Moroccan History

Historical Events

  • 1340-10-30 Battle of Rio Salado (or Tarifa): King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeat Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada, last Marīnids invasion of Iberian Peninsula
  • 1578-08-04 Battle of Alcazarquivir, Moroccans defeat Portuguese, 10,000 killed
  • 1591-03-13 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • 1859-10-29 Spain declares war on Morocco
  • 1900-12-14 France and Italy sign a secret agreement by which Italy recognizes France's right to exploit Morocco in return for France's conceding her the same right in Tripoli
  • 1901-07-20 Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony
  • 1904-04-08 Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
  • 1904-05-18 In Morocco, a brigand, Raizuli, kidnaps Ion H. Perdicaris, an American citizen
  • 1904-10-03 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905-03-31 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1905-04-06 Germany receives invitation from Sultan of Morocco to an international conference to discuss matters relating to Morocco
  • 1906-01-16 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)
  • 1906-04-07 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
  • 1907-07-30 Starting today, the French bombard Casablanca and land troops to occupy the Atlantic-coast region of Morocco after attacks on foreigners
  • 1907-08-16 Mulay Hafid is proclaimed the Sultan of Morocco by supporters leading to civil war; Mulay is supported by Germany while France supports the existing Sultan
  • 1909-02-08 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco

  • 1911-05-02 French troops occupy Fès El Bali, Morocco
  • 1911-05-21 French troop enter Fez in Morocco to quell anti-European agitation
  • 1911-07-01 The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco
  • 1911-11-04 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco & Congo
  • 1912-03-30 French protectorate in Morocco established
  • 1912-11-27 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • 1916-10-24 Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • 1923-12-18 International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco
  • 1924-12-12 Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • 1925-04-11 Abd el-Krims Rifkabylen beats French army in Morocco
  • 1925-04-23 Having badly defeated Spain and driven her out of Spanish Morocco, the native Riffi, led by Abd-el-Krim, turn on the French in French Morocco
  • 1925-05-08 French colonial army beats Rifkabylen in Morocco
  • 1925-06-22 Spain and France fight Morocco
  • 1925-09-29 French Gen of Morocco, marshal Lyautey, is dismissed
  • 1927-04-25 Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen)
  • 1935-02-11 -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-07-18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1942-10-23 First ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
  • 1942-11-10 US troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey, Morocco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-01-10 1st US President to visit a foreign country in wartime - FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • 1943-01-14 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel overseas by airplane
  • 1953-08-21 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco deposed
  • 1955-08-20 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria
  • 1955-11-16 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco
  • 1956-03-02 Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declaring independence from France
  • 1956-03-03 Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
  • 1956-04-07 Spain relinquishes her protectorate in Morocco
  • 1956-10-22 France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
  • 1956-10-29 International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco
  • 1956-11-18 Morocco gains independence
  • 1958-01-13 Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
  • 1958-04-10 Northern strip of Spanish Sahara ceded to Morocco
  • 1958-04-20 Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops
  • 1958-12-23 Abdallah Ibrahim forms government in Morocco
  • 1960-02-29 Agadir earthquake in Morocco kills a third of the population (12,000-15,000)
  • 1961-03-03 King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco
  • 1961-08-30 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • 1962-01-23 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
  • 1962-10-09 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • 1963-10-14 Algeria & Morocco border conflict

  • 1963-10-30 Morocco & Algeria sign cease fire
  • 1963-11-18 King Hassan II opens 1st parliament in Morocco
  • 1965-03-23 Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed
  • 1965-06-07 Morocco King Hassan suspends constitution, grabs power
  • 1965-11-12 General strike in Morocco against disappearance of Ben Barka
  • 1969-06-30 Spain cedes Ifni to Morocco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970-07-12 Thor Heyerdahl crosses the Atlantic ocean on the raft Ra II, arrives in Barbados from Morocco after 57 days

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1971-07-10 Failed assassination attempt on King Hassan II of Morocco, 101 killed
  • 1972-08-16 Morocco King Hassan II's B727 shot during failed coup attempt by General Mohamed Oufkir. Reportedly, King Hassan grabbed the radio and told the rebel pilots "Stop firing! The tyrant is dead!", fooling pilots to break off attack
  • 1973-03-10 Morocco adopts constitution
  • 1973-12-23 French Caravelle airliner crashes in Morocco, 106 killed
  • 1975-09-03 Chartered Boeing 707 crashes in Atlas Mts of Morocco, 188 die
  • 1975-11-14 Spain, Morocco and Mauretania sign accord about Spanish Sahara
  • 1976-01-27 Morocco-Algeria battles in West Sahara
  • 1976-03-07 Morocco & Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria
  • 1979-11-03 Moroccan offensive against Polisario Front
  • 1984-08-13 Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
  • 1984-09-15 Morocco Showcase opens
  • 1985-08-23 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 1.5k record (3:29.46) in Berlin
  • 1986-08-29 Moroccan King Hassan II signs unity treaty with Libya
  • 1987-07-22 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 5k record (12:58.39) in Rome
  • 1987-07-23 Said Aouita of Morocco runs world record 5,000 m (12:58.39)
  • 1989-02-17 Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market
  • 1990-08-11 Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion
  • 1993-06-25 Parliamentary election in Morocco
  • 1999-07-23 Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan is crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco on the death of his father
  • 1999-08-15 Beni Ounif massacre in Algeria; some 29 people are killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.
  • 2001-11-10 An agreement is reached at talks in Marrakech, Morocco, on rules for implementation of the Kyoto climate change treaty
  • 2003-05-16 In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in terrorist attacks
  • 2012-09-04 42 people are killed and 25 injured as a passenger bus falls down a ravine in Morocco
  • 2013-08-10 16 Royal Guardsmen are killed in a bus accident in Al Hoceima, Morocco
  • 2016-02-04 Morocco's Mohammed VI switches on world's largest solar plant near Ouarzazate. Planned to power 1 million homes when fully completed 2018

