Venice in History

Historical Events

  • 0421-03-25 Friday at 12 PM - city of Venice founded
  • 1085-10-08 San Marcos ministry in Venice initiated
  • 1177-08-01 Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I and Pope Alexander III
  • 1203-07-17 Siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth Crusade, Crusaders aboad a Venetian fleet attack the city
  • 1309-03-27 Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.
  • 1328-05-12 Antipope Nicholas V, a claimant to the papacy, is consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice
  • 1358-02-25 Dalmatie flees Venice
  • 1395-04-16 Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
  • 1420-06-07 Troops of the Republic of Venice capture Udine, ending the independence of the Patriarchate of Aquileia
  • 1454-04-09 Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi
  • 1489-03-14 The last Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro is forced to abdicate by Venice
  • 1495-05-31 Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League
  • 1499-02-09 France & Venice sign treaty against Milan
  • 1499-08-12 First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets
  • 1499-08-25 Battle at Sapienza: Turkish fleet beats Venetians
  • 1508-12-10 League of the kingdom signed (covenant against Venice)
  • 1509-04-07 France declares war on Venice


1509-04-27 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1509-05-14 Battle of Agnadello, French beat Venetians in Northern Italy
  • 1509-07-17 Venice recaptures Padua
  • 1510-02-24 Pope Julius II excommunicates the republic of Venice
  • 1512-02-16 Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen
  • 1513-10-07 Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
  • 1515-09-14 Battle at Marignano ends in French/Venetian victory
  • 1516-04-10 1st Jewish ghetto established: Venice compels Jews to live in a specific area
  • 1522-04-27 Battle of Bicocca: a combined French and Venetian force is decisively defeated by a Spanish-Imperial and Papal army
  • 1526-05-22 Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • 1527-12-12 Composer Adrian Willaert moves from Milan to Venice
  • 1539-06-10 Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.
  • 1540-05-04 Venice and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1540-10-02 Venice and Turkey signs peace
  • 1571-05-20 Venice, Spain & Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
  • 1573-03-07 Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1609-08-08 Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei's telescope

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1609-08-25 Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers
  • 1630-11-30 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague
  • 1649-01-05 Francesco Cavalli's opera "Giasone" premieres in Venice
  • 1654-05-13 Venetian fleet under Adm Adeler beats Turkish
  • 1669-09-06 The siege of Candia ends with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1678-06-25 Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy, the 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • 1682-02-09 Thomas Otway's "Venice Preserved" premieres in London
  • 1684-03-05 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1687-09-26 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon
  • 1687-09-28 Venetians take Athens from the Turks
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1718-07-21 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed
  • 1718-08-21 Emperor Karel VI, Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1750-10-05 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Teatro Comico" premieres in Venice

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755-07-26 Giacomo Casanova is arrested in Venice for affront to religion and common decency and imprisoned in the Doge's Palace

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1755-09-12 Giacomo Casanova is sentenced to 5 years imprisonment in Venice without trial for affront to religion and common decency
  • 1756-10-31 Giacomo Casanova escapes from prison in Venice by climbing onto the roof

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1797-05-12 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1823-02-02 Rossini's opera "Semiramide" premieres in Venice
  • 1824-03-07 Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto" premieres in Venice
  • 1830-03-04 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "I Capuleti e i Montecchi" premieres in Venice
  • 1841-08-21 John Hampton patents venetian blind

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1844-03-09 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Hernani" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • 1849-08-22 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice
  • 1849-08-28 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1851-03-11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice
  • 1853-03-06 Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice
  • 1857-03-12 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice
  • 1866-06-24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • 1902-07-14 The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta
  • 1903-08-04 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-02-07 Charlie Chaplin debuts silent film "The Tramp" in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
  • 1926-05-18 Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanishes in Venice, California She shows up a month later saying she's been kidnapped
  • 1945-04-29 Venice & Mestre captured by the Allies
  • 1951-09-11 Stravinsky's opera "Rake's Progress," premieres in Venice

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-05-10 5th Cannes Film Festival: "The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice" directed by Orson Welles and "Two Cents Worth of Hope" directed by Renato Castellani jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

Actor and Director Orson Welles
Actor and Director
Orson Welles

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestMarco Polo

1254-09-15 Marco Polo, Italian explorer (Il Milione), born in Venice, Venetian Republic (d. 1324)

Explorer Marco Polo
Marco Polo
  • 1381-07-01 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], Italian catholic bishop and 1st Patriarch of Venice, born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1456)
  • 1417-02-23 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1471)
  • 1436-11-16 Leonardo Loredan, Doge of the Republic of Venice (d. 1521)
  • 1518-09-29 Tintoretto, Italian Mannerist painter and notable exponent of the Renaissance school, born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1594)

Person of interestElena Cornaro Piscopia

1646-06-05 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1684)

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • 1650-08-16 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1718)
  • 1652-03-03 Thomas Otway, England, playwright/poet (Venice Preserved)
  • 1673-02-01 Alessandro Marcello, Italian composer, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1747)

Person of interestAntonio Vivaldi

1678-03-04 Antonio Vivaldi, Baroque violin virtuoso and composer (The Four Seasons), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1741)

Violin Virtuoso & Composer Antonio Vivaldi
Violin Virtuoso & Composer
Antonio Vivaldi
  • 1682-02-13 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian Rococo painter of religious subjects and genre scenes (Fortune Teller), born in Venice (d. 1754)
  • 1686-08-01 Benedetto Marcello, Italian author/composer (Lettera Famigliare), born in Venice, Italy
  • 1696-03-05 Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Venetian Rococo painter (Isaac's Sacrifice)
  • 1697-10-18 Giovanni Canaletto, Italian painter (Regatta on the Grand Canal) and printmaker, born in Venice (d. 1768)
  • 1701-11-05 Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter (d. 1785)

Person of interestGiacomo Casanova

1725-04-02 Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer, adventurer and famous lover, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1798)

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1725-05-14 Ludovico Manin, last Doge of Venice (d. 1802)
  • 1744-09-20 Giacomo Quarenghi, Italian-Russian master builder and architect (Hermitage Theater), born in Rota d'Imagna, Republic of Venice (d. 1817)

Person of interestAntonio Salieri

1750-08-18 Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (Tarare), born in Legnago, Republic of Venice (d. 1825)

Composer Antonio Salieri
Antonio Salieri
  • 1757-11-01 Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, born in Possagno, Republic of Venice (d. 1822)
  • 1865-08-14 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, born in Venice (d. 1952)
  • 1876-01-12 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, composer, born in Venice, Italy
  • 1888-03-04 Rafaela Ottiano, Italian-born American actress (Grand Hotel, The Devil-Doll), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1942)
  • 1903-06-26 Ashley Clarke, president (Venice in Peril Fund)
  • 1905-11-15 Annunzio Mantovani, orchestra leader (Mantovani), born in Venice, Italy
  • 1906-11-02 Luchino Visconti, Italian director (The Leopard, Death in Venice), born in Milan (d. 1976)
  • 1910-06-22 Peter Pears, Farnham England, tenor (Death in Venice)
  • 1911-04-13 Nino Sanzogno, Italian composer, born in Venice (d. 1983)
  • 1920-04-21 Bruno Maderna, conductor/composer, Hyperion) [or Mar 21], born in Venice, Italy
  • 1921-03-28 Dirk Bogarde [Derek van den Bogaerde] British writer and actor (Death in Venice, Servant), born in London, England (d. 1999)
  • 1924-01-29 Luigi Nono, composer (Canonic Variations), born in Venice, Italy
  • 1930-04-21 Silvana Mangano, actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1931-08-28 John Shirley-Quirk, baritone (Death in Venice), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1936-06-18 R Ronald Venetian, [Vene], president Suriname (1991- )
  • 1938-04-30 Gary Collins, actor (6th Sense, Home Show), born in Venice, California (d. 2012)
  • 1941-03-29 Terence Hill, Italian actor (Super Fuzz, They Call Me Trinity), born in Venice, Italy
  • 1946-11-02 Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (Sunnyata), born in Venice, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1953-10-21 Eleonora Giorgi, actress (Nu de Femme, To Forget Venice), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1961-12-17 Venice Kong, St Mary Jamaica, playmate (September, 1985)
  • 1963-03-14 Mike Muir [Cyco Miko], American thrash metal musician (Suicidal Tendencies), born in Venice, California
  • 1977-01-19 Taliesin Jaffe, actor (Willy-Hail to the Chief), born in Venice, California

Famous Weddings

  • 2003-09-25 Prince of Venice and Piedmont Emanuele Filiberto (31) weds French actress Clotilde Courau (34) at the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome
  • 2006-06-25 Emmy-winning "Medium" actress Patricia Arquette (38) weds actor Thomas Jane (37) at the Palazzo Contarini in Venice, Italy

HeartWedding of Interest

2014-09-27 Actor George Clooney (53) weds lawyer Amal Alamuddin (36) at the seven-star Aman Canal Grande hotel in Venice, Italy

  • 2016-07-12 German footballer Bastian Schweinsteiger (31) marries Spanish tennis player Ana Ivanovic (27) in Venice, Italy
  • 2016-07-12 Tennis player Ana Ivanovic (28) weds midfielder football player Bastian Schweinsteiger (31) in Venice, Italy

Famous Deaths

  • 0887-09-18 Pietro I Candiano, Doge of Venice (killed in battle)
  • 1094-10-08 St Mark, the Evangelist, buried in San Marcos ministry in Venice
  • 1205-06-21 Enrico Dandolo, Doge of Venice (b. 1107)

Person of interestMarco Polo

1324-01-08 Marco Polo, Venetian explorer, dies at 69

Explorer Marco Polo
Marco Polo
  • 1456-01-08 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], Italian catholic bishop and 1st Patriarch of Venice, dies at 74
  • 1507-02-23 Gentile Bellini, Venetian painter (Sultan Mohammed II), dies at about 78 (burial date)
  • 1580-08-19 Andrea Palladio, architect/writer (Il Redentore, Venice), dies at 71
  • 1616-08-07 Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (Procurazie Nuove, Venice), dies
  • 1940-03-10 Louis de Vries, Dutch actor (Blokkade, Ghetto, Merchant of Venice), dies at 68
  • 1976-03-17 Luchino Visconti, Italian director (The Leopard, Death in Venice), dies at 69
  • 1986-04-03 Peter Pears, English tenor (Death in Venice), dies at 75
  • 1989-12-16 Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (Death in Venice), dies at 59