German History (Part 6)

Historical Events

Events 501 - 600 of 2,188

  • 1914-12-08 Battle of the Falkland Island: British Royal Navy destroys a German battle squadron
  • 1914-12-15 British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea
  • 1914-12-16 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • 1914-12-24 German plane drops bombs on Dover, England
  • 1914-12-25 Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI between British and German troops. Instead of fighting, soldiers exchange gifts and play football
  • 1914-12-26 US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, on the same day Germans announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; weakens America's protest

UKFirst Air Raid on Britain

1915-01-19 World War I: 4 people in Norfolk are killed in the 1st German Zeppelin air raid attack on the United Kingdom
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British wartime recruitment poster from 1915 referencing the air raids that started that year
British wartime recruitment poster from 1915 referencing the air raids that started that year
  • 1915-01-24 German-British sea battle at Dogger Bank & Helgoland
  • 1915-01-30 German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • 1915-01-31 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • 1915-02-03 Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
  • 1915-02-07 Second Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915-02-10 US President Woodrow Wilson warns Germany that the US will hold it 'to a strict accountability' for 'property endangered or lives lost'

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1915-02-10 US President Woodrow Wilson protests to Britain on the use of US flags on British merchant ships to deceive the Germans
  • 1915-02-13 The French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region
  • 1915-02-18 Germany begins a blockade of Britain

  • 1915-02-21 Russian 20th Army corps surrenders to the German 10th Army after being surrounded
  • 1915-02-22 Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
  • 1915-02-23 Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoe Norwegian ship Regin
  • 1915-02-26 Malancourt, Argonnen 1st (German) flame-thrower
  • 1915-02-28 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • 1915-03-11 The British declare a blockade of all German ports
  • 1915-03-14 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal
  • 1915-03-25 German U boat torpedoes Netherlands merchant ship Medea
  • 1915-04-04 Germany protests vigorously to the US, claiming it must insist that Britain lifts its blockade and assert American neutrality
  • 1915-04-14 Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
  • 1915-04-18 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • 1915-04-22 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
  • 1915-04-24 German army fires chloroform gas in Ypres (Leper)
  • 1915-05-01 German submarine torpedoes US tanker Gulflight
  • 1915-05-04 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1915-05-05 German U-20 captures and sinks Britsih schooner Earl of Lathom
  • 1915-05-06 German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland
  • 1915-05-07 RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland; 1198 lives lost
  • 1915-05-09 German & French fight Battle of Artois
  • 1915-05-13 US Secretary of State Bryan sends a note to Germany demanding that Germany disavow the attacks on the Lusitania and make immediate reparations; however, the note is written only to 'pacify exited public opinion', according to Bryan

  • 1915-06-03 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1915-06-09 US President Woodrow Wilson sends 2nd Lusitania note to Germany protesting sinking of the Lusitania and refuting German claim British blockade illegal
  • 1915-06-10 British/French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon
  • 1915-06-20 German offensive in Argonne
  • 1915-06-26 Germany suppresses "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
  • 1915-07-02 Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room
  • 1915-07-03 After exploding a bomb in US Senate reception room previous day, Erich Muenter, a German instructor at Cornell University, shoots JP Morgan for representing the British government in war contract negotiations
  • 1915-07-08 The Germans reply to US President Woodrow Wilson's second Lusitania note by saying that Americans may sail on clearly marked neutral ships, but Germany does not deal with Wilson's other demands
  • 1915-07-09 Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
  • 1915-07-10 British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
  • 1915-07-11 German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
  • 1915-07-15 The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US
  • 1915-07-15 The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • 1915-07-21 Woodrow Wilson sends the third Lusitania note, warning Germany that future infringement of American rights will be deemed 'deliberately unfriendly'
  • 1915-08-05 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1915-08-14 British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
  • 1915-08-17 German troops over run Kovno, Lithuania
  • 1915-08-19 British liner "SS Arabic" sunk by German submarine without warning leaving Liverpool for New York; killing 44. Creates diplomatic incident
  • 1915-08-26 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1915-09-01 The German ambassador to the US pledges again that German submarines will no longer sink liners without warning and providing safety of passengers and crew following the sinking of the British liner "Arabic"
  • 1915-09-25 Battle of Loos commenced, lasted until 14th October. Chlorine gas deployed by the British was blown back into their own trenches: 59,000 British & 26,000 German casualties
  • 1915-10-08 Battle of Loos on WWI Western Front ends, German forces contain British attack (85,000 casualties)

