German History (Part 16)

Historical Events

Events 1501 - 1,600 of 2,176

  • 1944-10-12 German army retreats from Athens
  • 1944-10-13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during World War II
  • 1944-10-21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • 1944-11-03 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • 1944-11-03 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • 1944-11-04 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • 1944-11-05 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die
  • 1944-11-08 Last German troops at Walcheren Island, Netherlands surrender
  • 1944-11-10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • 1944-11-12 RAF sinks German battleship Tirpitz at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • 1944-11-25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1944-12-02 German troops seize dikles in Betuwse, Netherland
  • 1944-12-04 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • 1944-12-05 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • 1944-12-10 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • 1944-12-14 Beginning of Liese-Aktion: Germany tries to recruit Dutch men for the Germany labor force
  • 1944-12-14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • 1944-12-16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • 1944-12-16 Nazi Germany launches a counteroffensive against the Allies in the Ardennes region of Belgium, beginning the 'Battle of the Bulge'
  • 1944-12-22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium

Victory in Battle

1944-12-26 Battle of Bastogne: US General George S. Patton's 3rd Army repulses German forces

  • 1944-12-31 World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany.
  • 1945-01-01 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • 1945-01-04 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1945-01-07 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes

  • 1945-01-12 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • 1945-01-17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears German resistance
  • 1945-01-18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland to push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1945-01-20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • 1945-02-09 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen

Bombing of Dresden

1945-02-13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die

  • 1945-02-13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Nazi Germany in which 159,000 die
  • 1945-02-16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • 1945-02-21 Operation Veritable: British Army captures Goch from Germany, forcing German retreat away from the Rhineland
  • 1945-02-24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • 1945-02-25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1945-03-04 Finland declares war on Nazi Germany
  • 1945-03-07 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine

Historic Event

1945-03-10 Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West

  • 1945-03-10 Germany blows up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • 1945-03-16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers

Historic Event

1945-03-19 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

  • 1945-03-21 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • 1945-03-24 Operation Varsity: In the largest one-day airborne operation of all time, British, US & Canadian paratroopers land east of the Rhine in Northern Germany

Historic Event

1945-03-27 General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

  • 1945-03-28 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • 1945-03-30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans
  • 1945-04-04 The Holocaust: US forces liberate the Ohrdruf concentration camp in Germany, the first such camp to be liberated by the US Army
  • 1945-04-07 Sonderkommando Elbe, special Luftwaffe units designed to destroy Allied planes by ramming them mid-air, are sent on their first and only mission of World War II
  • 1945-04-10 German troops attack Ijsselbrug
  • 1945-04-14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945-04-16 Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops
  • 1945-04-16 German troops in Groningen surrender
  • 1945-04-16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945-04-17 German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands
  • 1945-04-18 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propaganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • 1945-04-20 German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
  • 1945-04-20 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1945-04-21 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • 1945-04-25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
  • 1945-04-25 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
  • 1945-04-25 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany

Raising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945-04-25 Soviet forces complete their encirclement of Berlin, cutting off all access points west of the German capital

  • 1945-04-26 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • 1945-04-29 German armies in Italy sign an unconditional surrender to the Western Allies to be carried out on 2 May
  • 1945-04-29 US Army liberates 31,601 people from the Dachau Nazi concentration camp in Germany
  • 1945-04-30 Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
  • 1945-05-01 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • 1945-05-01 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
  • 1945-05-02 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany
  • 1945-05-02 More than 1,000,000 German soldiers officially surrender to the Western Allies in Italy and Austria
  • 1945-05-03 1st Polish Armoured Division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West occupies Wilhelmshafen in Germany
  • 1945-05-03 World War II: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • 1945-05-04 German forces in Bavaria surrender unconditionally to American commander Jacob L. Devers

Historic Event

1945-05-04 German forces in Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands surrender unconditionally to British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery at Luneburg Heath

Battle of Interest

1945-05-05 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases

  • 1945-05-06 General Johannes Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands

Historic Event

1945-05-07 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

Nazi Germany Surrenders

1945-05-08 German General Wilhelm Keitel formally surrenders to the Allies represented by the United States, the UK, France and the Soviet Union in Berlin

  • 1945-05-08 V-E Day: World War II ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • 1945-05-23 German island of Helgoland in the North Sea surrenders to British
  • 1945-05-23 The Allies arrest the members of the Nazi Flensburg government, including Admiral Karl Dönitz, formally dissolving Nazi Germany
  • 1945-06-04 US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany
  • 1945-06-05 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • 1945-06-17 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)
  • 1945-09-20 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • 1946-04-03 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • 1946-04-21 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1946-08-23 Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1946-10-28 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR
  • 1946-11-01 West German state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) created

Nobel Prize

1946-12-10 German/Swiss novelist Hermann Hesse wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"

