German History (Part 6)

Historical Events

Events 501 - 600 of 1,906

  • 1916-02-16 The German ambassador in Washington announces that Germany will pay an indemnity for American lives lost on the Lusitania
  • 1916-02-18 The last German garrison in the German colony of Cameroons surrenders
  • 1916-02-22 The House-Grey Memorandum, drafted by US and Britain, states: 'Should the Allies accept [the American idea of a conference to end the war] and should Germany refuse it, the United States would "probably" enter the war against Germany'
  • 1916-02-25 German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun
  • 1916-02-26 Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
  • 1916-03-01 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • 1916-03-09 Germany declares war against Portugal
  • 1916-03-14 Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
  • 1916-03-15 Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • 1916-03-24 German submarines torpedo the unarmed French cross-channel packet 'Sussex'
  • 1916-04-02 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • 1916-04-06 German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare

/flags/germanySS Libau Sets Sail

1916-04-09 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
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  • 1916-04-12 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • 1916-04-18 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
  • 1916-04-20 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • 1916-04-21 Ulster Protestant and Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement lands at Tralee Bay, Ireland from a German submarine; discovered at McKenna's Fort and arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • 1916-04-30 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world
  • 1916-05-04 At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare
  • 1916-05-06 Belgian troops march into Kigali, German East Africa
  • 1916-05-08 German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes killing 679 German soldiers
  • 1916-05-18 US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft
  • 1916-05-24 US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker

BattleBattle of Jutland

1916-05-31 Battle of Jutland: Largest naval battle of World War I between the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet which killed 8,645 in an inconclusive battle but strategic British victory. German fleet never puts to sea again in WWI.
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  • 1916-06-01 German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
  • 1916-06-02 German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • 1916-06-07 Germany troop march into Fort Faux, Verdun
  • 1916-07-09 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany
  • 1916-07-11 Germany launches final offensive in the Battle of Verdun
  • 1916-07-30 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey
  • 1916-08-28 Germany declares war on Romania
  • 1916-08-28 Italy declares war against Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-08-29 General Paul von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1916-09-03 Allies turned back Germans in Battle of Verdun
  • 1916-09-11 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-09-17 The Red Baron [Manfred von Richthofen], WWI flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1916-09-19 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
  • 1916-10-07 The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-11-05 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-11-15 Canadian pilot William George Barker flying over Ancre River, spots concentration of German troops massing for counter-attack on Beaumont Hamel, sends emergency Zone Call to break up German infantry apart. Barker later receives Military Cross

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker
  • 1916-11-26 Greece declares war on Germany
  • 1916-11-28 1st German air attack on London
  • 1916-12-06 German army under Gen Mackensen occupies Bucharest
  • 1916-12-15 French defeat Germans in WW I Battle of Verdun
  • 1917-01-16 "Zimmermann Telegram" is sent from Germany to Mexico, stating in the event of the US entering World War I on the allied side, Mexico would be given Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Intercepted by British intelligence and partially deciphered by the next day. It's release in March shifts US public opinion in favor of war against Germany.
  • 1917-01-31 Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
  • 1917-02-01 German Großadmiral Alfred von Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-02-03 US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917-02-22 German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
  • 1917-02-24 German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)
  • 1917-02-28 AP reports Mexico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I

  • 1917-03-03 German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann publicly admits the "Zimmermann Telegram" is genuine. Generates support for the US declaration of war on Germany in April.
  • 1917-03-12 A German submarine sinks an unarmed US merchant ship, the 'Algonquin' on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson gives executive order to arm US merchant ships

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-03-25 Canadian ace Billy Bishop claims his first victory, shooting down and mortally wounding German Leutnant Theiller

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1917-04-02 US President Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany
  • 1917-04-06 US declares war on Germany, enters World War I
  • 1917-05-10 Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks
  • 1917-06-07 The British detonate mines beneath the German-held Messines Ridge, in the Ypres area
  • 1917-06-13 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children with 432 injuries
  • 1917-06-14 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • 1917-06-19 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-07-17 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1917-07-22 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • 1917-08-06 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins
  • 1917-08-14 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1917-09-03 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • 1917-09-03 German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • 1917-09-06 French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft


1917-10-15 Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany during WWI at Vincennes near Paris

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • 1917-10-17 1st British bombing of Germany
  • 1917-10-24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • 1917-11-20 First successful tank use in battle (Britain breaks through German lines) at Battle of Cambrai WWI
  • 1917-11-26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1917-12-05 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • 1917-12-11 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • 1917-12-14 UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • 1918-01-16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • 1918-01-22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • 1918-02-15 US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
  • 1918-02-16 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
  • 1918-02-18 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • 1918-02-22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • 1918-02-23 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
  • 1918-03-03 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • 1918-03-07 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany
  • 1918-03-19 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • 1918-03-21 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • 1918-03-23 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • 1918-03-23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • 1918-04-14 Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
  • 1918-04-21 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill
  • 1918-04-23 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
  • 1918-05-27 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • 1918-06-01 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden
  • 1918-06-04 French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
  • 1918-06-26 The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • 1918-07-19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • 1918-08-08 6 US soldiers surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York given command, shoots 20 Germans and captures 132 more
  • 1918-08-12 WWI: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • 1918-08-13 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 501 - 600 of 2,874

  • 1784-02-29 Franz KL von Klenze, German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg)
  • 1784-04-05 Louis Spohr, German violin virtuoso and composer (Faust), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1784-07-22 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)

Person of interestJacob Grimm

1785-01-04 Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1863)

Author Jacob Grimm
Jacob Grimm
  • 1785-02-21 Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German officer/author (Die Sterner)
  • 1785-04-01 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
  • 1785-04-04 Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1785-10-31 George F Kersting, German painter, born in Güstrow, Germany (d. 1847)
  • 1786-01-03 [Johann Christian] Friedrich Schneider, German composer and conductor (d. 1853)

Person of interestWilhelm Grimm

1786-02-24 Wilhelm Karl Grimm, German story teller (Grimm's Fairy Tales), born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1859)

  • 1786-05-06 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • 1786-09-18 Justinus AC Kerner, German family doctor/poet/writer
  • 1786-11-18 Carl Maria von Weber, German romantic composer (Der Freischutz), [or 19]
  • 1787-03-06 Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (studied Sun's spectrum)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1787-03-16 Georg Simon Ohm, Erlangen, Brandenburg-Bayreuth, German physicist (discovered Ohm's Law)
  • 1787-04-26 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1787-09-18 Johann David Passavant, German historian, painter and graphic artist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1861)
  • 1787-10-30 Karl Guhr, German composer (d. 1848)
  • 1788-01-05 Kaspar Ett, German organist/composer
  • 1788-02-22 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1788-03-10 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (Das Marmorbild)
  • 1788-04-05 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1788-05-10 Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • 1788-05-16 Friedrich Rückert, German Poet, Translator and Orientalist (d. 1866)
  • 1788-08-02 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1853)
  • 1788-08-26 Aloys Schmitt, German music theory/composer/royal pianist
  • 1788-09-06 Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), born in Berlin (d. 1862)
  • 1789-01-03 Carl G Carus, German physician/psychologist/philosopher
  • 1789-01-17 August Neander, German theologian (d. 1850)
  • 1789-02-09 Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography (d. 1849)
  • 1789-10-28 Johann Schneider, German composer and organist (d. 1864)
  • 1790-03-14 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver, born in Hanau, Germany (d. 1863)
  • 1790-03-15 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
  • 1790-11-17 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • 1791-04-23 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1791-09-05 Giacomo Meyerbeer, German opera composer (Golt Und Die Natur), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1864)
  • 1791-09-23 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 1791-09-23 Karl T Korner, German poet (Zriny, Leyer und Schwerdt)
  • 1792-02-28 Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist
  • 1792-06-19 Gustav Schwab, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1850)
  • 1792-10-12 Christian Gmelin, German chemist, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1793-03-04 Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
  • 1793-04-15 Friedrich Struve, German founded dynasty of astronomers
  • 1794-03-26 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, born in Leipzig, Saxony (d. 1872)
  • 1794-04-09 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1794-04-17 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer, born in Erlangen, Germany (d. 1868)
  • 1794-05-29 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (d. 1874)
  • 1794-07-03 Eberhard F Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt)
  • 1794-08-10 Leopold Zunz, German scientist (Synagogical Poetry)
  • 1794-08-17 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest (d. 1849)
  • 1794-10-24 Friedrich Balduin von Gagern, German-Dutch army commandant, born in Weilburg, Germany (d. 1848)
  • 1795-02-08 Friedlieb F Runge, German chemist (Chinoline)
  • 1795-03-28 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1795-04-19 Christian Gottfried Ehrenburg, German zoologist
  • 1795-05-15 Adolf B Marx, German music theorist
  • 1795-06-24 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (d. 1878)
  • 1795-09-04 Friedrich [August] von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age)
  • 1795-10-15 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) and Germany (1849-61), born in Berlin (d. 1861)
  • 1795-11-26 Carl P Fohr, German painter

