Italian History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 613

  • 0218-12-18 BC Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal's Carthaginian army heavily defeat Roman forces on Italian soil
  • 0069-04-15 Battle at Bedriacum, North-Italy
  • 0394-09-06 Battle of Frigidus in Northern Italy: forces of Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius I defeat those of Western Emperor Eugenius
  • 0452-06-08 Italy invaded by Attila the Hun
  • 0476-08-23 Odoacer proclaimed King of Italy by his troops, 1st barbarian King of Italy
  • 0489-08-28 Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Flavius Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
  • 0493-03-15 Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths, murders King Odoacer of Italy with his sword at a banquet in Ravenna
  • 0554-08-14 Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantine military governor in Italy
  • 0657-07-30 St Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I
  • 0668-09-15 Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
  • 0672-01-27 St Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0876-01-31 Charles becomes king of Italy
  • 0951-09-23 Otto I the Great becomes king of Italy
  • 1004-05-15 Henry II the Saint crowned King of Italy
  • 1026-03-23 Conrad II crowns himself King of Italy
  • 1071-04-16 Bari falls to Robert Guiscard's Norman forces, ending Byzantine rule in Italy

  • 1081-10-18 Battle of Dyrrhachium: Southern Italian Normans under Robert Guiscard defeat Byzantine army under Alexios I Komnenos (modern Durrës, Albania)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1158-11-11 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1167-12-01 Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League
  • 1167-12-15 Sicilian chancellor Stephen du Perche moves the royal court to Messina to prevent a rebellion.
  • 1183-06-25 Peace of Konstanz signed between Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and Italian Lombard League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1208-02-24 St Francis of Assisi, 26, received his vocation in Portiuncula Italy

Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1223-12-25 St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)
  • 1266-02-26 Battle of Benevento fought in Southern Italy between Manfred of Sicily and army of Charles of Anjou

When The Bells Rang Out For FreedomWhen The Bells Rang Out For Freedom

1282-03-30 The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers

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An artist's impression of the start of the War of the Vespers
An artist's impression of the start of the War of the Vespers
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  • 1283-07-08 War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta
  • 1310-06-09 Duccio's Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy
  • 1327-04-06 Italian poet Petrarch 1st sets eyes on his beloved Laura
  • 1336-04-26 Italian Renaissance poet Francesco Petrarch famously climbs Mont Ventoux
  • 1341-04-14 Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.
  • 1377-02-03 Mass execution of population (between 2,500 and 5,000) of Cesena, Italy, by Breton troops of Giovanni Acuto under the command of Robert, Cardinal of Geneva, acting as the legate of Pope Gregory XI
  • 1382-03-15 Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence, Italy
  • 1467-04-26 The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy
  • 1474-04-09 Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon and Italians
  • 1482-01-26 "Pentateuch" the Jewish Bible is 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy
  • 1494-11-08 Uprising against Piero de' Medici in Florence

DiscoveryVoyage of Discovery

1497-05-10 Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci leaves for his first voyage to the New World (disputed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497-08-06 Italian explorer John Cabot returns to Bristol from North America (Newfoundland) - first European to do so since the Vikings

Explorer John Cabot
John Cabot
  • 1498-04-07 Crowd storms Savonarola's convent San Marco Florence, Italy
  • 1503-02-13 Disfida di Barletta - Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta, Southern Italy


1509-04-27 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1509-05-14 Battle of Agnadello, French forces under Louis XII defeat the Venetians in Northern Italy

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII

Battle of InterestBattle of Ravenna

1512-04-11 Battle of Ravenna: French forces under Gaston de Foix defeat the Holy League in a major battle of the Italian Wars

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The Battle of Ravenna, fought between forces of the Holy League and France
The Battle of Ravenna, fought between forces of the Holy League and France
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AgreementTreaty of Interest

1526-01-14 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
  • 1543-09-12 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars
  • 1544-07-19 Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne begins
  • 1555-07-02 Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola
  • 1571-03-25 Catholic Italian businessman Roberto Ridolfi leaves England
  • 1598-01-08 Jews are expelled from Genoa, Italy
  • 1616-09-15 First non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy
  • 1630-05-17 Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi, 1st to see 2 belts on Jupiter surface
  • 1631-12-16 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts, burying many villages under lava flows and killing around 3,000 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633-02-13 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1649-09-02 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • 1669-03-11 Mt Etna in Sicily erupts in its largest recorded eruption, killing 15,000

