German History (Part 9)

Historical Events

Events 801 - 900 of 1,896

  • 1933-03-03 German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
  • 1933-03-05 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-03-13 Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-03-16 Adolf Hitler names Hjalmar Schacht as President of Bank of Germany

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-04-01 Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-06-13 German Secret State Police (Gestapo - Geheime Staats Polizei) established by Hermann Goering

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933-06-22 German social-democratic party (SPD) forbidden
  • 1933-07-01 German nazi regime declares that married women shouldn't work
  • 1933-07-05 German party Catholic Center disbands
  • 1933-07-14 Germany begins mandatory sterilization of people with hereditary illnesses
  • 1933-07-14 All non-Nazi parties are banned in Germany
  • 1933-07-17 After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Germany under mysterious circumstances
  • 1933-07-20 Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets
  • 1933-07-24 German judge Vogt signs deed of accusation against Van der Lubbe
  • 1933-08-01 Death penalty for anti-fascists in Germany
  • 1933-10-14 Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-10-17 Albert Einstein arrives in US as a refugee from Nazi Germany

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1933-11-12 Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany
  • 1934-01-01 Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • 1934-01-26 Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • 1934-01-30 Hitler proclamation on German unified states
  • 1934-03-20 Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
  • 1934-04-06 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany
  • 1934-05-02 Nazi Germany begins People's Court
  • 1934-06-26 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty
  • 1934-07-09 SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps
  • 1934-08-02 Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces
  • 1934-08-03 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader)
  • 1934-10-01 Adolf Hitler expands German army and navy, violating Treaty of Versailles
  • 1934-11-26 German theologist Karl Barth surrenders to Nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934-11-28 Winston Churchill tells British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin not to under estimate German air power

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1935-01-13 Plebiscite in Saar indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
  • 1935-02-26 German Luftwaffe is re-formed under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering
  • 1935-03-07 Saar incorporated into Germany
  • 1935-03-11 Hermann Goering officially creates the Luftwaffe (German Air Force)
  • 1935-03-16 Adolf Hitler orders German rearmament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles
  • 1935-04-12 Germany prohibits publishing "not-Arian" writers
  • 1935-06-26 Work service for recent graduates becomes obligatory in Germany
  • 1935-08-11 Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
  • 1935-09-15 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany
  • 1935-11-14 Nazis deprive German Jews of their citizenship
  • 1936-02-06 4th Winter Olympic games open in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
  • 1936-02-16 4th Winter Olympic games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Historic CommunicationHindenburg Disaster

1936-03-04 1st flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany
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  • 1936-03-29 Nazi propaganda claims 99% of Germans voted for Nazi candidates
  • 1936-06-19 Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1936-06-19 German boxer Max Schmeling KOs up-and-coming American heavyweight Joe Louis in 12 rounds at Yankee Stadium, New York

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1936-09-08 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-11-01 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1936-11-15 Nazi-Germany & Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact
  • 1936-11-16 German air force begins bombing of Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-11-18 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1936-11-25 Germany & Japan sign anti-Komintern pact
  • 1937-04-26 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • 1937-05-06 German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)
  • 1937-05-31 German warships bombard Almeria, Spain
  • 1937-07-01 Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
  • 1937-11-17 Britain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
  • 1937-12-27 German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Arg), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany
  • 1938-02-04 Adolf Hitler seizes control of German army and puts Nazis in key posts
  • 1938-02-12 German troops entered Austria
  • 1938-02-12 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-02-20 UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns stating Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain has appeased Nazi Germany

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1938-03-11 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • 1938-03-12 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • 1938-03-13 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • 1938-04-10 Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • 1938-04-23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
  • 1938-05-07 Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany "undesired strangers"
  • 1938-05-14 England soccer team beats Nazi-Germany, 6-3
  • 1938-06-03 German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery
  • 1938-07-25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • 1938-09-12 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 1938-09-27 Jewish lawyers forbidden to practise in Germany

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938-10-01 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • 1938-10-07 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J
  • 1938-10-10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • 1938-11-01 German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • 1938-11-09 Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria - first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins
  • 1938-11-10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • 1938-11-11 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
  • 1938-11-21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia & declared them German citizens
  • 1938-11-29 Mayor Oud of Rotterdam forbids soccer match between Neth-Germany
  • 1938-11-30 Germany bans Jews being lawyers

