German History (Part 7)

Historical Events

Events 601 - 700 of 2,177

Historic Event

1916-11-05 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Joseph I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

Historic Event

1916-11-15 Canadian pilot William George Barker flying over Ancre River, spots concentration of German troops massing for counter-attack on Beaumont Hamel, sends emergency Zone Call to break up German infantry apart. Barker later receives Military Cross

  • 1916-11-26 Greece declares war on Germany
  • 1916-11-28 1st German air attack on London
  • 1916-12-15 Battle of Verdun: French launch major offensive against German lines after a six-day artillery bombardment
  • 1917-01-16 "Zimmermann Telegram" is sent from Germany to Mexico, stating in the event of the US entering World War I on the allied side, Mexico would be given Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Intercepted by British intelligence and partially deciphered by the next day. It's release in March shifts US public opinion in favor of war against Germany.
  • 1917-01-31 Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
  • 1917-02-01 German Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz announces unrestricted submarine warfare against allied shipping

Historic Event

1917-02-03 US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany

Music History

1917-02-13 Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is arrested in Paris on suspicion that she is a German spy

  • 1917-02-22 German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
  • 1917-02-24 German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)
  • 1917-02-28 AP reports Mexico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I
  • 1917-03-03 German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann publicly admits the "Zimmermann Telegram" is genuine. Generates support for the US declaration of war on Germany in April.
  • 1917-03-12 A German submarine sinks an unarmed US merchant ship, the 'Algonquin' on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson gives executive order to arm US merchant ships

Historic Event

1917-03-25 Canadian flying ace Billy Bishop claims his first victory, shooting down and mortally wounding German Leutnant Theiller

  • 1917-04-02 US President Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany
  • 1917-04-06 US declares war on Germany, enters World War I
  • 1917-05-10 Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks
  • 1917-06-07 The British detonate mines beneath the German-held Messines Ridge, in the Ypres area
  • 1917-06-13 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children with 432 injuries
  • 1917-06-14 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • 1917-06-19 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor

Historic Event

1917-07-17 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

  • 1917-07-22 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • 1917-07-24 Trial of Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari begins in Paris for allegedly spying for Germany and thus causing the deaths of 50,000 soldiers
  • 1917-08-06 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins
  • 1917-08-14 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1917-09-03 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • 1917-09-03 German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • 1917-09-06 French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft
  • 1917-10-15 Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany during WWI at Vincennes near Paris
  • 1917-10-17 1st British bombing of Germany
  • 1917-10-24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • 1917-11-20 1st successful tank use in battle, at the Battle of Cambrai in World War I as Britain uses the new technology to break through German lines
  • 1917-11-26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1917-12-05 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • 1917-12-11 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • 1917-12-14 UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • 1918-01-16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • 1918-01-22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • 1918-02-15 US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
  • 1918-02-16 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
  • 1918-02-18 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • 1918-02-22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • 1918-02-23 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
  • 1918-03-03 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • 1918-03-07 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany
  • 1918-03-19 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • 1918-03-21 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • 1918-03-23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • 1918-04-14 Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)

Battle of Interest

1918-04-21 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill

  • 1918-04-23 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
  • 1918-05-27 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • 1918-06-01 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircraft over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden
  • 1918-06-04 French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
  • 1918-06-26 The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • 1918-07-19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • 1918-08-08 World War I: The Allies launch the Hundred Days Offensive, beginning with the Battle of Amiens where 500 tanks and 10 Allied divisions attacked German lines
  • 1918-08-12 WWI: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • 1918-08-13 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • 1918-09-03 Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line
  • 1918-09-12 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel

Sgt. Alvin York Kills 25 German Soldiers

1918-10-08 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans

  • 1918-10-26 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • 1918-10-29 German sailors refuse to obey orders to fight British naval forces and lead a revolt in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven, beginning the German Revolution
  • 1918-11-03 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • 1918-11-06 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan
  • 1918-11-07 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • 1918-11-08 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs
  • 1918-11-09 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in World War I
  • 1918-11-09 Following the collapse of Germany in World War I, the Weimar Republic of Germany is proclaimed
  • 1918-11-10 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

