Kuwait in History

Historical Events

  • 1960-09-14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961-06-19 Kuwait declares independence from UK
  • 1961-06-24 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
  • 1961-06-25 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • 1961-11-30 USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership
  • 1962-08-29 Some provisions of Kuwaiti constitution are suspended
  • 1962-11-11 Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait
  • 1962-11-16 Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
  • 1963-05-14 Kuwait is 111th member of the United Nations
  • 1964-08-14 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait and Syria form common market
  • 1972-10-27 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973-10-16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • 1973-12-17 Arabs terrorists shoot passengers on Boeing 737 to Kuwait
  • 1974-01-29 Kuwait announces 60 percent government participation in BP-Gulf concession
  • 1975-12-01 Kuwait and Gulf and BP agree on terms of nationalization
  • 1977-12-31 Amir Sheikh Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah becomes leader of Kuwait
  • 1978-02-08 Crown Prince Sad Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah becomes Prime Minister of Kuwait
  • 1983-12-12 A truck bomb explodes at US Embassy in Kuwait
  • 1984-03-27 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines
  • 1984-12-04 Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.
  • 1984-12-06 Hijackers aboard Kuwaiti jetliner kill 2nd hostage
  • 1984-12-09 Iranian commandos end 5-day hijacking of Kuwaiti plane
  • 1986-07-03 Kuwait's National Assembly (Majlis al Umma) dissolves
  • 1987-03-23 US offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf
  • 1987-07-22 US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf
  • 1990-07-17 Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from Iraq
  • 1990-07-24 US warships in Persian Gulf placed on alert after Iraq masses nearly 30,000 troops near its border with Kuwait
  • 1990-07-25 US Ambassador tells Iraq, US won't take sides in Iraq-Kuwait dispute
  • 1990-08-01 Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait
  • 1990-08-02 Iraq invades and occupies Kuwait, Emir flees to Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-03 Radio Kuwait resigns air, due to Iraqi invasion
  • 1990-08-08 Iraq annexes Kuwait as its 19th province
  • 1990-08-16 Iraq orders 4000 Britons & 2500 Americans in Kuwait to Iraq
  • 1990-08-24 Iraqi troops surround US & other embassies in Kuwait City
  • 1990-09-06 US citizen is shot in Kuwait; oil markets surge on aggressive US statements toward Iraq
  • 1990-09-09 George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki & urge Iraq to leave Kuwait
  • 1990-09-13 Iraqi troops storm residence of French ambassador in Kuwait

Historic Event

1990-09-24 Iraq invades the French and Dutch missions in Kuwait; French President François Mitterrand calls the action a violation of international law; US warship boards an Iraqi-flagged tanker bound for the port of Basrah

  • 1990-09-27 Deposed emir of Kuwait address UN General Assembly
  • 1990-09-28 Exiled emir of Kuwait visits White House

Historic Event

1990-10-01 Saddam Hussein says he may be willing to negotiate the occupation of Kuwait and would consider foreign participation in negotiations

Historic Event

1990-10-01 US President George H. W. Bush at UN, condemns Iraq's takeover of Kuwait

  • 1990-10-11 UK Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd says force would be used if Iraq does not withdraw from Kuwait
  • 1990-11-08 Unconfirmed rumors emerge that Bush might announce an airlift of supplies to US embassy in Kuwait, which could ultimately trigger a military clash

Historic Event

1990-11-26 Mikhail Gorbachev tells Iraq to get out of Kuwait

  • 1990-11-26 US proposes addition to UN resolution that would require Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait by January 1
  • 1990-11-29 UN Security Council approves US-sponsored resolution authorizing the use of force in the Persian Gulf if Iraq does not withdrawal from Kuwait by Jan. 15, 1991
  • 1990-12-12 US ambassador to Kuwait, Nathaniel Howell, leaves Kuwait
  • 1990-12-22 Iraq announces it will never give up Kuwait
  • 1991-01-15 UN's deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don't)
  • 1991-01-23 World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
  • 1991-02-23 US President George H. W. Bush gives Iraq a 24-hour deadline to withdraw from Kuwait or face a ground war
  • 1991-02-26 Kuwaiti resistance leaders declare they have control of their capital
  • 1991-02-28 Gulf War ends after Iraq accepts a ceasefire following their retreat from Kuwait
  • 1991-03-01 US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens
  • 1991-03-05 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
  • 1991-03-07 Iraq continues to explode oil fields in Kuwait
  • 1991-03-14 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
  • 1991-03-24 Banks reopen in liberated Kuwait
  • 1991-03-31 The Establishment of Islamic Constitutional Movement - Hadas in Kuwait.
  • 1991-06-03 Kuwait asks Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members to produce 800,000 bbl/d (130,000 m3/d) of oil on its behalf
  • 1991-11-01 Last of Kuwait oil well fires extinguished by Canadian well control team "SafetyBOSS"
  • 1993-06-26 The U.S. launches a cruise missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H. W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
  • 1995-08-28 Kuwaiti Oil Minister Abdul Mohsen al-Medej announces that his country will increase its oil production capacity to as much as 3.5 million barrels per day by 2005
  • 1995-09-13 The Kuwaiti Oil Ministry states its intention to seek a 200-million-barrels-per-day increase to its current 2-million-barrels-per-day crude oil production quota at OPEC meeting in Vienna
  • 1997-06-04 UN Security renews its "oilforfood" initiative whereby Iraq may sell $2 billion worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other necessities to alleviate civilian suffering under the sanctions imposed when it invaded Kuwait in 1990
  • 2001-06-11 Saudi Arabia seizes ownership, effective June 7, of the 1.6-million-barrels-per-day IPSA pipeline that had carried Iraqi crude oil to the Saudi Red Sea port of Mu'jiz prior to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • 2005-03-07 Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women's voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2005-05-16 Kuwait permits women's suffrage in a 35-23 National Assembly vote
  • 2010-08-19 Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait
  • 2015-06-26 Saudi suicide bomber kills 27 at Shia Imam al-Sadiq mosque in Kuwait, 227 injured

Famous Birthdays

  • 1902-01-15 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)
  • 1915-06-18 Red Adair, American oilman (fought oil fires in Kuwait), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2004)
  • 1926-06-29 Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, born in Kuwait City (d. 2006)
  • 1967-05-20 Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist

Famous Deaths

  • 1915-11-28 Mubarak Al-Sabah "The Great", Emir of Kuwait (b. 1896)
  • 1917-02-05 Jaber II Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1860)
  • 1921-02-22 Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1864)
  • 1950-01-29 Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1885)
  • 1965-11-24 Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1895)
  • 1977-12-31 Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, ruler of Kuwait (b. 1924)
  • 2006-01-15 Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, dies at 79
  • 2008-05-13 Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait (b. 1930)