Rome in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 228

  • 0753-04-21 BC Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date)
  • 0752-03-01 BC Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women
  • 0509-09-13 BC The temple of Jupiter on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September
  • 0390-07-18 BC Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leads to subsequent sacking of Rome

Assassination of Julius Caesar

0044-03-15 BC Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March in Rome

Historic Siege

0013-11-16 General Tiberius' (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany

  • 0028-06-12 Roman General Gaius Carrinas' triumphant procession through Rome, awarded for fighting in Gaul

Roman Empire

0055-02-11 Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.

  • 0064-07-18 Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero
  • 0064-07-19 Circus Maximus in Rome catches fire
  • 0065-06-08 Jews revolt against Rome, capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem
  • 0068-06-08 Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba
  • 0069-01-15 Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor, only rules for three months before committing suicide
  • 0069-12-20 General Vespasian's troops occupy Rome after defeating the Emperor Vitellius
  • 0070-05-31 Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
  • 0089-01-01 Governor Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome

Roman Empire

0104-01-01 Triumphal procession for the Roman General Gaius Marius with the defeated Numidian King Jugurtha led in chains though Rome

  • 0135-08-05 Betar last outpost of Bar Kochba falls to Rome

Royal Coronation

0193-04-14 Lucius Septimius Severus crowned Emperor of Rome

Historic Event

0218-06-08 Elagabalus becomes the emperor of Rome

  • 0219-09-29 Batavian soldiers consecrate altar on Hercules Magusanus Rome
  • 0235-09-28 Bishop of Rome Pontianus steps down

Historic Event

0306-10-28 Maxentius proclaimed Emperor of Rome

  • 0326-11-18 Old St. Peter's Basilica consecrated in Rome (stood 4th - 16th century), later replaced by current Basilica
  • 0350-06-03 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.
  • 0350-06-30 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome
  • 0357-04-28 Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
  • 0385-02-11 Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope
  • 0404-01-01 Last gladiator competition in Rome

Alaric I Sacks Rome

0410-08-24 Rome overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I for the first time in nearly 800 years, seen as the fall of the Western Roman Empire

  • 0455-06-02 King Gaiseric and the Vandals sack Rome - Rome looted for 14 days
  • 0536-12-09 Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire
  • 0537-03-11 Goths lay siege to Rome
  • 0538-03-12 Witiges, King of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome, retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of victorious Byzantine General Belisarius
  • 0546-12-17 Gothic War (535-554): The Ostrogoths of King Totila conquer Rome by bribing the Byzantine garrison.
  • 0550-01-16 Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison
  • 0609-05-13 Pope Boniface I turns the Pantheon in Rome into a Catholic church
  • 0799-11-29 Pope Leo III, aided by Charles the Great, returns to Rome

Historic Event

0800-11-23 Charlemagne arrives in Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III

  • 0801-12-28 Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona
  • 0875-12-25 Charles the Bald crowned emperor of Rome
  • 1054-03-12 Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome

Historic Event

1083-06-03 Henry IV of Germany storms Rome, capturing St Peter's Cathedral

  • 1105-11-24 Rabbi Nathan ben Yehiel of Rome completes Talmudic dictionary
  • 1111-02-12 King Henry V, King of Germany and Italy, arrives in Rome for his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor, but Pope Paschal II refuses to crown him until April owing to the Investiture Controversy
  • 1123-03-18 First Council of the Lateran (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome, agreements of the Concordat of Worms ratified
  • 1133-06-04 Rome-Innocentius II crowns Lotharius III Roman-German emperor
  • 1139-04-20 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1165-11-23 Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
  • 1179-03-05 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1215-11-11 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1267-07-26 Inquisition forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV
  • 1295-06-23 Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
  • 1341-04-08 Petrarch crowned a poet on the Capitoline Hill in Rome
  • 1347-05-20 Rienzo calls Rome for people's tribunal
  • 1347-11-20 Cola di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addresses a meeting of on the Capitol during people's revolt in Rome
  • 1377-01-17 Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon
  • 1413-06-07 King Ladislaw of Naples occupies Rome
  • 1452-03-19 Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Nicholas V in Rome

