Kenyan History

Kenya: Nairobi

Historical Events

  • 1899-09-13 Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m - 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya
  • 1905-04-01 British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
  • 1920-07-23 British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony

Historic Event

1948-10-06 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey finds the first partial fossil skull of Proconsul africanus, an ancestor of apes and humans on Rusinga Island, Kenya

Historic Event

1953-04-08 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

  • 1954-04-25 British raid Nairobi, Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
  • 1957-02-18 Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan freedom fighter is executed by the British colonial government.
  • 1961-08-21 Kenyan political activist Jomo Kenyatta released from jail after 9 years. Imprisoned during 1952 Mau Mau rebellion with other nationalist leaders by British authorities
  • 1963-05-27 Jomo Kenyatta elected 1st Prime Minister of Kenya
  • 1963-10-08 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
  • 1963-12-12 Kenya (formerly British East Africa) declares independence from UK
  • 1964-06-01 Kenya becomes a republic with Jomo Kenyatta as its 1st President
  • 1968-02-04 Around 100 Indians and Pakistanis from Kenya arrive in Britain, escaping discrimination
  • 1968-10-20 Kenyan runner Kip Keino wins 1,500m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics in 3:34.91 despite a severe gall bladder infection
  • 1978-05-13 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m steeplechase (8:05.4)
  • 1978-06-27 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m, 7:32.1
  • 1978-10-10 Daniel Arap Moi succeeds Jomo Kenyatta as President of Kenya
  • 1980-12-31 A Jewish owned hotel in Nairobi Kenya is bombed killing 18
  • 1989-05-11 Kenya announces worldwide ban on ivory to preserve its elephant herds
  • 1989-07-03 Peter Koech of Kenya sets 3,000m steeplechase world record of 8:05.39 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1990-06-13 Boeing 767 sets non-stop commercial flight, Seattle to Narobi Kenya
  • 1993-02-19 Kenya Moore, 22, (Michigan), crowned 42nd Miss USA
  • 1994-03-06 United Arab Emirates beat Kenya by 2 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1994-04-29 Ferry boat smashes into Mombasa Harbor Kenya, kills over 300

Sports History

1996-02-18 First ODI for Kenya national cricket team in Cricket World Cup v India: Sachin Tendulkar scores 127*

  • 1996-02-23 Mark Waugh scores 130 in World Cup vs Kenya, 207 w/brother Steve
  • 1996-02-29 Chasing Kenya's 166, the West Indies are dismissed for a dismal 93 in Cricket World Cup at Pune, India; spinner Maurice Odumbe takes 3/15 and fast bowler Rajab Ali 3/17 for Kenya
  • 1996-03-06 Aravinda De Silva smashes 145 v Kenya in cricket World Cup at Kandy Sri Lanka score 5-398 in 50 overs in World Cup v Kenya
  • 1996-09-28 1st ODI played in Kenya between home team & Sri Lanka
  • 1997-11-02 New York City Marathon: John Kagwe of Kenya wins men's race in 2:08:12; Franziska Rochat-Moser of Switzerland women's champion in 2:28:43
  • 1998-08-20 U.S. embassy bombings: US military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania

Historic Event

1998-11-20 Court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania

  • 1999-02-15 Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party, widely recognized as terrorist organization), was arrested in Kenya.
  • 2000-01-30 Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
  • 2000-10-25 A team led by Brigitte Senut and Martin Pickford discover Orrorin tugenensis, one of the earliest species on the human family tree that lived about 6 million years ago, in the Tugen Hills, Kenya
  • 2005-01-09 The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.
  • 2007-05-05 Kenya Airways Flight KQ 507 crashes in Cameroon.
  • 2009-01-31 In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.
  • 2012-03-22 Massive fire devours thousands of hectares of ancient forests and threatens wildlife on Mount Kenya
  • 2012-06-10 A Helicopter crash near Nairobi, Kenya, kills five people, including George Saitoti, a Kenyan cabinet minister
  • 2012-07-01 17 people are killed and 45 injured in an attack on two churches in Garissa, Kenya
  • 2012-08-22 48 people are killed in Kenyan tribal wars between the Pokomo and Orma
  • 2012-12-21 39 people are killed in violent clashes in Kenya

Election of Interest

2013-03-30 Kenya's Supreme Court declares Uhuru Kenyatta the rightful winner of the Kenyan presidential election

  • 2013-08-29 41 people are killed and 33 are injured in a bus accident in Kenya
  • 2013-09-21 59 people are killed and 175 wounded in a shopping mall gun battle in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 2014-04-13 Kenyan Wilson Kipsang wins the London Marathon
  • 2014-11-23 An adviser to the Kenyan president says the slaughter of 28 people on a bus by the Somali militant Islamist group al-Shabab is intended to create a religious war in the country
  • 2015-04-02 140 people are killed after gunmen attack Garissa University College, Kenya
  • 2015-04-14 Archaeologists announce they have found at Lomekwi in Kenya 3.3 million-year old stone tools, the oldest ever discovered and which pre-date the earliest humans

Sports History

2015-04-26 35th London Marathon: Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge & Ethiopian Tigist Tufa win

  • 2015-05-20 Journal Nature publishes findings of the oldest human-made tools from Kenya’s Turkana basin - 3.3 million years, 1st found to pre-date the Homo genus

Historic Event

2015-07-24 US President Barack Obama begins an historic 2 day visit to Kenya

Papal Visit

2015-11-25 Pope Francis begins his trip to Africa, visiting Kenya, Uganda and the Central African Republic

Famous Birthdays

Jomo Kenyatta

1891-10-20 Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan leader and 1st President of Kenya (1963-78), born in Gatundu, Kenya (d. 1978)

Louis Leakey

1903-08-07 Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist and archaeologist ((Olduvai Gorge; 1964 Richard Hooper Medal), born in Kabete, Kenya (d. 1972)

  • 1920-10-31 Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan freedom fighter, born in Nyeri District, Central Province, Kenya (d. 1957)
  • 1924-09-02 Daniel Arap Moi, Kenyan politician, President of Kenya (1978-2002), born in Kurieng'wo, Kenya (d. 2020)
  • 1931-11-15 Mwai Kibaki, Kenyan politician, President of Kenya (2002-13), born in Gatuyaini, Kenya (d. 2022)
  • 1936-03-22 Roger Whittaker, Kenyan British country singer ("The Last Farewell"; "Durham Town"), born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1938-01-05 Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenyan writer, born in Kamirithu
  • 1940-01-17 Kipchoge "Kip" Keino, Kenyan athlete (Olympic gold 1,500m 1968, 3k steeplechase 1972), born in Kipsamo, Kenya

Wangari Maathai

1940-04-01 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), born in Ihithe village, Kenya (d. 2011)

  • 1942-02-12 Chananjit Vohra, Kenyan/British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1943-03-01 Benjamin W Jipcho, Mt Elgon Kenya, 3K steeplechase (Olympic silver 1972)
  • 1944-12-19 Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist and politician, born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1945-01-07 Raila Odinga, Kenyan politician, Prime Minister of Kenya (2008-2013), born in Maseno, Kenya
  • 1945-10-09 Naftali Bon, Kenyan 4x400m runner (Olympic silver 1968), born in Kapsabet, Rift Valley Province, Kenya
  • 1947-09-08 Amos Biwott, Kenyan 3K steeplechaser (Olympic gold 1968), born in Uasin Gishee, Kenya
  • 1949-01-06 Mike Boit, Kenyan 800m runner (Olympic bronze 1972), born in Eldoret, Kenya
  • 1955-05-29 Sut Jhally, Kenyan-born American educator
  • 1958-02-18 Peter Koech, Kenyan 3K steeplechaser (Olympic silver 1988), born in Kiliburani, Kenya
  • 1958-10-25 Dipak Patel, New Zealand cricket all-rounder (37 Tests, 5 x 50s, 75 wickets; 75 ODIs; Worcestershire CCC, Auckland CA), born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1960-04-21 Julius Korir, Kenya, 3K steeplechaser (Olympic gold 1984)
  • 1961-02-21 Yobes Ondieki, Kenyan 10K runner (world record)
  • 1961-04-12 Julius Kariuki, Kenyan 3K steeplechaser (Olympic gold 1988), born in Nyahururu, Kenya
  • 1963-09-26 Douglas Wakiihuri, Kenyan athlete (World marathon champion 1987, Olympic silver 1988), born in Mombasa, Kenya
  • 1966-02-25 Samson Kitur, Kenyan athlete (d. 2003)
  • 1968-08-22 Paul Ereng, Kenyan athlete, 800m runner (Olympic gold 1988), born in Kitale, Kenya
  • 1969-06-17 Paul Tergat, Kenyan long distance runner, born in Riwo, Baringo District, Kenya
  • 1970-10-01 Moses Kiptanui, Kenyan steeplechaser (World C'ship gold 1991, 93, 95; Olympic silver 1996), born in Marakwet District, Kenya
  • 1971-01-18 Binyavanga Wainaina, Kenyan author & journalist, born in Nakuru, Rift Valley
  • 1971-06-25 Steve Tikolo, Kenyan cricketer (outstanding Kenyan batsman in 1996 World Cup), born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1971-07-06 Kenya D. Williamson, American actress and author (Depth of Focus: A Novel), born in Levittown, Pennsylvania
  • 1972-06-20 Martin Keino, Nyeri Kenya, 1.5k runner
  • 1974-08-23 Benjamin Limo, Kenyan runner, born in Eldoret, Kenya
  • 1975-02-20 Ismael Kirui, Marakwet Kenya, 5k runner
  • 1976-05-17 Daniel Komen, Nyaru Kenya, 5k runner
  • 1978-09-26 Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot, Kenyan long-distance runner, born in Kapsabet, Kenya
  • 1979-01-18 Kenyatta Jones, American football player, born in Gainesville, Florida
  • 1979-08-02 Reuben Kosgei, Kenyan athlete, born in Kapsabet, Kenya
  • 1980-07-24 Wilfred Bungei, Kenyan middle-distance runner
  • 1980-08-29 Mohammad Sheikh, Kenyan cricketer, born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1981-07-27 Collins Obuya, Kenyan cricket all-rounder (104 ODIs, 35 wickets, 11 x 50), born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1983-03-01 Lupita Nyong’o, Mexican-Kenyan actress (12 Years a Slave), born in Mexico City
  • 2179-09-04 Nyota Uhura, Fictional Star Trek communications officer, born in Nairobi, Kenya

Famous Weddings

  • 2004-12-29 "The X-Files" actress Gillian Anderson (36) weds former journalist and documentary filmmaker Julian Ozanne (42) on Shella island in Lamu, Kenya

Famous Deaths

  • 1957-02-18 Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan freedom fighter, dies by execution at 36
  • 1975-03-02 Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, Kenyan politician (b.1929)

Jomo Kenyatta

1978-08-22 Jomo Kenyatta, 1st Prime Minister of Kenya (1963-78), dies at 83

  • 1989-08-20 George Adamson [Baba ya Simba - "Father of Lions"], British conservationist (Born Free), murdered in Kenya at 82
  • 1994-01-20 Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, Kenyan vice-pres (1963-66), dies at about 81
  • 2001-08-15 Richard Chelimo, Kenyan athlete (b. 1972)
  • 2003-04-25 Samson Kitur, Kenyan athlete (b. 1966)
  • 2003-07-22 Wahome Muthahi, Kenyan humourist (b. 1954)
  • 2007-12-25 Mighty King Kong, Kenyan reggae musician. (b. 1973)

Wangari Maathai

2011-09-25 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), dies from ovarian cancer at 71

  • 2012-02-21 John Michuki, Kenyan politician, dies from heart attack at 79