Hungarian History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 273

  • 0955-08-10 Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, King of the Germans defeats the Hungarian, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of Western Europe.
  • 1000-08-20 The foundation of the Hungarian state, Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.
  • 1000-12-25 Monarch Istvan crowned king of Hungary
  • 1044-07-06 The Battle of Ménfő takes place in Hungary, won by a German force led by Peter Orseolo over Hungarians
  • 1060-12-06 Béla I of Hungary is crowned king of Hungary
  • 1241-04-11 Battle of Mohi: Mongols led by Batu and Subedei defeat Hungarian King Béla IV in the major battle in during Mongolian invasion of Hungary, with 30,000 Hungarians slain
  • 1246-06-15 Battle at Leitha: Hungary-Austrian
  • 1330-11-09 Battle of Posada, Wallachian voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush
  • 1387-02-24 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda
  • 1408-12-12 Order of the Dragon: The Order of the Dragon was first created on December 12, 1408 by Emperor Sigismund, then King of Hungary, and his wife Queen Barbara of Celje following the battle for possession of Bosnia.
  • 1438-01-01 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes King of Hungary
  • 1448-10-17 Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
  • 1456-07-22 Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats Sultan Murad II
  • 1458-01-24 Matthias I Corvinus chosen King of Hungary
  • 1467-01-30 Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hungarian king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici
  • 1467-12-15 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, with the latter being injured thrice, at the Battle of Baia
  • 1485-06-01 Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III

Victory in Battle

1526-08-29 Battle of Mohács: In a decisive battle the Hungarian Empire is conquered by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent

  • 1526-11-09 Jews are expelled from Pressburg (Bratislava), Hungary, by Maria of Hapsburg
  • 1526-11-10 John I Zapolyai of Transsylvania chosen as king of Hungary
  • 1527-11-03 Ferdinand of Austria and Bohemia chosen as king of Hungary
  • 1528-02-24 John Zápolya the disputed King of Hungary and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign treaty
  • 1529-05-27 30 Jews of Posing, Hungary, charged with blood ritual, burned at stake
  • 1531-01-31 King Ferdinand of Austria and King John Zapolya of Hungary officially recognise each other
  • 1538-02-24 Treaty of Nagyvarad/Peace of Grosswardein signed between Ferdinand I of Austria and John Zápolya of Hungary.
  • 1539-02-19 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1540-07-23 Turkey recognizes John Sigismund Zápolya as vassal king of Hungary
  • 1541-08-21 Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Magnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom and go on to dominate central Hungary for 150 years
  • 1544-05-01 Turkish troops occupy Hungary
  • 1551-07-19 Treaty of Karlsburg: arch duke Ferdinand of Austria recognized as King of Hungary/Transsylvania

Historic Event

1556-09-15 Charles V and Maria of Hungary return to Spain and retired to the Monastery of Yuste in Extremadura

Treaty of Interest

1570-08-16 King of Hungary John Sigismund Zápolyai signs secret treaty with Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II

  • 1596-10-24 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1607-06-25 Mentally ill Emperor Rudolf II signs Treaty of Lieben, giving up Austria, Hungary and Moravia

Historic Event

1610-12-30 Hungarian aristocrat Elizabeth Báthory arrested at Csejte Castle on suspicion of killing and torturing hundreds of young girls and women

  • 1611-01-07 Trial of Hungarian aristocrat Elizabeth Báthory for killing and torturing hundreds of young women, later sentenced to house arrest for the rest of her life
  • 1619-09-15 Prince Bethlen Gabor's troops occupy Pozsony (Pressburg) Hungary

Historic Event

1620-02-04 Prince Bethlen Gabor of Hungary signs peace with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II

  • 1621-12-31 Hungarian King Bethlen Gabor and Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II sign the Treaty of Mikulov
  • 1624-05-08 Hungarian King Bethlen Gabor & Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1681-11-09 Hungarian parliament promises protestants freedom of religion
  • 1687-08-12 Battle of Mohacs: Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed by forces of Holy Roman Emperor under Charles of Lorraine
  • 1687-10-11 Hungary accepts Habsburg sovereignty
  • 1705-10-01 Parliament declares Hungary independently/French Rákóczi becomes king
  • 1707-06-13 Hungary declares itself independent under Ferenc Rákóczi II (aka Francis II Rákóczi)
  • 1708-08-03 Battle at Trencsén: Austria beats Hungarian rebellion army
  • 1711-05-01 Archduke Karel of Austria/Hungarian rebellion sign Peace of Szatmar

Historic Event

1722-06-30 Hungarian Parliament condemns Emperor Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanctions

  • 1723-12-06 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanction with the Diet of Hungary recognizes the King's daughters as successors
  • 1740-10-20 Maria Theresa becomes ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
  • 1741-09-11 Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament
  • 1787-08-17 Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups
  • 1794-08-16 Hungarian revolutionary Ignác Martinovics arrested in Vienna
  • 1846-06-24 Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished
  • 1848-03-15 A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • 1848-04-11 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand of Austria
  • 1848-09-29 Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence

Historic Event

1848-12-02 Franz Joseph I becomes Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia

  • 1849-04-14 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader
  • 1849-08-09 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
  • 1849-10-06 The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1851-04-15 Earl G Andressy sentenced to death in Hungary
  • 1866-04-08 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1867-02-08 The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary
  • 1867-02-17 Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1867-06-12 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms
  • 1873-11-17 Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • 1879-10-07 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • 1881-06-16 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • 1882-05-20 Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy sign the Triple Alliance
  • 1883-05-15 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1883-10-30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1884-12-24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1885-11-27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • 1887-02-20 Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
  • 1887-12-10 Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty

Lovesick Prince in Suicide Pact

1889-01-30 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling in an apparent suicide pact

  • 1896-02-14 Austro-Hungarian Zionist Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat" (The Jewish State), encouraging Jews to purchase land in Palestine
  • 1896-04-11 Hungarian swimmer Alfréd Hajós beats Otto Herschmann of Austria by 0.6s to win the inaugural Olympic 100m freestyle final in 1:22.2 at the Athens Games; also takes out the 1,200m on the same day
  • 1901-01-31 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, dissolved on September 7, 1900, by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections sees the defeat of extremists
  • 1901-02-04 Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Joseph I, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform
  • 1902-06-28 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • 1905-02-01 Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1908-05-07 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • 1908-10-07 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • 1909-02-16 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
  • 1910-03-27 Fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312
  • 1911-07-31 Hungarian education is only taught in German
  • 1912-12-16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
  • 1914-07-23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours making peacekeeping difficult
  • 1914-07-25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-07-25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing
  • 1914-07-28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • 1914-07-29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • 1914-08-05 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-12 France and Great Britain declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-12-15 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 724

  • 1040-06-27 Ladislaus I, King of Hungary, born in Kingdom of Poland (d. 1095)
  • 1239-10-18 Stefanus V, prince of Transylvania/king of Hungary (1270-72)
  • 1278-04-17 Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Byzantine Emperor (1295-1320), eldest son of Andronikos II Palaiologos and Anna of Hungary, born in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire (d. 1320)
  • 1289-10-06 Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, King of Hungary (1301-05) and King of Bohemia and Poland (1305-06), born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1306)
  • 1326-03-05 Louis I [the Great], King of Hungary (1342-82), Poland (1370-82)
  • 1397-08-16 Albrecht II von Habsburg, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Germany, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1439)
  • 1424-10-31 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1434-08-29 Janus Pannonius, Hungarian poet and translator, born in Čazma, Croatia (d. 1472)
  • 1440-02-22 Ladislaus V Posthumus, King of Hungary/Bohemia
  • 1443-02-23 Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary and Croatia (1458-1490) created the Bibliotheca Corviniana, born in Kolozsvár, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1490)
  • 1456-03-01 Wladyslaw Jagiello, king of Bohemia/Hungary (1471/90-1516)
  • 1503-07-23 Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, Queen of the Romans, born in Buda, Hungary (d. 1547)
  • 1505-09-15 Maria, Queen of Hungary as wife of Louis II and Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (1531-55), born in Brussels (d. 1558)
  • 1506-07-01 Louis II, King of Hungary and Bohemia (1516-26), born in Buda, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1526)
  • 1519-01-18 Isabella Jagiełło, Queen consort and regent of Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1559)
  • 1540-07-07 John Sigismund Zápolya, King of Hungary as John II (1540-51, 1556-70) who ruled parts of the Kingdom of Hungary with support from the Ottomans, born in Buda, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1571)

