Naples in History

Historical Events

  • 0836-07-04 Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples

Historic Event

1273-12-06 Thomas Aquinas is thought to have a mystical experience in Naples, refuses to continue his work "I cannot, because all that I have written seems like straw to me"

When The Bells Rang Out For Freedom

1284-06-05 Charles of Salerno is captured by Roger of Lauria during a naval battle in the Gulf of Naples, part of the Sicilian Vespers uprising

  • 1387-02-24 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda
  • 1413-06-07 King Ladislaw of Naples occupies Rome

Victory in Battle

1442-06-12 King Alfonso V of Aragon occupies Naples

Historic Event

1495-02-22 French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown

Historic Event

1504-01-01 French King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta

Treaty of Interest

1504-01-31 Under the Treaty of Lyon, French King Louis XII cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon after defeat in the Italian War of 1499–1504

  • 1516-08-13 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.
  • 1534-06-12 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap and plunder in Naples

Historic Event

1555-10-25 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V publicly abdicates his roles as Lord of the Netherlands and Duke of Burgundy in favor of his son Philip II of Spain

  • 1562-03-09 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)
  • 1647-07-07 People's uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples
  • 1648-04-05 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1734-03-10 Spanish army under Don Carlos (III) draws into Naples
  • 1737-11-04 The Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, inaugurated.
  • 1739-04-21 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord
  • 1740-02-03 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • 1762-01-04 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples
  • 1799-01-14 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1805-07-26 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
  • 1808-07-15 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes King of Naples
  • 1815-04-10 Austria declares war on Kingdom of Naples
  • 1815-05-03 Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats King Joachim of Naples
  • 1815-09-28 Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • 1815-10-12 Ex-king Joachim Murat of Naples sentenced to death
  • 1816-02-13 -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire

Music History

1821-12-28 Composer Gioachino Rossini moves to Bologna

  • 1835-09-26 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Lucia di Lammermoor" premieres at the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (now Italy)
  • 1848-01-28 King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution

Music Premiere

1849-12-08 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples

  • 1857-12-16 Earthquake in Naples, Italy
  • 1879-07-01 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1906-04-05 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people
  • 1943-09-27 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • 1943-10-01 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • 1943-10-01 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • 1949-08-11 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)
  • 1964-10-04 Italian Autostrada del Sol opens at Milan-Naples
  • 1965-03-20 10th Eurovision Song Contest: France Gall of Luxembourg wins singing "Poupee de cire, poupee de son" written by Serge Gainsbourg in Naples

Film & TV History

1982-05-19 Sophia Loren jailed in Naples, Italy for tax evasion

  • 2005-09-16 Camorra boss Paolo Di Lauro is arrested in Naples.
  • 2012-04-18 The Casoria Contemporary Art Museum in Naples begins burning artworks after cultural institution budget cuts
  • 2017-12-07 Naples' pizza spinning given UNESCO intangible heritage status along with Germany's organ music, Kyrgystan's Kok boru, and India's Kumbh festival

Famous Birthdays

  • 1271-09-08 Charles Martel of Anjou, Son of Charles II of Naples, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1295)
  • 1339-07-23 Louis I, Duke of Anjou (1360-84) and King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers), born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1384)
  • 1347-07-28 Margherita of Durazzo, queen of Naples (d. 1412)
  • 1373-06-25 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35), born in Zadar, Dalmatia (d. 1435)
  • 1377-02-11 King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
  • 1386-06-24 Saint John of Capistrano, Franciscan friar and Catholic priest from the Italian town of Capestrano, Abruzzo, born in Capestrano, Abruzzi, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1456)
  • 1409-01-16 René of Anjou, King of Naples (1435-42) and last heir of the House of Anjou, born in Château d'Angers, Angers, Anjou, France (d. 1480)
  • 1448-11-04 Alphonso II, King of Naples (1494-95), born in Naples (d. 1495)

Ferdinand II of Aragon

1452-03-10 ferdinand ii, king of Aragon (1479-1516), King of Naples (1504-16), born in Sada Palace, Sos, Aragon (d. 1516)

  • 1456-07-28 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (Arcadia), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1530)
  • 1467-07-26 Ferdinand II, King of Naples (1495-96), born in Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1470-10-02 Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (1489-1494), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1524)
  • 1517-03-29 Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1561)
  • 1517-08-20 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), born in Besançon, France (d. 1586)
  • 1544-03-11 Torquato Tasso, Italian Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia), born in Sorrento, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1595)
  • 1550-05-25 Camillus de Lellis, Italian Roman Catholic saint (founder of the Ministers of the Sick), born in Bucchianico, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1614)

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

1598-12-07 Gian Lorenzo [Giovanni] Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), painter and architect, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1680)

