Rome in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 228

Historic Event

1900-12-17 Pope Leo XIII closes the 'Holy Door' of St Peter's in Rome, ending the Jubilee Year of 1900

Nobel Prize

1902-12-12 German historian Theodor Mommsen is awarded the Nobel prize for Literature for "his historical writing with special reference to his monumental work, "A History of Rome"

  • 1906-11-18 Anarchists bomb St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

Historic Event

1907-01-06 Maria Montessori opens her 1st Montessori school, in Rome

  • 1917-04-12 Domenico Scarlatti & Jeab Cocteaus ballet premieres in Rome
  • 1922-02-21 Airship "Rome" explodes at Hampton Roads, Virginia; 34 die

Historic Event

1922-10-27 In Italy, Liberal Prime Minister Luigi Facta resigns after King Victor Emmanuel refuses request to declare martial law in the face of threats from Mussolini that 'either the Government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome'

Historic Event

1926-11-09 Italian Communist leader Antonio Gramsci is arrested in Rome

  • 1929-02-11 Vatican City, the world's smallest country, is made an enclave of Rome
  • 1934-03-17 Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)
  • 1934-06-10 FIFA World Cup Final, Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome, Italy: Angelo Schiavio scores the winner in extra time as Italy beats Czechoslovakia, 2-1
  • 1936-03-23 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome
  • 1939-05-07 Germany and Italy announce an alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis
  • 1939-11-17 The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection created
  • 1943-07-19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II
  • 1943-07-26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • 1943-09-09 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
  • 1943-09-10 German troops occupy Rome and take took over the protection of Vatican City
  • 1943-10-16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • 1943-10-16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • 1943-10-23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches extermination camp Birkenau
  • 1943-11-05 Vatican in Rome bombed by unknown source
  • 1944-03-23 Italian resistance group bombs occupying German police at Via Rasella, Rome; killing 33 and wounding 110 of the 156 man force; retaliation kills 335 civilians
  • 1944-03-24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute 335 civilians in retaliation for the previous day's Via Rassela bombing that killed 33 Germans
  • 1944-03-25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • 1944-06-03 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • 1944-06-04 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies
  • 1944-06-05 Allied forces march into Rome
  • 1946-01-12 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • 1947-04-02 Carlo Terron's "Il diamente del profeta" premieres in Rome
  • 1952-04-21 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)

Historic Event

1953-08-16 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome

  • 1955-06-15 The International Olympic Committee votes to award Rome the rights to host the 1960 Summer Olympic Games
  • 1957-03-25 Treaty of Rome establishes European Economic Community (Common Market)
  • 1960-08-25 XVII Summer Olympic Games open in Rome, Italy
  • 1960-08-27 Australian swimmer John Devitt controversially wins the 100m freestyle gold medal at the Rome Olympics; recorded same time 55.2 as silver medallist American Lance Larson
  • 1960-08-27 British swimmer Anita Lonsbrough sets 200m breaststroke world record 2:49.5 to beat German pair Wiltrud Urselmann & Barbara Göbel for the gold medal at the Rome Olympics
  • 1960-08-29 Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser wins blue ribband 100m freestyle gold medal at the Rome Olympics; retains title won in Melbourne 1956; will win unprecedented 3rd consecutive 100m gold in Tokyo 1964
  • 1960-08-29 Italy wins cycling team pursuit and Sante Gaiardoni takes the sprint gold medal at the Rome Olympics; Italy wins all 4 track events and road team time trial to thoroughly dominate sport
  • 1960-08-29 Swedish canoeists Gert Fredriksson and Sven-Olov Sjödelius win the K2-1,000m in 3:34.73 at the Rome Olympics; Fredriksson's 6th gold medal in 4 Olympic Games
  • 1960-08-30 US women's 4 x 100m medley relay team swims world record 4:41.1 to beat Australia and win the gold medal at the Rome Olympics; Lynn Burke, Patty Kempner, Carolyn Schuler & Chris von Saltza
  • 1960-08-31 US sweeps the medals in the shot put at the Rome Olympics; Bill Nieder wins gold with 19.68m, ahead of countrymen Parry O'Brien and Dallas Long
  • 1960-09-01 German sprinter Armin Hary wins the coveted 100m gold medal in 10.2 at the Rome Olympics; first non-American to win the event since 1928
  • 1960-09-01 US 4 x 100m medley relay team swims world record 4:05.4 to beat Australia and win the gold medal at the Rome Olympics; Frank McKinney, Paul Hait, Lance Larson & Jeff Farrell
  • 1960-09-01 US 4 x 200m freestyle relay team of George Harrison, Dick Blick, Mike Troy & Jeff Farrell swim world record 8:10.2 to beat Japan by 3.3 seconds and win gold medal at the Rome Olympics
  • 1960-09-02 American Mike Troy swims 200m butterfly world record 2:12.8 to win the gold medal from Australian Neville Hayes at the Rome Olympics
  • 1960-09-02 American sprinter Wilma Rudolph wins the coveted 100m gold medal at the Rome Olympics in 11.0; beats Britain's Dorothy Hyman by 0.3; 1st of 3 gold medals for Rudolph
  • 1960-09-02 New Zealand middle distance runner Peter Snell claims first of 3 career Olympic gold medals when he wins the 800m in Rome
  • 1960-09-02 Tamara & Irina Press (Soviet Union) become first sisters to win Olympic gold medals; Tamara wins Rome Olympics shot put one day after Irina takes out 80m hurdles
  • 1960-09-03 Livio Berruti of Italy runs a world record 20.5 to win the gold medal in the 200m at the Rome Olympics
  • 1960-09-03 US women's 4 x 100m freestyle relay team of Joan Spillane, Shirley Stobs, Carolyn Wood & Chris von Saltza swim world record 4:08.9 to beat Australia by 2.4 seconds and win gold medal at Rome Olympics