  • 1737-03-12 Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1738-04-15 Premiere in London of "Serse", an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel

  • 1769-08-18 A lightning strike on the Bastion of San Nazaro in Brescia, Italy, ignites 90 tonnes of gunpowder, killing 3,000 people
  • 1775-03-19 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • 1783-02-04 Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 in Calabria, Italy

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796-04-13 Battle of Millesimo, Italy: Napoleon's forces defeat allied armies of Austria and of the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1796-09-05 General Salicetti orders equal rights for Jews of Bologna, Italy
  • 1796-11-17 Battle of Arcole ends in Venice: French forces, under Brigadier General Napoleon Bonaparte defeat an Austrian force led by József Alvinczi after a 3 day battle
  • 1797-01-07 The modern Italian flag is first used
  • 1798-06-07 Jews of Pesaro Italy fast commemorating murder of Jews
  • 1801-01-01 The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi
  • 1802-01-25 Napoleon Bonaparte elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic
  • 1805-05-26 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy
  • 1808-04-30 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1811-07-11 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Amedeo Avogadro
  • 1814-03-30 Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification
  • 1815-10-08 Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1824-07-30 Gioachino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris

  • 1825-11-29 1st Italian opera in US, "Barber of Seville" premieres (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834-11-23 Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy" premieres

Composer Hector Berlioz
Hector Berlioz

  • 1843-06-24 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside ghetto in Italy
  • 1848-07-23 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 1848-07-25 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • 1849-03-23 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
  • 1849-07-03 The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power; proves a major obstacle to Italian unification
  • 1849-08-22 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice
  • 1852-11-04 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy
  • 1855-04-26 Composer Gioachino Rossini leaves Italy
  • 1857-12-16 Earthquake in Naples, Italy

MurderAssassination Attempt

1858-01-14 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1858-05-15 Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden, London
  • 1859-06-04 Second Italian War of Independence: Battle of Magenta, results in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III over the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1859-06-24 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and a Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcomes the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I
Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1860-04-02 1st Italian Parliament meets at Turin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860-05-26 Giuseppe Garibaldi occupies Palermo, Italy

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1861-02-18 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy
  • 1861-03-17 Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1862-03-22 San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
  • 1862-08-29 Battle of Aspromonte; Italian royal forces defeat rebels
  • 1866-04-08 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1866-06-20 Italy declares war on Austria beginning the Third Italian War of Independence
  • 1866-06-24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • 1866-07-17 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • 1866-07-20 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 1,394

Person of interestPompey the Great

0106-09-29 BC Pompey the Great [Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus], Roman political and military leader (1st Triumvirate and Consul), born in Picenum, Italy (d. 48 BC)

Roman Military and Political Leader Pompey the Great
Roman Military and Political Leader
Pompey the Great

Person of interestHorace

0065-12-08 BC Horace, Roman Republican poet (Odes), born in Venosa, Italy (d. 8 BC)

Roman Poet Horace
Roman Poet

Person of interestVespasian

0009-11-17 Vespasian, Roman Emperor (AD 69-79), born in Falacrina, Italy (d. AD 79)

Roman Emperor Vespasian
Roman Emperor

Person of interestCaligula

0012-08-31 Caligula [Gaius Caesar], 3rd Roman Emperor (37-41 AD), born in Anzio, Italy (d. 41)

3rd Roman Emperor Caligula
3rd Roman Emperor

Person of interestNerva

0030-11-08 Nerva, Roman Emperor (96-98), born in Narni, Italy (d. 98)

Roman Emperor Nerva
Roman Emperor

Person of interestNero

0037-12-15 Nero, 5th Emperor of Rome (54-68), born in Antium, Italy (d. 68)

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor

Person of interestAntoninus Pius

0086-09-19 Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius], 15th Emperor of Rome (138-161 AD), born in Lanuvium, Italy (d. 161)

Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius
  • 0130-09-22 Claudius Galenus, Italian physician/scholar

Person of interestCommodus

0161-08-31 Commodus, Roman Emperor (180-192 AD), born in Lanuvium, Italy (d. 192)

Roman Emperor Commodus
Roman Emperor
  • 1074-02-12 Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. 1101)

Person of interestFrancis of Assisi

1181-09-26 Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order, born in Assisi, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1226) or b. 1882

Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1194-07-16 Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi and founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (the Poor Clares), born in Assisi, Italy (d. 1253)
  • 1194-12-26 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of the Romans (Germany), Sicily and Jerusalem, born in Lesi, Italy
  • 1221-10-09 Salimbene di Adam, Italian chronicler, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1288)

Person of interestThomas Aquinas

1225-01-28 Saint Thomas Aquinas, Italian theologian and saint, born in Roccasecca, Italy (d. 1274)

  • 1228-04-25 Conrad IV, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily, born in Andria, Sicily (d. 1254)

Person of interestMarco Polo

1254-09-15 Marco Polo, Italian explorer (Il Milione), born in Venice, Venetian Republic (d. 1324)

Explorer Marco Polo
Marco Polo
  • 1265-05-09 Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and author (Dante's Inferno, Divina Commedia), born in Florence, Republic of Florence (d. 1321)
  • 1304-07-20 Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet (Italia Mia), born in Arezzo, Tuscany (d. 1374)
  • 1347-03-25 Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (d. 1380)
  • 1360-08-10 Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (d. 1417)
  • 1380-02-11 Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist who rediscovered lost classical texts, born in Terranuova, Republic of Florence (d. 1459)
  • 1380-06-24 Saint John of Capistrano, Franciscan friar and Catholic priest from the Italian town of Capestrano, Abruzzo, born in Capestrano, Abruzzi, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1456)
  • 1380-09-08 Bernardino of Siena, Italian priest and Franciscan missionary, born in Massa Marittima, Italy (d. 1444)
  • 1386-09-16 Ambrose Traversari, Italian theologian and monk, born in Portico di Romagna, Forlì, Papal States (d. 1439)
  • 1397-11-15 Nicholas V [Tommaso Parentucelli], Italian Pope (1447-55), born in Sarzana, Republic of Genoa (d. 1455)
  • 1400-12-22 Luca della Robbia, Italian sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1482)
  • 1401-12-21 Tommaso Masaccio, Italian painter, born in San Giovanni Valdarno, Italy (d. 1428)
  • 1404-02-18 Leon B Alberti, Italian humanist/architect (Della Pittura)
  • 1405-10-18 Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini], Italian pope (1458-64) (Cynthia)
  • 1406-01-13 Matteo Palmieri, Florentine humanist and historian (Della vita civile / On Civic Life), born in Florence (d. 1475)
  • 1416-03-27 Antonio Squarcialupi [Giovanni], Italian composer and organist (Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, 1432-80), born in Florence (d. 1480)
  • 1431-01-01 Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)
  • 1432-08-15 Luigi Pulci, Italian poet (Morgante), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1484)
  • 1433-10-19 Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)

Person of interestJulius II

1443-12-05 Julius II, Italian Pope (1503-13) and patron of Michelangelo, Bramante and Raphael, born in Albisola, Republic of Genoa (d. 1513)

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1449-01-11 Domenico Ghirlandajo, Italian Renaissance painter and teacher of Michelangelo, born in Florence (d. 1494)

Person of interestChristopher Columbus

1451-10-30 Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer and navigator who discovered the "New World" for Spain and initiated European colonization, born in the Republic of Genoa on or just before this date (d. 1506)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Person of interestLeonardo da Vinci

1452-04-15 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, sculptor, scientist and visionary, born in Vinci, Florence, Italy (d. 1519)

Painter, Scientist and Visionary Leonardo da Vinci
Painter, Scientist and Visionary
Leonardo da Vinci

Person of interestLudovico Sforza

1452-07-27 Ludovico Sforza [il Moro], Italian duke of Milan (1494-1508) who commissioned The Last Supper, born in Vigevano (Modern day Lombardy), Italy (d. 1508)

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza

Person of interestAmerigo Vespucci

1454-03-09 Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America), born in Florence (d. 1512)

  • 1455-03-15 Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1532)
  • 1456-07-28 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (Arcadia), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1530)
  • 1458-09-11 Bernardo Accolti [Unico Aretino], Italian writer (Virginia), born in Arezzo, Italy (d. 1535)
  • 1463-02-24 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian scholar/platonist
  • 1463-10-29 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1512)
  • 1466-06-18 Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer, born in Fossombrone, Italy (d. 1539)

Person of interestNiccolo Machiavelli

1469-05-03 Niccolo Machiavelli, Italian politician and writer (Prince), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1527)

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1469-05-19 Giovanni della Robbia, Italian Renaissance sculptor (d. 1529)

