The History of Sumatra

Historical Events

  • 1816-12-10 Dutch regain Sumatra from the British
  • 1819-06-12 Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang, Sumatra
  • 1832-02-06 US ship destroys Sumatran village in retaliation for piracy
  • 1869-11-01 Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
  • 1901-02-03 Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu IliĆ« on Sumatra
  • 1903-12-06 Sumatra Atjehs guerilla leader Panglima Polim surrenders
  • 1904-06-14 Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all inhabitants
  • 1914-11-09 Off Cocos Island, near Sumatra, the Australian cruiser 'Sydney' sinks German cruiser 'Emden', which has been attacking ships in the Pacific
  • 1942-02-14 Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang, Sumatra
  • 1942-02-15 Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
  • 1942-03-11 Japanese troops land on North Sumatra
  • 1944-04-19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • 1945-03-17 Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
  • 1947-07-20 1st political action of Netherlands Army on Java and Sumatra
  • 1948-12-19 2nd political action of Java/Sumatra
  • 1949-01-05 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra
  • 1956-12-20 Military coup under colonel Simbolon in Sumatra
  • 1958-02-15 Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-government of Middle Sumatra
  • 1958-02-22 Indonesian air force bombs Padang, Sumatra and Menado, Celebes
  • 1958-03-13 Government troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1958-04-18 Government troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1994-01-22 5.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Sumatra
  • 1994-02-16 6.5 earthquake strikes South East Sumatra, kills 200
  • 2005-03-28 The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.
  • 2005-09-05 Mandala Airlines Flight 91 crashes into a heavily-populated residential area, seconds after taking off from Medan in Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 100 people on board and 49 people on the ground
  • 2018-06-18 Ferry sinks on Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia, with 193 suspected dead

Famous Birthdays

  • 1795-11-26 Cornelis Pieter Jacob Elout, Dutch military and President of West Sumatra, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1843)C
  • 1797-04-30 Andreas Victor Michiels, Dutch military governor of West-Sumatra, Dutch East Indies, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1849)
  • 1807-05-28 Jan van Swieten, Dutch general and governor of West-Sumatra, born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1888)
  • 1847-06-30 Jacob Theodoor Cremer, Dutch tobacco magnate and administrator for the Deli Company in Sumatra, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1908-08-18 Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Belenggu), born in North Sumatra, Indonesia (d. 1970)
  • 1917-11-05 Claus Adam, American composer and cellist (Juilliard Quartet), born on Sumatra, Indonesia (d. 1983)
  • 1929-11-01 Rudy Kousbroek, Dutch writer and literary (Leopold the Buch), born in Pematang Siantar, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies (d. 2010)
  • 1980-07-07 Kaisa Jouhki, Finnish vocalist (Battlelore), born in Sumatra, Indonesia

Famous Deaths

  • 1843-09-03 Cornelis Pieter Jacob Elout, Dutch military and President of West Sumatra, dies at 47
  • 1849-05-25 Andreas Victor Michiels, Dutch military governor of West-Sumatra, Dutch East Indies, dies in battle at 52
  • 1888-09-09 Jan van Swieten, Dutch governor of West-Sumatra, dies at 71
  • 1923-08-14 Jacob Theodoor Cremer, Dutch tobacco magnate and administrator for the Deli Company in Sumatra, dies at 76
  • 1943-10-25 H van Zanten, guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed