Florence in History

Historical Events


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

0406-08-23 Battle at Florence: Stilicho's Roman army beats Radagaisus' Barbarians

Roman General Stilicho
Roman General
Stilicho
  • 1333-11-04 Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
  • 1334-07-18 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone
  • 1382-03-15 Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence, Italy
  • 1419-12-11 Heretic Nicolaas Serrurier exiled from Florence
  • 1431-07-23 G Cesarini opens Counsil of Basel (Ferrara/Florence)
  • 1466-08-26 A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.
  • 1478-04-26 Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de'Medici and kill Giuliano de'Medici in Florence
  • 1494-11-08 Uprising against Piero de' Medici in Florence Italy
  • 1494-11-09 Piero the Unfortunate of the de' Medici family, ruler of Florence, loses his power and flees the state
  • 1494-11-18 French King Charles VIII occupies Florence
  • 1498-04-07 Crowd storms Savonarola's convent San Marco Florence, Italy

ItalyThe Statue of David

1504-09-08 Michelangelo's statue of David is unveiled in Florence
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A masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture, The Statue of David completed by Michelangelo in 1504
A masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture, The Statue of David completed by Michelangelo in 1504

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1512-11-07 Medici's discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1526-05-22 Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • 1527-05-16 Florence becomes a republic

  • 1530-08-12 Florence surrenders for emperor Karel I
  • 1602-12-05 Giulio Caccini's "Euridice" premieres in Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1737-03-12 Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847-03-14 Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi
  • 1887-05-02 Gioacchino Rossini's corpse transfered to Santa Croce, Florence
  • 1902-06-23 Monument to composer Gioacchino Rossini unveiled in Santa Croce, Florence
  • 1911-06-17 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Florence Sutton 8-10, 6-1, 9-7 for her third straight US singles title
  • 1921-02-27 The Fascists incite a riot in Florence, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-10-28 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944-08-04 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • 1944-08-13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1954-10-18 WBTW TV channel 13 in Florence, SC (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957-10-27 WOWL TV channel 15 in Florence, AL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961-05-27 Fiorentina of Italy win 1st European Cup Winner's Cup against Glasgow Rangers 4-2 in Florence (2nd leg)
  • 1967-08-16 WFIQ TV channel 36 in Florence, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967-09-03 WJPM TV channel 33 in Florence, SC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1981-06-10 Sebastian Coe of England sets 800m record (1:41.73) in Florence
  • 1984-08-09 Valerie Briscoe-Hooks beats fellow American Florence Griffith to win the 200m gold at the LA Olympics; completes the 200-400m double
  • 1993-05-27 Mafia bombs Uffizi Museum in Florence, killing 6
  • 2018-09-04 Italian city Florence bans people eating in the street in its historic center

Famous Birthdays

  • 1265-05-09 Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and author (Dante's Inferno, Divina Commedia), born in Florence, Republic of Florence (d. 1321)

Person of interestCosimo de Medici

1389-09-27 cosimo de' Medici, Italian banker and de facto ruler of Florence and patron of the arts, born in Florence (d. 1464)

Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de Medici
Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron
Cosimo de Medici
  • 1400-12-22 Luca della Robbia, Italian sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1482)
  • 1416-03-27 Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer and organist, born in Florence (d. 1480)
  • 1432-08-15 Luigi Pulci, Italian poet (Morgante), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1484)
  • 1435-10-20 Andrea Della Robbia, Florence, sculptor, nephew of Luca

Person of interestLeonardo da Vinci

1452-04-15 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, sculptor, scientist and visionary, born in Vinci, Florence, Italy (d. 1519)

Painter, Scientist and Visionary Leonardo da Vinci
Painter, Scientist and Visionary
Leonardo da Vinci
  • 1452-09-21 Girolamo Savonarola, Italian preacher and dictator of Florence (1494-98), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1498)

Person of interestAmerigo Vespucci

1454-03-09 Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America), born in Florence (d. 1512)

Person of interestNiccolo Machiavelli

1469-05-03 Niccolo Machiavelli, Italian politician and writer (Prince), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1527)

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1471-02-15 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1503)
  • 1472-03-28 Fra Bartolommeo, Florentine Renaissance painter (The Last Judgement), born in Florence (d. 1517)
  • 1474-10-13 Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter, born in Florence (d. 1515)

Person of interestLeo X

1475-12-11 Leo X [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1521)

Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X
  • 1478-05-26 Pope Clement VII [Giulio de' Medici], Italian Pope (1523-34), born in Florence (d. 1534)
  • 1479-03-12 Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence
  • 1484-04-12 Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect, born in Florence (d. 1546)
  • 1490-10-12 Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1548)
  • 1492-09-12 Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1519)
  • 1493-09-28 Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet and litterateur, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1543)
  • 1502-07-27 Francesco Corteccia, Italian composer, born in Florence (d. 1571)
  • 1508-12-24 Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1567)
  • 1510-07-22 Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (d. 1537)
  • 1511-07-30 Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and art historian (Vasari's Lives), born in Arezzo, Republic of Florence (d. 1574)
  • 1515-07-21 St Philippus Nerius, [Philippo Neri], Italian merchant/priest, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1595)
  • 1519-04-13 Catherine de' Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons, born in Florence (d. 1589)
  • 1519-05-27 Girolamo Mei, Italian historian and editor of Greek texts, born in Florence (d. 1594)
  • 1519-06-12 Cosimo I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and art patron of Florence, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1574)
  • 1521-08-19 Lodovico Guicciardini, Italian historian (Descrittione di Tutti), born in Florence (d. 1589)
  • 1535-05-31 Alessandro Allori, Italian painter and carpet designer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1607)
  • 1549-07-30 Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1609)

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

1564-02-15 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1573-04-26 Marie de' Medici, Queen of France, born in Palazzo Pitti, Florence (d. 1642)
  • 1577-06-21 Giovanni Del Turco, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1647)
  • 1578-02-09 Giambattista Andreini, Italian playwright and actor (L'adamo), born in Florence (d. 1654)
  • 1582-05-01 Marco da Gagliano, Italian opera composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1643)
  • 1582-12-23 Severo Bonini, Italian composer and monk, born in Florence (d. 1663)
  • 1587-09-18 Francesca Caccini, Italian composer and singer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1641)
  • 1599-02-13 Alexander VII [Fabio Chigi], Italian Pope (1655-67), born in Siena, Florence, Italy (d. 1667)
  • 1603-04-26 Francesco Nigetti, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1681)
  • 1604-06-04 Claudia de' Medici, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, born in Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1648)
  • 1606-05-06 Lorenzo Lippi [Perlone Zipoli], Italian poet and painter, born in Florence (d. 1664)
  • 1622-04-05 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (Viviani's theorem), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1703)
  • 1632-11-28 Jean-Baptiste Lully, Italian-born French composer (Miserere Suites de Symphonies et Trios), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1687)
  • 1636-09-18 Pietro Sanmartini, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1701)
  • 1638-07-15 Giovanni Buonaventura Viviani, Italian composer, born in Florence (d. 1693)
  • 1642-08-14 Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), born in Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1723)
  • 1652-04-07 Clement XII [Lorenzo Corsini], Italian Pope (1730-40) who despite ill health and total blindness (1732) unsuccessfully stemmed decline of papal influence, born in Florence (d. 1740)
  • 1653-05-30 Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany, born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1676)
  • 1671-05-24 Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1737)
  • 1690-02-01 Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian opera composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1768)
  • 1691-08-25 Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect (Cappella Corsini), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1736)
  • 1695-05-02 Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, Italian-French architect, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1766)
  • 1697-12-05 Carlo Arrigoni, Italian composer and musician, born in Florence (d. 1744)
  • 1703-08-02 Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (18th & last Superior General of the Society of Jesus), born in Florence (d. 1775)
  • 1723-04-25 Giovanni Marco Rutini, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1797)
  • 1729-04-18 Gaétan Vestris, French ballet dancer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1808)
  • 1730-06-14 Antonio Sacchini, Italian opera composer, born in Florence (d. 1786)
  • 1732-04-18 George Colman the Elder, English dramatist, born in Florence (d. 1794)
  • 1737-10-22 Vincenzo Manfredini, Italian composer, born in Pistoia, Florence (d. 1799)
  • 1760-09-14 Luigi Cherubini, Italian prodigy and composer, born in Florence (d. 1842)
  • 1768-02-12 Francis II, Florence Italy, last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806)
  • 1769-05-06 Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1790-1801), born in Florence (d. 1824)
  • 1771-09-05 Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1847)
  • 1784-12-13 Archduke Louis of Austria, 14th child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Feldmarschal-Leutnant of Austrian Imperial Army, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1864)
  • 1792-09-14 Gino Capponi, Italian marquis, literary and Premier of Toscane, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1876)
  • 1796-06-25 Ferdinando Giorgetti, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1867)
  • 1797-10-03 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1870)
  • 1800-05-06 Ferdinand Marcucci, Italian harpist and composer, born in Florence (d. 1871)
  • 1808-04-13 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (invented a telephone-like device), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1896)
  • 1835-06-10 Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1908)
  • 1837-11-13 James T. Rapier, African-American politician, born in Florence, Alabama (d. 1883)
  • 1848-07-09 Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma, born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1907)
  • 1852-11-25 Johan Salvator, Archduke of Austria, born in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1890)
  • 1856-01-12 John Singer Sargent, American painter (Wyndham Sisters), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1925)
  • 1865-06-04 Guido Gasperini, Italian composer, born in Florence (d. 1942)
  • 1869-01-23 Felice Boghen, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1945)
  • 1881-03-26 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, born in Florence (d. 1953)
  • 1883-03-13 Enrico Toselli, Italian pianist and composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1926)
  • 1884-12-25 [Florence] Evelyn Nesbit, American actress, born in Tarentum, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • 1892-01-05 Francesca Bertini, Italian actress (Odette, Assunta Spina), born in Florence, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1985)
  • 1892-09-15 Silpa Bhirasri [Corrado Feroci], Italian-Thai sculptor, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1962)
  • 1895-04-03 Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer, born in Florence (d. 1968)
  • 1899-01-21 Lido Manetti [Arnold Kent], Italian-born American actor (Quo Vardis), born in Florence (d. 1928)
  • 1904-07-05 Harold Acton, English-Italian historian and art collector, born in Villa La Pietra, Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1909-01-09 Herva Nelli, Italian-born American soprano, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1914-07-18 Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (Tour de France 1938, 48; Giro d'Italia 1936-7, 46), born in Ponte a Ema, Florence, Italy (d. 2000)
  • 1914-08-16 Tullio Pandolfini, Italian water polo (Olympic gold 1948), born in Florence (d. 1999)
  • 1915-07-27 Mario del Monaco, Italian opera singer (Verdi/Puccini), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1916-10-21 Andrea Checchi, Italian actor (The Lady Without Camelias, Two Anonymous Letters), born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1974)
  • 1917-09-10 Franfo Fortini [Franco Lattes], Italian poet, born in Florence (d. 1994)
  • 1921-03-13 Carlo Prosperi, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1921-05-12 Giovanni Benelli, archbishop (Florence)/Papal candidate
  • 1923-02-12 Franco Zeffirelli, Italian director (Romeo & Juliet), born in Florence, Italy (d. 2019)
  • 1925-06-21 Giovanni Spadolini, Italian historian and politician, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1926-09-26 Giuseppe Chiari, Italian artist and composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1927-11-03 Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman (McCain Foods Limited), born in Florenceville, New Brunswick
  • 1928-10-19 Buff Cobb [Patrizia Cobb Chapman], American actress and TV personality (Masquerade Party), born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 2010)
  • 1929-07-31 Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and writer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 2006)
  • 1930-03-01 Gastone Nencini, Italian road cyclist (Giro d'Italia 1957; Tour de France 1960), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1980)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1956-05-22 Actress Anita Ekberg (24) weds actor and singer Anthony Steel (36) in Florence, Italy

