German History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 2,176

  • 1492-05-15 Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kill 232 residents of Alkmaar, Netherlands
  • 1492-10-24 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany
  • 1493-12-23 Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.
  • 1500-02-17 Battle of Hemmingstedt - German peasant army repels ducal army of Schleswig and Holstein
  • 1507-04-25 German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller is the first to use the name America on his world map "Universalis Cosmographia"
  • 1508-02-06 Maximilian I proclaimed Holy Roman Emperor, 1st Emperor in centuries not to be crowned by the Pope

Victory in Battle

1513-08-16 Battle of the Spurs at Guinegate (now Eguinegatte): Henry VIII of England and Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I beat France

German Beer Purity Law

1516-04-23 Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria endorses "The German Beer Purity Law" (Reinheitsgebot) and adds to it standards for the sale of beer in Bavaria, ensuring beer is only brewed from three ingredients – water, malt and hops

Royal Coronation

1520-10-23 King Carlos I crowned German emperor Charles V

Historic Event

1521-01-28 Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany which lasts until May 25th; Produced the "Edict of Worms" which denounced Martin Luther

  • 1521-11-19 Battle at Milan: Emperor Charles V's pontifical, Spanish and German troops beat French forces and occupy Milan

The Protestant Reformation

1522-03-09 Martin Luther begins preaching his "Invocavit Sermons" in the German city of Wittenberg, reminding citizens to trust God's word rather than violence and thus helping bring to a close the revolutionary stage of the Reformation

  • 1522-05-25 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 1524-07-15 Emperor Charles I bans German national synode
  • 1524-07-19 Peasants' War begins in Germany's Black Forest
  • 1525-02-20 Swiss & German mercenaries desert Francois I's army
  • 1525-02-24 Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V's troops beat the French. French King Francois I captured, 15,000 killed or wounded
  • 1525-05-15 The battle of Frankenhausen: German peasant army surrounded, 5,000 slaughtered ; ends the peasants' uprising
  • 1525-07-19 Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
  • 1526-05-02 German evangelical monarchy joins Schmalkaldic League
  • 1527-04-30 Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France sign the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in attempt to win War of the League of Cognac
  • 1527-05-06 Spanish and German Imperial troops sack Rome, ending the Renaissance
  • 1527-05-30 University of Marburg (Germany) founded
  • 1528-10-20 Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders
  • 1530-04-08 Holy Roman Emperor convenes Imperial Diet in German city of Augsburg to address Protestant tensions
  • 1530-06-20 German Parliament joins to Augsburg together
  • 1530-06-25 The Augsburg Confession where Germany's Protestant princes force Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to hear their Confession of Faith
  • 1531-02-27 Evangelical German towns form Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1531-06-09 Pope Clemens VII and Francois I sign secret treaty against the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
  • 1534-01-24 Francois I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy
  • 1534-05-12 German Duchy of Wurttemberg becomes Lutheran under Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg
  • 1538-06-10 Catholic German monarchy signs League of Neuremberg
  • 1539-04-19 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1543-02-11 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and English King Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant
  • 1543-09-12 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars
  • 1545-03-24 German Parliament opens in Worms
  • 1547-05-16 Protestant German monarch surrenders to Karel in Wittenberg
  • 1547-09-01 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V demands creation of an Imperial League (German state)
  • 1552-01-15 France signs secret treaty with German Protestants

Historic Event

1556-01-16 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V abdicates his role as King of Spain and appoints his son Philip II of Spain

  • 1558-05-03 Ferdinand I officially appointed Holy Roman Emperor after his brother Charles abdicated in 1556

Treaty of Interest

1562-06-01 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign treaty

Historic Event

1564-07-25 Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor

Historic Event

1571-05-16 German astronomer Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations, is conceived at 4:37 AM

  • 1576-10-12 Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1577-07-24 Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur
  • 1593-03-25 Recantation of Loos, Dutch scholar Coinelius Loos recants his earlier written protest against witchcraft persecution in Trier, Germany before officials in Brussels
  • 1596-10-24 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1597-08-11 Germany throws out English sales people
  • 1603-06-19 Merga Bien arrested for witchcraft in Fulda, Germany, part of Fulda witch trials. She and about 250 people later burned at the stake.
  • 1609-07-10 Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League

