German History (Part 8)

Historical Events

Events 701 - 800 of 2,188

  • 1919-03-11 General strike in Germany crushed
  • 1919-03-12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
  • 1919-05-06 Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; German East Africa is assigned to Britain and France, German South West Africa to South Africa
  • 1919-05-07 A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
  • 1919-06-20 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • 1919-06-20 Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
  • 1919-06-21 Bauer forms German government
  • 1919-06-21 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands
  • 1919-07-31 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted
  • 1919-08-11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • 1919-09-10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1919-09-12 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920-01-23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1920-02-02 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • 1920-02-29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • 1920-03-13 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike

  • 1920-03-27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
  • 1920-04-06 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • 1920-05-05 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • 1920-07-11 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • 1920-12-07 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1921-03-20 Upper Silesia votes for amalgamation with Germany in a plebiscite that is 63% in favor
  • 1921-03-23 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • 1921-04-19 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1921-04-24 Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
  • 1921-05-02 Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia
  • 1921-05-11 The Allied Supreme Council warns Germany to pay reparations or the entire Ruhr Valley will be occupied; Germany agrees
  • 1921-05-30 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921-07-02 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1921-07-21 To prove his contention that air power is superior to sea power, US Colonel William Mitchell demonstrates how bombs from planes can sink a captured German battleship
  • 1921-07-29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party
  • 1921-08-05 Treaty of Berlin: US and Germany sign separate peace treaty
  • 1921-08-23 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
  • 1921-08-25 US signs peace treaty with Germany
  • 1921-09-19 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden successfully defends title; beats Wallace F. Johnson 6-1, 6-3, 6-1
  • 1921-09-21 A storage silo at a BASF fertiliser producing plant explodes in Oppau, Germany, 500—600 killed

  • 1921-10-20 Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden
  • 1922-01-06 -13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments
  • 1922-01-13 Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended

Film release premierFilm Premier

1922-03-04 1st vampire film Nosferatu premieres at the Berlin Zoological Garden, Germany, an adaptation of Bram Stoker's Dracula

Novelist Bram Stoker
Novelist
Bram Stoker
  • 1922-03-15 France, which up until now has insisted on currency for all WWI reparation payments from Germany, now accepts raw materials as payment
  • 1922-04-16 Treaty of Rapallo between the German Republic and Soviet Union a is signed in Italy, normalizing diplomatic relations with each side renouncing their territorial and financial claims against the other
  • 1922-05-15 Germany turns over the Upper Silesia region to Poland under Allied pressure and despite a plebiscite in favor of merging with Germany
  • 1922-06-05 The Banker's committee of the Reparations Commission refuses an international loan to Germany
  • 1922-06-12 German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich
  • 1922-06-24 Adolf Hitler begins a month long prison sentence for paramilitary operations; he rails against the 'Jewish sell-out' of Germany to the Bolsheviks
  • 1922-09-02 President Ebert declares "Deutschland Uber Alles" the German national anthem
  • 1922-09-16 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden wins third straight US singles title; beats fellow American Bill Johnston 4-6, 3-6, 6-2, 6-3, 6-4
  • 1922-09-23 Berthold Brecht's "Drum in the Night" premieres in Germany
  • 1922-10-24 German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925
  • 1922-11-02 Allies deliberate over German mark
  • 1922-11-14 German Reichs Chancellor Joseph Wirth's term ends
  • 1922-11-22 Wilhelm Cuno forms new German government
  • 1923-01-10 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • 1923-01-13 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'
  • 1923-02-08 German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
  • 1923-02-23 German Republic day with laws against worker
  • 1923-02-23 Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
  • 1923-03-14 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)
  • 1923-05-19 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • 1923-07-25 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1
  • 1923-07-29 KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
  • 1923-08-06 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany
  • 1923-08-13 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government
  • 1923-08-31 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • 1923-09-15 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden wins 4th of 6 straight US singles titles; beats Bill Johnston 6-4, 6-1, 6-4
  • 1923-10-11 German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
  • 1923-10-29 Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxon
  • 1923-11-02 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down
  • 1923-11-10 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • 1923-11-12 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup
  • 1923-11-12 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored
  • 1923-11-20 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923-11-22 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1923-11-23 German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD
  • 1923-11-23 Germany's Gustav Stresemann's government falls to the SPD
  • 1923-11-29 The Dawes Commission, chaired by the American Banker Charles G. Dawes, is set up to look into the German economic situation and make recommendations that the US can accept
  • 1923-12-08 German-US friendship treaty signed
  • 1923-12-08 Salary & price freeze in Germany
  • 1924-03-01 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • 1924-03-03 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • 1924-05-04 German Republic election: fascists & communists win
  • 1924-07-16 Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
  • 1924-08-16 Conference about German recovery payments opens in London
  • 1924-08-17 French-German trade agreement signed
  • 1924-08-29 Germany's Reichstag approves the Dawes Plan, which sought to solve the WWI reparations problem
  • 1924-09-30 Allies stop checking on German navy
  • 1924-12-02 British-German trade agreement signed
  • 1924-12-07 German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
  • 1925-01-09 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption
  • 1925-01-10 Allies refuse to evacuate the Cologne area of Germany as agreed
  • 1925-01-15 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP
  • 1925-02-09 German Minister Gustav Stresemann proposes security treaty with France