1918-11-11 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

  • 1918-11-17 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • 1918-11-18 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • 1918-11-21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • 1918-11-21 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • 1918-11-28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates
  • 1918-12-13 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
  • 1918-12-16 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • 1918-12-17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • 1918-12-27 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.
  • 1919-01-05 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • 1919-01-05 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • 1919-01-11 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • 1919-01-19 National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • 1919-02-06 The first day of the Weimar Republic which, because of its support of the Treaty of Versailles, does not receive proper allegiance from the German nation
  • 1919-02-11 Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
  • 1919-02-21 German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
  • 1919-03-03 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
  • 1919-03-11 General strike in Germany crushed
  • 1919-03-12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
  • 1919-05-06 Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; German East Africa is assigned to Britain and France, German South West Africa to South Africa
  • 1919-05-07 A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
  • 1919-06-20 Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 601 - 700 of 3,441

  • 1757-07-12 Christian Danner, German violinist and composer, born in Schwetzingen, Germany (d. 1813)
  • 1758-03-09 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), born in Tiefenbronn, Germany (d. 1828)
  • 1758-08-24 Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Schwerin, Germany (d. 1794)
  • 1758-10-11 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician, discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1840)
  • 1758-12-11 Carl Friedrich Zelter, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1759-02-15 Friedrich A Wolfius [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)
  • 1759-05-01 Jacob Albright, German-American Christian leader, founder of Albright's People (Evangelical Association), born in Fox Mountain, Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
  • 1759-07-10 Eleanore Sophia Maria Westenholz, German composer (d. 1838)
  • 1759-11-10 Frederich von Schiller, German poet and lyricist (Ode to Joy), born in Marbach am Neckar, Germany (d. 1805)
  • 1760-05-10 Johann Peter Hebel, German writer (Allemannische Gedichte), born in Basel (d. 1826)
  • 1761-01-23 Friedrich von Matthison, German poet (Adelaide), born in Hohendodeleben, Germany (d. 1831)
  • 1761-04-20 Johann Gottlieb Karl Spazier, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1805)
  • 1761-05-03 August von Kotzebue, German dramatist, born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1819)
  • 1761-07-25 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer, born in Saal an der Saale, Electorate of Bavaria (d. 1843)
  • 1761-09-24 Friedrich Ludwig Æmilius Kunzen, German composer, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1817)
  • 1761-10-15 Peter Grønland, Danish composer, born in Wilster, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1762-01-23 Christian A. Vulpius, German novelist & dramatist (Rinaldo Rinaldini), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1827)
  • 1762-05-19 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), born in Rammenau, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1814)
  • 1763-01-29 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), born in Poserna, Saxony-Anhalt, (d. 1810)
  • 1763-02-03 Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld], German author
  • 1763-03-21 Jean Paul, German romantic writer (Titan), born in Wunsiedel, Franconia (d. 1825)
  • 1763-05-04 Franz Stanislaus Spindler, German composer, born in Steingaden, Germany (d. 1819)
  • 1763-06-15 Franz Danzi, German composer and cellist, born in Schwetzingen (d. 1826)
  • 1763-07-02 Peter Ritter, German cellist and composer, born in Mannheim, Palatinate (d. 1846)

John Jacob Astor

1763-07-17 John Jacob Astor [Johann Jakob Astor] German-American businessman (first multi-millionaire in the United States), born in Walldorf, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1848)

