Venice in History

Historical Events

  • 0421-03-25 Friday at 12 PM - city of Venice founded
  • 1085-10-08 San Marcos ministry in Venice initiated
  • 1177-08-01 Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I and Pope Alexander III
  • 1203-07-17 Siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth Crusade; Roman Catholic Crusaders aboard a Venetian fleet attack the city
  • 1309-03-27 Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.
  • 1358-02-25 Dalmatie flees Venice
  • 1395-04-16 Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops
  • 1420-06-07 Troops of the Republic of Venice capture Udine, ending the independence of the Patriarchate of Aquileia
  • 1454-04-09 Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi
  • 1489-03-14 The last Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro is forced to abdicate by Venice
  • 1495-05-31 Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League
  • 1499-02-09 France & Venice sign treaty against Milan
  • 1499-08-12 First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets
  • 1499-08-25 Battle at Sapienza: Turkish fleet beats Venetians
  • 1508-12-10 League of the kingdom signed (covenant against Venice)
  • 1509-04-07 France declares war on Venice

Excommunication

1509-04-27 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

Victory in Battle

1509-05-14 Battle of Agnadello, French forces under Louis XII defeat the Venetians in Northern Italy

  • 1509-07-17 Venice recaptures nearby Italian city of Padua
  • 1510-02-24 Pope Julius II excommunicates the republic of Venice
  • 1512-02-16 Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen
  • 1513-10-07 Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
  • 1515-09-14 Battle at Marignano ends after two days in a French and Venetian victory over a Swiss army
  • 1516-04-10 1st Jewish ghetto established: Venice compels Jews to live in a specific area
  • 1522-04-27 Battle of Bicocca: a combined French and Venetian force is decisively defeated by a Spanish-Imperial and Papal army
  • 1526-05-22 Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • 1527-12-12 Composer Adrian Willaert moves from Milan to Venice
  • 1539-06-10 Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.
  • 1540-05-04 Venice and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1540-10-02 Venice and Turkey signs peace

Historic Event

1571-05-25 Pope Pius V forms The Holy League to fight the Ottomans with other Catholic maritime states including Spain, Venice, Naples and Sicily

Historic Event

1609-08-08 Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei's telescope

  • 1609-08-25 Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers
  • 1630-11-30 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague
  • 1649-01-05 Francesco Cavalli's opera "Giasone" premieres in Venice (the most popular opera of the 17th century)
  • 1654-05-13 Venetian fleet under Norwegian Admiral Cort Adeler beats Turkish fleet the near the Dardanelles, sinking 15 Turkish galleys
  • 1669-09-06 The siege of Candia, on Crete, ends with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans - second-longest siege in history (began 1648)

Historic Event

1678-06-25 Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Padua, 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD

  • 1682-02-09 Thomas Otway's "Venice Preserved" premieres in London
  • 1684-03-05 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz

Parthenon

1687-09-26 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon

  • 1687-09-28 Venetians take Athens from the Turks
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Karlowitz with Ottoman Empire, ending the Great Turkish War (1683-97) - 1st time Ottomans concede significant territory
  • 1718-07-21 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed

Treaty of Interest

1718-08-21 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Turkey and Venice sign peace treaty

  • 1750-10-05 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Teatro Comico" premieres in Venice

Historic Event

1755-07-26 Giacomo Casanova is arrested in Venice for affront to religion and common decency and imprisoned in the Doge's Palace

Victory in Battle

1797-05-12 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice

Music Premiere

1823-02-02 Gioachino Rossini's opera "Semiramide" premieres in Venice

  • 1824-03-07 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto" (The Crusader in Egypt) premieres at La Fenice in Venice with famous castrato Giovanni Battista Velluti singing
  • 1830-03-04 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "I Capuleti e i Montecchi" premieres at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice, Italy
  • 1841-08-21 John Hampton patents venetian blind

Music Premiere

1844-03-09 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Hernani" premieres in Venice

  • 1849-08-22 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice
  • 1849-08-28 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1851-03-11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice
  • 1853-03-06 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "La Traviata" premieres at Teatro La Fenice in Venice, Italy
  • 1857-03-12 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice
  • 1866-06-24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • 1902-07-14 The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta (reconstructed 1912)
  • 1903-08-04 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X

Sports History

1914-02-07 Charlie Chaplin debuts silent film character The Tramp in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"