  • 1948-06-20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • 1948-07-28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • 1948-08-12 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • 1948-09-24 Mildred Gillars (Axis Sally), an American broadcaster employed by the Third Reich in Nazi Germany to proliferate propaganda during World War II, pleads not guilty to eight chargs of treason in Washington, D.C.
  • 1949-05-08 West German constitution approved

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1501 - 1,600 of 3,440

  • 1873-05-21 Hans Berger, German neuroscientist, psychiatrist, and inventor of electroencephalography (EEG), born in Neuses, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1873-06-03 Otto Loewi, German physician (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 1936), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1873-06-06 Paul Keller, German writer (Ferien vom Ich), born in Arnsdorf, Lower Silesia, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1873-06-29 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1873-10-09 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1873-11-09 Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1873-12-18 Adolf Vogl, German composer, born in Munich (d. 1961)
  • 1874-01-01 Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
  • 1874-02-16 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German operatic soprano (Vienna State Opera, 1920-26), and pedagogue, born in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1935)
  • 1874-03-20 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)
  • 1874-04-15 Johannes Stark, German physicist (Stark Effect; Nobel Prize in Physics -1919), and Nazi sympathizer, born in Schickenhof, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1874-04-18 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), born in Bischofswerda, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1874-06-29 Georg Göhler, German composer (Rückert), born in Zwickau, Germany (d. 1954)

Eugen FischerEugen Fischer (1874-1967)

1874-07-05 Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany

  • 1874-07-05 Gerhard von Keussler, German composer, born in Gulbene, Latvia (d. 1949)
  • 1874-07-07 Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • 1874-07-28 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), born in Silesia, Prussia (d. 1945)
  • 1874-07-29 August Stramm, German poet and playwright, born in Cathedrals (d. 1915)
  • 1874-08-22 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1874-08-27 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931), born in Cologne, German Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1874-09-01 Ismar Elbogen, German/US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)
  • 1874-09-11 Heinrich Kaspar Schmid, German composer, born in Landau, Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1874-10-14 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1966)
  • 1874-11-13 Henry Kolker, German-American actor and director (Holiday, Baby Face, Mad Love), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1874-12-11 Paul Wegener, German actor and director (The Golem, The Student of Prague), born in Arnoldsdorf, West Prussia, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1874-12-13 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1954)
  • 1874-12-27 Max Ettinger, Jewish-German composer (Jiddische Requiem), born in Lwow, Poland (d. 1951)
  • 1875-01-07 Gustav Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1945)
  • 1875-01-16 Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • 1875-01-21 John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
  • 1875-01-21 Paul E Kahle, German professor of oriental studies
  • 1875-02-02 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • 1875-02-04 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • 1875-02-18 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • 1875-03-02 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian

Thomas MannThomas Mann (1875-1955)

1875-06-06 German novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), born in Lübeck, Germany

  • 1875-07-03 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1875-09-03 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1875-12-02 Frank Reicher, German-American actor (King Kong, Son of Kong), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1875-12-03 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman and theologian, born in Ohlau, Prussian Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1943)

Gerd von RundstedtGerd von Rundstedt (1875-1953)

1875-12-12 German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), born in Aschersleben, German Empire

  • 1876-01-03 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)

Konrad AdenauerKonrad Adenauer (1876-1967)

1876-01-05 Chancellor of West Germany (CDU: 1949-63), born in Cologne, Germany

  • 1876-01-09 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • 1876-02-06 Wilhelm August Schmidtbonn, German writer (Der Sprechende Eros), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1876-02-08 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • 1876-02-13 Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1876-03-26 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1876-03-29 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • 1876-04-23 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (The Third Reich), born in Solingen, Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1876-04-24 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (1928–43), born in Wandsbek, Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1876-07-02 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, born in Suhl, German Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1876-07-20 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)

Mata HariMata Hari (1876-1917)

1876-08-07 Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands

  • 1876-09-05 Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal, born in Landsberg am Lech, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1876-09-15 Bruno Walter, German-French opera and symphony conductor (Vienna Philharmonic; NY Philharmonic), born in Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1876-10-10 Walter Niemann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1953)
  • 1876-10-11 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • 1876-10-22 Karl Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother), born in Freudenberg, Bavaria (d. 1966)
  • 1876-10-23 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1876-12-06 Fred Duesenberg, German-American automobile pioneer, born in Lippe, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1876-12-07 Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv), born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1877-01-22 Hjalmar Schacht, president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics
  • 1877-01-31 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1877-02-07 Julius Curtius, German minister of Foreign affairs (1929-..)
  • 1877-02-19 Else Berg, German born Dutch painter (Bergense School), born in Ratibor, German Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1877-02-19 Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
  • 1877-03-04 Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • 1877-03-12 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • 1877-04-02 Arnold Schering, German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1877-05-03 Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1877-06-04 Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927), born in Pforzheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1957)