Historic Discovery

1610-01-08 Simon Marius. a German astronomer, independently discovers the first three moons of Jupiter one day after Galileo

  • 1612-12-15 German Astronomer Simon Marius is 1st to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope
  • 1614-09-01 Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
  • 1618-05-15 German astronomer Johannes Kepler discovers the third of his three planetary laws his "harmonics law"

Election of Interest

1619-08-28 Ferdinand II elected Holy Roman Emperor (rules till 1637)

Appointment of Interest

1625-04-07 Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German supreme commander

  • 1626-12-20 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Prince of Transylvania Gabor Bethlen sign Peace of Pressburg (Bratislava)
  • 1630-07-03 Emperor Ferdinand II opens German Parliament
  • 1631-01-23 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
  • 1631-05-20 Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years' War
  • 1633-04-23 Sweden & Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
  • 1634-08-26 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Spanish forces defeat a force of Swedish and German protestants
  • 1634-09-05 -6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • 1634-09-06 Battle at Nordlingen ends in Swedish/protestant German defeat
  • 1634-10-11 Burchardi flood - "the second Grote Mandrenke" kills about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany
  • 1637-02-15 Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1645-03-05 Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
  • 1656-12-01 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden

Treaty of Interest

1671-11-01 French King Louis XIV & RC German emperor Leopold I sign secret anti-Dutch treaty

Historic Event

1675-11-11 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function

  • 1679-02-05 German emperor Leopold I signs peace with France
  • 1683-07-24 1st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard Concord
  • 1683-09-15 Germantown in Pennsylvania is founded by 13 immigrant families
  • 1683-10-06 13 Mennonite families from Germany found Germantown, Philadelphia
  • 1684-08-15 Spain & Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1686-07-09 Germany, Sweden and Spain sign anti-French League of Augsburg
  • 1687-08-12 Battle of Mohacs: Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed by forces of Holy Roman Emperor under Charles of Lorraine
  • 1688-02-18 Quakers consider drafting formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 1688-04-18 "Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery": Francis Daniel Pastorius presents 1st formal written protest against African-American slavery in English colonies in Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 1688-09-24 France declares war on Germany
  • 1690-01-06 Joseph I, later Holy Roman Emperor and son of Emperor Leopold I, becomes King of the Romans
  • 1690-01-14 The musical instrument, the clarinet is invented in Nürnberg, Germany
  • 1697-10-30 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year's War
  • 1699-03-04 Jews are expelled from Lübeck, Germany
  • 1701-09-07 Germany, England & Netherlands sign anti-French covenant

Victory in Battle

1704-08-13 Battle of Blenheim (Second Battle of Höchstädt): A combined British, German and Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beats the French and Bavarians

  • 1709-09-03 1st major group of Swiss German colonists reaches North and South Carolina

Historic Event

1711-04-17 Charles VI becomes Holy Roman Emperor after the death of his brother Joseph I

  • 1714-03-06 Treaty of Rastatt signed by Austria and France ending hostilities between them during the War of the Spanish Succession
  • 1714-09-07 Treaty of Baden signed by the Holy Roman Empire and France, ending the War of the Spanish Succession; French retain Alsace and Landau, Austria gets east bank of Rhine
  • 1716-04-15 Great Northern War: Prussian troops occupy Swedish controlled German port of Wismar
  • 1717-01-14 German mob leader and thief "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • 1733-09-26 France, Spain & Sardinia sign anti-German covenant
  • 1735-03-13 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
  • 1742-01-24 German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 3,440

  • 1525-09-11 Johan Georg, Elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), born in Cölln, Germany (d. 1598)
  • 1527-03-21 Hermann Finck, German composer, born in Pirna (d. 1558)
  • 1527-05-08 Johann Walter, German composer, born in Kahla (d. 1570)

Maximilian II

1527-07-31 Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1564-76), born in Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1576)

