West Bengal in History

West Bengal: Kolkata

Today in Indian History

Historical Events


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1575-03-03 Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar
  • 1737-10-07 A cyclone causes 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300,000 in Calcutta, India
  • 1756-06-20 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1757-06-23 Robert Clive defeats army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • 1787-05-10 British Parliament impeaches Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal
  • 1905-10-16 The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • 1906-12-30 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, later laid down the foundations of Pakistan

AssassinationAssassination Attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge

1912-12-23 Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing homemade bomb into Viceroys's Howdah (elephant carriage) during ceremonial procession in Delhi. Although wounded, the Viceroy survives. Investigations lead to the Delhi conspiracy trial.

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An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
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Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1913-12-10 Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore becomes the first non-European to be presented with the Nobel Prize for Literature for "Gitanjali"

  • 1930-04-18 Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da
  • 1930-04-22 British troops battle pro-independence revolutionaries in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong, Bengal province, British India, 80 troops and 12 revolutionaries killed
  • 1932-03-01 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.
  • 1942-03-12 British troops vacate the Andaman Islands in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1942-10-16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
  • 1945-10-09 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East Bengal

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1954-10-02 Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal, India
  • 1960-10-10 Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 4000 die
  • 1960-10-31 Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 10,000 die
  • 1963-05-28 Estimated 22,000 die in a cyclone in the Bay of Bengal (India)
  • 1971-09-29 Cyclone & tidal wave off Bay of Bengal kills as many as 10,000
  • 1971-11-21 Battle of Garibpur: Indian troops aided by the Mukti Bahini, Bengali guerrillas, defeat the army of Pakistan
  • 1989-03-27 Delhi beat Bengal by innings & 210 to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 1990-03-28 Bengal beat Delhi in rained-out cricket Ranji Trophy final on quotient
  • 1993-11-27 India defeat West Indies in Bengal Jubilee Cricket Final, Kumble 6-12

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1994-01-30 Kapil Dev takes 2/41 as India beats Sri Lanka by an innings and 95 runs in 2nd Cricket Test in Bengaluru; equals Sir Richard Hadlee's world record of 431 Test wickets

Cricketer Kapil Dev
Cricketer
Kapil Dev
Cricketer Richard Hadlee
Cricketer
Richard Hadlee
  • 1994-03-30 Bombay beat Bengal by 8 wickets to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 2013-08-18 6 people are killed by a bomb blast on a bus in West Bengal, India
  • 2018-04-17 Protests across India at the rape and murder of an 8-year old Muslim girl in Kathua, Bengalu
  • 2018-11-18 American missionary John Allen Chau killed on forbidden North Sentinel Island, Bay of Bengal by one of world's most isolated tribe

Famous Birthdays

  • 1486-02-18 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint, inspired Chaitanya movement, born in Navadwip, India (d. 1534)
  • 1795-04-28 Charles Sturt, English explorer (Australia), born in Bengal, British India (d. 1869)

Person of interestJames Brooke

1803-04-29 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1820-09-26 Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, father of Bengali prose (Exile of Sita), born in Birsingha, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1891)
  • 1827-07-19 Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) regiment of the British East India Company, born in Nagwa, Ballia district, India (d. 1857)
  • 1838-06-27 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Indian novelist (Anandamath), born in Naihati, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1894)
  • 1853-12-06 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, born in Khulna, Bengal Presidency (d. 1931)
  • 1861-08-02 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), born in Khulna, British India (d. 1944)
  • 1863-07-19 Dwijendralal Ray, Bengali poet, playwright and lyricist (Dwijendrageeti), born in Krishnanagar, British India (d. 1913)
  • 1864-06-29 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1924)
  • 1870-11-21 Stanley Jackson, English cricketer (captain of England, governor of Bengal), born in Chapel Allerton, Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)
  • 1875-11-15 Birsa Munda, Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero of the Munda tribe who led an uprising in Bengal against the British Raj, born in Ulihatu, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1900)
  • 1876-09-15 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), born in Debanandapur, Hooghly district, Bengal Presidency, India (d. 1938)
  • 1878-11-27 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet, born in Jamsherpur, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1948).
  • 1886-05-25 Rash Behari Bose, Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India, born in Bengal, India (d. 1945)
  • 1889-04-18 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)

Person of interestPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

1893-06-29 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Indian scientist and applied statistician (Mahalanobis distance), whose birthdate is celebrated annually in India as "National Statistics Day", born in Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1972)

Scientist and Statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
Scientist and Statistician
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
  • 1894-07-19 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, born in Dacca, Bengal, British India (d. 1964)
  • 1894-10-24 Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Bengali author, born in Darbhanga district, Bihar, British India (d. 1987)
  • 1899-03-30 Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, well known Bengali writer (d. 1970)
  • 1899-05-25 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, born in Asansol, Burdwan, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1976)
  • 1908-02-26 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
  • 1909-09-17 Kenneth Darling, British Army Commander-in-chief Allied Forces, born in Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1998)
  • 1911-05-28 Bob Crisp, South African cricket fast bowler (9 Tests, 20 wickets; Rhodesia, Western Province, Worcestershire), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1994)
  • 1911-10-13 Ashok Kumar [Dadamoni, Kumudlal Kunjilal Ganguly], Indian actor (Mahal, Afsana), born in Bhagalpur, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2001)