Hermann HesseHermann Hesse (1877-1962)

1877-07-02 German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel Prize for Literature 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany

  • 1877-07-13 Karl Erb, German opera and oratorio tenor, born in Ravensburg, Kingdom of Württemberg (now Germany) (d. 1958)
  • 1877-08-10 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/SPD-minister of Finance
  • 1877-09-13 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer who led the German Antarctic expedition of 1911–12, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1877-10-08 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1878-01-16 Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
  • 1878-01-28 Walter Kollo, German composer of operettas, Singspiele, and popular songs (Der Juxbaron), born in Neidenburg, Kingdom of Prussia. (d. 1940)
  • 1878-04-01 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • 1878-04-06 Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • 1878-04-12 Richard B Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1878-04-21 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist, born in Sankt Ingbert, Germany (d. 1915)

Gustav StresemannGustav Stresemann (1878-1929)

1878-05-10 German chancellor (1923) who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926, born in Berlin, Germany

  • 1878-07-25 Heinrich Gebhard, German-born American composer, born in Sobernheim, Rhineland-Palatinate (d. 1963)
  • 1878-08-10 Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)
  • 1878-09-02 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr
  • 1878-09-16 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes), born in Ühlingen-Birkendorf, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1878-10-19 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram), born in Langenfelde near Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • 1878-10-29 Alex von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II), born in Gut Blumenthal, Province of Silesia, German Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1878-11-13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1878-11-21 Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer and jurist, born in Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia (d. 1949)
  • 1878-11-25 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), born in Magdeburg (d. 1945)
  • 1878-12-15 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • 1879-02-06 Carl Ramsauer, German physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1879)
  • 1879-02-11 Jean Gilbert [Max Winterfeld], German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1879-03-08 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • 1879-03-08 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein (1879-1955)

1879-03-14 German-born theoretical physicist famous for his theory of relativity and E = mc2 (1921 Nobel Prize for Physics), born in Ulm, German Empire

  • 1879-03-19 Joseph Haas, German late romantic opera composer (Tobias Wunderlich, Totenmesse), born in Maihingen, Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1960)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1501 - 1,600 of 2,526

  • 1944-08-18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies

Günther von KlugeGünther von Kluge (1882-1944)

1944-08-19 German field marshal during World War II (Invasion of Poland, Battle of France, Operation Barbarossa), commits suicide at 61

  • 1944-08-26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, dies at 35
  • 1944-08-27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • 1944-08-28 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, dies at 58
  • 1944-09-02 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • 1944-09-16 Gustav Bauer, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1919-1920), dies at 74
  • 1944-09-17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • 1944-10-02 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • 1944-10-12 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42

Erwin RommelErwin Rommel (1891-1944)

1944-10-14 German World War II Field Marshal (North African campaign, Battle of Normandy) known as the Desert Fox, commits suicide at by taking a cyanide pill at 52 after being implicated in a plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler

  • 1944-10-21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • 1944-11-07 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, hanged in Tokyo at 49
  • 1944-11-08 Walter Nowotny, Austrian-born fighter pilot ace (258 aerial victories for Luftwaffe), dies in a plane crash at 23
  • 1944-11-30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79
  • 1944-12-19 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • 1945-01-22 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • 1945-01-22 Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • 1945-01-23 Helmuth J. Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • 1945-01-30 Gottlieb Haberlandt, Austrian botanist, dies at 90
  • 1945-02-02 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • 1945-02-03 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case) and politician, dies at 51
  • 1945-03-07 Adolf Bartels, German journalist and poet, dies at 82
  • 1945-03-16 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • 1945-03-19 Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • 1945-03-21 Arthur Nebe, German SS officer, dies at 50
  • 1945-03-29 Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79

Hans FischerHans Fischer (1881-1945)

1945-03-31 German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), commits suicide at 63

  • 1945-03-31 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • 1945-04-05 Karl Otto Koch, German SS officer who was commandant at Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen and Majdanek concentration camps, is executed by the SS for corruption at 47
  • 1945-04-09 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • 1945-04-09 Georg Elser, German failed assassin of Hitler, dies at Dachau concentration camp at 42
  • 1945-04-09 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th plot", hanged at 57
  • 1945-04-09 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • 1945-04-13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher & educator (Essay on Man), dies at 70
  • 1945-04-17 Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • 1945-04-22 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
  • 1945-04-29 Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler (1889-1945)

1945-04-30 Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), commits suicide by shooting himself at 56

  • 1945-04-30 Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Hitler, commits suicide by cyanide tablet at 33

Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels (1897-1945)

1945-05-01 German Nazi Minister of Propaganda, commits suicide aged 47 with his wife (43) and arranges the death of their 6 children, Heidrun (4), Hedwig (6), Holdine (8), Helmut (9), Hildegard (11), and Helga (12)