  • 1926-05-18 Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanishes in Venice, California She shows up a month later saying she's been kidnapped
  • 1945-04-29 Venice and Mestre captured by the Allies

Music Premiere

1951-09-11 Igor Stravinsky's opera "The Rake's Progress", with libretto by W. H. Auden and Chester Kallman, premieres at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice, Italy

Cannes Film Festival

1952-05-10 5th Cannes Film Festival: "The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice" directed by Orson Welles and "Two Cents Worth of Hope" directed by Renato Castellani jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

Music Premiere

1954-09-14 Benjamin Britten's opera 'Turn of the Screw' premieres in Venice

  • 1956-09-13 Stravinsky's "Canticum Sacrum," premieres in Venice
  • 1958-09-23 Stravinsky's "Thieni" premieres in Venice
  • 1960-05-07 86th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Venetian Way wins in 2:02.4
  • 1978-08-26 Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice becomes Pope John Paul I
  • 1996-01-29 La Fenice, Venice's opera house, is destroyed by fire
  • 2018-09-08 75th Venice International Film Festival: a Netflix film wins the Golden Lion for the first time with "Roma"
  • 2018-10-29 Storms in Italy kill at least 11 with 75% of Venice flooded and two tornadoes striking Terracina
  • 2019-02-26 City of Venice in Italy introduces a day visitors tax
  • 2019-11-13 Venice hit by worse floods for 50 years, due to a very high tide with waves in St Mark's square, killing one resident

Famous Birthdays

Marco PoloMarco Polo (1254-1324)

1254-09-15 Italian explorer (Il Milione), born in Venice, Venetian Republic

  • 1381-07-01 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], Italian catholic bishop and 1st Patriarch of Venice, born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1456)
  • 1417-02-23 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1471)
  • 1436-11-16 Leonardo Loredan, Venetian nobleman, statesman and Doge of Venice (1501-21), born in Venice (d. 1521)
  • 1454-11-25 Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, born in Venice (d. 1510)
  • 1480-02-13 Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal, Treviso, Venice, Italy (d. 1542)
  • 1493-11-11 Bernardo Tasso, Italian courtier and poet, born in Bergamo, Venice (d. 1569)
  • 1508-11-30 Andrea Palladio [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], Italian architect (Il Redentore, Venice), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1580)
  • 1518-09-29 Tintoretto, Italian Mannerist painter and notable exponent of the Renaissance school, born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1594)
  • 1552-08-14 Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian and statesman, born in Venice (d. 1623)
  • 1561-03-29 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), born in Venice (d. 1636)
  • 1610-04-22 Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1691)
  • 1616-12-21 Pietro Andrea Ziani, Italian organist & composer, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1684)
  • 1619-08-06 Barbara Strozzi, Italian singer and composer, baptized in Venice (d. 1677)

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia (1646-1684)

1646-06-05 Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, born in Venice, Italy

  • 1650-08-16 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1718)
  • 1652-03-03 Thomas Otway, England, playwright/poet (Venice Preserved)
  • 1667-01-05 Antonio Lotti, Italian Baroque composer, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1740)
  • 1667-07-02 Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII, born in Venice (d. 1740)
  • 1671-06-08 Tomaso Albinoni, Italian composer (Adagio in G-minor), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1751)
  • 1673-02-01 Alessandro Marcello, Italian composer, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1747)
  • 1676-05-28 Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (Riccati equation), born in Venice, Venetian Republic (d. 1754)

Antonio VivaldiAntonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)

1678-03-04 Baroque violin virtuoso and composer (The Four Seasons), born in Venice, Venetian Republic (now Italy)

  • 1682-02-13 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian Rococo painter of religious subjects and genre scenes (Fortune Teller), born in Venice (d. 1754)
  • 1686-08-01 Benedetto Marcello, Italian author and composer (Lettera Famigliare), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1739)
  • 1692-04-08 Giuseppe Tartini, Venetian Baroque composer and violinist (Trillo del Diavolo), born in Piran, Venice (d. 1770)
  • 1693-03-07 Clement XIII [Carlo Rezzonico], Pope (1758-69), born in Venice (d. 1769)
  • 1696-03-05 Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Venetian Rococo painter (Isaac's Sacrifice)
  • 1697-10-18 Giovanni Canaletto, Italian painter (Regatta on the Grand Canal) and printmaker, born in Venice (d. 1768)
  • 1701-11-05 Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter, born in Venice (d. 1785)
  • 1707-02-25 Carlo Goldoni, Italian playwright and librettist (Belisario, Servant of Two Masters), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1793)
  • 1712-10-05 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, born in Venice (d. 1793)
  • 1712-12-11 Francesco Algarotti, Italian art collector and encyclopedist (Viaggio in Russia), born in Venice (d. 1764)
  • 1713-12-04 Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist, born in Venice (d. 1786)
  • 1714-03-27 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian, born in Venice (d. 1795)
  • 1720-12-13 Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatist, born in Venice (d. 1804)

Giacomo CasanovaGiacomo Casanova (1725-1798)

1725-04-02 Italian writer, adventurer and famous lover, born in Venice, Italy

  • 1725-05-14 Ludovico Manin, Venetian politician, last Doge of Venice (1789-97), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1802)
  • 1738-05-27 Bonaventura Furlanetto, Italian composer, born in Venice (d. 1817)
  • 1744-09-20 Giacomo Quarenghi, Italian-Russian master builder and architect (Hermitage Theater), born in Rota d'Imagna, Republic of Venice (d. 1817)
  • 1749-03-10 Lorenzo Da Ponte [Emanuele Conegliano], Italian-American librettist (Don Giovanni), poet, and libertine priest, born in Ceneda, Republic of Venice (now Vittorio Veneto, Italy) (d. 1838)

Antonio SalieriAntonio Salieri (1750-1825)

1750-08-18 Italian composer (Tarare), born in Legnago, Republic of Venice

  • 1757-11-01 Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, born in Possagno, Republic of Venice (d. 1822)
  • 1865-08-14 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, born in Venice (d. 1952)

Ermanno Wolf-FerrariErmanno Wolf-Ferrari (1876-1948)

1876-01-12 Italian light opera composer, born in Venice, Kingdom of Italy

  • 1879-06-13 Lois Weber, American film director who became the first woman to direct a full feature-length film (The Merchant of Venice) and the first to own her own studio, born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (d. 1939)
  • 1880-02-01 Antonio Guarnieri, Italian cellist and opera conductor (La Scala, 1929-50), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1952)
  • 1888-03-04 Rafaela Ottiano, Italian-born American actress (Grand Hotel, The Devil-Doll), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1942)
  • 1892-04-14 Giorgio Cesana, Italian coxswain (Olympic gold 1906), born in Venice (d. 1967)
  • 1898-08-08 Alexis Minotis [Alexandros Minotakis], Greek actor (The Merchant of Venice, King Lear), born in Chania, Crete, Greece (d. 1990)
  • 1903-06-26 Ashley Clarke, British diplomat to Italy and president (Venice in Peril Fund) (d. 1994)
  • 1904-04-23 Leslie French, British actor and singer (Death in Venice; More than a Miracle), born in Bromley, Kent, England (d. 1999)
  • 1905-11-15 Annunzio Mantovani, Italian orchestra leader (Mantovani), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1980)
  • 1906-11-02 Luchino Visconti, Italian director (The Leopard, Death in Venice), born in Milan (d. 1976)
  • 1910-06-22 Peter Pears, British operatic tenor (Death in Venice), born in Farnham, England (d. 1986)
  • 1911-04-13 Nino Sanzogno, Italian conductor (La Fenice) and composer, born in Venice (d. 1983)
  • 1911-12-01 Walter Alston, American Baseball Hall of Fame manager (World Series 1955, 59, 63, 65; Brooklyn/LA Dodgers), born in Venice, Ohio (d. 1984)
  • 1917-04-15 Pietro Grossi, Italian composer, and electronic music pioneer, born in Venice, Italy (d. 2002)
  • 1919-07-30 Berniece Baker Miracle, American writer (My Sister Marilyn) and half-sister of Marilyn Monroe, born in Venice, Los Angeles (d. 2014)
  • 1920-04-21 Bruno Maderna, Italian conductor, and avant garde composer (Quadrivium; Satyricon), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1973)
  • 1921-03-28 Dirk Bogarde [Derek van den Bogaerde] British writer and actor (Death in Venice, Servant), born in London, England (d. 1999)
  • 1924-01-29 Luigi Nono, Italian avant-garde composer (Canonic Variations), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1927-10-24 Renato de Grandis, Italian composer, born in Venice, Italy (d. 2008)
  • 1930-04-21 Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1989)
  • 1931-08-28 John Shirley-Quirk, British operatic bass-baritone (Death in Venice), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1936-06-18 Ronald Venetian, President of Suriname (1991-96, 2000-2010), born in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • 1938-04-30 Gary Collins, American actor (6th Sense, Home Show), born in Venice, California (d. 2012)
  • 1941-03-29 Terence Hill, Italian actor (Super Fuzz; They Call Me Trinity), born in Venice, Italy
  • 1942-04-17 Mario Brenta, Italian writer and director (Maicol, Barnabo of the Mountains), born in Venice, Italy
  • 1946-11-02 Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (Sunnyata; Lou Salomé), born in Venice, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1952-11-16 Piero Falchetta, Italian archivist (Biblioteca Marciana), born in Venice, Italy
  • 1953-10-21 Eleonora Giorgi, actress (Nu de Femme, To Forget Venice), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1955-06-25 Michael Sabatino, American actor (Days of Our Life, Bold & Beautiful), born in Venice, California
  • 1957-10-15 Stacy Peralta, American film director (Dogtown and Z-Boys), born in Venice, California
  • 1963-03-14 Cyco Mike [Mike Muir], American thrash metal vocalist (Suicidal Tendencies), born in Venice, California
  • 1973-04-03 Matthew Ferguson, Canadian actor (Geometry in Venice), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1977-01-19 Taliesin Jaffe, American actor (Willy-Hail to the Chief), born in Venice, California

Famous Weddings

  • 2003-09-25 Prince of Venice and Piedmont Emanuele Filiberto (31) weds French actress Clotilde Courau (34) at the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome
  • 2006-06-25 Emmy-winning "Medium" actress Patricia Arquette (38) weds actor Thomas Jane (37) at the Palazzo Contarini in Venice, Italy

George Clooney

2014-09-27 Actor George Clooney (53) weds lawyer Amal Alamuddin (36) at the seven-star Aman Canal Grande hotel in Venice, Italy

Ana Ivanović

2016-07-12 Serbian tennis player Ana Ivanović (28) weds German football player Bastian Schweinsteiger (31) in Venice, Italy


Famous Deaths

  • 0887-09-18 Pietro I Candiano, Doge of Venice (killed in battle)
  • 1094-10-08 St Mark, the Evangelist, buried in San Marcos ministry in Venice
  • 1205-06-21 Enrico Dandolo, Doge of Venice (b. 1107)
  • 1301-01-14 Andrew III, Venetian King of Hungary and Croatia (1290-1301), dies at 50 ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary

Marco PoloMarco Polo (1254-1324)

1324-01-08 Venetian explorer (The Travels of Marco Polo), dies at 69

  • 1456-01-08 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], Italian catholic bishop and 1st Patriarch of Venice, dies at 74
  • 1507-02-23 Gentile Bellini, Venetian painter (Sultan Mohammed II), dies at about 78 (burial date)
  • 1580-08-19 Andrea Palladio [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], Italian architect (Il Redentore, Venice), dies at 71
  • 1616-08-07 Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (Procurazie Nuove, Venice), dies
  • 1636-02-22 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), dies at 74
  • 1770-02-26 Giuseppe Tartini, Venetian Baroque composer and violinist (Trillo del Diavolo), dies at 77
  • 1785-05-08 Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter, dies at 83
  • 1939-11-13 Lois Weber, American film director who became the first American woman to direct a full feature-length film (The Merchant of Venice) and the first to own her own studio, dies of a stomach ulcer at 60
  • 1940-03-10 Louis de Vries, Dutch actor (Blokkade, Ghetto, Merchant of Venice), dies at 68
  • 1976-03-17 Luchino Visconti, Italian director (The Leopard, Death in Venice), dies at 69
  • 1986-04-03 Peter Pears, English tenor (Death in Venice), dies at 75
  • 1989-12-16 Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas), dies at 59
  • 1990-11-11 Alexis Minotis [Alexandros Minotakis], Greek actor (The Merchant of Venice; King Lear), dies at 90
  • 1999-01-21 Leslie French, British actor and singer (Death in Venice, More than a Miracle), dies at 94