Punjab in History

Today in Indian History

Historical Events

  • 1846-01-28 Battle of Allwal, British beat Sikhs in Punjab
  • 1849-03-29 Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • 1882-10-14 University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.

AssassinationAssassination Attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge

1912-12-23 Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing homemade bomb into Viceroys's Howdah (elephant carriage) during ceremonial procession in Delhi. Although wounded, the Viceroy survives. Investigations lead to the Delhi conspiracy trial.

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An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
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  • 1956-11-01 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala and most of the East Punjab States Union merge as the Punjab State
  • 1966-11-01 Indian Haryana state created from Punjab; Chandigarh terr created
  • 1979-09-20 The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
  • 1984-04-15 Extremist Sikhs plunder 40 stations in Punjab India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985-07-24 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi signs a peace accord with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai to settle the three-year Punjab crisis [1]

Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Indian Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi
  • 1985-08-17 Rajiv Gandhi announces Punjab state elections in India
  • 1985-09-25 Akali Dal wins Punjab State election in India
  • 1993-03-30 Punjab beat Maharashtra by 120 runs to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 1995-03-31 Ranji Trophy Cricket Final, Wankhede Stadium, Bombay: Bombay (Sanjay Manjrekar 224 in 6/690) beats Punjab (Vikram Rathour 177 in 372) on 1st innings
  • 2014-06-01 IPL Cricket Final, M Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Kings XI Punjab by 3 wickets; Manish Pandey, 94 (50)
  • 2017-11-03 Pakistani woman charged with poisoning 17 members of husband's family in attempt to escape forced marriage in Punjab Province

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestGuru Nanak

1469-04-15 Guru Nanak, Founder of the religion of Sikhism and the 1st Sikh Guru, born in Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi, Punjab, Pakistan (d. 1539)

Founder of Sikhism Guru Nanak
Founder of Sikhism
Guru Nanak
  • 1479-05-05 Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru, born in Amritsar, Punjab, India (d. 1574)
  • 1534-09-24 Guru Ram Das, 4th Sikh Guru (1574-81), born in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan (d. 1581)
  • 1877-11-09 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet, born in Sialkot, Punjab Province, British India (d. 1938)
  • 1895-10-01 Liaquat Ali Khan, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (1947-51), born in Karnal, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • 1897-11-16 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan and recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement), born in Garhshankar, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • 1906-06-08 Nazir Ali, Indian cricket all-rounder (2 Tests; first Indian Test 1932), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, India (d. 1975)

Person of interestBhagat Singh

1907-09-28 Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter, born in Jaranwala Tehsil, Punjab (d. 1931)

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • 1908-07-16 Aruna Asaf Ali, Indian independence activist and politician (first Mayor of Delhi), born in Kalka, Punjab, British India (d. 1996)
  • 1910-02-01 Jahangir Khan, Indian cricket fast bowler (4 Tests India; Pakistan selector), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, India (d. 1988)

Person of interestKim Philby

1912-01-01 Kim Philby, British spy and Soviet mole who was a member of the "Cambridge Five", born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 1988)

  • 1912-02-27 Lawrence Durrell, Indian-British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India (d. 1990)
  • 1913-05-01 Balraj Sahni [Yudhishthir], Indian Bollywood actor (Dharti Ke Lal), born in Rawalpindi, Punjab (d. 1973)
  • 1914-02-01 A K Hangal, Indian freedom fighter and Bollywood character actor (Aaina, Sholay), born in Sialkot, Punjab, British India (d. 2012)
  • 1917-11-05 Banarsi Das Gupta, Indian 4th Chief Minister of Haryana (1975-77), born in Bhiwani, Punjab, British India (d. 2007)
  • 1921-10-15 Gul Mahomed, Pakistani cricketer (Indian & Pakistani batsman), born in Lahore, Punjab, British India (d. 1992)
  • 1922-01-09 Har Gobind Khorana, Indian-American biochemist (Nobel 1968), born in Raipur, Punjab, British India (d. 2011)
  • 1923-09-26 Dharam Devdutt "Dev" Anand, Indian comedian, actor, director and producer, born in Shakargarh, Punjab, British India (d. 2011)
  • 1926-09-21 Noor Jehan [Allah Rakhi Wasai], Pakistani singer and actress (Mela, Chann Way), born in Kasur, Punjab, British India (d. 2000)
  • 1927-05-01 Israr Ali, Pakistan cricket all-rounder (4 Tests; member of Pakistan's first Test team that played against India 1952–53), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, India (d. 2016)
  • 1929-01-08 Saeed Jaffrey, Indian actor (The Chess Players, Gandhi), born in Punjab, India (d. 2015)
  • 1929-06-06 Sunil Dutt, Indian Bollywood director, actor and politician (Yaadein, Mother India, Khandaan), born in Jhelum, Punjab (d. 2005)
  • 1929-07-20 Rajendra Kumar, Indian actor, producer and director (Arzoo, Love Story, Sangam), born in Sialkot, Punjab, British India (d. 1999)
  • 1930-04-10 Shujauddin Butt, Pakistani cricketer (batted in 19 Tests for Pakistan 1954-62), born in Lahore, Punjab (d. 2006)
  • 1932-01-02 Harchand Singh Longowai [Sant Ji], Indian Sikh leader and President of the Akali Dal during the Punjab insurgency of the 1980s, British India (d. 1985) [1]
  • 1932-06-22 Amrish Puri, Indian actor (Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom- Mola Ram, Mr. India- Mogambo), born in Lahore, Punjab (d. 2005)
  • 1932-09-12 Waqar Hasan, Pakistani cricket batsman (21 Tests, top score 189; member Pakistan's inaugural Test squad), born in Amritsar, Punjab, India (d. 2020)
  • 1935-12-08 Dharmendra, Indian actor (Sholay), born in Nasrali, Punjab, British India
  • 1937-08-03 Duncan Sharpe, Pakistani cricketer (3 Tests for Pakistan 1959-60), born in Rawalpindi, Punjab, British India
  • 1939-07-06 Man Mohan Sood, Indian cricketer (scored 0 & 3 in his only Test for India), born in Lahore, Punjab
  • 1939-09-18 Naresh Sohal, Indian composer, born in Punjab, India
  • 1942-12-29 Rajesh Khanna, Indian Bollywood actor officially titled "The First Superstar of Indian cinema", born in Amritsar, Punjab Province (d. 2012)
  • 1943-08-10 Shafqat Rana, Pakistan cricket batsman (5 Tests, top score 95), born in Simla, British Punjab
  • 1944-05-17 Arif Butt, Pakistani cricketer (pace bowler for Pakistan in three Tests 1964-65), born in Lahore, Punjab, British India (d. 2007)
  • 1946-03-31 Aftab Gul, Pakistani cricket batsman (6 Tests @ 22.75), born in Gujar Khan, Punjab
  • 1946-09-25 Bishan Bedi, Indian cricketer (mighty Indian slow left-armer 1966-79), born in Amritsar, Punjab, British India
  • 1947-05-21 Jiggs Kalra, Indian food writer "Czar of Indian cuisine", born in Punjab region, India (d. 2019)
  • 1947-07-24 Zaheer Abbas, Pakistani cricketer (probably Pakistan's finest batsman ever), born in Sialkot, Punjab
  • 1950-05-29 Talat Ali, Pakistani cricket batsman (Pakistan 10 Tests), born in Lahore, Punjab
  • 1951-11-03 Azmat Rana, Pakistan cricket batsman (1 Test, top score 49; 2 ODIs), born in Lahore, Punjab (d. 2015)
  • 1952-12-12 Herb Dhaliwal, Canadian politician, born in Chiheru, Punjab, India
  • 1954-05-29 Pankaj Kapoor, Indian actor (Ek Doctor Ki Maut, Raakh), born in Ludhiana, Punjab
  • 1955-10-15 Kulbir Bhaura, British field hockey player (Olympic gold 1988), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, India

Person of interestKapil Dev

1959-01-06 Kapil Dev, Indian cricketer (India's finest all-rounder 1978-94, Cup-1982), born in Chandigarh, Punjab

Cricketer Kapil Dev
Cricketer
Kapil Dev
  • 1961-07-01 Kalpana Chawla, American astronaut (STS 87) and the first woman of Indian descent to go to space, born in Karnal, East Punjab, India (d. 2003)
  • 1961-07-21 Amar Singh Chamkila [Dhanni Ram], Punjabi folk singer "The Elvis of Punjab", born in Dugri, Punjab, India (d. 1988)
  • 1962-04-15 Surjit Bindrakhia [Bains], Punjabi Bhangra singer ("Lakk Tunoo Tunoo"), born in Bindrakh, Punjab (d. 2003)
  • 1966-01-03 Chetan Sharma, Indian cricket fast bowler (23 Tests, 61 wickets; 65 ODI), born in Ludhiana, Punjab, India
  • 1967-09-09 Akshay Kumar, Indian actor, producer, stuntman and TV personality (Rustom, Baby, Hera Pheri), born in Amritsar, Punjab
  • 1970-11-19 Bhupinder Singh Jr, cricketer (Punjab & Indian ODI batsman)
  • 1977-12-04 Shahid Nazir, Pakistani cricket fast bowler (15 Tests, 36 wickets; 17 ODIs), born in Faisalabad, Punjab

Famous Deaths

  • 1985-08-20 Harchand Singh Longowai [Sant Ji], Indian Sikh leader and President of the Akali Dal during the Punjab insurgency of the 1980s, assassinated by Sikh extremists less than a month after he signed a peace accord with the government [1]
  • 1988-03-08 Amar Singh Chamkila [Dhanni Ram], Punjabi folk singer "The Elvis of Punjab" killed by unknown gunmen as he arrived for concert at age 26 [1]
  • 1995-08-31 Beant Singh, Prime Minister of Punjab province of India, assassinated at 73