Olympic Gold

1960-09-05 Cassius Clay [Muhammad Ali] beats 3-time European champion Zbigniew Pietrzykowski of Poland by unanimous points decision to win Olympic light heavyweight boxing gold medal at the Rome Games

Olympic Gold

1960-09-05 Future world middleweight boxing champion Nino Benvenuti of Italy beats Yuri Radonyak of the Soviet Union to win welterweight gold medal at the Rome Olympics

  • 1960-09-06 American Otis Davis runs a world record 44.9 to win the gold medal in the 400m at the Rome Olympics; German Carl Kaufmann records same time but ruled second via photo finish
  • 1960-09-06 Australian middle distance runner Herb Elliott breaks his own world record in winning the 1,500m at the Rome Olympics in 3:35.6
  • 1960-09-06 In a famous victory American decathlete Rafer Johnson scores Olympic record 8,392 points to win the gold medal in Rome; beats rival & friend C.K. Yang of China by 58 points
  • 1960-09-07 American weightlifter Charles Vinci wins 2nd consecutive bantamweight gold medal at the Rome Olympics with world-record equalling 3-lift (snatch, clean & jerk, overhead press) total of 345.0 kilograms
  • 1960-09-07 Danish yachtsman Paul Elvstrøm wins the Finn class at the Rome Olympics; his 4th straight Olympic gold medal in the category
  • 1960-09-07 Future Constantine II, last King of Greece, wins Dragon class sailing gold medal at the Rome Olympics
  • 1960-09-07 Japan wins the men's gymnastics teams combined exercises gold for the first of 5 consecutive Olympics at the Rome Games; beats Soviet Union by just 2.5 points

Olympic Gold

1960-09-07 US sweeps the medals in the men's discus at the Rome Olympics; Al Oerter wins his 2nd of 4 career discus gold ahead of fellow Americans Rink Babka and Dick Cochran

  • 1960-09-08 American sprinter Wilma Rudolph wins her third gold medal of the Rome Olympics anchoring the US 4 x 100m relay team; earlier won 100/200m double
  • 1960-09-08 German 4 x 100m relay team equal world record 39.5 to win the gold medal at the Rome Olympics; Bernd Cullmann, Armin Hary, Walter Mahlendorf & Martin Lauer
  • 1960-09-08 US 4 x 400m relay team of Jack Yerman, Earl Young, Glenn Davis & Otis Davis run a world record 3:02.2 to win the gold medal at the Rome Olympics
  • 1960-09-09 Pakistan ends India's run of 6 consecutive Olympic field hockey gold medals with a 1-0 win over their sub-continent rivals at the Rome Games
  • 1960-09-10 Fencer Aladár Gerevich is part of the gold medal winning Hungarian sabre team at the Rome Olympics; Gerevich's 6th consecutive gold medal in the event

