Kuwait in History

Historical Events

  • 1960-09-14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961-06-19 Kuwait declares independence from UK
  • 1961-06-24 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
  • 1961-06-25 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • 1961-11-30 USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership
  • 1962-08-29 Some provisions of Kuwaiti constitution are suspended
  • 1962-11-11 Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait
  • 1962-11-16 Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
  • 1963-05-14 Kuwait is 111th member of the United Nations
  • 1964-08-14 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait and Syria form common market
  • 1972-10-27 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973-10-16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • 1973-12-17 Arabs terrorists shoot passengers on Boeing 737 to Kuwait
  • 1974-01-29 Kuwait announces 60 percent government participation in BP-Gulf concession
  • 1975-12-01 Kuwait and Gulf and BP agree on terms of nationalization
  • 1977-12-31 Amir Sheikh Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah becomes leader of Kuwait

  • 1978-02-08 Crown Prince Sad Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah becomes Prime Minister of Kuwait
  • 1983-12-12 A truck bomb explodes at US Embassy in Kuwait
  • 1984-03-27 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines
  • 1984-12-04 Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.
  • 1984-12-06 Hijackers aboard Kuwaiti jetliner kill 2nd hostage
  • 1984-12-09 Iranian commandos end day hijack of Kuwaiti plane
  • 1986-07-03 Kuwait's National Assembly (Majlis al Umma) dissolves
  • 1987-03-23 US offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf
  • 1987-07-22 US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf
  • 1990-07-17 Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from Iraq
  • 1990-07-24 US warships in Persian Gulf placed on alert after Iraq masses nearly 30,000 troops near its border with Kuwait
  • 1990-07-25 US Ambassador tells Iraq, US won't take sides in Iraq-Kuwait dispute
  • 1990-08-01 Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait
  • 1990-08-02 Iraq invades and occupies Kuwait, Emir flees to Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-03 Radio Kuwait resigns air, due to Iraqi invasion
  • 1990-08-08 Iraq annexes Kuwait as its 19th province
  • 1990-08-16 Iraq orders 4000 Britons & 2500 Americans in Kuwait to Iraq
  • 1990-08-24 Iraqi troops surround US & other embassies in Kuwait City
  • 1990-09-06 US citizen is shot in Kuwait; oil markets surge on aggressive US statements toward Iraq
  • 1990-09-09 George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki & urge Iraq to leave Kuwait

  • 1990-09-13 Iraqi troops storm residence of French ambassador in Kuwait

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-09-24 Iraq invades the French and Dutch missions in Kuwait; French President Mitterrand called the action a violation of international law; a U.S. warship boards an Iraqi-flagged tanker bound for the port of Basrah

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1990-09-27 Deposed emir of Kuwait address UN General Assembly
  • 1990-09-28 Exiled emir of Kuwait visits White House

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-10-01 US President George H. W. Bush at UN, condemns Iraq's takeover of Kuwait

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-10-01 Saddam Hussein says he may be willing to negotiate the occupation of Kuwait and would consider foreign participation in negotiations

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein
  • 1990-10-11 UK Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd says force would be used if Iraq does not withdraw from Kuwait
  • 1990-11-08 Unconfirmed rumors emerge that Bush might announce an airlift of supplies to US embassy in Kuwait, which could ultimately trigger a military clash

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-11-26 Mikhail Gorbachev tells Iraq to get out of Kuwait

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1990-11-26 US proposes addition to UN resolution that would require Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait by January 1
  • 1990-11-29 UN Security Council approves US-sponsored resolution authorizing the use of force in the Persian Gulf if Iraq does not withdrawal from Kuwait by Jan. 15, 1991
  • 1990-12-12 US ambassador to Kuwait, Nathaniel Howell, leaves Kuwait
  • 1990-12-22 Iraq announces it will never give up Kuwait
  • 1991-01-15 UN's deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don't)

KuwaitKuwaiti Oil Fires

1991-01-22 Kuwaiti oil facilities are destroyed by Iraqi forces

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Set alight by retreating Iraqi troops, Kuwaiti oil fires burnt long after the Gulf War finished
Set alight by retreating Iraqi troops, Kuwaiti oil fires burnt long after the Gulf War finished
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  • 1991-01-23 World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
  • 1991-02-23 US President George H. W. Bush gives Iraq a 24-hour deadline to withdraw from Kuwait or face a ground war
  • 1991-02-26 Kuwaiti resistance leaders declare they have control of their capital
  • 1991-02-28 Gulf War ends after Iraq accepts a ceasefire following their retreat from Kuwait
  • 1991-03-01 US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens

  • 1991-03-05 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
  • 1991-03-07 Iraq continues to explode oil fields in Kuwait
  • 1991-03-14 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
  • 1991-03-24 Banks reopen in liberated Kuwait
  • 1991-03-31 The Establishment of Islamic Constitutional Movement - Hadas in Kuwait.
  • 1991-06-03 Kuwait asks Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members to produce 800,000 bbl/d (130,000 m3/d) of oil on its behalf
  • 1991-11-01 Last of Kuwait oil well fires extinguished by Canadian well control team "SafetyBOSS"
  • 1993-06-26 The U.S. launches a cruise missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H. W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
  • 1995-08-28 Kuwaiti Oil Minister Abdul Mohsen al-Medej announces that his country will increase its oil production capacity to as much as 3.5 million barrels per day by 2005
  • 1995-09-13 The Kuwaiti Oil Ministry states its intention to seek a 200-million-barrels-per-day increase to its current 2-million-barrels-per-day crude oil production quota at OPEC meeting in Vienna
  • 1997-06-04 UN Security renews its "oilforfood" initiative whereby Iraq may sell $2 billion worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other necessities to alleviate civilian suffering under the sanctions imposed when it invaded Kuwait in 1990
  • 2001-06-11 Saudi Arabia seizes ownership, effective June 7, of the 1.6-million-barrels-per-day IPSA pipeline that had carried Iraqi crude oil to the Saudi Red Sea port of Mu'jiz prior to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • 2005-03-07 Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women's voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2005-05-16 Kuwait permits women's suffrage in a 35-23 National Assembly vote
  • 2010-08-19 Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait
  • 2015-06-26 Saudi suicide bomber kills 27 at Shia Imam al-Sadiq mosque in Kuwait, 227 injured

Famous Birthdays

  • 1902-01-15 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)
  • 1915-06-18 Red Adair, American oilman (fought oil fires in Kuwait), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2004)
  • 1926-06-29 Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, born in Kuwait City (d. 2006)
  • 1967-05-20 Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist

Famous Deaths

  • 1915-11-28 Mubarak Al-Sabah "The Great", Emir of Kuwait (b. 1896)
  • 1917-02-05 Jaber II Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1860)
  • 1921-02-22 Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1864)
  • 1950-01-29 Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1885)
  • 1965-11-24 Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1895)
  • 1977-12-31 Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, ruler of Kuwait (b. 1924)
  • 2006-01-15 Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, dies at 79
  • 2008-05-13 Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait (b. 1930)