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1925-04-25 Paul von Hindenburg is elected the President of Germany

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1925-10-05 The Lacarno Conference meets: Germany agrees to recognise their frontiers with France and Belgium and will apply for membership in the League of Nations
  • 1925-10-12 German-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1925-10-25 Rightist German ministers disavows Treaty of Locarno
  • 1925-11-09 German NSDAP (Nazi party) forms Schutzstaffel (SS)
  • 1925-11-11 Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD
  • 1925-11-25 KPD proposes German Parliament expropriate possession of monarchy

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 701 - 800 of 3,455

  • 1778-08-11 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German educator and founder of the turnverein (gymnastics) movement, born in Lanz, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • 1778-09-08 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), born in Ehrenbreitstein, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1779-02-21 Friedrich C von Savigny, German lawyer
  • 1779-04-11 Louise Reichardt, German composer, born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1826)
  • 1779-07-21 Gottlob Wiedebein, German composer, born in Eilenstedt (d. 1854)
  • 1779-08-01 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist, born in Bohlsbach, Swabia (d. 1851)
  • 1779-09-08 Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt, German composer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1853)
  • 1780-01-10 Heinrich Lichtenstein, German physician & explorer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1857)
  • 1780-01-12 Wilhelm M L de Wette, German exegetist/theologist
  • 1780-02-19 Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist (Nibelungenlied)
  • 1780-03-27 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
  • 1780-07-25 Christian Theodor Weinlig, German composer, teacher and choir master, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1842)
  • 1780-12-14 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian diplomat, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1862)
  • 1781-01-26 Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim, German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • 1781-02-09 Johann Baptist von Spix, German scientist (d. 1826)
  • 1781-03-13 Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter (Altes Museum, Neue Wache), born in Neuruppin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (d. 1841)
  • 1781-04-22 Friedrich Christian Hermann Uber, German composer, born in Breslau (d. 1822)
  • 1781-05-04 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher, born in Eisenberg, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1781-05-14 Friedrich von Raumer, German historian and parliamentarian
  • 1781-06-05 Christian August Lobeck, German classical scholar, born in Naumburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1781-11-20 Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist, born in Jena, Germany (d. 1854)
  • 1783-01-20 Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)
  • 1783-03-08 Gottfied Wilhelm Fink, German composer, born in Sulza, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1846)
  • 1783-03-26 Johann Baptist Weigl, German composer, born in Hahnbach, Bavaria (d. 1852)
  • 1783-06-08 Joseph Lincke, German cellist and composer, born in Trachenberg, Silesia (d. 1837)
  • 1783-06-29 August Alexander Klengel, German pianist and composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1783-12-11 Max von Schenkendorf, German poet, born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 1817)
  • 1783-12-14 Johann Christoph Kienlen, German composer, born in Ulm, Germany (d. 1829)
  • 1784-02-29 Leo von Klenze, German architect (New Hermitage), born in Buchladen (d. 1864)
  • 1784-04-05 Louis Spohr, German violin virtuoso and composer (Faust), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1784-07-22 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • 1784-12-13 Archduke Louis of Austria, 14th child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Feldmarschal-Leutnant of Austrian Imperial Army, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1864)