BattleExecution

1915-10-12 Despite international protest, Edith Cavell an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners

  • 1915-12-01 The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington
  • 1915-12-12 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau, Germany
  • 1916-01-07 In response to pressure from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare
  • 1916-01-12 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircrafts
  • 1916-01-28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • 1916-01-29 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • 1916-02-11 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
  • 1916-02-16 The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships
  • 1916-02-16 The German ambassador in Washington announces that Germany will pay an indemnity for American lives lost on the Lusitania
  • 1916-02-18 The last German garrison in the German colony of Cameroons surrenders
  • 1916-02-22 The House-Grey Memorandum, drafted by US and Britain, states: 'Should the Allies accept [the American idea of a conference to end the war] and should Germany refuse it, the United States would "probably" enter the war against Germany'
  • 1916-02-25 Battle of Verdun: German troops conquer Fort Douaumont without firing a shot, the largest and highest fort defending the city of Verdun during World War I
  • 1916-02-26 Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
  • 1916-03-01 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • 1916-03-09 Germany declares war against Portugal
  • 1916-03-14 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Cumières-le-Mort-Homme and Chattancourt in France
  • 1916-03-15 Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • 1916-03-24 German submarines torpedo the unarmed French cross-channel packet 'Sussex'
  • 1916-04-02 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • 1916-04-06 German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare

GermanySS Libau Sets Sail

1916-04-09 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
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The Libau, disguised as the Aud, to avoid British detection
The Libau, disguised as the Aud, to avoid British detection
  • 1916-04-12 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • 1916-04-18 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
  • 1916-04-20 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • 1916-04-21 Ulster Protestant and Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement lands at Tralee Bay, Ireland from a German submarine; discovered at McKenna's Fort and arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • 1916-04-30 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world
  • 1916-05-04 At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare
  • 1916-05-06 Belgian troops march into Kigali, German East Africa
  • 1916-05-08 German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes killing 679 German soldiers
  • 1916-05-18 US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft
  • 1916-05-24 US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker

Battle of InterestBattle of Jutland

1916-05-31 Battle of Jutland: Largest naval battle of World War I between the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet which killed 8,645 in an inconclusive battle but strategic British victory. German fleet never puts to sea again in WWI.
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HMS Invincible on fire after being struck by shells from SMS Lützow and SMS Derfflinger
HMS Invincible on fire after being struck by shells from SMS Lützow and SMS Derfflinger
  • 1916-06-02 Battle of Verdun: German troops launch attack on Fort Vaux with flamethrowers, forcing French defenders inside. The fort changes hand 16 times during the entire Battle of Verdun.
  • 1916-06-02 German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • 1916-06-08 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Fort Vaux after several days of intense fighting
  • 1916-07-09 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany
  • 1916-07-11 Battle of Verdun: Germany launches an offensive on Fort Souville in France but are defeated by artillery and machine gunners
  • 1916-07-30 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey
  • 1916-08-28 Germany declares war on Romania
  • 1916-08-28 Italy declares war against Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-08-29 General Paul von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 501 - 600 of 3,455