Historic Event

1472-06-24 Byzantine princess Sophia Palaiologina departs Rome with a large entourage for Moscow to marry Ivan III

Historic Event

1500-11-05 -6th Nov astronomer Copernicus observes a lunar eclipse in Rome

  • 1501-01-17 Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna

Historic Event

1512-05-03 Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateran at St. John Lateran Basilica in Rome

  • 1524-12-12 Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
  • 1527-05-06 Spanish and German Imperial troops sack Rome, ending the Renaissance
  • 1532-03-18 English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome
  • 1600-02-17 Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged with heresy by the Roman Inquisition
  • 1601-01-14 Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
  • 1601-01-17 France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
  • 1633-02-02 M Rossi's opera "Erminia sul Giordano" premieres in Rome

Historic Event

1633-02-13 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun

Historic Event

1633-02-22 St. Peter's Baldachin, the cathedral's sculptural centerpiece, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is inaugurated by Pope Urban VIII in Rome

  • 1651-06-12 The newly completed Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Fountain of the Four Rivers) by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is unveiled in Rome
  • 1680-12-04 Hen in Rome lays a uniquely patterned egg, later believed to have predicted the arrival of the Kirch/Newton "Great Comet of 1680"
  • 1732-09-02 Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome

Roman Empire

1764-10-15 Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

  • 1798-02-10 French army led by Louis Alexandre Berthier captures Rome
  • 1798-03-07 The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic

Music Premiere

1816-02-20 Gioachino Rossini's comic opera "Barber of Seville" premieres at the Teatro Argentina in Rome, Italy

  • 1817-01-25 Gioachino Rossini's opera "La Cenerentola" (Cinderella) premieres in Rome
  • 1819-10-23 1st ship sails through the Erie Canal from Rome, New York to Utica, New York
  • 1823-07-15 A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome
  • 1849-02-09 Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX

Historic Event

1849-07-02 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome

  • 1849-07-03 The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power; proves a major obstacle to Italian unification

Music Premiere

1853-01-19 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" premieres in Rome

  • 1860-01-29 American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • 1864-11-11 Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
  • 1867-10-27 Giuseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time
  • 1869-12-08 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • 1870-09-20 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States
  • 1870-10-02 Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
  • 1870-10-09 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1890-05-17 Pietro Mascagni's opera "Rustic Chivalry" premieres in Rome at the Teatro Costanzi
  • 1898-01-01 Gabriele D'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
  • 1898-11-22 Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
  • 1898-11-24 The International Conference of Rome for the Social Defense Against Anarchists opens.

Music Premiere

1900-01-14 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca" premieres in Rome

  • 1900-08-27 Gabriel Fauré's grand cantata "Prométhée" premieres at Arènes de Béziers, France; performance involved almost 800 singers and musicians (including two wind bands and 15 harps) and an audience of 10,000

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 187

  • 0236-06-20 BC Scipio Africanus, Roman statesman and general of the Second Punic War, born in Rome, Italia, Roman Republic (d. 183 BC)

Aurelia Cotta

0120-05-21 BC Aurelia Cotta, Mother of Julius Caesar, born in Rome (d. 54 BC)

Julius Caesar

0100-07-13 BC Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader, born in Rome (d. 44 BC), (or July 12)

Mark Antony

0083-01-14 BC Mark Antony [Marcus Antonius], Roman politician and general (Battle of Actium), born in Rome (d. 30 BC)

Augustus Caesar

0063-09-23 BC Augustus Caesar [Gaius Octavius], First Roman Emperor (27 BC-14 AD), born in Rome, Roman Republic (d. 14 AD)


0058-01-30 BC Livia Drusilla [Julia Augusta], Wife and adviser of Roman Emperor Augustus and mother of Emperor Tiberius, probably born in Rome (d. 29)


0042-11-16 BC Tiberius Claudius Nero, Roman emperor (14 AD-37 AD), born in Rome (d. 37 AD)

  • 0015-09-24 Aulus Vitellius, Roman Emperor for a few months in 69AD, born in Rome (d. 69)


0037-12-15 Nero, 5th Emperor of Rome (54-68), born in Antium, Italy (d. 68)


0039-12-30 Titus, 10th Roman Emperor (79-81) and conqueror of Jerusalem, born in Rome (d. 81)

  • 0064-09-08 Julia Flavia, daughter of Roman Emperor Titus and lover of Domitian, born in Rome (d. 91)

Antoninus Pius

0086-09-19 Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius], 15th Emperor of Rome (138-161 AD), born in Lanuvium, Italy (d. 161)

Marcus Aurelius

0121-04-26 Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome (161-180), born in Rome (d. 180)

  • 0189-03-07 Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor, born in Rome (d. 211)
  • 0347-01-11 Emperor Theodosius I "The Great" of Rome, last emperor to rule the east and west empire, born in Hispania (d. 395)
  • 1328-05-07 Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg, born in Rome (d. 1365)
  • 1475-09-13 Cesare Borgia, Duke of Valentinois, Italian aristocrat, born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1507)
  • 1541-04-08 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1593)
  • 1545-08-27 Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Italian diplomat, born in Rome (d. 1592)
  • 1550-09-17 Pope Paul V [Camillo Borghese], 233rd pope (1605-21) and persecutor of Galileo, born in Rome (d. 1621)
  • 1561-08-20 Jacopo Peri, Italian composer and singer who wrote the 1st recognized opera "Dafne", born in Rome (d. 1633)
  • 1574-03-07 John Wilbye, English madrigal composer, born in Brome, Suffolk (d. 1638)
  • 1574-05-06 Innocent X [Giambattista Pamfili], 236th Pope (1644-55), born in Rome (d. 1655)
  • 1577-02-06 Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for fratricide, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1599)
  • 1585-03-13 Federico Cesi, Italian naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, 1603, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1630)
  • 1586-04-11 Pietro Della Valle, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1652)
  • 1587-01-06 Gaspar de Guzman, Count of Olivares, Premier of Spain (1621-43), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1645)
  • 1590-07-13 Clement X [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), born in Rome (d. 1676)
  • 1593-07-08 Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian baroque painter, born in Rome (d. 1653)
  • 1605-04-18 Giacomo Carissimi, Italian organist, choral director, composer (Jephta), and priest, baptized in Marino, Rome (d. 1674)
  • 1605-04-19 Orazio Benevoli, Franco-Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1672)
  • 1607-11-28 Francesco Sforza Pallavicino, Italian theologist and historian (Istoria del Concilio di Trento), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1667)
  • 1611-05-04 Carlo Rainaldi, Italian architect and composer, born in Rome (d. 1691)
  • 1611-10-11 Hugues de Lionne, Marquess de Berry, French ambassador to Rome, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1671)
  • 1614-04-25 Marc'Antonio Pasqualini, Italian composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1691)
  • 1640-11-04 Carlo Mannelli, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1697)
  • 1645-09-10 Romeyn de Hooghe, Dutch painter and goldsmith, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1708)
  • 1678-07-06 Nicola Francesco Haym, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1729)
  • 1679-01-05 Pietro Filippo Scarlotti, Italian composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1750)
  • 1697-11-09 Claudio Casciolini, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1760)

Bonnie Prince Charlie

1720-12-31 Bonnie Prince Charlie [Charles Edward Stuart], English pretender to throne (Jacobite rebellion), born in Palazzo Muti, Rome, Papal States (d. 1788)

