Latvian History

Latvia: Riga

Historical Events

  • 1481-08-30 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV
  • 1569-07-01 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1918-02-15 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopt the Gregorian calendar

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1918-04-18 The People's Council of Latvia proclaims the independence of the new country of Latvia
  • 1918-11-18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • 1918-12-20 The Allies turn their attention to Bolshevik expansion in the East, landing troops in Crimea and Latvia
  • 1920-05-05 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • 1920-08-01 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
  • 1920-08-11 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • 1921-09-22 The League of Nations accepts membership of independent Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
  • 1922-05-30 Latvia & Vatican sign accord
  • 1923-02-16 Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory
  • 1926-09-28 Russia & Latvia treaty of neutrality signed
  • 1929-02-09 USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Poland & Romania sign Litvinov's Pact, providing for renunciation of war among its signatories
  • 1929-09-19 Latvia dictator A Woldemaras chased out

  • 1934-05-15 Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
  • 1934-09-12 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • 1934-12-10 Fascist dictator of Latvia Ulmanis begins building concentration camp
  • 1940-07-21 Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
  • 1940-08-25 Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia incorporated into Soviet Union
  • 1941-07-04 Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
  • 1943-11-02 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
  • 1944-03-27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • 1944-10-13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • 1950-04-11 US B-29 bomber shot down over Latvia
  • 1988-10-07 Latvian flag raised in Riga for first time since annexation by USSR
  • 1990-05-04 Latvia's parliament votes 138-0 (1 abstention) for Independence
  • 1990-12-01 Lithuania, Estonia & Latvia hold their 1st joint session
  • 1991-03-03 Latvia & Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR
  • 1991-08-21 Latvia declares its independence from USSR
  • 1991-09-02 US officially recognizes independence of Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania
  • 1991-09-06 USSR recognizes the independence of the 3 Baltic republics (Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania)
  • 1991-09-17 UN admits Estonia, Latvia, Lithuiania, North & South Korea, Marshall Islands & Micronesia
  • 1993-07-07 Guntis Ulmanis elected president of Latvia
  • 1994-08-31 Last Russian soldiers leave Estonia & Latvia
  • 1995-10-27 Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.
  • 2001-08-01 Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
  • 2002-05-25 47th Eurovision Song Contest: Marie N for Latvia wins singing "I Wanna" in Tallinn
  • 2002-11-21 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2002-12-13 Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
  • 2003-09-20 A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country's accession to the European Union
  • 2004-03-29 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
  • 2004-05-01 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
  • 2005-12-15 Latvia amends its constitution to eliminate possibility of same-sex couples being entitled to marry.
  • 2007-12-21 The Schengen Agreement area increases to include 9 European Union member states; Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on land and sea borders.
  • 2008-09-08 Latvia joins its northern neighbor Estonia in recession as GDP falls 0.2% in the second quarter from the first quarter, when it fell 0.3%; property markets and construction have suffered in both Baltic states
  • 2011-02-09 Latvia leaves deep recession with an annualised growth of 3.7% in the last quarter of 2010, it is reported today
  • 2013-11-21 54 people are killed after the roof of a supermarket collapses in Riga, Latvia

Famous Birthdays

  • 1720-04-03 Elia van Vilnius [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman], Latvian rabbi, born in Sialiec, Polish-Lithuanian (d. 1797)
  • 1764-11-22 Barbara Juliane, baroness von Krüdener, Baltic German religious mystic, author, and Pietist Lutheran theologian, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1824)
  • 1835-05-11 Kārlis Baumanis, Latvian composer (d. 1905)
  • 1835-10-31 Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer, born in Jaunpils Parish, Latvia (d. 1923)
  • 1865-09-11 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, born in Dunava parish, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1886-05-13 Joseph Achron, Lithianian-American violinist and composer (Golem Suite), born in Lozdzieje, Russian Empire (now Lazdijai, Lithuania) (d. 1943)
  • 1886-11-07 Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian chess player (openings theorist), born in Riga, Russian Empire (d. 1935)
  • 1887-08-14 Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (Falscher Start), born in Riga, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • 1888-03-20 Siegfried von Vegesack, German writer, born in Gut Blumbergshof, Latvia (d. 1974)
  • 1898-01-22 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), born in Riga, Latvia [NS] (d. 1948)
  • 1899-02-07 Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader, CPSU Politburo member
  • 1899-04-01 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • 1899-05-12 Indra Devi, Latvian Yoga Instructor (d. 2002)
  • 1903-12-22 Marc Lavry, Israeli composer, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1967)
  • 1926-04-06 Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1937-09-09 Mikhail N Tai, Latvia, World chess champion (1960-61)
  • 1937-12-01 Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, 6th President of Latvia
  • 1942-11-25 Rosa Von Praunheim [Holger Mischwitzky], Riga Latvia, dir (Affengeil)
  • 1943-01-14 Mariss Jansons, Latvian conductor (Bavarian RSO (2003-2019); Royal Concertgebouw (2004-2015), born in Riga, Latvia (d. 2019)
  • 1947-02-27 Gidon Kremer, Latvian violinist (Tchaikovsky Prize 1970), born in Riga, Latvia
  • 1948-01-10 Mischa Maisky, Latvian cellist, born in Riga, Latvia
  • 1948-01-27 Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian-American ballet dancer,and choreographer (American Ballet Theater), and actor (The Turning Point; Sex In The City), born in Riga, Latvian SSR, Soviet Union (now Latvia)
  • 1953-09-26 Aivars Lembergs, Latvian politician, born in Jēkabpils, Latvia
  • 1955-03-22 Valdis Zatlers, Latvian politician 7th President of Latvia, born in Riga, Latvian SSR, USSR
  • 1966-03-22 Artis Pabriks, Latvian politician, born in Jūrmala, Lavtian SSR, USSR
  • 1966-07-01 Larisa Savchenko-Neiland, Latvian tennis player (6 Grand Slam doubles titles), born in Lviv, Ukrain
  • 1967-02-02 Arturs Irbe, Latvian hockey player
  • 1969-12-21 Mihails Zemļinskis, Latvian footballer, born in Riga, Latvia
  • 1972-12-18 DJ Lethal, Latvian-born American DJ (House of Pain, Limp Bizkit)
  • 1973-03-03 Romāns Vainšteins, Latvian cyclist
  • 1973-06-23 Marie N, Latvian singer
  • 1973-07-07 Kārlis Skrastiņš, Latvian ice hockey player, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 2011)
  • 1975-06-18 Aleksandrs Koliņko, Latvian footballer
  • 1976-08-05 Marians Pahars, Latvian footballer, born in Chornobai, Ukraine
  • 1979-10-15 Māris Verpakovskis, Latvian football player
  • 1988-08-30 Ernests Gulbis, Latvian tennis player, born in Riga, Latvia

Famous Deaths

  • 1727-05-06 Catharine I of Russia [Marta Samuilovna], wife of Peter the Great, dies at about 42
  • 1797-10-09 Elijah B Solomon Zalman, rabbi/Gaon of Vilna Latvia, dies at 77
  • 1905-01-10 Kārlis Baumanis, Latvian composer (b. 1835)
  • 1923-03-08 Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer, dies at 87
  • 1929-09-12 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, dies at 64
  • 1935-03-16 Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian-born chess player (b. 1886)
  • 1937-02-03 Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (b. 1887)
  • 1943-04-29 Joseph Achron, Latvian violinist and composer (Golem suite), dies at 56
  • 1968-04-10 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
  • 1983-05-29 Arvīds Pelše, Soviet Latvian statesman (b. 1899)
  • 1993-09-10 Rita Karin, Polish-Latvia/American actress (Sophie's Choice), dies at 73
  • 1995-01-06 Joe Slovo, Latvian/South African attorney/sect-gen (SACR), dies at 68
  • 1997-11-05 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-British philosopher, dies at 88
  • 2000-01-31 Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)