Person of interestCharles VIII

1470-06-30 Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98) who invaded Italy, born in Château d'Amboise, France (d. 1498)

King of France Charles VIII
King of France
Charles VIII
  • 1474-03-21 Angela Merici, Italian monastery founder/saint
  • 1474-09-08 Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (Orlando Furioso), born in Reggio Emilia, Italy (d. 1533)
  • 1474-10-13 Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter, born in Florence (d. 1515)

Person of interestMichelangelo

1475-03-06 Michelangelo, Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance (David, Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel), born in Caprese, Tuscany (d. 1564)

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
  • 1475-09-13 Cesare Borgia, Duke of Valentinois, Italian aristocrat, born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1507)
  • 1475-10-20 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api)

Person of interestLeo X

1475-12-11 Leo X [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1521)

Pope Leo X
Leo X
  • 1478-05-26 Pope Clement VII [Giulio de' Medici], Italian Pope (1523-34), born in Florence (d. 1534)
  • 1478-12-06 Baldassare Castiglione, Italian diplomat and author, born in Casatico, Mantua, Italy (d. 1529)
  • 1479-06-14 Giglio Gregorio Giraldi, Italian poet, born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1552)
  • 1480-02-13 Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal, Treviso, Venice, Italy (d. 1542)
  • 1481-03-07 Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter, born in Siena, Italy (d. 1536)
  • 1483-03-06 Francesco Guicciardini, Italian attorney/president of Romagna
  • 1483-03-28 Raphael Sanzio, Italian painter and master builder (Madonna Sistina School of Athens), born in Urbino, (d. 1520) Gregorian calendar date

Person of interestRaphael

1483-04-06 Raphael Sanzio, Italian painter and master builder (Madonna Sistina, School of Athens), born in Urbino (d. 1520) Julian calendar date

Painter and Architect Raphael
Painter and Architect
  • 1483-10-16 Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (d. 1542)
  • 1484-04-12 Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect, born in Florence (d. 1546)
  • 1484-04-23 Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian-French physician and scholar (On the Subtlety of Things), born in Riva, Italy (d. 1558)
  • 1485-11-30 Veronica Gambara, Italian poet, born in Pralboino, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1550)
  • 1486-07-14 Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (Recollets)
  • 1491-11-08 Teofilo Folengo, Italian macaronic poet, born in Mantua, Italy (d. 1544)
  • 1492-01-12 Andreas Alicatus, Italian author
  • 1492-05-08 Andrea Alciato, Italian lawyer and writer, born in Alzate Brianza, Milan, Italy (d. 1550)
  • 1493-09-28 Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet and litterateur, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1543)
  • 1493-11-11 Bernardo Tasso, Italian courtier and poet, born in Bergamo, Venice (d. 1569)
  • 1493-11-12 Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (d. 1560)
  • 1494-03-01 Il Bacchiacca [Franceso Ubertini], Italian painter
  • 1494-05-25 Jacopo da Pontormo [Carucci], Italian painter (Sepulture of Christ), born in Pontormo, Italy (d. 1557)
  • 1495-03-06 Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (Opere Toscane, La Coltivazione)
  • 1499-03-31 Pius IV [Gianangelo de' Medici], Italian lawyer and Pope (1559-65), born in Milan (d. 1565)
  • 1500-02-22 Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (d. 1564)
  • 1501-05-06 Marcellus II [Marcello Cervini], Italian humanist and Pope (1555, 22 days), born in Montefano, Marche, Papal States (d. 1555)

Person of interestGirolamo Cardano

1501-09-24 Girolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician and astrologer (Ars Magna-1545), born in Pavia, Italy (d. 1576)

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Girolamo Cardano

Person of interestGregory XIII

1502-01-07 Gregory XIII [Ugo Boncompagni], Italian pope (1572-85) who introduced the Gregorian (New Style) calendar in 1582, born in Bologna, Papal States (d. 1585)

  • 1502-03-20 Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist (d. 1575)
  • 1503-01-11 Francesco Parmigianino, Italian artist (Madonna with the Long Neck)
  • 1503-03-19 Benedetto Varchi, Italian humanist/historian (Storia Fiorentina)
  • 1503-03-22 Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (d. 1583)
  • 1503-06-28 Giovanni Della Casa, Italian poet (Galateo), born in La Casa, Mugello, Tuscany (d. 1556)
  • 1507-06-19 Annibale Caro, Italian writer and poet (Lettere familiare), born in Civitanova Marche, Italy (d. 1566)
  • 1507-10-01 Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect, born in Vignola, Italy (d. 1573)
  • 1508-12-24 Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1567)
  • 1509-01-25 Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1580)
  • 1511-06-18 Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Settignano, Italy (d. 1592)
  • 1511-07-30 Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and art historian (Vasari's Lives), born in Arezzo, Republic of Florence (d. 1574)
  • 1513-02-14 Domenico Maria Ferrabosco, Italian composer & singer of the Renaissance, born in Bologna (d. 1574)
  • 1515-07-21 St Philippus Nerius [Philippo Neri], Italian merchant/priest, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1595)
  • 1517-01-17 Antonio Scandello, Italian composer (Passion of Johannes), born in Bergamo, Republic of Venice (now Italy) (d. 1580)
  • 1517-03-29 Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1561)
  • 1518-09-29 Tintoretto, Italian Mannerist painter and notable exponent of the Renaissance school, born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1594)

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

1842-03-26 Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi (34) weds Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro (20) in Montevideo

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

LoveWedding of Interest

1869-10-18 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

LoveWedding of Interest

1918-08-18 Italian tenor Enrico Caruso (45) weds socialite Dorothy Benjamin (25)

Operatic Tenor Enrico Caruso
Operatic Tenor
Enrico Caruso

LoveWedding of Interest

1928-07-19 Physicist Enrico Fermi (26) weds writer Laura Capon in Rome, Italy

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • 1930-01-08 Belgium Princess Marie-Jose marries Italian's crown prince Umberto

LoveWedding of Interest

1936-02-02 Physicist Emilio G. Segrè (31) weds jewish woman Elfriede Spiro at the Great Synagogue of Rome in Italy

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè

LoveWedding of Interest

1943-10-30 Italian director Federico Fellini marries actress Giulietta Masina

Film Director and Scriptwriter Federico Fellini
Film Director and Scriptwriter
Federico Fellini

LoveWedding of Interest

1956-05-22 Swedish actress Anita Ekberg (24) weds actor and singer Anthony Steel (36) in Florence, Italy; divorce in 1959

Actress Anita Ekberg
Anita Ekberg
  • 1957-07-28 "Wuthering Heights" actress Merle Oberon (46) weds Italian industrialist Bruno Pagliai

LoveWedding of Interest

1957-09-17 Italian actress Sophia Loren (22) weds legally married Italian film producer Carlo Ponti (56), by proxy in Juarez, Mexico; annulled in 1962; remarry in 1966

Actress Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren

LoveWedding of Interest

1986-09-26 Fashion designer Calvin Klein (43) weds assistant Kelly Rector in a civil ceremony in Italy

Fashion Designer Calvin Klein
Fashion Designer
Calvin Klein
  • 1996-06-23 "Amadeus" actor Tom Hulce (42) weds Italian artist Cecilia Ermini

LoveWedding of Interest

1997-06-21 "Bridget Jones' Diary" actor Colin Firth (36) weds Italian film producer Livia Giuggioli (27) in Tuscany, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2002-06-09 "In Your Eyes" singer Peter Gabriel (51) weds Meah Flynn at Li Capanni Hotel in Italy

Rock Vocalist Peter Gabriel
Rock Vocalist
Peter Gabriel

LoveWedding of Interest

2003-07-19 "Sabrina, The Teenage Witch" actress Melissa Joan Hart (27) weds "Course of Nature" lead singer-guitarist Mark Wilkersonin (26) in Florence, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2003-12-13 Italian operatic tenor Luciano Pavarotti (68) weds Nicoletta Mantovani at Modena Italy's Teatro Comunale

Operatic Tenor Luciano Pavarotti
Operatic Tenor
Luciano Pavarotti
  • 2005-09-03 Former "Saturday Night Live" cast member Kevin Nealon (51) weds actress Susan Yeagley (33) inside the town hall in Bellagio, Italy
  • 2005-09-24 "30 Minute Meals" TV host Rachael Ray (37) weds "The Cringe" lead singer John Cusimano in Montalcino, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2005-10-09 Italian pop singer Alexia (38) weds Giorgio Armani's nephew Andrea Camerana at Church of San Martino in Piacenza, Italy