  • 1527-09-21 Matthäus Ludecus, German composer, born in Wilsnach, Prignitz (d. 1606)
  • 1528-11-02 Peter Lotichius Secundus [Peter Lotz], Neo latin poet (Collected Works), born in Schlüchtern, Hesse, Germany (d. 1560)
  • 1529-04-03 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Joachimsthal, Bohemia (d. 1581)
  • 1531-09-14 Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German mathematician and cartographer, born in Ingolstadt, Germany (d. 1589)
  • 1532-12-26 Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (d. 1576)
  • 1534-07-18 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism), born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1583)
  • 1534-11-05 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog) and physician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1598)
  • 1534-12-15 Lucas Osiander, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1604)
  • 1539-03-25 Christopher Clavius, German mathematician (d. 1612)
  • 1539-12-20 Paulus Melissus, humanist Neo-Latin writer, translator, and composer, born in Mellrichstadt, Germany (d. 1602)
  • 1540-01-28 Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)
  • 1540-07-11 Adolf van Nassau, German son of William I and Juliana of Stolberg, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1568)
  • 1543-03-07 Johan Casimir, German prince (occupied Gent), born in Simmern, Germany (d. 1592)
  • 1546-02-14 Johann Pistorius, German theologist & historian, born in Nidda, Germany (d. 1608)
  • 1546-07-05 Johann Steuerlein, German composer, born in Schmalkalden, Germany (d. 1613)
  • 1547-03-01 Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)
  • 1547-05-20 Melchior Bischoff, German composer, born in Pößneck, Germany (d. 1614)
  • 1547-09-22 Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (d. 1590)
  • 1550-09-30 Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
  • 1552-07-18 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1612)
  • 1555-12-04 Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet, born in Barntrup, Germany (d. 1625)
  • 1555-12-27 Johann Arndt, German Lutheran theologian and author of books on devotional Christianity, born in Edderitz, Anhalt-Köthen, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1621)
  • 1556-08-10 Philipp Nicolai, German Lutheran pastor, poet, composer and hymnodist, born in Mengeringhausen, Hesse, Germany (d. 1607)
  • 1557-02-24 Matthias, Holy Roman emperor (1612-19), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1557-09-04 Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1631)
  • 1560-06-25 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), born in Hilden, Germany (d. 1634)
  • 1561-08-24 Bartholomeus Pitiscus, German mathematician (Trigonometry), born in Zielona Góra, Poland (d. 1613)
  • 1562-08-27 Hans Leo Hassler, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1612)
  • 1564-03-09 David Fabricius, German astronomer (discovered variable star), born in Esens, Germany (d. 1617)
  • 1569-04-10 Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1629)
  • 1569-11-11 Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and alchemist, born in Lauingen, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1611)
  • 1569-11-16 Paul Sartorius, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1609)
  • 1569-12-18 Jakob Hassler, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1622)
  • 1571-09-28 Michael Praetorius [Schultze], German organist and composer (Syntagma; In Dulce Jublio), born in Creuzberg, Saxony (d. 1621) [birthdate approximate]

Johannes Kepler

1571-12-27 Johannes Kepler, German astronomer (discovered laws of planetary motion), born in Weil der Stadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1630)

  • 1572-02-14 Hans Christoph Haiden, German composer, organist and poet
  • 1573-01-10 Simon Marius, German astronomer, born in Gunzenhausen, Germany (d. 1624)
  • 1573-02-28 Elias Hill, German architect, city builder (Augsburg)
  • 1573-04-17 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1651)
  • 1573-12-22 Ernst Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1632)
  • 1574-01-09 Christoph Buel, German composer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1631)
  • 1574-12-15 Samuel Besler, German-Polish composer, born in Brzeg (d. 1625)
  • 1575-07-25 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, born in Markt Wald, Germany (d. 1650)
  • 1576-05-27 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar and controversialist, born in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany (d. 1649)
  • 1577-10-01 Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint, born in Sigmaringen, Germany (d. 1622)
  • 1578-03-18 Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, baptized

Ferdinand II

1578-07-09 Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia & Hungary and German Emperor (1619-37), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1637)

  • 1579-07-25 Valerius Otto, German composer, born in Leipzig (d. after 1612)
  • 1579-12-12 Heinrich Steuccius, German composer, born in Weissenfels, Germany (d. 1645)
  • 1581-02-04 Daniel Selich, German court composer, born in Wittenberg (d. 1626)
  • 1581-07-02 Johann Staden, German baroque composer, probably born in Nuremberg (d. 1634) baptismal date
  • 1582-04-01 Thomas Simpson, English composer who worked in Germany, born in Kent (d. 1628)
  • 1582-06-26 Johannes Schultz, German composer, born in Lüneburg, Germany (d. 1653)
  • 1582-10-17 Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)
  • 1583-08-27 Simon Besler, German composer, born in Brieg (d. 1633)

