Libyan History

Historical Events

  • 1740-12-16 Prussian Libya falls to Silezie
  • 1756-08-29 Prussian Libya occupies Saxson: beginning 7 years War
  • 1818-10-09 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1911-11-05 Italian forces take Tripoli & Cyrenaica, declaring suzerainty over Ottoman-controlled Libya
  • 1912-10-19 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
  • 1922-09-13 Alleged world record temperature of 136.4°F (58°C) in El Aziziyah, Libya, in the shade (invalidated 2012 by the World Meteorological Organization)
  • 1934-12-03 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • 1940-12-09 British assault on Benghazi, Libya: first major allied offensive in North Africa
  • 1940-12-10 British anti-offensive in Libya (Sidi Barrani)
  • 1941-01-05 British Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya
  • 1941-01-21 Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
  • 1941-01-30 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • 1941-02-04 British tanks occupy Maus, Libya
  • 1941-02-06 British troops conquer Bengazi, Libya
  • 1941-02-14 German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1941-02-22 German assault on El Agheila Libya
  • 1941-03-24 German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
  • 1941-04-10 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica
  • 1941-05-15 British attack Halfaya-pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt and Libya
  • 1941-11-22 NZ troops conquer Ft Capuzzo Libya
  • 1941-12-23 British troops overrun Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942-01-28 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
  • 1942-01-29 German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942-11-20 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • 1949-06-01 British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
  • 1951-12-24 United Kingdom of Libya gains independence from Italy via UN
  • 1962-01-23 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb

Historic Event

1969-09-01 Colonel Muammar Gaddafi deposes King Idris in the Libyan revolution

  • 1969-09-08 Suleiman Maghrabi appointed premier of Libya
  • 1969-12-11 Libya adopts constitution
  • 1970-01-15 Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya
  • 1970-01-16 4 months after leading a coup against monarchy, Muammar Gaddafi takes over rule of Libya
  • 1970-04-15 Libyan leader Gadaffi launches "Green Revolution"
  • 1970-06-11 US leaves Wheelus AFB Libya
  • 1970-07-21 Libya orders confiscation of all Jewish property
  • 1971-04-02 Libya concludes 5 weeks of negotiations with Western oil companies in Tripoli
  • 1971-04-17 Egypt, Libya & Syria form federation (FAR)
  • 1971-12-05 Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession
  • 1972-03-04 Libya & USSR signs cooperation treaty
  • 1972-09-01 Egypt & Libya form federation
  • 1972-09-20 Libya acquires a 50 percent interest in two ENI oil concessions
  • 1973-02-21 Israeli fighters shoot Libyan aircraft down, killing 108
  • 1973-06-11 Libya nationalizes Bunker Hunt concession; Nigeria acquires 35 percent participation in Shell-BP concession
  • 1973-09-01 Libya nationalizes 51 percent of nine other oil companies' concessions
  • 1973-10-19 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States
  • 1973-12-13 MPLA/FNLA accord about combat against Portuguese Libya
  • 1974-01-12 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
  • 1974-02-11 Libya nationalizes three US oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in September
  • 1977-03-02 Libya amends constitution
  • 1977-03-03 Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
  • 1977-07-21 Libyan-Egyptian border fights
  • 1977-11-19 Libya drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1977-12-05 Egypt breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & South Yemen
  • 1979-12-02 Crowds attack US embassy in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1979-12-16 Libya raises crude oil prices, joining four other OPEC nations, which has a dramatic effect on the United States

Historic Event

1980-07-15 Billy Carter, the brother of US President Jimmy Carter, registers as a foreign agent of the Libyan government after it was revealed they paid him hundreds of thousands of dollars

  • 1980-10-31 Senegal routes troops to Gambia due to Libyan threat
  • 1980-11-04 Libyan invasion in Chad
  • 1981-05-06 US expels Libyan diplomats
  • 1981-08-19 2 US Navy F-14 jet fighters shoot down 2 Soviet-built Libyan SU-22
  • 1982-03-10 The United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of their support of terrorist groups.

Historic Event

1982-03-10 US President Reagan proclaims economic sanctions against Libya

  • 1982-03-11 US boycotts Libyan crude oil
  • 1984-04-17 During Libyan Embassy demonstration in London, British police officer Yvonne Fletcher shot dead
  • 1984-08-13 Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
  • 1985-08-20 Libya throws out 1000s Tunisian/Egyptian gas workers
  • 1985-09-26 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Libya
  • 1985-12-27 Terrorists kill 20 and wound 110 attacking El Al at Rome and Vienna airports. President Reagan blames Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
  • 1986-01-07 US President Reagan announces economic sanctions against Libya
  • 1986-02-04 Israeli fighters intercept Libyan passenger airliner
  • 1986-02-17 Libyan bombers attack N'djamena Airport in Chad
  • 1986-03-24 US & Libya clash in Gulf of Sidra
  • 1986-04-14 US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya
  • 1986-04-15 The United States launches Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.
  • 1986-04-15 US air raids Libya, responding to La Belle disco, Berlin bombing
  • 1986-08-29 Moroccan King Hassan II signs unity treaty with Libya
  • 1987-01-07 French airplanes harass Libyan positions in Duadi Doum
  • 1989-01-04 US F-14s shoot down 2 Libyan jet fighters over Mediterranean
  • 1989-02-17 Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market
  • 1990-10-11 Libya's Qadhafi says Israel must be eliminated
  • 1991-11-14 American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103
  • 1992-01-21 UN serves Libya a resolution to hand over intelligence agents accused of two airliner bombings
  • 1992-03-31 UN Security Council voted to ban flights & arms sales to Libya
  • 1992-04-14 UN imposes embargo against Libya takes effect
  • 1992-12-22 Libyan MIG-23UB attacks Boeing 727 at Souk al-Sabt, 158 die

Historic Event

1996-08-06 US President Bill Clinton signs a new bill imposing sanctions on non-US companies which invest over $40 million a year in the energy sectors of Iran or Libya

  • 1997-07-23 The US State Department rules that Turkey's agreement to purchase $23 billion worth of natural gas from Iran does not violate the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act
  • 1998-08-24 The Netherlands is selected as the site for the trial of the two Libyan suspects of the 1988 Pan Am bombing.
  • 1999-04-05 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
  • 2001-01-31 In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.

Historic Event

2001-08-03 US President George W. Bush signs into law the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) Extension Act of 2001

  • 2002-06-06 A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. Resulting explosion estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
  • 2003-09-12 The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
  • 2004-02-26 The United States lifts a ban on travel to Libya, ending travel restrictions to the nation that had lasted for 23 years.
  • 2004-04-24 United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years ago, as reward for cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction
  • 2007-07-24 Libya frees all six of the Medics in the HIV trial in Libya
  • 2011-02-15 Libyan protests begin opposing Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi's rule
  • 2011-08-23 Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.
  • 2011-10-20 The former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi, and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011) while in the custody of NTC fighters.
  • 2012-06-20 Western Libyan tribal clashes kill 105 people and injure 500

Famous Birthdays

Septimius Severus

0146-04-11 Lucius Septimius Severus, Roman Emperor (193-211), born in Leptis Magna, modern day Libya (d. 211)

  • 1871-09-28 Pietro Badoglio, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44) and Italian General (1922-43), born in Grazzano Monferrato, Italy (d. 1956)
  • 1896-06-06 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot and governor of Libya, born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1940)
  • 1899-01-14 Fritz Bayerlein, German general (WWI, Poland, Libya, St-Lo), born in German Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1942-10-09 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister (2003-2006), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1952-04-01 Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), (d. 2012)

Famous Deaths

  • 1904-01-05 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • 1940-06-28 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot and governor of Libya, dies at 44
  • 2009-10-03 Queen Fatima, former Libyan queen (b. 1918)
  • 2010-01-13 Kalifa Tillisi, Libyan writer and linguist
  • 2011-07-28 Abdul Fatah Younis, Former Libyan Interior Minister, assassinated for pro-Gadaffi ties (b. 1944)
  • 2011-10-20 Moatassem Gaddafi, Son of Moammar Gaddafi and National Security Adviser of Libya (b. 1977)

Muammar Gaddafi

2011-10-20 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, political theorist and dictator (1969-2011), beaten to death in captivity by a Misratan militia at between 68–71

  • 2012-04-29 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister, dies at 69