Olympic Gold

1960-09-10 Future Hall of Famer Jerry Lucas scores 23 points as the US wins its 5th straight men's basketball Olympic gold medal with a 90-63 drubbing of Brazil at the Rome Games

Historic Event

1963-07-01 US President JFK arrives in Rome

  • 1963-09-29 2nd session of Ecumenical council, `Vatican II,' opened in Rome by Pope Paul
  • 1964-08-06 Prometheus, the world's oldest tree aged at least 4,862 years old, is accidentally cut down in Nevada, USA
  • 1964-09-13 3rd sitting of 2nd Vatican council opens in Rome
  • 1967-09-29 -Oct 29] Rome: 1st bishop synod
  • 1968-03-15 Diocese of Rome announces that it "deplored the concept", but wouldn't prohibit rock & roll masses at Church of San Lessio Falconieri
  • 1968-06-10 UEFA European Championship Final, Stadio Olimpico, Rome, Italy: Italy beats Yugoslavia, 2-0 in a replay (first game, 1-1)
  • 1969-10-11 -28] Rome: 2nd bishop synod
  • 1970-02-28 WUTR TV channel 20 in Utica-Rome, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1970-11-07 Argentine boxer Carlos Monzon upsets defending champion Nino Benvenuti of Italy in 12th round KO in Rome to win WBC, WBA middleweight titles
  • 1971-09-30 -11/6] 3rd bishop synod held in Rome
  • 1972-03-01 Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"

Historic Event

1972-05-21 Michelangelo's Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal

  • 1972-11-30 Illegal fireworks factory explodes killing 15 in Rome, Italy
  • 1973-07-10 John Paul Getty III, grandson of oil tycoon J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome by Italian gangsters wanting a ransom
  • 1974-09-08 England's Ian Thompson wins European Championship marathon in 2:13:18.8 in Rome, Italy
  • 1974-09-27 -10/26] Rome: 4th bishop synod
  • 1977-05-25 21st European Cup: Liverpool beats Borussia Monchengladbach 3-1 at Rome
  • 1977-08-15 Herbert Kappler, head of Nazi police and security services (SS) in Rome during WWII, escapes from prison hospital in Rome
  • 1980-06-22 UEFA European Championship Final, Stadio Olimpico, Rome, Italy: Horst Hrubesch scores a double as Germany beats Belgium, 2-1
  • 1981-07-22 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in Rome, Italy
  • 1982-10-09 Attack on synagogue in Rome leaves 1 dead
  • 1983-12-11 1st visit to Lutheran church by a pope (John Paul II in Rome)
  • 1984-05-30 28th European Cup: Liverpool beats Roma (1-1, 4-2 on penalties) at Rome

Historic Event

1985-08-01 Russian KGB officer Vitaly Yurchenko defects to the US in Rome, naming Americans Ronald Pelton and Edward Lee Howard as KGB agents

Historic Event

1985-12-27 Terrorists kill 20 and wound 110 attacking El Al at Rome and Vienna airports. President Reagan blames Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.

  • 1986-03-11 1 million days since the foundation of Rome on April 21st, 753 BC
  • 1986-04-13 Pope John Paul II meets Rome's Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff at Rome synagogue
  • 1986-09-30 Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel covert nuclear program to British media, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy
  • 1987-07-22 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 5k record (12:58.39) in Rome

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 187 of 187

  • 1908-07-04 Aurelio Peccei, Italian industrialist and chairman (Club of Rome), born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1984)
  • 1910-03-24 Richard Conte, American actor (The Godfather, Tony Rome, Hotel), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1975)
  • 1912-03-04 Carl Marzani, Italian-born American leftwing political activist, publisher and documentarian, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1912-04-27 Renato Rascel [Ranucci], Italian actor (7 Hills of Rome, Secrets of Santa Vittoria), born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1912-08-18 Elsa Morante, Italian writer, born in Rome (d. 1985)
  • 1914-02-12 Arvid Pardo, Maltese diplomat, a.k.a "Father of the Law of the Sea Conference", born in Rome, Italy (d. 1999)
  • 1914-09-21 John Kluge, American television mogul (Metromedia) and at one time the richest person in the United States, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 2010)
  • 1916-11-10 Guido Turchi, Italian composer (Invettiva), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1919-01-14 Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician & statesman (Prime Minister, 1989–1992), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2013)
  • 1919-09-14 Kay Medford [Margaret Kathleen Regan], American actress (Dean Martin Show; To Rome With Love), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • 1919-11-01 John H. Secondari, American author and newscaster (Open Hearing), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1975)
  • 1920-06-15 Alberto Sordi, Italian actor (Miser, Taxi Driver in NY, Me and Caterina), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2003)
  • 1921-05-31 Alida Valli [Baroness Alida von Marckenstein-Frauenberg], Italian actress (The Paradine Case, The Third Man), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2006)
  • 1923-06-07 Giorgio Belladonna, Italian bridge player (16 x World C'ships; 10 x European C'ships, Italy open team-of-four), born in Rome (d. 1995)
  • 1925-09-25 Silvana Pampanini, Italian actress (Day in Court, Island Sinner), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2016)
  • 1926-03-01 Cesare Danova, Italian-American actor (Tentacles, Viva Las Vegas, Garrison's Gorillas), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1927-05-06 Ettore Manni, Italian actor (Street People, Divine Nymph, Fatal Desire, Heroes in Hell), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1979)
  • 1927-06-17 Lucio Fulci, Italian director "Godfather of Gore", born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • 1928-08-14 Lina Wertmüller [Arcangela Braueich], Italian screenwriter, film director, and 1st woman nominated for an Academy Award for Directing (Seven Beauties), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1928-11-10 Ennio Morricone, Italian trumpeter, and composer of classical music and film scores ("The Mission"; "Cinema Paradiso"; "The Hateful Eight"), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1929-01-03 Sergio Leone, Italian director who invented spaghetti westerns (The Man with No Name trilogy), born in Rome, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1989)
  • 1930-03-28 Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • 1930-04-21 Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1989)
  • 1930-09-19 Antonio Margheriti, Italian filmmaker (Yor, the Hunter from the Future), born in Rome (d. 2002)
  • 1930-09-28 Ugo Gregoretti, Italian actor (Rogopag, Common Sense of Modesty), born in Rome, Italy

Michael CollinsMichael Collins (1930-2021)

1930-10-31 American Major General USAF and astronaut (Gemini 10, Apollo 11), born in Rome, Italy [1] [2]

  • 1931-10-29 Franco Interlenghi, Italian actor (I Vitelloni, Ulysses, Sciuscià), born in Rome, Kingdom of Italy (d. 2015)
  • 1931-11-03 Monica Vitti [Ceciarelli], Italian actress (Tigers in Lipstick), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1932-05-04 Fausto Razzi, Italian composer, born in Rome
  • 1932-07-16 Milly Vitale, Italian actress (7 Little Foys, War & Peace, Juggler), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2006)
  • 1933-06-30 Lea Massari, Italian actress (Anna-L'avventura), born in Rome, Lazio, Italy

Sophia LorenSophia Loren (88 years old)

1934-09-20 Italian actress (La Ciociara; Desire Under the Elms; Black Orchid), born in Rome, Italy

  • 1937-06-11 Luciana Paluzzi, Italian-American actress (Five Fingers, Thunderball), born in Rome, Italy

Juan Carlos IJuan Carlos I (84 years old)

1938-01-05 King of Spain (1975-2014), born in Rome, Italy

  • 1938-08-28 Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television journalist, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1940-04-18 Ira von FFürstenberg, European socialite and actress (I Killed Rasputin), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1940-09-07 Dario Argento, Italian director (Creepers, Deep Red, Tenebrae), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1940-11-02 Gigi Proletti, Italian actor, director and singer (Alleluja brava gente), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1941-10-21 Marina Ripa, countess/writer (My First 40 Years), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1942-04-06 Anita Pallenberg, Italian model and actress credited as the muse of the Rolling Stones, born in Rome, Italy (d. 2017)
  • 1943-02-13 Friedrich Christian Delius, German writer, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1944-09-05 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)

Mario DraghiMario Draghi (75 years old)

1947-09-03 Italian banker, President of the European Central Bank, Prime Minister of Italy (2021-), born in Rome, Italy

  • 1948-03-09 Emma Bonino, Italian politician, Senator for Rome, born in Bra, Italy
  • 1949-07-27 David Muse, American rocker (Firefall - "You Are The Woman"), born in Rome, Georgia
  • 1950-07-09 Adriano Panatta, Italian tennis player (French 1976, Italian 1976), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1951-09-28 Silvia Dionisio, Italian actress (Riavanti Marsh!, Amici Miei), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1951-10-20 Claudio Ranieri, Italian football manager (Leicester City) and player, born in Rome
  • 1952-01-07 Giuliano Ferrara, Italian politician, journalist and founding editor (Il Foglio), born in Rome, Italy

Isabella RosselliniIsabella Rossellini (70 years old)

1952-06-18 Italian actress and model (Big Night, Blue Velvet), born in Rome, Italy

  • 1952-10-05 Gigi Sabani, Italian TV host, born in Rome (d. 2007)
  • 1952-12-20 Sergio Vastano, Italian actor (Nightclub, Prete Bello), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1953-10-21 Eleonora Giorgi, actress (Nu de Femme, To Forget Venice), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1954-08-18 Umberto Guidoni, Italian astrophysicist and writer (STS 75), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1954-11-22 Paolo Gentiloni, Italian politician, Prime Minister (2016-2018), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1955-02-12 Daniele Masala, Italian pentathlete (Olympics 1976), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1955-03-09 Ornella Muti, Italian actress (Flash Gordon; Most Beautiful Wife), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1955-03-13 Bruno Conti, Italian footballer and manager, born in Nettuno, Rome
  • 1957-05-11 Luca Urbani, MD/astronaut (STS 78-alt), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1957-09-20 Arn Anderson, American wrestler (ECW/SMW/WCW/NWA/WWF), born in Rome, Georgia
  • 1958-11-10 Massimo Morsello, Italian fascist political singer and songwriter, born in Rome, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1958-11-29 Pamela Prati, Italian actress and TV hostess, born in Ozieri, Italy
  • 1963-09-19 Alessandra Martines, Italian-French dancer and actress (Chance or Coincidence), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1964-08-20 Giuseppe Giannini, Italian soccer player (Rome A Team), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1965-10-02 Francesca Dellera [Cervellera], actress (Capriccio), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1966-06-04 Cecilia Bartoli, Italian mezzo-soprano, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1966-06-27 Giambattista Valli, Italian fashion designer, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1966-10-06 Archi Cianfrocco, infielder (San Diego Padres), born in Rome, New York
  • 1967-05-14 Valeria Marini, Italian sports commentator (Italian Soccer), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1968-11-05 Aitana Sánchez-Gijón, Spanish actress (A Walk in the Clouds), born in Rome, Lazio, Italy
  • 1968-12-07 Tom Myslinski, American NFL guard (Jacksonville Jaguars, Pittsburgh Steelers), born in Rome, New York
  • 1969-11-14 (Bradley) "Butch" Walker, American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter (SouthGang - "Tainted Angel"; The Marvelous 3), born in Rome, Georgia
  • 1970-08-22 Giada De Laurentiis, Italian-American chef and television host, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1971-06-26 Max Biaggi, Italian Grand Prix motorcycle racer, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1971-08-14 Raoul Bova, Italian actor, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1971-08-24 Pierfrancesco Favino, Italian actor, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1971-11-03 Diego Alessi, Italian auto racer (ADAC GT Masters 2013), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1971-11-20 Joel McHale, American actor and comedian (Community), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1972-11-25 Alessandro Michele, Italian fashion designer (Gucci), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1973-01-14 Giancarlo Fisichella, Italian race car driver, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1975-09-20 Asia Argento, Italian actress (Marie Antoinette), Weinstein accuser, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1976-04-13 Valentina Cervi, Italian actress, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1978-06-15 RoRo [Romell Chapman], American rapper (Another Bad Creation), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1981-06-11 Emiliano Moretti, Italian footballer, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1981-12-12 Ronnie Brown, American football player, born in Rome, Georgia
  • 1984-08-02 Chiara Mastalli, Italian actress, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1985-10-26 Andrea Bargnani, Italian basketball player (Toronto Raptors), born in Rome, Italy

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths