Haiti in History

Historical Events


DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1492-12-05 Christopher Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1772-06-06 Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe Dusable settles in Chicago
  • 1790-10-23 Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
  • 1791-08-22 Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
  • 1793-08-29 Slaves in French colony of St Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • 1793-09-20 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794-05-06 Haiti, under Toussaint Louverture, revolts against France

General and Revolutionary Toussaint Louverture
General and Revolutionary
Toussaint Louverture

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1802-08-07 Napoleon orders re-instatement of slavery on St Domingue (Haiti)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1803-11-18 Battle of Vertieres; Haitian population inflict final defeat on French force attempting to quell slave rebellion on colony of Saint-Dominque
  • 1803-11-29 Dessalines & Christophe declare St Domingue (Haiti) independent
  • 1804-01-01 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day), making it the only state ever founded by former slaves and without slavery
  • 1804-03-29 Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti
  • 1806-10-17 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti is assassinated
  • 1822-02-09 Haiti invades the newly founded Dominican Republic.

  • 1844-02-27 Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
  • 1869-04-16 Ebenezer Bassett, 1st African American diplomat, begins service as Minister to Haiti
  • 1874-11-03 James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
  • 1877-09-27 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
  • 1885-05-07 John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889-07-01 Frederick Douglass named US Minister to Haiti

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1891-09-03 John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • 1897-06-17 William Frank Powell, NJ educator, named minister to Haiti
  • 1905-11-23 Henry Watson Furness, an American physician from Indiana is named US minister to Haiti
  • 1908-12-04 Haiti's president General Alexis Nord flees from military coup
  • 1911-08-02 Haiti's dictator Simon flees on US warship near Jamaica
  • 1911-08-14 General Leconte appointed temporary President of Haiti
  • 1914-02-08 General Zamon becomes President of Haiti
  • 1915-01-27 US Marines occupy Haiti

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915-07-28 Because of virtual anarchy, US Marines go ashore in Haiti on orders from President Woodrow Wilson; this will lead to an occupation that will last until 1934

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1915-09-16 US takes control of customs & finances of Haiti for 10 years
  • 1928-09-09 Silvio Cator of Haiti, sets then long jump record at 26' ½"
  • 1934-08-06 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915
  • 1934-08-16 US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915)
  • 1935-10-25 Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie & Jacmel Haiti

  • 1947-10-01 US control of Haitian customs & governmental revenue ends

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1954-09-25 Francois "Doc" Duvalier wins Haitian presidential election

Dictator and President of Haiti François Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
François Duvalier
  • 1963-10-03 Hurricane hits Haiti; about 5,000 die & 100,000 injured
  • 1963-10-04 -8] Hurricane Flora, kills 6,000 in Cuba & Haiti
  • 1963-10-07 Hurricane Flora hits Haiti & Dominican Republic, kills 7,190
  • 1963-10-09 Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba & Haiti, kills 6,000
  • 1968-05-24 Haiti closes down shortwave station 4VEH for 40 days
  • 1983-08-27 Haiti adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986-02-07 Haiti's President-for-Life Jean-Claude Duvalier flees to France: Henri Namphy becomes leader of Haiti

Dictator and President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 1986-12-07 President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees Haiti
  • 1987-09-11 Shoot out at Jean-Bertrand Aristides' church in Haiti, 12 die
  • 1988-01-17 Leslie Manigay elected President of Haiti
  • 1988-06-19 Namphy takes control of Haitian government
  • 1988-06-20 Coup in Haiti: Henri Namphy overthrows Leslie Manigat, general assembly dissolved
  • 1988-09-18 Coup in Haiti: General Prosper Avril takes control, Henri Namphy flees
  • 1990-03-10 Prosper Avril resigns as President of Haiti
  • 1990-12-16 Rev. Jean-Bertrand Aristide elected President of Haiti
  • 1991-02-07 Jean-Bertrand Aristide sworn in as Haiti's 1st elected president
  • 1991-09-30 Rev Jean Betrand Aristide ousted as president of Haiti
  • 1991-10-10 US cuts all foreign aid to Haiti

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992-05-23 US President George H. W. Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1993-02-17 Haitian ferry boat capsize in storm, 800-2,000 die
  • 1993-06-08 Premier Marc Bazin of Haiti resigns
  • 1993-06-23 United Nations authorizes worldwide oil embargo against Haiti
  • 1993-10-11 US warship Harlan County anchors off Port-au-Prince Haiti
  • 1993-10-19 UN authorizes arms, military and police supply embargo against Haiti
  • 1993-12-15 Haitian premier Robert Malval resigns
  • 1994-02-15 US asks Aristide to adopt a peace plan from Haiti
  • 1994-04-23 Army shoots to death 23-40 fishermen in Gonaives, Haiti
  • 1994-07-05 The United States announces it will no longer accept unrestricted immigration from Haiti
  • 1994-07-31 UN votes 12-0 (2 abstentions) to authorize use of force against Haiti
  • 1994-09-19 3,000 US militia lands on Haiti
  • 1994-10-10 Lt-general Raoul Cedras resigns as dictator of Haiti
  • 1994-10-15 President Jean-Baptiste Aristide returns to Haiti
  • 1994-11-08 Haitian government of Smarck Michel forms
  • 1996-01-11 Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 2004-02-05 Rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaïves, starting the 2004 Haiti rebellion
  • 2004-02-29 Jean-Bertrand Aristide resigns as President of Haiti following popular rebel uprising.
  • 2004-09-23 At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne

HaitiEarthquake Devastates Haiti

2010-01-12 Earthquake devastates Haiti, killing approximately 160,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince

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UN forces patrol the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince after a calamitous earthquake on January 12, 2010 killed as many as 200,000 people
UN forces patrol the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince after a calamitous earthquake on January 12, 2010 killed as many as 200,000 people
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  • 2012-10-25 Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in Cuba and Haiti killing 65 people and causing over $80 million in damage
  • 2014-05-13 Unidentified shipwreck is discovered off the northern coast of Haiti by marine archaeologist Barry Clifford

Famous Birthdays

  • 1767-10-06 Henri Christophe, President of Haiti (1807-11) and King of Haiti (1811-20), born in Grenada (d. 1820)

Person of interestJohn James Audubon

1785-04-26 John James Audubon, American ornithologist and painter (The Birds of America), born in Les Cayes, Haiti (d. 1851)

Ornithologist John James Audubon
Ornithologist
John James Audubon
  • 1900-10-09 Silvio Cator, Haitian athlete and long jumper (Olympic silver 1928), born in Cavaellon, Haiti (d. 1952)

Person of interestFrançois Duvalier

1907-04-14 François Duvalier "Papa Doc", Dictator and President of Haiti (1957-71), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 1971)

Dictator and President of Haiti François Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
François Duvalier
  • 1907-06-04 Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (Gouverneurs de la Rosée), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 1944)
  • 1929-03-04 Bernard Haitink, Dutch conductor (Concertgebouw, 1961-88; London Philharmonic, 1967-79; Royal Opera Covent Garden, 1987-2002), born in Amsterdam, Nethetlands
  • 1932-11-02 Henri Namphy, President of Haiti (1986-88), born in Cap-Haïtien, Haiti
  • 1936-08-25 Max Beauvoir, Haiti Chief Voodoo Priest, born in Haiti (d. 2015)
  • 1937-03-29 Smarck Michel, Haitian Prime Minister (1994-95), born in Saint-Marc, Haiti (d. 2012)

Person of interestRené Préval

1943-01-17 René Préval, President of Haiti (1996-2001, 2006-2011), born in Port-au-Prince (d. 2017)

President of Haiti René Préval
President of Haiti
René Préval

Person of interestJean-Claude Duvalier

1951-07-03 Jean-Claude Duvalier "Baby Doc", Haitian dictator and deposed Haitian president-for-life (1971-86) infamous for his brutality, born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 2014)

Dictator and President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 1953-07-15 Jean-Bertrand Aristide, president of Haiti (1991, 1994- )
  • 1960-12-22 Jean-Michel Basquiat, American artist (Gray, SAMO), born in Brooklyn, NYC, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1966-11-26 Garcelle Beauvais, Haitian fashion model and actress (The Jamie Foxx Show), born in Saint-Marc, Haiti
  • 1967-07-12 Bruny Surin, Cap Haitien Haiti, Canadian 4X100m sprinter (Olympic gold 1996)
  • 1969-01-19 Edwidge Danticat, Haitian-American author, born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti
  • 1969-10-17 Wyclef Jean, Haitian-American rapper and singer-songwriter, born in Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1980-05-27 President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier (28) weds Michele Bennett in Haiti

Dictator and President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier

Famous Deaths


Person of interestToussaint Louverture

1803-04-07 Toussaint Louverture, Haitian general, revolutionary and most famous of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, dies while in prison in France at about 59

General and Revolutionary Toussaint Louverture
General and Revolutionary
Toussaint Louverture
  • 1806-10-17 Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti, dies
  • 1816-05-29 Madame Louverture, widow of Haiti's leader Toussaint Louverture, dies
  • 1915-07-28 Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, Haitian rebellion leader, President of Haiti (1915), lynched by a mob at 56
  • 1953-07-20 Dumarsaid Estime, President of Haiti (b. 1900)

Person of interestFrançois Duvalier

1971-04-21 François Duvalier "Papa Doc", Dictator and President of Haiti (1957-71), dies of heart disease and diabetes at 64

Dictator and President of Haiti François Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
François Duvalier
  • 1993-09-11 Antoine Izmery, Haitian businessman/advisor to pres Aristide, murdered
  • 1993-10-14 Guy Malary, Haitian lawyer/minister of Justice, murdered at 50
  • 1994-08-28 Jean-Marie Vincent, Haitian pater, murdered
  • 1994-08-29 Jean-Marie Vincent, Haitian Catholic priest, shot dead
  • 1995-10-24 Emile Jonassaint, president of Haiti (1994), dies at 82
  • 2010-06-16 Marc Bazin, Haitian politician (b. 1932)
  • 2012-09-01 Smarck Michel, Haitian Prime Minister (1994-95), dies from a brain tumour

Person of interestJean-Claude Duvalier

2014-10-04 Jean-Claude Duvalier "Baby Doc", Haitian dictator and deposed Haitian president-for-life (1971-86) infamous for his brutality, dies of a heart attack at 63

Dictator and President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 2015-09-12 Max Beauvoir, Haiti Chief Voodoo Priest, dies at 79