The History of Java

Historical Events

  • 1596-06-22 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java
  • 1596-09-05 Dutch fleet commander Cornelis de Houtman taken hostage in Java
  • 1596-09-07 Dutch fleet bombards Banten, Java
  • 1597-06-24 Cornelis de Houtman's Dutch fleet reaches Bantam, West Java
  • 1597-08-14 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java
  • 1598-05-01 Jacob van Neck's merchant fleet departs for Java, modern day Indonesia
  • 1598-11-25 Jacob Cornelius van Neck's merchant fleet reaches Bantam, West-Java on second Dutch expedition to Indonesia
  • 1599-01-11 Jacob van Neck's fleet leaves Bantam, Java in modern day Indonesia with 1 million pounds of pepper and cloves and a further half a ship full of nutmeg, mace and cinnamon
  • 1599-07-19 Jacob van Necks merchant fleet leaves Java
  • 1619-03-12 Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
  • 1621-03-04 Jacarta, Java, renamed Batavia
  • 1628-08-27 Java: Sultan Agung of Mataram attacks Batavia
  • 1679-12-27 Dutch troops capture Madurees prince Trunudjojo in Java
  • 1755-02-13 Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java
  • 1757-03-17 Prince Mas Saïd of Mataram surrenders to Mangkubumi in Java
  • 1772-08-11 Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1811-09-18 British East India Company force led by Baron Minto conquers Java, part of the Dutch East Indies, Stamford Raffles appointed lieutenant governor

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles
  • 1816-08-19 Java again in Dutch hands
  • 1822-10-08 First eruption of Galunggung in Java sends boiling sludge into valley
  • 1822-10-12 Second eruption of Galunggung in Java destroys summit of mountain
  • 1825-07-21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • 1826-07-30 Java prince Dipo Negoro surprise attacks Dutch colony, 82 killed
  • 1826-11-15 Dutch Business Me gets monopoly on opium trade in Java/Madura
  • 1827-01-01 Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java

Krakatoa: The World’s Mightiest ExplosionKrakatoa: The World’s Mightiest Explosion

1883-08-27 Krakatoa volcano, west of Java in Indonesia, erupts with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people

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Anak Krakatau – the “Child of Krakatoa” – erupts in December, 2018, causing more than 400 deaths
Anak Krakatau – the “Child of Krakatoa” – erupts in December, 2018, causing more than 400 deaths
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  • 1890-08-09 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • 1916-06-17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 1919-05-19 Kelud volcano on Java, erupts killing 5,160
  • 1920-07-03 Java Technical School, Bandung, opens
  • 1924-10-01 1st Dutch airliner, the Fokker F.VII takes off from Amsterdam for Batavia (Java)
  • 1924-11-24 1st Dutch airliner, Fokker F.VII lands in Batavia (Java) after flying from Amsterdam
  • 1926-11-13 Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam, West Java
  • 1927-01-01 Communist uprising in West Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929-12-29 Dutch colonial authorities arrest Sukarno and other key PNI leaders in Java

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1941-12-12 European reservists on Java mobilize
  • 1942-02-03 1st Japanese air raid on Java

  • 1942-02-27 Battle of Java Sea began: 13 US warships sunk and 2 Japanese
  • 1942-02-28 Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
  • 1942-03-01 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • 1942-03-01 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • 1942-03-02 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • 1942-03-08 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • 1942-03-27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • 1942-04-16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • 1942-11-11 Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
  • 1943-01-09 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars
  • 1943-03-15 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-07-07 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1943-10-03 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • 1944-02-14 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • 1944-05-17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • 1944-09-18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • 1944-10-06 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • 1945-01-28 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • 1945-04-25 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • 1945-11-14 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • 1947-07-20 1st political action of Netherlands Army on Java and Sumatra
  • 1948-12-19 2nd political action of Java/Sumatra
  • 1948-12-28 Middel-Java as a whole in Dutch hands
  • 1948-12-31 Dutch police actions up Java gone on strike
  • 1950-01-23 Rebel army of Dutch military officer Raymond Westerling occupies Bandung, Java
  • 1951-03-20 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
  • 1958-10-01 Britain transfers Christmas Island (south of Java) to Australia
  • 1985-01-21 Bomb attack on Borobudur temple in Java
  • 1994-06-03 5.9 earthquake/floods SE Java (150+ killed)
  • 1996-01-23 The first version of the Java programming language released
  • 2004-11-30 Lion Air Flight 538 crash lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26
  • 2005-08-18 Massive power blackout hits the Indonesian island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people.
  • 2006-05-26 The May 2006 Java earthquake kills over 5,700 people, leaves 200,000 homeless.
  • 2006-05-27 Earthquake strikes Java, Indonesia at 5:53:58 AM local time (22:53:58 UTC May 26) devastating Bantul and the city of Yogyakarta, killing over 6,600 people
  • 2013-09-27 At least 22 people are killed after a refugee ship capsizes off the island of Java
  • 2014-12-28 Indonesia AirAsia Flight QZ8501 crashes in bad weather in the Java Sea, killing all 162 people on board

Famous Birthdays

  • 1565-04-02 Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), born in Gouda, Holland (d. 1599)
  • 1833-04-06 Johan H C Kern, Dutch linguist (Sanskrit, Old Javan)
  • 1865-03-01 Gerard Vissering, Dutch banker/president (Bank of Java)
  • 1870-02-13 Leopold Godowsky, Polish pianist and composer (Java Suite, 53 Studies on Chopin's Études), born in Žasliai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania), (d. 1938)
  • 1879-04-21 Kartini, Indonesian national heroine, born in Jepara, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1904)
  • 1879-06-07 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer, born in Madioen, Java (d. 1963)
  • 1888-06-05 Raden Mas Noto Soeroto, Javanese poet (Melatiknoppen), born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia (d. 1951)
  • 1888-07-18 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian-Dutch painter, born in Soerakarta, Java (d. 1992)
  • 1889-04-28 Karel Doorman, Dutch rear admiral (Java Sea), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • 1899-08-24 Johan Fabricius, Dutch novelist (Island of Demons), born in Bandung, Java, Indonesia (d. 1981)

Person of interestSukarno

1901-06-06 Sukarno, 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), born in Surabaya, Java (d. 1970)

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1907-01-17 Henk Badings, Dutch opera composer (Orestes), born in Bandung, Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1987)
  • 1909-11-06 Henk Bijvanck, Dutch composer, born in Kudus, Java (d. 1969)
  • 1911-07-10 Djuanda Kartawidjaja, 11th and final Prime Minister of Indonesia, born in Tasikmalaya, West Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1963)
  • 1915-04-25 Aksel Quintus Bosz, Surinamese lawyer, born in Pasuruan, Java, Indonesia (d. 1993)

Person of interestSuharto

1921-06-08 Suharto, 2nd President of Indonesia (1967- 98), born in Yogyakarta, Java (d. 2008)

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
  • 1924-05-09 Bulat S Okudzjava, Russian author (Student!)
  • 1924-08-23 Siti Hartinah Suharto, 2nd First Lady of Indonesia, wife of President Suharto of Indonesia, born in Jaten village, Surakarta, Central Java (d. 1996)
  • 1925-02-20 Pramudya Ananta Tur, Javanese author (Anak semua bangsa)
  • 1925-04-04 Erna Spoorenberg, Dutch singer, born in Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia (d. 2004)
  • 1928-07-07 Ali Sadikin, Indonesian politician and governor of Jakarta (1966-77), born in Sumedang, West Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 2008)
  • 1933-08-03 Thé Tjong-Khing, Dutch illustrator of children books (Miep Diekman), born in Purworedjo, Java
  • 1934-07-19 Willem Nijholt, Dutch actor (De Nietsnut, Respect, Op Afbetaling), born in Gombong, Central Java
  • 1935-06-13 Christo [Javacheff], Bulgarian artist and wrapper (Running Fence), born in Gabrovo, Kingdom of Bulgaria (d. 2020)
  • 1940-09-07 Abdurrahman Wahid, 4th President of Indonesia, born in Denanyar, East Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 2009)
  • 1970-11-30 Yayuk Basuki, Indonesian tennis player and politician, born in Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia
  • 1990-08-20 Ranomi Kromowidjojo, Dutch-Javanese Surinamese swimmer (Olympic gold 2008, 12), born in Sauwerd, Netherlands

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

1947-12-26 President of Indonesia Suharto (26) weds Siti Hartinah (24) in Surakarta at a traditional Javanese ceremony

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia

LoveWedding of Interest

1986-12-24 President of Indonesia Joko Widodo (25) weds Iriana (23) in Solo, Central Java

President of Indonesia Joko Widodo
President of Indonesia
Joko Widodo

Famous Deaths

  • 1596-09-13 Pieter D Keyzer/Keyser, astronomer/navigator (Java)
  • 1599-09-11 Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), murder at 35
  • 1629-10-21 Tumengung Buraksa, Matarams/Javanese general, dies in battle
  • 1686-02-08 Francois Tak, Dutch diplomat on Java, murdered
  • 1722-04-14 Pieter Erberveld, German-Thai merchant on Java, Indonesia. He was accused of plotting a rebellion with the Javanese, tortured and executed at around 62
  • 1749-12-20 Pakubuwono II, susuhunan of Mataram Java, dies
  • 1938-11-21 Leopold Godowsky, Polish pianist and composer (Java Suite, 53 Studies on Chopin's Études) dies of stomach cancer at 68
  • 1942-02-27 Karel Doorman, Dutch rear-admiral (Java Sea), KIA at 52
  • 1945-09-16 Johannes "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch missionary and philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • 1951-11-25 Raden Mas Noto Soeroto, Javanese poet (Wayang Songs), dies at 63
  • 1992-05-08 Margaretha D Ferguson-Wigerink, Dutch author (Fear on Java), dies at 71
  • 1992-12-24 Abdulkadir Widjojoatmodjo, Java diplomat, dies