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938-12-06 French/German non-attack treaty drawn (Ribbentrop-Bonnet Pact)

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1938-12-16 Adolf Hitler institutes the state decoration and civil order of merit, Cross of Honour of the German Mother
  • 1939-01-30 Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament)
  • 1939-02-15 German battleship Bismarck was launched
  • 1939-03-14 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-03-16 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-03-20 7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania
  • 1939-03-21 Nazi Germany demands the return of Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland
  • 1939-03-22 Lithuania forced to give Memel territory to Germany
  • 1939-03-31 Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 801 - 900 of 2,871

  • 1837-04-24 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), born in Schwedt, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1837-05-09 Adam Opel, German manufacturer (cycling, motorcars)
  • 1837-06-08 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), born in Weissenfels, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1837-07-20 Hans Sommer, German theatre composer, born in Brunswick (d. 1922)
  • 1837-10-18 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German sculptor, born in Colonge (d. 1919)
  • 1838-01-06 Max Bruch, German composer (Kol Nidre), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1838-01-16 Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)
  • 1838-05-24 Paul Laband, German lawyer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1838-06-24 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism)
  • 1838-06-27 Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1914)

Person of interestFerdinand von Zeppelin

1838-07-08 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1917)

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1838-07-30 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1838-10-22 Carl Fuchs, German composer and musician, born in Potsdam (d. 1922)
  • 1838-12-11 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG)
  • 1839-01-04 Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1839-04-22 August W Eichler, German botanist
  • 1839-06-03 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Der Herr im Hause)
  • 1839-07-10 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), born in Mainz, Hesse, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1839-08-19 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist
  • 1839-09-25 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), born in Bahlingen, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1839-10-02 Hans Thoma, German painter, born in Bernau, Black Forest (d. 1924)
  • 1839-11-18 August A Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt)
  • 1839-11-20 Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)
  • 1840-01-23 Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company)
  • 1840-02-22 F August Bebel, German social-democrat
  • 1840-02-25 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
  • 1840-03-28 Emin Pasha, German explorer and governor (Equatoria), born in Oppeln, Silesia (d. 1892)
  • 1840-04-21 Franz Xaver Haberl, German priest/musicologist (Magister choralis)
  • 1840-06-16 Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)
  • 1840-06-22 Ernest Debes, German cartographer (Baedeker)

Person of interestThomas Nast

1840-09-27 Thomas Nast, German political cartoonist of late 1800s America, born in Landau, Germany (d. 1902)

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • 1840-09-28 Rudolf Baumbach, Thuringia [Germany], writer of student drinking songs
  • 1840-11-21 Victoria, Empress of Germany/Queen of Prussia
  • 1840-12-07 Hermann Goetz, German composer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1876)
  • 1841-04-06 Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • 1841-04-26 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian
  • 1841-11-25 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (d. 1902)
  • 1842-02-22 Carl Rosa, founder (Rosa opera company), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1842-02-23 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1842-02-25 Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
  • 1842-03-22 Carl A N Rosa, German violinist/composer
  • 1842-06-11 Carl von Linde, German engineer and chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, born in Berndorf, Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1842-08-16 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), born in Brody, Ukraine (d. 1922)
  • 1842-08-26 Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
  • 1842-09-07 Johannes Zukertort, German chess player, born in Lublin, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1842-11-02 Otto Reubke, German composer, brother of Julius Reubke (d. 1913)
  • 1842-12-07 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • 1843-04-01 Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
  • 1843-05-10 Kaufmann Kohler, German-born American reform rabbi and theologian, born in Fürth (d. 1926)
  • 1843-07-29 Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)
  • 1843-08-31 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (1917-18), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1843-09-25 Thomas Chrowder Cham Mattoon Illinois, American Geologist and educator, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1843-11-19 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (d. 1896)

Person of interestRobert Koch

1843-12-11 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), born in Clausthal, Hanover (d. 1910)

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch
  • 1844-01-30 Moritz von Bissing, German gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17), born in Ober Bellmannsdorf, Prussia (d. 1917)
  • 1844-02-01 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
  • 1844-05-17 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (d. 1918)
  • 1844-06-03 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet
  • 1844-06-10 Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen)
  • 1844-08-30 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1904)

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche

Person of interestKarl Benz

1844-11-25 Karl Benz, German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1929)