  • 1731-09-02 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • 1731-12-06 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • 1731-12-28 Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master
  • 1732-06-21 Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, composer and 5th son of Johann Sebastian Bach, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1795)
  • 1732-08-08 Johann C Adelung, German linguist/librarian
  • 1732-09-06 Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1796)
  • 1733-03-15 Johann Zoffany, German painter, baptized
  • 1733-04-27 Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, especially among the tobacco plants, born in Sulz am Neckar, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1733-08-24 David Traugott Nicolai, German composer, born in Görlitz, Germany (d. 1799)
  • 1733-09-22 Anton Filtz [Fils], German composer, born in Eichstätt (d. 1760)
  • 1734-11-25 Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Wenkel, German composer, born in Niedergebra, Nordhausen, Germany (d. 1792)
  • 1735-03-09 August Bernhard Valentin Herbing, German organist and composer, born in Halberstadt, Germany (d. 1766)
  • 1735-04-02 Christian Gotthilf Tag, German composer, born in Beierfeld, Germany (d. 1811)
  • 1735-04-02 Franz Volrath Buttstett, German composer, born in Erfurt, Germany (d. 1814)
  • 1735-04-23 Ildephons Haas, German composer, born in Offenburg, Germany (d. 1791)
  • 1735-06-06 Anton Schweitzer, German composer, born in Coburg, Germany (d. 1787)
  • 1735-07-23 Johannes Herbst, German composer, born in Kempten, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1735-09-05 Johann Christian Bach (English Bach), German composer, 11th son of Johann Sebastian Bach, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1782)
  • 1735-10-01 Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi, German composer, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1800)
  • 1736-09-16 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, born in Tetenbüll, Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1807)
  • 1736-11-11 Johann Heinrich Schepp, German-Dutch engraver, born in Diez, Germany
  • 1737-09-05 Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, German composer, born in Celle, Germany (d. 1792)
  • 1737-11-25 Christian Friedrich Penzel, German musician and composer, born in Oelsnitz, Germany (d. 1801)
  • 1738-06-29 Constantin Reindl, German composer, born in Jettenhofen, Oberpfalz, Germany (d. 1799)
  • 1738-10-06 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, second child of Francis I Holy Roman Emperor, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1789)

Person of interestWilliam Herschel

1738-11-15 William Herschel, German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), born in Hanover, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1822)

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • 1740-03-19 Joseph F Weigl, German/Austrian(?), violin cellist
  • 1740-08-15 Matthias Claudius, German poet, born in Reinfeld, Duchy of Holstein (d. 1815)
  • 1740-09-12 Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (Heinrich Stillings Leben), born in Hilchenbach, Germany (d. 1817)
  • 1740-12-13 Franz Xaver Schnitzer, German composer, born in Bad Wurzach, Germany (d. 1785)
  • 1741-03-28 Johann Andre, German composer, born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1799)
  • 1741-04-17 Johann Gottlieb Naumann, German composer, born in Blasewitz, Dresden, Germany (d. 1801)
  • 1741-08-25 Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer, born in Bischofswerda, Germany (d. 1792)
  • 1741-08-31 Johann Paul Aegidius Martini, composer, born in Freystadt, Germany (d. 1816)
  • 1741-09-11 Johann Jakob Engel, German author (Herr Lorenz Stark), born in Parchim, Germany (d. 1802)
  • 1741-09-22 Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist (Siberia/Krim)
  • 1741-11-25 Johann Christian Frischmuth, German composer, born in Schwabhausen, Germany (d. 1790)
  • 1741-12-31 Isabella Maria of Parma, wife of future Holy Roman emperor, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1763)
  • 1742-01-26 Johann Friedrich Ludwig Sievers, German composer, born in Hanover (d. 1806)
  • 1742-04-24 Roman Hoffstetter, German classical composer, born in Weikersheim, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1742-07-01 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), born in Ober-Ramstadt, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1799)
  • 1742-10-12 Johann Peter Melchior, German sculptor, born in Lindorf, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1742-12-16 Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)
  • 1742-12-25 Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)
  • 1743-03-08 Bendix Friedrich Zinck, German composer, born in Husum, Holstein, Germany (d. 1801)
  • 1743-12-01 Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
  • 1744-02-23 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)
  • 1744-05-03 Friedrich Wilhelm Weis, German physician and composer, born in Göttingen, Germany (d. 1826)
  • 1744-07-19 Heinrich Christian Boie, German author and editor, born in Meldorf, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1744-08-25 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher, theologist and poet, born in Morąg, Poland (d. 1803)
  • 1744-11-26 Karl Siegmund von Seckendorff, German composer, born in Erlangen, Bavaria (d. 1785)
  • 1745-05-08 Carl Philipp Stamitz, German composer, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1801)
  • 1746-02-16 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • 1746-03-27 Augustin Ullinger, German composer, born in Ranoldsberg, Upper Bavaria (d. 1781)
  • 1746-07-02 Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, German-Danish composer, born in Husum, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1746-10-27 Georg Anton Kreusser, German composer, born in Triefenstein, Germany (d. 1810)
  • 1747-03-31 Johann Abraham Peter Schulz, German composer (Moon has Risen)

