Italian History (Part 8)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 701 - 800 of 1,388

  • 1907-12-10 Amedeo Nazzari [Buffa], Italian actor (Nights of Cabiria; Chains; Caravaggio), born in Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1979)
  • 1908-01-05 George Dolenz [Jure Dolenc], Italian actor (Scared Stiff, Count of Monte Cristo), born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1963)

Paul Henreid

1908-01-10 Paul Henreid, Austrian-American actor (Casablanca, Now, Voyager), born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1992)

  • 1908-02-02 Renzo Rossellini, Italian composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1908-02-06 Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician (Prime Minister), born in Pieve Santo Stefano, Italy (d. 1999)

Anna Magnani

1908-03-07 Anna Magnani, Italian actress (The Rose Tattoo; Miracle; Wild is the Wind), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1973)

  • 1908-05-01 Giovannino Guareschi, Italian writer (Don Camillo, Peppone), born in Roccabianca, Emilia, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1968)
  • 1908-07-04 Aurelio Peccei, Italian industrialist and chairman (Club of Rome), born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1984)
  • 1908-09-09 Cesare Pavese, Italian writer (La belle estate)
  • 1908-11-26 Charles Forte, Italian-British hotel magnate (Savoy), born in Mortale, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1909-01-09 Herva Nelli, Italian-born American soprano, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1909-04-22 Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist (Nobel 1986), born in Turin, Italy (d. 2012)
  • 1909-04-22 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (History of the Greeks), born in Fucecchio, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1909-07-22 Licia Albanese, Italian-American operatic soprano (NY Metropolitan Opera, 1940-66), born in Torre Pelosa (now Bari), Italy (d. 2014)
  • 1909-07-22 Dorino Serafini, Italian racing driver (d. 2000)
  • 1909-10-18 Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and legal theorist (d. 2004)
  • 1909-11-08 Alberto Erede, Italian conductor, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1910-02-21 Carmine Galante, Italian-born gangster (d. 1979)
  • 1910-03-25 Mario Peragallo, Italian composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1996)
  • 1910-03-25 Magda Olivero, Italian soprano (Adriana Lecouvreur; La Voix Humaine), born in Saluzzo, Italy (d. 2014)
  • 1910-08-23 Giuseppe Meazza, Italian footballer, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1979)
  • 1911-03-03 Francesco Siciliani, Italian opera impresario (La Scala; San Carlo; Le Fenice), and composer (Fragments From the Canticle of Canticles), born in Perugia, Italy (d. 1996)
  • 1911-04-13 Nino Sanzogno, Italian conductor (La Fenice) and composer, born in Venice (d. 1983)
  • 1911-07-02 Diego Fabbri, Italian playwright and leader (Vatican movie bureau), born in Forli, Italy (d. 1980)
  • 1911-07-07 Gian-Carlo Menotti, Italian pianist, librettist, and composer (Amahl & Night Visitors), and two-time Pulitzer Prize winner, born in Cadegliano, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1911-11-18 Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer, born in San Lazzaro Parmense, Italy (d. 2000)
  • 1911-12-03 Nino Rota [Giovanni Rota Rinaldi], Italian classical and film score composer (Il cappello di paglia di Firenze; The Godfather (I & II; 16 Fellini films), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1979)
  • 1911-12-26 Renato Guttuso, Italian painter (Flight From Etna; Crucifixion), theater set designer, and politician, born in Bagheria, Sicily, Italy (d. 1987)
  • 1912-02-28 Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1945)
  • 1912-03-04 Afro [Basaldella], Italian painter