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1844-12-04 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)
  • 1844-12-18 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist
  • 1845-01-07 Paul Deusen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)
  • 1845-02-03 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)
  • 1845-03-03 Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)

Person of interestWilhelm Röntgen

1845-03-27 Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province (d. 1923)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1845-10-17 Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library
  • 1846-01-05 Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)
  • 1846-02-09 Wilhelm Maybach, German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes
  • 1846-05-08 Oscar Hammerstein, German opera and playwright (Kohinoor), born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1919)
  • 1846-09-13 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1915)
  • 1846-09-25 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system), born in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1847-02-07 Ernst Franck, German composer/conductor
  • 1847-02-16 Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album polonaise)
  • 1847-03-08 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, born in Stollberg / Erzgeb (d. 1931)
  • 1847-03-27 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1931)
  • 1847-05-10 Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)
  • 1847-07-20 Max Liebermann, German impressionist painter

Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

1847-10-02 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), born in Posen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia (d. 1934)

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1847-10-06 Adolf von Hildebrand, German sculptor, born in Marburg, Germany (d. 1921)
  • 1847-12-30 John Peter Altgeld, German/US (Gov-Ill)/pardoned Haymarket-anarchists
  • 1848-04-09 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1848-05-23 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WWI)
  • 1848-07-27 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1933)
  • 1848-07-27 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, born in Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland) (d. 1916)
  • 1848-10-05 Guido von List, German writer (d. 1919)
  • 1848-11-08 Gottlob Frege, German mathematician/logician (Begriffsschrift)
  • 1849-01-11 Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (bath house)
  • 1849-03-19 Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
  • 1849-04-21 Oskar Hertwig, German embryologist, discovered fertilization
  • 1849-04-25 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1849-05-03 Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany, born in Klein-Flottbeck, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1849-10-16 Arnold Krug, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1904)
  • 1849-10-26 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), born in Charlotteburg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1849-11-22 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German historian (Germany & the Next War)
  • 1849-11-22 Christian Rohlfs, German artist (d. 1938)
  • 1849-12-06 August von Mackensen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1849-12-22 Fritz Mauthner, Bohemia, German author/philosopher (skepticism)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 801 - 900 of 1,983

  • 1903-09-18 Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner, German composer, dies at 79
  • 1903-10-07 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)

Person of interestTheodor Mommsen

1903-11-01 Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Nobel Prize in Literature 1902), dies at 85

Historian Theodor Mommsen
Historian
Theodor Mommsen
  • 1903-11-13 Wilhelm von Polenz, German author (Country of Zukunft), dies
  • 1904-01-05 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • 1904-04-16 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (b. 1888)
  • 1904-04-24 Friedrich Siemens, German industrial, dies at 77
  • 1904-05-06 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, dies at 67
  • 1904-08-04 Arnold Krug, German composer, dies at 54
  • 1904-08-09 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • 1904-09-18 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto, dies
  • 1905-01-14 Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • 1905-02-01 Oswald Aschenbach, German painter, dies at 77
  • 1905-06-15 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa,, dies at 51
  • 1905-08-21 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), dies at 80
  • 1905-09-21 Rudolf Baumbach, writer of German student drinking songs, dies at 64
  • 1905-10-06 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, dies at 72
  • 1906-03-10 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), dies at 67
  • 1906-05-14 Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)
  • 1906-05-31 Hermann Schell, German theologist (Gott und Geist), dies at 56
  • 1906-06-05 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • 1906-06-11 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Das Lied der Menschheit), dies at 50
  • 1906-06-22 Fritz Schaudinn, German animal scholar: examined amoebasis, dies at 34
  • 1907-03-05 Friedrich Blass, German classical scholar (b. 1843)
  • 1907-07-06 August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German Linguist, Theologian (b. 1826)
  • 1907-08-15 Joseph Joachim, German violinist (Hungarian Concerto), dies at 76
  • 1907-12-21 Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (public baths), dies at 58
  • 1908-02-23 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1908-06-11 Georg Adler, German statehouse head, dies at 45
  • 1909-01-12 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)
  • 1909-01-15 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63
  • 1909-01-22 Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenmeyer flask), dies at 83
  • 1909-02-02 Adolf Stoecker, German anti-semite/prime minister, dies at 73
  • 1909-05-05 Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
  • 1909-05-08 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), dies at 72
  • 1909-06-22 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet, dies at 65
  • 1909-11-02 Wilhelm Ahlwardt, German orientalist, dies at 81
  • 1910-02-01 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), dies at 44
  • 1910-04-01 Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver, dies at 94
  • 1910-04-02 Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, German theologist, dies at 79

