Israel in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 553

  • 0445-10-31 BC Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 9:1, NLTse).

Historic Siege

1191-06-08 King Richard I of England arrives at Acre in modern day Israel to join the Siege of Acre during the Third Crusade

  • 1621-11-19 Rabbi Isaiah ben Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel
  • 1730-04-08 Congregation Shearith Israel opens the 1st North American synagogue in New York City on Mill Street in Lower Manhattan
  • 1878-12-03 Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
  • 1888-06-29 First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel's "Israel in Egypt" on wax cylinder
  • 1903-04-06 The Kishinev pogrom in Bessarabia begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • 1905-11-24 Moshav Hertzlia forms in Israel
  • 1909-12-01 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
  • 1912-12-28 National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • 1920-08-10 Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • 1920-08-20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • 1921-05-24 Bulhoek Massacre: police commissioner Colonel Theodore Truter leads 6 squadrons and artillery detachment against Israelite religious sect collected at annual gathering on land of leader Enoch Mgijima at Ntabalanga; 190 killed
  • 1921-09-11 Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled
  • 1923-04-07 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
  • 1925-02-09 Haifa Technion (Israel) opens
  • 1927-10-23 Town of Netanya, Israel founded by Nathan Strauss
  • 1929-08-23 Arabs attack Jews in Israel
  • 1930-02-05 5th Aliyah to Israel begins
  • 1936-12-26 Israel's Philarmonic Orchestra forms
  • 1942-06-21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)
  • 1947-01-10 British stop ships Independence & In-Gathering from landing in Israel
  • 1947-04-01 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
  • 1947-11-30 Day after UN decree for Israel, Jewish settlements attacked
  • 1948-05-10 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel

Historic Event

1948-05-14 Golda Meir (Meyerson) is one of the signatories of Israel’s independence declaration

  • 1948-05-14 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • 1948-05-14 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • 1948-05-15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel

Election of Interest

1948-05-16 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st President of Israel

  • 1948-05-16 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1948-05-17 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • 1948-05-17 Soviet Union recognizes Israel
  • 1948-05-18 Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus during Arab-Israeli war
  • 1948-05-18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • 1948-05-23 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
  • 1948-05-26 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • 1948-05-28 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • 1948-06-01 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • 1948-06-19 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • 1948-06-21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • 1948-06-30 Last British troops leave Israel
  • 1948-07-10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • 1948-07-15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • 1948-07-17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • 1948-08-16 Israeli pound becomes legal tender
  • 1948-10-14 Large scale fighting between Israel & Egypt
  • 1948-10-16 Demonstration by Moscow Jews honoring Israeli ambassador Golda Meir
  • 1948-10-18 Operation 10 Plagues - Israeli offensive against Egyptian army
  • 1948-10-21 Beersheba liberated by Israeli army
  • 1948-10-22 Egyptian flagship King Farouk sunk by Israel
  • 1948-10-27 Israel recaptures Nizzanim in Negev
  • 1948-10-28 Flag of Israel is adopted
  • 1948-10-29 Israeli forces liberate Meron & Gush-Halev
  • 1948-10-29 Safsaf massacre, Israeli defence forces attack Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee
  • 1948-10-30 Operation Hiram: Israelis take control of Galilee
  • 1948-12-29 Canada recognizes Israel
  • 1949-01-19 Cuba recognises Israel.

Election of Interest

1949-01-25 1st Israeli election won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party

  • 1949-01-29 Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand and Switzerland recognize Israel
  • 1949-02-14 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)
  • 1949-02-17 Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
  • 1949-02-24 Israel & Egypt sign an armistice agreement
  • 1949-02-27 Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st President of Israel
  • 1949-03-04 Security Council of UN recommends membership for Israel
  • 1949-03-29 Turkey recognizes Israel
  • 1949-04-04 Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement
  • 1949-05-11 By a vote of 37-12, Israel becomes 59th member of UN
  • 1949-07-20 Israel's 19 month war of independence ends
  • 1949-11-20 Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
  • 1949-12-13 Knesset votes to transfer Israel's capital to Jerusalem
  • 1950-01-16 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands recognize Israel
  • 1950-01-23 Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
  • 1950-06-25 Israeli airline El Al begins service
  • 1950-07-05 Law of Return passes, guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel

Nobel Prize

1950-09-23 Nobel peace prize awarded to Ralph Bunche for mediation in Israel - 1st African American winner

Operation Magic Carpet

1950-09-24 Operation Magic Carpet concludes after having transported 45,000 Yemenite Jews to Israel

  • 1950-12-10 Ralph Bunche (1st black American) presented the Nobel Peace Prize for mediation in Israel
  • 1951-03-08 Intl Table Tennis Federation bans Egypt (for refusing to play Israel)
  • 1951-03-13 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
  • 1951-04-12 Israeli Knesset officially designates April 13 as Holocaust Day
  • 1951-05-16 The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between Idlewild Airport (New York International Airport) and Heathrow Airport (London), operated by El Al Israel Airlines
  • 1951-08-01 David Ben-Gurion's Mapai-party wins Israeli parliamentary election
  • 1951-09-01 Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion orders establishment of Israeli secret service Mossad
  • 1951-10-07 David Ben-Gurion forms 3rd Israeli government
  • 1952-08-28 German & Israeli reach accord about recovery payments
  • 1952-11-03 Egypt protests German retribution payments to Israel
  • 1952-12-06 Czech government tells Israeli ambassador that he is persona non grata
  • 1952-12-08 Isaak Ben-Zwi elected president of Israel
  • 1952-12-10 Izhak Ben-Zvi elected 2nd president of Israel
  • 1953-02-11 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1953-02-12 USSR breaks relations with Israel
  • 1953-07-20 USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
  • 1953-11-12 David Ben-Gurion, resigns as Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1953-11-17 United States joins the United Nations in condemning Israel's raid on Jordan on October 4, 1953
  • 1953-12-07 Israel's PM Ben-Gurion retires

Music Concert

1954-04-30 Darius Milhaud's 4th Concert for piano and orchestra premieres in Haifa, Israel

  • 1954-10-14 Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya Jordan, kills 53
  • 1955-02-13 Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 261

  • 1718-01-07 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)
  • 1838-02-06 Yisrael Meir Kagan [Chofetz Chayim], Belarusian rabbi, born in Dzyatlava, Belarus (d. 1933)
  • 1874-08-15 Joseph Klausner, Polish-Israeli new testament expert, born in Valkininkai, Lithuania (d. 1958)

Chaim Weizmann

1874-11-27 Chaim Weizmann, Israeli statesman and Zionist leader (1st President of Israel 1949-52), born in Motal, Russian Empire (d. 1952)

  • 1878-02-08 Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli dialogue philosopher and theologist (Ich und Du), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • 1881-12-31 Jacob Israël de Haan, Dutch poet/writer (Pipelines, Jewish Song), born in Holland, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • 1884-05-27 Max Brod, Czech-born Israeli composer, writer, and biographer of Kafka, born in Prague (d. 1968)
  • 1884-11-24 Itzhak Ben-Zvi, President of Israel (d. 1963)
  • 1885-02-24 Joseph Sprinzak, Speaker of Israeli Knesset (1949-59)

Irving Berlin

1888-05-11 Irving Berlin [Israel Beilin], Russian-American composer and lyricist considered one of the greatest songwriters in history ("Always"; "God Bless America"; "White Christmas"; "Cheek To Cheek"), born in Talachyn, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [1] [2]

  • 1888-07-17 Shmuel Agnon, Israel, novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966)
  • 1891-02-07 Joachim Stutschewsky, Austrian-Israeli cellist, composer, and musicologist, born in Romni, Ukraine (d. 1982)
  • 1891-07-29 Bernhard Zondek, German-Israeli gynaecologist
  • 1892-10-28 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Night Watch), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1894-10-15 Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (1954-55), born in Kherson, Russian Empire (d. 1965)
  • 1895-07-10 Nahum Goldmann, Israeli-Zionist leader (Zionist World Organization), born in Wisznewo, Lithuania (d. 1982)
  • 1895-10-25 Levi Eshkol [Sjkolnik], Israeli PM (MWP) (1963-69), born in Oratov, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • 1896-07-13 Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • 1897-07-05 Paul Ben-Haim [Frankenburger], Israeli composer, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1984)
  • 1897-11-03 Karel Salmon, Israeli composer, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1974)

Golda Meir

1898-05-03 Golda Meir [Mabovitch], Israeli teacher, stateswoman and 4th Prime Minister of Israel (1969-74) known as the "Iron Lady" of Israeli politics, born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1978)

