1945-03-31 Hans Fischer, German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), commits suicide at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1945-03-31 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • 1945-04-05 Karl Otto Koch, German SS officer who was commandant at Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen and Majdanek concentration camps, is executed by the SS for corruption at 47
  • 1945-04-09 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • 1945-04-09 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th plot", hanged at 57
  • 1945-04-09 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • 1945-04-09 Georg Elser, German failed assassin of Hitler, dies at Dachau concentration camp at 42
  • 1945-04-13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher & educator (Essay on Man), dies at 70
  • 1945-04-17 Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • 1945-04-22 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
  • 1945-04-29 Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

1945-04-30 Adolf Hitler, German politician, Leader of the Nazi Party, German Dictator (1933-45), commits suicide by shooting himself at 56

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945-04-30 Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Hitler, commits suicide by cyanide tablet at 33

Person of interestJoseph Goebbels

1945-05-01 Joseph Goebbels, German Nazi Minister of Propaganda, commits suicide aged 47 with his wife (43) and arranges the death of their 6 children, Heidrun (4), Hedwig (6), Holdine (8), Helmut (9), Hildegard (11), and Helga (12)

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels

Person of interestMartin Bormann

1945-05-02 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), most likely commits suicide age 44 [remains identified in 1972]

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • 1945-05-02 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • 1945-05-10 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator, committed suicide at 56
  • 1945-05-19 Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (b. 1889)

Person of interestHeinrich Himmler

1945-05-23 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader (head of the SS), commits suicide while in Allied custody at 44

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1945-06-04 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • 1945-06-08 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, dies at 41
  • 1945-06-20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • 1945-07-12 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), dies at 49
  • 1945-08-26 Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet (Mirror Man, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh), dies at 54
  • 1945-09-24 Hans Geiger, German physicist (co-inventor of the Geiger counter), dies at 62
  • 1945-10-24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
  • 1945-10-29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • 1945-11-08 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, dies at 95
  • 1946-01-17 Gottfried Rudinger, German composer, dies at 59
  • 1946-02-01 Hans Bethge, German poet, dies at 70
  • 1946-03-13 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67
  • 1946-03-13 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, dies at 76

Person of interestGerhart Hauptmann

1946-06-06 Gerhart Hauptmann, German author (Before Dawn - Nobel Prize in Literature, 1912), dies at 83

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1946-06-21 Heinrich Kaminski, German composer, dies at 59
  • 1946-07-25 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), dies at 74
  • 1946-08-05 Wilhelm Marx, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1923-25, 1926-28), dies at 83
  • 1946-09-03 Paul Lincke, German composer and theater conductor considered the "father" of the Berlin operetta (Frau Luna, Lysistrata), dies at 79
  • 1946-09-07 Paul Zech, German writer, dies at 65
  • 1946-09-25 Heinrich George [Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz], German actor (Hitlerjunge Quex), dies at 52

BattleAlfred Jodl

1946-10-16 Alfred Jodl, German general during World War II (head of the German High Command, signed unconditional Nazi surrender), hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg trials at 56

Nazi Leader and WWII General Alfred Jodl
Nazi Leader and WWII General
Alfred Jodl
  • 1946-10-16 Alfred Rosenberg, German war criminal, hanged
  • 1946-10-16 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor, hanged at 51

BattleJoachim von Ribbentrop

1946-10-16 Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister and war criminal, hanged at 53

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1946-10-16 Wilhelm Frick, German war criminal, hanged

BattleWilhelm Keitel

1946-10-16 Wilhelm Keitel, Nazi Military Leader (head of the German High Command), is hanged at Nuremberg at 64

German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • 1946-11-22 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), dies at 57
  • 1947-01-09 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53
  • 1947-01-12 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77
  • 1947-01-13 Veit Valentin, German/American historian (German People), dies at 61
  • 1947-02-05 Hans Fallada, German writer (Little Man, What Now?), dies at 53
  • 1947-02-25 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist, dies at 82
  • 1947-04-06 Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (Reich Minister for Food and Agriculture), dies at 50
  • 1947-06-24 Emil Seidel, German-American politician (36th Mayor of Milwaukee), dies at 82
  • 1947-07-15 Henry Kolker, German-American actor and director (Holiday, Baby Face, Mad Love), dies at 72
  • 1947-09-06 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer, dies at 76
  • 1947-10-04 Max Planck, German physicist, father of Quantum Physics (Planck Constant, Nobel 1918), dies at 89
  • 1947-11-11 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (That Drawer Jahwes), dies at 64
  • 1947-11-17 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", dies at 83
  • 1947-11-20 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, dies at 26
  • 1947-11-30 Ernst Lubitsch, German actor, producer and film director (To Be or Not to Be, Love Parade, Anna Boleyn, Ninotchka), dies from a heart attack at 55
  • 1947-12-14 Franz Zorell, German lexicographer, dies at 84
  • 1947-12-31 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German General (SW Africa), dies at 79
  • 1948-01-01 Hermann Zilcher, German pianist and composer (Dr Eisenbart, Die Liebesmesse), dies at 66
  • 1948-02-05 Johann Blaskowitz, German general (surrendered at Wageningen), dies at 64
  • 1948-02-09 Karl Valentin, Bavarian comedian and film producer, dies at 65
  • 1948-03-26 Helen Ernst, German poster artist/resistance fighter, dies at about 43
  • 1948-05-26 Theodore Morell, German doctor, Hitler's personal physician, dies at 61