  • 1945-05-02 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34

Martin BormannMartin Bormann (1900-1945)

1945-05-02 German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), most likely commits suicide on this date at 44 [remains identified in 1972]

  • 1945-05-10 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator, committed suicide at 56
  • 1945-05-19 Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (b. 1889)

Heinrich HimmlerHeinrich Himmler (1900-1945)

1945-05-23 German Nazi leader (head of the SS), commits suicide while in Allied custody at 44

  • 1945-06-04 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • 1945-06-08 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, dies at 41
  • 1945-06-20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • 1945-07-12 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), dies at 49
  • 1945-08-26 Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet (Mirror Man, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh), dies at 54
  • 1945-09-24 Hans Geiger, German physicist (co-inventor of the Geiger counter), dies at 62
  • 1945-10-24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
  • 1945-10-29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • 1945-11-08 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, dies at 95
  • 1946-01-17 Gottfried Rudinger, German composer, dies at 59
  • 1946-02-01 Hans Bethge, German poet, dies at 70
  • 1946-03-13 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, dies at 76
  • 1946-03-13 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67

Gerhart HauptmannGerhart Hauptmann (1862-1946)

1946-06-06 German author (Before Dawn - Nobel Prize in Literature, 1912), dies at 83

  • 1946-06-21 Heinrich Kaminski, German composer, dies at 59
  • 1946-07-25 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), dies at 74
  • 1946-08-05 Wilhelm Marx, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1923-25, 1926-28), dies at 83
  • 1946-09-03 Paul Lincke, German composer and theater conductor considered the "father" of the Berlin operetta (Frau Luna, Lysistrata), dies at 79
  • 1946-09-07 Paul Zech, German writer, dies at 65
  • 1946-09-25 Heinrich George [Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz], German actor (Hitlerjunge Quex), dies at 52

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl (1890-1946)

1946-10-16 German general during World War II (head of the German High Command, signed unconditional Nazi surrender), hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg trials at 56

  • 1946-10-16 Alfred Rosenberg, German war criminal, hanged
  • 1946-10-16 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor, hanged at 51

Joachim von RibbentropJoachim von Ribbentrop (1893-1946)

1946-10-16 Nazi foreign minister and war criminal, hanged at 53

  • 1946-10-16 Wilhelm Frick, German war criminal, hanged

Wilhelm KeitelWilhelm Keitel (1882-1946)

1946-10-16 Nazi military leader (head of the German High Command), is hanged at Nuremberg at 64

  • 1946-11-22 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), dies at 57
  • 1947-01-09 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53
  • 1947-01-12 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77
  • 1947-01-13 Veit Valentin, German/American historian (German People), dies at 61
  • 1947-02-05 Hans Fallada, German writer (Little Man, What Now?), dies at 53
  • 1947-02-25 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist, dies at 82
  • 1947-04-06 Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (Reich Minister for Food and Agriculture), dies at 50
  • 1947-06-24 Emil Seidel, German-American politician (36th Mayor of Milwaukee), dies at 82
  • 1947-07-15 Henry Kolker, German-American actor and director (Holiday, Baby Face, Mad Love), dies at 72
  • 1947-09-06 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer, dies at 76
  • 1947-10-04 Max Planck, German physicist, father of Quantum Physics (Planck Constant, Nobel 1918), dies at 89
  • 1947-11-11 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (That Drawer Jahwes), dies at 64
  • 1947-11-17 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", dies at 83
  • 1947-11-20 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, dies at 26
  • 1947-11-30 Ernst Lubitsch, German actor, producer and film director (To Be or Not to Be, Love Parade, Anna Boleyn, Ninotchka), dies from a heart attack at 55
  • 1947-12-14 Franz Zorell, German lexicographer, dies at 84
  • 1947-12-31 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German General (SW Africa), dies at 79
  • 1948-01-01 Hermann Zilcher, German pianist and composer (Dr Eisenbart, Die Liebesmesse), dies at 66
  • 1948-02-05 Johann Blaskowitz, German general (surrendered at Wageningen), dies at 64
  • 1948-02-09 Karl Valentin, Bavarian comedian and film producer, dies at 65
  • 1948-03-26 Helen Ernst, German poster artist/resistance fighter, dies at about 43
  • 1948-05-26 Theodore Morell, German doctor, Hitler's personal physician, dies at 61
  • 1948-06-02 Karl Brandt, German physician of Adolf Hitler, hanged for war crimes at 44
  • 1948-06-02 Viktor Brack, German Nazi physician and war criminal, dies at 43
  • 1948-06-02 Waldemar Hoven, German physician (b. 1903)
  • 1948-07-11 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semite theologist, dies
  • 1948-09-13 Paul Wegener, German actor and director (The Golem, The Student of Prague), dies at 73
  • 1948-10-12 Alfred Kerr, German-British writer, dies at 80