Fashion Designer Giorgio Armani
Fashion Designer
Giorgio Armani
  • 2006-06-17 Model Bianca Balti (22) weds Italian photographer assistant Christian Lucidi
  • 2006-06-25 Emmy-winning "Medium" actress Patricia Arquette (38) weds actor Thomas Jane (37) at the Palazzo Contarini in Venice, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2006-11-18 American film actor and producer Tom Cruise (44) weds actress Katie Holmes (27) at Odescalchi Castle, Bracciano, Italy

Actor Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
Actress Katie Holmes
Katie Holmes
  • 2007-06-08 "Desperate Housewives" actor Dougray Scott (41) weds actress Claire Forlani (35) at the Council Common Hall in Pievebobigliana, Italy
  • 2007-07-07 Celebrity chef Wolfgang Puck (57) weds handbag designer Gelila Assefa (38) in a three-day celebration on the Italian island of Capri
  • 2007-09-01 The first Apprentice winner Bill Rancic (36) weds E! News anchor Giuliana DePandi (32) at the Church of Santa Sofia in Capri, Italy
  • 2008-10-01 "7th Heaven" actress Beverley Mitchell (27) weds Michael Cameron (27) at the Church of Santa Maria a Gradillo in Ravello, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2009-05-02 Actress Maggie Gyllenhaal (32) weds film and stage actor Peter Sarsgaard (38) in a small chapel in Brindisi, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2009-08-15 Actor Joseph Fiennes (39) weds model María Dolores Diéguez in Tuscany, Italy

  • 2010-06-26 "American Beauty" actress Mena Suvari (31) weds concert producer Simone Sestito (25) at Santo Stefano degli Abissini in Vatican City, Italy
  • 2010-07-10 Actress Emily Blunt (29) weds actor John Krasinski (32) at the luxurious Villa D'este hotel in Como, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2010-08-31 Actress Leelee Sobieski (27) weds fashion designer Adam Kimmel in Italy

  • 2011-03-31 Italian Canadian singer Michael Buble (35) weds actress and model Luisana Lopilato (23) in Buenos Aires
  • 2011-08-27 Oscar winner Sofia Coppola (41) weds vocalist of French indie rock band "Phoenix" Thomas Mars at the family villa, Palazzo Margherita in Bernalda, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2012-10-19 Grammy Award-winning singer Justin Timberlake (31) weds "Total Recall" actress Jessica Biel (30) at the Borgo Egnazia resort in Fasano, Italy

Singer-songwriter Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
Actress Jessica Biel
Jessica Biel

LoveWedding of Interest

2013-09-14 Singer-songwriter John Legend (34) weds model Chrissy Teigen (27) at Villa Pizzo in Lake Como, Italy

Singer-Songwriter John Legend
John Legend
Model and TV Personality Chrissy Teigen
Model and TV Personality
Chrissy Teigen

LoveWedding of Interest

2014-05-24 Rapper and record producer Kanye West (36) weds model Kim Kardashian (33) at Fort di Belvedere in Florence, Italy

TV Personality and Model Kim Kardashian
TV Personality and Model
Kim Kardashian
Rapper Kanye West
Kanye West
  • 2014-09-14 Actress Elisabetta Canalis (36) weds orthopedic surgeon Brian Perri in Sardinia, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2014-09-27 Actor George Clooney (53) weds lawyer Amal Alamuddin (36) at the seven-star Aman Canal Grande hotel in Venice, Italy

  • 2015-06-09 Actress and singer Aly Michalka (26) weds film producer Stephen Ringer at Belmond Hotel Splendido in Portofino, Italy
  • 2016-05-02 Actor Adam Rodriguez (41) weds longtime love Grace Gail in a romantic ceremony in Tuscany, Italy
  • 2016-09-03 Former Sugababes singer Heidi Range (33) weds Alex Partakis in Tuscany, Italy
  • 2017-06-10 Actress and film producer Jessica Chastain (40) weds Moncler executive Gian Luca Passi de Preposulo in the northern Italian city of Treviso, Villa Tiepolo Passi

Famous Divorces

  • 2011-09-29 "House M.D." actress Olivia Wilde (26) divorces Italian prince Tao Ruspoli (35) due to irreconcilable differences after 8 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 1,060

