Iraq and Mesopotamia in History (Part 2)

Iraq: Baghdad - Basra - Mosul

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 365

  • 1984-03-05 US accuse Iraq of using poison gas
  • 1984-03-27 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984-05-26 US President Ronald Reagan rules out US military intervention in Iran-Iraq war

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984-11-26 US & Iraq re-establish diplomatic relations
  • 1985-08-15 First Iraqi air raid on Iran's main oil export terminal, Kharg Island
  • 1986-02-11 Iran begins Fajr-8 offensive against Iraq
  • 1986-02-25 Iran conquers Iraqi Fao peninsula
  • 1986-05-07 Iraq bombs a Tehran oil refiner
  • 1986-06-08 Iraqi jets attack Assadabad satellite station
  • 1986-07-27 Iraqi jets attack central Iranian city of Arak; Iran threatens missile attack of gulf states supporting Iraq
  • 1986-08-12 Iran fires missile at refinery near Baghdad; Iraq raids Iranian terminal at Sirri Island severely disrupting Iranian exports
  • 1986-12-24 Iran offensive against Iraqi islands of Shatt al-Arab
  • 1986-12-26 Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
  • 1987-05-17 USS Stark hit by Iraqi missiles, 37 sailors die
  • 1988-03-01 Iraq says it launched 16 missiles into Tehran
  • 1988-03-17 Iran says Iraq uses poison gas

  • 1988-08-08 Ceasefire between Iran & Iraq takes effect after 8 years of war
  • 1988-08-19 Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
  • 1988-08-25 Iran & Iraq begin talks to end their 8 year war
  • 1988-09-03 Estimated by this date 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers killed by Iraq, many using chemical weapons, in aftermath of Iran-Iraq War
  • 1989-01-13 Ruins of Mashkan-shapir (occupied 2050-1720 BC) found in Iraq
  • 1989-02-16 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan & North Yemen form common market
  • 1990-04-11 Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
  • 1990-07-17 Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from Iraq
  • 1990-07-24 US warships in Persian Gulf placed on alert after Iraq masses nearly 30,000 troops near its border with Kuwait
  • 1990-07-25 US Ambassador tells Iraq, US won't take sides in Iraq-Kuwait dispute
  • 1990-08-01 Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait
  • 1990-08-02 Iraq invades and occupies Kuwait, Emir flees to Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-04 European community proposes a boycott of Iraq
  • 1990-08-06 UN Security Council votes 13-0 (2 abstensions Cuba and Yemen) to place economic sanctions against Iraq
  • 1990-08-08 Iraq annexes Kuwait as its 19th province
  • 1990-08-11 Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-08-12 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein
  • 1990-08-16 Iraq orders 4000 Britons & 2500 Americans in Kuwait to Iraq
  • 1990-08-20 Iraq moves Western hostages to military installations (human shields)
  • 1990-08-24 Iraqi troops surround US & other embassies in Kuwait City

  • 1990-08-25 UN security council authorizes military action against Iraq
  • 1990-08-27 52 Americans arrive in Turkey from Iraq
  • 1990-08-29 Saddam Hussein declares America can't beat Iraq
  • 1990-09-05 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein urges Arabs to rise against the West
  • 1990-09-06 US citizen is shot in Kuwait; oil markets surge on aggressive US statements toward Iraq
  • 1990-09-09 George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki & urge Iraq to leave Kuwait
  • 1990-09-10 Iran agrees to resume diplomatic ties with Iraq
  • 1990-09-13 Iraqi troops storm residence of French ambassador in Kuwait

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-09-16 Iraq televises an 8 minute uncensored speech from George H. W. Bush

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-09-24 Iraq invades the French and Dutch missions in Kuwait; French President Mitterrand called the action a violation of international law; a U.S. warship boards an Iraqi-flagged tanker bound for the port of Basrah

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1990-09-24 Saddam Hussein states his willingness to strike first and his intention to damage oil fields in the region if Iraq does strike
  • 1990-09-25 UN Security Council vote 14-1 to impose air embargo against Iraq
  • 1990-10-01 US President George H. W. Bush at UN, condemns Iraq's takeover of Kuwait
  • 1990-10-11 UK Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd says force would be used if Iraq does not withdraw from Kuwait
  • 1990-10-20 Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq)
  • 1990-10-23 Iraq announces release of 330 French hostages
  • 1990-11-04 Iraq says it is preparing for a "dangerous war"
  • 1990-11-20 Soviet Union shows reluctance to endorse the use of force against Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-11-26 Mikhail Gorbachev tells Iraq to get out of Kuwait

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1990-11-26 US proposes addition to UN resolution that would require Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait by January 1
  • 1990-11-29 UN Security Council approves US-sponsored resolution authorizing the use of force in the Persian Gulf if Iraq does not withdrawal from Kuwait by Jan. 15, 1991
  • 1990-12-01 Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks
  • 1990-12-04 Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages
  • 1990-12-04 An Iraqi official reports that Iraq will withdraw if it can retain control of the Rumailah field and keep Bubiyan and Werbah islands; also says that demands that the Palestinian issue be treated separately would not be surmountable
  • 1990-12-05 Iraq announces willingness to speak with US about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis
  • 1990-12-07 Iraqi parliment endorses Saddam Hussein's decision to free hostages
  • 1990-12-12 US accuses Iraq of dragging its feet on dates for talks
  • 1990-12-13 US Secretary of State Baker questions Iraq's seriousness about Middle East peace
  • 1990-12-18 Bush reiterates his "no concessions" stance against Iraq
  • 1990-12-22 Iraq announces it will never give up Kuwait
  • 1990-12-24 Saddam Hussein says Israel will be Iraq's 1st target
  • 1990-12-31 Iraq begins a military draft of 17 year olds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991-01-01 Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1991-01-03 8 Iraqi embassy officials are expelled from the UK
  • 1991-01-04 Iraq agrees to send Aziz to Geneva to meet Baker on Jan 9th
  • 1991-01-11 Congress empowers Bush to order attack on Iraq
  • 1991-01-12 US Congress gives George H. W. Bush authority to wage war against Iraq
  • 1991-01-15 UN's deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don't)
  • 1991-01-17 Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles on Israel
  • 1991-01-18 Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel
  • 1991-01-20 US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles
  • 1991-01-21 CBS News correspondant Bob Simon and four TV crew captured and held for 40 days by Iraqis in the Persian Gulf

KuwaitKuwaiti Oil Fires

1991-01-22 Kuwaiti oil facilities are destroyed by Iraqi forces
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Set alight by retreating Iraqi troops, Kuwaiti oil fires burnt long after the Gulf War finished
Set alight by retreating Iraqi troops, Kuwaiti oil fires burnt long after the Gulf War finished
  • 1991-01-23 World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
  • 1991-01-30 Iraqi troops gain control of Al Khafji inside the Saudi Arabian border
  • 1991-02-13 US bombs Iraqi air raid shelter, killing 334
  • 1991-02-21 USSR announces that Iraq has agreed to a proposal to end the Gulf War, but the US calls the plan unacceptable
  • 1991-02-23 US President George H. W. Bush gives Iraq a 24-hour deadline to withdraw from Kuwait or face a ground war
  • 1991-02-24 US-led forces begin Operation Desert Sabre, the ground invasion of southern Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait
  • 1991-02-28 Gulf War ends after Iraq accepts a ceasefire following their retreat from Kuwait
  • 1991-03-02 UN votes in favor of US resolutions for cease fire with Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991-03-03 Iraqi generals and US general "Stormin' Norman" Schwarzkopf meet to discuss Gulf War cease fire

US General Norman Schwarzkopf
US General
Norman Schwarzkopf
  • 1991-03-04 Iraq releases 6 US, 3 British & 1 Italian POW
  • 1991-03-05 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
  • 1991-03-06 Following Iraq's capitulation in the Persian Gulf conflict, US President George H. W. Bush told Congress that "aggression is defeated. The war is over"
  • 1991-03-07 Iraq continues to explode oil fields in Kuwait
  • 1991-03-08 Planeloads of US troops arrive home from the Persian Gulf, Iraq hands over 40 foreign journalists & 2 American soldiers it captured
  • 1991-03-14 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
  • 1991-03-21 UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq
  • 1991-04-05 US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq
  • 1991-04-11 UN Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq declaration
  • 1991-04-25 Iraq announces it expects to resume crude oil and product exports by July
  • 1991-07-15 US troops leave northern Iraq
  • 1991-09-28 UN weapons inspectors ends 5-day standoff with Iraq

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