Iraq and Mesopotamia in History (Part 2)

Iraq: Baghdad - Basra - Mosul

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 365

  • 1984-03-05 US accuse Iraq of using poison gas
  • 1984-03-27 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines

Historic Event

1984-05-26 US President Ronald Reagan rules out US military intervention in Iran-Iraq war

  • 1984-11-26 US & Iraq re-establish diplomatic relations
  • 1985-08-15 First Iraqi air raid on Iran's main oil export terminal, Kharg Island
  • 1986-02-11 Iran begins Fajr-8 offensive against Iraq
  • 1986-02-25 Iran conquers Iraqi Fao peninsula
  • 1986-05-07 Iraq bombs a Tehran oil refiner
  • 1986-06-08 Iraqi jets attack Assadabad satellite station in Afghanistan
  • 1986-07-27 Iraqi jets attack central Iranian city of Arak; Iran threatens missile attack of gulf states supporting Iraq
  • 1986-08-12 Iran fires missile at refinery near Baghdad; Iraq raids Iranian terminal at Sirri Island severely disrupting Iranian exports
  • 1986-12-24 Iran offensive against Iraqi islands of Shatt al-Arab
  • 1986-12-26 Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
  • 1987-05-17 USS Stark hit by Iraqi missiles, 37 sailors die
  • 1988-03-01 Iraq says it launched 16 missiles into Tehran
  • 1988-03-17 Iran says Iraq uses poison gas
  • 1988-08-08 Ceasefire between Iran & Iraq takes effect after 8 years of war
  • 1988-08-19 Iran and Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
  • 1988-08-25 Iran & Iraq begin talks to end their 8 year war
  • 1988-09-03 Estimated by this date 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers killed by Iraq, many using chemical weapons, in aftermath of Iran-Iraq War
  • 1989-01-13 Ruins of Mashkan-shapir (occupied 2050-1720 BC) found in Iraq
  • 1989-02-16 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan & North Yemen form common market
  • 1990-04-11 Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
  • 1990-07-17 Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from Iraq
  • 1990-07-24 US warships in Persian Gulf placed on alert after Iraq masses nearly 30,000 troops near its border with Kuwait
  • 1990-07-25 US Ambassador tells Iraq, US won't take sides in Iraq-Kuwait dispute
  • 1990-08-01 Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait
  • 1990-08-02 Iraq invades and occupies Kuwait, Emir flees to Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-04 European community proposes a boycott of Iraq
  • 1990-08-06 UN Security Council votes 13-0 (2 abstensions Cuba and Yemen) to place economic sanctions against Iraq
  • 1990-08-08 Iraq annexes Kuwait as its 19th province
  • 1990-08-11 Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion

Historic Event

1990-08-12 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories

  • 1990-08-16 Iraq orders 4000 Britons & 2500 Americans in Kuwait to Iraq
  • 1990-08-20 Iraq moves Western hostages to military installations (human shields)
  • 1990-08-24 Iraqi troops surround US & other embassies in Kuwait City
  • 1990-08-25 UN security council authorizes military action against Iraq
  • 1990-08-27 52 Americans arrive in Turkey from Iraq
  • 1990-08-29 Saddam Hussein declares America can't beat Iraq
  • 1990-09-05 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein urges Arabs to rise against the West
  • 1990-09-06 US citizen is shot in Kuwait; oil markets surge on aggressive US statements toward Iraq
  • 1990-09-09 George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki & urge Iraq to leave Kuwait
  • 1990-09-10 Iran agrees to resume diplomatic ties with Iraq
  • 1990-09-13 Iraqi troops storm residence of French ambassador in Kuwait

Historic Event

1990-09-16 Iraq televises an 8 minute uncensored speech from George H. W. Bush

Historic Event

1990-09-24 Iraq invades the French and Dutch missions in Kuwait; French President François Mitterrand calls the action a violation of international law; US warship boards an Iraqi-flagged tanker bound for the port of Basrah