Person of interestVivien Leigh

1913-11-05 Vivien Leigh, English actress (Gone With The Wind, A Streetcar Named Desire), born in Darjeeling, Bengal Presidency, India (d. 1967)

Actress Vivien Leigh
Actress
Vivien Leigh
  • 1915-08-28 Max Robertson, British sports commentator, born in Dacca, Bengal (d. 2009)
  • 1923-05-04 Mrinal Sen, Bengali film director (In Search of Famine), born in Faridpur, East Bengal (d. 2018)
  • 1924-08-28 Vilayat Khan, Indian classical sitar player and composer, born in Gouripur, Mymensingh, East Bengal (d. 2004)
  • 1925-11-04 Ritwik Ghatak, Bengali filmmaker (Titash Ekti Nadir Naam), born in Dhaka, East Bengal (d. 1976)
  • 1926-01-14 Mahasweta Devi, Indian Bengali writer & activist, born in Dhaka, British India (d. 2016)
  • 1929-03-29 Utpal Dutt, Indian actor and director (Manusher Adhikar), born in Barisal, Bengal Presidency, India (d. 1993)
  • 1930-08-24 Raj Bagri, Indian-British merchant in metal, born in Kolkata, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • 1930-10-28 John Mayer, Indian composer (Indo-Jazz Fusion), born in Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 2004)
  • 1931-08-11 Manabendra Mukhopadhyay, Bengali singer and composer (Ei Ganga ei Padda), born in Kolkata (d. 1992)

Person of interestAmartya Sen

1933-11-03 Amartya Sen, Indian economist and Nobel Prize laureate (welfare economics and social choice theory), born in Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

Economist/Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen
Economist/Nobel Laureate
Amartya Sen
  • 1938-03-18 Shashi Kapoor [Balbir Raj Kapoor], prominent Indian Bollywood actor (Deewar, The Deceivers, Shalimar, Heat & Dust), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • 1939-06-27 R. D. Burman, Indian film score composer (1942: A Love Story), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1994)
  • 1945-03-15 A. K. Faezul Huq, Bengali lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1947-08-15 Raakhee Gulzar, Indian actress (Shubho Mahurat), born in Ranaghat, Bengal, India
  • 1952-04-13 Erick Avari, American-Indian actor, born in Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
  • 1961-05-04 Ishita Bhaduri, Indian (Bengali) poet, born in Kolkata, India
  • 1964-07-13 Utpal Chatterjee, cricketer (Bengal slow left-arm bowler)
  • 1973-06-17 Leander Paes, Indian tennis player, born in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • 1973-06-30 Dodda Ganesh, Indian cricketer and pace bowler (Karnataka & India), born in Bengaluru, India
  • 1975-05-21 Abbas [Mirza Abbas Ali], Indian Tamil film actor and model (Kadhal Desam), born in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • 1984-08-03 Sunil Chetri, Indian footballer (Bengaluru FC), born in Secunderabad, India

Famous Deaths

  • 1534-06-14 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint, inspired Chaitanya movement, dies at 48
  • 1857-04-08 Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) regiment of the British East India Company, hanged at 29
  • 1873-06-29 Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bengali poet (b. 1824)
  • 1891-07-29 Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, father of Bengali prose (Exile of Sita), dies at 70
  • 1900-06-09 Birsa Munda, Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero of the Munda tribe who led an uprising in Bengal against the British Raj, dies in jail awaiting trial at 24
  • 1913-05-17 Dwijendralal Ray, Bengali poet, playwright and lyricist (Dwijendrageeti), dies of epilepsy at 49
  • 1924-05-25 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), dies abruptly at 59
  • 1931-11-17 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, dies at 77
  • 1938-01-16 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), dies at 61
  • 1944-06-16 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), dies at 82
  • 1948-01-02 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet, dies at 69
  • 1954-10-22 Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet (b. 1899)
  • 1962-04-27 A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali statesman, dies at 88
  • 1976-02-06 Ritwik Ghatak, Bengali filmmaker (Titash Ekti Nadir Naam), dies at 50
  • 1976-08-29 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, dies at 77
  • 1987-07-29 Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Bengali author (b. 1894)
  • 1992-01-19 Manabendra Mukhopadhyay, Bengali singer and composer (Ei Ganga ei Padda), dies at 60
  • 2007-04-05 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (b. 1908)
  • 2008-06-19 Barun Sengupta, Bengali journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2010-05-24 Tapen Chatterjee, Bengali actor from India (b. 1937)
  • 2016-07-28 Mahasweta Devi, Indian Bengali writer and activist, dies at 90
  • 2018-12-30 Mrinal Sen, Bengali film director (In Search of Famine), dies at 95
  • 2020-04-30 Chuni Goswami, Indian soccer striker and captain (30 caps; Mohun Bagan) and cricket all-rounder (captain Bengal), dies from cardiac arrest at 82