Person of interestJacob Grimm

1785-01-04 Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1863)

Author Jacob Grimm
Author
Jacob Grimm
  • 1785-02-21 Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German officer/author (Die Sterner)
  • 1785-04-01 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
  • 1785-04-04 Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1785-10-31 George F Kersting, German painter, born in Güstrow, Germany (d. 1847)
  • 1785-11-02 Frederich Kalkbrenner, German-French pianist and composer, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1849)
  • 1785-11-02 Johann Leopold Fuchs, German pianist and composer, born in Dessau (d. 1853)
  • 1786-01-03 [Johann Christian] Friedrich Schneider, German composer and conductor (d. 1853)

Person of interestWilhelm Grimm

1786-02-24 Wilhelm Grimm, German story teller (Grimm's Fairy Tales), born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1859)

  • 1786-05-06 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • 1786-09-11 Friedrich Kuhlau, German-Danish opera composer, born in Lüneburg, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1786-09-18 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1786-11-10 Carl Eberwein, German composer and violinist, born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1868)
  • 1786-11-18 Carl Maria von Weber, German romantic composer (Der Freischutz), born in Eutin, Bishopric of Lübeck, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1826)
  • 1787-03-06 Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (studied Sun's spectrum)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1787-04-26 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1787-09-18 Johann David Passavant, German historian, painter and graphic artist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1861)
  • 1787-10-30 Karl Guhr, German composer, born in Militsch (d. 1848)
  • 1788-01-05 Kaspar Ett, German organist & composer, born in Eresing, Germany (d. 1847)
  • 1788-02-22 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1788-03-10 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (Das Marmorbild)
  • 1788-04-05 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1788-05-10 Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • 1788-05-16 Friedrich Rückert, German Poet, Translator and Orientalist (d. 1866)
  • 1788-08-02 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), born in Göttingen, Germany (d. 1853)
  • 1788-08-26 Aloys Schmitt, German music theory/composer/royal pianist
  • 1788-09-06 Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), born in Berlin (d. 1862)
  • 1789-01-03 Carl Gustav Carus, German physiologist & painter, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1789-01-17 August Neander, German theologian (d. 1850)
  • 1789-02-09 Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography (d. 1849)
  • 1789-03-16 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), born in Erlangen, Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1789-06-27 Philipp Friedrich Silcher, German composer, born in Weinstadt, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1789-10-28 Johann Schneider, German composer and organist (d. 1864)
  • 1790-03-14 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver, born in Hanau, Germany (d. 1863)
  • 1790-03-15 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
  • 1790-06-21 Wilhelm Speyer, German violinist and composer, born in Offenbach, Hesse, Germany (d. 1878)
  • 1790-11-17 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • 1791-04-23 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1791-09-05 Giacomo Meyerbeer, German opera composer (Golt Und Die Natur), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1864)
  • 1791-09-23 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 1791-09-23 Karl T Korner, German poet (Zriny, Leyer und Schwerdt)
  • 1791-12-04 Johann Gottlob Topfer, German composer, born in Niederroßla (d. 1870)
  • 1791-12-09 Peter Josef von Lindpaintner, German composer, born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1856)
  • 1792-02-28 Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian German embryologist
  • 1792-06-19 Gustav Schwab, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1850)
  • 1792-08-13 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1849)
  • 1792-10-12 Christian Gmelin, German chemist, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1792-10-13 Moritz Hauptmann, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1868)
  • 1793-03-04 Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
  • 1793-04-15 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, born in Altona, Hamburg (d. 1864)
  • 1793-07-04 Franz Pecháček, Austrian-German composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1840)
  • 1794-03-26 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, born in Leipzig, Saxony (d. 1872)
  • 1794-04-09 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1794-04-17 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer, born in Erlangen, Germany (d. 1868)
  • 1794-05-29 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. with Wilhelm Beer), born in Berlin (d. 1874)
  • 1794-07-03 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • 1794-07-24 Heinrich Christian Pander, Baltic German biologist and embryologist, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1865)
  • 1794-08-10 Leopold Zunz, German Jewish scholar (Science of Judaism), born in Detmold (d. 1886)
  • 1794-08-17 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest (d. 1849)
  • 1794-10-24 Friedrich Balduin von Gagern, German-Dutch army commandant, born in Weilburg, Germany (d. 1848)
  • 1795-02-08 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (Chinoline), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1867)
  • 1795-03-28 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1795-04-19 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, German naturalist and zoologist (micro-organisms), born in Delitzsch, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1795-05-15 Adolf B Marx, German music theorist
  • 1795-06-24 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (one of the founders of experimental psychology), born in Wittenberg, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1795-09-04 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1878)
  • 1795-09-20 Charles Zeuner, German-American composer and organist, born in Eisleben, Saxony (d. 1857)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 701 - 800 of 2,540

  • 1839-08-03 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (Florentin), dies at 74
  • 1839-09-21 Jacob Gottfried Weber, German composer, dies at 60
  • 1840-01-22 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1840-03-02 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician who discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), dies at 81
  • 1840-05-05 Gottlob Benedikt Bierey, German composer, dies at 67
  • 1840-05-07 Caspar David Friedrich, German painter (b. 1774)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1840-07-04 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery dies at 53

  • 1840-08-25 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, dies at 44
  • 1840-09-15 Franz Pecháček, Austrian-German composer, dies at 47
  • 1841-02-11 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
  • 1841-05-23 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, dies at 76
  • 1841-08-13 Bernhard Romberg, German cellist, composer and royal chaplain bandmaster, dies at 73
  • 1841-08-24 Karl Friedrich Curschmann, German composer, dies at 36
  • 1841-10-09 Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter (Altes Museum, Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • 1842-07-28 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), dies at 63
  • 1843-03-27 Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
  • 1843-05-12 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer, dies at 81
  • 1843-06-06 Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)
  • 1843-07-02 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, dies at 88
  • 1843-08-10 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, dies at 69
  • 1844-07-19 Heinrich Domnich, German hornist and composer, dies at 77
  • 1844-11-01 August Ferdinand Haeser, German composer, dies at 45
  • 1845-02-13 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher, dies at 71
  • 1845-05-02 August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
  • 1845-05-12 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, dies at 77
  • 1845-09-10 Karl August von Lichtenstein, German composer, dies at 78
  • 1846-03-17 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 1846-05-31 Philip Marheineke, German clergyman (b. 1780)
  • 1846-08-01 Peter Ritter, German cellist and composer, dies at 83
  • 1846-08-27 Gottfied Wilhelm Fink, German composer, dies at 63
  • 1847-01-11 Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld], German author, dies at 83
  • 1847-05-14 Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel, German composer, dies at 41
  • 1847-05-16 Kaspar Ett, German organist/composer, dies at 59
  • 1847-06-07 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, dies at 35
  • 1847-07-01 George F Kersting, German painter, dies at 61

Person of interestFelix Mendelssohn

1847-11-04 Felix Mendelssohn [Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy], German composer and pianist (Great Scherzos), dies at 38

Composer and Pianist Felix Mendelssohn
Composer and Pianist
Felix Mendelssohn
  • 1847-12-11 Moritz von Strachwitz, German poet, dies at 25
  • 1848-01-09 Caroline Herschel, German-born pioneering female astronomer (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigolle), dies at 97
  • 1848-03-03 Heinrich Olivier, German painter, dies

