Baghdad in History

Iraq: Basra - Mosul

Historical Events

  • 1055-12-19 Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad
  • 1258-02-13 Baghdad, then a city of 1 million, falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed, tens of thousands slaughtered, ending the Islamic Golden Age

Historic Event

1401-07-09 Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000

Historic Event

1534-12-04 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent occupies Baghdad

  • 1863-04-21 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there
  • 1899-12-23 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 1902-03-18 Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • 1903-03-05 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up
  • 1907-08-03 Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany's plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance
  • 1917-03-11 British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated

Appointment of Interest

1922-10-26 Gertrude Bell appointed Honorary Director of Antiquities in new Department of Antiquities in Baghdad, Iraq (origin of the Baghdad Archaeological Museum)

  • 1925-07-16 The first parliament in Iraq opened by King Feisal in Baghdad
  • 1941-05-22 British troops attack Baghdad
  • 1941-05-30 British Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
  • 1941-06-01 British troops occupy Baghdad, Iraq

Historic Event

1953-08-16 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome

  • 1955-02-18 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • 1955-02-24 Pact of Baghdad signed between Iraq & Turkey
  • 1955-09-23 Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1955-10-11 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956-01-14 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
  • 1959-03-24 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • 1959-05-30 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom)
  • 1969-01-27 14 spies hanged in Baghdad

Historic Event

1980-11-20 United Nations Gulf War mediator Olof Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad

  • 1986-08-12 Iran fires missile at refinery near Baghdad; Iraq raids Iranian terminal at Sirri Island severely disrupting Iranian exports

Historic Event

1990-11-30 US President George H. W. Bush offers to send Secretary of State James Baker to Baghdad to meet with Saddam Hussein

  • 1991-02-13 US air raid on the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad kills more than 408 civilians
  • 1993-06-26 The U.S. launches a cruise missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H. W. Bush in April in Kuwait.

Historic Event

1998-02-20 UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations

Historic Event

2003-04-07 U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later.

Invasion of Iraq

2003-04-09 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces, ending the invasion of Iraq, but resulting in widespread looting

  • 2003-04-14 U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985
  • 2005-08-31 A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people.
  • 2005-10-19 Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity
  • 2006-03-22 Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox
  • 2007-02-03 A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.

Conference of Interest

2008-12-14 President George W. Bush make his fourth and final trip to Iraq as president and is almost struck by two shoes thrown at him by Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi during a farewell conference in Baghdad

  • 2009-08-19 A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others
  • 2009-10-25 The 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings kills 155 and wounds at least 721.
  • 2009-12-08 Bombings in Baghdad, Iraq kill 127 and injure 448.
  • 2012-06-04 Car bomb kills 26 and injures 190 people in central Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2012-06-16 32 people are killed by a car bomb in Baghdad
  • 2012-06-22 Two Baghdad market bombings kill 14 people and injure 106
  • 2012-07-31 Two car bombs kill 21 people in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2012-10-28 15 people are killed and 33 injured by a series of Baghdad car bombings
  • 2013-01-22 A series of Baghdad car bombings kill 17 people
  • 2013-02-17 37 people are killed and 130 are injured in a series of Baghdad car bombings
  • 2013-02-28 28 people are killed and 60 are injured after a series of bombings across Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-03-14 25 people are killed and 50 are wounded by a series of car bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-04-18 27 people are killed and 65 are injured in a cafe bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-06-18 31 people are killed and 60 are injured by two suicide bombings in al-Qahira, Baghdad
  • 2013-07-05 15 people are killed by a bomb attack on a Shia mosque in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-08-06 25 people are killed and 60 are wounded by a series of car bombs in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-08-23 26 people are killed and 55 are injured by a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-09-13 30 people are killed by a mosque bombing attack in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-09-15 21 people are killed in a series of bombings in Baghdad and Shia provinces, Iraq
  • 2013-09-27 7 people are killed in mosque bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-09-30 54 people are killed by a series of car bombs in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-10-20 37 people are killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-11-06 15 people are killed after a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013-11-25 17 people are killed and 37 are wounded in a cafe bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2014-01-30 24 hostages are killed after 6 suicide bombers temporarily take over the Iraqi Ministry of Transportation in Baghdad
  • 2015-08-13 76 people are killed & 212 are wounded by an ISIL truck bomb in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2016-07-02 Large lorry bomb in Baghdad kills at least 125 people and wounds 150, Islamic State claims responsibility
  • 2017-02-16 Car bomb in Bayaa, Baghdad kills at least 48, Islamic State claims responsibility. 3rd attack in 3 days
  • 2017-05-30 Bomb outside government pension office in Baghdad kills 14, injures 34, Islamic State claim respnsibility
  • 2017-05-30 Car bomb outside ice cream shop in Baghdad kills 17, Islamic State claim responsibility
  • 2019-12-31 Iraqi militiamen and protesters breach the outer wall of the US embassy in Baghdad following US airstrikes against Kataib Hezbollah, an Iranian-backed Iraqi militia, on December 29
  • 2020-01-01 Pro-Iranian protesters end siege of US Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2020-01-03 US drone strike kills top Iranian security and intelligence commander, Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani outside Baghdad airport in Iraq
  • 2020-02-11 Snow falls in Baghdad, Iraq, for only the second time in a century

Famous Birthdays

  • 0786-09-14 Al-Ma'mun, 7th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate (813-833), born in Baghdad (d. 833)
  • 1612-07-27 Murad IV, Sultan of Turkey (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1640)
  • 1887-12-23 Eric Blore, British actor (Great Gatsby, Bowery to Baghdad, Abie's Irish Rose, Love Happy), born in London, England (d. 1959)
  • 1895-10-28 John Boles, American singer and actor (Babes in Baghdad), born in Greenville, Texas (d. 1969)
  • 1914-05-04 Abd al-Karīm Qāsim, Prime Minister of Iraq (1958-63), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 1963)
  • 1917-08-17 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, born in Baghdad (d. 1995)
  • 1921-03-21 Abdul Salam Arif, Iraqi politician and President of Iraq (1963-66), born in Baghdad, Mandatory Iraq (d. 1966)
  • 1935-05-02 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), son of Ghasi I, born in Baghdad (d. 1958)
  • 1936-12-07 Martha Layne Collins, American businesswoman and politician (56th Governor of Kentucky), born in Bagdad, Kentucky
  • 1944-10-30 Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • 1945-01-16 Kabir Bedi, Pakistani actor (Thief of Baghdad, Terminal Entry), born in Lahore, Pakistan
  • 1946-06-21 Maurice Saatchi, English-Iraqi advertising CEO (Saatchi & Saatchi), born in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 1948-09-17 Patricia Kluge, British-Iraqi ex-wife of Billionaire John Kluge, born in Baghdad. Iraq
  • 1950-10-31 Zaha Hadid, British architect (London Aquatic Centre), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2016)

Haider al-Abadi

1952-04-25 Haider al-Abadi, Iraqi politician, Prime Minister of Iraq (2014-present), born in Baghdad, Iraq


Famous Deaths


1063-09-04 Tughril, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad and founder of the Seljuk Empire (1037-63), dies at about 73

  • 1258-02-20 Al-Musta'sim, last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad, dies in the sack of Baghdad by being rolled up in a carpet and trampled to death
  • 1520-09-22 Selim I 'Selim the Grim', Sultan of Turkey (1512-20) who captured Baghdad and Cairo, dies at 53
  • 1640-02-08 Murad IV, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, dies from cirrhosis in Istanbul at 27
  • 1958-07-14 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), son of Ghasi I, assassinated during the revolution at Baghdad at 23
  • 1963-02-08 Abd al-Karīm Qāsim, Prime Minister of Iraq (1958-63),, assassinated in Baghdad at 48
  • 2020-01-03 Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, killed at 62 in a US drone strike outside Baghdad airport, Iraq