Naples in History

Historical Events

  • 0836-07-04 Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1273-12-06 Thomas Aquinas is thought to have a mystical experience in Naples, refuses to continue his work "I cannot, because all that I have written seems like straw to me"

  • 1284-06-05 Charles of Salerno is captured by Roger of Lauria during a naval battle in the Gulf of Naples, part of the Sicilian Vespers uprising
  • 1387-02-24 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda
  • 1413-06-07 King Ladislaw of Naples occupies Rome

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1442-06-12 King Alfonso V of Aragon occupies Naples

  • 1442-07-12 King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes King of Naples
  • 1456-12-05 Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die
  • 1494-01-25 Alfonso II succeeds his father as king of Naples
  • 1495-02-22 French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown
  • 1495-05-20 French King Charles VIII leaves Naples
  • 1495-07-07 King Ferdinand II returns to Naples
  • 1495-07-20 French viceroy of Naples Montpensier surrenders
  • 1500-11-11 Treaty of Granada: France & Aragon divide the Kingdom of Naples
  • 1504-01-01 King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta
  • 1504-01-31 By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
  • 1516-08-13 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.
  • 1534-06-12 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap and plunder in Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1555-10-25 Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of Netherlands, Naples and Milan

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1562-03-09 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)
  • 1647-07-07 People's uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples
  • 1648-04-05 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1734-03-10 Spanish army under Don Carlos (III) draws into Naples
  • 1737-11-04 The Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, inaugurated.
  • 1739-04-21 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord
  • 1740-02-03 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • 1762-01-04 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples
  • 1799-01-14 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1805-07-26 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
  • 1808-07-15 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
  • 1815-04-10 Austria declares war on Kingdom of Naples
  • 1815-05-03 Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats King Joachim of Naples
  • 1815-09-28 Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • 1815-10-12 Ex-king Joachim Murat of Naples sentenced to death
  • 1816-02-13 -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire
  • 1821-12-28 Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna
  • 1835-09-26 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Lucia di Lammermoor" premieres in Naples
  • 1848-01-28 King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1849-12-08 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • 1857-12-16 Earthquake in Naples, Italy
  • 1879-07-01 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1906-04-07 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
  • 1943-09-27 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • 1943-10-01 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • 1943-10-01 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • 1944-08-12 Churchill & Tito meet in Naples
  • 1949-08-11 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)
  • 1961-01-25 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Naples Pro-Am Golf Tournament
  • 1962-01-24 Mickey Wright/Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Naples Pro-Am Golf Tournament
  • 1963-01-22 Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Naples Professional Golf Tournament
  • 1964-10-04 Italian Autostrada del Sol opens at Milan-Naples
  • 1965-03-20 10th Eurovision Song Contest: Serge Gainsbourg for Luxembourg wins singing "Poupee de cire, poupee de son" in Naples
  • 1973-02-11 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Naples-Lely Golf Classic
  • 1974-02-17 Carol Mann wins LPGA Naples Lely Golf Classic
  • 1975-02-09 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Naples Lely Golf Classic
  • 1976-02-08 Jan Stephens wins LPGA Sarah Coventry Naples Golf Classic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982-05-19 Sophia Loren jailed in Naples for tax evasion

Actress Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
  • 2005-09-16 Camorra boss Paolo Di Lauro is arrested in Naples.
  • 2012-04-18 The Casoria Contemporary Art Museum in Naples begins burning artworks after cultural institution budget cuts
  • 2017-12-07 Naples' pizza spinning given UNESCO intangible heritage status along with Germany's organ music, Kyrgystan's Kok boru and India's Kumbh festival

Famous Birthdays

  • 1271-09-08 Charles Martel d'Anjou, son of Charles II of Naples (d. 1295)
  • 1339-07-23 Louis I, Duke of Anjou/King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers)
  • 1347-07-28 Margherita of Durazzo, queen of Naples (d. 1412)
  • 1373-06-25 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35)
  • 1377-02-11 King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
  • 1409-01-16 René I of Naples (d. 1480)
  • 1448-11-04 King Alphonso II of Naples (d. 1495)
  • 1456-07-28 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (Arcadia), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1530)
  • 1467-07-26 Ferdinand II, King of Naples
  • 1469-08-26 Ferdinand II of Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1470-10-02 Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (1489-1494), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1524)
  • 1517-03-29 Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1561)
  • 1517-08-20 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, cardinal/viceroy of Naples (1571-75)
  • 1544-03-11 Torquato Tasso, Italian Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia), born in Sorrento, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1595)

Person of interestGiovanni Bernini

1598-12-07 Giovanni Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1680)

