Italian History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 613

  • 1866-11-04 Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
  • 1870-09-20 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States
  • 1870-10-02 Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
  • 1870-10-09 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1878-01-09 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • 1878-11-17 First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy
  • 1880-02-29 Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
  • 1882-05-20 Gotthard rail tunnel between Switzerland & Italy opens
  • 1883-05-15 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1883-07-28 Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroy 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
  • 1884-12-19 Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1887-01-26 Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1887-02-05 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Otello" premieres at La Scala in Italy, Verdi's first new opera for over 15 years

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • 1887-02-23 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • 1887-12-10 Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty
  • 1888-05-04 Italy & Spain sign military covenant

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1889-05-02 Abyssinian Emperor Menelik II and Italy sign Treaty of Wichale

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II
  • 1890-01-01 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • 1890-11-23 General elections in Italy.
  • 1894-06-24 Marie François Sadi Carnot is assassinated in Lyon by Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio
  • 1894-10-30 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread).
  • 1895-03-25 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1895-09-26 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • 1895-10-11 Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia rejects a treaty with Italy
  • 1895-12-07 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • 1895-12-08 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri out
  • 1896-02-25 Italian government decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
  • 1896-03-01 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia, killing two generals and capturing General Matteo Albertone
  • 1896-03-05 Italian premier Francesco Crispi resigns
  • 1896-03-05 Italian governor of Eritrea, General Baldissera, reaches Massawa
  • 1896-10-26 Abyssinia & Italy sign peace treaty
  • 1898-05-08 The first games of the Italian Football League are played
  • 1900-05-19 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) linking Italy and Switzerland opens
  • 1900-06-18 General Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
  • 1900-07-29 In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci
  • 1900-08-29 Gaetano Bresci, the assassin of King Umberto I of Italy, is tried and sentenced to life imprisonment; he will commit suicide in jail on 22 May 1901

  • 1900-12-14 France and Italy sign a secret agreement by which Italy recognizes France's right to exploit Morocco in return for France's conceding her the same right in Tripoli
  • 1901-11-26 Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa
  • 1902-06-28 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • 1902-11-01 France and Italy sign an Entente under which Italy agrees to remain neutral if France is attacked; this is France's attempt to neutralize the Triple Entente
  • 1902-11-15 Leopold II, King of Belgium almost assassinated by Italian anarchist
  • 1903-11-03 Giovanni Giolitti becomes Prime Minister of Italy; a progressive liberal, he will hold his post through most of the next decade and introduce social, agrarian and labor reforms
  • 1904-02-22 The Hague Tribunal gives its decision in claims against Venezuela; it sets the sum to be paid by Venezuela and gives preferential treatment to the three powers that initiated the block - Britain, Germany, and Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904-04-24 President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • 1904-09-21 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904-10-17 Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors in San Francisco, founded by Amadeo Giannini

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1905-03-12 The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906-05-10 Italian King Victor Emmanuel & Swiss President Ludwig Forrer open Simplon tunnel
  • 1906-07-04 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • 1906-12-31 French, British and Italian treaty concerning rights on Abyssinia
  • 1907-08-01 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) opens 1st branch at 3433 Mission Street, San Francisco
  • 1908-08-17 Bank of Italy (now Bank of America) opens new HQ at Clay & Montgomery, San Francisco
  • 1908-12-28 Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy, killing nearly 80,000
  • 1909-02-02 Italian writer Marinetti publishes Futurist Manifest in Paris
  • 1909-03-02 Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands

  • 1909-05-13 First Giro d'Italia takes place in Milan - Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna is the winner
  • 1909-10-24 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans
  • 1910-10-02 1st 2 aircraft collision (Milan Italy)

Declaration of WarItalo-Turkish War

1911-09-29 Italy declares war on Turkey, starting the Italo-Turkish War

Learn More
Italian airships bomb Turkish positions. The Italo-Turkish War was the first conflict to feature aerial bombardment.
Italian airships bomb Turkish positions. The Italo-Turkish War was the first conflict to feature aerial bombardment.
Learn More
  • 1911-10-05 Italian troops occupy Tripoli
  • 1911-11-05 Italy attacks Turkish North-Africa (Libya), takes Tripoli & Cyrenaica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911-11-19 NY receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1912-03-05 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • 1912-03-14 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt
  • 1912-04-18 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • 1912-05-04 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
  • 1912-10-18 The Treaty of Lausanne ends the Italo-Turkish War; Italy annexes Libya
  • 1912-10-19 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
  • 1912-12-05 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • 1914-11-15 Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il Populo d'Italia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-11-24 Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1914-12-05 The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • 1915-01-13 Earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800
  • 1915-04-26 Italy secretly signs the "Treaty of London" with Britain, France and Russia, bringing Italy into World War I on the Allied side
  • 1915-05-04 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany

  • 1915-05-23 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
  • 1915-06-23 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • 1915-07-17 Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • 1915-08-21 Italy declares war on Turkey in World War One
  • 1915-10-18 3rd Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • 1915-10-19 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1915-11-08 An Austrian-Hungarian submarine torpedoes and sinks the Italian liner 'Ancona' without warning, killing over 200 people
  • 1916-04-19 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • 1916-05-15 Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • 1916-08-02 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • 1916-08-28 Italy declares war against Germany
  • 1916-12-13 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
  • 1917-01-08 Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
  • 1917-08-17 Italy declares war on Turkey
  • 1917-10-24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • 1917-12-05 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • 1918-11-01 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
  • 1919-02-23 Fascist Party formed in Italy by Benito Mussolini
  • 1919-03-23 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-05-01 "L'Ordine Nuovo" Italian socialist weekly newspaper established in Turin by Antonio Gramsci, Angelo Tasca and Palmiro Togliatti

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1919-06-23 Nitti government forms in Italy
  • 1919-09-02 Italy agrees to general voting rights and proportional representation
  • 1919-09-12 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy
  • 1920-06-05 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell in San Francisco (later Bank of America)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 1,394

  • 1519-04-13 Catherine de' Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons, born in Florence (d. 1589)
  • 1519-05-27 Girolamo Mei, Italian historian and editor of Greek texts, born in Florence (d. 1594)
  • 1519-06-06 Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician and botanist, born in Arezzo, Italy (d. 1603)
  • 1521-08-19 Lodovico Guicciardini, Italian historian (Descrittione di Tutti), born in Florence (d. 1589)
  • 1522-02-02 Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (d. 1565)
  • 1522-09-11 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist and naturalist, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1605)
  • 1527-11-18 Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter and sculptor, born in Moneglia, Republic of Genoa (d. 1585)
  • 1529-09-01 Taddeo Zuccari, Italian painter
  • 1530-09-30 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1532-03-25 Pietro Pontio, Italian composer (Ragionamento di Musica), born in Parma (d. 1596)
  • 1534-02-05 Giovanni de' Bardi, Italian writer (d. 1612)
  • 1535-05-31 Alessandro Allori, Italian painter and carpet designer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1607)
  • 1535-06-02 Leo XI [Alessandro O de' Medici], Italian Pope (1605)
  • 1536-02-24 Clement VIII [Ippolito Aldofireini], Fano Italy, Pope (1592-1605)
  • 1537-05-20 Hieronymus Fabricius Ab, Aquapend Italy, physician (De Formato Foetu)
  • 1538-04-26 Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter and poet (Trattato), born in Milan (d. 1600)
  • 1538-10-02 Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and Archbishop of Milan (1564-84), born in Arona, Milan, Italy (d. 1584)
  • 1538-10-31 Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian, born in Sora, Italy (d. 1607)
  • 1538-12-10 Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian writer (Faithfull Shepherd), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1612)
  • 1539-12-05 Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian and founder of Socinianism, born in Siena, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1604)
  • 1540-12-31 Silvio Antoniano, Italian cardinal/theologist (Tre libri)
  • 1541-04-08 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1593)
  • 1542-02-22 Santino Garsi da Parma, Italian composer (d. 1604)
  • 1542-10-04 Roberto Bellarmino, Italian saint (Doctor of the Church), born in Montepulciano, Italy (d. 1621)
  • 1543-09-14 Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit priest (5th Superior General of the Society of Jesus), born in Atri, Italy (d. 1615)
  • 1544-03-11 Torquato Tasso, Italian Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia), born in Sorrento, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1595)
  • 1545-01-17 Antonio Pace, Italian composer (d. 1581)
  • 1548-09-02 Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)
  • 1550-05-25 Camillus de Lellis, Italian Roman Catholic saint (founder of the Ministers of the Sick), born in Bucchianico, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1614)
  • 1550-12-22 Cesare Cremonini, Italian professor of natural philosophy, born in Cento, Papal States (d. 1631)
  • 1551-01-14 Alberico Gentili, Italian lawyer & jurist, born in Province of Macerata, Italy (d. 1608)
  • 1552-04-15 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1626)
  • 1552-06-18 Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet, born in Savona, Italy (d. 1637)
  • 1552-08-24 Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1614)
  • 1552-10-06 Matteo Ricci, Italian Jesuit missionary (China), born in Macerata, Italy (d. 1610)
  • 1553-06-05 Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician and writer, born in Urbino, Marche, Italy (d. 1617)
  • 1553-11-23 Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
  • 1554-05-20 Paolo Bellasio, Italian composer, born in Verona (d. 1594)
  • 1555-04-21 Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1619)
  • 1557-08-16 Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (Communion of St. Jerome), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1602)
  • 1559-07-22 Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
  • 1559-09-12 Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, Italian painter and architect, born in Tuscany, Italy (d. 1613)
  • 1560-03-08 Don Carlo Gesualdo, Italian Prince of Venosa and composer, born in Venosa, Italy (d. 1613)
  • 1560-11-03 Annibale Carracci, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1609)
  • 1561-03-29 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), born in Venice (d. 1636)
  • 1561-08-20 Jacopo Peri, Italian composer and singer who wrote the 1st recognized opera "Dafne", born in Rome (d. 1633)
  • 1561-11-21 Charles Scribani, IFlemish jesuit and author, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1629)
  • 1563-10-13 Francesco Caracciolo, Italian priest and saint (Caracciolini), born in Villa Santa Maria, Abruzzo, Italy (d. 1608)

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

1564-02-15 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1565-09-28 Alessandro Tassoni, Italian political writer (Rape of Bucket), born in Modena, Italy (d. 1635)
  • 1566-01-14 Angelo Notari, Italian composer, born in Padua, Italy (d. 1663)
  • 1568-03-09 Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian aristocrat and saint, born in Duchy of Mantua, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1591)
  • 1568-09-05 Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher, and poet, born in Stignano, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1639)
  • 1569-10-18 Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (d. 1625)
  • 1571-09-29 Caravaggio [Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio], Italian painter, (Saint Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy), born in Milan [d. 1610] [date disputed]
  • 1574-09-18 Claudio Achillini, Italian lawyer and poet, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1640)
  • 1574-10-21 Nicolò Rubini, Italian composer and cornettist, born in Crevalcore (d. 1625)
  • 1575-11-04 Guido Reni, Italian Baroque painter, born in Bologna, Papal States (d. 1642)
  • 1576-10-30 Enrico Caterino Davila, Italian writer (Storia delguerre civili Francia), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1631)
  • 1577-02-06 Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for fratricide, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1599)
  • 1577-06-02 Giovanni Righi, Italian composer and friar, born in Fabriano (d. 1539)
  • 1577-09-16 Pietro Tacca, Italian sculptor and architect (Aanbidding of the Point), born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1640)
  • 1577-10-17 Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (Judith)
  • 1578-02-09 Giambattista Andreini, Italian playwright and actor (L'adamo), born in Florence (d. 1654)
  • 1578-03-17 Francesco Albana, Italian painter (Mary's Ascension)
  • 1578-08-17 Francesco Albani, Italian painter (d. 1660)
  • 1581-02-17 Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic Cardinal. private secretary to Pope Urban, born in Usigni (d. 1653)
  • 1581-10-21 Domenico Zampieri, Italian painter (d. 1641)
  • 1582-05-01 Marco da Gagliano, Italian opera composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1643)
  • 1582-12-23 Severo Bonini, Italian composer and monk, born in Florence (d. 1663)
  • 1585-03-13 Federico Cesi, Italian naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, 1603, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1630)
  • 1585-09-10 Ercole Porta, Italian church composer, born in Bologna (d. 1630)
  • 1586-12-06 Niccolò Zucchi, Italian astronomer, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1670)
  • 1587-02-26 Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)
  • 1587-09-18 Francesca Caccini, Italian composer and singer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1641)
  • 1590-07-13 Clement X [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), born in Rome (d. 1676)
  • 1591-06-16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (d. 1655)
  • 1593-07-08 Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian baroque painter, born in Rome (d. 1653)
  • 1593-08-23 Fulvio Testi, Italian poet (Pianto d'Italia), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1646)
  • 1595-07-31 Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1654)
  • 1596-12-03 Nicolo Amati, Italian violin maker (Stradivari & Guarneri), born in Cremona, Italy (d. 1684)
  • 1598-04-17 Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (Almagestum Novum), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1671)
  • 1599-02-13 Alexander VII [Fabio Chigi], Italian Pope (1655-67), born in Siena, Florence, Italy (d. 1667)
  • 1599-09-25 Francesco Borromini, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Bissone, Italy (d. 1667)
  • 1599-11-11 Ottavio Piccolomini, Italian nobleman and marshal, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1656)
  • 1600-01-28 Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi], Italian Pope (238th: 1667-69), born in Pistoia, Italy (d. 1669)
  • 1600-09-05 Loreto Vittori, Italian composer and mezzo-soprano singer, born in Spoleto (d. 1670) baptismal date
  • 1602-02-14 Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian opera composer, born in Crema, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1676)
  • 1603-06-17 Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint, born in Copertino, Apulia, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1663)
  • 1607-11-28 Francesco Sforza Pallavicino, Italian theologist and historian (Istoria del Concilio di Trento), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1667)
  • 1608-01-28 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, mathematician and astronomer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1679)
  • 1608-09-01 Giacomo Torelli, Italian stage designer and engineer, born in Fano, Italy
  • 1608-10-15 Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (inventor of barometer), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1647)
  • 1609-08-29 Sassoferrato [Giovanni B Salvi], Italian painter (Madonna), born in Sassoferrato, Marche, Italy (d. 1685)
  • 1610-04-22 Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1691)
  • 1610-05-18 Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker, born in Florence (d. 1664)
  • 1610-12-09 Baldassare Ferri, Italian castrato singer, born in Perugia, Italy (d. 1680)
  • 1611-05-04 Carlo Rainaldi, Italian architect and composer, born in Rome (d. 1691)
  • 1611-05-16 Innocent XI [Benedetto Odescalchi], Italian, 240th Pope (1676-89), born in Como (d. 1689)
  • 1611-11-01 François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander, born in Piedmont, Italy (d. 1656)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 1,060