  • 0365-11-22 Felix II, Italian anti-pope, dies after failing to regain position as Pope from Liberius
  • 0366-09-24 Liberius, Italian Pope (352-66), dies
  • 0371-08-01 St Eusebius of Vercelli, Italian bishop (b. c. 283)
  • 0417-03-12 Innocent I, Italian Pope (401-417), dies
  • 0422-09-04 St Boniface I, Italian Bishop of Rome, dies
  • 0432-07-27 Celestine I, Italian Pope (422-32), dies
  • 0440-08-18 Sixtus III, Italian Pope (432-40), dies
  • 0461-11-10 St. Leo I, the Great, Italian Pope (440-61), dies in office
  • 0483-03-10 Simplicius, Italian Pope (468-83), dies
  • 0493-03-15 Odoacer [Odiaker] German army leader, King of Italy (476-93), murdered by Theodoric the Great at about 60
  • 0514-07-19 Symmachus, Italian Pope (498-514), dies
  • 0535-05-08 John [Mercurius], Italian Pope (533-35), dies
  • 0536-04-22 St. Agapetus I, Bishop of Rome (535-36), dies at 46
  • 0555-06-07 Vigilius, Italian Pope (537-55), dies
  • 0561-03-04 Pelagius I, Italian Pope (556-61), dies
  • 0574-07-13 John III, Italian Pope (561-74), dies
  • 0579-07-30 Benedict I, Italian Pope (575-79), dies
  • 0606-02-22 Sabinian, Italian Pope (604-06), dies
  • 0618-11-08 St Deusdedit/Adeodatus I, Italian Pope (615-18), dies
  • 0625-10-25 Boniface V, Italian Pope (619-25), dies
  • 0638-10-12 Honorius I [dux plebis], Italian Pope, dies
  • 0640-08-02 Severinus, Italian Pope (640), dies
  • 0657-06-02 Eugene I, Italian Pope (654-7), dies
  • 0672-01-27 Vitalianus, pope (657-72)/saint, dies
  • 0676-06-17 Adeodatus II/Deusdedit II, Italian Pope (672-76), dies
  • 0678-04-11 Donus, Italian Pope (676-78), dies
  • 0681-01-10 Agatho, Sicilian pope (678-81), dies
  • 0685-05-08 Benedict II, Italian Pope (683-85), dies and is buried in St Peter's
  • 0687-09-21 Conon, Sicilian Pope (686-87), dies
  • 0701-09-08 Sergius I, Syrian/Italian Pope (687-701), dies
  • 0752-03-15 Zachary, Greek/Italian Pope (741-52), dies [or Mar 22]
  • 0767-06-28 Paul I, Italian Pope (757-67), dies
  • 0795-12-25 Adrian I, Italian Pope (772-95), dies at 95
  • 0799-04-13 Paul the Deacon [Paulus Diaconus Warnefred], Italian Benedictine monk and chronicler of the Lombards, dies at 70
  • 0810-07-08 Pepin, son of Charlemagne, King of Italy, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 0816-06-12 Leo III, Italian Pope (795-816), dies
  • 0818-04-17 Bernhard I, King of Italy, dies
  • 0824-02-11 Paschal I, Italian Pope (817-24), dies
  • 0827-08-27 Pope Eugene II, Italian Pope (824-827)
  • 0844-01-25 Pope Gregory IV, Italian Pope (827-844)
  • 0855-07-17 Leo IV, Italian Pope (reigned 847-55), dies
  • 0858-04-17 Benedict III, Italian Pope (855-58), dies
  • 0867-11-13 Saint Nicholas I, "the Great", Italian Pope (858-67), dies at 67
  • 0872-12-14 Adrian II, Italian Pope (867-72) the last married pope, dies at ~80
  • 0875-08-12 Louis II, king of Italy/emperor of France, dies at about 50
  • 0882-12-16 John VIII, Italian Pope (872-82), dies
  • 0891-09-14 Stephen V [VI], Italian Pope (885-91), dies
  • 0911-04-14 Sergius III, Italian Pope (904-11), dies
  • 0924-04-07 Berengarius I, Emperor of Italy, murdered
  • 0924-04-16 Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy, Holy Roman Emperor (915-924) (b c. 845)
  • 0939-07-13 Leo VII, Italian Pope (936-39), dies
  • 0947-04-10 Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/king of Italy, dies
  • 0950-11-22 Lotharius, King of Italy (947-50), dies
  • 0965-03-01 Leo VIII, Roman prelate who claimed the Holy See (963-65), dies at ~50
  • 0965-07-04 Pope Benedict V, Italian Roman Catholic Pope (b. unknown)
  • 0966-08-06 Berengarius II, markgraaf of Ivrea/king of Italy (950-963)
  • 0983-07-10 Benedict IV, Italian Pope (974-83), dies
  • 0984-08-20 John XIV [Petrus Canepanova], Italian Pope (983-84), dies
  • 1012-05-12 Sergius IV [Pietro Crescentii], Italian Pope (1009-12), dies
  • 1050-05-17 Guido van Arezzo, Italian music theorist, dies
  • 1073-07-12 Johannes Gualbertus, Italian monk/saint, dies
  • 1078-02-22 Johannes van Fecamp, Italian mystic writer, dies
  • 1087-09-16 Victor III [Dauferio/Desiderius], Italian Pope (1086-87), dies
  • 1101-07-27 Conrad II, King of Germany and Italy (b. 1074)
  • 1124-12-13 Callistus/Callixtus II [Guido di Borgogna], Italian Pope (1119-24), dies
  • 1142-06-25 Gulielmus of Vercelli, Italian hermit, monastery founder and saint, dies
  • 1143-09-24 Innocent II [Gregorio de' Papareschi], Italian Pope (1130-43), dies
  • 1144-03-08 Celestine II [Guido], Italian Pope (1143-44), dies in battle
  • 1145-02-15 Lucius II [Gherardo Caccianemici], Italian Pope (1144-45), dies
  • 1153-07-08 Eugene III [Bernardo], Italian Pope (1145-53), dies
  • 1160-05-03 Peter Lombard, Italian scholar and bishop (b. c.1100)
  • 1160-07-21 Peterus Lombardus, Italian theologist/bishop of Paris, dies
  • 1164-04-20 Victor IV [Ottaviano Montecello], Italian antipope (1159-64), dies
  • 1168-09-20 Paschal III [Guido di Crema], Italian anti-Pope, dies
  • 1181-08-30 Alexander III [Orlando Bandinelli], Italian Pope (1159-81), dies
  • 1187-10-20 Urban III [Umberto Crivelli], Italian Pope (1185-87), dies
  • 1187-12-17 Gregory VIII [Alberto de Morra], Italian Pope (1187), dies
  • 1202-03-30 Joachim Van Fiore, Italian religious founder (Joachimism), dies
  • 1214-04-30 Huguccio/Hugo van Pisa, Italian bishop, dies
  • 1214-09-14 Albert Avogadro, Italian patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149)
  • 1216-07-16 Innocent III [Lotario de' Conti di Segni], Italian Pope (1198-1216), dies at 54 or 55
  • 1221-08-06 Dominicus, Italian religious order founder (Dominicans)

