Iraq and Mesopotamia in History

Iraq: Baghdad - Basra - Mosul

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 365

  • 1374-05-03 BC Solar eclipse (2m 07s) seen at Ugarit by Mesopotamian astronomers "On the day of the new moon, in the month of Hiyar, the Sun was put to shame, and went down in the daytime, with Mars in attendance."
  • 0763-06-15 BC Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history
  • 1914-11-06 The British land troops (mostly from the Indian Army) at the head of the Persian Gulf in Mesopotamia, and will begin to move westward in an attempt to draw Turkish troops from other fronts
  • 1914-11-22 Indian troops take Basra in Mesopotamia
  • 1915-09-28 Battle of Kut-el-Amara: British defeat Turks in Mesopotamia
  • 1915-09-29 British army conquers Chilly al Imara, Mesopotamia
  • 1915-11-23 On the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Ctesiphon between Allied and Turkish forces enters its second day
  • 1917-03-11 British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated
  • 1919-01-03 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • 1920-10-01 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • 1921-01-06 The Iraqi Army is formed
  • 1925-07-16 The first parliament in Iraq opened by King Feisal in Baghdad
  • 1925-08-07 League of Nation advises against Turk/Iraqi division of Mosoelgebied
  • 1927-12-14 Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1929-08-11 Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1930-07-01 Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
  • 1931-03-26 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • 1931-04-22 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • 1932-10-03 Iraq gains full independence from Britain, joins League of Nations
  • 1933-08-07 The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
  • 1935-01-14 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
  • 1939-04-04 Faisal II ascends to throne of Iraq
  • 1939-09-11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1941-04-01 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • 1941-04-03 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941-04-17 British troop land in Iraq
  • 1941-06-01 British troops occupy Baghdad, Iraq
  • 1947-10-26 The British military occupation ends in Iraq
  • 1948-05-15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • 1948-05-28 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • 1951-08-13 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
  • 1953-05-02 Feisal II installed as King of Iraq
  • 1955-02-18 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • 1955-02-24 Pact of Baghdad signed between Iraq & Turkey
  • 1955-04-04 British government signs military treaty with Iraq
  • 1956-07-16 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • 1958-02-14 Arab Federation of Iraq & Jordan forms
  • 1958-03-03 Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
  • 1958-05-13 Jordan & Iraq form Arab Federation
  • 1958-07-14 Iraqi Army brigadier Abd al-Karim Qasim forms a military government after overthrowing the Iraqi monarchy in the 14 July Revolution
  • 1958-07-17 King Hussein declares himself head of Jordan/Iraqi federation
  • 1958-08-02 Jordan and Iraq dissolve their Arab Federation, after 3 months
  • 1959-03-08 Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
  • 1959-03-16 Iraq & USSR sign economic and technical treaty
  • 1959-03-24 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • 1959-05-30 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom)
  • 1959-08-17 USSR & Iraq signs contract for building Iraqi nuclear reactor
  • 1960-03-26 Iraq executes 30 after attack on Prime Minister Abd al-Karim Qasim
  • 1960-09-14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961-06-24 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
  • 1961-06-25 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • 1963-02-08 1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)
  • 1964-08-14 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait and Syria form common market
  • 1967-06-10 Israel, Syria, Jordan, Iraq & Egypt end "6-Day War" with UN help
  • 1968-02-26 Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission
  • 1968-07-17 Bloodless coup in Iraq led by General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
  • 1968-09-22 Iraq adopts constitution
  • 1970-03-11 Iraqi Ba'th Party recognizes Kurd nation
  • 1970-07-16 Iraq's constitution goes into effect
  • 1972-04-09 USSR & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1972-06-01 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey
  • 1972-06-09 In a show of support for Iraq, OPEC moves to prevent companies whose interests were nationalized in Iraq from increasing production elsewhere
  • 1973-02-28 Iraq and Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) reach an agreement on compensation for nationalization
  • 1973-10-07 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.
  • 1973-10-16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • 1973-11-25 3 Palestinians hijack KLM B747 above Iraq, to Dubai
  • 1974-02-10 Iran / Iraqi border fight breaks out
  • 1974-12-22 Iraq announces plans to increase its oil production capacity
  • 1975-01-19 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq
  • 1975-03-06 Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • 1975-03-18 Kurds end fight against Iraqi army
  • 1975-12-09 Iraq completes nationalization by taking over the BP, CFP, and Shell shares of the Basrah Petroleum Company
  • 1977-12-05 Egypt breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & South Yemen
  • 1978-07-31 Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris
  • 1978-08-01 Commandos occupy Iraqi embassy in Paris, 1 dead

Historic Event

1978-09-09 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an uprising in the Iranian army

Historic Event

1979-07-16 Premier/pres al-Bakr of Iraq is succeeded by Saddam Hussein

  • 1979-08-08 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein executes 22 political opponents
  • 1980-04-01 Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
  • 1980-09-17 Iraq breaks 1975 treaty with Iran and proclaims sovereignty over Shatt al-Arab waterway
  • 1980-09-17 Iraq under Saddam Hussein signs accord with Algeria
  • 1980-09-22 Iraq invades Iran in an attempt to control the Shatt al-Arab waterway
  • 1980-09-24 Iraqi troops cross Iran's border, encircling Abadan
  • 1980-09-30 Iran rejects a truce call from Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
  • 1980-10-24 Iraqi troops occupies Khorramshar
  • 1980-11-09 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declares holy war against Iran
  • 1980-11-10 Iraq captures southern port of Khorramshahr
  • 1981-02-01 French government accord sends 60 Mirage fighter jets to Iraq
  • 1981-06-07 Israeli F-15/F-16 destroys alleged Iraqi plutonium production facility
  • 1981-09-27 Iran defends its besieged port of Abadan, driving back Iraqi forces
  • 1982-03-22 Iran offensive against Iraq
  • 1982-05-24 Liberation of Khorramshahr; Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran-Iraq War
  • 1982-07-13 Iran launches first attack into Iraq
  • 1982-08-14 Iran "Ramadan-offensive" in Iraq
  • 1983-04-01 Iraq increases missile attacks on Iran
  • 1983-06-20 Iran moves into northern Iraq (casualties top 13,800 in ten days)
  • 1984-02-15 500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq
  • 1984-02-24 Iraq resumes air attack on Iran
  • 1984-03-02 Iran offensive against Iraq fails

Famous Birthdays

  • 1806-11-24 Omar Pasha [Mihajlo Latas], Serbian-Ottoman field marshal (Crimean War) and Governor (Bosnia, Iraq), born in Janja Gora, Military Frontier, Austrian Empire (d. 1871)
  • 1883-03-23 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • 1912-07-01 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal and President of Iraq (1968-79), born in Tikrit, Ottoman Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1914-05-04 Abd al-Karīm Qāsim, Prime Minister of Iraq (1958-63), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 1963)
  • 1917-08-17 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, born in Baghdad (d. 1995)
  • 1923-05-14 Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician
  • 1934-11-27 Ammo Baba, Iraqi-Assyrian footballer and coach, born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2009)
  • 1935-05-02 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), son of Ghasi I, born in Baghdad (d. 1958)
  • 1936-04-28 Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician and close adviser to Saddam Hussein, born in Tel Keppe, Iraq (d. 2015)

Saddam Hussein

1937-04-28 Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq (1979-2003), born in Al-Awja, Iraq (d. 2006)

  • 1942-11-20 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop, born in Mosul, Iraq (d. 2008)
  • 1946-08-16 Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
  • 1948-09-17 Patricia Kluge, British-Iraqi ex-wife of Billionaire John Kluge, born in Baghdad. Iraq
  • 1950-10-31 Zaha Hadid, British architect (London Aquatic Centre), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2016)
  • 1952-11-07 David Petraeus, Commanding General of Multinational Force Iraq (2007-08), born in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York
  • 1958-03-11 Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, interim President of Iraq
  • 1959-04-30 Kamaran Abdalla, Iraq/Engl/Neth actor (Goede Tijden Selechte Tijden)
  • 1961-07-15 Scott Ritter, UN weapons inspector in Iraq
  • 1961-09-12 Kadim Al Sahir, Iraqi singer-songwriter (Ana Wa Laila - Me and Laila), born in Mosul, Iraq
  • 1964-03-21 Ahmed Radhi, Iraqi soccer striker (121 caps; 62 goals; Al-Rasheed; Asian Footballer of the Year 1988), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2020)
  • 1964-06-18 Uday Hussein, Iraqi leader (d. 2003)
  • 1970-03-09 Melissa Rathburn-Nealy, US soldier (Iraqi POW)

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

1971-07-28 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), born in Samarra, Iraq (d. 2019)

  • 1978-01-21 Faris al-Sultan, German-Iraqi triathlete
  • 1980-08-10 Kaysar Ridha, Iraqi-American reality TV contestant
  • 1981-04-05 Michael A. Monsoor, United States Navy SEAL killed in Iraq and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, born in Long Beach, California
  • 1984-06-06 Noor Sabri, Iraqi footballplayer

Famous Weddings

Saddam Hussein

1963-05-05 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein (26) weds teacher Sajida Talfah (26)

Famous Deaths

  • 1937-08-11 Bakr Sidqi, Iraqi general and dictator, assassinated at 47
  • 1949-02-14 Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • 1958-07-14 'Abd al-Ilah, crown prince of Iraq, assassinated at Baghdad during the revolution at 44
  • 1958-07-14 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), son of Ghasi I, assassinated during the revolution at Baghdad at 23
  • 1958-07-15 Nuri al-Said, Iraqi politician, 8-time Prime Minister of Iraq, assassinated while trying to escape during the revolution at 69
  • 1958-12-13 Ahmed Mukhtar Baban, premier of Iraq, executed
  • 1958-12-13 Barhanuddin Bashajan, Iraqi minister of Foreign affairs, executed
  • 1958-12-13 Rafiq Aref, Iraqi chief-staff Arabs Statenbond, executed
  • 1959-03-08 Abdel Wahab Shawwaf, Iraqi colonel/putschist, murdered
  • 1963-02-08 Abd al-Karīm Qāsim, Prime Minister of Iraq (1958-63),, assassinated in Baghdad at 48
  • 1966-04-13 Abdul Salam Arif, Iraqi politician & President of Iraq (1963-66), killed in a plane crash at 45
  • 1978-07-09 Abdul Razak al-Naif, premier of Iraq, murdered
  • 1982-10-04 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal and President of Iraq (1968-79), dies at 68
  • 1992-08-08 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, dies at 92
  • 1993-09-21 Kamaran Abdalla, Iraqi-English-Dutch actor (Best Thing in Life), dies at 34
  • 1995-09-08 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, dies at 78
  • 1997-05-25 Muhammad Fadhel, Iraqi politician, Prime Minister of Iraq (1953-54), dies at 94
  • 1999-02-19 Mohammad al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite cleric and leader who called for government reform, assassinated in an ambush in Najaf, Iraq at 55 [1]
  • 2003-08-29 Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, Iraqi political leader (b. 1939)
  • 2003-09-25 Aquila al-Hashimi, Iraqi politician (b. 1953)
  • 2004-05-17 Ezzedine Salim, leader of Iraqi Governing Council (b. 1943)
  • 2004-10-07 Ken Bigley, British civil engineer, kidnapped and murdered in Iraq (b. 1942)
  • 2006-09-29 Michael A. Monsoor, United States Navy SEAL (posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor), killed in Iraq at 25
  • 2007-01-15 Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Iraqi Revolutionary Court (b. 1945) (executed)
  • 2007-01-29 Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, Iraqi extremist leader (b. 1970)
  • 2007-03-20 Taha Yassin Ramadan, Iraqi politician (b. 1938)
  • 2010-01-25 Ali Hasan al-Majid aka Chemical Ali, Iraqi defense minister and military commander (b. 1941)
  • 2010-07-04 Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-born Lebanese Shiite Muslim cleric and Hezbollah mentor (b. 1935)
  • 2015-06-05 Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician and close adviser to Saddam Hussein, dies at 79