  • 1763-09-02 Caroline von Schelling [Michaelis], German author
  • 1763-10-24 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (Florentin), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1839)
  • 1764-05-20 J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/lithographer
  • 1764-11-22 Barbara Juliane, baroness von Krüdener, Baltic German religious mystic, author, and Pietist Lutheran theologian, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1824)
  • 1765-03-27 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, born in Munich (d. 1841)
  • 1765-06-01 Friedrich Ludwig Seidel, German composer, born in Treuenbrietzen (d. 1831)
  • 1765-06-05 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician, born in Simmozheim (d. 1831)
  • 1765-12-22 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1766-01-25 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern, German statesman & political writer, born in Kleinniedesheim, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1766-04-15 Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher and critic, born in Oker, Hanover, Germany (d. 1828)
  • 1766-07-09 Johanna Schopenhauer, German writer and mother of Arthur Schopenhauer, born in Gdańsk, Royal Prussia, Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (d. 1838)
  • 1766-07-18 Friedrich Fleischmann, German composer, born in Marktheidenfeld, Germany (d. 1798)
  • 1766-11-24 Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect, born in Karlsruhe (d. 1826)
  • 1767-03-13 Heinrich Domnich, German horn player and composer, born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1844)
  • 1767-04-27 Andreas Romberg, German violinist and composer (Song of the Clock), born in Vechta, Germany (d. 1821)
  • 1767-05-07 Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia, Duchess of York and Albany, born in Charlottenburg, Germany (d. 1820)
  • 1767-05-24 Josef Schnabel, German composer, born in Naumburg am Queis, Silesia (d. 1831)
  • 1767-05-24 Ferdinand Franzl, German composer, born in Schwetzingen (d. 1833)
  • 1767-05-25 Friedrich Johann Eck, German violinist and composer (Concertos pour violon), born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1838)
  • 1767-06-22 Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
  • 1767-08-30 Christian Friedrich Gottlieb Schwencke, German pianist, composer and publisher, born in Wachenhausen (d. 1822)
  • 1767-09-08 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1845)
  • 1767-09-08 Karl August von Lichtenstein, German composer, born in Lahm, Bavaria (d. 1845)
  • 1767-11-11 Bernhard Romberg, German cellist, composer and royal chaplain bandmaster, born in Dinklage, Germany (d. 1841)
  • 1768-02-12 Francis II, Florence Italy, last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806)
  • 1768-09-14 Georg Johann Schinn, German composer, born in Sinzig, Germany (d. 1833)
  • 1768-11-21 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist and philosopher, born in Breslau, Prussian Silesia (d. 1834)
  • 1770-03-20 Friedrich Hölderlin, German writer (d. 1843)
  • 1770-03-28 Sophie Mereau, German writer, born in Altenburg, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1770-04-09 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (Seebeck effect), born in Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1831)
  • 1770-04-19 Georg Abraham Schneider, German horn player and composer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1839)
  • 1770-08-27 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher and inventor (dialectic), born in Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1831)
  • 1770-09-19 Johann Georg Repsold, German instrument maker and astronomer, born in Wremen, Wurster Nordseeküste, Germany (d. 1830)

Ludwig van Beethoven

1770-12-16 Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (5th Symphony, Ode to Joy), born in Bonn, Electorate of Cologne (d. 1827)

  • 1771-02-24 Johann Baptist Cramer, German/British pianist/composer/publisher
  • 1771-03-10 Georg Friedrich Creuzer, German classical scholar (Idea und Probe), born in Marburg an der Lahn, Hesse (d. 1858)
  • 1771-05-19 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German literary hostess, born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1833)
  • 1771-09-17 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1816)
  • 1771-10-09 Frederik Willem, Duke of Brunswick (1813-15), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1771-11-06 Alois Senefelder, German actor and inventor (lithography), born in Prague (d. 1834)
  • 1772-03-10 Friedrich von Schlegel, German romantic writer/critic (Lucinde)
  • 1772-05-02 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), born in Oberwiederstedt, Saxony (d. 1801)
  • 1772-05-04 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German encyclopedia publisher, born in Dortmund, Germany (d. 1823)
  • 1772-07-25 Gottlob Benedikt Bierey, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1840)
  • 1773-05-02 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher, born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1845)
  • 1773-05-31 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1853)
  • 1773-06-03 Caspar G C Reinwardt, German Dutch biologist
  • 1773-07-13 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies about Art), born in Berlin (d. 1798)
  • 1773-07-23 Karl Ludwig Hellwig, German composer, born in Bliesdorf, Germany (d. 1838)
  • 1773-08-23 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, born in Barby, Germany (d. 1843)
  • 1773-09-24 Johann Philipp Christian Schulz, German composer, born in Bad Langensalza, Germany (d. 1827)
  • 1774-01-24 Karl Moser, German composer and violinist, born in Berlin (1851)
  • 1774-04-26 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, born in Stolpe an der Oder, Margraviate of Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1853)
  • 1774-10-18 Adolf Muller, German dramatist and critic, born near Weissenfels (d. 1829)

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

1775-01-27 Friedrich von Schelling, German philosopher (Views on Christianity), born in Leonberg, Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1854)

  • 1775-04-22 Georg Hermes, German philosopher and theologist (Hermenianen), born in Dreierwalde, Münster (d. 1831)
  • 1775-06-12 Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal, born in Halle, Germany (d. 1851)
  • 1775-07-17 August Harder, German composer, born in Schönerstädt (d. 1813)
  • 1775-08-26 William Joseph Behr, German writer (d. 1851)
  • 1775-10-27 Traugott Maximilian Eberwein, German composer, born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1831)
  • 1776-01-24 Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann, German writer/judge/composer (Undine)
  • 1776-05-04 Johann Friedrich Herbart, German philosopher and psychologist, born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1841)
  • 1776-08-15 Gottlieb Schick, German painter (Apollo under the Hirten), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1776-12-16 Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German physicist (d. 1810)
  • 1776-12-31 Johann Spurzheim, German physician, born in Trier, Electorate of Trier, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1777-01-02 Christian D Rauch, German sculptor (d. 1857)
  • 1777-02-12 Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, German poet (d. 1843)