Person of interestRobert Koch

1910-05-27 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), dies at 66

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch
  • 1910-07-10 Johann G Galle, German discoverer of Neptune by telescope, dies
  • 1910-09-05 Franz Xaver Haberl, German priest/musicologist, dies at 70
  • 1910-11-15 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), dies at 79
  • 1910-11-19 Wilhelm Rudolf Fittig, German Chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), dies at 74
  • 1911-01-15 Wilhelm Berger, German composer, pianist and conductor, dies at 49
  • 1911-02-15 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (b. 1859)
  • 1911-04-15 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), dies at 51
  • 1911-08-01 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
  • 1912-01-03 Felix Dahn, German histrian, jurist and poet, dies at 77
  • 1912-01-14 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1912-01-16 Georg Heym, German writer, dies in an ice skating accident at 24
  • 1912-02-22 Richard Andree, German geographer (Andree's Handatlas), dies at 76
  • 1912-03-30 Karl May, German writer (Winnetou/Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70
  • 1912-05-19 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiosperms), dies at 68
  • 1912-11-28 Heinz Galinski, chairman (Central Council for Jews in Germany), dies
  • 1912-12-23 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, dies at 62
  • 1912-12-30 Alfred von Kiderlen-Wächter, German foreign minister, dies at 60
  • 1913-03-09 Eberhard Nestle, German biblical scholar, dies at 61
  • 1913-04-14 Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren), dies at 68
  • 1913-05-18 Otto Reubke, German composer and brother of Julius Reubke, dies at 70
  • 1913-08-13 F August Bebel, German social-democrat, dies

Person of interestRudolf Diesel

1913-09-29 Rudolf Diesel, German engineer (invented the diesel engine), disappears aboard the ship Dresden in the English Channel at 55

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • 1913-10-05 Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • 1913-10-23 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
  • 1914-04-02 Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1830)
  • 1914-04-14 Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist, dies at 58
  • 1914-07-02 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1914-07-11 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau), dies at 83
  • 1914-07-19 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1914-08-19 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1844)
  • 1914-08-23 Felix Fivet, Belgian baby, executed by German troops at 3 weeks
  • 1914-08-27 John Weiss, German new testament, dies
  • 1914-10-30 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), dies fighting in WWI at 31
  • 1914-12-08 Maximilian von Spee, German naval officer (b. 1861)
  • 1914-12-19 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, dies at 87
  • 1915-05-10 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist, dies in battle
  • 1915-06-20 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), dies
  • 1915-08-04 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), dies at 68
  • 1915-09-02 August Stramm, German poet and playwright dies in battle during WWI at 41
  • 1915-09-27 Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • 1915-10-12 Edith L Cavell, British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium (WWII)
  • 1915-12-19 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
  • 1916-01-14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73
  • 1916-01-22 Iwan Knorr, German composer, dies at 63
  • 1916-02-12 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), dies at 84
  • 1916-03-04 Franz Marc, German painter/co-founder (Blaue Reiter), killed at 36
  • 1916-05-11 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), dies at 42
  • 1916-05-11 Max Reger, German composer, pianist and professor (Leipzig Univ), dies at 43
  • 1916-06-18 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German chief general of staff, dies at 67
  • 1916-06-18 Max Immelmann, German pilot (WWI), killed
  • 1916-07-16 Ludwig P Scharwenka, German composer (Album Polonaise), dies at 70
  • 1916-07-27 Charles Fryatt, British capt of SS Brussels, executed by Germans, dies
  • 1916-07-30 Albert Neisser, German physician who discovered the bacterias that cause gonorrhea and leprosy, dies of septicemia at 61
  • 1916-10-28 Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1916-12-16 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, dies at 68
  • 1917-06-27 Gustav von Schmolle, German economist (Historical School), dies at 79
  • 1917-08-20 JFW Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), dies
  • 1917-09-23 Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (b. 1897)

Person of interestMata Hari

1917-10-15 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, executed by firing squad at 41

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari