Kolkata in History

Today in Indian History

Historical Events

  • 1690-08-24 Job Charnock sets up East India Company HQ camp by Kalikata village (modern Calcutta)
  • 1737-10-07 A cyclone causes 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300,000 in Calcutta, India
  • 1737-10-11 Earthquake reported to have killed 300,000 and destroyed half of Calcutta in India. Now thought to have been an exaggerated account of a hurricane which claimed 3,000 of the city's estimated 20,000 residents. [1]
  • 1756-06-20 Black Hole of Calcutta: 146 British soldiers, Anglo-Indian soldiers and Indian civilians are imprisoned in a small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die from suffocation and heat exhaustion
  • 1756-06-20 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1757-01-02 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1784-01-15 The Asiatic Society is founded by William Jones at a meeting in Calcutta's Fort William, India
  • 1828-08-20 Hindi reform movement Brahmo Samaj founded by Ram Mohan Roy and Dwarkanath Tagore in Calcutta
  • 1857-01-24 University of Calcutta founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia
  • 1864-10-01 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • 1864-10-05 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • 1870-09-08 Netherlands and Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" an agreement to allow Indian contract workers from Calcutta to work in sugar plantations in Suriname
  • 1909-05-06 Indian nationalist Sri Aurobindo acquitted in the Alipore Bomb Case in Calcutta, India
  • 1911-12-12 Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • 1926-04-02 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta

Historic Event

1929-01-06 Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin her work amongst India's poorest

  • 1931-03-26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies

Historic Event

1931-12-17 First meeting of the Indian Statistical Institute organized by Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in Calcutta

  • 1940-07-02 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta
  • 1942-10-16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
  • 1942-12-20 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
  • 1945-11-28 Australian Services draw second Victory Test Cricket v India at Calcutta
  • 1946-08-16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1949-01-03 West Indian cricket batsman Everton Weekes scores 101 in 3rd Test against India in Calcutta; his world record fifth consecutive Test century
  • 1950-10-26 Mother Teresa founds Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India
  • 1952-12-14 R H Shodhan scores 110 on Test Cricket debut v Pakistan, Calcutta
  • 1959-01-01 Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta
  • 1964-01-10 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
  • 1966-12-31 Test Cricket debut of Bishen Singh Bedi, India v WI Calcutta, 2-92
  • 1967-01-01 Second day's play in Calcutta 2nd cricket Test, India v W Indies is cancelled by riots; ticket holders denied access starts trouble outside ground; escalates with fires in stands and pitch damage; WI win by 45
  • 1969-12-14 Bishen Bedi takes 7-98 (career-best) v Australia at Calcutta
  • 1979-10-17 Mother Teresa of Calcutta awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1984-12-31 Test Cricket debut of Mohammad Azharuddin, v England at Calcutta
  • 1985-01-03 Future Indian cricket captain Mohammad Azharuddin scores 110 on debut in drawn 3rd Test against England in Kolkata
  • 1986-02-03 The Pope and Mother Teresa meet in Calcutta

Sports History

1987-11-08 Cricket World Cup, Eden Gardens, Kolkata, India: David Boon scores 75 as Australia beats England by 7 runs for their first title;

  • 1989-11-01 Despite 107 from Desmond Haynes, Saleem Malik with 71 leads Pakistan to 4 wicket win v West Indies in cricket's Nehru Cup Final in Kolkata, India
  • 1993-03-17 86 killed by bomb attack in Calcutta
  • 2003-05-16 Calcutta high court rules Calcutta does not have a birthday and that British East India employee Job Charnock is not the city's founder as previously claimed
  • 2003-10-19 Mother Teresa of Calcutta is beatified by Pope John Paul II
  • 2012-05-27 IPL Cricket Final, M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Chennai Super Kings by 5 wickets; Manvinder Bisla top scores, 89 (48)
  • 2013-02-27 20 people are killed in a market fire in Calcutta, India
  • 2013-05-26 Indian Premier League T20 Cricket Final, Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings by 23 runs; Kieron Pollard 60 no (32)
  • 2014-06-01 IPL Cricket Final, M Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Kings XI Punjab by 3 wickets; Manish Pandey, 94 (50)
  • 2014-11-13 Indian cricket batsman Rohit Sharma sets new world ODI record of 264 runs off 173 balls against Sri Lanka at Eden Gardens in Kolkata
  • 2015-05-24 IPL Cricket Final, Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings by 41 runs; Lendl Simmons top scores, 68 (45)
  • 2016-04-03 ICC Women's Cricket T20 World Cup, Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Hayley Matthews with 66 from 45 balls leads West Indies to 149/2; beat Australia 148/5 by 4 wickets with 2 balls to spare
  • 2017-09-06 Mother Teresa declared co-patron saint of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta alongside St. Francis Xavier
  • 2021-10-15 IPL Cricket Final, Dubai International Stadium: Chennai Super Kings win their 4th IPL title beating Kolkata Knight Riders by 27 runs; Faf du Plessis scores 86 off 59 balls for Player of the Match

Famous Birthdays

James BrookeJames Brooke (1803-1868)

1803-04-29 British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India

  • 1811-07-18 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)
  • 1815-06-11 Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer, born in Calcutta, India (d. 1879)

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore (1861-1941)

1861-05-07 Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), born in Calcutta, British India

  • 1863-01-12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • 1864-06-29 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1924)
  • 1872-08-15 Shri Aurobindo [Aurobindo Ghose], Indian guru and nationalist, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1950)

Prasanta Chandra MahalanobisPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis (1893-1972)

1893-06-29 Indian scientist and applied statistician (Mahalanobis distance), whose birthdate is celebrated annually in India as "National Statistics Day", born in Calcutta, Bengal, British India

  • 1894-01-01 Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (Bose–Einstein statistics), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1974)
  • 1896-09-01 A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian guru, founder of International Society for Krishna Consciousness, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1977)
  • 1898-12-02 Indra Lal Roy, Indian World War I flying ace, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1918)
  • 1908-01-25 Hopper Levett, English cricketer (England in 1 Test in Calcutta), born in Goudhurst, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1910-01-29 Paul Hodder-Williams, British publisher (Hodder & Stoughton), born in Calcutta, India (d. 2007)
  • 1911-05-28 Bob Crisp, South African cricket fast bowler (9 Tests, 20 wickets; Rhodesia, Western Province, Worcestershire), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1994)
  • 1914-07-08 Jyoti Basu, Indian Communist politician, bornin Calcutta, British India (d. 2010)
  • 1920-01-07 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • 1921-05-02 Satyajit Ray, Indian director (Goddess, Adversary), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1992)
  • 1922-05-06 Alan Ross, British poet and editor (London Magazine), born in Calcutta, India (d. 2001)
  • 1930-08-24 Raj Bagri, Indian-British merchant in metal, born in Kolkata, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • 1930-10-28 John Mayer, Indian violinist and composer (Indo-Jazz Fusions), born in Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 2004) [1]
  • 1931-08-11 Manabendra Mukhopadhyay, Bengali singer and composer (Ei Ganga ei Padda), born in Kolkata (d. 1992)
  • 1931-10-14 Nikhil Banerjee, Indian classical musician, born in Calcutta, India (d. 1986)
  • 1932-10-30 Barun De, Indian historian, born in Calcutta, India (d. 2013)
  • 1933-10-02 (Albert Ronald) "Ronnie" Ross, Scottish jazz and session baritone saxophonist, born in Calcutta, India (2 October 1933 (d. 1991)
  • 1934-11-03 Ruma Guha Thakurta, Indian singer, actress, and founder of Calcutta Youth Choir, born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2019)
  • 1935-01-19 Soumitra Chatterjee, Indian actor, playwright and poet (Satyajit Ray's Apu Trilogy), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1935-11-17 Imrat Khan, Indian sitar and surbahar player and composer, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 2018)
  • 1936-05-21 Dipak Nandy, Indian born British academic and founder of the Runnymead Trust, born in Calcutta, India
  • 1938-03-18 Shashi Kapoor [Balbir Raj Kapoor], prominent Indian Bollywood actor (Deewar, The Deceivers, Shalimar, Heat & Dust), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • 1938-09-17 Alec Broers, British electrical engineer and master (Churchill College Cambridge), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1939-06-27 R. D. Burman, Indian film score composer (1942: A Love Story), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1994)
  • 1940-02-10 Hamish Imlach, Scottish folk-comic singer-songwriter ("Cod Liver Oil and the Orange Juice"), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1996)
  • 1942-01-23 Abdur Razzak, Bangladeshi actor and director (Ki Je Kori, Chandranath), born in Kolkata, British India (d. 2017)
  • 1946-10-15 Victor Banerjee, Indian actor (A Passage to India), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1947-07-30 Margo Sappington, American actress (Oh Calcutta, Where's Charley), born in Baytown, Texas
  • 1952-06-20 Vikram Seth, Indian poet and novelist (A Suitable Boy), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1955-01-05 Mamata Banerjee, Indian politician (Chief Minister of West Bengal 2011-), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1960-05-19 Shujaat Khan, Indian sitar player, singer, and composer, born in Calcutta, India
  • 1961-05-04 Ishita Bhaduri, Indian (Bengali) poet, born in Kolkata, India
  • 1972-07-08 Saurav Ganguly, Indian cricketer (centuries in 1st two Tests for India 1996), born in Behala, Kolkata
  • 1973-06-17 Leander Paes, Indian tennis player, born in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • 1975-05-21 Abbas [Mirza Abbas Ali], Indian Tamil film actor and model (Kadhal Desam), born in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • 1981-10-29 Reema Sen, Indian actress, born in Kolkata, India
  • 1993-05-08 Pat Cummins, Australian cricket fast bowler and captain (BB 6/23; NSW CA, Kolkata Knight Riders), born in Sydney, Australia

Famous Deaths

  • 1939-04-25 John Foulds, British cellist, musicologist, and composer (World Requiem; Three Mantras), dies in Calcutta of cholera at 58
  • 2019-06-03 Ruma Guha Thakurta, Indian singer, actress, and founder of Calcutta Youth Choir, dies at 84