  • 1912-04-16 Catherine Scorsese [Cappa], Italian-American actress (The King of Comedy, Goodfellas, Cape Fear), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1912-04-29 Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor, born in Milan (d. 1995)
  • 1912-08-13 Salvador Luria, Italian-American microbiologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 1969 genetic structure of viruses), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1912-08-18 Elsa Morante, Italian writer, born in Rome (d. 1985)
  • 1912-09-29 Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian director (Blowup, Red Desert), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1912-10-17 John Paul I [Albino Luciano], 263rd Roman Catholic pope (1978), born in Canale d'Agordo, Belluno, Veneto region of Northern Italy
  • 1912-12-11 Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (Marriage Italian Style, Doctor Zhivago), born in Magenta, Lombardy (d. 2007)
  • 1913-07-22 Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader and musician, born in Rivarolo, Mantovano, Italy (d. 1995)
  • 1913-07-27 Vittorio Sereni, Italian poet (Diario d'Algeria), born in Luino, Italy (d. 1983)
  • 1913-08-22 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist, born in Marina di Pisa, Italy (d. 1993)
  • 1913-10-19 Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (Le ragazze di San Frediano)
  • 1913-10-24 Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone, born in Bassano del Grappa (d. 1984)
  • 1914-03-04 Gino Colaussi (Luigi Colaussi), Italian footballer (d. 1991)
  • 1914-05-18 Boris Christoff, Bulgaria Italian bass opera singer (Boris Godunov), born in Plovdiv,, Bulgaria (1993)
  • 1914-06-27 Giorgio Almirante, Italian fascist (member of parliament (1948-87)), born in Salsomaggiore Terme, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1988)
  • 1914-07-18 Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (Tour de France 1938, 48; Giro d'Italia 1936-7, 46), born in Ponte a Ema, Florence, Italy (d. 2000)
  • 1914-08-16 Tullio Pandolfini, Italian water polo (Olympic gold 1948), born in Florence (d. 1999)
  • 1914-09-14 Pietro Germi, Italian actor, writer and director (Divorce Italian Style, The Facts of Murder), born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1974)
  • 1914-11-20 Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1954), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1914-12-27 Giuseppe Berto, Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red)
  • 1915-03-10 Harry Bertoia, Italian-born American artist and furniture designer (d. 1978)
  • 1915-03-12 Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
  • 1915-06-16 Mariano Rumor, Italian statesman (Prime Minister of Italy 1968-70, 1973-4, born in Vicenza, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1915-07-27 Mario del Monaco, Italian opera singer (Verdi/Puccini), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1915-12-18 Dario Mangiarotti, Italian fencer (1 Olympic gold, 2 silver 1948, 52), born in Milan, Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1916-02-17 Raf Vallone, Italian actor (El Cid, 2 Women, Greek Tycoon), born in Tropea, Italy (d. 2002)
  • 1916-03-04 Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (Botteghe Oscure)
  • 1916-04-28 Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian auto-designer (Lamborghini), born in Cento, Ferrara (d. 1993)
  • 1916-05-14 Marco Zanuso, Italian architect
  • 1916-05-20 Trebisonda Valla, Italian athlete (d. 2006)
  • 1916-06-08 Luigi Comencini, Italian film director (L'imperatore di Capri), born in Salò, Lombardy, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1916-07-14 Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)
  • 1916-09-18 Rossano Brazzi, Italian actor (Final Justice, South Pacific, The Barefoot Contessa), born in Bolognia, Italy (d. 1994)

