Mexico City in History

Historical Events

  • 1790-12-17 Aztec calendar stone discovered in Mexico City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1821-09-27 Mexican revolutionary forces led by Agustín de Iturbide occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw, bringing an end to the Mexican War of Independence

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834-01-03 The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • 1847-09-13 American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • 1847-09-14 US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)
  • 1861-01-01 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
  • 1861-01-11 Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
  • 1863-06-07 Mexico City captured by French troops
  • 1944-07-20 Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City
  • 1963-10-18 IOC votes Mexico City to host 1968 Olympics
  • 1968-01-28 Thai boxer Chartchai Chionoi retains his world flyweight title with a 13th-round TKO of home favourite Efren Torres in Mexico City; first of 3 meetings between the pair
  • 1968-10-02 Mexico City police fire on protesting students, 300-500 killed
  • 1968-10-12 IXX Summer Olympic Games open at Mexico City, Mexico; first Olympics in Latin America
  • 1968-10-14 American sprinter Jim Hines runs a world record 9.95s to beat Lennox Miller of Jamaica and Charles Greene of the US, and win the 100m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-14 Viorica Viscopoleanu of Romania sets world record 6.82m to win the women's long jump at the Mexico City Olympics; beats Sheila Sherwood of Great Britain by 0.14m
  • 1968-10-15 Al Oerter of the US wins the men's discus in Olympic record 64.78m at the Mexico City Games; Oerter's unprecedented 4th consecutive Olympic discus title

  • 1968-10-15 Australian Ralph Doubell runs a world record 1:44.40 to beat Kenyan Wilson Kiprugut and win the men's 800m at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-15 British athlete David Hemery sets a world record 48.12s to beat Gerhard Hennige of West Germany and take the gold medal in the men's 400m hurdles at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-15 American sprinter Wyomia Tyus wins her second consecutive Olympic 100m title with a world record 11.08s; beats team mate Barbara Ferrell by 0.08s for the gold medal at the Mexico City Games

Olympic GamesBlack Power Salute

1968-10-16 Americans Tommie Smith (gold 19.83 WR) and John Carlos (bronze) famously give the Black Power salute on the 200m medal podium during the Mexico City Olympics to protest racism and injustice against African-Americans
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Tommie Smith and John Carlos on the podium at 1968 Olympics
Tommie Smith and John Carlos on the podium at 1968 Olympics
  • 1968-10-16 American Bob Seagren, Claus Schiprowski of West Germany and East German Wolfgang Nordwig all record 5.40m in the final of the pole vault at the Mexico City Olympics; Seagren awarded gold on countback
  • 1968-10-17 Soviet athlete Viktor Saneev sets world record 17.39m to win the triple jump at the Mexico City Olympics; world record improved 5 times by 3 different athletes during competition
  • 1968-10-17 US men's 4 x 100m freestyle relay team of Zac Zorn, Stephen Rerych, Ken Walsh & Mark Spitz swim world record 3:31.7 to outclass the Soviet Union & Australia and win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-17 Björn Ferm of Sweden beats Hungary's András Balczó by just 11 points to take the gold medal in the modern pentathlon at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-18 American long jumper Bob Beamon sets an incredible world record (8.90m, 29' 2½") in high altitude at the Mexico City Olympics; 0.55m (22") improvement over previous world record
  • 1968-10-18 American athletes sweep the medals in the men's 400m at the Mexico City Olympics; Lee Evans wins gold in world record 43.86s ahead of Larry James and Ron Freeman
  • 1968-10-18 Polish sprinter Irena Szewińska runs a world record 22.58s to beat Australian Raelene Boyle by 0.16s and win the 200m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-18 A rare Australian 1-2 in track & field; Maureen Caird in Olympic record 10.39s beats team mate Pam Kilborn by 0.07s to win the 80m hurdles at the Mexico City Games
  • 1968-10-19 American swimmer Jan Henne in 1:00.0 leads American sweep of the women's 100m freestyle medals at the Mexico City Olympics; team mates Susan Pedersen & Linda Gustavson both swim 1:00.3 for minor medals
  • 1968-10-19 Australian swimmer Michael Wendon sets world record 52.2s to win the blue ribband men's 100m freestyle gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-19 The West German crew beats Australia by just 0.9s to win the men's eights rowing gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-19 New Zealand scores an upset victory in the men's coxed four rowing final at the Mexico City Olympics; beats favoured East German crew by 2.58s; first ever rowing gold medal for the Kiwis
  • 1968-10-20 Kenyan runner Kip Keino wins 1,500m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics in 3:34.91 despite a severe gall bladder infection
  • 1968-10-20 American Dick Fosbury using his unconventional technique wins the men's high jump gold medal with 2.24m at the Mexico City Olympics; "Fosbury Flop" becomes accepted most efficient technique
  • 1968-10-20 American sprinter Jim Hines anchors US men's 4 x 100m relay team to win his second gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; with team mates Charles Greene, Mel Pender & Ronnie Ray Smith sets world record 38.24s
  • 1968-10-20 US men's 4 x 400m relay team of Vincent Matthews, Ron Freeman, Larry James & Lee Evans runs world record 2:56.16; easily beats Kenya & West Germany into the minor medals at the Mexico City Olympics

