Guyana History

Historical Events

Historic Event

1616-03-20 Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana

Historic Event

1627-06-02 English king Charles I establishes Guyana Company

  • 1930-02-25 Brilliant West Indian cricket batsman George Headley completes twin tons (114 & 112) in 3rd Test win against England at Georgetown, British Guiana
  • 1940-08-07 Largest amount paid for a stamp ($45,000 for 1 1856 British Guiana)
  • 1946-03-19 French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France
  • 1953-04-27 1st general elections in British Guiana, won by the People's Progressive Party with Cheddi Jagan first person of Indian descent to be elected head of government outside South Asia

Historic Event

1953-10-09 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aproves Guyanese Constitution

  • 1966-05-26 Guyana (formerly British Guiana) declares independence from UK
  • 1968-10-01 The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
  • 1970-02-23 Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)

Sports History

1971-03-21 Indian cricket great Sunil Gavaskar scores first of his 34 Test Cricket centuries; 116 in drawn 3rd Test at Georgetown, Guyana

  • 1972-04-09 New Zealand cricket opening batsmen Glenn Turner (259) & Terry Jarvis (187) make 387 partnership in 4th Test v WI in Georgetown, Guyana
  • 1978-04-02 Jamaican batsman Basil Williams scores 100 on debut for the West Indies in Australia's 3 wicket 3rd Test victory in Georgetown, Guyana

Murder of Interest

1978-11-18 In Jonestown, Guyana, 918 members of the Peoples Temple are murdered or commit suicide under the leadership of cult leader Jim Jones

  • 1978-11-18 Leo J Ryan, American politician, and 4 others, killed in Jonestown, Guyana by members of Peoples Temple, followed by ritual mass suicide of 914 members of the religious cult
  • 1980-10-06 Guyana adopts constitution
  • 1986-02-12 1st-class cricket debut of Curtly Ambrose, Leeward Is v Guyana
  • 1988-04-02 West Indies cricket fast bowling great Curtly Ambrose makes his debut in 9 wicket 1st Test defeat to Pakistan in Georgetown, Guyana; low key debut with 2-108
  • 1996-01-27 Shiv Chanderpaul scores 303* for Guyana v Jamaica at Kingston
  • 2007-03-28 Sri Lankan cricket fast bowler Lasith Malinga produces unprecedented sequence of 4 wickets in 4 balls, as South Africa scrambles to a 1-wicket Super 8's ICC World Cup win in Guyana

Famous Birthdays

  • 1734-10-07 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (Dutch Guyana)
  • 1803-08-15 James Douglas 'The Father of British Columbia' British Columbian fur trader and politician (1st Governor of British Columbia 1858-64), born in Demerara, Guyana (d. 1877)
  • 1873-03-13 Barbados Joe Walcott, Barbadian boxer (World Welterweight champion 1901-06; first black to hold title), born in Demerara, British Guyana (d. 1935)
  • 1897-07-29 Neil Ritchie, British general (Eighth Army commander WWII) (d. 1983), born in British Guiana (d. 1983)
  • 1902-07-28 Vibart Wight, West Indian cricket batsman (2 Tests; v/c WI first touring team v England 1928), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 1969)
  • 1902-11-03 Charles Jones, West Indian cricket batsman (4 Tests), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 1959)
  • 1904-04-14 Lionel Birkett, West Indian cricket batsman (4 Tests, 1 x 50; Barbados, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago), born in Saint Michael, Barbados (d. 1998)
  • 1907-08-28 Phil Edwards, Canadian-Guyanese runner (Olympic bronze 1928, 32, 36), born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 1971)
  • 1909-05-12 Frank DeCaires, West Indian cricket batsman (3 Tests, 2 x 50; British Guiana), born in British Guiana (d. 1959)
  • 1912-01-27 E. R. Braithwaite, diplomat and writer (To Sir with Love), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2016)
  • 1918-01-10 Arthur Chung, President of Guyana, born in Windsor Great Park, United Kingdom (d. 2008)
  • 1918-03-22 Cheddi Jagan, Guyanese politician, Guyanese Premier (1953, 1957-64) 'Father of the Nation', born in Port Mourant, Guiana (d. 1997)
  • 1920-07-19 Robert Christiani, West Indian cricketer (brother of Cyril WI batsman in 22 Tests), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2005)
  • 1921-03-24 Sir Wilson Harris, Guyanese author (Palace of the Peacock:; Jonestown; The Ghost of Memory), born in New Amsterdam, British Guiana (d. 2018)
  • 1922-02-01 Clifford McWatt, West Indian cricket wicketkeeper (6 Tests, 10 dismissals; British Guiana), born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 1997)
  • 1923-02-20 Forbes Burnham, premier Guyana (1964-85)
  • 1927-06-07 Martin Carter, Guyanese poet and political activist, born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 1997)
  • 1928-10-03 Shridath Ramphal, Guyanese Secretary-General (1975-90), born in New Amsterdam, British Guiana
  • 1929-03-09 Hugh Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese politician and President of Guyana (1985-92), born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 2002)
  • 1930-08-26 Joe Solomon, West Indian cricketer (WI batsman of 50's Cap fell on wkt v Aust), born in Port Mourant, Guyana
  • 1933-09-03 Basil Butcher, West Indies cricket batsman (44 Tests; 3,104 runs @ 43.11), born in Port Mourant, British Guyana (d. 2019)
  • 1934-04-14 Bruce Pairaudeau, West Indian cricketer (WI opening bat in 13 Tests, 115 on debut), born in Georgetown, British Guiana
  • 1934-09-29 Lance Gibbs, West Indian cricket spin bowler (79 Tests, 309 wickets, BB 8/38; British Guyana, South Australia CA, Warwickshire CCC), born in Georgetown, British Guyana
  • 1934-10-31 Norman Beaton, Guyanese actor (Eureka, Black Joy, Mighty Quinn), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 1994)
  • 1937-03-10 Oscar Abrams, Guyanese-born architect and community organizer (Keskidee Centre) (d. 1996)
  • 1937-06-09 Sven Conrad Stayers, Guyana cricketer (WI fast bowler 1962), born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 2005)
  • 1942-03-23 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • 1942-11-11 Roy Fredericks, West Indian cricket batsman (59 Tests @ 42.49, 8 x 100s; British Guyana, Glamorgan CCC), born in East Bank, Guyana (d. 2000)
  • 1944-02-17 Bernie Grant, British politician (Labour), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2000)
  • 1944-08-31 Clive Lloyd, West Indies Cricket Batsman, captain (110 Tests; 7,515 runs @ 46.67, HS 242no; British Guiana, Lancashire CCC), born in Georgetown, British Guiana
  • 1944-11-28 Ronald Bertram "R.B." Greaves, American pop singer ("Take A Letter Maria"), born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 2012)
  • 1945-10-15 Steve Camacho, West Indian cricket batsman, author, administrator (11 Tests, CEO WI Cricket Board), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2015)
  • 1946-05-12 Leonard Baichan, West Indian cricketer (WI opener, 103 v Pakistan on debut 1975), born in Rose Hall, British Guiana
  • 1947-02-23 Shakira Caine, Guyana, actress (Man Who be King)/Miss Guyana (1967)
  • 1948-03-05 (Edmond) "Eddy" Grant, Guyanese–British reggae singer-songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist ("Electric Avenue"), born in Plaisance, British Guiana
  • 1948-09-03 Tara Singh Varma, Dutch politcian (1st black woman in Dutch 2nd Chamber), born in Springlands, British Guiana
  • 1949-03-21 Alvin Kallicharran, West Indian cricket batsman (66 Tests 1972-81 @ 44.43), born in Port Mourant, British Guiana
  • 1952-05-13 Sew Shivnarine, West Indian cricketer (3 Tests for WI 1978, later USA captain), born in Albion, Guyana
  • 1952-12-25 CCH Pounder, Guyanese American actress (ER. The Shield), born in Georgetown, French Guiana
  • 1953-03-15 Colin Croft, West Indian cricket fast bowler, broadcaster (27 Tests, 125 wickets @ 23.30), born in Lancaster Village, Demerara, British Guiana
  • 1954-01-31 Faoud Bacchus, West Indies cricketer (West Indian bat late 70's), born in Georgetown, Guyana
  • 1957-07-08 Clyde Butts, Guyanan cricketer (West Indies off-spinner late eighties), born in Perseverance, Guyana
  • 1958-04-04 Derek Kallicharran, cricket all-rounder (Guyana, USA 1994 ICC Trophy), born in Berbice, Guyana
  • 1958-05-21 Monte Lynch, Guyanese-born English cricketer (Surrey batsman, WI Rebel, England ODI player), born in Plaisance, British Guiana
  • 1961-12-10 Mark McKoy, Canadian track star (world record 50m indoor, Olympic gold 1992), born in Georgetown, British Guiana
  • 1963-03-17 Roger Harper, Guyanese cricketer (West Indies off-spinner), born in Georgetown, Guyana
  • 1966-12-15 Carl Hooper, West Indian cricket all-rounder (102 Tests, 13 x 100s, HS 233, 114 wickets; Demerara, Guyana, Kent CCC, Lancashire CCC), born in Georgetown, Guyana
  • 1968-02-14 Chris Lewis, English cricket all-rounder (32 Tests, 93 wickets; 53 ODIs), born in Georgetown, Guyana
  • 1974-08-18 Shivnarine Chanderpaul, Guyanese cricketer (WI left-handed batsman 1994-), born in Unity Village, Guyana
  • 1975-07-17 Troy Amos Ross, Canadian boxer (Olympics 1996), born in Georgetown, Guyana
  • 1975-10-06 Reon King, West Indian cricketer from Guyana
  • 1975-10-09 Mahendra Nagamootoo, West Indian cricketer (Guyanese leg-spinner), born in Whim, Berbice, Guyana
  • 1978-04-22 Ezekiel Jacskon [Stephens], Guyanese-American professional wrestler (2007-15), born in Linden, Guyana
  • 1980-06-23 Ramnaresh Sarwan, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1986-08-26 SAINt JHN [Carlos St. John Phillips], Guyanese-American rapper, singer and songwriter (Roses), born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • 1993-10-31 Letitia Wright, English actress (Black Panther), born in Georgetown, Guyana

Famous Deaths

  • 1959-02-02 Frank DeCaires, West Indian cricket batsman (3 Tests, 2 x 50; British Guiana), dies at 49
  • 1978-11-18 Leo Ryan, American teacher and politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California, 1973-78), assassinated at 53 in Jonestown, Guyana
  • 1980-06-23 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian (bomanslag), dies
  • 1994-12-13 Norman Beaton, Guyanese actor (Eureka, Black Joy, Mighty Quinn), dies at 60
  • 1997-03-06 Cheddi Jagan, Guyanese politician, 'Father of the Nation' Guyanese Premier (1953, 1957-64) dies at 78
  • 1997-07-20 Clifford McWatt, West Indian cricket wicketkeeper (6 Tests, 10 dismissals; British Guiana), dies in a car crash at 75
  • 1997-12-13 Martin Carter, Guyanese poet and political activist, dies at 70
  • 1998-01-16 Lionel Birkett, West Indian cricket batsman (4 Tests, 1 x 50; Barbados, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago), dies at 92
  • 2000-09-05 Roy Fredericks, West Indian cricket batsman (59 Tests @ 42.49, 8 x 100s; British Guyana, Glamorgan CCC), dies at 57
  • 2002-12-22 Hugh Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese politician and President of Guyana (1985-92), dies at 73
  • 2016-12-05 E. R. Braithwaite, Guyanese diplomat and writer (To Sir with Love), dies at 104
  • 2018-03-08 Sir Wilson Harris, Guyanese author (Palace of the Peacock, Jonestown, The Ghost of Memory), dies of natural causes at 96