Baroque Sculptor Giovanni Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Giovanni Bernini
  • 1608-01-28 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, mathematician/astronomer, born in Naples, Italy
  • 1680-05-05 Giuseppe Porsile, Neapolitan composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1750)
  • 1685-10-26 Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer and harpsichordist (La Silvia), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1757)
  • 1690-09-15 Ignazio Prota, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1748)
  • 1692-10-08 Antonio Palella, Italian composer and harpsichordist, born in San Giovanni a Teduccio, Naples, Italy (d. 1761)
  • 1716-01-20 Carlos III, king of Naples/Spain (1759-88) Pompei/Jesuits
  • 1725-04-23 Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint, born in Muro, Naples, Italy (d. 1755)
  • 1727-04-12 Gaspare Gabellone, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1796)
  • 1734-01-01 John F E Acton, cruel premier of Naples
  • 1751-01-12 Ferdinand I, king of Sicily & Naples. (d. 1825)
  • 1752-04-04 Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli, Italian composer (Andromeda), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1837)
  • 1767-03-25 Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15)
  • 1768-01-07 Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples (d. 1844)
  • 1770-10-01 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799)
  • 1771-12-26 Julie Clary, queen consort of Naples (d. 1845)
  • 1782-03-25 Caroline Bonaparte, Queen of Naples (d. 1839) and sister of Napoleon
  • 1784-12-14 Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias (d. 1806)
  • 1798-11-05 Carolina F L duchess of Berry, daughter of crown prince of Naples
  • 1805-06-08 Luigi Ricci, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1859)
  • 1822-03-14 Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (1843-89), born in Naples, Two Sicilies (d. 1889)
  • 1834-01-10 John Dalberg, Baron Acton, English historian, MP, “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely, born in Naples, Two Sicilies
  • 1857-03-08 Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (I pagliacci/Zaza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1919)
  • 1873-02-25 Enrico Caruso, operatic tenor (Faust), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1877-11-09 Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician, 1st President of Italy (1948), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1959)
  • 1898-02-15 Totò [Antonio Clemente], Italian actor (Motorizzate, Noi Duri) commonly referred to as the most popular Italian comedian of all time, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1867)
  • 1900-03-28 Achille Longo, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1954)
  • 1900-05-24 Eduardo De Filippo, Italian playwright, director, actor and poet (7 Deadly Sins, Shoot Loud), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1984)

Person of interestSalvatore Quasimodo

1901-08-20 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet, critic and translator (Nobel 1959), born in Modica, Italy (d. 1968)

Author/Poet Salvatore Quasimodo
Salvatore Quasimodo
  • 1911-08-25 Jacopo Napoli, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1914-11-20 Emilio Pucci, fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1954), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1920-01-07 Vincent Gardenia, Italian-American actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Moonstruck, Little Shop of Horrors), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1922-11-15 Francesco Rosi, director (Lucky Luciano), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1925-06-29 Giorgio Napolitano, Italian politician, President of Italy (2006-15), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1926-11-11 Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian racing car driver (first woman to complete in Formula One), born in Naples (d. 2016)
  • 1929-10-31 Bud Spencer, Italian actor (Aladdin, Extralarge, Go For It), born in Borgo Santa Lucia, Naples, Italy (d. 2016)
  • 1941-07-28 Riccardo Muti, Italian conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1948-08-22 Eleonora Brown, Italian actress (The Sailor from Gibraltar), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1954-08-11 Lina Polito, actress (Love & Anarchy), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1954-12-28 Tony Rosato, Canadian comedian (SCTV, Saturday Night Live), born in Naples, Italy (d. 2017)
  • 1962-05-27 Mariangela D'Abbraccio, TV actress (Passioni), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1963-07-28 Patrizia Pellegrino, Italian actress and TV personality (Italy's Miss Teenager 1980), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1963-12-30 Alessandra Mussolini, actress (Ferragosto OK), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1966-10-22 Valeria Golino, Italian actress (Rain Man, Little Flames), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1970-03-15 Diego Nargiso, tennis pro, born in Naples, Italy

Famous Weddings

  • 1554-07-24 Queen Maria of England marries Philip, king of Naples/Jerusalem
  • 1800-01-20 Napoleon I's sister Carolina marries King Joachim Murat of Naples

Famous Deaths

  • 1268-10-20 Conrad Hohenstaufen/Conradin, last Duke of Swabia, beheaded in Naples aged 16
  • 1285-01-07 Charles I of Anjou, king of Naples/bro of King Louis IX, dies at 58
  • 1309-05-05 Charles II, the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies
  • 1343-01-16 Robert of Anjou, king (Naples), dies
  • 1382-05-12 Johanna I, Queen of Naples/Provence, dies
  • 1384-09-02 Louis I, duke of Anjou/king of Naples (Battle of Poitiers), dies
  • 1414-08-06 King Ladislas of Naples (b. 1377)
  • 1434-11-12 King Louis III of Naples
  • 1435-02-02 Johanna II, lawless Queen of Naples (1414-35), dies at 61
  • 1446-05-09 Mary of Enghien, Queen of Naples (b. 1368)

Person of interestAlfonso V of Aragon

1458-06-27 Alfonso V, King of Aragon/Sicily/Naples (Alfonso I), dies

  • 1463-11-15 Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini, Prince of Taranto and Constable of Naples
  • 1480-07-10 King René I of Naples (b. 1410) last heir of house of Anjou
  • 1494-01-25 Ferdinand I, cruel king of Naples, dies
  • 1495-11-19 Alfonso II, king of Naples (1494-95), dies
  • 1495-12-18 King Alphonso II of Naples (b. 1448)
  • 1496-10-05 Ferdinand II, king of Naples, dies
  • 1515-12-02 Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies
  • 1530-08-03 Philibert Chalon, prince of Orange/viceroy of Naples, dies
  • 1586-09-21 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1788-12-14 Carlos III, King of Naples/Spain (1759-88), dies at 72
  • 1811-08-12 John FE Acton, cruel premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • 1815-10-13 Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • 1825-01-04 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies at 73
  • 1825-06-04 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies
  • 1844-07-28 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain (b. 1768)
  • 1860-04-16 Carolina, duchess of Berry/daughter of crown prince of Naples, dies
  • 1979-11-07 Paolo Carlini, Italian actor (It Started in Naples), dies at 53
  • 1994-08-15 Wout Wagtmans, cyclist (Rome-Naples-Rome 1957), dies at 64