Kolkata in History

Today in Indian History

Historical Events

  • 1690-08-24 Job Charnock sets up East India Company HQ camp by Kalikata village (modern Calcutta)
  • 1737-10-07 A cyclone causes 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300,000 in Calcutta, India
  • 1737-10-11 Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta, India
  • 1756-06-20 Black Hole of Calcutta: 146 British soldiers, Anglo-Indian soldiers and Indian civilians are imprisoned in a small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die from suffocation and heat exhaustion
  • 1756-06-20 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1757-01-02 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1828-08-20 Hindi reform movement Brahmo Samaj founded by Ram Mohan Roy and Dwarkanath Tagore in Calcutta
  • 1857-01-24 University of Calcutta founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia
  • 1864-10-01 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • 1864-10-05 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • 1870-09-08 Netherlands and Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" an agreement to allow Indian contract workers from Calcutta to work in sugar plantations in Suriname
  • 1909-05-06 Indian nationalist Sri Aurobindo acquitted in the Alipore Bomb Case in Calcutta, India
  • 1911-12-12 Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • 1926-04-02 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929-01-06 Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India's poorest

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1931-03-26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies

  • 1940-07-02 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta
  • 1942-10-16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
  • 1942-12-20 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
  • 1945-11-28 Australian Services draw second Victory Test Cricket v India at Calcutta
  • 1946-08-16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1950-10-26 Mother Teresa founds Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India
  • 1952-12-14 R H Shodhan scores 110 on Test Cricket debut v Pakistan, Calcutta
  • 1959-01-01 Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta
  • 1964-01-10 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
  • 1966-12-31 Test Cricket debut of Bishen Singh Bedi, India v WI Calcutta, 2-92
  • 1967-01-01 Second day's play in Calcutta 2nd cricket Test, India v W Indies is cancelled by riots; ticket holders denied access starts trouble outside ground; escalates with fires in stands and pitch damage; WI win by 45
  • 1969-12-14 Bishen Bedi takes 7-98 (career-best) v Australia at Calcutta
  • 1979-10-17 Mother Teresa of Calcutta awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1984-12-31 Test Cricket debut of Mohammad Azharuddin, v England at Calcutta
  • 1986-02-03 The Pope and Mother Teresa meet in Calcutta
  • 1987-11-08 Cricket World Cup, Eden Gardens, Kolkata, India: David Boon scores 75 as Australia beats England by 7 runs for their first title;
  • 1989-11-01 Despite 107 from Desmond Haynes, Saleem Malik with 71 leads Pakistan to 4 wicket win v West Indies in cricket's Nehru Cup Final in Kolkata, India
  • 1993-03-17 86 killed by bomb attack in Calcutta
  • 2003-10-19 Mother Teresa of Calcutta is beatified by Pope John Paul II
  • 2012-05-27 IPL Cricket Final, M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Chennai Super Kings by 5 wickets; Manvinder Bisla top scores, 89 (48)
  • 2013-02-27 20 people are killed in a market fire in Calcutta, India
  • 2013-05-26 Indian Premier League T20 Cricket Final, Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings by 23 runs; Kieron Pollard 60 no (32)
  • 2014-06-01 IPL Cricket Final, M Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Kings XI Punjab by 3 wickets; Manish Pandey, 94 (50)
  • 2015-05-24 IPL Cricket Final, Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings by 41 runs; Lendl Simmons top scores, 68 (45)
  • 2016-04-03 ICC Women's Cricket T20 World Cup, Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Hayley Matthews with 66 from 45 balls leads West Indies to 149/2; beat Australia 148/5 by 4 wickets with 2 balls to spare

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestJames Brooke

1803-04-29 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1811-07-18 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)
  • 1815-06-11 Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer, born in Calcutta, India (d. 1879)

Person of interestRabindranath Tagore

1861-05-07 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1941)

  • 1863-01-12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • 1864-06-29 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1924)
  • 1872-08-15 Shri Aurobindo [Aurobindo Ghose], Indian guru and nationalist, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1950)

Person of interestPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

1893-06-29 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Indian scientist and applied statistician (Mahalanobis distance), whose birthdate is celebrated annually in India as "National Statistics Day", born in Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1972)

Scientist and Statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
Scientist and Statistician
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
  • 1894-01-01 Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (Bose–Einstein statistics), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1974)
  • 1896-09-01 A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian guru, founder of International Society for Krishna Consciousness, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1977)
  • 1908-01-25 Hopper Levett, English cricketer (England in 1 Test in Calcutta), born in Goudhurst, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1911-05-28 Bob Crisp, South African cricket fast bowler (9 Tests, 20 wickets; Rhodesia, Western Province, Worcestershire), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1994)
  • 1920-01-07 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • 1921-05-02 Satyajit Ray, Indian director (Goddess, Adversary), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1992)
  • 1922-05-06 Alan Ross, British poet and editor (London Magazine), born in Calcutta, India (d. 2001)
  • 1931-08-11 Manabendra Mukhopadhyay, Bengali singer and composer (Ei Ganga ei Padda), born in Kolkata (d. 1992)
  • 1931-10-14 Nikhil Banerjee, Indian classical musician, born in Calcutta, India (d. 1986)
  • 1934-11-03 Ruma Guha Thakurta, Singer, Actress, Dancer, Founder of Calcutta Youth Choir
  • 1938-03-18 Shashi Kapoor [Balbir Raj Kapoor], prominent Indian Bollywood actor (Deewar, The Deceivers, Shalimar, Heat & Dust), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • 1938-09-17 Alec Broers, British electrical engineer and master (Churchill College Cambridge), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1939-06-27 R. D. Burman, Indian film score composer (1942: A Love Story), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1994)
  • 1942-01-23 Abdur Razzak, Bangladeshi actor & director, born in Kolkata, India (d. 2017)
  • 1946-10-15 Victor Banerjee, Indian actor (A Passage to India), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1947-07-30 Margo Sappington, American actress (Oh Calcutta, Where's Charley), born in Baytown, Texas
  • 1952-06-20 Vikram Seth, Indian poet and novelist (A Suitable Boy), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1961-05-04 Ishita Bhaduri, Indian (Bengali) poet, born in Kolkata, India
  • 1972-07-08 Saurav Ganguly, Indian cricketer (centuries in 1st two Tests for India 1996), born in Behala, Kolkata
  • 1973-06-17 Leander Paes, Indian tennis player, born in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • 1975-05-21 Abbas [Mirza Abbas Ali], Indian Tamil film actor and model (Kadhal Desam), born in Kolkata, West Bengal, India