  • 1968-10-20 US women's 4 x 100m relay team sets world record 42.88s to win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; Margaret Bailes, Barbara Ferrell, Mildrette Netter & Wyomia Tyus
  • 1968-10-20 Margitta Gummel of East Germany throws world record 19.61m to beat team mate Marita Lange by 0.83m and win the women's shot put gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-22 American swimmers sweep the medals in the women's 200m freestyle at the Mexico City Olympics; Debbie Meyer takes gold in Olympic record 2:10.5 ahead of team mates Jan Henne and Jane Barkman
  • 1968-10-23 American swimmer Kaye Hall sets a world record 1:06.2 to beat Canadian Elaine Tanner by 0.5s and win the 100m backstroke gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-24 16 year old American swimmer Debbie Meyer wins the inaugural women's 800m gold medal in 9:24.0 at the Mexico City Olympics; first swimmer to win 3 individual gold medals at a Games (200/400m)
  • 1968-10-24 Australian swimmer Michael Wendon wraps up the Mexico City Games sprint double when he wins the men's 200m freestyle gold medal in Olympic record 1:55.2
  • 1968-10-25 Czech gymnast Věra Čáslavská wins the uneven bars and vault gold medals at the Mexico City Olympics; her 6th & 7th career gold medals and her 4th at these Games
  • 1968-10-25 American swimmer Claudia Kolb wraps up the women's individual medley double in Mexico City, winning the 400m I/M in Olympic record 5:08.5; she also won the 200m I/M in OR 2:24.7
  • 1968-10-25 East German swimmer Roland Matthes wins the 200m backstroke gold medal in Olympic record 2:09.6 at the Mexico City Games; wraps up backstroke double
  • 1968-10-25 US men's basketball team beats Yugoslavia 65-50 to win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; 7th straight basketball title for the Americans

OlympicsOlympic Gold

1968-10-26 Future world heavyweight boxing champion George Foreman wins the Olympic heavyweight gold medal when the final against Jonas Čepulis (Soviet Union) is stopped in round 2 at the Mexico City Games

Boxing Champ George Foreman
Boxing Champ
George Foreman
  • 1968-10-26 Japanese gymnasts sweep the medals in the men's floor exercise competition at the Mexico City Olympics; Sawao Kato wins his 3rd gold of the Games ahead of team mates Akinori Nakayama and Takeshi Katō
  • 1968-10-26 Japanese gymnast Akinori Nakayama wins 3 individual gold medals on the one day (horizontal bar, rings & parallel bars) at the Mexico City Olympics; with team victory, 4 gold for the Games
  • 1968-10-26 Charlie Hickcox wins his 3rd gold medal of the Mexico City Olympics when he leads the US men's 4 x 100m medley relay team with team mates Don McKenzie, Doug Russell & Ken Walsh to world record 3:54.9
  • 1968-10-26 Striker Antal Dunai scores twice as Hungary outclasses Bulgaria 4-1 to take the men's football gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-26 Italian diver Klaus Dibiasi wins first of 3 consecutive men's 10m platform gold medals when he comfortably beats Álvaro Gaxiola of Mexico at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968-10-26 The Soviet Union wraps up the volleyball double at the Mexico City Olympics; both men's & women's teams take gold at the end of their respective round-robin competitions

Sport awardFIFA World Cup

1970-06-21 FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Azteca, Mexico City: Brazil and Pelé become first team and player to win World Cup 3 times, beating Italy, 4-1 in front of 107,412