Aldo Moro

1916-09-23 Aldo Moro, Italian Prime Minister (1963-68 and 1974-76), born in Maglie, Italy (d. 1978)

  • 1916-10-21 Andrea Checchi, Italian actor (The Lady Without Camelias, Two Anonymous Letters), born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1974)
  • 1916-11-10 Guido Turchi, Italian composer (Invettiva), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1916-12-23 Dino Risi, Italian film director and screenwriter (Scent of a Woman), born in Milan, Italy (d. 2008)
  • 1917-03-23 Patricia Burke, actress (Forbidden), born in Milan, Italy
  • 1917-04-02 Lou Monte {Scaglione], Italian-American novelty song singer-songwriter (Peppino the Italian Mouse; Dominick the Donkey), born in Manhattan, NYC (d. 1989)
  • 1917-06-16 Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; d. 1989)
  • 1917-09-10 Franfo Fortini [Franco Lattes], Italian poet, born in Florence (d. 1994)
  • 1918-01-07 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)
  • 1918-02-04 Luigi Pareyson, Italian philosopher (d. 1991)
  • 1918-05-18 Massimo Girotti, Italian actor (Last Tango in Paris, In the Name of the Law), born in Mogliano, Marche, Italy (d. 2003)
  • 1918-09-09 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Italian President (1992-99), born in Novara, Italy (d. 2012)
  • 1918-12-23 Jose Greco, Italian-American flamenco dancer (Holiday for Lovers), born in Montorio nei Frentani, Italy (d. 2000)
  • 1919-01-05 Severino Gazzelloni, Italian flautist, born in Roccasecca, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1919-01-14 Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician & statesman (Prime Minister, 1989–1992), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2013)
  • 1919-03-03 Enzo Stuarti [Scapone], Italian-American pop tenor ("That's A'Nice!"), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2005)
  • 1919-04-07 Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer (6x Olympic gold, 1936-1960), (d. 2012)
  • 1919-05-19 Mitja Ribičič, Trieste, Italian Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1969-71), (d. 2013)
  • 1919-05-25 Gino Negri, Italian composer, born in Perledo (d. 1991)
  • 1919-06-21 Paolo Soleri, Italian-American architect, born in Turin, Italy (d. 2013)
  • 1919-07-14 Angiolino "Lino" Ventura, Italian actor (Happy New Year, Pain in the A--), born in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1987)
  • 1919-07-31 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1987)
  • 1919-08-08 Dino De Laurentiis, producer (King Kong), born in Torre Annunziata, Italy
  • 1919-09-08 Gianni Brera, Italian sports journalist and writer, born in San Zenone al Po, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1919-09-15 Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist (Giro d'Italia 1940, 47, 49, 52-53; Tour de France 1949, 52; World Championship gold Individual pursuit 1947, road race 1953), born in Castellania, Italy (d. 1960)
  • 1919-11-01 John H. Secondari, American author and newscaster (Open Hearing), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1975)
  • 1919-12-29 Roman Vlad, Romanian-born Italian composer, born in Cernauti, Romania (d. 2013)
  • 1920-01-01 Virgilio Savona, Italian jazz singer and composer (Quartetto Cetra - "Un bacio a mezzanotte"; "Crapa pelada"), born in Palermo, Italy (d. 2009)
  • 1920-01-03 Renato Carosone, Italian canzone napoletana singer, pianist, songwriter ("Tu vuò fà l'americano" - "You Want to Be American"), and accordionist, born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1920-01-05 Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist, born in Brescia, Italy (d. 1995)
  • 1920-01-07 Vincent Gardenia, Italian-American actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Moonstruck, Little Shop of Horrors), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)

Federico Fellini

1920-01-20 Federico Fellini, Italian film director & scriptwriter (8 1/2, La Dolce Vita), born in Rimini, Italy (d. 1993)

  • 1920-04-11 Emilio Colombo, Italian Prime Minister (1970-72), born in Potenza, Basilicata (d. 2013)
  • 1920-04-13 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1920-04-21 Bruno Maderna, Italian conductor, and avant garde composer (Quadrivium; Satyricon), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1973)
  • 1920-04-27 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, born in Novara, Italy (d. 1956)
  • 1920-05-18 Lucia Mannucci, Italian jazz singer (Quartetto Cetra, 1947-88), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 2012)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 701 - 800 of 1,057

  • 1944-02-07 Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano (b. 1874)
  • 1944-12-02 Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67

Benito Mussolini

1945-04-28 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

  • 1945-04-28 Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist, dies at 52
  • 1945-08-02 Pietro Mascagni, Italian opera composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81

George S. Patton

1945-12-21 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", dies of congestive heart failure at 60

  • 1947-03-05 Alfredo Casella, Italian pianist, composer and conductor (La Giara), dies at 63
  • 1947-08-21 Ettore Bugatti, Italian-French automobile designer and manufacturer (Automobiles E. Bugatti), dies at 65
  • 1948-01-29 Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)
  • 1949-01-15 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron, diplomat and senator, dies at 63
  • 1949-01-18 Charles Ponzi [Carlo], Italian con-man (Ponzi scheme in the US), dies at 66
  • 1950-02-13 Rafael Sabatini, Italian-British writer (The Sea Hawk), dies at 74
  • 1950-07-05 Salvatore Giuliano, Sicilian bandit, shot by police
  • 1950-08-19 Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist and electrical engineer (Giorgi system of measurement), dies at 78
  • 1950-08-27 Cesare Pavese, Italian writer (Fuoco Grande), dies at 41
  • 1950-11-20 Francesco Cilea, Italian composer (Adriana Lecouvreur), dies at 84
  • 1951-04-20 Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)
  • 1952-01-11 Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor, dies at 66
  • 1952-04-27 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, dies at 86
  • 1952-05-06 Alberto Savinio [Andrea Francesco Alberto de Chirico], Italian composer (Capitano Ulisse), dies at 60

Maria Montessori

1952-05-06 Maria Montessori, Italian physician/educationist, dies at 81

  • 1952-06-20 Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (b. 1898)
  • 1952-11-20 Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher (La Critica), dies at 86
  • 1952-12-01 Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Prime Minister of Italy (1917-19) who represented Italy at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, dies at 92
  • 1952-12-26 Pietro Pancrazi, Italian critic (Pegaso), dies at 59
  • 1953-01-02 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, dies at 71
  • 1954-07-10 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian Mafia boss, dies at 76
  • 1954-08-11 Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-American mobster, dies at 68
  • 1954-08-19 Alcide de Gasperi, 30th Prime Minister of Italy (1945-53), dies at 73
  • 1954-10-27 Franco Alfano, Italian opera composer (Puccini's Turandot), dies at 78

Enrico Fermi

1954-11-28 Enrico Fermi, Italian-American nuclear physicist (Nobel 1938), dies of stomach cancer at 53

  • 1955-01-11 Rodolfo Graziani, Italian Marshal, fascist and Viceroy of Italian East Africa, dies at 72
  • 1955-04-01 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
  • 1956-03-31 Ralph DePalma, Italian-American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1915; American AAA National Dirt Track C'ship 1908-11), dies of cancer at 73
  • 1956-04-02 Philippo de Pisis, Italian painter, dies at 59
  • 1956-06-11 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Poesie grigio-verdi), dies at 61
  • 1956-07-08 Giovanni Papini, Italian author/poet (Un Uomo Finito), dies at 75
  • 1956-11-01 Pietro Badoglio, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44) and Italian General (1922-43), dies at 85
  • 1956-11-24 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, dies in a plane crash at Orly Airport, Paris at 36
  • 1957-01-16 Arturo Toscanini, Italian cellist and conductor (La Scala, 1898-1908 & 1921-29; Metropolitan Opera, 1908-15; New York Philharmonic, 1926-36; NBC Symphony Orchestra, 1937-41 & 1944-54), dies after a stroke in NYC at 89
  • 1957-05-09 Ezio Pinza, Italian American operatic bass singer (South Pacific, NY Met Opera), dies at 64
  • 1957-07-19 Curzio Malaparte [Kurt E Suckert], Italian author (Kaputt), dies at 59
  • 1957-08-26 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, dies at 74
  • 1957-09-28 Albert Ascoli, Italian developed anti-tuberculosis vaccine, dies
  • 1957-11-30 Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor (b. 1890)
  • 1958-03-01 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope), dies at 86
  • 1959-05-08 Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician and pianist, takes his own life at 55
  • 1960-01-02 Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist (Giro d'Italia 1940, 47, 49, 52-53; Tour de France 1949, 52; World Championship gold Individual pursuit 1947, road race 1953), dies from malaria at 40
  • 1960-01-13 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), dies at 83
  • 1960-02-03 Ferdinando "Fred" Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor, dies in an automobile accident at 38
  • 1960-02-27 Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer and manufacturer (typewriter), dies at 58
  • 1961-06-15 Giulio Cabianca, Italian racing driver (b. 1923)
  • 1961-08-02 Giovanni Battista Angioletti, Italian author (Il giorno del giudizio), dies at 64
  • 1961-08-14 Guido Alberto Fano, Italian composer and pianist, dies at 86
  • 1961-10-30 Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president Italy, dies
  • 1962-10-27 Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate (Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi), dies at 58
  • 1963-02-07 Learco Guerra, Italian road racing cyclist, dies at 60
  • 1963-02-08 George Dolenz [Jure Dolenc], Italian actor (Scared Stiff, Count of Monte Cristo), dies from a heart attack at 55
  • 1963-07-25 Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (discovered the method of electroconvulsive therapy), dies at 85
  • 1963-11-26 Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian-American operatic soprano (Cave of the Winds), dies at 81