Carl Friedrich Gauss

1777-04-30 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1855)

  • 1777-06-15 János Fusz, Hungarian-German composer, born in Tolna, Hungary (d. 1819)
  • 1777-07-23 Philipp Otto Runge, German Romantic painter, born in Wolgast, West Pomerania (d. 1810)
  • 1777-09-07 Heinrich David Stölzel, German horn player who developed the first valve for brass instruments, born in Schneeberg, Saxony (d. 1844)
  • 1777-10-18 Heinrich von Kleist, German dramatist/poet (Penthesilea)
  • 1777-11-28 Augsut Kestner, German art collector and diplomat, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1853)
  • 1778-03-08 Friedrich August Kanne, Austrian-German composer, born in Delitzsch, Saxony (d. 1833)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 601 - 700 of 2,530

  • 1812-04-11 Gottlieb Schick, German painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35
  • 1812-06-16 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), dies at 23
  • 1812-07-14 Christian G. Heyne, German scholar and archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1812-09-19 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, dies at 68
  • 1812-12-12 John Malchair, German-born English artist, violinist and composer, dies at 82
  • 1813-04-29 Christian Danner, German violinist and composer, dies at 55
  • 1813-08-26 Karl Theodor Korner, German poet (Vetter aus Bremen), dies at 21
  • 1813-10-22 August Harder, German composer, dies at 38
  • 1813-11-30 Friedrich August Baumbach, German composer, dies at 60
  • 1814-01-29 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51
  • 1814-05-07 Franz Volrath Buttstett, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1814-06-27 Johann Friedrich Reichardt, German composer, dies at 61
  • 1815-05-21 Roman Hoffstetter, German classical composer, dies at 73
  • 1816-03-18 Johann Paul Schulthesius, German composer, dies at 67
  • 1816-04-28 Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1816-07-06 Philipp Meissner, German composer, dies at 67
  • 1816-08-09 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer, dies at 44
  • 1817-01-01 Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (discovered uranium), dies at 73
  • 1817-01-28 Friedrich Ludwig Æmilius Kunzen, German composer, dies at 55
  • 1817-04-02 Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (Heinrich Stillings Leben), dies at 76
  • 1817-06-30 Abraham Gottlob Werner, German geologist
  • 1817-12-11 Max von Schenkendorf, German poet, dies at 34
  • 1818-06-29 Carl Philipp Fohr, German painter and cartoonist, dies at 22
  • 1818-10-22 Joachim H Campe, German theory/author, dies at 72
  • 1819-03-09 János Fusz, Hungarian-German composer, dies at 41
  • 1819-03-23 August von Kotzebue, German dramatist, dies at 57
  • 1819-06-26 Johann Wilhelm Stadler, German composer, dies at 71
  • 1819-09-08 Franz Stanislaus Spindler, German composer, dies at 56
  • 1819-09-28 Karl Haack, German composer, dies at 68
  • 1819-12-05 Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet, lawyer and translator, dies at 69
  • 1820-01-25 Joseph Franz Weigl, German cellist and early proponent of the 'thumb technique', dies at 79
  • 1820-02-29 Johann Joachim Eschenburg, German literary critic (b. 1743)
  • 1821-02-21 Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (b. 1756)
  • 1821-04-20 Franz Karl Achard, German physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • 1821-11-10 Andreas Romberg, German violinist and composer (Der Rabe), dies at 54
  • 1822-01-14 Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell, German landscape painter, dies at 72
  • 1822-02-22 Johann Ignaz Walter, German opera singer and composer, dies at 66
  • 1822-05-15 Christian Ludwig Dieter, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1822-06-25 Ernst T. Amadeus Hoffmann, German writer, judge and composer, dies at 46
  • 1822-10-27 Christian Friedrich Gottlieb Schwencke, German pianist, composer and publisher, dies at 55
  • 1822-11-19 Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • 1823-01-17 Zacharius Werner, German playwright, dies at 36
  • 1823-08-20 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German encyclopedia publisher, dies at 51
  • 1824-12-25 Barbara Juliane, baroness von Krüdener, Baltic German religious mystic, author, and Pietist Lutheran theologian, dies at 60
  • 1825-04-21 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)
  • 1825-06-13 Johann Peter Melchior, German sculptor, dies at 82
  • 1825-10-17 Peter Winter, German composer, dies at 71
  • 1826-03-01 Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect, dies at 59
  • 1826-04-13 Franz Danzi, German composer & cellist, dies at 62
  • 1826-05-25 Christian Friedrich Ruppe, Dutch-German composer, dies at 72
  • 1826-06-07 Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)
  • 1826-07-26 Friedrich Wilhelm Weis, German physician and composer, dies at 82
  • 1826-09-22 Johann Peter Hebel, German writer (Allemannische Gedichte), dies at 66
  • 1826-11-17 Louise Reichardt, German composer, dies at 47
  • 1827-01-30 Johann Philipp Christian Schulz, German composer, dies at 53
  • 1827-02-07 Franz Anton Dimmler, German composer, dies at 73

