Tehran in History

Iran: Isfahan - Tabriz

Historical Events

  • 1908-02-28 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Tehran
  • 1924-07-20 Tehran, Persia comes under martial law after the American vice consul, Robert Imbrie, is killed by a religious mob enraged by rumors he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people

Conference of Interest

1943-12-01 At the end of the Tehran Conference, the Big Three (Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt) agree that the invasion of Normandy should take place in May 1944

Historic Event

1953-08-22 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi returns to Tehran

  • 1971-01-12 Negotiations over price of petroleum begin in Tehran between 6 OPEC Persian Gulf states and 22 oil companies
  • 1971-02-14 Tehran agreement signed; oil companies accept 55 percent tax rate, immediate increase in posted prices, and further successive increases
  • 1973-10-08 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • 1974-12-05 Airport terminal roof in Tehran collapses killing 17

Historic Event

1978-09-08 Iranian army fires on Khomeini followers in Tehran, 100s killed

  • 1978-11-04 Iranian troops fire on anti-Shah student protesters by Tehran University
  • 1978-12-02 Protesters chant "Allah is great" at an Anti-Shah protest in Tehran, Iran
  • 1979-01-20 1 million Iranians march in Tehran in a show of support for the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini, fundamentalist Muslim leader
  • 1979-05-09 Iranian-Jewish businessman Habib Elghanian is the 1st Jew executed by the Islamic government firing squad in Tehran, prompting the mass exodus of the once 100,000-strong Jewish community of Iran
  • 1979-05-13 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and family sentenced to death in Tehran

Iran Hostage Crisis

1979-11-04 500 Iranian students loyal to Ayatollah Khomeini seize the US Embassy in Tehran, taking 90 hostages for 444 days

  • 1980-01-01 Mob storms Russian embassy in Tehran
  • 1980-11-20 United Nations Gulf War mediator Olof Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad
  • 1981-01-20 The US diplomats and citizens held hostage at the US embassy in Tehran are released and begin their journey home after 444 days
  • 1981-06-29 Bomb attack on headquarters of Islamic Party in Tehran, 72 killed
  • 1982-10-02 Bomb attack in Tehran, kills 60, injures 700
  • 1986-05-07 Iraq bombs a Tehran oil refiner
  • 1986-08-19 Car bomb kills 20 in Tehran, Iran
  • 1988-03-01 Iraq says it launched 16 missiles into Tehran
  • 1994-10-12 Iranian Fokker F28 explodes between Isfahan and Tehran, killing 66
  • 1999-07-09 Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran

Conference of Interest

2006-12-11 International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

  • 2011-02-15 "A Separation" written and directed by Asghar Farhad, starring Leila Hatamiand and Payman Maadi premieres at the Fajr Film Festival in Tehran (Academy Award Best Foreign Film)
  • 2017-01-19 High-rise building collapses in Tehran, killing 20 firefighters
  • 2017-06-07 Suicide bombers attack Iranian parliament in Tehran and the mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini killing 12, 1st Islamic State attacks in Iran
  • 2019-01-29 Tehran, Iran bans dog walking in public, and driving with dogs
  • 2019-09-10 Iranian woman Sahar Khodayari dies after setting herself on fire during her trial, for entering a stadium disguised as a man in Tehran
  • 2019-10-10 3,500 women are the first to be allowed to attend a football match in Iran for a World Cup qualifier in Tehran, since the Islamic revolution

Historic Event

2019-11-17 Iran's Ayatollah Ali Khamenei labels protesters "thugs" after unrest over higher gasoline prices brought Tehran to a standstill day before

  • 2020-01-08 Ukrainian Boeing 737-800 crashes just after take-off from Tehran, Iran, killing all 176 people on board

Famous Birthdays

Mohammad Mosaddegh

1882-06-16 Mohammad Mosaddegh, Prime Minister of Iran (1951-53) who was overthrown in a coup d'état aided by the CIA and the British SIS, born in Tehran, Persia (d. 1967)

  • 1886-11-21 Harold Nicolson, English diplomat and author (Good Behaviour), born in Tehran, Persian Empire (d. 1968)
  • 1901-03-30 Haj Ali Razmara, 33rd Prime Minister of Iran (1950-51), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1951)

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

1919-10-26 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), born in Tehran, Persia (d. 1980)

  • 1925-12-12 Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (The Book of Alley), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2000)
  • 1934-12-29 Forough Farrokhzad, Iranian pre-eminent poet and film director, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1967)
  • 1936-02-26 Cyrus Faryar, Iranian-American folk musician, songwriter, and record producer (Modern Folk Quartet), born in Tehran, Persia
  • 1938-10-14 Farah Pahlavi, Queen consort of Iran (1959-61), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1940-04-04 Bijan, Iranian men's apparel designer (Bijan), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2011)
  • 1940-06-22 Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian author and director (Under the Olive Trees, Close Up, Taste of Cherry), born in Tehran (d. 2016)
  • 1943-01-20 Farhad [Mehrad], Iranian pop, rock and folk singer-songwriter ("Jomeh"), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2002)
  • 1944-03-27 Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (Hamoun), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2008)
  • 1949-08-25 Fariborz Lachini, Iranian-Canadian composer, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1950-05-05 Googoosh [Faegheh Atashin (فائقه آتشین)], Persian singer and actress, born in Sarcheshmeh Street, Tehran
  • 1954-06-25 Daryush Shokof, Iranian filmmaker (Hitler's Grave), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1960-10-31 Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1961-11-11 Matt Ghaffari, Iranian-American greco-roman wrestler (Olympic silver 1992, 96), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1963-02-23 Reza Abdoh, Iranian-born American director and playwright, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1995)
  • 1970-03-27 Princess Leila Pahlavi of Iran, youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2001)
  • 1972-07-31 Tami Stronach, Iranian actress (Neverending Story), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1972-11-20 Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian born poet, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1975-07-06 Amir-Abbas Fakhravar, Iranian journalist and activist (Annie Taylor Award), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1975-12-25 Pardis Sabeti, Iranian-American biologist and geneticist, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1977-05-03 Maryam Mirzakhani, Iranian mathematician, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2017)
  • 1979-04-11 Nazanin Afshin-Jam, Canadian human rights activist, Miss World Canada, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1982-02-05 Aidin Nikkhah Bahrami, Iranian basketball player, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2007)
  • 1987-12-07 Baran Kosari, Iranian actress, born in Tehran, Iran

Famous Deaths

  • 1979-02-15 Mehdi Rahimi, Iranian general and military governor of Tehran under the Shah of Iran, executed by a firing squad during the Islamic Revolution at around 57