  • 1899-04-07 Robert Casadesus, French concert pianist and composer (Symphony No. 7 - "Israel"), born in Paris (d. 1972)
  • 1899-11-23 Marcel Dalio [Israel Moshe Blauschild], French actor (Sabrina, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Casablanca), born in Paris, France (d. 1983)
  • 1902-06-06 Avraham Daus, Israeli composer, born in Berlin (d. 1974)
  • 1903-11-17 Joseph Kaminski, Russian born Israeli composer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1972)
  • 1903-12-22 Marc Lavry [Levin], Latvian-Israeli composer (Emek; Independence Symphony; Song of Songs], and conductor, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1967) [1]
  • 1904-02-23 Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)
  • 1904-05-06 Moshé Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-Israeli engineer and physicist (founder of the Feldenkrais method), born in Slavuta, Russian Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1905-09-25 Nahman Avigad, Israeli archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), born in Zavaliv, Ukraine (d. 1992)
  • 1907-08-16 Alexander Uriah Boskovich, Israeli composer, born in Kolozsvár, Transylvania, Austria-Hungary (d. 1964)
  • 1907-10-01 Oedoen Partos, Hungarian-Israeli violist (Israel Philharmonic, 1938-56), composer, and teacher, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1977)
  • 1907-11-17 Israel Regardie, English occultist, Aleister Crowley's secretary, born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1908-01-06 Menachem Avidom, Israeli composer, born in Stanislaviv, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1909-02-06 Israel Citkowitz, Polish-American composer (The Lambs), and pedagogue, born in Skierniewice, Poland (d. 1974)
  • 1909-03-02 Hanoch Jacoby, Israeli violist (Israel Philharmonic, 1958-74), educator, and composer, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1990)
  • 1909-05-19 Schlomo Joffe, Polish-Israeli folk and classical musician and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1995)
  • 1910-09-18 Josef Tal, Israeli composer (Israeli art music), born in Pinne, German Poland (d. 2008)
  • 1910-09-24 Frank Pelleg [Pollack], Czech-Israeli harpsichordist, pianist, conductor and educator, born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1968) [1]
  • 1910-11-11 Israel Eldad, Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi, born in Pidvolochysk, Galicia (d. 1996)
  • 1911-05-27 Teddy Kollek, Israeli politician (Mayor of Jerusalem), born in Nagyvázsony, Hungary (d. 2007)
  • 1913-01-22 Verdina Shlonsky, Israeli pianist and avant-garde composer, born in Kremenchug, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1990)

Menachem Begin

1913-08-16 Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel (1977-80, 81-83) and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Brest, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 1992)

  • 1913-10-29 (Israël) "Eddie" Constantine, American-French singer and actor (Alphaville; License to Kill; Lucky Jo, It Lives Again), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1993)
  • 1914-04-04 John Beith, British diplomat, ambassador to Israel and Belgium (d. 2000)
  • 1914-10-26 Alexander "Sasha" Argov [Abramovich], Israeli composer, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1995)
  • 1915-02-02 Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (d. 2002)

Moshe Dayan

1915-05-20 Moshe Dayan, Israeli Military Leader and politician, born in Degania Alef, Ottoman Empire (d. 1981)

  • 1915-08-09 Haim Alexander, Israeli composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1915-09-03 Abel Ehrlich, Israeli composer, born in Cranz, East Prussia (d. 2003)

Yitzhak Shamir

1915-10-15 Yitzḥak Shamir, Israeli Prime Minister (1983–84, 1986–1992) and Zionist, born in Ruzinoy, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 2012)

  • 1915-10-20 Giora Schuster, German-Israeli composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2006)
  • 1916-02-26 Mordecai Seter, Israeli composer, born in Novorossiysk, Russia (d. 1994)
  • 1916-05-16 Ephraim Katzir, biophysicist and President of Israel (1973-78), born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 2009)
  • 1917-04-21 Emanuel Vardi, Jerusalem Israel, violist, SD Symph 1978-82)
  • 1918-07-09 Rowley Israel Arenstein, South African attorney and communist

Leonard Bernstein

1918-08-25 Leonard Bernstein, American Grammy, Emmy, and Tony Award-winning conductor (New York Philharmonic, 1958-69; Israel Philharmonic; London Symphony), and composer (West Side Story; Chichester Psalms), born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1990)