Ludwig van Beethoven

1827-03-26 Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (5th Symphony, Ode to Joy), dies of liver disease at 56

  • 1827-04-02 Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)
  • 1827-04-03 Ernst Chladni, German physicist (Chladni's law - estimating the speed of sound), instrument inventor (euphon; clavicylinder), and musician, dies at 70
  • 1827-06-26 Christian A Vulpius, German writer (Ornaldo Ornaldini), dies
  • 1827-06-27 Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)
  • 1827-11-18 Wilhelm Hauff, German writer, dies at 24
  • 1828-08-22 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), dies at 70
  • 1829-01-12 Friedrich von Schlegel, German cultural philosopher/poet, dies at 56
  • 1829-12-07 Johann Christoph Kienlen, German composer, dies at 45
  • 1830-01-14 Johann Georg Repsold, German instrument maker and astronomer, dies at 59
  • 1830-03-02 Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)
  • 1830-04-01 Carl Borromaus Neuner, German composer, dies at 51
  • 1831-03-04 Georg Michael Telemann, German composer, dies at 82
  • 1831-03-09 Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger, German playwright (Der Wirrwarr, oder Sturm und Drang) and novelist, dies at 79
  • 1831-04-19 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1831-05-13 Christian Gottfried Körner, German lawyer, dies at 74
  • 1831-05-26 Georg Hermes, German philosopher and theologist (Hermenianen), dies
  • 1831-06-16 Josef Schnabel, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1831-11-14 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher and inventor (dialectic), dies at 61
  • 1831-12-02 Traugott Maximilian Eberwein, German composer, dies at 56
  • 1831-12-10 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (Seebeck effect), dies at 61
  • 1832-02-15 Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, German-Danish composer, dies at 85
  • 1832-03-12 Friedrich Kuhlau, German-Danish opera composer, dies at 45
  • 1832-05-15 Carl Friedrich Zelter, German composer, dies at 73
  • 1832-09-27 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher, dies at 51
  • 1833-02-18 Georg Johann Schinn, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1833-03-07 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German literary hostess, dies at 61
  • 1833-12-16 Friedrich August Kanne, Austrian-German composer, dies at 55
  • 1833-12-17 Kaspar Hauser, German son of grand duke Karel of Bathe (who claimed to have grown up in the total isolation of a darkened cell), murdered at 21
  • 1834-02-12 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist and philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1835-03-02 Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1768)
  • 1835-11-16 Louis Angely, German comedic poet (Paris in Pommern), dies at 48
  • 1835-12-05 August von Platen, German poet, dies at 39
  • 1836-05-07 Norbert Burgmuller, German composer, drowns during an epileptic seizure at 26
  • 1837-02-12 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, dies at 50
  • 1837-02-19 Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
  • 1837-03-26 Joseph Lincke, German cellist and composer, dies at 53
  • 1838-01-13 Ferdinand Ries, German composer dies at 53
  • 1838-02-22 Friedrich Johann Eck, German violinist and composer (Concertos pour violon), dies at 70
  • 1838-04-17 Johanna Schopenhauer, German writer and mother of Arthur Schopenhauer, dies at 71
  • 1838-10-04 Eleanore Sophia Maria Westenholz, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1838-11-24 Karl Ludwig Hellwig, German composer, dies at 65