  • 1744-10-04 Domenico Corri, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1825)
  • 1752-01-23 Muzio Clementi, Italian composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1832)
  • 1757-06-08 Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1824)
  • 1762-04-14 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect and archaeologist, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1839)
  • 1764-09-11 Valentino Fioravanti, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1837)
  • 1768-12-22 John Crome (Old Crome), English landscape artist, born in Norwich, England (d. 1821)
  • 1778-01-05 Fortunato Santini, Italian priest & composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1861)
  • 1784-08-14 Francesco Capaccini, Italian cardinal and diplomat, born in Rome (d. 1845)
  • 1786-12-20 Pietro Raimondi, Italian composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1853)
  • 1791-05-29 Pietro Romani, Italian conductor and composer, born in Rome (d. 1877)
  • 1795-04-21 Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint (founder of the Society of the Catholic Apostolate), born in Rome (d. 1850)
  • 1795-06-13 Thomas Arnold, English educator and historian (History of Rome), born in West Cowes, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1842)
  • 1799-04-05 Vincenzo Fioravanti, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1877)
  • 1803-09-19 Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, born in Palazzo Colonna, Rome, Papal States (d. 1884)
  • 1805-07-26 Constantino Brumidi, Greek-Italian-American historical artist (Myrtle Murdock), born in Rome (d. 1880)
  • 1811-03-20 Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome
  • 1815-10-11 Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican representative of the people, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1881)
  • 1824-07-30 Eugenio Terziani, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1889)
  • 1825-12-20 Romeyn Beck Ayres, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Manheim, New York (d. 1888)
  • 1829-02-15 Silas Weir Mitchell, American physician (discovered causalgia, erythromelalgia) and author (Roland Blake, Hugh Wynne), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1914)
  • 1841-05-28 Giovanni Sgambati, Italian pianist and composer, born in Rome (d. 1914)
  • 1841-07-24 Raimundo Madrazo y Garreta, Spanish Realistic painter, born in Rome (d. 1920)
  • 1844-07-31 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist and archaeologist, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1935)

Edith Wharton

1862-01-24 Edith Wharton [-Jones], Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)

  • 1866-10-07 Martha McChesney Berry, American educator who founded Berry School for Children, born near Rome, Georgia (d. 1942)
  • 1871-05-05 Alberto Cametti, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1935)
  • 1874-05-01 Romaine Brooks [Beatrice Romaine Goddard], American painter, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1970)
  • 1875-11-06 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron, diplomat and senator, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1949)
  • 1878-09-17 Vincenzo Tommasini, Italian composer (Le donne de buon umore), born in Rome (d. 1950)
  • 1880-09-07 Attilio Brugnoli, Italian pianist and composer, born in Rome (d. 1937)
  • 1884-07-18 Alberto di Jorio, Italian Cardinal and former head of the Vatican Bank, born in Rome (d. 1979)
  • 1885-01-30 John Henry Towers, American naval aviator, born in Rome, Georgia (d. 1955)
  • 1885-06-28 Giuseppe Mulè, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1951)
  • 1885-09-14 Vittorio Gui, Italian conductor and composer (Batture d'aspetto), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1975)
  • 1888-04-11 Donald Calthrop, British actor (Blackmail, Scrooge, Rome Express), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1892-05-18 Ezio Pinza, Italian American operatic bass singer (South Pacific; RCA Victor Show), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1957)
  • 1893-08-21 (Marie-Juliette) "Lili" Boulanger, French composer (first female winner of the Prix de Rome composition prize), born in Paris (d. 1918)
  • 1896-09-06 Mario Praz, Italian literary critic and scholar (La carne, la morte, e il diavolo), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1896-09-25 Sandro Pertini, 7th President of Italy (1978-85), born in Rome (d. 1990)
  • 1896-11-22 Mario Labroca, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1973)
  • 1899-12-15 Frank Vosper, British actor (The Man Who Knew Too Much, Rome Express), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1900-04-14 Salvatore Baccaloni, Italian opera singer and actor (Merry Andrew, Rock-a-Bye Baby), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1969)

Enrico Fermi

1901-09-29 Enrico Fermi, Italian-American nuclear physicist, gone fission, fermium (Nobel Prize 1938), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1954)

  • 1905-05-09 Lilí Álvarez, Spanish tennis player (Wimbledon 1926-28 runner-up), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1998)

Roberto Rossellini

1906-05-08 Roberto Rossellini, Italian film director (General della Rovere, Open City), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1977)

  • 1906-11-24 Andreina Pagnani, Italian actress (Il Commandante), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1907-02-16 Fernando Previtali, Italian composer and conductor (Rome Radio Symphony), born in Adria, Veneto (d. 1985)
  • 1907-04-19 Gino Contilli, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1978)
  • 1907-06-12 Giorgio Nataletti, Italian composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1972)
  • 1907-08-31 Altiero Spinelli, Italian citizen and advocate of European federalism, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1986)
  • 1907-10-26 Giovanni Salviucci, Italian composer, born in Rome (d. 1937)
  • 1907-10-30 Renzo Cesana, Italian-American TV host (First Date, Continental), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1970)
  • 1907-11-13 Giovanna of Italy, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria, born in Rome (d. 2000)
  • 1907-11-28 Alberto Moravia [Pincherle], Italian author (Indifferent Ones), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1908-02-02 Renzo Rossellini, Italian composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1982)

Anna Magnani

1908-03-07 Anna Magnani, Italian actress (The Rose Tattoo; Miracle; Wild is the Wind), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1973)

  • 1908-05-27 Harold Rome, American composer (Fanny; Pins & Needles), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1993)

Famous Weddings

Enrico Fermi

1928-07-19 Physicist Enrico Fermi (26) weds writer Laura Capon in Rome, Italy

Emilio G. Segrè

1936-02-02 Physicist Emilio G. Segrè (31) weds jewish woman Elfriede Spiro at the Great Synagogue of Rome in Italy

  • 2003-09-25 Prince of Venice and Piedmont Emanuele Filiberto (31) weds French actress Clotilde Courau (34) at the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome
  • 2011-08-27 British heiress Petra Ecclestone (22) weds entrepreneur James Stunt at Orsini Odescalchi Castle near City of Rome

Famous Deaths

  • 0069-01-15 Galba [Servius Sulpicius Galba], 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), lynched by his successor Otho at 70
  • 0069-12-22 Aulus Vitellius, Roman Emperor for 8 months, executed by the troops of his successor Vespasian in Rome at 54
  • 0079-09-23 Pope Linus, second Bishop of Rome after St Peter


0081-09-13 Titus Flavius Vespasianus, emperor of Rome (69-81), dies of a fever at about 42


0098-01-27 Marius Cocceius Nerva, emperor of Rome (96-98), dies of a stroke at about 67

  • 0155-07-11 Pius I, bishop of Rome (approx 140-155) saint and martyr, dies

Antoninus Pius

0161-03-07 Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius], 15th Emperor of Rome (138-161 AD), dies at 74

Marcus Aurelius

0180-03-17 Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome (161-180AD), dies at 58

Murder of InterestCommodus

0192-12-31 Commodus, Emperor of Rome (180-192), murdered at 31

  • 0217-12-20 Pope Zephyrinus, Bishop of Rome (199-217)
  • 0218-06-08 Opellius Macrinus, emperor of Rome (217-8), dies in battle at 54
  • 0235-03-18 Marcus Aurelius Alexander, Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered
  • 0254-03-05 St Lucius I, Pope and Bishop of Rome (253-54), dies
  • 0257-08-02 St Stephen I, bishop of Rome (Pope) (254-57) and heretic fighter, dies
  • 0258-08-06 Saint Sixtus II, bishop of Rome (257-58), beheaded under orders of Emperor Valerian
  • 0276-07-16 Mark Annius Florianus, emperor of Rome (276), murdered
  • 0296-04-22 Pope Caius, Bishop of Rome (283-296), dies at 51
  • 0304-10-25 Marcellinus, bishop of Rome, dies
  • 0307-11-11 Severus II [Flavius Valerius Severus], Emperor of Rome (306-07), dies at an unknown age [approximate date]
  • 0311-05-05 Galerius, Emperor of Rome (305-311) ended persecution of Christianity in the East, dies of disease
  • 0313-04-30 Galerius Valerius Maximinus [Daia], Emperor of Rome (310-313), commits suicide after a military defeat
  • 0314-01-10 Pope St. Miltiades, Bishop of Rome (311-314)
  • 0336-10-07 Pope Saint Mark, bishop of Rome (336), dies of natural causes
  • 0364-02-17 Jovian (Flavius Jovianus), Christian emperor of Rome (363-64), dies at about 32
  • 0383-08-25 Gratian (Flavius Gratianus), Emperor of Rome (375-383), murdered at 25
  • 0392-05-15 Valentinianus II, emperor of Rome (375-392), murdered at 21
  • 0394-09-06 Eugenius, linguistic/anti emperor of Rome (392-94), dies in battle
  • 0395-01-17 Theodosius I, "the Great", Spanish-born Emperor of Rome, last emperor to rule the east and west empire, dies at 49
  • 0401-12-19 Anastasius I, Bishop of Rome (399-401), dies
  • 0422-09-04 St Boniface I, Italian Bishop of Rome, dies
  • 0455-05-31 Petronius Maximus, Roman senator, Emperor of Rome (455), lynched by an angry mob trying to escape Rome at 58 or 59
  • 0840-06-20 Louis de Vrome, emperor of French rich, dies
  • 0843-04-19 Judith, French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies
  • 1003-05-12 Gerbert, French scholar, dies in Rome
  • 1048-08-09 Pope Damasus II [Poppo] dies in Rome, after reigning for only 23 days
  • 1440-03-09 St Frances of Rome, Italian nun (b. 1384)
  • 1463-06-04 Flavio Biondi, Italian writer (Rome instaurata), dies at about 65
  • 1556-07-31 Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest, theologian and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit) religious order, dies in Rome at about 65
  • 1576-10-26 Frederick II the Vrome, ruler of Palts, dies
  • 1583-02-09 Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
  • 1666-06-30 Alexander Brome, English Royalist poet (wrote drinking songs against Rump Parliament), dies
  • 1671-09-01 Hugues de Lionne, Marquess de Berny, French ambassador to Rome, dies at 59
  • 1708-06-15 Romeyn de Hooghe, Dutch painter and goldsmith, buried at 62
  • 1821-04-22 John Crome [Old Crome], English landscape painter & etcher, dies at 52
  • 1842-06-12 Thomas Arnold, English educator and historian (History of Rome), dies at 46
  • 1874-07-11 Xavier de Mérode, Belgium minister to the Pope in Rome, dies at 54
  • 1914-01-04 Silas Weir Mitchell, American physician (discovered causalgia, erythromelalgia) and author (Roland Blake, Hugh Wynne), dies at 84
  • 1918-03-15 Lili [Marie-Juliette Olga] Boulanger, French composer (first female winner of the Prix de Rome composition prize), dies at 24
  • 1937-03-06 Frank Vosper, British actor (The Man Who Knew Too Much, Rome Express), dies at sea at 37
  • 1940-07-15 Donald Calthrop, British actor (Blackmail, Scrooge, Rome Express), dies from a heart attack at 52
  • 1953-07-16 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), dies at 82
  • 1963-05-31 Carel C. van Essen, Dutch archaeologist (Art of Ancient Rome), dies at 63
  • 1975-04-15 Richard Conte, American actor (The Godfather, Tony Rome, Hotel), dies from a heart attack at 65
  • 1979-03-20 Mino Pecorelli, Italian journalist, shot dead in Rome at 50
  • 1980-04-10 Kay Medford [Margaret Kathleen Regan], American actress (Dean Martin Show: To Rome With Love), dies of cancer at 60
  • 1984-03-14 Aurelio Peccei, Italian industrialist and chairman (Club of Rome), dies at 75
  • 1988-04-11 Jean "Jeff" Donnell, American actress (Gidget Goes to Rome, Hoedown, 9 Girls), dies at 66 of a heart attack
  • 1989-03-21 Milton Frome, actor (Family Jewels), dies
  • 1989-09-26 Pavlos Bakoyannis, Greek parliament leader, murdered in Rome
  • 1992-11-11 Giulio Carlo Argan, Italian art critic/mayor of Rome, dies at 83
  • 1992-11-14 Joop Van Nellen, Dutch soccer forward (27 caps; DHC Delft), dies at 82
  • 1993-10-26 Harold Rome, American musical theater composer (Fanny; Pins and Needles), dies at 85
  • 1994-08-15 Wout Wagtmans, cyclist (Rome-Naples-Rome 1957), dies at 64
  • 2004-03-21 Ludmilla Tchérina, French prima ballerina, artist, actress, choreographer and author (Sins of Rome), dies at 79
  • 2010-09-07 John Kluge, American television mogul (Metromedia) and at one time the richest person in the United States, dies at 95