Albrecht von Wallenstein

1583-09-24 Albrecht von Wallenstein, Bohemian-German general and statesman (Thirty Years' War), born in Heřmanice, Kingdom of Bohemia in the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1634)

  • 1585-10-09 Heinrich Schütz, German organist and composer, baptized in Köstritz, Germany (d. 1672)
  • 1586-01-20 Johann Hermann Schein, German composer (Fontana d'Israel), born in Grünhain, Saxony (d. 1630)
  • 1586-06-28 Paul Siefert, German composer and organist, born in Danzig (d. 1666)
  • 1586-08-17 Johann V Andreae, German vicar and writer (Christenburg)
  • 1587-11-03 Samuel Scheidt, German baroque composer, born in Halle (d. 1654)
  • 1587-11-16 Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet and dramatist (Jephtha), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1679)
  • 1588-02-26 Nicolaus Erich, German composer (d. 1631)
  • 1590-10-05 Johann Schop, German composer and violinist, born in Niedersachsen, Germany (d. 1667) (dates disputed)
  • 1591-09-23 Michael Lohr, German composer, born in Marienberg, Saxony (now Germany) (d. 1654)
  • 1592-05-01 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1666)
  • 1592-06-13 Tobias Michael, German composer, born in Dresden (d. 1657)
  • 1592-07-19 Erhard Buttner, German composer, born in Römhild (d. 1625)
  • 1593-05-20 Salomo Glassius, German theologian (d. 1656)
  • 1593-09-20 Gottfried Scheidt, German composer and organist, born in Halle, Germany (d. 1661)
  • 1594-04-20 Matthäus Appelt, German composer, born in Neustadt, Silesia (d. 1648)
  • 1594-04-24 Benedikt Lechler, German composer, born in Füssen, Germany (d. 1659)
  • 1595-05-27 Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer (d. 1666)
  • 1597-12-23 Martin Opitz, German poet "Father of Modern German Poetry", born in Bunzlau, Silesia (d. 1639)
  • 1598-04-05 Laurentius Erhard, German composer, born in Haguenau, Alsace (d. 1669)
  • 1598-09-23 Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1655)
  • 1599-03-23 Thomas Selle, German baroque composer, born in Zörbig, Saxony (now Germany) (d. 1663)
  • 1599-09-20 Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader during the Thirty Years' War, born in Gröningen, Germany (d. 1626)
  • 1600-08-11 Paul Hallmann, German composer, born in Friedland, Silesia (now Frýdlant, Czech Republic) (d. 1650)
  • 1601-05-02 Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit priest and inventor (magic lantern), born in Abbacy of Fulda, Germany (d. 1680)
  • 1602-01-06 Carl von Rabenhaupt, Bohemian Hussite nobleman, born in Bohemia (d. 1675)
  • 1602-11-30 Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician, born in Magdeburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1686)
  • 1604-01-04 Jacob Balde, German jesuit/barok conductor (Jephthe)
  • 1604-07-08 Heinrich Albert, German composer (Arien oder Melodien)
  • 1604-12-07 Ambrosius Reiner, German composer, born in Altdorf, Weingarten, Württemberg (d. 1672)
  • 1605-07-29 Simon Dach, Prussian-German poet, born in Memel, East Prussia (d. 1659)
  • 1605-09-23 Daniel von Czepko, German poet
  • 1607-03-08 Johann von Rist, German composer and poet known for his hymns, born in Ottensen, Holstein (d. 1667)
  • 1607-03-12 Paul Gerhardt, German Luthern hymnist, born in Gräfenhainichen, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1676)
  • 1607-11-01 Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, German poet and translator, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1658)
  • 1607-11-06 Sigmund Theophil Staden, German composer, born in Kulmbach, Germany (d. 1655)
  • 1608-02-05 Gaspar Schott, German mathematician (d. 1666)
  • 1608-07-13 Ferdinand III, King of Hungary & Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor (1637-57), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1657)
  • 1609-03-16 Michael Franck, German composer, poet and baker, born in Schleusingen (d. 1667) [1]
  • 1609-07-27 Heinrich Pape, German composer and organist, born in Ratzeburg (d. 1663)
  • 1609-10-05 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 2,528