Brazilian Football Legend Pele
Brazilian Football Legend
Pele
  • 1975-10-21 Mexico City's 1st major subway accident takes 26 lives
  • 1977-07-07 12,000 police occupy university in Mexico City
  • 1978-08-05 New Orleans Saints beat Philadelphia Eagles 14-7 in an NFL exhibition at Mexico City's Olympic Stadium
  • 1984-11-19 Liquid gas tank in Mexico City explodes; 334 die
  • 1985-09-19 8.1 earthquake in Mexico City kills an estimated 10,000 and leaves 250,000 homeless
  • 1986-06-29 FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Azteca, Mexico City: Argentina beats West Germany, 3-2 in front of 114,600
  • 1986-09-28 Record 23,000 start in a marathon (Mexico City)
  • 1992-01-16 Chapultepec Peace Accords are signed in Mexico City which ends the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War
  • 1999-11-09 TAESA Flight 725, crashes a few minutes after leaving the Uruapan airport en-route to Mexico City. 18 people were killed in the accident.
  • 2005-10-02 NFL plays first regular season game outside United States when the Arizona Cardinals defeat the San Francisco 49ers, 31-14 in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 2012-07-08 Tens of thousands protest over election corruption in Mexico City after Enrique Peña Nieto's win in the country's presidential election

Person of InterestEl Chapo Finally Recaptured

2015-07-11 Mexican drug lord Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán escapes from Altiplano maximum-security prison west of Mexico City via a specially constructed 1.5 km tunnel from his cell to a nearby house
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Mexican drug lord Joaquín
Mexican drug lord Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán in American custody after being extradited to the United States

BeatificationPapal Visit

2016-02-12 Pope Francis begins his visit to Mexico, arriving at “Benito Juarez” International Airport in Mexico City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016-03-19 Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, directed by Zack Synder and starring Ben Affleck and Henry Cavill, first premieres in Mexico City

  • 2017-09-19 7.1 earthquake south east of Mexico City kills over 300
  • 2019-05-15 Mexico City declares an environmental emergency after air pollution reaches dangerous levels
  • 2019-08-12 Beginning of the 'glitter revolution' in Mexico City when security chief showered with pink glitter in protest of violence against women after teenager raped by police

Famous Birthdays

  • 1838-12-04 Melesio Morales, Mexican composer, born in Mexico City (d. 1908)
  • 1863-09-08 Gustavo Campa, Mexican composer, born in Mexico City (d. 1934)
  • 1871-04-03 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio), born in Mexico City (d. 1941)
  • 1899-06-13 Carlos Chávez, Mexican conductor and composer (Sinfonía india), born in Mexico City (d. 1978)
  • 1902-04-17 Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican politician, 2nd Director-General of the UNESCO (1948-52), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • 1903-08-27 Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet (Nocturno de los Angeles), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1950)
  • 1904-07-30 Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • 1905-02-22 Luis Sandi, Mexican musician and composer, born in Mexico City (d. 1996)
  • 1906-11-29 Luis Van Rooten, Mexican-born American actor, author and translator (One Man's Family), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1973)

Person of interestFrida Kahlo

1907-07-06 Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter who explored questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender and race in Mexican society, born in Coyoacán, Mexico City (d. 1954)

Painter Frida Kahlo
Painter
Frida Kahlo
  • 1911-08-12 Cantinflas [Mario Moreno], Mexican actor (Around World in 80 Days, Pepe), born in Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico (d. 1993)
  • 1912-05-09 Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (From Russia With Love, Fort Apache), born in Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico (d. 1963)
  • 1920-11-25 Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican actor (Fantasy Island, Star Trek II, Naked Gun), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2009)
  • 1935-04-10 Jorge Mester, Mexican conductor (Louisville Orch 1967-79), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1936-04-15 Héctor Quintanar, Mexican composer, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2013)
  • 1938-05-04 Carlos Monsiváis, Mexican writer and political activist, born in Mexico City
  • 1938-09-15 Rafael Osuna, Mexican tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1963), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1969)

Person of interestCarlos Slim

1940-01-28 Carlos Slim, Mexican business magnate (América Móvil) once ranked as the richest person in the world, born in Mexico City, Mexico