Elizabeth Báthory

1560-08-07 Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian countess and the world's most prolific female serial killer, born in Nyírbátor, Hungary (d. 1614)

  • 1570-10-04 Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman, born in Nagyvárad, Principality of Transylvania (d. 1637)

Ferdinand II

1578-07-09 Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia & Hungary and German Emperor (1619-37), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1637)

  • 1585-10-04 Anna of Tyrol, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia (1611-18), born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1606-08-18 Maria Anna of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress and Queen of Hungary, born in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain (d. 1646)
  • 1608-07-13 Ferdinand III, King of Hungary & Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor (1637-57), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1657)
  • 1635-09-07 Paul Esterhazy, Hungarian prince, composer and patron, born in Eisenstadt (d. 1713)
  • 1660-02-13 Johann Sigismund Kusser, Hungarian German composer, born in Pressburg, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1727)
  • 1676-03-27 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, born in Borsi, Royal Hungary (d. 1735)
  • 1691-06-14 Jan Francisci, Slovakorganist and composer born in Neusohl, Kingdom of Hungary (now Banská Bystrica, Slovakia) (d. 1758)
  • 1710-10-16 Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1790)
  • 1718-10-28 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer, born in Kottori, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1793)
  • 1724-02-29 Eva Marie Veigel [La Violette], Austrian ballet dancer and wife of actor David Garrick, born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1822)
  • 1746-09-20 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, born in Verbó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1786)
  • 1754-06-04 Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer, born in Pest, Hungary (d. 1832)
  • 1757-04-03 Ferenc Verseghy, Hungarian poet and composer, born in Szolnok, Hungary (d. 1822)
  • 1759-11-20 Nikolaus Paul Zmeskall, Hungarian cellist and composer, baptized in Leštiny (d. 1833)
  • 1763-05-11 János Batsányi, Hungarian poet (d. 1845)
  • 1764-07-05 János Lavotta, Hungarian violinist and composer, born in Pusté Úľany, Slovakia (d. 1820)
  • 1766-03-28 Joseph Weigl, German-Austrian composer (La Principessa d’Amalfi; Emmeline), and conductor, born in Eisenstadt, Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1846)
  • 1775-02-09 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (parallel axiom)
  • 1777-04-18 Ignac Ruzitska, Austrian composer, born in Bazin, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1833)
  • 1777-06-15 János Fusz, Hungarian-German composer, born in Tolna, Hungary (d. 1819)
  • 1778-11-14 Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian piano virtuoso and composer, born in Pressburg, Kingdom of Hungary (now Bratislava, Slovakia) (d. 1837)
  • 1784-03-27 Alexander Csoma de Kőrös, Hungarian Tibetan scholar (first Tibetan-English Dictionary), born in Kőrös, Transylvania (d. 1842)
  • 1787-12-14 Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia, born in Monza, Duchy of Milan (d. 1816)
  • 1788-02-05 Karoly Kisfaludy, Hungarian literary (A Tat rok Magyarorsz gon)
  • 1792-02-08 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1873)
  • 1792-02-23 Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor
  • 1795-03-23 Leopold Jansa, Bohemian violinist, composer, and teacher, born in Wildenschwert, Austria-Hungary (now Ústí nad Orlicí, Czech Republic) (d. 1875)
  • 1797-11-23 Gábor Mátray, Hungarian composer and musicologist, born in Nagykata, Hungary (d. 1875)
  • 1800-01-11 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (d. 1895)
  • 1800-12-17 Gergely Czuczor, Hungarian-Czech poet and translator (Great Hung dictionary), born in Andód (d. 1866)
  • 1802-08-13 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian-German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), born in Lenauheim, Banat, Romania (d. 1850)
  • 1802-09-19 Lajos Kossuth, Governor-President of Hungary (1849), born in Monok, Hungary (d. 1894)
  • 1802-12-15 Janos Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), born in Kolozsvár, Hungary (d. 1860)
  • 1803-09-19 Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, born in Palazzo Colonna, Rome, Papal States (d. 1884)
  • 1804-01-31 Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic
  • 1804-06-24 Stephan Endlicher, Austrian botanist, born in Pressburg (Pozsony), Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1849)
  • 1804-07-14 Ludwig von Benedek, Hungarian born Austrian general (battle of Königgrätz), born in Sopron, Kingdom of Hungary Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1806-02-14 Lajos, Count Batthyany, 1st Prime Minister of Hungary, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1808-12-29 Györg Apponyi, Hungarian politician, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1899)
  • 1810-11-07 Ferenc Erkel, Hungarian composer (Himnusz), born in Gyula (d. 1893)
  • 1810-12-01 Joseph Gungl, Austro-Hungarian bandleader and composer of dances and marches, born in Zsámbék, Hungary (d. 1889)