  • 1603-06-17 Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint, born in Copertino, Apulia, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1663)
  • 1608-01-28 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, mathematician and astronomer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1679)
  • 1672-01-16 Francesco Mancini, Neapolitan composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1737)
  • 1680-05-05 Giuseppe Porsile, Neapolitan composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1750)
  • 1685-10-26 Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer and harpsichordist (La Silvia), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1757)
  • 1690-09-15 Ignazio Prota, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1748)
  • 1692-10-08 Antonio Palella, Italian composer and harpsichordist, born in San Giovanni a Teduccio, Naples, Italy (d. 1761)
  • 1694-08-05 Leonardo Leo, Italian composer, born in San Vito degli Schiavi, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1744)
  • 1696-09-27 Alfonso Liguori, Italian bishop and theologian, born in Marianella, Campania, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1787)
  • 1697-12-05 Giuseppe de Majo, Italian composer and organist, born in Naples (d. 1771)
  • 1704-08-13 Lorenzo Fago, Italian composer and teacher, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1793)
  • 1709-06-25 Francesco Araja, Italian composer, born in Naples, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1770)
  • 1714-09-10 Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer, born in Aversa, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1774)
  • 1715-12-12 Gennaro Manna, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1779)
  • 1716-01-20 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) and King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1788)
  • 1718-04-14 Emanuele Barbella, Neapolitan composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1777)
  • 1722-10-05 Gregorio Sciroli, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1781)
  • 1723-06-18 Giuseppe Scarlatti, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1777)
  • 1725-04-23 Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint, born in Muro, Naples, Italy (d. 1755)
  • 1727-04-12 Gaspare Gabellone, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1796)
  • 1734-01-01 John F E Acton, cruel premier of Naples
  • 1739-09-13 Giuseppe Sigismondo, Italian historian and composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1826)
  • 1751-01-12 Ferdinand I, king of Sicily & Naples. (d. 1825)
  • 1752-04-04 Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli, Italian composer (Andromeda), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1837)
  • 1764-09-15 Paolo Francesco Parenti, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1821)
  • 1767-03-25 Joachim Murat, French military leader and statesman (Marshal of France; King of Naples, 1808-15), born in La Bastide-Fortunière, France (d. 1815)
  • 1768-01-07 Joseph Bonaparte, French King of Naples and Spain, brother of Napoleon, born in Corte, Corsica (d. 1844)
  • 1770-10-01 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799), born in Civitacampomarano, Molise, Italy (d. 1823)
  • 1771-12-26 Julie Clary, queen consort of Naples (d. 1845)
  • 1772-06-06 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Royal Palace, Naples (d. 1807)
  • 1777-08-14 Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), born in Naples, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1830)
  • 1782-03-25 Caroline Bonaparte, Queen of Naples (d. 1839) and sister of Napoleon
  • 1782-04-14 Carlo Coccia, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1873)
  • 1782-04-26 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, French queen as wife of Louis Phillip of Austria, born in Caserta Palace, Naples (d. 1866)
  • 1784-12-14 Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias, born in Caserta Palace, Caserta, Naples (d. 1806)
  • 1786-07-25 Giacomo Cordella, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1846)
  • 1798-11-05 Marie-Caroline of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Berry, Italian princess of the House of Bourbon, born in Caserta Palace, Caserta, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1870)
  • 1805-06-08 Luigi Ricci, Italian composer, born in Naples (d. 1859)
  • 1808-09-15 Louis Clapisson, French composer and violinist, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1866)
  • 1809-10-22 Federico Ricci, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1877)
  • 1822-03-14 Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (1843-89), born in Naples, Two Sicilies (d. 1889)
  • 1834-01-10 John Dalberg-Acton. British politician and historian: “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”, born in Naples, Kingdom of the Two Sicillies (now Italy) (d. 1902)
  • 1842-12-24 Nicola d' Arienzo, Italian composer and writer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1915)
  • 1857-03-08 Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (I pagliacci/Zaza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1919)
  • 1861-12-05 Armando Diaz, Italian marshal and minister of War (1922-24), born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1928)
  • 1868-01-06 Vittorio Monti, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1922)

Victor Emmanuel III

1869-11-11 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), Emperor of Ethiopia and King of the Albanians, born in Naples (d. 1947)

Enrico Caruso

1873-02-25 Enrico Caruso, Italian operatic tenor (Faust), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1921)

  • 1877-11-09 Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician, 1st President of Italy (1948), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1959)
  • 1879-07-27 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1927)
  • 1882-04-15 Giovanni Amendola, Italian anti-fascist and editor-in-chief (Il Mondo), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1926)
  • 1883-08-06 Francesco Santoliquido, Italian composer, born in San Giorgio a Cremano, Naples, Italy (d. 1971)
  • 1898-02-15 Totò [Antonio Clemente], Italian actor (Motorizzate, Noi Duri) commonly referred to as the most popular Italian comedian of all time, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1967)
  • 1900-03-28 Achille Longo, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1954)
  • 1900-05-24 Eduardo De Filippo, Italian playwright, director, actor and poet (7 Deadly Sins, Shoot Loud), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1984)

Salvatore Quasimodo

1901-08-20 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet, critic and translator (Nobel 1959), born in Modica, Italy (d. 1968)

  • 1902-08-21 Renato Fasano, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1979)
  • 1911-08-25 Jacopo Napoli, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1914-11-20 Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1954), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1920-01-07 Vincent Gardenia, Italian-American actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Moonstruck, Little Shop of Horrors), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1922-11-15 Francesco Rosi, director (Lucky Luciano), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1925-06-29 Giorgio Napolitano, Italian politician, President of Italy (2006-15), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1926-11-11 Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian racing car driver (first woman to complete in Formula One), born in Naples (d. 2016)
  • 1929-10-31 Bud Spencer, Italian actor (Aladdin, Extralarge, Go For It), born in Borgo Santa Lucia, Naples, Italy (d. 2016)
  • 1935-12-30 Bruno Canino, Italian pianist, harpsichordist, composer, and music director, born in Naples, Italy
  • 1936-08-30 Fabrizia Ramondino, Italian author, born in Naples, Italy (d. 2008)
  • 1941-07-28 Riccardo Muti, Italian conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra, 1980-92; La Scala, 1986-2005; Chicago Symphony 2010-present), born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy
  • 1943-10-18 Elena Ferrante, pseudonymous Italian novelist (Neapolitan Novels), born in Naples, Italy (claimed)
  • 1945-07-12 Leopoldo Mastelloni, Italian actor (Inferno), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1948-08-22 Eleonora Brown, Italian actress (The Sailor from Gibraltar), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1954-08-11 Lina Polito, actress (Love & Anarchy), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1954-12-28 Tony Rosato, Canadian comedian (SCTV, Saturday Night Live), born in Naples, Italy (d. 2017)
  • 1962-05-27 Mariangela D'Abbraccio, TV actress (Passioni), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1963-07-28 Patrizia Pellegrino, Italian actress and TV personality (Italy's Miss Teenager 1980), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1963-12-30 Alessandra Mussolini, actress (Ferragosto OK), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1966-10-22 Valeria Golino, Italian actress (Rain Man, Little Flames), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1970-03-15 Diego Nargiso, tennis pro, born in Naples, Italy
  • 1972-09-19 Fred McCrary, American NFL fullback (Philadelphia Eagles), born in Naples, Florida
  • 1973-09-13 Fabio Cannavaro, Italian footballer (Parma), born in Naples, Italy

Famous Weddings

  • 1554-07-24 Queen Maria of England marries Philip, king of Naples/Jerusalem
  • 1800-01-20 Napoleon I's sister Carolina marries French military leader Joachim Murat, future King of Naples

Famous Deaths

  • 1268-10-20 Conrad Hohenstaufen/Conradin, last Duke of Swabia, beheaded in Naples aged 16
  • 1285-01-07 Charles I of Anjou, King of Naples, brother of King Louis IX, dies at 58
  • 1295-08-12 Charles Martel of Anjou, Son of Charles II of Naples, dies at 23
  • 1309-05-05 Charles II, the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies
  • 1343-01-16 Robert of Anjou, king (Naples), dies
  • 1382-05-12 Johanna I, Queen of Naples/Provence, dies
  • 1384-09-20 Louis I, Duke of Anjou (1360-84) and King of Naples (Battle of Poitiers), dies while on the march at 45
  • 1414-08-06 King Ladislas of Naples (b. 1377)
  • 1434-11-12 King Louis III of Naples
  • 1435-02-02 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35), dies at 61
  • 1446-05-09 Mary of Enghien, Queen of Naples, dies at 79

Alfonso V of Aragon

1458-06-27 Alfonso V 'the Magnanimous', King of Aragon, Sicily and Naples (Alfonso I), dies at 61 or 62

  • 1463-11-15 Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini, Prince of Taranto and Constable of Naples
  • 1480-07-10 René of Anjou, King of Naples (1435-42) and last heir of the House of Anjou, dies at 71
  • 1494-01-25 Ferdinand I, cruel king of Naples, dies
  • 1495-11-19 Alfonso II, King of Naples (1494-95), dies
  • 1495-12-18 Alphonso II, King of Naples (1494-95), dies at 47
  • 1496-10-05 Ferdinand II, King of Naples (1495-96), dies at 27
  • 1515-12-02 Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies

Ferdinand II of Aragon

1516-01-23 ferdinand ii, king of Aragon (1479-1516), King of Naples (1504-16), dies at 63

  • 1530-08-03 Philibert Chalon, prince of Orange/viceroy of Naples, dies
  • 1586-09-21 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1669-10-18 Abraham Willaerts, Dutch painter (A Spanish three-decker at anchor off Naples), dies
  • 1788-12-14 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) & King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), dies at 72
  • 1806-05-21 Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias, dies at 21
  • 1807-04-13 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Holy Roman Empire Empress, dies at 34
  • 1811-08-12 John FE Acton, cruel premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • 1815-10-13 Joachim Murat, French soldier, Marshal of France and King of Naples (1808-15), executed by firing squad at 48
  • 1823-12-14 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799), dies at 53
  • 1825-01-04 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies at 73
  • 1825-06-04 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies
  • 1844-07-28 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain, dies at 76
  • 1860-04-16 Carolina, duchess of Berry/daughter of crown prince of Naples, dies
  • 1979-11-07 Paolo Carlini, Italian actor (It Started in Naples), dies at 53
  • 1994-08-15 Wout Wagtmans, Dutch cyclist (Rome-Naples-Rome 1957), dies at 64