Businessman Carlos Slim
Businessman
Carlos Slim
  • 1941-08-20 Jo Ramírez, Mexican motor racing team manager and author, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1942-02-14 Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican auto racer (youngest F1 driver ever to race for Ferrari), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1962)
  • 1942-07-03 Paco Stanley, Mexican TV personality, born in Mexico City (d. 1999)
  • 1942-09-05 Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor (Improvisaciones), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1995)
  • 1943-03-19 Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist and 1995 Nobel laureate (Antarctic ozone hole), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1943-04-03 Mario Lavista, Mexican composer and writer, born in Mexico City
  • 1943-08-15 María Rojo, Mexican actress and politician, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1943-12-13 Arturo Ripstein, Mexican film director (El Lugar Sin Limites, Foxtrot), born in Mexico City
  • 1946-02-08 Adolfo "Fito" de la Parra, Mexican blues-rock drummer (Canned Heat), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1946-04-03 Carlos Salinas de Gortari, President of Mexico (1988-94), born in Mexico City
  • 1947-01-14 Rubén Olivares, Mexican boxer (4-division world champion), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1947-05-01 Jacob Bekenstein, American-Israeli theoretical physicist (Bekenstein-Hawking radiation), born in Mexico City (d. 2015)
  • 1947-09-16 Enrique Krauze, Mexican historian and writer, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1948-02-17 José José 'The Prince of Song' [José Rómulo Sosa Ortiz], Mexican singer and actor, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2019)
  • 1949-08-07 Carlo Novi, Mexican songwriter and saxopone player (Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2010)
  • 1951-01-31 Juan de Dios Castillo, Mexican soccer coach (Honduras, Copa Centroamericana 2011), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2014)
  • 1952-02-12 Salvador Pineda, Mexican actor, born in Huetamo, Mexico
  • 1954-12-11 Santiago Creel, Mexican politician (Secretary of the Interior), born in Mexico City
  • 1955-04-01 Emmanuel [Acha], Mexican singer (Íntimamente, La Chica de Humo), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1955-04-13 Lupe Pintor, Mexican boxer, born in Cuajimalpa, Mexico City
  • 1956-02-05 Hector Rebaque, Mexican racing driver, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1956-12-12 Ana Alicia Ortiz, Mexican-American actress (Melissa-Falcon Crest), born in Mexico City
  • 1957-01-15 Mario Van Peebles, Mexican actor (Posse, South Bronx Heroes), born in Mexico City, Mexico

Person of interestJorge Ramos

1958-03-16 Jorge Ramos, Mexican TV anchor, born in Mexico City

News Anchor Jorge Ramos
News Anchor
Jorge Ramos
  • 1961-11-28 Alfonso Cuarón, Mexican film director (Gravity), born in Mexico City
  • 1963-08-15 Alejandro González Iñárritu, Mexican film director (Birdman, Babel), born in Mexico City
  • 1965-04-20 Adrian Fernández, Mexican racing driver and co-owner of the Fernandez Racing team, born in Mexico City
  • 1966-03-03 Fernando Colunga, Mexican actor and director (Pasión, Ladrón que roba a ladrón), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1967-07-25 Dave Jareckie, American biathelete (Olympics 1994), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1971-06-17 Paulina Rubio, Mexican singer, model and businesswoman (La Chica Dorada), born in Mexico City, Mexico

Person of interestThalía

1971-08-26 Thalia Sodi, Mexican actress and singer known as the "Queen of Latin Pop", born in Mexico City, Mexico

Singer-Songwriter and Actress Thalía
Singer-Songwriter and Actress
Thalía
  • 1972-04-23 Patricia Manterola, Mexican singer and actress (Apuesta por un Amor), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1974-09-08 Braulio Luna, Mexican soccer midfielder (32 caps; San Luis), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1974-11-30 Marina de Tavira, Mexican actress (Roma), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1975-04-17 Gabriel Soto, Mexican actor and model, born in Mexico City
  • 1976-06-02 Adrian Carlos Olivares, singer (Menudo-Cannonball), born in Mexico City
  • 1977-12-25 Israel Vasquez, Current WBC Super bantamweight champion, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1979-08-23 Edgar Sosa, Mexican boxer, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1980-02-14 Fátima Leyva, Mexican footballer, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1981-02-15 Diego Martínez, Mexican footballer, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1983-01-08 Felipe Colombo, Argentine-Mexican actor & singer, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1983-03-01 Lupita Nyong’o, Mexican-Kenyan actress (12 Years a Slave), born in Mexico City
  • 1983-03-09 Maite Perroni [Beorlegui], Mexican actress and singer in the Latin pop group RBD, born in Mexico City
  • 1984-02-26 Natalia Lafourcade, Mexican singer, born in Mexico City
  • 1990-01-30 Eiza Gonzalez, Mexican actress & singer, born in Mexico City, Mexico

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1960-03-31 Actor Yul Brynner (44) weds fashion house executive Doris Kleiner (32) in Mexico City

  • 1968-10-26 Czech 7-time Olympic champion gymnast Věra Čáslavská (26) weds middle distance runner Josef Odložil (29) at the Mexico City Cathedral, Mexico City

LoveWedding of Interest

1971-11-27 MLB center fielder Willie Mays (40) weds Mae Louise Allen in Mexico City

MLB Legend Willie Mays
MLB Legend
Willie Mays
  • 2007-02-05 "Rudo y Cursi" Mexican actor Diego Luna (28) weds actress and model Camila Sodi (21) in Mexico City