Person of interestLeopold II

1747-05-05 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1792)

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1747-10-08 Johann Wilhelm Stadler, German composer (d. 1819)
  • 1748-02-05 Christian Gottlob Neefe, German composer, conductor and tutor of Beethoven, born in Shimnitz, Saxony (d. 1798)
  • 1748-04-20 Georg Michael Telemann, German composer, born in Plön, Germany (d. 1831)
  • 1748-04-28 Lorenz Justinian Ott, German composer, born in Dietfurt, Germany (d. 1805)
  • 1748-08-03 Carl Ludwig Junker, German composer, born in Kirchberg an der Jagst, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1748-09-14 Johann Paul Schulthesius, German composer, born in Neustadt bei Coburg, Germany (d. 1816)
  • 1748-09-24 Philipp Meissner, German composer, born in Burgpreppach, Bavaria (d. 1816)
  • 1748-09-28 Johann Michael Demmler, German composer, born in Hiltenfingen, Swabia, Germany (d. 1785)
  • 1748-10-08 Franz Seydelmann, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1749-06-23 Konrad Back, German monastic composer, born in Haigerloch (d. 1810)

Person of interestJohann Wolfgang von Goethe

1749-08-28 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt am Main, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1832)

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1750-03-16 Caroline Herschel, German astronomer, (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigollet), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1848)
  • 1750-08-10 Daniel Gottlob Türk, German organist and composer, born in Claußnitz, Saxony (d. 1813)
  • 1750-11-07 Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet, lawyer and translator, born in Bad Bramstedt, Germany (d. 1819)
  • 1750-11-27 Anton Thadaus Johann Nepomuk Stamitz, German violinist and composer, baptised in Deutschbrod, Bohemia (now Havlíčkův Brod, Czech Republic), (d. between 1798–1809)
  • 1751-02-18 Karl Haack, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1819)
  • 1751-02-20 Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (d. 1826)
  • 1751-04-09 Emanuel Schikaneder, German playwright and composer, born in Straubing, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1751-08-21 Johann Georg Witthauer, German composer, born in Neustadt near Coburg (d. 1802)
  • 1752-02-17 Friedrich M Klinger, German playwright (Wirrwarr)
  • 1752-05-02 Ludwig August Lebrun, German composer, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1790)
  • 1752-05-11 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (d. 1840)
  • 1752-05-14 Albrecht Thaer, German agronomist (d. 1828)
  • 1752-11-25 Johann Friedrich Reichardt, German composer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1814)
  • 1753-04-28 Franz K Achard, German physicist and chemist, born in Berlin (d. 1821)
  • 1753-08-22 Christian Friedrich Ruppe, Dutch-German composer, born in Bad Salzungen, Germany (d. 1826)
  • 1753-09-11 Friedrich August Baumbach, German composer, born in Gotha, Germany (d. 1813)
  • 1753-10-14 Franz Anton Dimmler, German composer, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1827)
  • 1753-11-03 August Gottlieb Meißner, German Enlightenment author who helped develop the detective story genre in German literature, born in Bautzen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1807)
  • 1754-08-28 Peter Winter, German composer, born in Mannhein, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1754-11-26 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • 1755-04-10 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, born in Meissen, Dresden (d. 1843)
  • 1755-08-31 Johann Ignaz Walter, German opera singer and composer, born in Perutz, Bohemia (d. 1822)

Person of interestJohn Marshall

1755-09-24 John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1801-35), born in Germantown, Virginia (d. 1835)

