Iranian and Persian History

Iran: Isfahan - Tabriz - Tehran

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 332

  • 0539-10-29 BC King Cyrus "the Great" of Persia marches into Babylon, freeing Jewish captives and allowing them to return home
  • 0539-10-12 BC The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon
  • 0522-09-29 BC Darius I of Persia kills Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire
  • 0480-08-11 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium - Persian naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought off north coast of Euboea.
  • 0479-08-27 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Mycale won by Greek forces over Persian naval troops on Ionian coast, double victory with that at Plataea ends Persian invasion
  • 0479-08-27 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Plataea, Persian forces led by Mardonius routed by Greek army under Pausanias; together with Greek success at Battle of Mycale halts Persian invasion of Greece

Victory in Battle

0331-10-01 BC Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela

  • 0590-02-15 Khosrau II, the last great Sasanian king is crowned King of Persia
  • 0590-03-09 Bahram Chobin is crowned as King Barham VI of Persia
  • 0626-08-07 Battle at Constantinople: Slavic/Persians/Avarenvloot defeated
  • 0632-06-16 Origin of Persian [Yezdegird] Era
  • 0644-11-03 Umar ibn al-Khattab, second Muslim caliph, is killed in Medina by Lu'lu, an enslaved Persian captive
  • 1046-03-05 Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama
  • 1079-03-16 Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar
  • 1256-12-15 Hulagu Khan captures and destroys Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut, in present-day Iran, part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia
  • 1502-03-11 Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty, crowned Shah of Persia (rules till 1524)

Victory in Battle

1507-10-27 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz on Hormuz Island

  • 1515-04-01 Portuguese fleet under Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz, renaming it the Fort of Our Lady of the Conception
  • 1722-03-08 Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • 1722-09-12 Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent in Persia

Music Premiere

1728-02-28 George Frideric Handel's opera "Siroe, re di Persia" premieres in London

  • 1732-01-21 Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha
  • 1739-02-24 Battle of Karnal: Army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah
  • 1828-02-22 Russia & Persia sign Peace of Turkmantsjai
  • 1847-04-14 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1856-12-09 The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
  • 1906-10-06 The Majlis of Iran convened for the first time.
  • 1906-12-30 Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • 1907-08-31 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907-12-15 In Persia, the Shah leads a coup de'etat against the liberal Prime Minister Nasir ul-Mulk and imprisons him, but a popular uprising forces the Shah to restore Nasir ul-Mulk soon after
  • 1908-05-26 At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made, rights acquired by the United Kingdom
  • 1908-06-23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • 1909-03-26 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1909-04-14 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
  • 1910-01-21 British-Russian military intervention in Persia
  • 1911-05-12 American economic expert W. Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • 1911-07-17 Overthrown shah of Persia Mohammed Ali lands on Astrabad with army
  • 1911-11-11 Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
  • 1915-12-12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • 1915-12-20 Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
  • 1916-02-26 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah, Persia
  • 1916-08-10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • 1921-02-20 Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
  • 1921-02-26 The USSR signs treaties respecting the integrity of Persia and of Afghanistan
  • 1924-07-20 Tehran, Persia comes under martial law after the American vice consul, Robert Imbrie, is killed by a religious mob enraged by rumors he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people

Historic Event

1925-03-10 Walter Mittelholzer is 1st to fly over Mount Demawend in Iran

  • 1925-03-21 Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijri calendar
  • 1925-10-31 Cossack officer Reza Chan replaces sultan Ahmad as Shah of Persia

Historic Event

1925-12-12 Last Qajar Shah of Iran deposed; Rezā Shāh Pahlavi takes over

  • 1926-04-22 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
  • 1926-04-25 Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi
  • 1926-08-20 Uprising against Rezā Shāh Pahlavi in Iran
  • 1929-04-03 Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
  • 1929-08-11 Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1929-08-24 Turkey & Persia sign friendship treaty

Historic Event

1934-12-27 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi declares Persia now Iran

Election of Interest

1951-04-28 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)

  • 1951-06-24 Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations
  • 1951-09-10 British begin economic boycott of Iran
  • 1951-09-27 Persian troops occupy oil refinery at Abadan
  • 1952-07-17 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi names Ghavam Sultaneh premier
  • 1952-07-21 Premier Ghavam es-Sultaneh of Persia, resigns
  • 1953-07-08 US stops aid to Persia
  • 1953-08-16 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome
  • 1953-08-19 Democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project)
  • 1953-08-20 General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in a CIA supported coup d'état
  • 1953-08-22 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi returns to Tehran
  • 1953-09-05 US give Persian premier Zahedi $45 million aid
  • 1954-02-20 General Zahedi wins election in Persia
  • 1954-08-16 200 pilgrims drown in Farahzad Iran rain storm flood
  • 1955-10-11 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956-10-29 Suez Crisis erupts into war as Israel invades the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, to be followed by a planned airborne assault by France and Britain
  • 1957-01-31 Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
  • 1958-02-15 Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-government of Middle Sumatra
  • 1959-03-05 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
  • 1959-05-20 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi visits Netherlands
  • 1960-04-24 Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed
  • 1960-09-14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961-04-08 British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236
  • 1962-09-01 12,000 die in an earthquake in western Iran

Historic Siege

1963-06-05 State of siege proclaimed in Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini arrested

  • 1964-04-10 Iranian motor launch catches fire & sinks killing 113 (Persian Gulf)
  • 1965-01-21 Iranian premier Hassan Ali Mansur assassinated by 17-year-old Mohammad Bokharaei, a member of the Fadayan-e Islam
  • 1965-07-03 USSR and Persia sign dam building and economic aid pact
  • 1965-07-21 Pakistan, Iran and Turkey sign Regional Co-Operation pact

Historic Event

1967-05-22 Egyptian President Nasser closes the Straits of Tiran to Israel

  • 1967-10-26 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself after 26 years on the Peacock Throne
  • 1968-08-31 12,000 die in 7.8 quake which destroys 60,000 buildings in NE Iran
  • 1968-09-01 Earthquake destroys Ferdows Persia, 2,000 killed
  • 1971-01-12 Negotiations over price of petroleum begin in Tehran between 6 OPEC Persian Gulf states and 22 oil companies
  • 1971-10-15 The start of the 2,500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia
  • 1972-04-10 7.0 earthquake kills 1/5 of population of Iranian province of Fars
  • 1973-01-23 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi announces that the 1954 operating agreement between a consortium of oil companies and Iran will not be renewed when it expires in 1979
  • 1973-03-16 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Consortium members agree to nationalize all assets immediately in return for an assured 20-year supply of Iranian oil
  • 1973-10-16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent

Famous Birthdays

  • 0810-07-19 Imam Bukhari [Muḥammad al-Bukhari], Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith (Sahih al-Bukhari), born in Bukhara, Greater Khorāsān (now in Uzbekistan) (d. 870)
  • 0865-08-28 Rhazes [Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyāʾ al-Rāzī], Persian physician, born in Ray, Persia (d. 925)
  • 0903-12-07 Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, Persian astronomer, born in Rey, Buyid Persia (d. 986)
  • 0967-12-07 Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr, Persian mystic and poet, born in Mihne, Greater Khorasan (d. 1049)
  • 1006-05-04 Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, The Persian Sufi, born in Herat, Khorasan (now Afghanistan) (d. 1088)
  • 1048-05-18 Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician (cubic equations), astronomer (Jalali calendar, basis of the Persian calendar), poet (quatrains) and philosopher, born in Nishapur, Khorasan (now Iran) (d. 1131)
  • 1207-09-30 Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet, born in Khorassan, Afghanistan (d. 1273)
  • 1213-06-10 Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi, Persian philosopher, born in Hamedan, Iran (d. 1289)
  • 1377-08-20 Shahrukh Mirza, Ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (1405-47), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1447)
  • 1414-11-07 Jami [Mowlanā Nūr Od-dīn ʿabd Or-raḥmān Ebn Aḥmad], Persian poet (Lava’iḥ), born in Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan (d. 1492)
  • 1487-07-17 Ismail I, Shah of Persia, converted Iran from Sunni to Shi'ah, born in Ardabīl, Iran (d. 1524)
  • 1514-02-22 Tahmasp I, shah of Persia (1524-76)/author (Tazkire-i Shah)
  • 1547-09-16 Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch East Indies poet, born in Agra, Mughal India (d. 1595)
  • 1556-01-27 Abbas I, "the Great," shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • 1688-10-22 Nader Shah, Iranian ruler (1736-47) and founder of Afsharid Dynasty of Persia, born in Kobhan, Iran (d. 1747)
  • 1723-03-23 Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, King of Iran (d. 1771)
  • 1789-08-26 Abbas Mirza, Crown Prince of Qājār dynasty of Iran, introduced Western military techniques, born in Nava, Mazandaran (d. 1833)
  • 1819-10-20 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith, born in Shiraz, Iran (d. 1850)

Francisco Solano López

1826-07-24 Francisco Solano López, President and Dictator of Paraguay (1862-70), born in Asunción, Paraguay (d. 1870)

  • 1834-11-13 Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Mexican author (El Zarco), born in Tixtla, Guerrero, Mexico (d. 1893)

Reza Shah Pahlavi

1878-03-15 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), born in Alasht, Savad Kooh, Mazandaran, Persia (d. 1944)

  • 1882-05-19 Mohammed Mosaddeq, Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)

Ayatollah Khomeini

1902-09-24 Ayatollah Khomeini [Ruhollah Khomeini], Supreme leader of Iran (1979-89), religious figure and political leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, born in Khomeyn, Persia (d. 1989)

  • 1903-02-05 Ivan Galamian, American violinist and violin teacher, born in Tabriz, Persia (d. 1981)
  • 1903-02-19 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Blind Person Owl), (d. 1951)
  • 1903-03-14 Mustafa al-Barzani, Kurdish leader (KDP), born in Barzan, Iraqi Kurdistan (d. 1979)
  • 1904-02-02 Buzurg Alavi, Persian author (Panjah va sih nafar, Namal'ha)
  • 1907-04-20 Miran Bakhsh, Pakistani cricket spin bowler (2 Tests, 2 wickets; Punjab), born in Rawalpindi, Pakistan (d. 1991)

William J. Casey

1913-03-13 William J. Casey, American head of the CIA during the Iran-contra scandal (1981-87), born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)

  • 1919-10-22 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), born in Kermanshah, Iran (d. 2013)

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

1919-10-26 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), born in Tehran, Persia (d. 1980)

  • 1921-11-05 Fawzia Fuad, Egyptian princess who became Queen of Iran as the first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, born in Ras el-Tin Palace, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt (d. 2013)
  • 1923-08-18 Jahangir Khan Irani, cricket wicket-keeper for India (1947-8 Aust tour)
  • 1924-02-17 Gevork Vartanian, Soviet intelligence agent (Operation Long Jump), born in Rostov-on-Don (d. 2012)
  • 1925-12-12 Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (The Book of Alley), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2000)

Fidel Castro

1926-08-13 Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary, Prime Minister (1959-76) and President (1976-2008), born in Birán, Holguin Province (d. 2016)

  • 1927-01-12 Salvatore Martirano, American composer, born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1928-10-07 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter, born in Kashan, Iran (d. 1980)
  • 1930-08-04 Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Iranian shia cleric, born in Mashhad, Iran
  • 1930-10-15 FM-2030 [Fereidoun M. Esfandiary], Iranian-American author and transhumanist (Are You a Transhuman?), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2000)
  • 1930-12-25 Emmanuel Agassi, Iranian boxer and tennis coach (father of Andre Agassi), born in Salmas, Iran (d. 2021)

Raúl Castro

1931-06-03 Raúl Castro, Cuban revolutionary, politician (First Secretary 2011-21) and brother of Fidel Castro, born in Biran, Holguin, Cuba

  • 1931-09-25 Manouchehr Atashi, Persian poet, born in Dashtestan, Iran (d. 2005)
  • 1931-12-12 Ali-Akbar Sa'idi Sirjani, Iranian writer and journalist, born in Sirjan, Kerman (d. 1994)
  • 1932-03-15 David Alliance, Iran/British textile factory/multi-millionaire
  • 1933-03-22 Abolhassan Banisadr, Iranian politician, President of Iran (1980-81), born in Hamadan, Iran
  • 1933-11-23 Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist & revolutionary, born in Kahak, Iran (d. 1977)
  • 1938-10-14 Farah Pahlavi, Queen consort of Iran (1959-61), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1938-12-26 Bahram Beizai, Iranian playwright and film director
  • 1939-02-02 Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist, father of electronics in Iran (d. 2000)
  • 1940-04-04 Bijan, Iranian men's apparel designer (Bijan), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2011)
  • 1940-06-22 Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian author and director (Under the Olive Trees, Close Up, Taste of Cherry), born in Tehran (d. 2016)
  • 1943-01-20 Farhad [Mehrad], Iranian pop, rock and folk singer-songwriter ("Jomeh"), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2002)
  • 1943-09-29 Mohammad Khatami, Iranian politician, President of Iran (1997-2005), born in Ardakan, Iran
  • 1944-03-27 Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (Hamoun), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2008)
  • 1946-10-07 Pengiran Anak Saleha, Queen of Brunei, born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei

Shirin Ebadi

1947-06-21 Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, human rights activist and 1st Iranian Muslim woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize (2003), born in Hamadan, Iran

Hassan Rouhani

1948-11-12 Hassan Rouhani, Iranian politician (President of Iran 2013-), born in Sorkheh, Semnan

  • 1949-08-25 Fariborz Lachini, Iranian film score composer, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1950-05-05 Googoosh [Faegheh Atashin (فائقه آتشین)], Persian singer and actress, born in Sarcheshmeh Street, Tehran
  • 1950-07-28 Shahyar Ghanbari, Iranian poet
  • 1950-08-16 Marshall Manesh, Iranian-born American actor
  • 1951-02-04 Dariush Eghbali, Iranian Persian-pop singer and musician, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1952-05-11 Shohreh Aghdashloo, Iranian actress
  • 1954-06-25 Daryush Shokof, Iranian filmmaker (Hitler's Grave), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1955-04-25 Parviz Parastui, Iranian actor (The Glass Agency), born in Kabudrahang, Hamadan Province, Iran
  • 1955-08-22 Chiranjeevi [Konidela Siva Sankara Vara Prasad], Telugu film actor, dancer and producer, born in Mogalthur, India
  • 1960-01-07 Mohammed Javad Zarif, Iranian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Broujerd
  • 1960-10-31 Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1961-11-11 Matt Ghaffari, Iranian-American greco-roman wrestler (Olympic silver 1992, 96), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1963-05-28 Houman Younessi, Iranian-born scientist
  • 1967-06-21 Pierre Omidyar, Iranian-American billionaire (founded eBay), born in Paris, France
  • 1968-11-23 Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar and lexicographer, born in Saqqez, Iran
  • 1969-03-21 Ali Daei, Iranian footballer
  • 1969-11-22 Marjane Satrapi, Iranian graphic novelist
  • 1970-01-03 Mahaya Petrosian, Iranian actress
  • 1970-03-27 Princess Leila Pahlavi of Iran, youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2001)
  • 1970-07-31 Ahmad Akbarpour, Iranian writer (The Train of That Night), born in Chah Varz, Lamerd, Iran
  • 1971-03-26 Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian zoologist and sociobiologist
  • 1971-10-26 Ronnie Irani, English cricketer (Essex all-rounder, England 1996), born in Leigh, Lancashire, England
  • 1972-01-13 Atoosa Rubenstein, Iranian-born American magazine editor
  • 1972-07-31 Tami Stronach, Iranian actress (Neverending Story), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1972-11-20 Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian born poet, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1974-09-08 Tanaz Eshaghian, Iranian-American documentary filmmaker (Be Like Others), born in Iran
  • 1975-07-06 Amir-Abbas Fakhravar, Iranian journalist and activist (Annie Taylor Award), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1975-12-25 Pardis Sabeti, Iranian-American biologist and geneticist, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1976-06-10 Hadi Saei Bonehkohal, Persian taekwondoka
  • 1976-10-29 Mohsen Emadi, Iranian-Mexican Poet, born in Sari, Iran
  • 1977-04-08 Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1977-07-24 Mehdi Mahdavikia, Iranian football player
  • 1978-05-12 Hossein Reza Zadeh, Iranian weightlifter and politician, born in Ardabil, Iran
  • 1978-11-08 Ali Karimi, Iranian footballer, born in Karaj, Iran
  • 1979-04-28 Bahram Radan, Iranian actor (The Passion of Love), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1980-09-07 Javad Nekounam, Iranian soccer midfielder (151 caps; Pas, Osasuna), born in Rey, Iran
  • 1981-09-02 Fariborz Kamkari, Iranian film director and producer
  • 1982-02-05 Aidin Nikkhah Bahrami, Iranian basketball player, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2007)
  • 1983-03-06 Andranik Teymourian, Iranian soccer player
  • 1984-04-30 Shawn Daivari, Persian-American professional wrestler and manager
  • 1984-06-09 Masoud Shojaei, Iranian footballer, born in Shiraz, Iran

Famous Weddings

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

1939-03-16 Princess Fawzia of Egypt (17) marries the Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (19)

Famous Deaths

  • 0628-04-03 Khosrow II, Sāsānian King of Persia (579-628), murdered by his son Kavad at about 57
  • 0630-04-27 King Ardashir III of Persia, Sasanian shah of Iran, dies at 9
  • 0630-06-09 Shahrbaraz, General and King of Sasanian Persian Empire (630), killed after 40 days in power
  • 0838-01-04 Babak, Persian social/religious reformer, martyred
  • 0922-03-27 Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur, Persian mystic, beheaded at 64
  • 0925-10-27 Rhazes [Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyāʾ al-Rāzī], Persian, dies at 60
  • 1049-01-12 Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr, Persian mystic and poet, dies at 81

Tughril

1063-09-04 Tughril, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad and founder of the Seljuk Empire (1037-63), dies at about 73

  • 1072-12-15 Alp Arslan, Turkish sultan in Persia (b. 1029)
  • 1123-12-04 Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician (cubic equations), astronomer (Jalali calendar, basis of the Persian calendar), poet (quatrains) and philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1209-03-12 Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami, Persian poet, dies
  • 1273-12-17 Jalaluddin Muhammad Rumi, Persian poet, scholar and mystic dies aged 65 or 66
  • 1291-03-05 Sa'ad al'Da'ulah, Jewish grand vizier of Persia, assassinated
  • 1291-03-10 Arghun, 4th Mongul ruler of Ilkhanate dynasty
  • 1292-12-09 Sa'di, great Persian poet (Orchard, Rose Garden), dies
  • 1429-06-22 Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
  • 1447-03-12 Shahrukh Mirza, Ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (1405-47), dies at 69
  • 1492-11-09 Jami [Mowlanā Nūr Od-dīn ʿabd Or-raḥmān Ebn Aḥmad], Persian poet (Lava'ih), dies at 78
  • 1524-05-23 Ismail I, Shah of Persia, converted Iran from Sunni to Shi'ah, dies at 36
  • 1595-10-15 Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch East iIndies poet, dies at 48
  • 1629-01-19 Abbas I, Abbas the Great, Shah of Persia (1588-1629), dies at 57
  • 1747-06-19 Nader Shah, Iranian ruler (1736-47) and founder of Afsharid Dynasty of Persia, murdered at 58
  • 1797-06-17 Aga Mohammed Khan, cruel ruler of Persia, castrated & killed
  • 1833-10-25 Abbas Mirza, Crown Prince of Qājār dynasty of Iran, introduced Western military techniques, dies at 44
  • 1850-07-09 Bab [Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad], Persian founder of Babism, executed by firing squad on orders of the Persian government at 30
  • 1892-05-29 Baha'u'llah [Mirza HA Noeri], Persian founder (Baha'i), dies at 74
  • 1893-02-13 Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Mexican author (El Zarco), dies at 58
  • 1896-05-01 Nasr-ed-Din, shah of Persia (184.-96), murdered at 65
  • 1921-11-28 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Persian leader of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1844)
  • 1926-11-22 Darvish Khan, Iranian classical tar (Persian lute) player, dies in a vehicle accident at 54

Reza Shah Pahlavi

1944-07-26 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies of a heart ailment at 66

  • 1951-03-07 Haj Ali Razmara, 33rd Prime Minister of Iran (1950-51), assassinated at 49
  • 1951-04-09 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Hadji Aga), dies at 48
  • 1954-11-10 Hussein Fatemi, Iran Foreign minister, executed
  • 1965-01-26 Ali Mansoer, premier of Persia, murdered

Mohammad Mosaddegh

1967-03-05 Mohammad Mosaddegh, Prime Minister of Iran (1951-53) who was overthrown in a coup d'état aided by the CIA and the British SIS, dies at 84

  • 1977-06-19 Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist (b. 1933)
  • 1979-02-16 Mehdi Rahimi, Iranian general and military governor of Tehran under the Shah of Iran, executed by a firing squad during the Islamic Revolution at around 57
  • 1979-02-16 Nematullah Nassiri, Iran general/head of Savak, executed
  • 1979-03-01 Mustafa al-Barzani, Kurdish leader (KDP), dies at 75
  • 1979-12-07 Prince Chahryar Shafik, Shah of Iran's nephew, murdered in Paris
  • 1980-04-21 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (b. 1928)

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

1980-07-27 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), dies in Cairo of splenomegaly at 60

  • 1981-06-28 Mohammed Beheshti, Iranian cleric and politician (Chief Justice of Iran), assassinated in Hafte Tir bombing at 52
  • 1981-08-30 Mohammad-Ali Rajai, President of Iran (1981), assassinated by a bomb at 48
  • 1981-09-05 Ayatollah Ali Qoddusi, prosecutor-general of Iran, assassinated
  • 1982-02-25 J K Irani, cricket wicket-keeper (2 Tests for India 1947-48), dies
  • 1982-09-15 Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, Iran's former foreign minister, executed in Iran
  • 1987-09-28 Mehdi Hashemi, Iranian aid of Ayatollah Khomeini, shot for treason

Ayatollah Khomeini

1989-06-03 Ayatollah Khomeini [Ruhollah Khomeini], Supreme leader of Iran (1979-89), dies of a heart attack at 89

  • 1989-07-13 Abdul Rahman Qassemlu, Iran Kurds leader, murdered
  • 1990-01-20 Hayedeh [Ma'soumeh Dadehbala], Persian classical, pop, and folk singer, dies of a heart attack at 47
  • 1990-03-15 Farzad Bazoft, Iranian-born journalist (hanged) (b. 1958)
  • 1991-02-08 Miran Bakhsh, Pakistani cricket spin bowler (2 Tests, 2 wickets; Punjab), dies at 47
  • 1991-08-06 Shapour Bakhtiar, premier Iran (1979), dies in Paris
  • 1991-08-07 Shapur Bahktiar, Iranian politician, Prime Minister of Iran (1979), assassinated at 77
  • 1992-01-22 Ali Amini, Prime Minister of Iran (1961-62), dies
  • 1993-03-16 Mohammed Hussein Nagdi, Iran diplomat/resistance fighter, murdered
  • 1993-12-09 Muhammad Reza Golpayegani, ayatollah of Iran, dies
  • 1994-04-13 Taleb Ali al-Suheil, Iran sheik, murdered in Lebanon at 64
  • 1994-11-20 Ali-Akbar Sa'idi Sirjani, Iranian poet and journalist, dies at 64
  • 1994-11-29 Muhammad Ali Araki, Iranian grand ayatollah (Marja'), dies at 99
  • 1995-01-05 Mansour Sattari, Iranian Brigadier General and commandant (Iran Air Force), dies at 46
  • 1995-01-20 Mehdi Bazargan, director Iranian oil corp/premier (1979), dies at 86
  • 1995-03-17 Ahmad Khomeini, youngest son of Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini, dies at 48
  • 1998-08-08 Mahmoud Saremi, Iranian journalist
  • 2000-07-24 Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (The Book of Alley), dies at 74
  • 2000-08-26 Akbar Adibi, Iranian engineer and professor (electronics and VLSI technology), dies at 61
  • 2001-06-10 Princess Leila Pahlavi of Iran, youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, dies at 31
  • 2002-07-04 Mansoor Hekmat, Iranian politician (b. 1951)
  • 2003-09-06 Mohammad Oraz, Iranian mountain climber (b. 1969)
  • 2005-06-24 Hakham Yedidia Shofet, Former chief rabbi of Iran (b. 1908)
  • 2005-10-24 Mokarrameh Ghanbari, Iranian painter (b. 1928)
  • 2005-11-20 Manouchehr Atashi, Persian poet, dies at 74
  • 2006-06-15 Alireza Shapour Shahbazi, Iranian archaeologist and a world expert on Achaemenid archeology, dies of cancer at 63
  • 2006-12-28 Jamal Karimi-Rad, Iranian Minister of Justice (b. 1956)
  • 2007-06-16 Grand Ayatollah Fazel Lankarani, Iranian cleric (b. 1931)
  • 2007-06-25 Mahasti, Persian singer (b. 1946)
  • 2007-08-06 Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian rock guitarist (Bikini; Omen; Carpathia Project Tirana Rockers; solo), dies at 38
  • 2007-08-16 Bahaedin Adab, Iranian MP (b. 1945)
  • 2007-12-24 Akbar Radi, Iranian dramatist and playwright (b. 1939)
  • 2007-12-28 Aidin Nikkhah Bahrami, Iran national basketball team player (b. 1982)
  • 2008-01-09 Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (b. 1977)
  • 2008-02-09 Jazeh Tabatabai, Iranian avant-garde painter, poet and sculptor. (b. 1931)
  • 2008-02-15 Amnon Netzer, Iranian-Israeli historian (b. 1934)
  • 2008-07-18 Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (Hamoun), dies at 64
  • 2009-12-19 Hossein-Ali Montazeri, Iranian dissident cleric Grand Ayatollah (b. 1922)
  • 2011-03-04 Alenush Terian, Iranian astronomer and physicist (b. 1920)
  • 2013-11-17 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist and Nobel laureate (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), dies at 94
  • 2016-07-04 Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian author and director (Under the Olive Trees, Close Up, Taste of Cherry), dies at 76