  • 1508-08-16 Henry van Stolberg & Wernigerode, German viceroy of Friesland, dies at 41
  • 1510-12-31 Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 38
  • 1514-11-28 Hartmann Skull, German physician/historian (Skull's Liederbuch), dies
  • 1516-12-13 Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer, dies at 54
  • 1517-01-01 Hermann Vischer, the Younger, German bronze merchant, dies at 31
  • 1519-01-12 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1459)
  • 1519-09-21 Hans Backofen/Backoffen, German sculptor, dies at about 49
  • 1519-11-30 Michael Wolgemut, German painter (Weltchronik), dies at about 85
  • 1523-05-07 Franz von Sickingen, German knight/protect of poor, dies of wounds at 42
  • 1523-08-29 Ulrich von Hutten, German scholar and poet, dies at 35
  • 1525-05-27 Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader
  • 1525-12-30 Jacob Fugger, German banker/merchant, dies at 66
  • 1526-03-30 Konrad Mutian, German humanist, dies at 54
  • 1527-11-08 Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
  • 1528-04-06 Albrecht Dürer, German Renaissance painter and printmaker (Adam and Eve), dies at 56
  • 1529-01-07 Peter Vischer, the Old, German count of Sebaldus, dies
  • 1529-04-19 John Cuspinianus [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55
  • 1531-02-16 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1531-07-08 Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor, dies at 71
  • 1531-11-24 Johannes Oecolampadius, German religious reformer (b. 1482)
  • 1535-02-18 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, German royal astrologer, physician and theologian, dies at 48
  • 1536-01-22 Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)
  • 1536-02-25 Berthold Haller, German-born reformer (b. 1492)
  • 1537-09-04 Johann Dietenberger, German theologian (b. c. 1475)
  • 1538-02-12 Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter, dies at about 57
  • 1539-05-01 Isabella of Portugal, Queen consort of Spain, Queen of the Romans, and Lady of the Netherlands (1526-39), and Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Italy (1530-39), dies at 35
  • 1540-03-30 Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1469)
  • 1540-10-04 Helius Eobanus Hessus, German humanist/poet (Silvae), dies
  • 1541-08-01 Simon Grynaeus, German theologian (b. 1493)
  • 1543-02-10 Johann Eck, German Scholastic theologian and early counter-reformer against Lutheran challenges, dies a 56
  • 1545-01-16 George Spalatin, German humanist, reformer and important figure in the Reformation, dies at 60
  • 1545-09-24 Albrecht von Brandenburg, German archbishop and monarch of Mainz, dies at 55

Martin Luther

1546-02-18 Martin Luther, German theologian and key figure in the Protestant Reformation, dies at 62

  • 1547-01-16 Johannes Schöner, German polymath, astronomer and cartographer (Schöner globes), dies at 70
  • 1547-07-20 Beatus Rhenanus [Beatus Birt], German humanist, classical scholar and friend of Erasmus, dies bequeathing his significant library to city of Sélestat, at 80
  • 1548-08-06 Georg Rhau/Rhaw, German cantor/composer/music publisher, dies
  • 1548-11-16 Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer, dies at 44
  • 1549-01-28 Elia Levita, German-Yiddish writer (Habachur), dies at about 80
  • 1550-06-13 Johann Spangenberg, German theologist and composer, dies at 66
  • 1550-09-08 Hans [Johann] Vischer, German count of Johann Cicero, dies
  • 1552-01-11 Johannes Cochlaeus [Dobeneck], German humanist/theologist, dies
  • 1552-02-26 Heinrich Faber, German singer, music theorist, and composer, dies at about 52
  • 1552-04-21 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, dies at 57
  • 1552-08-15 Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (b. 1477)
  • 1553-02-19 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician (calculated planetary table), dies at 41
  • 1553-10-16 Lucas Cranach Sr, German painter, dies at 81
  • 1553-10-30 Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)
  • 1554-02-21 Hieronymus Bock, German doctor (founder of modern botany), dies
  • 1554-03-03 Johann Friedrich, the Generous, Elector of Saxony (1532-47) and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), dies at 50
  • 1554-06-19 Sixt[us] Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Judith), dies at 53
  • 1555-10-09 Justus Jonas, German Protestant theologian and reformer, dies at 62
  • 1555-11-21 Georg Agricola [Bauer], German mineralogist (zinc), dies at 61
  • 1556-06-10 Martin Agricola [M Sore], German composer/cantor, dies
  • 1556-10-31 John Sleidanus, German humanist/historian (Commentary), dies at 50
  • 1558-04-20 Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer, dies at 72