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • 1756-02-22 Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (d. 1821)
  • 1756-03-18 Johann Christoph Vogel, German composer, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1756-06-20 Joseph Martin Kraus, German composer, born in born in Miltenberg am Main, Bavaria (d. 1792)
  • 1756-07-02 Christian Gottfried Körner, German lawyer, born in Leipzig (d. 1831)
  • 1756-11-30 Ernst Chladni, German physicist and musician (Estimating the speed of sound Chladni's law), born in Wittenberg, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1827)
  • 1757-01-19 Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
  • 1757-06-13 Christian Ludwig Dieter, German composer, born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1822)
  • 1757-07-12 Christian Danner, German violinist and composer, born in Schwetzingen, Germany (d. 1813)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 501 - 600 of 2,540

  • 1781-07-30 Augustin Ullinger, German composer, dies at 35
  • 1781-11-04 Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (Die Mädcheninsel), dies at 60
  • 1781-12-16 Georg Simon Löhlein, German pianist and composer, dies at 56
  • 1782-01-01 Johann Christian Bach (English Bach), German composer & 11th son of Johann Sebastian Bach, dies at 46
  • 1782-02-10 Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German Lutheran theologian, dies at 79
  • 1782-10-23 Joseph Riepel, Austrian-born German composer, dies at 73
  • 1783-07-27 Johann Philipp Kirnberger, German music theorist and violist, dies at 62
  • 1784-04-30 Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies
  • 1784-07-15 Johan B Straub, South German sculptor, dies
  • 1785-04-26 Karl Siegmund von Seckendorff, German composer, dies at 40
  • 1785-05-09 Franz Xaver Schnitzer, German composer, dies at 44
  • 1785-06-06 Johann Michael Demmler, German composer, dies at 36
  • 1786-01-04 Mozes Mendelssohn, German Jewish enlightenment philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
  • 1786-02-20 Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht, German composer, dies at 70
  • 1787-06-20 Carl Friedrich Abel, German/British viola player/composer, dies at 63
  • 1787-10-07 Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church, dies at 76
  • 1787-11-23 Anton Schweitzer, German composer, dies at 52
  • 1788-01-05 Johann Schneider, German composer and pupil of Bach, dies at 85
  • 1788-02-21 Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer, 1st saw Halley's comet on return, dies at 64
  • 1788-06-21 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), dies at 57
  • 1788-06-28 Johann Christoph Vogel, German composer, dies at 32
  • 1788-09-30 Matthäus Günther, German painter, dies at 83
  • 1788-12-14 Carl Phillip Emanuel Bach, German composer, dies at 74
  • 1789-06-14 Johann Wilhelm Hertel, German composer, dies at 61
  • 1790-01-02 Joseph Anton Feuchtmayer, German rococo sculptor, dies at 73
  • 1790-01-06 Johann Trier, German composer, dies at 73
  • 1790-02-21 Johann Friedrich Klöffler, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1790-07-25 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer, dies at 66
  • 1790-07-31 Johann Christian Frischmuth, German composer, dies at 48
  • 1790-09-02 Johann N von Hontheim, German religious historian/Bishop, dies
  • 1790-12-16 Ludwig August Lebrun, German composer, dies at 38
  • 1791-03-14 Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)
  • 1791-05-30 Ildephons Haas, German composer, dies at 56