Person of interestLeopold von Ranke

1795-12-21 Leopold von Ranke, German historian who founded the modern concept of source-based history, born in Wiehe, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1886)

  • 1796-02-17 Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
  • 1796-04-24 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1840)
  • 1796-05-09 August Pauly, German classicus (Real Encyclopedia)
  • 1796-10-14 Adolf Ganz, German composer and violinist (d. 1870)
  • 1796-12-29 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1877)
  • 1797-01-04 Wilhelm Beer, German amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)
  • 1797-01-10 Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (d. 1848)
  • 1797-02-22 William I, Berlin, King of Prussia (1861-88)/German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 1797-03-22 Kaiser Wilhelm I, German emperor (1871-88)
  • 1797-07-18 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
  • 1797-12-13 Heinrich Heine, German poet/lyricist (Schubert, Liszt)
  • 1798-01-24 Karl von Staudt, German math professor (projective geometrician)
  • 1798-06-21 Wolfgang Menzel, German writer (d. 1873)
  • 1798-09-11 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, born in Joachimsthal, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1799-03-28 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1854)
  • 1799-04-13 Heinrich F L Rellstab, German music theorist
  • 1799-08-20 Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician
  • 1800-03-03 Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (d. 1862)
  • 1800-05-30 Karl W Feuerbach, German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach)
  • 1800-07-09 Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (d. 1885)
  • 1801-04-19 Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist
  • 1801-06-16 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1801-07-14 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1801-11-03 Karl Baedeker, German published travel books
  • 1801-11-24 Ludwig Bechstein, German poet (d. 1860)
  • 1801-12-11 Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German dramatist, born in Detmold, Lippe (d. 1836)
  • 1802-04-01 Hubert Reis, German composer and violinist, born in Bonn (d. 1886)
  • 1802-08-13 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser)
  • 1802-09-13 Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and writer (d. 1880)
  • 1802-10-07 Bernhard Molique, German violinist and composer
  • 1802-11-14 August F Pott, German philologist (Etymology Forschungen)
  • 1802-11-29 Wilhelm Hauff, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1827)
  • 1803-10-06 Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, Prussian physicist and meteorologist, born in Legnica, Poland (d. 1879)
  • 1803-11-29 Gottfried Semper, German architect (d. 1879)
  • 1804-02-12 Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)
  • 1804-02-16 Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
  • 1804-02-19 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
  • 1804-06-10 Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)
  • 1804-07-28 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 501 - 600 of 1,986

  • 1822-06-25 Ernst T Amadeus Hoffmann, German writer/judge/composer, dies at 46

Person of interestWilliam Herschel

1822-08-25 William Herschel, German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), dies at 83

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • 1822-11-19 Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • 1823-01-17 Zacharius Werner, German playwright, dies at 36
  • 1824-02-09 Anna K Emmerick/Emmerich, German poet, dies at 49
  • 1825-04-21 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)
  • 1825-06-13 Johann Peter Melchior, German sculptor, dies at 82
  • 1826-03-01 Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect, dies at 59
  • 1826-04-13 Franz Danzi, German composer and cellist, dies at 62
  • 1826-06-07 Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)
  • 1826-09-22 Johann Peter Hebel, German writer (Allemannische Gedichte), dies at 66

Person of interestLudwig van Beethoven

1827-03-26 Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (Appassionata), dies at 56

  • 1827-04-02 Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)
  • 1827-04-03 Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)
  • 1827-06-26 Christian A Vulpius, German writer (Ornaldo Ornaldini), dies
  • 1827-06-27 Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)
  • 1827-11-18 Wilhelm Hauff, German writer, dies at 24
  • 1828-08-22 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), dies at 70
  • 1829-01-12 Friedrich von Schlegel, German cultural philosopher/poet, dies at 56
  • 1830-01-14 Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker, dies at 59
  • 1830-03-02 Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)
  • 1831-03-09 Friedrich M Klinger, German (stage)author (Plimplamplasko), dies at 79
  • 1831-04-19 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (b. 1765)
  • 1831-05-13 Christian G Korner, German lawyer, dies at 74
  • 1831-05-26 Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen), dies
  • 1831-12-10 Thomas Seebeck, Baltic German physicist (b. 1770)

Person of interestJohann Wolfgang von Goethe

1832-02-22 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German social philosopher (Faust), dies at 82

