Naples in History

Historical Events

  • 0836-07-04 Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1273-12-06 Thomas Aquinas is thought to have a mystical experience in Naples, refuses to continue his work "I cannot, because all that I have written seems like straw to me"

When The Bells Rang Out For FreedomWhen The Bells Rang Out For Freedom

1284-06-05 Charles of Salerno is captured by Roger of Lauria during a naval battle in the Gulf of Naples, part of the Sicilian Vespers uprising
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An artist's impression of the start of the War of the Vespers
An artist's impression of the start of the War of the Vespers
  • 1387-02-24 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda
  • 1413-06-07 King Ladislaw of Naples occupies Rome

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1442-06-12 King Alfonso V of Aragon occupies Naples

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1504-01-31 Under the Treaty of Lyon, French King Louis XII cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon after defeat in the Italian War of 1499–1504

King of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
King of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon

  • 1516-08-13 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.
  • 1534-06-12 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap and plunder in Naples
  • 1555-10-25 Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of Netherlands, Naples and Milan
  • 1562-03-09 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)
  • 1647-07-07 People's uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples
  • 1648-04-05 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1734-03-10 Spanish army under Don Carlos (III) draws into Naples
  • 1737-11-04 The Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, inaugurated.
  • 1739-04-21 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord
  • 1740-02-03 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • 1762-01-04 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples
  • 1799-01-14 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1805-07-26 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
  • 1808-07-15 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
  • 1815-04-10 Austria declares war on Kingdom of Naples
  • 1815-05-03 Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats King Joachim of Naples
  • 1815-09-28 Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • 1815-10-12 Ex-king Joachim Murat of Naples sentenced to death
  • 1816-02-13 -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire
  • 1821-12-28 Composer Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna

  • 1835-09-26 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Lucia di Lammermoor" premieres in Naples
  • 1848-01-28 King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1849-12-08 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi
  • 1857-12-16 Earthquake in Naples, Italy
  • 1879-07-01 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1906-04-05 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people
  • 1943-09-27 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • 1943-10-01 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • 1943-10-01 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-08-12 Winston Churchill and Tito meet in Naples

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1949-08-11 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)
  • 1964-10-04 Italian Autostrada del Sol opens at Milan-Naples
  • 1965-03-20 10th Eurovision Song Contest: France Gall of Luxembourg wins singing "Poupee de cire, poupee de son" written by Serge Gainsbourg in Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982-05-19 Sophia Loren jailed in Naples for tax evasion

Actress Sophia Loren
Actress
Sophia Loren
  • 2005-09-16 Camorra boss Paolo Di Lauro is arrested in Naples.
  • 2012-04-18 The Casoria Contemporary Art Museum in Naples begins burning artworks after cultural institution budget cuts
  • 2017-12-07 Naples' pizza spinning given UNESCO intangible heritage status along with Germany's organ music, Kyrgystan's Kok boru and India's Kumbh festival

Famous Birthdays

  • 1271-09-08 Charles Martel of Anjou, Son of Charles II of Naples, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1295)
  • 1339-07-23 Louis I, Duke of Anjou and King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers), born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1384)
  • 1347-07-28 Margherita of Durazzo, queen of Naples (d. 1412)
  • 1373-06-25 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35), born in Zadar, Dalmatia (d. 1435)
  • 1377-02-11 King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
  • 1380-06-24 Saint John of Capistrano, Franciscan friar and Catholic priest from the Italian town of Capestrano, Abruzzo, born in Capestrano, Abruzzi, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1456)
  • 1409-01-16 René of Anjou, King of Naples (1435-42) and last heir of the House of Anjou, born in Château d'Angers, Angers, Anjou, France (d. 1480)
  • 1448-11-04 Alphonso II, King of Naples (1494-95), born in Naples (d. 1495)

Person of interestFerdinand II of Aragon

1452-03-10 ferdinand ii, king of Aragon (1479-1516), King of Naples (1504-16), born in Sada Palace, Sos, Aragon (d. 1516)

King of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
King of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon
  • 1456-07-28 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (Arcadia), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1530)
  • 1467-07-26 Ferdinand II, King of Naples (1495-96), born in Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1470-10-02 Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (1489-1494), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1524)
  • 1517-03-29 Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1561)
  • 1517-08-20 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), born in Besançon, France (d. 1586)
  • 1544-03-11 Torquato Tasso, Italian Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia), born in Sorrento, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1595)
  • 1550-05-25 Camillus de Lellis, Italian Roman Catholic saint (founder of the Ministers of the Sick), born in Bucchianico, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1614)

Person of interestGian Lorenzo Bernini

1598-12-07 Gian Lorenzo [Giovanni] Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), painter and architect, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1680)