Person of interestLeopold II

1792-03-01 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), dies at 44

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1792-04-23 Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer, dies at 50
  • 1792-04-25 Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, German composer, dies at 54
  • 1792-10-28 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, died at 82
  • 1793-05-13 Martin Gerbert, German composer, music historian and abbot, dies at 72
  • 1793-12-23 Johann Adolph Hasse, German composer (b. 1699)
  • 1794-01-08 Justus Möser, German statesman and writer, dies at 73
  • 1794-01-10 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, dies at 39
  • 1794-08-11 Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht, German composer, dies at 72
  • 1795-07-06 Georg Gottfried Petri, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1795-08-19 Friedrich Hartmann Graf, German composer, dies at 67
  • 1796-05-12 Johann Peter Uz, German poet (Theodicee), dies at 75
  • 1796-05-17 Jacob Wilhelm Lustig, German composer, dies at 89
  • 1797-02-08 Johann Friedrich Doles, German composer, pupil of J. S. Bach, dies at 81
  • 1797-02-22 Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)
  • 1797-05-30 Carl Ludwig Junker, German composer, dies at 48
  • 1797-08-12 Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger, German composer, dies at 73
  • 1798-01-20 Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master, dies at 66
  • 1798-01-26 Christian Gottlob Neefe, German composer, conductor and tutor of Ludwig van Beethoven, dies at 49
  • 1798-02-13 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies of Art), dies at 24
  • 1798-04-11 Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (b. 1725)
  • 1798-11-30 Friedrich Fleischmann, German composer, dies at 32
  • 1798-12-09 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage), dies at 69
  • 1799-02-24 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), dies at 56
  • 1799-03-25 Constantin Reindl, German composer, dies at 60
  • 1799-06-18 Johann Andre, German composer, dies at 58
  • 1799-12-20 David Traugott Nicolai, German composer, dies at 66
  • 1800-03-03 Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1800-06-10 Johann Abraham Peter Schulz, German composer, dies at 53
  • 1800-06-20 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1801-03-14 Christian Friedrich Penzel, German musician and composer, dies at 63
  • 1801-03-25 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), dies at 28
  • 1801-06-23 Bendix Friedrich Zinck, German composer, dies at 58
  • 1801-10-23 Johann Gottlieb Naumann, German composer, dies at 60
  • 1801-11-09 Carl Philipp Stamitz, German composer, dies at 56
  • 1802-03-07 Johann Georg Witthauer, German composer, dies at 50
  • 1802-06-28 Johann Jakob Engel, German author (Herr Lorenz Stark), dies at 60
  • 1802-08-10 Franz Aepinus, German physician and physicist, dies at 77
  • 1803-03-14 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (Der Messias), dies at 78
  • 1803-12-18 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher, theologist and poet, dies at 59

Person of interestImmanuel Kant

1804-02-12 Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79

Philosopher Immanuel Kant
Philosopher
Immanuel Kant
  • 1805-01-19 Johann Gottlieb Karl Spazier, German composer, dies at 43
  • 1805-04-06 Lorenz Justinian Ott, German composer, dies at 56
  • 1805-05-09 Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller, German poet & playwright, dies at 45
  • 1805-07-09 Georg W "Franz" Panzer, German vicar/librarian, dies at 76
  • 1806-03-03 Heinrich Christian Boie, German author and editor, dies at 61
  • 1806-06-28 Johann Friedrich Ludwig Sievers, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1806-09-10 Johann C Adelung, German translator/librarian, dies at 74
  • 1806-10-23 Franz Seydelmann, German composer, dies at 58
  • 1806-10-31 Sophie Mereau, German writer, dies at 36
  • 1806-11-12 Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, dies at 73
  • 1807-02-18 August Gottlieb Meißner, German Enlightenment author who helped develop the detective story genre in German literature, dies at 53
  • 1807-02-18 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), dies at 75
  • 1807-08-15 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1807-12-19 Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
  • 1808-05-18 Jacob Albright, German-American Christian leader, founder of Albright's People (Evangelical Association), dies at 49
  • 1809-09-07 Caroline Schelling, [Michaelis], German author and academic dies at 46
  • 1810-04-10 Konrad Back, German monastic composer, dies at 60
  • 1810-06-13 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), dies at 47
  • 1810-11-01 Georg Anton Kreusser, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1810-11-11 Johann/John Zoffany, German painter (Tribuna degl' Uffizi), dies at 77
  • 1810-12-02 Philipp Otto Runge, German Romantic painter, dies at 33
  • 1811-07-19 Christian Gotthilf Tag, German composer, dies at 76
  • 1811-09-08 Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist, dies at 69
  • 1811-11-21 Heinrich W von Kleist, German playwright, dies at 34
  • 1812-01-15 Johannes Herbst, German composer, dies at 76
  • 1812-04-11 Gottlieb Schick, German painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35