Franz Liszt

1811-10-22 Franz Liszt, Hungarian romantic composer and virtuoso pianist (Faust Symphony), born in Raiding, Hungary (d. 1886)

  • 1811-12-18 Alexander Sandor Asboth, Hungarian-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Keszthely, Hungary (d. 1868)
  • 1813-05-15 Stephen Heller, Hungarian composer and pianist, born in Pest (d.1888)
  • 1814-03-08 Ede Szigligeti [József Szathmáry], Hungarian dramatist, born in Nagyvárad-Olaszi (d. 1878)
  • 1814-04-21 Béni Egressy, Hungarian composer, librettist, and actor, born in Kazincbarcika, Hungary (d. 1851)
  • 1815-09-04 Mihály Mosonyi, Hungarian composer, born in Boldogasszony, Austria-Hungary (d. 1870)
  • 1817-03-02 Janos Arany, Hungarian epic poet (Toldi, Death of King Buda)
  • 1817-08-13 Károly Thern, Hungarian composer, born in Spišská Nová Ves, Slovakia (d. 1886)
  • 1818-07-01 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1865)
  • 1820-02-13 (Albert) Béla Kéler, Hungarian composer, and conductor, born in Bártfa, Kingdom of Hungary (now Bardejov, Slovakia) (d. 1882)
  • 1823-01-01 Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet (A virágnak megtiltani nem lehet - You Cannot Forbid the Flower), and revolutionary, born Kiskőrös, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1823-03-03 Gyula Andrássy Sr, Prime Minister of Hungary (1867-71), born in Kassa, Austrian Empire (d. 1890)
  • 1825-01-21 Imre Madách, Hungarian writer (d. 1864)
  • 1825-11-05 Julius H [Szamvald] Stahel, Hungarian-American diplomat, mining engineer, and Major General (Union Army), born in Szeged, Hungary (d. 1912)
  • 1828-01-17 Eduard Remenyi, Hungarian violinist (d. 1898)
  • 1830-05-18 (Károly) "Karl" Goldmark, Hungarian-Viennese violinist and composer (Rustic Wedding Symphony; The Queen of Sheba; Sakuhtala), born in Keszthely, KIngdom of Hungary (d. 1915)

Franz Joseph I

1830-08-18 Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (1848-1916), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1916)