  • 1321-09-14 Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and author (Dante's Inferno, Divina Commedia), dies at 56
  • 1324-02-26 Dino Compagni, Italian silk seller, poet and chronicler, dies
  • 1331-01-14 Odoric, Italian Franciscan friar and explorer (b. 1286)
  • 1333-10-16 Nicolaas V [Pietro Rainalducci], Italian anti-Pope (1328-30), dies at about 73
  • 1336-01-08 Giotto di Bondone, Italian Proto-Renaissance painter (Scrovegni Chapel), dies at about 71
  • 1337-06-15 Angelus Clarenus/da Cingoli, Italian leader, dies
  • 1341-06-19 Juliana van Falconieri, Italian saint/Swedish tenor, dies
  • 1342-11-29 Michael of Cesena, Italian Franciscan leader (b. 1270)
  • 1348-07-07 John Andreae, Italian canonist, dies
  • 1357-07-13 Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
  • 1362-07-22 Louis of Durazzo, Italian soldier (b. 1324)
  • 1374-01-06 Andreas Corsini, Italian saint/bishop of Fiesole, dies
  • 1374-07-18 Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet (Italia Mia), dies at 69
  • 1374-07-19 Francesco Petrarca [Petracco], Italian mountaineer/poet, dies at 69
  • 1375-12-21 Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian poet (Vita di Dante), dies at 62
  • 1380-04-29 Catherine of Siena, Italian Dominican saint and Doctor of the Church (The Dialogue of Divine Providence), dies at 33
  • 1389-10-15 Urban VI [Bartolomeo Prignano], Italian pope (1378-89), dies
  • 1397-09-02 Francesco Landini, Italian composer
  • 1399-10-05 Raymundus of Capua, Italian general, dies
  • 1406-11-06 Innocent VII [Cosma de' Migliorati], Italian Pope (1404-06), dies
  • 1416-04-23 Blaise/Blasius of Parma, Italian astrologist, philosopher and algebra scholar, dies
  • 1417-09-26 Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (b. 1360)
  • 1419-12-22 Antipope Pope John XXIII [Baldassare Cossa], Italian Pope (1410-15) who opposed Pope Gregory XII and is considered an antipope by the Catholic Church, dies at 81
  • 1438-10-20 Jacopo di Piero della Quercia, Italian sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1439-10-21 Ambrose Traversari, Italian theologian and monk, dies at 53
  • 1440-03-09 St Frances of Rome, Italian nun (b. 1384)
  • 1443-05-09 Niccolo d'Albergati, Italian cardinal, dies at 70
  • 1444-05-20 Bernardino of Siena, Italian priest and Franciscan missionary, dies at 63
  • 1447-02-23 Eugene IV [Gabriele Condulmer], Italian Pope (1431-47), dies
  • 1455-02-18 Fra Angelico, Italian monk and early Renaissance painter (San Marco friary) , dies at about 59
  • 1455-03-24 Nicholas V [Tommaso Parentucelli], Italian Pope (1447-55), dies at 57
  • 1455-12-01 Lorenzo Ghiberti, Italian sculptor, dies at 77
  • 1456-01-08 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], Italian catholic bishop and 1st Patriarch of Venice, dies at 74
  • 1456-10-23 Saint John of Capistrano, Franciscan friar and Catholic priest from the Italian town of Capestrano, Abruzzo, dies at 70
  • 1457-05-22 Saint Rita of Cascia, Italian saint (b. 1381)
  • 1457-08-01 Laurentius Valla, Italian philosopher (Voluptate), dies at about 50
  • 1458-06-29 Mapheus Vegius [Maffeo Vegio], Italian lawyer/humanist/poet, dies
  • 1459-05-02 Pierozzi Antoninus, Italian archbishop of Florence/saint, dies
  • 1463-06-04 Flavio Biondi, Italian writer (Rome instaurata), dies at about 65
  • 1464-08-15 Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini], Italian Pope (1458-64), dies at 58
  • 1466-03-08 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiero and Duke of Milan (1401–1466), dies at 64
  • 1471-07-26 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), dies at 54
  • 1472-04-15 Leon B. Alberti, Italian humanist & architect (Philodoxis), dies at 68
  • 1480-06-06 Vecchietta, Italian artist and architect
  • 1480-07-06 Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer and organist, dies at 64
  • 1481-09-21 Bartholomeus Platinum, Italian humanist/pontifical librarian, dies
  • 1482-02-10 Luca della Robbia, Italian sculptor (majolica reliefs), dies at 81
  • 1482-05-15 Paolo Toscanelli, Italian physician & mapmaker, dies
  • 1482-09-10 Federico da Montefeltro, Italian Renaissance condottiero and arts patron
  • 1488-07-18 Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
  • 1492-07-25 Innocent VII [Giovanni B Cibo], Italian Pope (1484-92), dies
  • 1492-10-12 Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
  • 1494-01-11 Domenico Ghirlandaio, Italian artist (b. 1449)
  • 1494-09-24 Poliziano, Italian humanist (b. 1454)
  • 1494-10-22 Gian Galeazzo, Italian duke of Milan (1476-94), dies
  • 1494-11-08 Melozzo da Forli, Italian painter, dies at about 56
  • 1494-11-17 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1494-12-20 Matteo Maria Boiardo, Italian poet
  • 1496-07-08 Benedetto Bonfiglio, Italian painter, dies
  • 1496-09-25 Piero Capponi, Italian soldier and statesman (b. 1447)
  • 1497-07-22 Francesco Botticini, Italian painter, dies at about 52
  • 1498-07-27 Vespasiano da' Bisticci, Italian book seller/writer, dies at about 77
  • 1499-10-01 Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)
  • 1503-05-20 Lorenzo de Medici, Italian patron (b. 1463)
  • 1503-11-23 Bona of Savoy, Italian noblewoman (b. 1449)
  • 1504-04-18 Filippino Lippi, Italian renaissance painter, dies at ~52
  • 1506-09-13 Andrea Mantegna, Italian painter
  • 1507-04-02 Francis of Paola, Italian founder of the Order of the Minims (b. 1416)

Person of interestLudovico Sforza

1508-05-27 Ludovico Sforza [il Moro], Italian duke of Milan, dies at 55

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1509-05-20 Catharina Sforza, Italian duchess of Forli, dies at 45
  • 1510-05-25 Georges d'Amboise, French Roman Catholic cardinal, minister of state and viceroy in North Italy, dies at 49
  • 1510-10-25 Il Giorgione [Giorgio del Castelfranco], Italian painter, dies at 32

Person of interestAmerigo Vespucci

1512-02-22 Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America), dies at 60

  • 1512-08-02 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher, dies at 48

Person of interestJulius II

1513-02-21 Julius II, Italian Pope (1503-13) and patron of Michelangelo, Bramante and Raphael, dies at 69

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1514-03-11 Donato Bramante, Italian architect (b. 1444)
  • 1515-02-06 Aldus Manutius, Italian printer
  • 1515-11-05 Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter, dies at 41
  • 1517-10-31 Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist, dies at 45
  • 1518-08-26 Giberto X, Italian mister of Correggio/husband of Veronica Gambara

Person of interestRaphael

1520-04-06 Raphael [Sanzio], Italian artist (Sistine Madonna, School of Athens), dies on his 37th birthday

Painter and Architect Raphael
Painter and Architect

Person of interestLeo X

1521-12-01 Leo X [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), dies at 45

Pope Leo X
Leo X
  • 1522-08-27 Giovanni A Amadei/Amadeo, Italian sculptor/architect, dies at about 75
  • 1525-04-03 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api), dies at 49
  • 1527-08-03 Scaramuccia Trivulzio, Italian cardinal
  • 1528-07-30 Jacopo d'antonio Negreti Palma, Italian painter, dies at about 48
  • 1529-02-02 Baldassare Castiglione, Italian diplomat and author, dies at 50
  • 1530-04-24 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (De partu Virginis), dies at 74
  • 1530-09-29 Andrea del Sato [d'Agnolo di Franceszo], Italian painter, dies at 44
  • 1531-01-22 Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter, dies at 44
  • 1532-12-11 Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1455)
  • 1533-07-06 Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (Orlando Furioso), dies at 57
  • 1534-03-05 Antonio da Correggio, Italian painter (b. 1489)
  • 1534-08-09 Cardinal Cajetan, Italian theologian (b. 1470)
  • 1534-09-25 Pope Clement VII [Giulio de' Medici], Italian Pope (1523-34), dies at 56
  • 1535-03-01 Bernardo Accolti [Unico Aretino], Italian writer (Virginia), dies at 70
  • 1535-11-01 Francesco Sforza, Italian ruler (Milan), dies
  • 1536-01-06 Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter, dies at 54
  • 1537-01-07 Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence, Italian ruler of Florence (1532-37), assassinated by his friend and cousin at 26
  • 1537-01-12 Lorenzo di Credi, Italian painter, dies