Actress Anita Ekberg
Actress
Anita Ekberg

LoveWedding of Interest

2003-07-19 "Sabrina, The Teenage Witch" actress Melissa Joan Hart (27) weds "Course of Nature" lead singer-guitarist Mark Wilkersonin (26) in Florence, Italy

LoveWedding of Interest

2014-05-24 Rapper and record producer Kanye West (36) weds model Kim Kardashian (33) at Fort di Belvedere in Florence, Italy

TV Personality & Model Kim Kardashian
TV Personality & Model
Kim Kardashian
Rapper Kanye West
Rapper
Kanye West

Famous Deaths

  • 1459-05-02 Pierozzi Antoninus, Italian archbishop of Florence/saint, dies
  • 1459-10-30 Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist, who rediscovered lost classical texts, dies at 79

Person of interestCosimo de Medici

1464-08-01 cosimo de' Medici, Italian banker and de facto ruler of Florence, dies at 74

Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de Medici
Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron
Cosimo de Medici
  • 1469-12-03 Piero de' Medici, ruler of Florence, dies at about 53
  • 1478-04-26 Giuliano de' Medici, Medeheerser of Florence, murdered at ~24
  • 1498-05-23 Girolamo Savonarola, Italian preacher and dictator of Florence (1494-98), hanged at 45
  • 1503-12-28 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1471)
  • 1516-03-17 Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence, dies at 37
  • 1535-08-10 Ippolito de' Medici, ruler of Florence (poisoned) (b. 1509)
  • 1537-01-07 Alessandro de' Medici, Italian monarch of Florence, assassinated
  • 1723-10-31 Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), dies at 81
  • 1945-06-18 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, dies at 82
  • 1982-10-26 Giovanni Benelli, archbishop of Florence/Pope candidate, dies