German History (Part 8)

Historical Events

Events 701 - 800 of 2,176

Scuttling at Scapa Flow

1919-06-21 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands

  • 1919-07-31 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted
  • 1919-08-11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • 1919-09-10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany

Agreement of Interest

1919-09-12 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Historic Event

1920-01-23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor William II of Germany to allies

  • 1920-02-02 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • 1920-02-29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • 1920-03-13 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • 1920-03-27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
  • 1920-04-06 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • 1920-05-05 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • 1920-07-11 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • 1920-12-07 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1921-03-20 Upper Silesia votes for amalgamation with Germany in a plebiscite that is 63% in favor
  • 1921-03-23 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • 1921-04-19 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1921-04-24 Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
  • 1921-05-02 Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia
  • 1921-05-11 The Allied Supreme Council warns Germany to pay reparations or the entire Ruhr Valley will be occupied; Germany agrees
  • 1921-05-30 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany

Historic Event

1921-07-02 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany

  • 1921-07-21 To prove his contention that air power is superior to sea power, US Colonel William Mitchell demonstrates how bombs from planes can sink a captured German battleship
  • 1921-07-29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party
  • 1921-08-05 Treaty of Berlin: US and Germany sign separate peace treaty
  • 1921-08-23 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
  • 1921-08-25 US signs peace treaty with Germany

US Men's Tennis Open

1921-09-19 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden successfully defends title; beats Wallace F. Johnson 6-1, 6-3, 6-1

  • 1921-09-21 A storage silo at a BASF fertiliser producing plant explodes in Oppau, Germany, 500—600 killed
  • 1921-10-20 Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden
  • 1922-01-06 -13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments
  • 1922-01-13 Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended

Film Premiere

1922-03-04 1st vampire film "Nosferatu", an un-authorized adaptation of Bram Stoker's Dracula, premieres at the Berlin Zoological Garden, Germany

  • 1922-03-15 France, which up until now has insisted on currency for all WWI reparation payments from Germany, now accepts raw materials as payment
  • 1922-04-16 Treaty of Rapallo between the German Republic and Soviet Union a is signed in Italy, normalizing diplomatic relations with each side renouncing their territorial and financial claims against the other
  • 1922-05-15 Germany turns over the Upper Silesia region to Poland under Allied pressure and despite a plebiscite in favor of merging with Germany
  • 1922-06-05 The Banker's committee of the Reparations Commission refuses an international loan to Germany
  • 1922-06-12 German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich
  • 1922-06-24 Adolf Hitler begins a month long prison sentence for paramilitary operations; he rails against the 'Jewish sell-out' of Germany to the Bolsheviks
  • 1922-09-02 German President Friedrich Ebert declares "Deutschland Uber Alles" the German national anthem
  • 1922-09-16 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden wins third straight US singles title; beats fellow American Bill Johnston 4-6, 3-6, 6-2, 6-3, 6-4
  • 1922-09-23 Berthold Brecht's "Drum in the Night" premieres in Germany
  • 1922-10-24 German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925
  • 1922-11-02 Allies deliberate over German mark
  • 1922-11-14 German Reichs Chancellor Joseph Wirth's term ends
  • 1922-11-22 Wilhelm Cuno forms new German government
  • 1923-01-10 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • 1923-01-13 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'
  • 1923-02-08 German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
  • 1923-02-23 German Republic day with laws against worker
  • 1923-02-23 Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
  • 1923-03-14 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)
  • 1923-05-19 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • 1923-07-25 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1
  • 1923-07-29 KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany

Historic Event

1923-08-06 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany

  • 1923-08-13 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government
  • 1923-08-31 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • 1923-09-15 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden wins 4th of 6 straight US singles titles; beats Bill Johnston 6-4, 6-1, 6-4
  • 1923-10-11 German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
  • 1923-10-29 Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxony
  • 1923-11-02 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down
  • 1923-11-10 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • 1923-11-12 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored
  • 1923-11-12 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup
  • 1923-11-20 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark

Historic Event

1923-11-22 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

  • 1923-11-23 German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD
  • 1923-11-23 Germany's Gustav Stresemann's government falls to the SPD
  • 1923-11-29 The Dawes Commission, chaired by the American Banker Charles G. Dawes, is set up to look into the German economic situation and make recommendations that the US can accept
  • 1923-12-08 German-US friendship treaty signed
  • 1923-12-08 Salary & price freeze in Germany
  • 1924-03-01 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • 1924-03-03 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • 1924-05-04 German Republic election: fascists & communists win
  • 1924-07-16 Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
  • 1924-08-16 Conference about German recovery payments opens in London
  • 1924-08-17 French-German trade agreement signed
  • 1924-08-29 Germany's Reichstag approves the Dawes Plan, which sought to solve the WWI reparations problem
  • 1924-09-30 Allies stop checking on German navy
  • 1924-12-02 British-German trade agreement signed
  • 1924-12-07 German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
  • 1925-01-09 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption
  • 1925-01-10 Allies refuse to evacuate the Cologne area of Germany as agreed
  • 1925-01-15 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP
  • 1925-02-09 German Minister Gustav Stresemann proposes security treaty with France

Election of Interest

1925-04-25 Paul von Hindenburg is elected the President of Germany

  • 1925-10-05 The Lacarno Conference meets: Germany agrees to recognise their frontiers with France and Belgium and will apply for membership in the League of Nations
  • 1925-10-12 German-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1925-10-25 Rightist German ministers disavows Treaty of Locarno
  • 1925-11-09 German NSDAP (Nazi party) forms Schutzstaffel (SS)
  • 1925-11-11 Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD
  • 1925-11-25 KPD proposes German Parliament expropriate possession of monarchy
  • 1925-11-26 Netherlands & Germany sign trade agreement
  • 1925-11-27 German Parliament ratifies treaty of Locarno
  • 1925-12-05 Hans Luther forced to resign as Chancellor and head of the German Weimar government
  • 1926-01-20 2nd German government of Luther begins
  • 1926-02-04 Austrian chancellor Seipel wants to join Germany
  • 1926-02-08 German Reichstag decides to apply for League of Nations membership
  • 1926-03-17 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 701 - 800 of 3,440

  • 1778-07-29 Carl Borromaus Neuner, German composer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1830)
  • 1778-08-11 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German educator and founder of the turnverein (gymnastics) movement, born in Lanz, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • 1778-09-08 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), born in Ehrenbreitstein, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1779-02-21 Friedrich von Savigny, German lawyer
  • 1779-04-11 Louise Reichardt, German composer, born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1826)
  • 1779-07-21 Gottlob Wiedebein, German composer, born in Eilenstedt (d. 1854)
  • 1779-08-01 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist, born in Bohlsbach, Swabia (d. 1851)
  • 1779-09-08 Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt, German composer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1853)
  • 1780-01-10 Heinrich Lichtenstein, German physician & explorer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1857)
  • 1780-01-12 Wilhelm M L de Wette, German exegetist/theologist
  • 1780-02-19 Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen, German philologist (Nibelungenlied), born in Angermünde-Schmiedeberg i (d. 1856)
  • 1780-03-27 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
  • 1780-07-25 Christian Theodor Weinlig, German composer, teacher and choir master, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1842)
  • 1780-12-14 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian diplomat, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1862)
  • 1781-01-26 Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim, German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • 1781-02-09 Johann Baptist von Spix, German scientist (d. 1826)
  • 1781-03-13 Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter (Altes Museum, Neue Wache), born in Neuruppin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (d. 1841)
  • 1781-04-22 Friedrich Christian Hermann Uber, German composer, born in Breslau (d. 1822)
  • 1781-05-04 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher, born in Eisenberg, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1781-05-14 Friedrich von Raumer, German historian and parliamentarian
  • 1781-06-05 Christian August Lobeck, German classical scholar, born in Naumburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1781-11-20 Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist, born in Jena, Germany (d. 1854)
  • 1783-01-20 (Justus Johann) Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist (Dresden Court Orchestra, 1821-50), composer, and teacher, born in Haselrieth, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1783-03-08 Gottfied Wilhelm Fink, German composer, born in Sulza, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1846)
  • 1783-03-26 Johann Baptist Weigl, German composer and clergyman, born in Hahnbach, Bavaria (d. 1852)
  • 1783-06-08 Joseph Lincke, German cellist and composer, born in Trachenberg, Silesia (d. 1837)
  • 1783-06-29 August Alexander Klengel, German pianist and composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1783-12-11 Max von Schenkendorf, German poet, born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 1817)
  • 1783-12-14 Johann Christoph Kienlen, German composer, born in Ulm, Germany (d. 1829)
  • 1784-02-29 Leo von Klenze, German architect (New Hermitage), born in Buchladen (d. 1864)
  • 1784-04-05 Louis Spohr, German violin virtuoso and composer (Faust), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1784-07-22 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • 1784-12-13 Archduke Louis of Austria, 14th child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Feldmarschal-Leutnant of Austrian Imperial Army, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1864)