  • 1831-06-28 Joseph Joachim, German violinist (Hungarian Concerto), born in Köpcsény, Moson County, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1907)
  • 1833-02-22 Josef Foerster, Czech composer and music teacher, born in Osenice, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1907)
  • 1834-02-26 Aleksander Zarzycki, Polish composer (Warsaw Music Society), born in Lviv, Austria-Hungary (d. 1895)
  • 1835-10-01 Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician, born in Albertirsa, Pest, Hungary (d. 1920)
  • 1836-08-23 Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians, born in Buda Castle, Budapest, Hungary (d. 1902)
  • 1842-07-04 Gyula Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, born in Pest (d. 1909)
  • 1842-09-13 Ödön Mihalovich, Hungarian composer, born in Fericsánci, Slavonia (d. 1929)
  • 1843-04-04 Hans Richter, Austrian-Hungarian composer, born in Raab, Kingdom of Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1843-11-02 Elek Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, born in Pest (d. 1893)
  • 1843-11-23 Josef Sucher, Hungarian composer and conductor (Aus alten Märchen), born in Döbör, Hungary
  • 1843-11-30 József Kiss, Hungarian literary (Zsido Dalok), born in Mezőcsát, Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1845-06-07 Leopold von Auer, Hungarian-American violinist, born in Veszprém, Hungary (d. 1930)
  • 1846-01-02 Sandor Erkel, Hungarian composer and son of Ferenc Erkel, born in Pest (d. 1900)
  • 1846-05-29 Albert Apponyi, Hungarian politician (Minister of Religion and Education of Hungary), born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1933)

Joseph Pulitzer

1847-04-10 Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-American publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World) and Democratic politician whose bequest founded the Columbia School of Journalism and the Pulitzer Prize, born in Makó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1911)

  • 1848-07-27 [Roland] Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist (introduced idea of molecular surface tension), born in Buda, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1849-07-23 Géza Zichy, Hungarian composer and one-armed pianist, born at Sztára Castle (d. 1924)
  • 1849-11-22 Fritz Mauthner, Austro-Hungarian novelist & critic, born in Hořice, Czech Republic (d. 1923)
  • 1852-11-11 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Penzing, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1854-05-05 Antonio Smareglia, Italian composer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)
  • 1854-11-27 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), born in Groß Skal, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1855-04-09 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, born in Kuzmice, Topoľčany District, Slovakia (d. 1889)
  • 1855-09-09 Anthony Francis Lucas, Croatian-American oil exploration pioneer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)

Famous Weddings

  • 1515-07-22 Louis of Hungary (9) marries Maria of Bohemia & succession to Hungarian throne
  • 1932-08-03 Austro-Hungarian-American theatre and film director Otto Preminger (26) weds Marion Mill; divorce in 1949
  • 1938-04-28 King Zog of Albania marries Countess Geraldine of Hungary

Jayne Mansfield

1958-01-13 American actress Jayne Mansfield (24) weds Hungarian-American bodybuilder Mickey Hargitay (32) at the Wayfarers Chapel in Rancho Palos Verdes, California; divorce in 1964


Famous Divorces

Jayne Mansfield

1964-08-26 American actress Jayne Mansfield and Hungarian-American bodybuilder Mickey Hargitay's Mexican divorce is recognized by the state of California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 398

