Kolkata in History

Historical Events

  • 1690-08-24 Job Charnock founds Calcutta India
  • 1737-10-11 Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta, India
  • 1756-06-20 Black Hole of Calcutta - 146 British soldiers imprisoned in small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die
  • 1756-06-20 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1757-01-02 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1857-01-24 University of Calcutta founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia
  • 1864-10-01 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • 1864-10-05 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • 1870-09-08 Netherlands and Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" an agreement to allow Indian contract workers from Calcutta to work in sugar plantations in Suriname
  • 1911-12-12 Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • 1926-04-02 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929-01-06 Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India's poorest

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1931-03-26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • 1940-07-02 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta
  • 1942-10-16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
  • 1942-12-20 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
  • 1945-11-28 Australian Services draw second Victory Test Cricket v India at Calcutta
  • 1946-08-16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1950-10-26 Mother Teresa founds Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India
  • 1952-12-14 R H Shodhan scores 110 on Test Cricket debut v Pakistan, Calcutta
  • 1959-01-01 Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta
  • 1964-01-10 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
  • 1966-12-31 Test Cricket debut of Bishen Singh Bedi, India v WI Calcutta, 2-92
  • 1967-01-01 Day's play in the Calcutta Test v W Indies cancelled by riots
  • 1969-12-14 Bishen Bedi takes 7-98 (career-best) v Australia at Calcutta
  • 1979-10-17 Mother Teresa of Calcutta awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1984-12-31 Test Cricket debut of Mohammad Azharuddin, v England at Calcutta
  • 1986-02-03 The Pope and Mother Teresa meet in Calcutta
  • 1993-03-17 86 killed by bomb attack in Calcutta
  • 2003-10-19 Mother Teresa of Calcutta is beatified by Pope John Paul II
  • 2013-02-27 20 people are killed in a market fire in Calcutta, India
  • 2014-06-01 Kolkata Knight Riders win the Indian Premier League cricket championship
  • 2016-04-03 ICC World Twenty20 won by the West Indies, beating at England by 4 wickets with 2 balls to spare at Eden Gardens in Kolkata

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1803-04-29 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1815-06-11 Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer born in Calcutta, India (d. 1879)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861-05-06 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1941)

  • 1863-01-12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • 1908-01-25 W H V "Hopper" Levett, cricket keeper (England in 1 Test in Calcutta)
  • 1911-02-19 Merle Oberon, British actress (That Uncertain Feeling, Wuthering Heights), born in Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1979)
  • 1920-01-07 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • 1921-05-02 Satyajit Ray, Indian director (Goddess, Adversary), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1992)
  • 1932-12-10 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Calcutta, India, Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K
  • 1934-11-03 Ruma Guha Thakurta, Singer, Actress, Dancer, Founder of Calcutta Youth Choir
  • 1938-03-18 Shashi Kapoor [Balbir Raj Kapoor], prominent Indian Bollywood actor (Deewar, The Deceivers, Shalimar, Heat & Dust), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • 1946-10-15 Victor Banerjee, Calcutta India, actor (A Passage to India)
  • 1947-07-30 Margo Sappington, Baytown TX, actress (Oh Calcutta)
  • 1972-07-08 Saurav Ganguly, Indian cricketer (centuries in 1st two Tests for India 1996), born in Behala, Kolkata

Famous Deaths

  • 1960-01-31 Lowell Gilmore, American actor (The Picture of Dorian Gray, Living Christ Series), dies at 53
  • 1961-04-26 Gail Russell, actress (Calcutta, Moonrise, El Paso), dies at 36
  • 1984-10-30 June Duprez, actress (Calcutta, Tiger Fang), dies at 66