  • 1918-09-17 Chaim Herzog, 6th President of Israel (1983-93), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1997)
  • 1918-10-07 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist
  • 1918-10-10 Yigal Allon, Israeli politician, born in Kfar Tavor, Palestine (d. 1980)
  • 1918-11-27 Ze'ev Wolfgang Steinberg, Israeli violist and composer, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 2011)
  • 1919-02-11 Israel Baker, American concert and session violinist (NBC Symphony; Paramount Studios Orchestra), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1919-02-27 Roman Haubenstock-Ramati, Polish-Israeli composer and music editor, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1994)
  • 1919-11-20 Halka Grossman, Israeli resistance fighter and politician, born in Białystok, Second Polish Republic (d. 1996)
  • 1920-05-02 Jacob Gilboa [Erwin Goldberg], Israeli composer, born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (d. 2007)
  • 1920-07-05 Issachar Miron, Israeli composer, born in Kutno, Poland (d. 2015)
  • 1921-04-09 Yitzhak Navon, President of Israel (1978-83), born in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine (d. 2015)
  • 1922-01-18 Yehezkel Braun, Israeli composer (Shir ha-shirim), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 2014)

Yitzhak Rabin

1922-03-01 Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel (1974-77 and 1992-95) and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Jerusalem (d. 1995)

  • 1922-08-25 Ivry Gitlis, Israeli classical violin virtuoso, born in Haifa, Palestine Mandate (d. 2020)
  • 1922-08-29 Emile Habibi, Palestinian Israeli writer (The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist), born in Haifa (d. 1996)
  • 1922-12-16 Seymour "Cy" Leslie, American music (Pickwick Records) and video (MGM/UA Home Entertainment) executive, born in Israel (d. 2008)
  • 1923-02-13 Yfrah Neaman, Israeli-British concert violinist, and pedagogue, born in Sidon, Lebanon dies at 79
  • 1923-03-27 Victor Hochhauser, British impresario (Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra), born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (d. 2019)

Shimon Peres

1923-08-02 Shimon Peres [Szymon Perski], Polish-Israeli Labor Party politician (President. 2007-14; Prime Minister, 1984-86 and 1995-96; Foreign Minister, 1986-88, 1992-95, and 2001-02), and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (1994), born in Wiszniewo, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus) (d. 2016)

  • 1923-12-02 Meshulam Riklis, Turkish-born Israeli businessman and husband of Pia Zadora, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2019)
  • 1923-12-15 Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (Uzi submachine gun), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1924-02-01 Emmanuel Scheffer, Israeli soccer coach (Israel 1968–70, 78–79; only World Cup appearance 1970), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1924-04-12 Sergiu Natra, Romanian-Israeli composer (Symphony in Red, Blue, Yellow and Green), and music professor (Tel Aviv University, 1975-85), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2021)
  • 1924-05-03 Yehuda Amichai, Israeli poet (Now and In Other Days), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1924-06-15 Ezer Weizman, 7th President of Israel (d. 2005)
  • 1924-08-23 Ephraim Kishon, Israeli author, dramatist, screenwriter, and Oscar-nominated film director, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2005)
  • 1925-12-24 Yafa Yarkoni, Israeli singer ("Road to Jerusalem"; "Don't Say Goodbye, Say I Will See You"), born in Mandatory Palestine (d. 2012)
  • 1926-01-10 Musallam Bseiso, Palestinian journalist, thinker, and politician, born in Beit She'an, Israel (d. 2017)
  • 1926-08-21 Ben-Zion Orgad, Israeli composer, born in Gelsenkirchen, Germany (d. 2006)
  • 1926-12-16 Josef Hadar, Israeli violinist and composer (Evening of Roses), born in Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine (now Israel) (d. 2006)
  • 1927-09-02 Tzvi Avni, Israeli classical composer (Meditations On A Drama), born in Saarbrücken, Germany
  • 1928-02-26 Ariel Sharon, Israeli general and politician, Prime Minister of Israel (2001-2006), born at Kfar Malal (d. 2014)
  • 1928-04-08 Leah Rabin (nee Schloßberg), wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, born in Königsberg, Germany (now Kaliningrad, Russia) (d. 2000)
  • 1928-05-11 Yaacov Agam, Israeli sculptor
  • 1928-07-10 Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • 1929-01-19 Israel "Ulu" Grosbard, Belgian-born American actor and director (Straight Time, Georgia, Falling in Love), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 2012)
  • 1929-05-22 Asher Ben-Yohanan, Israeli composer, born in Kávala, Greece (d. 2015)
  • 1929-10-17 Ram Da-Oz [Abraham Daus], Israeli composer, born in Berlin
  • 1929-11-04 Shaike Ophir, Israeli actor, comedian and Israel's 1st mime (The Policeman, The Delta Force), born in Jerusalem, Mandate Palestine (d. 1987)
  • 1930-06-08 Robert Aumann, German-Israeli mathematician (The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1930-08-18 Liviu Librescu, Israeli professor, killed in the Virginia Tech massacre
  • 1931-07-21 León Schidlowsky, Chilean-Israeli composer (Absalom; The Darkest Night; Before Breakfast), graphic artist, and painter, born in Santiago, Chile
  • 1931-09-05 Moshe Mizrahi, Israeli film director (Madame Rosa), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 2018)
  • 1932-02-16 Aharon Appelfeld, Israeli writer, born in Jadova Commune, Kingdom of Romania

Famous Weddings

Sammy Davis Jr.

1960-11-13 American entertainer Sammy Davis, Jr. (34) marries Swedish actress May Britt (26) at Temple Israel of Hollywood, California; divorce in 1968

  • 1973-07-06 "The Avengers" actress Diana Rigg (35) weds Israeli painter Menachen Gueffen (43)

James Van Der Beek

2010-08-01 "Dawson's Creek" actor James Van Der Beek (33) weds business consultant Kimberly Brook at the Kabbalah Center in Tel Aviv, Israel

  • 2015-09-24 International supermodel Bar Refaeli (30) weds businessman Adi Ezra at the Beresheet Hotel in Israel
  • 2016-11-11 Singer-songwriter Adrienne Bailon (33) weds musician Israel Houghton (45) at the Hotel Plaza Atheneel in Paris

Famous Deaths

  • 1760-05-22 Israel ben Eliezer, Polish-born mystical rabbi (b. 1700)
  • 1790-05-29 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)
  • 1909-06-28 Israel Durham, Phillies president dies
  • 1911-08-12 Jozef Israels, painter, dies
  • 1924-06-30 Jacob Israel de Haan, Dutch poet and writer (Pypelyntjes), dies at 42
  • 1926-08-01 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, dies at 62
  • 1932-08-05 Israël Querido, Dutch writer (Jordan), dies at 59
  • 1943-06-01 Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist

Chaim Weizmann

1952-11-09 Chaim Weizmann, Israeli statesman and Zionist leader (1st President of Israel 1949-52), dies at 77

  • 1953-08-11 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Heimliche Gegenwart), dies at 60
  • 1958-10-27 Joseph Klausner, Polish-Israeli new testament expert, dies at 84
  • 1959-01-28 Joseph Sprinzak, Speaker of Israel Knesset (1949-59), dies at 73
  • 1959-07-25 Isaac Halevi Herzog, chief rabbi of Israel (1936-59), dies at 71

ExecutionAdolf Eichmann

1962-06-01 Adolf Eichmann, German Nazi officer (SS-Obersturmbannführer, Holocaust organizer), hanged in Israel at 56

  • 1963-10-15 Edmond Fleg[enheimer], Swiss-French writer (Ecoute Israel), dies at 88
  • 1964-11-05 Alexander Uriah Boskovich, Israeli composer, dies at 57
  • 1965-06-13 Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli dialogue philosopher and theologist (Ich und Du), dies at 87
  • 1965-07-07 Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (1954-55), dies at 70
  • 1965-08-28 Giulio Racah, Israeli physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1966-11-08 Bernhard Zondek, German-Israeli gynaecologist, dies at 75
  • 1967-03-24 Marc Lavry [Levin], Latvian-Israeli composer (Emek; Independence Symphony; Song of Songs], and conductor, dies at 63 [1]
  • 1968-09-20 Frank Pelleg [Pollack], Czech-Israeli harpsichordist, pianist, conductor and educator, dies at 57
  • 1968-12-20 Max Brod, Czech-born Israeli composer, writer and biographer of Kafka, dies at 84
  • 1969-02-26 Levi Eshkol [Sjkolnik], Israeli Prime Minister (1963-69), dies in office of a heart attack at 73
  • 1972-09-05 Josef Romano, Israeli olympian, murdered
  • 1972-09-05 Mosje Weinberg, Israeli olympic wrestling coach, murdered
  • 1972-09-19 Robert Casadesus, French concert pianist and composer (Symphony No. 7 - "Israel"), dies at 73
  • 1973-12-14 Yitzhak Edel, Israeli composer, dies at 77
  • 1974-01-15 Karel Salmon [Karl Salomon], Israeli operatic bass-baritone singer, composer, and conductor, dies at 76
  • 1974-05-04 Israel Citkowitz, Polish-American composer (The Lambs), and pedagogue, dies at 65
  • 1974-12-15 Erich Walter Sternberg, German-Israeli composer (Israel Philharmonic Orchestra), dies at 83
  • 1975-04-25 Mike Brant, Israeli singer (b. 1947)
  • 1976-07-04 Yonatan Netanyahu, Israel commander killed freeing Israeli hostages during Operation Entebbe in Uganda, at 30 years
  • 1977-01-03 Avraham Ofer, Israeli minister of housing, commits suicide
  • 1977-07-06 Oedoen Partos, Hungarian-Israeli violist (Israel Philharmonic, 1938-56), composer, and teacher dies at 69

Golda Meir

1978-12-08 Golda Meir [Mabovitch], Israeli teacher, stateswoman and 4th Prime Minister of Israel (1969-74) known as the "Iron Lady" of Israeli politics, dies in of lymphatic cancer at 80

  • 1980-02-29 Yigal Allon, Israeli politician, dies at 61
  • 1980-02-29 Yigol Alton, Israeli Foreign Minister, dies at 61
  • 1982-01-19 Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy (WWII), dies at 77
  • 1982-11-14 Joachim Stutschewsky, Austrian-Israeli cellist, composer, and musicologist, dies at 91
  • 1983-11-20 Marcel Dalio [Israel Moshe Blauschild], French actor (Sabrina, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Casablanca), dies at 83
  • 1984-01-14 Paul Ben Haim [Frankenburger], Israeli composer, dies at 86
  • 1984-07-01 Moshé Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-Israeli engineer and physicist (founder of the Feldenkrais method), dies at 80
  • 1987-07-11 Avi Ran, Israeli footballer (b. 1963)
  • 1987-08-17 Shaike Ophir, Israeli actor, comedian and Israel's 1st mime (The Policeman; The Delta Force), dies of lung cancer at 57
  • 1987-11-06 Zohar Argov, Israeli singer, dies in jail of unintentional suicide at 32
  • 1988-04-16 Khalil al-Wazir, PLO leader, assassinated by Israeli commandos at 52
  • 1988-06-25 Hillel Slovak, Israeli musician (Anthym/What Is This?, Red Hot Chili Peppers) (b. 1962)

Irving Berlin

1989-09-22 Irving Berlin [Israel Beilin], Russian-American composer and lyricist considered one of the greatest songwriters in history ("Always"; "God Bless America"; "White Christmas"; "Cheek To Cheek"), dies at 101 [1] [2]

Leonard Bernstein

1990-10-14 Leonard Bernstein, American Grammy, Emmy, and Tony Award-winning conductor (New York Philharmonic, 1958-69; Israel Philharmonic; London Symphony), and composer (West Side Story; Chichester Psalm), dies of heart attack at 72

  • 1991-02-07 Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
  • 1992-01-28 Nahman Avigad, Israeli archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), dies at 86
  • 1992-02-10 Mau Kopuit, Dutch editor-in-chief (New Israeli Weekly Newspaper), dies
  • 1992-02-16 Abbas al-Musawi, influential Lebanese Shia cleric, and founder and leader of Hezbollah, assassinated by Israel Defense Forces at 39

Menachem Begin

1992-03-09 Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel (1977-80, 81-83) and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize winner, dies of a heart attack at 85

  • 1992-06-18 Mordecai Ardon, one of Israel's greatest painters (b. 1896)
  • 1992-08-02 Ephraim Katz, Israeli American writer and filmmaker (The Film Encyclopedia), dies at 60
  • 1992-08-08 Eitan Berglas, Israeli banker and advisor, dies at 58
  • 1994-03-03 Roman Haubenstock-Ramati, Polish-Israeli composer and music editor, dies at 75
  • 1994-05-24 Yehuda Mor-Mirkovsky, Israeli kibbutz-founder, dies at 96
  • 1994-07-04 Tawfik Ziad, Palestinian communist/Israeli MP/mayor of Nazareth, dies
  • 1994-08-20 Kalman Kahana, Polish co-founder of state Israel, dies at 81
  • 1994-10-28 Sjlomo Goren, Polish/Israeli supreme rabbi, dies
  • 1994-12-08 Israel Aaron Maisels, South African lawyer and communal leader, dies at 89
  • 1995-02-14 Israël "Ischa" Meijer, Dutch journalist, critic and author (Een Dik Uur Ischa, Boezemvriend), dies of a myocardial infarction at 52
  • 1995-02-19 Shlomo Averbach, Israeli ultra-orthodox rabbi, dies at 84
  • 1995-05-11 David Avidan, Israeli poet, dies at 62
  • 1995-07-16 Mordechai Gur, Israeli general, commits suicide at 65
  • 1995-09-17 Rabbi Yehuda Getz, Tunisian-Israeli soldier and religious leader, dies of a heart attack at 71 [exact birth date uncertain]
  • 1995-09-27 Alexander "Sasha" Argov [Abramovich], Israeli composer, dies at 80

AssassinationYitzhak Rabin

1995-11-04 Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel (1974-77 and 1992-95) and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize winner, assassinated by Jewish extremist Yigal Amir at 73

  • 1995-12-29 Schlomo Joffe, Polish-Israeli folk and classical musician and composer, dies at 86
  • 1996-01-22 Israel Eldad, Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi, dies at 85
  • 1996-05-02 Emile Habibi, Palestinian Israeli writer (The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist), dies at 73
  • 1996-05-26 Halka Grossman, Israeli resistance fighter and politician, dies at 76
  • 1996-06-02 Amos Tversky, Israeli psychologist (b. 1937)
  • 1997-04-17 Chaim Herzog, 6th President of Israel (1983-93), dies at 78
  • 1997-06-26 Israel Kamakawiwo'ole, Native Hawaiian singer, songwriter ("Somewhere Over The Rainbow/What A Wonderful World"), and Hawaiian sovereignty advocate, dies from respiratory failure at 38
  • 1998-01-20 Zevulun Hammer, Israeli politician, minister and Deputy Prime Minister of Israel (1996-98), dies at 61
  • 2000-02-23 Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (b. 1957)
  • 2000-09-22 Yehuda Amichai, Israeli poet (Now and in Other Days), dies at 76
  • 2000-11-12 Leah Rabin, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, (b. 1928)
  • 2001-10-17 Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli politician (b. 1926)
  • 2002-03-29 Rachel Levy and Ayat al-Akhras, Israeli and Palestinian children
  • 2002-09-07 Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (Uzi submachine gun), dies at 78
  • 2002-11-17 Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (b. 1915)
  • 2003-02-01 Ilan Ramon, Israeli astronaut & member of STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster), dies at 48
  • 2003-02-18 Isser Harel, Israeli Mossad leader (b. 1912)
  • 2003-03-16 Rachel Corrie, American political activist, killed while trying to block an Israeli armored bulldozer at 23
  • 2003-10-30 Abel Ehrlich, Israeli composer, dies at 88
  • 2004-06-26 Naomi Shemer, Israeli singer-songwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2004-10-17 Uzi Hitman, Israeli pop singer-songwriter, actor, and television personality, dies of a heart attack at 22)
  • 2005-01-29 Ephraim Kishon, Israeli author, dramatist, screenwriter, and Oscar-nominated film director, dies at 80
  • 2005-03-01 Peter Malkin Israeli secret agent, dies at 77
  • 2005-04-24 Ezer Weizman, President of Israel (b. 1924)
  • 2005-08-21 Dahlia Ravikovitch, Israeli poet (b. 1936)
  • 2006-02-14 Shoshana Damari, Israeli singer and actress (b. 1923)
  • 2006-04-28 Ben-Zion Orgad, Israeli composer, dies at 79