  • 0937-07-14 Arnulf 'the Bad', Duke of Bavaria (fought back Hungarian invaders)
  • 1031-09-02 Saint Emeric of Hungary [Prince Emeric], killed by a boar at 24
  • 1038-08-15 Stefanus I [Arpad], 1st king of Hungary, dies
  • 1077-04-24 Geza I, King of Hungary (1074-7), dies
  • 1095-07-29 Ladislaus I, King of Hungary, dies at 55
  • 1116-02-03 King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)
  • 1131-03-01 Stephen II, King of Hungary (1116-31), dies at 42
  • 1134-08-13 Irene of Hungary [Piroska], Byzantine empress, dies at 46
  • 1141-02-13 Béla II of Hungary (b. 1110)
  • 1162-05-13 Géza II, King of Hungary and Croatia (1141-62)
  • 1163-01-14 Ladislaus I Arpad, king of Hungary (1162-63), dies
  • 1172-03-04 Stephan III, King of Hungary (1162-72), dies; (b. 1147)
  • 1205-05-07 Ladislaus III Arpad, King of Hungary (1204-05), dies at 5 or 6
  • 1213-09-24 Gertrude of Merania, wife of Andrew II of Hungary (murdered) (b. 1185)
  • 1231-11-17 Elisabeth of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1207)
  • 1235-10-26 Andres II Arpad, King of Hungary (1205-35), dies
  • 1270-05-03 King Béla IV of Hungary (b. 1206)
  • 1272-08-06 Stefanus V, prince of Transylvania/king of Hungary (1270-72), dies
  • 1290-07-10 King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
  • 1301-01-14 Andrew III, Venetian King of Hungary and Croatia (1290-1301), dies at 50 ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary
  • 1306-08-04 Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, King of Hungary (1301-05) and King of Bohemia and Poland (1305-06), stabbed to death at 16
  • 1320-10-12 Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Byzantine Emperor (1295-1320), eldest son of Andronikos II Palaiologos and Anna of Hungary, dies at 43
  • 1342-07-16 King Charles I of Hungary
  • 1342-07-26 Charles I Robert van Anjou, King of Hungary (1307-42), dies
  • 1371-09-26 Vlkasin, Hungarian general/co-king of Serbia, dies
  • 1382-09-10 Louis I, the Great, King of Hungary/Poland, dies
  • 1439-10-27 Albert II of Germany, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia, dies at about 42
  • 1444-11-10 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, dies in battle at 20
  • 1456-08-11 Janos Hunyadi, Hungarian general strategist, dies at about 49
  • 1457-11-23 Ladislaus V Posthumus, king of Hungary and Bohemia, dies at 17
  • 1472-03-27 Janus Pannonius, Hungarian poet and translator, dies at 37
  • 1490-04-06 Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary and Croatia (1458-1490) created the Bibliotheca Corviniana, dies at 47
  • 1521-06-15 Tamás Bakócz, Hungarian Catholic cardinal and statesman (b. 1442)
  • 1526-08-29 Louis II, King of Hungary and Bohemia, dies in accident at 20
  • 1540-07-21 John I Zapolyai, prince of Transsylvania/king of Hungary, dies
  • 1541-01-06 Bernard van Orley, Flemish royal painter of Hungary, dies at about 52
  • 1547-01-27 Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, Queen of the Romans, dies at 43
  • 1558-10-18 Maria, Queen of Hungary as wife of Louis II and Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (1531-55), dies at 53
  • 1559-09-15 Isabella Jagiełło, Queen consort and regent of Hungary, dies of a long illness at 40
  • 1563-02-02 Hans Neusiedler, Hungarian/German luitist/author, dies at approx 54
  • 1571-03-14 John Sigismund Zápolya, King of Hungary as John II (1540-51, 1556-70) who ruled parts of the Kingdom of Hungary with support from the Ottomans, dies at 30
  • 1576-08-15 (Valentin) Bálint Bakfark, Hungarian lutenist, and composer, dies of the plague at about 70
  • 1579-11-15 Ferenc Dávid, Hungarian religious reformer (b. 1510)
  • 1629-11-15 Bethlen Gabor, King of Hungary (1620-29), dies at 49

Ferdinand II

1637-02-15 Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia & Hungary and German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58