Jacob GrimmJacob Grimm (1785-1863)

1785-01-04 German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1785-02-21 Karl Varnhagen von Ense, German officer and author (Die Sterner)
  • 1785-04-01 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
  • 1785-04-04 Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1785-10-31 George F Kersting, German painter, born in Güstrow, Germany (d. 1847)
  • 1785-11-02 Frederich Kalkbrenner, German-French pianist and composer, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1849)
  • 1785-11-02 Johann Leopold Fuchs, German pianist and composer, born in Dessau (d. 1853)
  • 1786-01-03 [Johann Christian] Friedrich Schneider, German composer and conductor (d. 1853)

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm (1786-1859)

1786-02-24 German story teller (Grimm's Fairy Tales), born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1786-05-06 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • 1786-09-11 Friedrich Kuhlau, German-Danish opera composer (Elves Hall), born in Lüneburg, Lower Saxony (now Germany) (d. 1832)
  • 1786-09-18 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1786-11-10 Carl Eberwein, German composer and violinist, born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1868)

Carl Maria von WeberCarl Maria von Weber (1786-1826)

1786-11-18 German pianist, romantic composer (Der Freischutz; Oberon), and lithographer, born in Eutin, Bishopric of Lübeck, Holy Roman Empire (now Germany)

  • 1787-03-06 Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (studied Sun's spectrum)

Karl Ferdinand von GraefeKarl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840)

1787-03-08 German surgeon who helped create modern plastic Immunologist, born in Warsaw, Poland

  • 1787-04-26 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1787-09-18 Johann David Passavant, German historian, painter and graphic artist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1861)
  • 1787-10-30 Karl Guhr, German composer, born in Militsch (d. 1848)
  • 1788-01-05 Kaspar Ett, German organist & composer, born in Eresing, Germany (d. 1847)
  • 1788-02-22 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1788-03-10 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (Das Marmorbild)
  • 1788-04-05 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1788-05-10 Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • 1788-05-16 Friedrich Rückert, German Poet, Translator and Orientalist (d. 1866)
  • 1788-08-02 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), born in Göttingen, Germany (d. 1853)
  • 1788-08-26 Aloys Schmitt, German pianist, composer and music theorist (Preparatory Exercises, Op. 16), born in Erlenbach am Main, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1866)
  • 1788-09-06 Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), born in Berlin (d. 1862)
  • 1789-01-03 Carl Gustav Carus, German physiologist & painter, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1789-01-17 August Neander, German theologian (d. 1850)
  • 1789-02-09 Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography (d. 1849)

Georg OhmGeorg Ohm (1789-1854)

1789-03-16 German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), born in Erlangen, Bavaria

  • 1789-06-27 Philipp Friedrich Silcher, German composer, born in Weinstadt, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1789-10-28 Johann Schneider, German composer and organist (d. 1864)
  • 1790-03-14 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver, born in Hanau, Germany (d. 1863)
  • 1790-03-15 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
  • 1790-06-21 Wilhelm Speyer, German violinist and composer, born in Offenbach, Hesse, Germany (d. 1878)
  • 1790-11-17 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • 1791-04-23 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1791-09-05 Giacomo Meyerbeer, German opera composer (Gott und die Natur - God and Nature), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1864)
  • 1791-09-23 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 1791-09-23 Karl T Korner, German poet (Zriny, Leyer und Schwerdt)
  • 1791-12-04 Johann Gottlob Topfer, German composer, born in Niederroßla (d. 1870)
  • 1791-12-09 Peter Josef von Lindpaintner, German composer, born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1856)
  • 1792-02-28 Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian German embryologist
  • 1792-06-19 Gustav Schwab, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1850)
  • 1792-08-13 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1849)
  • 1792-10-12 Christian Gmelin, German chemist, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1792-10-13 Moritz Hauptmann, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1868)
  • 1793-03-04 Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
  • 1793-04-15 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, born in Altona, Hamburg (d. 1864)
  • 1793-07-04 Franz Pecháček, Austrian-German composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1840)
  • 1794-03-26 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, born in Leipzig, Saxony (d. 1872)
  • 1794-04-09 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1794-04-17 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer, born in Erlangen, Germany (d. 1868)
  • 1794-05-29 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. with Wilhelm Beer), born in Berlin (d. 1874)
  • 1794-07-03 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • 1794-07-24 Heinrich Christian Pander, Baltic German biologist and embryologist, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1865)
  • 1794-08-10 Leopold Zunz, German Jewish scholar (Science of Judaism), born in Detmold (d. 1886)
  • 1794-08-17 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest (d. 1849)
  • 1794-10-24 Friedrich Balduin von Gagern, German-Dutch army commandant, born in Weilburg, Germany (d. 1848)
  • 1795-02-08 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (Chinoline), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1867)
  • 1795-03-28 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1795-04-19 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, German naturalist and zoologist (micro-organisms), born in Delitzsch, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1795-05-15 Adolf B Marx, German music theorist
  • 1795-06-24 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (one of the founders of experimental psychology), born in Wittenberg, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1795-09-04 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1878)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 701 - 800 of 2,526

  • 1839-09-21 (Jacob) Gottfried Weber, German composer, and writer (Theory of Musical Composition), dies at 60
  • 1840-01-22 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1840-03-02 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician who discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), dies at 81
  • 1840-05-05 Gottlob Benedikt Bierey, German composer, dies at 67
  • 1840-05-07 Caspar David Friedrich, German painter (b. 1774)

Karl Ferdinand von GraefeKarl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840)

1840-07-04 German surgeon who helped create modern plastic Immunologist, dies at 53

  • 1840-08-25 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, dies at 44
  • 1840-09-15 Franz Pecháček, Austrian-German composer, dies at 47
  • 1841-02-11 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
  • 1841-05-23 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, dies at 76
  • 1841-08-13 Bernhard Romberg, German cellist, composer and royal chaplain bandmaster, dies at 73
  • 1841-08-24 Karl Friedrich Curschmann, German composer, dies at 36
  • 1841-10-09 Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter (Altes Museum, Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • 1842-07-28 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), dies at 63
  • 1843-03-27 Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
  • 1843-05-12 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer, dies at 81
  • 1843-06-06 Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)
  • 1843-07-02 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, dies at 88
  • 1843-08-10 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, dies at 69
  • 1844-07-19 Heinrich Domnich, German hornist and composer, dies at 77
  • 1844-11-01 August Ferdinand Haeser, German composer, dies at 45
  • 1845-02-13 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher, dies at 71
  • 1845-05-02 August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
  • 1845-05-12 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, dies at 77
  • 1845-09-10 Karl August von Lichtenstein, German composer, dies at 78
  • 1846-03-17 Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 1846-05-31 Philip Marheineke, German clergyman (b. 1780)
  • 1846-08-01 Peter Ritter, German cellist and composer, dies at 83
  • 1846-08-27 Gottfied Wilhelm Fink, German composer, dies at 63
  • 1847-01-11 Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld], German author, dies at 83
  • 1847-05-14 Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel, German composer, dies at 41
  • 1847-05-16 Kaspar Ett, German organist/composer, dies at 59
  • 1847-06-07 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, dies at 35
  • 1847-07-01 George F Kersting, German painter, dies at 61

Felix MendelssohnFelix Mendelssohn (1809-1847)

1847-11-04 German composer and pianist (Italian Symphony; Songs Without Words), dies at 38, after a series of strokes

  • 1847-12-11 Moritz von Strachwitz, German poet, dies at 25
  • 1848-01-09 Caroline Herschel, German-born pioneering female astronomer (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigolle), dies at 97
  • 1848-03-03 Heinrich Olivier, German painter, dies

Ludwig LeichhardtLudwig Leichhardt (1813-1848)

1848-04-04 German explorer of northern and central Australia, disappears on an expedition at 34

  • 1848-04-30 Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 1848-05-25 Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)
  • 1848-07-22 Karl Guhr, German composer, dies at 60
  • 1849-01-16 Wilhelm M L de Wette, German theologist, dies at 69
  • 1849-06-10 Friedrich Kalkbrenner, German-French pianist and composer, dies at 63
  • 1849-11-17 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)
  • 1850-01-27 J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85
  • 1850-03-27 Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 1850-07-14 August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1850-08-22 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian-German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), dies at 48
  • 1850-11-04 Gustav Schwab, German writer, dies at 58
  • 1851-01-27 Karl Moser, German composer, dies at 77
  • 1851-02-18 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, dies at 46
  • 1851-08-01 William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)
  • 1851-08-11 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist, dies at 72
  • 1852-07-05 Johann Baptist Weigl, German composer and clergyman, dies at 69
  • 1852-10-11 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), dies at 29
  • 1852-10-15 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German educator and founder of the turnverein (gymnastics) movement, dies at 74
  • 1852-10-22 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern, German political writer and advisor to Dutch king, dies at 86
  • 1852-11-22 August Alexander Klengel, German pianist and composer, dies at 69
  • 1853-03-04 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, dies at 78
  • 1853-03-05 August Kestner, German art collector and diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1853-04-13 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), dies at 64
  • 1853-04-28 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, dies at 79
  • 1853-05-09 Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt, German composer, dies at 73
  • 1853-11-04 Alexander Stadtfeld, German composer, dies at 27
  • 1853-11-23 [Johann Christian] Friedrich Schneider, German composer and conductor, dies at 67
  • 1854-03-06 Caspar GC Reinwardt, German/Dutch biologist, dies at 80
  • 1854-04-11 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • 1854-04-17 Gottlob Wiedebein, German composer, dies at 74
  • 1854-07-04 Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist, dies at 72

Georg OhmGeorg Ohm (1789-1854)

1854-07-06 German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775-1854)

1854-08-20 German philosopher (Views on Christianity), dies at 79

  • 1854-11-26 Matthijs Siegenbeek, literature (Defeated German Spelling), dies

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855)

1855-02-23 German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), dies at 77

  • 1855-10-06 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), dies at 75
  • 1856-02-17 Heinrich Heine, German poet and lyricist (Schubert, Liszt), dies at 58
  • 1856-06-11 Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist, dies at 76
  • 1856-06-26 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), dies at 49

Robert SchumannRobert Schumann (1810-1856)

1856-07-29 German pianist, composer (Humoresque), and music critic (Neue Zeitschrift für Musik - New Journal for Music), dies at 46

  • 1856-08-04 Johann Gottlieb Schneider, German composer, dies at 59
  • 1856-08-21 Peter Josef von Lindpaintner, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1857-09-03 M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist/explorer, dies at 77
  • 1857-11-07 Charles Zeuner, German-American composer and organist, dies at 62
  • 1857-11-26 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (That Freier), dies at 69
  • 1857-12-03 Christian D Rauch, German sculptor, dies at 80
  • 1858-02-16 Georg F. Creuzer, German philological and historian, dies at 86
  • 1858-04-28 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist, dies at 56
  • 1858-10-10 Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German author/poet/diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1859-01-20 Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King), dies at 73
  • 1859-04-12 John Emde, German evangelist, dies at about 84
  • 1859-05-05 Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53
  • 1859-09-05 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, dies at 68
  • 1859-10-04 Karl Baedeker, German publisher (known for guidebooks for tourists), dies at 57
  • 1859-10-22 Louis Spohr, German violin virtuoso and composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 1859-11-22 Ludwig "Louis" Spohr, German violinist/composer (Faust), dies at 75

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm (1786-1859)

1859-12-16 German story teller (Grimm's Fairy Tales), dies at 73

  • 1860-03-06 (Justus Johann) Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist (Dresden Court Orchestra, 1821-50), composer, and teacher, dies at 77
  • 1860-05-13 Christian Gmelin, German chemist, dies at 67