Palmiro Togliatti

1964-08-21 Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician and General Secretary of the Communist Party of Italy (1926-34, 1938-64), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 71

  • 1965-03-03 Carlo Gatti, Italian musicologist (Verdi), dies at 88
  • 1965-03-13 Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
  • 1965-03-13 Vittorio Jano, Italian automobile designer, dies at 73
  • 1965-04-02 Renzo Bossi, Italian composer, and educator (Milan Conservatory), dies at 81
  • 1965-06-08 Edmondo Rossoni, Italian fascist (b. 1884)
  • 1965-12-06 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar, dies at 90
  • 1965-12-16 Tito Schipa [Raffaele Attilio Amedeo Schipa], Italian tenor/composer (La Rondine), dies at 77
  • 1967-03-25 Renato Cellini, Italian conductor (b.c.1913)
  • 1967-05-07 Lorenzo Bandini, Italian Formula One driver (b. 1935)
  • 1967-05-10 Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racing driver, (b. 1935)
  • 1967-06-18 Giacomo Russo, Italian racing driver (b. 1937)

Primo Carnera

1967-06-29 Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (World Heavyweight Champion 1933-34), dies of alcohol-related liver disease at 60

  • 1968-02-13 Ildebrando Pizzetti, Italian composer, dies at 87
  • 1968-07-22 Giovannino Guareschi, Italian author (Don Camillo, Peppone, dies at 60
  • 1969-02-02 Giovanni Martinelli, Italian operatic spinto tenor singer (New York Metropolitan Opera, 1913-45), dies at 83
  • 1969-04-18 Piotr F. Scharoff, Russian-Italian actor & director (Chechov), dies at 82
  • 1969-10-04 Natalino Otto, Italian singer (b. 1912)
  • 1969-12-04 Alceo Toni, Italian composer, dies at 85
  • 1970-06-01 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, dies at 82
  • 1970-08-30 Anna Casati, Italian marchesa, murdered at 41
  • 1971-05-05 Alice Tissot, French actress (Italian Straw Hat), dies of cancer at 81
  • 1971-05-05 Petro Scaglione, Italian procureur-general, killed by Mafia
  • 1971-05-31 Massimo Campigli, Italian painter and illustrator, dies at 75
  • 1971-10-19 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist, dies at 89
  • 1972-01-28 Dino Buzzati, Italian writer (The Tartar Steppe), dies at 67
  • 1972-10-09 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter, dies at 72

Antonio Segni

1972-12-01 Antonio Segni, Italian politician, Prime Minister of Italy (1955-57, 59-60, 62-64), dies at 81

Frank Costello

1973-02-18 Frank Costello, Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld), dies of a heart attack at 82

  • 1973-05-21 Carlo E. Gadda, Italian engineer and writer (War Diary), dies at 79

Anna Magnani

1973-09-26 Anna Magnani, Italian actress (The Rose Tattoo; Miracle; Wild is the Wind), dies of pancreatic cancer at 65

  • 1973-10-28 Sergio Tofano, Italian actor (b. 1883)
  • 1973-11-13 Bruno Maderna, Italian conductor, and avant garde composer (Quadrivium; Satyricon), dies of lung cancer at 53
  • 1974-03-07 Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer and actor (b. 1906)
  • 1974-03-28 Dino Ciani, Italian pianist, dies in a car accident at 32
  • 1974-04-15 Giovanni D'Anzi, Italian songwriter ("Malinconia d'amore"), dies at 68
  • 1974-06-11 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)