Person of interestJohn Jacob Astor

1848-03-29 John Jacob Astor [Johann Jakob Astor] German-American businessman (first multi-millionaire in the United States), dies at 84

Businessman John Jacob Astor
Businessman
John Jacob Astor

Person of interestLudwig Leichhardt

1848-04-04 Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer of northern and central Australia, dies on an expedition at 34

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1848-04-30 Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 1848-05-25 Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)
  • 1848-07-22 Karl Guhr, German composer, dies at 60
  • 1849-01-16 Wilhelm M L de Wette, German theologist, dies at 69
  • 1849-06-10 Friedrich Kalkbrenner, German-French pianist and composer, dies at 63
  • 1849-11-17 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)
  • 1850-01-27 J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85
  • 1850-03-27 Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 1850-07-14 August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1850-08-22 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian-German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), dies at 48
  • 1850-11-04 Gustav Schwab, German writer, dies at 58
  • 1851-01-27 Karl Moser, German composer, dies at 77
  • 1851-02-18 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, dies at 46
  • 1851-08-01 William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)
  • 1851-08-11 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist, dies at 72
  • 1852-07-05 Johann Baptist Weigl, German composer, dies at 69
  • 1852-10-11 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), dies at 29
  • 1852-10-15 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German educator and founder of the turnverein (gymnastics) movement, dies at 74
  • 1852-10-22 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern, German political writer and advisor to Dutch king, dies at 86
  • 1852-11-22 August Alexander Klengel, German pianist and composer, dies at 69
  • 1853-03-04 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, dies at 78
  • 1853-03-05 August Kestner, German art collector and diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1853-04-13 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), dies at 64
  • 1853-04-28 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, dies at 79
  • 1853-05-09 Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt, German composer, dies at 73
  • 1853-11-04 Alexander Stadtfeld, German composer, dies at 27
  • 1853-11-23 [Johann Christian] Friedrich Schneider, German composer and conductor, dies at 67
  • 1854-03-06 Caspar GC Reinwardt, German/Dutch biologist, dies at 80
  • 1854-04-11 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • 1854-04-17 Gottlob Wiedebein, German composer, dies at 74
  • 1854-07-04 Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist, dies at 72
  • 1854-07-06 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65
  • 1854-11-26 Matthijs Siegenbeek, literature (Defeated German Spelling), dies

Person of interestCarl Friedrich Gauss

1855-02-23 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), dies at 77

Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1855-10-06 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), dies at 75
  • 1856-02-17 Heinrich Heine, German poet and lyricist (Schubert, Liszt), dies at 58
  • 1856-06-11 Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist, dies at 76
  • 1856-06-26 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), dies at 49
  • 1856-07-29 Robert Schumann, German composer (Humoresque, Neue Zeitschrift fuer Musik), dies at 46
  • 1856-08-04 Johann Gottlieb Schneider, German composer, dies at 59
  • 1856-08-21 Peter Josef von Lindpaintner, German composer, dies at 64
  • 1857-09-03 M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist/explorer, dies at 77
  • 1857-11-07 Charles Zeuner, German-American composer and organist, dies at 62
  • 1857-11-26 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (That Freier), dies at 69
  • 1857-12-03 Christian D Rauch, German sculptor, dies at 80
  • 1858-02-16 Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian, dies at 86
  • 1858-04-28 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist, dies at 56
  • 1858-10-10 Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German author/poet/diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1859-01-20 Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King), dies at 73
  • 1859-04-12 John Emde, German evangelist, dies at about 84
  • 1859-05-05 Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53
  • 1859-09-05 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, dies at 68
  • 1859-10-04 Karl Baedeker, German publisher (known for guidebooks for tourists), dies at 57
  • 1859-10-22 Louis Spohr, German violin virtuoso and composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 1859-11-22 Ludwig "Louis" Spohr, German violinist/composer (Faust), dies at 75

Person of interestWilhelm Grimm

1859-12-16 Wilhelm Grimm, German writer (Grimm's Fairy Tales), dies at 73

  • 1860-03-06 Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (b. 1783)