Baroque Sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • 1603-06-17 Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint, born in Copertino, Apulia, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1663)
  • 1608-01-28 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, mathematician/astronomer, born in Naples, Italy
  • 1672-01-16 Francesco Mancini, Neapolitan composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1737)
  • 1680-05-05 Giuseppe Porsile, Neapolitan composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1750)
  • 1685-10-26 Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer and harpsichordist (La Silvia), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1757)
  • 1690-09-15 Ignazio Prota, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1748)
  • 1692-10-08 Antonio Palella, Italian composer and harpsichordist, born in San Giovanni a Teduccio, Naples, Italy (d. 1761)
  • 1694-08-05 Leonardo Leo, Italian composer, born in San Vito degli Schiavi, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1744)
  • 1696-09-27 Alfonso Liguori, Italian bishop and theologian, born in Marianella, Campania, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1787)
  • 1697-12-05 Giuseppe de Majo, Italian composer and organist, born in Naples (d. 1771)
  • 1704-08-13 Lorenzo Fago, Italian composer and teacher, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1793)
  • 1709-06-25 Francesco Araja, Italian composer, born in Naples, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1770)
  • 1714-09-10 Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer, born in Aversa, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1774)
  • 1715-12-12 Gennaro Manna, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1779)
  • 1716-01-20 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) and King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1788)
  • 1718-04-14 Emanuele Barbella, Neapolitan composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1777)
  • 1722-10-05 Gregorio Sciroli, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1781)
  • 1723-06-18 Giuseppe Scarlatti, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1777)
  • 1725-04-23 Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint, born in Muro, Naples, Italy (d. 1755)
  • 1727-04-12 Gaspare Gabellone, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1796)
  • 1734-01-01 John F E Acton, cruel premier of Naples
  • 1739-09-13 Giuseppe Sigismondo, Italian historian and composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1826)
  • 1751-01-12 Ferdinand I, king of Sicily & Naples. (d. 1825)
  • 1752-04-04 Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli, Italian composer (Andromeda), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1837)
  • 1764-09-15 Paolo Francesco Parenti, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1821)
  • 1767-03-25 Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15)
  • 1768-01-07 Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples (d. 1844)
  • 1770-10-01 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799), born in Civitacampomarano, Molise, Italy (d. 1823)
  • 1771-12-26 Julie Clary, queen consort of Naples (d. 1845)
  • 1772-06-06 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Royal Palace, Naples (d. 1807)
  • 1777-08-14 Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), born in Naples, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1830)
  • 1782-03-25 Caroline Bonaparte, Queen of Naples (d. 1839) and sister of Napoleon
  • 1782-04-14 Carlo Coccia, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1873)
  • 1782-04-26 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, French queen as wife of Louis Phillip of Austria, born in Caserta Palace, Naples (d. 1866)
  • 1784-12-14 Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias, born in Caserta Palace, Caserta, Naples (d. 1806)
  • 1786-07-25 Giacomo Cordella, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1846)
  • 1798-11-05 Marie-Caroline of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Berry, Italian princess of the House of Bourbon, born in Caserta Palace, Caserta, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1870)
  • 1805-06-08 Luigi Ricci, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1859)
  • 1808-09-15 Louis Clapisson, French composer and violinist, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1866)
  • 1809-10-22 Federico Ricci, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1877)
  • 1822-03-14 Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (1843-89), born in Naples, Two Sicilies (d. 1889)
  • 1834-01-10 John Dalberg, Baron Acton, English historian & historian (“Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely"), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1902)
  • 1842-12-24 Nicola d' Arienzo, Italian composer and writer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1915)
  • 1857-03-08 Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (I pagliacci/Zaza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1919)
  • 1861-12-05 Armando Diaz, Italian marshal and minister of War (1922-24), born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1928)
  • 1868-01-06 Vittorio Monti, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1922)

Person of interestVictor Emmanuel III

1869-11-11 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), Emperor of Ethiopia and King of the Albanians, born in Naples (d. 1947)

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • 1873-02-25 Enrico Caruso, Italian operatic tenor (Faust), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1921)
  • 1877-11-09 Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician, 1st President of Italy (1948), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1959)
  • 1879-07-27 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1927)
  • 1882-04-15 Giovanni Amendola, Italian anti-fascist and editor-in-chief (Il Mondo), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1926)
  • 1883-08-06 Francesco Santoliquido, Italian composer, born in San Giorgio a Cremano, Naples, Italy (d. 1971)
  • 1898-02-15 Totò [Antonio Clemente], Italian actor (Motorizzate, Noi Duri) commonly referred to as the most popular Italian comedian of all time, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1967)
  • 1900-03-28 Achille Longo, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1954)
  • 1900-05-24 Eduardo De Filippo, Italian playwright, director, actor and poet (7 Deadly Sins, Shoot Loud), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1984)

Person of interestSalvatore Quasimodo

1901-08-20 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet, critic and translator (Nobel 1959), born in Modica, Italy (d. 1968)

Author/Poet Salvatore Quasimodo
Author/Poet
Salvatore Quasimodo
  • 1902-08-21 Renato Fasano, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1979)
  • 1911-08-25 Jacopo Napoli, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1914-11-20 Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1954), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1920-01-07 Vincent Gardenia, Italian-American actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Moonstruck, Little Shop of Horrors), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1922-11-15 Francesco Rosi, director (Lucky Luciano), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1925-06-29 Giorgio Napolitano, Italian politician, President of Italy (2006-15), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1926-11-11 Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian racing car driver (first woman to complete in Formula One), born in Naples (d. 2016)
  • 1929-10-31 Bud Spencer, Italian actor (Aladdin, Extralarge, Go For It), born in Borgo Santa Lucia, Naples, Italy (d. 2016)
  • 1935-12-30 Bruno Canino, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy
  • 1936-08-30 Fabrizia Ramondino, Italian author, born in Naples, Italy (d. 2008)
  • 1941-07-28 Riccardo Muti, Italian conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1943-10-18 Elena Ferrante, pseudonymous Italian novelist (Neapolitan Novels), born in Naples, Italy (claimed)
  • 1945-07-12 Leopoldo Mastelloni, Italian actor (Inferno), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1948-08-22 Eleonora Brown, Italian actress (The Sailor from Gibraltar), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1954-08-11 Lina Polito, actress (Love & Anarchy), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1954-12-28 Tony Rosato, Canadian comedian (SCTV, Saturday Night Live), born in Naples, Italy (d. 2017)
  • 1962-05-27 Mariangela D'Abbraccio, TV actress (Passioni), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1963-07-28 Patrizia Pellegrino, Italian actress and TV personality (Italy's Miss Teenager 1980), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1963-12-30 Alessandra Mussolini, actress (Ferragosto OK), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1966-10-22 Valeria Golino, Italian actress (Rain Man, Little Flames), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1970-03-15 Diego Nargiso, tennis pro, born in Naples, Italy
  • 1972-09-19 Fred McCrary, American NFL fullback (Philadelphia Eagles), born in Naples, Florida
  • 1973-09-13 Fabio Cannavaro, Italian footballer (Parma), born in Naples, Italy

Famous Weddings

  • 1554-07-24 Queen Maria of England marries Philip, king of Naples/Jerusalem
  • 1800-01-20 Napoleon I's sister Carolina marries King Joachim Murat of Naples

Famous Deaths

  • 1268-10-20 Conrad Hohenstaufen/Conradin, last Duke of Swabia, beheaded in Naples aged 16
  • 1285-01-07 Charles I of Anjou, king of Naples/bro of King Louis IX, dies at 58
  • 1295-08-12 Charles Martel of Anjou, Son of Charles II of Naples, dies at 23
  • 1309-05-05 Charles II, the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies
  • 1343-01-16 Robert of Anjou, king (Naples), dies
  • 1382-05-12 Johanna I, Queen of Naples/Provence, dies
  • 1384-09-02 Louis I, Duke of Anjou and King of Naples (Battle of Poitiers), dies at 45
  • 1414-08-06 King Ladislas of Naples (b. 1377)
  • 1434-11-12 King Louis III of Naples
  • 1435-02-02 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35), dies at 61
  • 1446-05-09 Mary of Enghien, Queen of Naples, dies at 79

Person of interestAlfonso V of Aragon

1458-06-27 Alfonso V, King of Aragon/Sicily/Naples (Alfonso I), dies

  • 1463-11-15 Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini, Prince of Taranto and Constable of Naples
  • 1480-07-10 René of Anjou, King of Naples (1435-42) and last heir of the House of Anjou, dies of 71
  • 1494-01-25 Ferdinand I, cruel king of Naples, dies
  • 1495-11-19 Alfonso II, king of Naples (1494-95), dies
  • 1495-12-18 Alphonso II, King of Naples (1494-95), dies at 47
  • 1496-10-05 Ferdinand II, King of Naples (1495-96), dies at 27
  • 1515-12-02 Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies

Person of interestFerdinand II of Aragon

1516-01-23 ferdinand ii, king of Aragon (1479-1516), King of Naples (1504-16), dies at 63

King of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
King of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon
  • 1530-08-03 Philibert Chalon, prince of Orange/viceroy of Naples, dies
  • 1586-09-21 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1669-10-18 Abraham Willaerts, Dutch painter (A Spanish three-decker at anchor off Naples), dies
  • 1788-12-14 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) & King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), dies at 72
  • 1806-05-21 Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias, dies at 21
  • 1807-04-13 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Holy Roman Empire Empress, dies at 34
  • 1811-08-12 John FE Acton, cruel premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • 1815-10-13 Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • 1823-12-14 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799), dies at 53
  • 1825-01-04 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies at 73
  • 1825-06-04 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies
  • 1844-07-28 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain (b. 1768)
  • 1860-04-16 Carolina, duchess of Berry/daughter of crown prince of Naples, dies
  • 1979-11-07 Paolo Carlini, Italian actor (It Started in Naples), dies at 53
  • 1994-08-15 Wout Wagtmans, cyclist (Rome-Naples-Rome 1957), dies at 64