Person of interestFrancis of Assisi

1226-10-03 Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order, dies at 44 or 45

Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1241-08-22 Gregory IX [Ugolino di Segni], Italian Pope, dies
  • 1252-03-06 Saint Rose of Viterbo, Italian saint (b. 1235)
  • 1252-04-06 Saint Peter of Verona, Italian inquisitor, assassinated at 45
  • 1253-04-22 Elias van Cortona, Italian general (1232-39), dies at ~53
  • 1253-08-11 Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi and founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (the Poor Clares), dies at 59
  • 1265-12-03 Odofredus, Italian jurist
  • 1267-11-26 Gozzolini Silvester, Italian hermit/saint, dies
  • 1272-03-14 Re Enzo, Italian poet/son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen, dies
  • 1272-04-17 Zita, Italian maid and saint from Lucca, dies at about 59

Person of interestThomas Aquinas

1274-03-07 Thomas Aquinas, Italian theologian, Philosopher and Doctor of the Church (Summa Theologica), dies at 48 or 49

  • 1276-08-18 Adrian V [Ottobono Fieschi], Italian Pope (7/11-8/18/1276), dies
  • 1280-08-22 Nicholas III [Giovanni Gaetano Orsini], Italian Pope (1277-80), dies
  • 1287-04-03 Honorius IV [Giacomo Savelli], Italian Pope (1285-87), dies
  • 1298-07-14 Jacob de Voragine, Italian bishop/writer (Golden Legend), dies
  • 1305-09-10 Nicholas van Tolentino, Italian saint, dies
  • 1317-04-20 Agnes van Montepulciano, Italian mystic and saint, dies
  • 1318-08-18 Clare of Montefalco, Italian Abbess and religious leader (born c. 1268)