Charles V

1558-09-21 Charles V, King of Spain (1516-56) and Holy Roman Emperor (1519-56), dies of malaria at 58

  • 1559-03-30 Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)
  • 1559-11-28 Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer, dies at about 58
  • 1560-11-07 Peter Lotichius Secundus [Peter Lotz], Neo latin poet (Opera omnia), dies at 32
  • 1561-03-25 Conrad Lycosthenes, French-born German philosopher and encyclopedist (b. 1518)
  • 1563-02-02 Hans Neusiedler, Hungarian/German luitist/author, dies at approx 54
  • 1564-10-18 Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
  • 1565-05-14 Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reformation theologist, dies at 81
  • 1566-05-10 Leonhard Fuchs, German physician and botanist (Notable Commentaries on the History of Plants) for which the flowering plants and color Fuchsia is named after, dies at 65
  • 1566-09-22 John Agricola [Schneider], German theologian, a friend of Martin Luther, dies at 72
  • 1567-04-18 Wilhelm von Grumbach, German adventurer, dies at 63
  • 1567-04-19 Michael Stifel, German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79
  • 1568-05-23 Adolf van Nassau, German son of William I and Juliana of Stolberg, dies in battle at 27
  • 1571-07-17 Georg Fabricius, German poet, historian and archaeologist, dies at 55
  • 1574-04-14 Christoffel Palts, German general strategist, dies in battle
  • 1574-04-17 Joachim Camerarius [Liebhard Kammerer], German classical scholar, dies at 74
  • 1574-11-28 Georg Major, German Protestant theologian, dies at 72
  • 1576-01-19 Hans Sachs, German composer, dies at 81
  • 1576-02-10 Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (b. 1532)
  • 1580-08-01 Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (b. 1524)
  • 1581-10-23 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, dies at 52
  • 1583-03-06 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism), dies at 48
  • 1586-01-25 Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter, dies at 70
  • 1586-04-08 Martin Chemnitz, German Lutheran reformer and theologian, dies at 63
  • 1588-06-10 Valentin Weigel, German mystic, dies
  • 1589-11-14 Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German mathematician and geographer, dies at 58
  • 1590-01-07 Jacob Andreae, German theologist (Formulae Concordiae), dies at 61
  • 1595-05-25 Valens Acidalius, German critic and poet (b. 1567)
  • 1596-09-15 Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)
  • 1597-01-29 Elias Ammerbach, German organist dies at about 67
  • 1597-06-02 Diederik Sonoy, German/Neth governor of Northern quarter, dies at 67
  • 1597-12-18 Barbara Blomberg, German mistress of Emperor Charles V, mother of John of Austria, dies at 67
  • 1598-10-11 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog) and physician, dies at 63
  • 1602-02-03 Paul Melissus [Paul Schede], German poet/composer, dies at 62
  • 1602-09-25 Caspar Peucer, German reformer (b. 1525)
  • 1604-09-17 Lucas Osiander, German composer, dies at 69
  • 1606-11-12 Matthäus Ludecus, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1607-10-26 Philipp Nicolai, German Lutheran pastor, poet, composer and hymnodist, dies at 52
  • 1610-12-11 Adam Elsheimer, German painter, cartoonist and etcher, buried at 32
  • 1610-12-31 Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (b. 1540)
  • 1612-01-20 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), dies at 59
  • 1612-06-08 Hans Leo Hassler, German composer, dies at 49
  • 1613-05-05 Johann Steuerlein, German composer, dies at 66
  • 1614-12-19 Melchior Bischoff, German composer, dies at 67
  • 1615-03-04 Hans von Aachen, German painter, dies