Famous Birthdays

  • 1872-03-28 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1887-08-08 Ullrich Haupt, Prussian actor (Morocco, Du Barry-Woman of Passion), born in Falkenburg, Pomerania, Germany (d. 1931)
  • 1889-12-24 Vladimir Sokoloff, Russian actor (Road to Morocco), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1904-09-17 Jerry Colonna, American actor (Jerry Colonna Show, Alice in Wonderland, Road to Singapore), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • 1909-08-10 Mohammed V ibn Yusuf, King of Morocco (1953, 1955-61)
  • 1922-07-09 Hassan II [Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf], King of Morocco (1961-99), born in Rabat, Morocco (d. 1999)
  • 1924-10-27 Michel Galabru, French actor (Judge & the Assassin), born in Safi, Morocco (d. 2016)
  • 1926-07-15 Driss Chraïbi, Moroccan author
  • 1938-11-08 Driss Basri, Moroccan politician (Interior Minister 1979-99), born in Settat, Morocco (d. 2007)
  • 1944-12-01 Tahar Ben Jelloun, French writer of Moroccan origin
  • 1944-12-01 Daniel Pennac, French writer, born in Morocco
  • 1948-07-30 Jean Reno, Moroccan-French actor (22 Bullets), born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • 1960-01-10 Samira Said, Moroccan pop singer, born in Rabat, Morocco
  • 1963-01-06 Philippe Perrin, French test pilot, born in Meknes, Morocco
  • 1963-08-21 Mohammed VI of Morocco, King of Morocco (1999-present), born in Rabat, Morocco
  • 1964-05-07 Mustapha Zerqti, Moroccan Dutch writer (Ihtidaar hub fi el-mahd)
  • 1964-11-13 Ronald Agenor, Rabat Morocco, tennis player (1989 French quarters)
  • 1965-01-04 Guy Forget, French tennis player (ATP Tour Finals 1990; France Davis Cup 1991, 96; Fed Cup/Davis Cup captain; Director French Open), born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • 1967-01-29 Khalid Skah, Moroccan athlete (Olympic gold 10,000m 1992), born in Midelt, Morocco
  • 1967-08-15 Moulay Brahim Boutaib, Morocco, 10k runner (Olympic gold 1988)
  • 1970-02-10 Noureddine Naybet, Moroccan footballer, born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • 1970-06-20 Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco, born in Rabat, Morocco
  • 1971-11-16 Mustapha Hadji, Moroccan footballer
  • 1972-01-16 Salah Hissou, Moroccan long-distance runner, born in Morocco
  • 1972-04-02 Chico Slimani, Moroccan-British singer (It's Chico Time), born in Bridgend, Wales
  • 1973-05-24 Karim Alami, Moroccan tennis star, born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • 1974-09-14 Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete (Olympic gold 1,500m, 5k 2004), born in Berkane, Morocco
  • 1975-06-22 Laila Rouass, Moroccan-Indian actress
  • 1976-07-08 Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer
  • 1985-02-14 Karima Adebibe, Moroccan-English actress & model, born in Bethnal Green, London
  • 2007-02-28 Princess Lalla Khadija of Morocco, born in Rabat, Morocco

Famous Weddings

  • 2008-03-23 France's former first lady Cecilia Ciganer-Albeniz (50) weds Moroccan-born public relations executive Richard Attias (48) in Manhattan, New York

Famous Deaths

  • 1351-05-24 Abu al-Hasan 'Ali, Sultan of Morocco (b. circa 1297)
  • 1931-08-05 Ullrich Haupt, Prussian actor (Morocco, Du Barry-Woman of Passion), accidentally shot at 43
  • 1961-02-26 Mohammed V, ibn Yusuf, sultan/King of Morocco, dies at 51
  • 1962-02-15 Vladimir Sokoloff, Russian actor (Road to Morocco, Cloak & Dagger), dies at 72
  • 1963-02-06 Abd el-Krim [Mohamed ibn Abdelkrim El-Khattabi], Moroccan political and military leader (Republic of the Rif), dies at 85
  • 1965-10-28 Ben Barka, Moroccan opposition leader, kidnapped & murdered in Paris
  • 1965-10-29 Mehdi Am Barka, Moroccan socialist leader, murdered in Paris
  • 1971-07-10 Mohamed Madbouh, Moroccan general/putschist, shot to death
  • 1995-01-21 Philippe Casado, Moroccan/French cyclist, dies at 30
  • 1999-07-23 Hassan II [Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf], King of Morocco (1961-99), dies of natural causes at 70
  • 2007-02-03 Ralph de Toledano, Moroccan-born American political columnist and author (b. 1916)