Ghanaian History

Historical Events

  • 1492-01-19 Supplies to build Portuguese trading post Castelo de São Jorge da Mina (Elmina Castle) arrive on the Gold Coast (now Ghana), first European building south of the Sahara
  • 1665-02-27 Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-admiral De Ruyter beats English
  • 1824-01-22 Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast
  • 1894-02-16 British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
  • 1897-01-26 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
  • 1897-01-27 British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1900-06-23 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • 1900-10-04 In a final confrontation, around 4,000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1901-09-26 Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1942-11-08 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)

Historic Event

1949-06-12 Kwame Nkrumah announces the formation of Ghana's Convention People's Party (CPP), the word "convention" chosen "to carry the masses with us"

  • 1951-02-11 Kwame Nkrumah and his Convention People's Party wins 1st legislative general election in the Gold Coast (Ghana) in a landslide
  • 1957-03-04 Gold Coast officially changes its name to Ghana ahead of its independence
  • 1957-03-06 Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) declares independence from UK

Historic Event

1957-10-10 US President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware

  • 1960-07-01 Ghana becomes a republic
  • 1960-12-05 Ghana drops diplomatic relations with Belgium
  • 1961-06-27 Ghana imposes a total ban on exports to South Africa and South West Africa
  • 1962-08-01 Failed assassination on President Nkrumah of Ghana
  • 1964-01-02 Failed assassination attempt on President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana
  • 1964-01-31 A rigged constitutional referendum in Ghana sees 99.91% vote in favor, turning the country into a one-party state and making Kwame Nkrumah president for life
  • 1966-02-24 Military coup ousts President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana
  • 1966-03-03 Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to exile in Conakry, Guinea
  • 1972-01-13 An army commander stages a bloodless coup in Ghana, while the prime minister is in London
  • 1972-01-31 Military coup ousts civilian government of Ghana
  • 1972-07-09 Kwame Nkrumah is re-buried in Nkroful in his native Ghana
  • 1972-09-08 Jim Ryan (US) & Billy Fordjour (Ghana) collide & fall in qualifying competitions for 1,500m finals, ending Ryan's chances for gold
  • 1979-09-24 Ghana adopts constitution
  • 1981-12-31 Lt Jerry Rawlings becomes head of Ghana, suspends constitution
  • 1983-01-17 Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens, mostly Ghanaians
  • 1992-06-15 Ghana Airways inaugurates flights to JFK Airport (NYC)
  • 1993-01-07 The Fourth Republic of Ghana is inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as President
  • 1993-10-31 25 people killed during Ghana-Ivory Coast soccer match
  • 2001-05-09 Accra Sports Stadium Disaster: 129 Ghanaian football fans die in a stampede caused by the firing of teargas by police following a decision by the referee in a crucial match between arch-rivals Accra Hearts of Oak and Kumasi Asante Kotoko
  • 2010-07-02 FIFA World Cup: Ghana, only African team remaining in last 8, are beaten 4-2 on penalties by Uruguay; Netherlands upset Brazil 2-1
  • 2012-07-24 John Dramani becomes President of Ghana after the death of President John Atta Mills
  • 2012-12-09 Incumbent Ghanaian president John Mahama wins the general election amidst allegations of fraud
  • 2013-04-16 16 people are killed after a gold mine collapses in Kyekyewere, Ghana
  • 2015-06-03 200 people are killed by an explosion at a gasoline station in Accra, Ghana
  • 2016-12-09 Ghanaian Presidential election won by Nana Akufo-Addo of the opposition New Patriotic Party

Historic Event

2018-09-11 Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan lies in state in Accra, Ghana, ahead of a state funeral

Film & TV History

2018-10-02 US First Lady Melania Trump arrives in Ghana to begin a four-nation tour of Africa

Historic Event

2018-11-06 Great Britain's Prince Charles calls slavery "an indelible stain" but stops short of an apology in a speech in Accra, Ghana

  • 2019-11-27 Ghana celebrates the "year of return" marking 300 years since 1st African slave sold in America, by granting 125 people citizenship in special ceremony
  • 2020-12-07 Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo wins a second term in the country's general elections
  • 2021-02-24 United Nations-backed COVAX initiative begins delivering vaccines to middle and low income countries with first AstraZeneca shipment to Ghana

Famous Birthdays

  • 1762-10-21 Herman Willem Daendels, Dutch military leader (Brigadier-General) and politician (Governor-General of Dutch-East Indies, 1808-11; Governor-General of Dutch Gold Coast, 1811-15), born in Hattem, Gelderland, Dutch Republic (d. 1818)
  • 1840-10-17 Yaa Asantewaa, Ghanaian queen of Ashanti Empire, led fight against British colonialism, born in Besease, Ghana (d. 1921) appropriate date
  • 1875-10-18 James E K Aggrey, Ghana, US theologian/educationalist

Kwame Nkrumah

1909-09-21 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60) and 1st President of Ghana (1960-66), born in Nkroful, Gold Coast (Ghana) (d. 1972) [1]

  • 1914-06-10 Polly Hill, British economic anthropologist (studied Cocoa-Farmers Of Southern Ghana) (d. 2005)
  • 1919-05-31 (Emmanual Tettey) "E.T." Mensah, Ghanaian saxophonist, known as the "King of Highlife" music (Accra Rhythmic Orchestra; The Tempos), born in Accra, West Africa (d. 1996)
  • 1924-06-27 Efua Sutherland, Ghanaian writer (Nyamekye), born in Cape Coast, Ghana (d. 1996)
  • 1929-06-06 James Barnor, Ghana's first photojournalist, born in Jamestown, Accra, Gold Coast
  • 1930-09-10 Kenneth Dadzie, Ghanaian diplomat and 1st African Secretary-General of UNCTAD, born in the Gold Coast (d. 1995)
  • 1931-06-07 (Nii Moi) "Speedy" Acquaye, Ghanaian drummer, percussionist and fire-eater (Tubby Hayes; Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames; Ginger Baker's Airforce), born in Accra, Gold Coast (now Ghana) (d. 1993)
  • 1936-01-06 Ebo Taylor, Ghanaian highlife and Afrobeat musician and composer, born in Cape Coast, Gold Coast

Kofi Annan

1938-04-08 Kofi Annan, Ghanaian diplomat and 7th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1997-2006), born in Comassie, Gold Coast (d. 2018)

  • 1938-09-22 Sol Amarfio, Ghanaian drummer and musician (Osibisa), born in Accra, Gold Coast
  • 1944-02-13 Rebop Kwaku Baah, Ghanaian percussionist, born in Konongo, Ghana (d. 1983)
  • 1944-03-29 Nana Akufo-Addo [William Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo], Ghanaian politician, President of Ghana (2017-), born in Accra, Gold Coast
  • 1944-07-21 John Atta Mills, President of Ghana (2009-2012), born in Tarkwa, Gold Coast (d. 2012)
  • 1947-06-22 Jerry Rawlings, Ghanaian Head of State (1981-93) and President of Ghana (1993-2001), born in Accra, Gold Coast (d. 2020)
  • 1958-09-19 Azumah Nelson, Ghanaian professional boxer, born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1962-11-05 Abédi Pelé, Ghanaian footballer (captain of Ghana National Team), born in Kibi, Eastern Region, Ghana
  • 1966-06-06 Tony Yeboah, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1966-09-22 David Adjaye, Ghanaian British architect (Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture), born in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 1968-06-03 Alfred Kotey, Ghanaian boxer (WBO Bantamweight C'ship 1994-95), born in Accra, Ghana (d. 2020)
  • 1975-06-09 Otto Addo, Ghanaian German footballer and manager, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1975-09-05 George Boateng, Dutch footballer, born in Nkawkaw, Ghana
  • 1976-12-12 Lloyd Owusu, English-Ghanaian football player, born in Slough, England
  • 1978-10-03 Gerald Asamoah, German soccer forward (43 caps; Schalke 04 279 games, 44 goals), born in Mampong, Ghana
  • 1979-08-01 Junior Agogo, Ghanaian footballer, born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1979-12-26 Mzbel [Nana Akua Amoah], Ghanaian singer (16 Years, Saucy Girl), born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1980-09-01 Sammy Adjei, Ghanaian soccer goalkeeper (38 caps; FC Ironi Ashdod), born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1980-10-06 Elvis Hammond, Ghanaian footballer (Woking), born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1980-10-24 Matthew Amoah, Ghanaian footballer, born in Tema, Greater Accra, Ghana
  • 1981-03-03 Emmanuel Pappoe, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1982-05-24 Issah Ahmed, Ghanaian football player, born in Dawu, Ghana
  • 1982-07-07 George Owu, Ghanaian footballer, born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1982-12-03 Michael Essien, Ghanaian soccer midfielder (58 caps; Chelsea, Lyon), born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1983-04-14 William Obeng, American football offensive lineman, born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1983-12-10 Habib Mohamed, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1984-08-27 Sulley Muntari, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1985-11-22 Asamoah Gyan, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1989-05-29 Ezekiel Ansah, Ghanaian NFL defensive end (Pro Bowl 2015, Seattle Seahawks), born in Accra, Ghana
  • 1989-06-02 Freddy Adu, Ghanaian-American footballer
  • 1990-12-02 Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu, Ghanaian soccer midfielder (78 caps; Udinese), born in Berekum, Brong-Ahafo, Ghana

Famous Deaths

  • 1818-05-02 Herman Willem Daendels, Dutch military leader (Brigadier-General) and politician (Governor-General of Dutch-East Indies, 1808-11; Governor-General of Dutch Gold Coast, 1811-15), dies at 55
  • 1921-10-17 Yaa Asantewaa, Ghanaian queen of Ashanti Empire, led fight against British colonialism, dies at 80 or 81
  • 1927-07-13 James E K Aggrey, Ghana/US theologist, dies
  • 1938-04-10 Nana Annor Adjaye, Pan-Africanist, dies in W Nzima Ghana

W.E.B. Du Bois

1963-08-27 W. E. B. Du Bois, American civil rights activist, writer (Souls of Black Folk) and co-founder of the NAACP, dies at 95 in Accra, Ghana

Kwame Nkrumah

1972-04-27 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60) and 1st President of Ghana (1960-66), dies of prostate cancer at 62 [1]

  • 1979-06-16 Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong, Ghanaian chief of state (1972-78), executed by firing squad during a coup at 47
  • 1993-09-15 (Nii Moi) "Speedy" Acquaye, Ghanaian drummer, percussionist and fire-eater (Tubby Hayes; Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames; Ginger Baker's Airforce), dies of cancer at 62
  • 1995-10-25 Kenneth Dadzie, Ghanaian diplomat and 1st African Secretary-General of UNCTAD, dies at 65
  • 1996-01-22 Efua Sutherland, Ghanaian writer (Nyamekye), dies at 71
  • 1996-07-19 (Emmanual Tettey) "E.T." Mensah, Ghanaian saxophonist, known as the "King of Highlife" music (Accra Rhythmic Orchestra; The Tempos), dies at 77
  • 1998-01-23 Hilla Limann, president of Ghana in (1979-81), dies at 63
  • 2005-08-21 Polly Hill, British economic anthropologist (studied Cocoa-Farmers Of Southern Ghana), dies at 91
  • 2007-03-20 Hawa Yakubu, Ghanaian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2007-06-27 Patrick Allotey, Ghanaian footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2008-03-06 Peter Poreku Cardinal Dery Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Tamale, Ghana
  • 2008-12-09 Ibrahim Dossey, Ghanaian football player (b. 1972)
  • 2012-07-24 John Atta Mills, Ghanaian President, dies at 68
  • 2020-06-30 Alfred Kotey, Ghanaian boxer (WBO Bantamweight C'ship 1994-95), dies of complications from a stroke at 52
  • 2020-11-12 Jerry Rawlings, Ghanaian Head of State (1981-93) and President of Ghana (1993-2001), dies at 73