  • 1990-09-24 Saddam Hussein states his willingness to strike first and his intention to damage oil fields in the region if Iraq does strike
  • 1990-09-25 UN Security Council vote 14-1 to impose air embargo against Iraq
  • 1990-10-01 US President George H. W. Bush at UN, condemns Iraq's takeover of Kuwait
  • 1990-10-11 UK Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd says force would be used if Iraq does not withdraw from Kuwait
  • 1990-10-20 Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq)
  • 1990-10-23 Iraq announces release of 330 French hostages
  • 1990-11-04 Iraq says it is preparing for a "dangerous war"
  • 1990-11-20 Soviet Union shows reluctance to endorse the use of force against Iraq

Historic Event

1990-11-26 Mikhail Gorbachev tells Iraq to get out of Kuwait

  • 1990-11-26 US proposes addition to UN resolution that would require Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait by January 1
  • 1990-11-29 UN Security Council approves US-sponsored resolution authorizing the use of force in the Persian Gulf if Iraq does not withdrawal from Kuwait by Jan. 15, 1991
  • 1990-12-01 Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks
  • 1990-12-04 An Iraqi official reports that Iraq will withdraw if it can retain control of the Rumailah field and keep Bubiyan and Werbah islands; also says that demands that the Palestinian issue be treated separately would not be surmountable
  • 1990-12-04 Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages
  • 1990-12-05 Iraq announces willingness to speak with US about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis
  • 1990-12-07 Iraqi Parliament endorses Saddam Hussein's decision to free hostages
  • 1990-12-12 US accuses Iraq of dragging its feet on dates for talks
  • 1990-12-13 US Secretary of State Baker questions Iraq's seriousness about Middle East peace
  • 1990-12-18 Bush reiterates his "no concessions" stance against Iraq
  • 1990-12-22 Iraq announces it will never give up Kuwait
  • 1990-12-24 Saddam Hussein says Israel will be Iraq's 1st target
  • 1990-12-31 Iraq begins a military draft of 17 year olds

Historic Event

1991-01-01 Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak

  • 1991-01-03 8 Iraqi embassy officials are expelled from the UK
  • 1991-01-04 Iraq agrees to send Aziz to Geneva to meet Baker on Jan 9th
  • 1991-01-11 Congress empowers Bush to order attack on Iraq
  • 1991-01-12 US Congress gives George H. W. Bush authority to wage war against Iraq
  • 1991-01-15 UN's deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don't)
  • 1991-01-17 Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles on Israel
  • 1991-01-18 Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel
  • 1991-01-20 US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles
  • 1991-01-21 CBS News correspondant Bob Simon and four TV crew captured and held for 40 days by Iraqis in the Persian Gulf
  • 1991-01-23 World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
  • 1991-01-30 Iraqi troops gain control of Al Khafji inside the Saudi Arabian border
  • 1991-02-13 US bombs Iraqi air raid shelter, killing 334
  • 1991-02-21 USSR announces that Iraq has agreed to a proposal to end the Gulf War, but the US calls the plan unacceptable
  • 1991-02-23 US President George H. W. Bush gives Iraq a 24-hour deadline to withdraw from Kuwait or face a ground war
  • 1991-02-24 US-led forces begin Operation Desert Sabre, the ground invasion of southern Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait
  • 1991-02-28 Gulf War ends after Iraq accepts a ceasefire following their retreat from Kuwait
  • 1991-03-02 UN votes in favor of US resolutions for cease fire with Iraq

Historic Event

1991-03-03 Iraqi generals and US general "Stormin' Norman" Schwarzkopf meet to discuss Gulf War cease fire

  • 1991-03-04 Iraq releases 6 US, 3 British & 1 Italian POW
  • 1991-03-05 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
  • 1991-03-06 Following Iraq's capitulation in the Persian Gulf conflict, US President George H. W. Bush told Congress that "aggression is defeated. The war is over"
  • 1991-03-07 Iraq continues to explode oil fields in Kuwait
  • 1991-03-08 Planeloads of US troops arrive home from the Persian Gulf, Iraq hands over 40 foreign journalists & 2 American soldiers it captured
  • 1991-03-14 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
  • 1991-03-21 UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq
  • 1991-04-05 US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq
  • 1991-04-11 UN Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq declaration
  • 1991-04-25 Iraq announces it expects to resume crude oil and product exports by July
  • 1991-07-15 US troops leave northern Iraq
  • 1991-09-28 UN weapons inspectors ends 5-day standoff with Iraq

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