Kyoto in History

Historical Events

  • 0794-10-22 Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
  • 1326-12-08 Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi
  • 1536-08-13 Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).
  • 1582-06-21 Honnō-ji Incident: assassination of Oda Nobunaga by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1601-10-21 Memorial service for Daitokuji's Shinju held for Ikkyu Sojun in Kyoto
  • 1864-07-08 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • 1935-12-08 The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect's operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi.
  • 1950-07-02 Kinkaku-ji, a Zen Buddihst temple in Kyoto, Japan, burns down
  • 1997-12-11 Delegates from 150 industrial nations attending a UN climate conference in Kyoto, Japan, reach agreement to control heat-trapping greenhouse gases

Historic Event

1998-11-12 Vice President of the United States Al Gore symbolically signs the Kyoto Protocol

  • 2001-11-10 An agreement is reached at talks in Marrakech, Morocco, on rules for implementation of the Kyoto climate change treaty
  • 2002-05-23 The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland
  • 2004-11-18 Russia officially ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
  • 2005-02-16 The Kyoto Protocol comes into force following its ratification by Russia committing industrialized nations to limit and reduce greenhouse gases
  • 2012-12-08 UN climate conference agrees to extend the Kyoto Protocol to 2020
  • 2019-07-18 Arson attack on animated studio Kyoto Animation Co in Kyoto, Japan, kills at least 33

Famous Birthdays

  • 0867-06-10 Uda, 59th Emperor of Japan (887-897), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 931)
  • 1034-09-03 Go-Sanjō, 71st Emperor of Japan (1068-73), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1073)
  • 1155-05-17 Jien, Japanese poet and historian, born in Kyoto (d. 1225)
  • 1178-12-22 Emperor Antoku of Japan, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1185)
  • 1180-08-06 Go-Toba, 82nd Emperor of Japan, born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1239)
  • 1288-11-26 Go-Daigo, 96th Emperor of Japan (1318-39), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1339)
  • 1358-09-25 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1408)
  • 1407-08-27 Ashikaga Yoshikazu, 5th Japanese shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1425)
  • 1465-12-11 Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese 9th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1489)
  • 1476-08-29 Kanō Motonobu, Japanese painter (Kanō school of painting), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1596-06-29 Emperor Go-Mizunoo, 108th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1680)
  • 1602-03-04 Kanō Tan'yū [Kanō Morinobu], Japanese painter (palaces, portraits), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1674)
  • 1633-04-20 Emperor Go-Kōmyō, 110th emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1654)
  • 1654-07-09 Emperor Reigen, 112th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1732)
  • 1702-01-14 Nakamikado Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1737)
  • 1741-04-14 Emperor Momozono, 116th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1762)
  • 1927-11-07 Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese businessman (President of Nintendo, 1949-2003, owner of Seattle Mariners), born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 2013)
  • 1932-03-31 Nagisa Oshima, director (Town of Love & Hope), born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 2013)
  • 1942-01-27 Tasuku Honjo, Japanese immunologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 2018), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1946-11-01 Yuko Shimizu, Japanese illustrator (creator of Hello Kitty), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1947-01-18 Sachio Kinugasa, Japanese baseman nicknamed Tetsujin, meaning "Iron Man", born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 2018)

Haruki MurakamiHaruki Murakami (73 years old)

1949-01-12 Japanese writer (Norwegian Wood), born in Kyoto, Japan

  • 1953-05-25 Stan Sakai, Japanese-American cartoonist (Usagi Yojimbo), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1965-05-24 Shinichirō Watanabe, Japanese anime director (Samurai Champloo), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1967-01-22 Manabu Nakanishi, Japanese wrestler (NJPW), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1970-05-25 Satsuki Yukino, Japanese voice actor, born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1970-09-28 Kimiko Date, Japanese professional tennis player (Japan Open, 1996), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1972-07-05 Tatsuhito Takaiwa, Zainichi-Korean wrestler (NJPW), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1973-04-16 Bonnie Pink, Japanese singer and songwriter, born in Nantan, Kyoto, Japan
  • 1975-02-06 Tomoko Kawase, Japanese singer, born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1975-12-25 Hideki Okajima, Japanese baseball pitcher (3 × NPB All-Star; MLB All Star 2007; first Japanese-born pitcher to play in World Series, Game 2 2007 Boston Red Sox; Yomiuri Giants), born in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan
  • 1984-10-13 Misono [Kōda], Japanese pop singer (Day After Tomorrow; "It's All Love!"), and TV personality (Quiz! Hexagon II), born in Kyoto, Japan

Famous Weddings

Lisa Marie Presley

2006-01-22 Princess of Rock and Roll Lisa Marie Presley (37) weds American guitarist and producer Michael Lockwood (44) at Kyoto, Japan

Famous Deaths

  • 1481-11-21 Ikkyu Sojun, Zen head of Daitokuji temple, dies in Kyoto, Japan at 87
  • 1937-12-22 Daito Kokushi, Zen founder of Daitokuji, dies in Kyoto at 55
  • 1990-11-24 Nistani Keiji, philosopher, dies in Kyoto Japan