  • 1637-03-19 Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman, dies at 66
  • 1654-07-09 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, Bohemia and Hungary, dies of smallpox at 20
  • 1657-04-02 Ferdinand III, King of Hungary & Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor (1637-57), dies at 48
  • 1713-03-26 Paul Esterhazy, Hungarian prince, composer and patron, dies at 77
  • 1735-04-08 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, dies at 59
  • 1780-11-29 Maria Theresa Hapsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Croatia (1740-1780), dies following illness at 63
  • 1790-03-12 Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1795-05-20 Ignác Martinovics, Hungarian physicist/revolutionary, beheaded
  • 1816-04-07 Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia, dies at 28
  • 1819-03-09 János Fusz, Hungarian-German composer, dies at 41
  • 1820-08-11 János Lavotta, Hungarian violinist and composer, dies at 56
  • 1822-12-15 Ferenc Verseghy, Hungarian poet and composer, dies at 65
  • 1842-04-11 Alexander Csoma de Kőrös, Hungarian Tibetan scholar (first Tibetan-English Dictionary), dies at 58
  • 1845-05-12 János Bacsanyi, Hungarian poet (b. 1763)
  • 1849-07-31 Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet (A virágnak megtiltani nem lehet - You Cannot Forbid the Flower), and revolutionary, last seen alive at the Battle of Segesvár (Transylvania), presumed killed in action at 26
  • 1849-10-06 Lajos, Count Batthyany, 1st Prime Minister of Hungary, executed by firing squad at 42
  • 1850-08-22 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian-German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), dies at 48
  • 1851-07-17 Béni Egressy, Hungarian composer, librettist, and actor, dies at 37
  • 1856-07-04 Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 1856-11-20 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1858-03-03 Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic, dies at 54
  • 1860-01-27 János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), dies at 57
  • 1865-08-13 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, dies at 47
  • 1866-09-09 Gergely Czuczor, Hungarian-Czech poet and translator (Great Hung dictionary), dies at 65
  • 1870-10-31 Mihály Mosonyi, Hungarian composer, dies at 55
  • 1875-07-17 Gábor Mátray, Hungarian composer and musicologist, dies at 77
  • 1882-10-22 Janos Arany, Hungarians poet (Toldi Szerelme), dies at 65
  • 1882-11-20 (Albert) Béla Kéler, Hungarian composer, and conductor, dies at 62
  • 1884-05-04 Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, dies at 80
  • 1886-04-13 Károly Thern, Hungarian composer, pianist, and arranger, dies at 68

Franz Liszt

1886-07-31 Franz Liszt, Hungarian romantic composer and virtuoso pianist (Faust Symphony), dies of heart disease at 74

  • 1888-01-14 Stephen Heller, Hungarian composer and pianist, dies at 74

Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria

1889-01-30 Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph, Crown Prince of Austria and heir apparent to the Imperial throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, dies at 30 in a suicide pact with his mistress, Mary Freiin von Vetsera, at the Mayerling hunting lodge

  • 1889-02-01 Joseph Gungl, Austro-Hungarian bandmaster and composer of dances and marches, dies at 78
  • 1889-07-11 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, dies at 34
  • 1890-02-18 Gyula Andrássy Sr, Prime Minister of Hungary (1867-71), dies at 66
  • 1892-05-17 Gyorgy Klapka, Hungarian general/parliament leader, dies at 72
  • 1893-04-30 Gyula Beliczay, Hungarian composer and teacher, dies at 57
  • 1893-06-10 Elek Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, dies at 49
  • 1893-06-15 Ferenc Erkel, Hungarian composer (Himnusz), dies at 82
  • 1894-03-20 Lajos Kossuth, Governor-President of Hungary (1849), dies at 91
  • 1895-12-13 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)

Johannes Brahms

1897-04-03 Johannes Brahms, German composer and conductor (Hungarian Dances; A German Requiem), dies at 63

  • 1899-03-01 Gyorgy Apponyi, Hungarian politician, dies at 90
  • 1900-10-14 Sandor Erkel, Hungarian composer and son of Ferenc Erkel, dies at 54
  • 1903-01-17 Ignaz Wechselmann, Hungarian architect and philanthropist (b. 1828)
  • 1907-08-15 Joseph Joachim, German violinist (Hungarian Concerto), dies at 76
  • 1908-04-04 Josef Sucher, Hungarian composer and conductor (Aus alten Märchen), dies at 64
  • 1909-03-22 Gyula Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, dies at 66

Joseph Pulitzer

1911-10-29 Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-American publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World) and Democratic politician whose bequest founded the Columbia School of Journalism and the Pulitzer Prize, dies at 64

  • 1912-02-17 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), dies at 57
  • 1915-01-02 (Károly) "Karl" Goldmark, Hungarian-Viennese violinist and composer (Rustic Wedding Symphony; The Queen of Sheba; Sakuhtala), dies at 84

Franz Joseph I

1916-11-21 Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (1848-1916), dies of pneumonia at 86 after catching a cold taking a walk

  • 1916-12-05 Hans Richter, Austrian-Hungarian composer, dies at 73
  • 1918-10-31 [Stephen] István Tisza, Hungarian PM (1903-05, 1913-17), assassinated by soldiers at 57