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1832-03-12 Daniel Friedrich Kuhlau, German/Danish opera composer, dies at 45
  • 1833-03-07 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German literary hostess, dies at 61
  • 1833-12-17 Kaspar Hauser, German son of grand duke Karel of Bathe, murdered at 21
  • 1834-02-12 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1835-11-16 Louis Angely, German comedic poet (Paris in Pommern), dies at 48
  • 1837-02-12 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, dies at 50
  • 1837-02-19 Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
  • 1838-01-13 Ferdinand Ries, German composer dies at 53
  • 1839-01-19 Georg Abraham Schneider, German horn player and composer, dies at 68
  • 1839-08-03 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (Florentin), dies at 74
  • 1839-09-21 Jacob Gottfried Weber, German composer, dies at 60
  • 1840-01-22 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1840-03-02 Heinrich Olbers, German astronomer (comets & asteroids), dies at 81
  • 1840-05-07 Caspar David Friedrich, German painter (b. 1774)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1840-07-04 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery dies at 53

  • 1840-08-25 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, dies at 44
  • 1841-02-11 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
  • 1841-05-23 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, dies at 76
  • 1841-08-13 Bernhard Romberg, German cellist/composer, dies
  • 1841-10-09 Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter (Altes Museum, Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • 1843-03-27 Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
  • 1843-06-06 Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)
  • 1843-07-02 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, dies at 88
  • 1843-08-10 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, dies at 69
  • 1845-02-13 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher, dies at 71
  • 1845-05-02 August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
  • 1845-05-12 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, dies at 77
  • 1846-03-17 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 1846-05-31 Philip Marheineke, German clergyman (b. 1780)
  • 1846-08-27 Gottfied Wilhelm Fink, German composer, dies at 63
  • 1847-01-11 Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld], German author, dies at 83
  • 1847-05-16 Kaspar Ett, German organist/composer, dies at 59
  • 1847-06-07 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, dies at 35
  • 1847-07-01 George F Kersting, German painter, dies at 61

Person of interestFelix Mendelssohn

1847-11-04 Felix Mendelssohn [Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy], German composer and pianist (Great Scherzos), dies at 38

Composer and Pianist Felix Mendelssohn
Composer and Pianist
Felix Mendelssohn
  • 1847-12-11 Moritz von Strachwitz, German poet, dies at 25
  • 1848-01-09 Caroline Herschel, German-born pioneering female astronomer (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigolle), dies at 97
  • 1848-03-03 Heinrich Olivier, German painter, dies

Person of interestLudwig Leichhardt

1848-04-04 Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer of northern and central Australia, dies on an expedition at 34

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1848-04-30 Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 1848-05-25 Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)
  • 1848-07-22 Karl Guhr, German composer, dies at 60
  • 1849-01-16 Wilhelm M L de Wette, German theologist, dies at 69
  • 1849-11-17 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)
  • 1850-01-27 J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85
  • 1850-03-27 Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 1850-07-14 August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1850-11-04 Gustav Schwab, German writer, dies at 58
  • 1851-01-27 Karl Moser, German composer, dies at 77
  • 1851-02-18 Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (b. 1804)
  • 1851-08-01 William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)
  • 1851-08-11 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (b. 1779)
  • 1852-10-11 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), dies at 29
  • 1852-10-22 Hans C E Freiherr von Gagern, German advisor to Dutch king, dies at 86
  • 1853-03-04 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (b. 1774)
  • 1853-03-05 Georg A Kestner, German art collector/diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1853-04-13 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)
  • 1853-04-28 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, dies at 79
  • 1853-11-23 [Johann Christian] Friedrich Schneider, German composer and conductor, dies at 67
  • 1854-03-06 Caspar GC Reinwardt, German/Dutch biologist, dies at 80
  • 1854-04-11 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • 1854-04-17 Gottlob Wiedebein, German composer, dies at 74
  • 1854-07-04 Karl F Eichhorn, German law historian, dies at 72
  • 1854-07-06 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65
  • 1854-11-26 Matthijs Siegenbeek, literature (Defeated German Spelling), dies

Person of interestCarl Friedrich Gauss

1855-02-23 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), dies at 77

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1856-02-17 Heinrich Heine, German poet, dies at 58 in Paris
  • 1856-06-11 Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist, dies at 76
  • 1856-07-29 Robert A Schumann, German pianist/composer (Humoresque), dies at 46
  • 1857-09-03 M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist/explorer, dies at 77
  • 1857-11-26 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (That Freier), dies at 69
  • 1857-12-03 Christian D Rauch, German sculptor, dies at 80